03/08/2011 World News Today


03/08/2011

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This is BBC World News Today. In a cage, on a stretcher, Egypt's

:00:11.:00:13.

former president goes before a Cairo court, accused of corruption

:00:13.:00:23.
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and ordering the killing of protesters. These accusations, I

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deny them. I have not committed any such crimes.

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The Syrian crackdown goes on, as the UN draws closer to a common

:00:31.:00:34.

position on Damascus. Solvent and solid. Silvio

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Berlusconi delivers an upbeat assessment of Italy's economy, but

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government borrowing rates reach record highs.

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Britain's hacking scandal spreads. Heather Mills claims a Mirror group

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executive told her that messages from Sir Paul McCartney were

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intercepted. Not quite the very model of a

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modern major festival, but how the fans mark 100 years since the death

:00:56.:01:06.
:01:06.:01:16.

Hello and welcome. It has been an unprecedented day for Egypt. The

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man who ruled the country for 29 years, Hosni Mubarak, has appeared

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in a Cairo court to face charges of corruption and of ordering the

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killing of Egyptians. Nearly 850 people died during the uprising

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that eventually forced him from power six months ago. Mr Mubarak

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heard the charges from an iron cage in the courtroom where he lay on a

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hospital stretcher bed, apparently too frail to stand. From Cairo, Jon

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Leyne reports on the first major trial of the Arab Spring.

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From early-morning they gather outside the courthouse at the

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police academy. Protesters and relatives of those killed in the

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revolution demand justice and revenge. Clashes are quickly

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breaking out and there is anger towards the police and the

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opposition do not trust the military either. Even as order was

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restored, people here did not believe the military would put on

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trial their former commander and president. As they hearing began,

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they filed into the caged dock. The two sons. The former interior

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minister. Finally, Hosni Mubarak himself. He was brought in on a

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stretcher, clearly conscious and fully aware of what was going on.

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The judge refused the plea for the 83 year olds to be allowed out of

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the hearing on grounds of ill health. The prosecutor read out the

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charges. Hosni Mubarak did nothing to prevent attacks on demonstrators,

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he said. TRANSLATION: The intention was to

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kill the biggest number of protesters. For the first time in

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30 years, the former leader was asked to answer for his actions.

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TRANSLATION: These accusations, I deny them all. Then, an unpleasant

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surprise for the current military leader Field Marshall Tantawi.

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Lawyers called for him to testify. So, this is Hosni Mubarak. He was

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once powerful, now on a stretcher, in a court room, facing charges

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that could lead to the death penalty. The accusation is that the

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former President responded to these protests by ordering his men to

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open fire. More than 800 protesters were killed. Proving his command

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responsibility will be a challenge. This is a moment Egyptians never

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believed they would see, their former president, members of his

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family and his officials in the dock, in what used to be the police

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academy in his name. Certainly, the protesters outside the court were

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exhilarated by the spectacle. I saw him, I felt it was the first

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step to justice. It is not like they are happy because of what is

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happening to him, they are happy that justice came to this country.

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The question is, with -- will this heel or reopened Egypt's wounds?

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I am joined by an Egyptian journalist who joins me from New

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York. How significant is this today in the grand scheme of things for

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those who demonstrated for change? It is absolutely significant.

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Listening to his voice saying he denies charges gives me goose bumps.

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This is something we lost so many lives in Egypt for. This is

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something Egypt has been struggling for. Human rights activist, unions,

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feminists, everybody who came together to march against his

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tyranny, they never thought they would see this day. This is a boost

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for everybody in the region. He is a weak man. Does it matter if he is

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not present during the trial? question whether he is weak. We get

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the weekly update from his solicitor, making it seem like he

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was in a coma every two days, when during his years in power, it was a

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crime to discuss his health. He comes into court with his hair

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freshly dyed. If he wanted public sympathy, he would have gone

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further to look frail. It is important for him to hear the

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charges and for all tyrants across the region to see him being held

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accountable. His lawyers are saying that they would like to speak to

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Field Marshall Tantawi. This is a country, Egypt is on a tightrope in

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many respects, would it be a good or bad thing for Field Marshall

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Tantawi to come to trial? It would be a fantastic thing. I am aware

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that we have replaced Hosni Mubarak with a Supreme Council of people

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like him. Let us take out their dour -- dirty laundry and air it.

