15/08/2011 World News Today


15/08/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Could it really

:00:10.:00:15.

be the end game this time in Libya? Reports of talks between the two

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sides in the conflict in Tunisia and a senior Libyan minister goes

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Rebels claim they've taken two key towns and cut a vital supply route

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to the capital Tripoli. A society in moral collapse, so

:00:33.:00:36.

says David Cameron after last week's riots in England. We ask,

:00:36.:00:44.

how broken is Britain? This must be a wake-up call for our

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country. Social problems that have been festering for decades have

:00:47.:00:51.

exploded in our face. A shock shake-up for the mobile

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phone industry. Internet giant Google buys Motorola Mobility for

:00:54.:01:03.

$12.5 billion. Tough talk in Malawi as the

:01:03.:01:13.
:01:13.:01:15.

president tries to prevent more anti-government protests. We are

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concerned about injustice. A message that spans generations.

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The son of Nigerian musician and activist Fela Kuti tells us why his

:01:25.:01:34.

Hello and welcome. Colonel Gaddafi has in the past 24 hours urged

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Libyans to free the country from what he called traitors as rebels

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began to tighten the noose on a major lifeline to Tripoli.

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According to social network sites, talks have been taking place

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between pro and anti Gaddafi forces in neighbouring Tunisia. And

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Egyptian officials confirmed that the Libyan Interior Minister had

:01:51.:01:54.

arrived in Cairo with several members of his family in what could

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be a defection. Diplomatic to end the fighting appear to have been

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set aside. Talks between the two sites have been taken place in the

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tree is sent out of Djerba. -- had been taking place in the Tunisian

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town of Djerba. Matthew Price reports from Tripoli.

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The power cuts are taking their toll. Tripoli is starting to feel

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like a city under pressure. This family show me their certificates.

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I am ready to take up a gun, to defend my country and Colonel

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Gaddafi who has done so much good for us.

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A outside, Gaddafi's agents were on alert. As we left, we and our

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government minders were stopped. The took are there the -- the took

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our Libyan permits. This checkpoint is manned by local people. There

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are similar checkpoints right the way across Tripoli during the night.

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It is not normal, it is because of the war. It is a sign of the

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tensions in the Libyan capital just now. This has only increased the

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tension. 30 miles to the West, rebel forces are celebrating an

:03:13.:03:19.

advance on so we are. The opposition feels the momentum is

:03:19.:03:26.

finally with them. -- Zawiya. But how much are they hold and how long

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they can hold it for is unclear. Libyan a state television showed

:03:31.:03:40.

that -- showed crowds cheering as Colonel Gaddafi addressed them. He

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called on her supporters to prepare for the fight, cleanse the country

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he said, the blood of martyrs will fuel the battle. Out in the

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desolate housing estates of eastern Tripoli, the mood was different.

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They were worried about our cameras so be blurred the pictures. Gaddafi,

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no. This man told me Colonel Gaddafi must go. Listen to this

:04:08.:04:18.
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man's anger. We hate Gaddafi here. Everyone hates them. The rebels are

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closer to Tripoli than ever. The army will fight back. This war may

:04:24.:04:34.
:04:34.:04:36.

So after six months and to-ing and fro-ing, it seems the momentum is

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now with the rebels and they claim the net is drawing closer around

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Colonel Gaddafi. The crisis began six months ago, when rebels took

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control of several cities, including Libya's second city

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Benghazi. Soon after they declared themselves the sole representative

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of Libya and were first recognised by France. The UN authorised

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military action to protect civilians. French, US and British

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forces carry out air strikes against government forces.

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As NATO takes over formal control of military operations the conflict

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is dominated by advance and retreat battles between the rebels, mainly

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in the east, and Gaddafi forces in the west.

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The stalemate continues with four months of fighting as the two sides

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trade control of the coastal towns of Ras Lanuf, Brega, Bin Jawad,

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Ajdabiya and Misrata. The rebels now say they have taken

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the towns of Gharyan and Zawiyah near Tripoli, cutting a key supply

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route for Gaddafi's forces. With me now from Washington is

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Libya expert Mary-Jane Deeb. She's authored two books on the country

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and is currently writing a book on the Arab Spring.

