15/08/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Could it really


be the end game this time in Libya? Reports of talks between the two


sides in the conflict in Tunisia and a senior Libyan minister goes


Rebels claim they've taken two key towns and cut a vital supply route


to the capital Tripoli. A society in moral collapse, so


says David Cameron after last week's riots in England. We ask,


how broken is Britain? This must be a wake-up call for our


country. Social problems that have been festering for decades have


exploded in our face. A shock shake-up for the mobile


phone industry. Internet giant Google buys Motorola Mobility for


$12.5 billion. Tough talk in Malawi as the


president tries to prevent more anti-government protests. We are


concerned about injustice. A message that spans generations.


The son of Nigerian musician and activist Fela Kuti tells us why his


Hello and welcome. Colonel Gaddafi has in the past 24 hours urged


Libyans to free the country from what he called traitors as rebels


began to tighten the noose on a major lifeline to Tripoli.


According to social network sites, talks have been taking place


between pro and anti Gaddafi forces in neighbouring Tunisia. And


Egyptian officials confirmed that the Libyan Interior Minister had


arrived in Cairo with several members of his family in what could


be a defection. Diplomatic to end the fighting appear to have been


set aside. Talks between the two sites have been taken place in the


tree is sent out of Djerba. -- had been taking place in the Tunisian


town of Djerba. Matthew Price reports from Tripoli.


The power cuts are taking their toll. Tripoli is starting to feel


like a city under pressure. This family show me their certificates.


I am ready to take up a gun, to defend my country and Colonel


Gaddafi who has done so much good for us.


A outside, Gaddafi's agents were on alert. As we left, we and our


government minders were stopped. The took are there the -- the took


our Libyan permits. This checkpoint is manned by local people. There


are similar checkpoints right the way across Tripoli during the night.


It is not normal, it is because of the war. It is a sign of the


tensions in the Libyan capital just now. This has only increased the


tension. 30 miles to the West, rebel forces are celebrating an


advance on so we are. The opposition feels the momentum is


finally with them. -- Zawiya. But how much are they hold and how long


they can hold it for is unclear. Libyan a state television showed


that -- showed crowds cheering as Colonel Gaddafi addressed them. He


called on her supporters to prepare for the fight, cleanse the country


he said, the blood of martyrs will fuel the battle. Out in the


desolate housing estates of eastern Tripoli, the mood was different.


They were worried about our cameras so be blurred the pictures. Gaddafi,


no. This man told me Colonel Gaddafi must go. Listen to this


man's anger. We hate Gaddafi here. Everyone hates them. The rebels are


closer to Tripoli than ever. The army will fight back. This war may


So after six months and to-ing and fro-ing, it seems the momentum is


now with the rebels and they claim the net is drawing closer around


Colonel Gaddafi. The crisis began six months ago, when rebels took


control of several cities, including Libya's second city


Benghazi. Soon after they declared themselves the sole representative


of Libya and were first recognised by France. The UN authorised


military action to protect civilians. French, US and British


forces carry out air strikes against government forces.


As NATO takes over formal control of military operations the conflict


is dominated by advance and retreat battles between the rebels, mainly


in the east, and Gaddafi forces in the west.


The stalemate continues with four months of fighting as the two sides


trade control of the coastal towns of Ras Lanuf, Brega, Bin Jawad,


Ajdabiya and Misrata. The rebels now say they have taken


the towns of Gharyan and Zawiyah near Tripoli, cutting a key supply


route for Gaddafi's forces. With me now from Washington is


Libya expert Mary-Jane Deeb. She's authored two books on the country


and is currently writing a book on the Arab Spring.


Would you hazard a guess, is it the end game this time? I am not sure


if it is the endgame, but there are certainly, the rebels are certainly


gaining momentum and moving forward. I know it has been going back and


forth, but Tripoli has never been more vulnerable than it is today.


What about these talks that apparently are going on in Tunisia


between the two side? The talks have to deal with his use of


withdrawal, of compromise -- with issues of withdrawal, of compromise.