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This trial was not a gift from the Supreme Military Council. It is the

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people of Egypt who forced the army and military council that runs the

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country to put him on trial. He is one of theirs and they are his

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friends. They should all be held accountable. That said, it is the

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military who are in control. military is in control. I just came

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back from Egypt where I spent time in the square with the City in

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before it was broken up. -- sit in. This trial is a result of people

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pressure. This pressure will continue to remind the military

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that when we enter trials, where one civilian leadership and fair

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elections. I am confident people pressure will liberate Egypt from

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the regime. It is an unique moment for Egypt. It is significant for

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other nationalities in the Middle East. In what way? We cannot forget

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the suffering of sisters and brothers are in Syria, where they

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are continued to be massacred brutally. Revolutionary is watching

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this should be thinking, one of these days there President will be

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held accountable and face what Hosni Mubarak faces. All of them,

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Colonel Gaddafi, the rulers of Saudi Arabia, they must be watching

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Hosni Mubarak brought to his knees, in aid cage. They know that the

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people of their country can hold people accountable.

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Members of the UN Security Council agreed on the wording of a

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statement that will condemn the violence in Syria. Reports from

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Hama say there are tanks after days of violence that have left 140

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people dead. As roadblocks smoulder on the

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streets of Hama, the shelling begins again. These pictures are

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uploaded to the internet by activists and show the fear of

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residence as security forces continued their deadly crackdown.

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Residents of the central town have told the BBC that many are fleeing

:09:07.:09:17.
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to villages. Today, about 5am, all communication, land lines, internet,

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they had been dropped completely. They started firing and bombs and

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tanks in all directions of the city. The government attempts to cut

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communications are impossible to verify -- make it impossible to

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verify what is going on inside Syria. There are protests in other

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places. The unrest is blamed on armed gangs and saboteurs attacking

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the troops. But, at the UN Security Council, bet is unease about the

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actions of Syria's forces. required balance has not been

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achieved in the course of discussions. And in the current

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shape and form of the text, it may not play a constructive and

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positive role. The confrontations between the President's forces and

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protesters calling for freedom and democracy started in March. Still,

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survival seems to be the concern of the regime. Any UN Security Council

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action is unlikely to have impact on the streets of Syria.

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Cocaine with a street rally at of up to $500 million has been found

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inside a luxury yacht on the south coast of England. The drugs were

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stashed in a secret compartment in a boat headed from the Caribbean to

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the Netherlands. Officials say they were so well concealed it took six

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days to find them. Six men had been arrested.

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The Louise, a luxury yacht with the trappings of a wealthy lifestyle.

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The Louise hadn't even -- hidden extra, the largest amount of

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cocaine ever seized in the UK. This is what it looks like. 1.2 tonnes.

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It was an international law enforcement operation involving

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seven countries. This is a global threat and it requires a global

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response with trusted Partner ships and for people to rely on the

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information and intelligence they are given. It was from Venezuela

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that the drugs consignments set sail. It was shipped to the British

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Virgin Islands and packed inside Louise, a 65 ft cruiser. This is

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where the British and French authorities were tipped off. They

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tracked the Louise across the Atlantic. With her cargo she was

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transported on a container ship. The next stop was Southampton. She

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was going to the Netherlands but the UK became her journey's end

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when law enforcement agencies began their search. It was under the

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diving platform they eventually located what they had been looking

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for. Cocaine and the street value was �300 million. How do you hide

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such a large stash of drugs? The smugglers were clever. It took

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teams working 12 hours a day six days to find all the cocaine. Often,

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smugglers used a false fuel tank to hide the drugs. The Louise had a

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false tank, but it was empty. The smugglers hoped to put the

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searchers off the scent. But they kept looking for a cocaine, which

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was 90% pure. It would have found its way into Europe and around

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Europe and back to the UK in large store. We think this would amount

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to in terms of street availability something in the region of seven or

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eight tons of cut cocaine. This is huge. This will damage. With the

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Louise impounded, the owner, his sons and two other men are under

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arrest in the Netherlands. Also seized from the Gan were guns and

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over 1 million euros in cash. -- gang. Australian police have

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freed a young woman after ten hours in which they tried to deal with a

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suspected bomb reportedly strapped to her body. Few details have

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emerged about the incident in a wealthy Sydney suburb. They said

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they were examining the device and the girl was back with her parents.