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Would you hazard a guess, is it the end game this time? I am not sure

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if it is the endgame, but there are certainly, the rebels are certainly

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gaining momentum and moving forward. I know it has been going back and

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forth, but Tripoli has never been more vulnerable than it is today.

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What about these talks that apparently are going on in Tunisia

:06:24.:06:34.
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between the two side? The talks have to deal with his use of

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withdrawal, of compromise -- with issues of withdrawal, of compromise.

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But the end game it will be on the ground, militarily. What about this

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possible defection, the Libyan Interior Minister going to Cairo

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with nine members of his family are? It would suggest a possible

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:07:11.:07:11.

defection. There has been significant defections. Remember

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the man who left for England early on? Ambassadors of the around

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Europe have defected as well. -- ambassadors at throughout Europe.

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Yes, gradually a -- gradually, people are seeing the rioting on

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the wall and leaving Colonel Gaddafi. And how will the pressure

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:07:54.:07:54.

be renewed on Gaddafi? At this point, despite the fact that the

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rebels are much stronger and better organised and have fought for six

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months, and so have no more experience, they still be the cover

:08:08.:08:18.
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of NATO. -- at the still need the cover.

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A broken society, an Asian -- this nation is a moral collapse. That is

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how the Prime Minister David Cameron described Britain. He

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promised tough action to prevent of last week's rioting in England.

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Social problems have been festering for decades. Today, just as people

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wanted criminals robustly confronted on our streets, they

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want to see these social problems are taken on and defeated. We must

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have a social fight back. We must fight back against the attitudes

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and assumptions that have brought parts of our society to this

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shocking state. We know what has gone wrong, do we have the

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determination to put it right? Do we have the determination to

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confront the slow-motion moral collapse that has taken place in

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parts of our country? Irresponsibility, selfishness,

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behaving as if you choices have no consequences, children without

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fathers, rights without responsibilities, reward without

:09:25.:09:35.
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effort, crime without punishment, communities left a vulnerable.

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leader of the Labour Party was also speaking today. He accused David

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Cameron of making a knee-jerk response to the rights. Instant and

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simple judgement and response to the sorts of event bring bad

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solutions. The public says that we want quick action, but a knee-jerk

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gimmicks that have not been thought through, will not solve the problem.

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Let's be honest about the politician's instincts. Appoint an

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year adviser, -- appoint a new adviser. We have heard about water

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:10:31.:10:31.

canons, Super cops, a delay knock at the door for gangs. His modern

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Britain and a broken society, and what can be done about it? Joining

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us from North Yorkshire via webcam is author and former vicar GP

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Taylor. With me is Nick Wilkie from London Youth.

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Are the social issues that have to be dealt with properly? I think

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that the person who has got this right is David Cameron. He is

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looking at society with a big over you. Ed Miliband is trying to score

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points. I am seeing agree sea- change in our young people in this

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country. -- a great sea-change. They are being influenced by it

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things coming at them from other countries. Especially the gangster

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culture from America. It is making deep inroads in how they relate to

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people in their communities. They are literally changing. I have seen

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it as a policeman. From around 1987 when corporal punishment was

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stopped in schools, I have seen the change in the behaviour of young

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people to the situation we are in today. I have been in the front

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line in riots. I was involved in the Brixton riots because there

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were happening around my house. And I do feel we are going through a

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period, not a complete at Moro -- not of complete moral decline, but

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a falling away from moral purpose. You heard that, is he right? Does

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that sound like modern Britain to you? At the risk of sounding

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irritating and platitudinous, there is a risk that people say broadly

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the same things will trying to disagree. Clearly, some things have

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gone badly wrong. In part, that is about individuals making wrong

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:12:52.:12:52.

choices. I am very open to the idea that there is a decline in the

:12:52.:13:02.

community, in family. These things are all true. But is this just

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about young people? Politicians fiddling expenses, is it all part

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of a wider decline? What we have seen in the last week has not been

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perpetrated by all young people. I think it is true that behaviour has

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declined in a variety of ways across society. We have to be

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careful of harking back to a golden age will probably never was. But

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the idea of being hard on perpetrators, that is in no we