But the end game it will be on the ground, militarily. What about this


possible defection, the Libyan Interior Minister going to Cairo


with nine members of his family are? It would suggest a possible


defection. There has been significant defections. Remember


the man who left for England early on? Ambassadors of the around


Europe have defected as well. -- ambassadors at throughout Europe.


Yes, gradually a -- gradually, people are seeing the rioting on


the wall and leaving Colonel Gaddafi. And how will the pressure


be renewed on Gaddafi? At this point, despite the fact that the


rebels are much stronger and better organised and have fought for six


months, and so have no more experience, they still be the cover


of NATO. -- at the still need the cover.


A broken society, an Asian -- this nation is a moral collapse. That is


how the Prime Minister David Cameron described Britain. He


promised tough action to prevent of last week's rioting in England.


Social problems have been festering for decades. Today, just as people


wanted criminals robustly confronted on our streets, they


want to see these social problems are taken on and defeated. We must


have a social fight back. We must fight back against the attitudes


and assumptions that have brought parts of our society to this


shocking state. We know what has gone wrong, do we have the


determination to put it right? Do we have the determination to


confront the slow-motion moral collapse that has taken place in


parts of our country? Irresponsibility, selfishness,


behaving as if you choices have no consequences, children without


fathers, rights without responsibilities, reward without


effort, crime without punishment, communities left a vulnerable.


leader of the Labour Party was also speaking today. He accused David


Cameron of making a knee-jerk response to the rights. Instant and


simple judgement and response to the sorts of event bring bad


solutions. The public says that we want quick action, but a knee-jerk


gimmicks that have not been thought through, will not solve the problem.


Let's be honest about the politician's instincts. Appoint an


year adviser, -- appoint a new adviser. We have heard about water


canons, Super cops, a delay knock at the door for gangs. His modern


Britain and a broken society, and what can be done about it? Joining


us from North Yorkshire via webcam is author and former vicar GP


Taylor. With me is Nick Wilkie from London Youth.


Are the social issues that have to be dealt with properly? I think


that the person who has got this right is David Cameron. He is


looking at society with a big over you. Ed Miliband is trying to score


points. I am seeing agree sea- change in our young people in this


country. -- a great sea-change. They are being influenced by it


things coming at them from other countries. Especially the gangster


culture from America. It is making deep inroads in how they relate to


people in their communities. They are literally changing. I have seen


it as a policeman. From around 1987 when corporal punishment was


stopped in schools, I have seen the change in the behaviour of young


people to the situation we are in today. I have been in the front


line in riots. I was involved in the Brixton riots because there


were happening around my house. And I do feel we are going through a


period, not a complete at Moro -- not of complete moral decline, but


a falling away from moral purpose. You heard that, is he right? Does


that sound like modern Britain to you? At the risk of sounding


irritating and platitudinous, there is a risk that people say broadly


the same things will trying to disagree. Clearly, some things have


gone badly wrong. In part, that is about individuals making wrong


choices. I am very open to the idea that there is a decline in the


community, in family. These things are all true. But is this just


about young people? Politicians fiddling expenses, is it all part


of a wider decline? What we have seen in the last week has not been


perpetrated by all young people. I think it is true that behaviour has


declined in a variety of ways across society. We have to be


careful of harking back to a golden age will probably never was. But


the idea of being hard on perpetrators, that is in no we


intention to with the idea that we took listened calmly and with


humility to have committees feel -- to how communities fail. So things


like cutting benefits and evicting people who have done wrong? If your


a teenager has been rioting, is it sensible to kick their younger


siblings out of the home? It does not seem a sensible. How do you


deal with it? Is a victim families the right thing to do? I do not


think evicting people from social housing is the right thing. What


David Cameron has to do is to start to go to the people that really


matter. He should be going to the father of one of those young men


killed in Birmingham. He talk sense this weekend. -- he talked for his


committee. -- community. People want to see safe in their houses.