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They said there had been interaction between the girl and

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the person who planted the device. NATO is sending hundreds of

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additional troops to Kosovo amid tensions over two crossings on its

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northern border with Serbia. Hundreds of ethnic Serbs who refuse

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to accept the declaration of independence have maintained road

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blockades in the area. A rather extreme way of cracking

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down on illegal parking. This is the Mayor of Vilnius in a tank

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running over a Mercedes. The leader had enough of driver's parking

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where they should not, so he and a public relations team took matters

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into their own hands. He is an avid cyclist and hopes that by showing

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the world how seriously he takes traffic offences there will be less

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:14:45.:14:49.

of them and drivers like that in The Italian Prime Minister, Silvio

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Berlusconi, has told the Lower House of Parliament that the

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country's economy has a solid foundation and its banks have good

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reserves of cattle. He was speaking in Rome following market

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speculation that the eurozone debt crisis might spread to Italy and

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Spain. Earlier today, the Italian Finance

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Minister Giulio Tremonti held an emergency meeting at the eurozone -

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- with the routes on German Jean Claude Juncker in Luxembourg, but

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details of the talks have not been released. The President of the

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European Commission, Jose Manuel Barroso, has also commented, saying

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the speculation do not reflect these true state of the Italian and

:15:28.:15:38.
:15:38.:15:46.

Spanish economies. In fact, a little while ago, the chair of the

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European Commission felt that our market was under pressure and our

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banks have also overcome on their own financial crisis. They have

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been able to deal with losses on credit which were given a -- gave

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rise to the recession. In the last few months they have been able to

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get access to capital and sufficient funds to overcome the

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stress test. Joy and in me from Rome is David

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Lane who is the Italy business and finance correspondent for the

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Economist. Do you buy a solve your

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Berlusconi's keep Cameron carry on approach? I think it was a

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disappointing performance in Parliament. I do not think he put

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forward any major ideas that will bring the big change to what is

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happening in the Italian economy or in public sector finances. We will

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wait to see what the markets tomorrow say. Even the European

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Commission President suggesting that Italy and Spain are getting a

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raw deal out of the markets. would expect him to say that.

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is a fair point. We are looking at a country where the Government has

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introduced in austerity plan. Mr Berlusconi says that is an

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indication we are moving in the right direction. The banks are

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solvent and the economy is sound. The markets have said they do not

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believe that story. They believe there should be more austerity and

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that not enough is being done to encourage growth. I think that is

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one of the major problems with the Italian economy. It has a low

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growth rate about 1% and that is not enough to convince the markets,

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especially where one is seeing yield of around 6% on Italian bonds.

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It is over 6% now. I was going to ask you about that. At what point

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do you think the Italians volunteer the Greek trap and have to start

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saying, we do need a bail-out? not think they have got to that

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point yet. In August, they have cancelled the auction of medium and

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long-term bonds. They have decided to do that because taxes are

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collected mainly in July and June. They have had such - tax-efficient

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revenues and so they have said they will cancel the auction in August.

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I must say that I spoke to a senior banker and they say they believe

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the Treasury should should have gone through with the auction. It

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might be seen as a sign of weakness. Her they might get some idea

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tomorrow when the Spanish Government bonds are up for auction.

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Spain in not take a similar position in terms of the cost now

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of borrowing. Are we looking at some sort of eurozone Armageddon

:19:10.:19:20.
:19:20.:19:22.

again? It looks like it. When one looks at the their debt they Italy

:19:22.:19:32.
:19:32.:19:34.

had when it joined the eurozone, around 110% of GDP, it is now 120%.

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That is twice what was laid out by the treaty. Perhaps Italy should

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not have joined the euro. A tiny, - - finally, he is known as a man of

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charisma. Could he still be the right man to bring Italy round?

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remember that we wrote about Berlusconi more than 10 years ago

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that he was unfit to lead Italy. I think that everything that he has

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done over the last three years in Government since the firm this

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Government in 2080 and what he did between 2001 and 2006, shows away

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were fit to write what we did. Here in Britain, more phone hacking

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allegations have emerged, this time about the prep -- Mirror Group of

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newspapers. Heather Mills has made claims to the BBC that a senior

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Mirror Group editorial figure admitted hacking highly sensitive

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voice mails left for her by Sir Paul McCartney before they were

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married. Heather Mills is a former model,

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best known for her four year marriage to Sir Paul McCartney. She

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was the subject of tabloid stories for years. Tonight she alleges that

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the senior journalist at Mirror Group Newspapers admitted hacking

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his voice mail left for her in 2001 by Sir Paul McCartney. She said he

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quoted parts of the message, following an argument she had with

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her then boyfriend. We had had an argument. If you do anything with

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the story because they were private conversations about the issues we

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were having as a couple, I said, what would you do? He said, OK. I

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did hear it on you're voice messages. I will not run it.