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intention to with the idea that we took listened calmly and with

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humility to have committees feel -- to how communities fail. So things

:13:47.:13:57.
:13:57.:13:57.

like cutting benefits and evicting people who have done wrong? If your

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a teenager has been rioting, is it sensible to kick their younger

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siblings out of the home? It does not seem a sensible. How do you

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deal with it? Is a victim families the right thing to do? I do not

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think evicting people from social housing is the right thing. What

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David Cameron has to do is to start to go to the people that really

:14:29.:14:39.
:14:39.:14:40.

matter. He should be going to the father of one of those young men

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killed in Birmingham. He talk sense this weekend. -- he talked for his

:14:52.:15:02.
:15:02.:15:03.

committee. -- community. People want to see safe in their houses.

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They want to see discipline returning to schools. They want

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respect from young people. They want young people to take a full

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part in their own communities. We left and a wonderful community and

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What do you think the Government should do? They should listen

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calmly. It is true behaviours need to be tackled. It is also true

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colleagues who work directly with gangs, and who I work with on a

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day-to-day basis, their greatest weapons against gang culture is

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education and opportunities. Now a look at some of the days

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other news. A series of bomb attacks have hit

:15:48.:15:51.

cities across Iraq killing more than 60 people. The worst was in

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the city of Kut. It's the worst violence since Iraqi politicians

:15:54.:15:57.

said they'd hold negotiations over whether a small number of US troops

:15:57.:16:00.

might stay on after the deadline for their departure at the end of

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the year. The former Egyptian president,

:16:03.:16:06.

Hosni Mubarak, has appeared in court in Cairo again to face

:16:06.:16:08.

charges of corruption and ordering the killing of hundreds of

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protesters in the uprising earlier this year. Mr Mubarak was brought

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in, in a hospital bed and placed inside a cage in the dock. He was

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accompanied by his two sons. The judge has now adjourned the hearing

:16:22.:16:25.

for three weeks and ruled that proceedings will no longer be

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televised. At least 200 tonnes of oil may have

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leaked into the North Sea off Scotland following an oil spill

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from a ruptured pipeline last week. Shell says the leak, which took

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place 112 miles east of Aberdeen, is a significant spill in the

:16:38.:16:48.
:16:48.:16:52.

context of the North Sea but believes it is under control.

:16:52.:16:55.

Google, the company famous for its internet search engine shocked the

:16:55.:16:58.

technology industry today by paying $12.5 billion in cash for the phone

:16:58.:17:00.

company Motorola Mobility. Now Google can design both the software

:17:00.:17:04.

and phones that run it - something its rival Apple has already done to

:17:04.:17:06.

its advantage with the iPhone. Our technology correspondent Rory

:17:06.:17:15.

Cellan Jones reports. It was the company that produced

:17:15.:17:20.

the world's first modern mobile phone, but Motorola's glory days

:17:20.:17:25.

are gone, its phones overtaken by the likes of Apple and Samsung. Now

:17:25.:17:30.

it is part of Google which is becoming the fastest growing force

:17:30.:17:34.

in the mobile world. Its Android operating system powers more smart

:17:35.:17:41.

phones than any other software. Motorola is just one among many

:17:41.:17:46.

manufacturers who depend upon it. Android is also used on tablets

:17:46.:17:51.

computers. Now, Google is making itself a force in hardware as well

:17:51.:17:56.

as software, just like its great rival. At the moment, Apple can

:17:56.:18:00.

come up with an idea, it can build it, make the software and sell it

:18:00.:18:05.

in its own retail stores. If Google can emulate the same model, it

:18:05.:18:09.

doesn't have to go at side the family and talk to a third party to

:18:09.:18:14.

get something done. Motorola might only have a tiny share of the

:18:15.:18:19.

handset market, but Google has its eye on something different.

:18:19.:18:24.

huge stock of paint since the company has accumulated. They have

:18:24.:18:29.

become a vital weapon in the battle for supremacy in the mobile market.

:18:29.:18:37.

Last month, patterns going back years from Nortel was snapped up by

:18:37.:18:43.

