10/08/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me David Eades. Water cannon and


baton rounds - Britain's Prime Minister says the fightback is on.


After four nights of violence, more than a thousand people are under


arrest. Police are promised whatever they need.


Restoring a stronger sense of responsibility across our society,


in every town, in every street, in every estate, is something I'm


determined to do. As David Cameron bemoans a lack of


responsibility, Parliament reconvenes tomorrow for an


emergency debate. But what can politicians do if the problem is a


moral one? US forces in Afghanistan say the


Taliban insurgents who shot down an American helicopter on Saturday


have been killed. A glimpse of life in the world's


largest refugee camp - we explore the link between aid and the


economy of Dadaab in Kenya. Back to the future at the


Roundhouse - we'll walk you through a performance where the spectator


Welcome to the programme. The day after rioting spread from London to


other major English cities, David Cameron has promised to do whatever


necessary to restore law and order. Plans are in place to provide the


police with water cannon if needed and baton rounds had been


authorised - plastic bullets. 1,000 people have been arrested across


the country and many people are to be tracked down as the police


lookout CCTV pictures. Last night, three Birmingham man from the Asian


community were killed in a hit and run. A man has been arrested on


suspicion of murder. As the rioting has spread, people


are wondering what to do it to defend themselves if necessary. In


Birmingham, three young Asian men were trying to protect the area


when they were run down by a car and killed. A murder inquiry has


been launched. The car came flying down, took out three of the guys.


They flew into the air and landed and it was gone off. It was over in


seven seconds. Three of them were in hospital. The local community


say there should have been more police in Birmingham overnight.


This man's son was one of the victims. He was trying to help his


community and he has been killed. He was a very well liked boy. I


cannot describe to any body what it feels like to lose your son.


police had been at full stretch in different parts of the Midlands and


there have been more than 300 arrests. I do not feel in any need


to ask for a different and additional resource. What I do need,


is the additional police officers because of the geography of what


we're dealing with. We need to make sure that I can offer at the same


reassurance to people and Wolverhampton, Sandwell, West


Bromwich, as I can in Birmingham. To do that, I need enough officers


to go across the hall for us. Manchester, there were battles for


I was with the police and there was looting which the police were


unable to stop. This was not a protest, it had been criminal


behaviour, the worst seen on this scale. Looking at the damage today,


local people voiced their shock. is quite scary. We sat last night


and watched everywhere that we live and work getting completely trashed.


A few of us came into day and it's horrible, really horrible.


already, the clean-up has begun. Volunteers came on to the streets


of Manchester to show pride in their city. Manchester has dealt


with a lot, we had rioting, bombings, but it is important that


we come together to show what Manchester is about, the true


spirit of Manchester. They are destroying the city and it's just


not right, really. That is why we're here today. There is still


anxiety about what happens next. The police say they are ready, but


the events of the last few days have caught everyone by surprise.


Staying with Manchester, footage has emerged showing the police in


the city confronting suspected looters on the streets. This video


was posted on YouTube and was filmed near Manchester Piccadilly


station, an area where the BBC say there was trouble last night. We do


not know when it was taken or the context leading to this particular


instance. Fairly graphic example of the police response to one


individual in particular. The police have not yet commented on


this footage. David Cameron says a more robust


response to the writing is working with more her breasts and


prosecutions. -- the riots. He says there is a lack of responsibility


in society and he has vowed to restore it standards and values.


Nick Robinson has been with the Prime Minister in the West Midlands


Today and sent this report. Taken now, don't pay later. This


was Wolverhampton last night. They lined up to clean out this family


electrical store having first robbed and assaulted at sauna.


Abbas frightened for my life. -- I was frightened. One of them grabbed


to be by the neck and I was frightened. David Cameron promised


him and other retailers at tougher police response. Earlier, the Prime


Minister presented himself as the leader of a new moral hammy that


would stand up against what he called the worst of Britain.


moral army. We needed a fight back and a fight back is under way. We


have seen the worst are Britain, but we have also seen some of the


best of Britain. The millions of people that signed up to support


the police on Facebook and communities coming together to


clean up. There is no room for complacency. There is much more to


be done. He promised more robust policing using water cannon and


rubber bullets if necessary. There are pockets of the society better


not just broken, but frankly sick. When we see children as then as 12


and 13 looting and laughing, on the seabed disgusting sight of an


injured young man with people pretending to help them when they


are robbing him, it is clear that there are things badly wrong in


society. He did not go risk walking through the city on edge where


groups of young people gathered menacingly and work the police move


in at the first sign of trouble. Wolverhampton is still living in


fear tonight. Arrests on the streets and shops that have closed


early in order to avoid another night that people fear might bring


more trouble. The Labour leader Ed Miliband took to the streets of


Manchester. For now, political leaders are speaking with one voice


about what has gone wrong. We must not have a situation where there


are people that think it is OK to go out and commit that kind of acts


we have seen. I do not want my children to grow all been a country


where people think it is OK to do that. -- to grow up in a country.