They want to see discipline returning to schools. They want


respect from young people. They want young people to take a full


part in their own communities. We left and a wonderful community and


What do you think the Government should do? They should listen


calmly. It is true behaviours need to be tackled. It is also true


colleagues who work directly with gangs, and who I work with on a


day-to-day basis, their greatest weapons against gang culture is


education and opportunities. Now a look at some of the days


other news. A series of bomb attacks have hit


cities across Iraq killing more than 60 people. The worst was in


the city of Kut. It's the worst violence since Iraqi politicians


said they'd hold negotiations over whether a small number of US troops


might stay on after the deadline for their departure at the end of


the year. The former Egyptian president,


Hosni Mubarak, has appeared in court in Cairo again to face


charges of corruption and ordering the killing of hundreds of


protesters in the uprising earlier this year. Mr Mubarak was brought


in, in a hospital bed and placed inside a cage in the dock. He was


accompanied by his two sons. The judge has now adjourned the hearing


for three weeks and ruled that proceedings will no longer be


televised. At least 200 tonnes of oil may have


leaked into the North Sea off Scotland following an oil spill


from a ruptured pipeline last week. Shell says the leak, which took


place 112 miles east of Aberdeen, is a significant spill in the


context of the North Sea but believes it is under control.


Google, the company famous for its internet search engine shocked the


technology industry today by paying $12.5 billion in cash for the phone


company Motorola Mobility. Now Google can design both the software


and phones that run it - something its rival Apple has already done to


its advantage with the iPhone. Our technology correspondent Rory


Cellan Jones reports. It was the company that produced


the world's first modern mobile phone, but Motorola's glory days


are gone, its phones overtaken by the likes of Apple and Samsung. Now


it is part of Google which is becoming the fastest growing force


in the mobile world. Its Android operating system powers more smart


phones than any other software. Motorola is just one among many


manufacturers who depend upon it. Android is also used on tablets


computers. Now, Google is making itself a force in hardware as well


as software, just like its great rival. At the moment, Apple can


come up with an idea, it can build it, make the software and sell it


in its own retail stores. If Google can emulate the same model, it


doesn't have to go at side the family and talk to a third party to


get something done. Motorola might only have a tiny share of the


handset market, but Google has its eye on something different.


huge stock of paint since the company has accumulated. They have


become a vital weapon in the battle for supremacy in the mobile market.


Last month, patterns going back years from Nortel was snapped up by


Apple, Microsoft and the owners of blackberry. Google lost out in the


auction and made it clear today acquiring Motorola will help Dick


Shaw up its defences in the battle for mobile phone supremacy. While


Android has raced to the top of the mobile phone League, Apple makes


more from its mobile phone. Google has changed the landscape and its


rivals will be watching nervously to see what happens next.


The southern African state of Malawi has been experiencing the


kind of protests most latterly associated with the Arab street.


Opponents of the President Bingu Wa Mutharika have given him an


ultimatum to address their concerns or they've said they'll carry out a


nationwide protest on Wednesday. They're calling for an improvement


in the standard of living and human rights. Last month 19 people were


killed when police opened fire after days of protests. Bilkisu


Labaran from the BBC's African Service reports now on the problems


An for this housewife, the daily struggle of fetching water is


nothing compared to feeding her family.