Apple, Microsoft and the owners of blackberry. Google lost out in the

:18:43.:18:48.

auction and made it clear today acquiring Motorola will help Dick

:18:48.:18:53.

Shaw up its defences in the battle for mobile phone supremacy. While

:18:53.:18:58.

Android has raced to the top of the mobile phone League, Apple makes

:18:58.:19:04.

more from its mobile phone. Google has changed the landscape and its

:19:04.:19:08.

rivals will be watching nervously to see what happens next.

:19:08.:19:11.

The southern African state of Malawi has been experiencing the

:19:11.:19:13.

kind of protests most latterly associated with the Arab street.

:19:13.:19:16.

Opponents of the President Bingu Wa Mutharika have given him an

:19:16.:19:19.

ultimatum to address their concerns or they've said they'll carry out a

:19:19.:19:22.

nationwide protest on Wednesday. They're calling for an improvement

:19:22.:19:27.

in the standard of living and human rights. Last month 19 people were

:19:27.:19:30.

killed when police opened fire after days of protests. Bilkisu

:19:30.:19:32.

Labaran from the BBC's African Service reports now on the problems

:19:32.:19:42.
:19:42.:19:49.

An for this housewife, the daily struggle of fetching water is

:19:49.:19:51.

nothing compared to feeding her family.

:19:51.:20:00.

She lives on just $2 a day and so do 90% of the population. The

:20:00.:20:04.

economy is driven by agriculture. Food here is bound to fall, but for

:20:04.:20:10.

nearly a decade, prices have risen at an average of 11% annually. Many

:20:11.:20:14.

people can barely afford the food they sell and produce and the

:20:14.:20:18.

people blame it all on mismanagement by the Government of

:20:18.:20:27.

Bingu wa Mutharika. The frustration finally boiled over when hundreds

:20:27.:20:31.

of anti-government demonstrators poured out onto the streets of the

:20:31.:20:36.

country's major cities last month. They demanded the resignation of

:20:36.:20:40.

the President. But the Government's response was heavy handed. Anti-

:20:40.:20:46.

riot police quashed the protests. By the time calm was restored, at

:20:46.:20:53.

least 18 people had been killed. The President was democratically

:20:53.:20:58.

elected in 2004 with 36% of the vote. A former World Bank economist

:20:58.:21:02.

he was credited with stabilising inflation. But his second term has

:21:02.:21:07.

been troubled, as the economy tumbles his rule became more

:21:07.:21:16.

autocratic. He wanted to run in a democracy, a

:21:16.:21:23.

type of regime. An authoritarian Government style. That has made the

:21:23.:21:27.

people angry. The international community has reacted swiftly to

:21:27.:21:34.

the President's clampdown. The UK, US or the you have all either cut

:21:34.:21:40.

direct aid to Malawi or delayed it. Bum The Lowry relies heavily on

:21:40.:21:43.

foreign aid and it accounts for more than 40% of the Government's

:21:43.:21:50.

income. We are in a situation with our partner countries, we expect

:21:50.:21:53.

them to stay to their commitments, Democratic rights and good

:21:53.:21:57.

governance. In the events of 20th July were protesters were fired

:21:57.:22:03.

upon, Media was restricted and it is in direct contradiction to the

:22:03.:22:07.

principles we expect them to uphold. At the Malawi High Commission in

:22:07.:22:11.

London, there is very little diplomatic activity. Three months

:22:11.:22:15.

ago the British High Commissioner to allow a accused of President

:22:15.:22:20.

Bingu wa Mutharika of being autocratic, combative and

:22:20.:22:24.

intolerance of criticism. The diplomatic tit-for-tat expulsions

:22:24.:22:32.

that followed have pushed relations to near breaking point. But, with

:22:32.:22:37.

the President of remaining defiant, and the International stalemate,

:22:37.:22:40.

the future could be difficult. The late Nigerian signer, Fela Kuti,

:22:40.:22:44.

was one of Africa's most colourful and influential musicians. He

:22:44.:22:49.

pioneered the infectious Afrobeat sound in the 1970s. He was also a

:22:49.:22:51.

political icon in Nigeria, where he fought against government

:22:51.:22:55.

corruption. For the last three years, his life has been depicted

:22:55.:23:01.

in a hugely popular show on Broadway, in London and in Lagos.