We have responsibility to make sure that we do not see these kind of


events repeated. Back in Wolverhampton, they are preparing


for the worst tonight. Businesses have closed early and boarded


themselves up. Police have been brought in and people are staying


at home. Except those that roam the streets.


There remains a real question over the reasons behind the loosing and


the rioting. People believe there is little sign of local figureheads


bringing order back into their communities let alone stopping the


disorder in the first place. What is the best way to manage the


situation? Am joined by Professor Marion Fitzgerald, a professor of


criminology and a former consultant for the police force. Also, Jeffrey


Butts, from John Jay College of Criminal Justice City University of


New York. Thank you. Marion, if I can start with you, David Cameron


has said he is in charge and he will deal with it, he see the right


person? Should it be at the top of the treat for the grassroots?


problem is, Prime Ministers have to say this. He came back from his


holiday and looks to be in charge. He is recommending measures that


the police don't appear to want. There is the danger that


politicians at national level that have no understanding of these


local situations will start to come had with these statements. In order


to sand tough and in order to above all appealed to sections of the


electorate that they depend on to bring them back into office. These


people are appalled by what they see on TV even they are in affected


by them. There should be dry come to respond to these situations? --


where shared? Local politicians, and I mean MPs because the local


state is relatively weak, local MPs that represent those areas for a


long time are reasonably in touch with what is going on. They watch


things developing. Unfortunately, a lot of the current government does


not represent these kind of areas. Rather than having a circus are


people going around staging consultation events after the horse


has bolted, you need to tap into local knowledge and people that


work with young people and people that no young people and will work


with them over a long time and to sort out from them what is going on


rather than stage-manager consultation event. Jeffrey Butts,


if this was going on in New York as opposed to London, who would run


the show now? Jeffrey Butts, can you hear me? We seem to have


problems with Jeffrey Butts, let me come back to you, Marion, given


what you have said, can you see a way where local community leaders,


perhaps driven by MPs can come to get their and regain initiative? --


can come together. You have to understand the situation in the


United States is very different. There is a federal system where the


local state can raise taxes and has more autonomy and control. The


politicisation of the police is something that worries me and I am


worried about going down this road. As the notion of community leaders,


this comes into play when we talk about ethnic minorities. Backed


away colonial approach, take me to your leader, we have been led up


the garden path at times, we need to be talking to the people that


know what young people are feeling. I don't think there are many people


there that would stand up and say my local leader is my MP. No, MPs


are not local leaders, but there are people that don't see


themselves as leaders but have a finger on the pulse of what is


going on on the ground and had that has developed over time. There is a


network including police officers and safer neighbourhood teams,


officers on the ground, back together, can give in authentic


picture of those locally specific situations where the Government


needs to look at this rather than going for slogans. Is the great


potential to do this. The police will say we have no resources we


cannot be community operas as well as an forces. Where will the


impetus come from? We mean informing government policy and


some measure of understanding from the people on the ground that know


what the situation is and what the problems are and what to do about


it, as opposed to knee-jerk solutions that will appeal to


certain sections of the electorate and which make even forfeit taking


measures necessary if it is likely to be unpopular with the electorate.


There are also long-standing problems on the problem is,


politicians looking at the short term are not up for situations that


will not turn around overnight. We are talking about generational


problems in many areas and politicians are not necessarily


interested in investing in a time where resources are short in long-


term measures that will turn this around. Thank you. Apologies for


using Jeffrey Butts at the start of The commander of US forces in


Afghanistan says the Taliban insurgents who shot down a US


helicopter on Saturday have been killed. There's been no word from


the Taliban on the incident. A statement by the International


Security Assistance Force says there were "multiple intelligence


leads and tips from local citizens" about the identity of those who


shot down the Chinook - killing all 38 on board. From Washington, Steve


Kingstone reports. The final homecoming. A military


transport plane touches down at Dover Air Force Base, bearing the


remains of 30 American soldiers, most of them a lead Special forces.