She lives on just $2 a day and so do 90% of the population. The


economy is driven by agriculture. Food here is bound to fall, but for


nearly a decade, prices have risen at an average of 11% annually. Many


people can barely afford the food they sell and produce and the


people blame it all on mismanagement by the Government of


Bingu wa Mutharika. The frustration finally boiled over when hundreds


of anti-government demonstrators poured out onto the streets of the


country's major cities last month. They demanded the resignation of


the President. But the Government's response was heavy handed. Anti-


riot police quashed the protests. By the time calm was restored, at


least 18 people had been killed. The President was democratically


elected in 2004 with 36% of the vote. A former World Bank economist


he was credited with stabilising inflation. But his second term has


been troubled, as the economy tumbles his rule became more


autocratic. He wanted to run in a democracy, a


type of regime. An authoritarian Government style. That has made the


people angry. The international community has reacted swiftly to


the President's clampdown. The UK, US or the you have all either cut


direct aid to Malawi or delayed it. Bum The Lowry relies heavily on


foreign aid and it accounts for more than 40% of the Government's


income. We are in a situation with our partner countries, we expect


them to stay to their commitments, Democratic rights and good


governance. In the events of 20th July were protesters were fired


upon, Media was restricted and it is in direct contradiction to the


principles we expect them to uphold. At the Malawi High Commission in


London, there is very little diplomatic activity. Three months


ago the British High Commissioner to allow a accused of President


Bingu wa Mutharika of being autocratic, combative and


intolerance of criticism. The diplomatic tit-for-tat expulsions


that followed have pushed relations to near breaking point. But, with


the President of remaining defiant, and the International stalemate,


the future could be difficult. The late Nigerian signer, Fela Kuti,


was one of Africa's most colourful and influential musicians. He


pioneered the infectious Afrobeat sound in the 1970s. He was also a


political icon in Nigeria, where he fought against government


corruption. For the last three years, his life has been depicted


in a hugely popular show on Broadway, in London and in Lagos.


Fela's son, Femi Kuti, who's a musician himself, has been in the


UK for the latest run of the musical at the Sadler's Wells


theatre. Kathy Harcombe went to meet him.


He never compromised the truth. He stood no matter what. Mysore him


many times, say to the police, shoot me, kill me. I was scared,


and they could not understand why he got the courage to say "kill me".


Your father paid a high price for his beliefs, he was arrested 200


times? Jailed several times, do you think it was worth it? Yes, it is


about mankind. It is about freedom of speech, about justice. It is


against corruption. It is about the ills of what governments do to


their people. So, the bigger picture wasn't about my father, he


is just one of the many fighters that has given people like me the


courage to stand firm and not compromise the truth. For this, I


am proud my father never compromised. How did you feel when


you first saw it on Broadway? could not stop crying, it took me


back I was so impressed. I went on stage and I thank them. I thank


them so many times and I keep thanking them. At that time I felt


very lonely. When I saw the play it opened up so many avenues. This


battle is not lost. In America,, I have been doing this for five years


and I am taking it all over the world. When it came to Nigeria, I


think that it was the biggest achievement. On this fight, the


struggle, it was a slap on the face of the Nigerian authorities. The


same people who are running for presidency of one of the four from


fighters in the PDP, all of the same political bigwigs are still on


the political scene. -- front runners. What they have achieved in


14 years Democratic rule, we still have no electricity, Nigeria is


still poor. We cannot give our children a good education,


education is only for the very, very rich. I never get frustrated


telling the story about my father because I love my father. I loved


my father very much. I cannot explain how much I love and how


much I am proud of my father. It is my duty to give this information to


the best, as truthful as possible, to be as sincere as possible, no


Fabrications, for the truth. Well that's all from the programme.


Next the weather, but for now from me, Zeinab Badawi, and the rest of


Much of the UK got away with a dry start. But it is a different day


tomorrow. Cloudier compared with today and it is because of this low


pressure. The weather front is with it as it continues north-east


across the UK during Tuesday. The heaviest of the rain will be


focused on Scotland, but elsewhere under cloudy skies, patchy rain and


drizzle is possible. The North East England, given a few breaks in the


cloud there may be some sharp showers in the afternoons. East


Anglia and the South East, a few glimpses of some are possible, but


it is cloudy and breezy with a passing drizzle from time to time.


Similar picture into the south-west. Poor visibility into the hills. For


Northern Ireland, there will be an improvement, gradually turning


brighter. Sunshine edging in from the West. The eastern side last to


see that. It may improve into south-west Scotland were elsewhere


it is cloudy. This band of rain advancing across the North East in


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