:23:01.:23:04.

Fela's son, Femi Kuti, who's a musician himself, has been in the

:23:04.:23:07.

UK for the latest run of the musical at the Sadler's Wells

:23:07.:23:17.
:23:17.:23:20.

theatre. Kathy Harcombe went to meet him.

:23:20.:23:25.

He never compromised the truth. He stood no matter what. Mysore him

:23:25.:23:31.

many times, say to the police, shoot me, kill me. I was scared,

:23:31.:23:41.
:23:41.:23:45.

and they could not understand why he got the courage to say "kill me".

:23:45.:23:50.

Your father paid a high price for his beliefs, he was arrested 200

:23:50.:23:55.

times? Jailed several times, do you think it was worth it? Yes, it is

:23:55.:24:01.

about mankind. It is about freedom of speech, about justice. It is

:24:01.:24:07.

against corruption. It is about the ills of what governments do to

:24:07.:24:13.

their people. So, the bigger picture wasn't about my father, he

:24:13.:24:18.

is just one of the many fighters that has given people like me the

:24:18.:24:25.

courage to stand firm and not compromise the truth. For this, I

:24:26.:24:35.
:24:36.:24:41.

am proud my father never compromised. How did you feel when

:24:41.:24:46.

you first saw it on Broadway? could not stop crying, it took me

:24:46.:24:52.

back I was so impressed. I went on stage and I thank them. I thank

:24:52.:24:55.

them so many times and I keep thanking them. At that time I felt

:24:55.:25:05.

very lonely. When I saw the play it opened up so many avenues. This

:25:05.:25:15.
:25:15.:25:16.

battle is not lost. In America,, I have been doing this for five years

:25:16.:25:23.

and I am taking it all over the world. When it came to Nigeria, I

:25:23.:25:29.

think that it was the biggest achievement. On this fight, the

:25:29.:25:35.

struggle, it was a slap on the face of the Nigerian authorities. The

:25:35.:25:41.

same people who are running for presidency of one of the four from

:25:41.:25:49.

fighters in the PDP, all of the same political bigwigs are still on

:25:49.:25:58.

the political scene. -- front runners. What they have achieved in

:25:59.:26:03.

14 years Democratic rule, we still have no electricity, Nigeria is

:26:03.:26:07.

still poor. We cannot give our children a good education,

:26:07.:26:17.
:26:17.:26:20.

education is only for the very, very rich. I never get frustrated

:26:20.:26:25.

telling the story about my father because I love my father. I loved

:26:25.:26:30.

my father very much. I cannot explain how much I love and how

:26:30.:26:35.

much I am proud of my father. It is my duty to give this information to

:26:35.:26:41.

the best, as truthful as possible, to be as sincere as possible, no

:26:41.:26:47.

Fabrications, for the truth. Well that's all from the programme.

:26:47.:26:51.

Next the weather, but for now from me, Zeinab Badawi, and the rest of

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:07.

Much of the UK got away with a dry start. But it is a different day

:27:07.:27:11.

tomorrow. Cloudier compared with today and it is because of this low

:27:12.:27:16.

pressure. The weather front is with it as it continues north-east

:27:16.:27:20.

across the UK during Tuesday. The heaviest of the rain will be

:27:20.:27:27.

focused on Scotland, but elsewhere under cloudy skies, patchy rain and

:27:27.:27:33.

drizzle is possible. The North East England, given a few breaks in the

:27:33.:27:37.

cloud there may be some sharp showers in the afternoons. East

:27:37.:27:41.

Anglia and the South East, a few glimpses of some are possible, but

:27:41.:27:46.

it is cloudy and breezy with a passing drizzle from time to time.

:27:46.:27:52.

Similar picture into the south-west. Poor visibility into the hills. For

:27:52.:27:56.

Northern Ireland, there will be an improvement, gradually turning

:27:56.:28:01.

brighter. Sunshine edging in from the West. The eastern side last to

:28:01.:28:05.

see that. It may improve into south-west Scotland were elsewhere

:28:05.:28:09.

it is cloudy. This band of rain advancing across the North East in

:28:09.:28:16.

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