A sobering moment for the Commander in Chief, who would spend more than


an hour in private with grieving families before saluting the dead.


Together, the single biggest loss of life in America's longest wall.


In the mountains of Wardak province, investigators have sealed off the


crash site while the wreckage of the downed helicopter is retrieved.


Today, the Americans made a point of revealing that those responsible


have themselves been killed. A poll so many midnight on 8th August, the


coalition forces killed the Taliban in surgeons responsible for this


attack against the helicopter, which process was an RPG round.


This does not ease are lost, but we must and we will continue to run


and thus to pursue the enemy. All across Afghanistan, the insurgents


are losing. The general said two insurgents were killed by an air


strike. Later, the Taliban insisted the man who had fired upon the


Chinook was a live and already fighting elsewhere. 22 of the


American dead when AVCs seals from the same unit that killed Osama Bin


Laden. They operate in the shadows, but in death some are being


remembered publicly the stock Alan Vaughn was 30 and a father of two.


I heard the door bell ring and I thought it was just a neighbour. I


came upstairs and I saw my father opening the door and then coming


inside in uniform and I just fell to my knees. The energy, everything


just drops out of you and I just remember saying, no. Some are


asking why the Navy SEALs were asked to make such a vulnerable


landing given that American lives were not under threat on the ground.


Special forces are likely to play an even greater role in the war as


the President shrinks by 10,000 the overall troop numbers by the end of


the year. These deaths have posed new questions about the


Afghanistan's tragedy at a time when the President is desperate to


focus on matters here at home. But it may not be a turning point


because many Americans had already concluded the war is unwinnable.


There is a new warning today on the drought in the Horn of Africa. The


latest assessment by a network of experts is that it will last for a


few months more. Already the harsh conditions in Somalia have seen


116,000 people flee into neighbouring Kenya since the


beginning of the year. This latest influx has put a strain on the


refugee camp at Dadaab - already home to 300,000 Somalis who fled


drought and civil war in the 1980s. As George Alagiah reports, 20 years


of aid to the refugees has raised For a few hours every day, the


children on section M6 can pretend they are like children everywhere.


The play room cocoons them from a harsh world. The Make believe


houses they built Ari million miles from their reality. And the country


-- in the country -- and the country well-meaning aid workers


encourage them to believe is largely fiction. In fact, Abdullahe


and his brother Bushar were born here and never went to Somalia.


Their parents left the country 20 years ago.


Would you like to go to Somalia? The answer is No. Their parents say


it is a bad place. This massive aid operation sustains 300,000 people


who fled the Somali conflict of the 1990s, and they have never gone


back. They need help, but they are not starving. Three out of every


four people you see in the camp have got nothing to do with the


current crisis. In some cases, they have been collecting their rations


like this for a decade and more. It is a graphic reminder that there is


a much deeper problem at work than this year's drought on loan. -- a


loan. It begs a question. Is all this aid solving a problem or


simply prolonging it? This man, who has been years since 1992 has an


answer, though it is not one for the faint-hearted. -- this woman.


TRANSLATION: Let the eight bees stop -- let the eight be stopped,


then we will have to go back home. Some will die but we will find a


solution. Over the years compart some Dadaab refugee camp have begun


to look more and more like a town. There are markets, mechanics, even


a juice maker. It has its own economy driven in part by the aid


that flows in. Effigies sell a part of their Russian and spend what


they get at one shop with other traders. -- Refugees sell a part of


their rations. TRANSLATION: Of course it would be better to own a


business in our own country. But there is a war going on in Somalia.


And the failure to solve Somalia's deep-seated crisis drives a new


generation across the border. Another book -- mother building


another shelter in this no-man's land of hopelessness.


Police in Karachi admits nearly 60 arrester crackdown on ethnic


violence. The Pakistani city has a population of 18 million, of which


around a third of Pashtun migrants from the Terblanche north-west.


Their differences are with the Urdu-speaking majority. The


violence has killed an estimated 300 people in the past month.


These people are trying to come to terms with the violence that has


suddenly changed their lives. Over recent weeks, people from the area


have been killed just because of their ethnicity. This man tells us


how this 16-year-old brother was abducted while selling sunglasses.