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parent company, Trinity Mirror, tonight said in response to the

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allegation that its position was clear. That all its journalists

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work within the criminal law and the Press Complaints framework. It

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was not the then editor Piers Morgan. However, the message in

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question appears to be one which Mr Morgan later admitted listening to

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any 2006 article in the Daily Mail in which she wrote, at one stage I

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was played the message poll have left for heather on her mobile

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phone. It was heartbreaking. The couple had had if fight. He sounded

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lonely, miserable and desperate and even sang We Can Work It Out into

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the answer phone. If her recollection is correct, the

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message he listen to had been hacked. And they fell Mirror Group

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journalist had tried to use it to get the story. Piers Morgan who now

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works for CNN has consistently denied phone hacking or authorising

:22:49.:22:56.

it. This man worked for the company as a business journalist. He was

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later convicted of conspiring inflated share prices. He says the

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practice was widespread at the time Heather Mills claims the event took

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place. It was an accepted technique for stories. The BBC has also

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learned that many people also believe they were hacked by the

:23:23.:23:28.

Mirror Group. If you like a bit of Gilbert and

:23:28.:23:33.

Sullivan, you may want to head for Derbyshire in the North of England.

:23:33.:23:38.

A festival is taking place to mark 100 years since the death of WS

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Gilbert. Fans from around the world are taking part and it is just more

:23:44.:23:54.
:23:54.:23:59.

than about of that musical blend. It is 150 productions.

:23:59.:24:04.

We are in Buxton for a celebration of Gilbert and Sullivan. It is

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magic. If you like singers and good music and a good laugh. I cannot

:24:10.:24:20.
:24:20.:24:23.

think of anywhere else to go. everywhere you go, it is final

:24:23.:24:31.

rehearsal time. That was HMS Pinafore. This is another HMS

:24:31.:24:41.
:24:41.:24:43.

Pinafore. Meanwhile, next door... They are rehearsing his the Mikado.

:24:43.:24:51.

And here we are backstage for the Yeomen of the Guard. And it is for

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the festival director, Ian Smith, a record breaker. How many

:24:56.:25:00.

productions altogether? The in total in this festival we will have

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50 full-scale productions. operas, 2000 costumes and an

:25:10.:25:17.

audience with high standards. quite nerve-racking. There are

:25:17.:25:21.

people sitting with scores on their laps, turning the pages as you sing

:25:21.:25:30.

the song. Which is rather off- putting! I have been here for 18

:25:30.:25:40.
:25:40.:25:42.

years. Beautiful theatre. Let me show you the orchestra pit. The

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fascinating piece of the Buxton Opera house. On this tour, a

:25:47.:25:52.

glimpse of the effort and the passion in this the centenary year

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of -- of the death of the composer WS Gilbert. It is a wonderful

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introduction. And also to English society. And of English Umar. --

:26:10.:26:19.

English humour. So 50 casts, some young, some not so young. All

:26:19.:26:29.
:26:29.:26:34.

nations, are all far operas deeply Victorian and very, very English.

:26:34.:26:38.

Andy reminder now of her main news: The deposed Egyptian President and

:26:38.:26:42.

his two sons have pleaded not guilty during their first court

:26:42.:26:46.

appearance in Cairo on charges of corruption and ordering the killing

:26:46.:26:51.

of hundreds of demonstrators. That is it from the programme. The

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:04.

Hello, that was the last of the hot and humid days. Rain will push away

:27:04.:27:08.

that humidity, bringing the temperature down. Some of the rain

:27:08.:27:15.

will be on the heavy side. With that rain for tomorrow, heaviest

:27:15.:27:23.

across southern areas, as much as 25 mm in places. That rain clearing

:27:23.:27:27.

away from Western Areas with some sunshine following. The rain

:27:27.:27:31.

pushing further east as we go through the day. This is the

:27:32.:27:34.

picture for four o'clock in the afternoon. You can see the bright

:27:34.:27:39.

colours indicating the intense downpours. The rain clearing away

:27:39.:27:44.

from London at this stage. Behind the rain, brighter skies follow. In

:27:44.:27:48.

some sunshine, some decent temperatures for the afternoon.

:27:48.:27:52.

Getting to the low twenties in some places. There will be a fresher

:27:52.:28:00.

feel to the weather. Still a violent end to the day. -- still a

:28:00.:28:06.

fine end to the day. 20 degrees and Belfast. The main pushers on to

:28:06.:28:10.

Northern Scotland where it will be quite heavy. It will hang around as

:28:10.:28:17.

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