His body was found hours later. He had been tortured and shot. This


man's brother has also been killed. He takes us has close as he dares


to what has become a new battle zone. This is a community of ethnic


Pashtuns, originally from north- west Pakistan. Across the main road


is an area where a community of reduced because lives. He says they


have often been fired on by gunmen positioned on the routes there. And


over the last two months, front lines like that have opened up


across this vast city. The two ethnic groups, Pashtun is and Urdu


speakers driven by the political parties that claim to represent


them and are now engaged in a fierce fight over control of


Karachi. It is a fight that is -- has often pitted neighbour against


neighbour. For this household, the armed attackers came from next door.


They broke down this wall and then the gunmen are streamed into the


home. They terrorised the family and looted the place as well. The


family fled as it came under gunfire. It can see the Pollitt


holes up the wall. Then the home was set on fire and all this


because these neighbours were from different ethnic groups. In this


area it is the Urdu speakers who say they are being targeted by a


Pashtuns. The two describe how they have come under fire from gunmen in


the neighbouring air -- area up on the whole. This Thirteen-year-old


were shot in the legs by a Pashtun sniper as she tried to take a


younger brother and sister to safety. Children here have to learn


quickly about the ethnic divide. TRANSLATION: Are people cannot go


into their area and their people cannot come into ours. This is how


it has become. They hate it has grown so much that our children now


don't want to meet people from that side. As more areas get marked out


by the group they belonged to, there is a fear of much more


bloodletting to come. A new way of seeing art - a chance


to actually walk through the canvas. That's the idea of the


international designer Ron Arad. He's constructed a giant circular


screen out of thousands of rods for London's Roundhouse and a season of


video and stage performances. David It is when the curtain falls that


the show begins. This circular screen made of 5600 silicon rods


was produced by one of the superstars of international design,


Ron Arad. It would form the centrepiece for a series of


installation videos and concerts. It has interactive element. You can


touch the curtain, you can go in, you can go out. The idea was to do


something that will allow people to be more than just a passive


spectator. Some people will be completely taken by the content and


they won't care much about the sculpture or the installation. Some


other people will just maybe miss some of the content and will be


thrilled by the sculptural spatial installation. His Curtain Call


takes the round House back to its creative agitprop beginnings of the


1960s. It offers the audience a chance to be part of the


experimental. Mat Collishaw invites us for a trek through a tropical


video landscape poisoned by disease. The fact that there were hanging 10


drawls that the curtain consisted of these, lent itself to the idea


that you could be walking through a tropical environment where you had


the Leeds and various forms of plant life hanging and you were


walking through these creepers as you went through it. So that lent


itself quite what to my project. Damn it accompanied by the sound of


drums, which were kind of suggesting that maybe there was


some great sin going on, that we had disturbed our ancestors in some


kind of way and that there was a spirit coming back to haunt us.


it is a challenging backdrop of live musical performance as well.


don't hold with the whole thing of people saying classical music is


for more. It is not. But moving to a new venue with new surroundings


and this amazing installation will certainly throw some light on the


performance of Bach and Britain. The Curtain Call Project ignores


the ideas and restrictions of the fine art world. It allows us to


walk through the artist's computerised canvas.


It's different. A reminder of our main news. The British Prime


Minister David Cameron has promised that the police will get all the


resources they need to prevent further rioting and looting after


four night of violence in English cities. He said a fightback is


under way. More than 800 suspects have been arrested in London,


hundreds more elsewhere, with Mr Cameron promising they will be more


arrests to follow, courtesy of CCTV images, which the police are still


working their way through. That's all from the programme. Next


the weather. But for now from me, David Eades, and the rest of the


It was dry across southern parts of the United Kingdom today, but


further north there was a lot of rain. It is central Scotland


bearing the brunt of the heavy and persistent rain. There is a net of


his amber warning for rain. Be prepared for the risk of stream and


river flooding as the rain continues. An area of low pressure.


Further rain into Thursday across central Scotland. There will be a


band of rain across southern areas. Still very breezy across northern


England. Early rain will give way to a few breaks in the cloud across


north-east England in the afternoon and an area of showers speeding


across south-eastern areas behind that area Rana moves through during


the morning. A lot of cloud elsewhere across England and Wales.


Some breaks from time to time. A muddy field to the weather, breezy,


and every now and then you will get a pulse of rain and showers. For


Northern Ireland, a good deal of cloud around to begin the day but


hints of brightness developing later on. But it is dull rainy


across the central swath of Scotland. A wet day to come in


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