19/08/2011 World News Today


19/08/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

:00:12.:00:15.

An audacious attack on the British Council compound in Kabul leaves 12

:00:15.:00:21.

people dead. It's believed that at least six suicide attackers made it

:00:21.:00:24.

inside the compound after detonating a car bomb, which took

:00:24.:00:30.

out one of the walls at the British Council behind me.

:00:30.:00:34.

Killed during Friday prayers - more than 40 die in a bomb attack on a

:00:34.:00:44.
:00:44.:00:46.

mosque in the Khyber region of Pakistan.

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Has the controversial leader of the ANC's youth wing Julius Malema gone

:00:49.:00:52.

a step too far this time? He's charged with bringing the party

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into disrepute. And we report from the Edinburgh

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Fringe Festival on what happens when social media meets modern

:01:03.:01:13.
:01:13.:01:21.

Hello and welcome. The British Council, the institution that for

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decades has served as Britain's cultural organisation abroad, found

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itself the specific target of a co- ordinated and audacious attack in

:01:26.:01:34.

the Afghan capital Kabul. First, a suicide bomb destroyed the wall of

:01:34.:01:37.

the British Council compound, allowing gunmen to storm the

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12 people were killed in the attack, mostly Afghan police. All of the

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attackers themselves were killed in an eight-hour gun battle. In a

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moment we will hear from the head of the British Council. First,

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Quentin Sommerville reports from Kabul.

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Moments after morning prayers, the attack began with a huge explosion

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that rattled windows across Kabul. The Taliban blue and massive hole

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in the wall around the British Council. At least half-a-dozen at

:02:16.:02:21.

suicide bombers then went inside. TRANSLATION: I bought outside the

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house and I saw smashed windows. I saw the second bomber. He blew

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himself up. The fighting continued around the morning. As the injured

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were led away, three Afghan guards and a number of police were killed.

:02:38.:02:46.

We heard more than three -- we heard three explosions. We believe

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the suicide bombers blew themselves up. One survived and we think he is

:02:52.:02:59.

in hiding. You can hear gunfire and heavy explosions at from the

:02:59.:03:02.

British Council compound. You can see the British quick reaction

:03:02.:03:08.

force who are on the scene. It is believed that six suicide attackers

:03:08.:03:13.

made it inside the compound before detonating a car bomb that took out

:03:13.:03:18.

one of the walls. The siege of the British Council lasted eight hours.

:03:18.:03:23.

As soon as the attack began, staff inside, including two female

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teachers, headed to an underground safe and room. After fierce

:03:31.:03:34.

fighting, a New Zealand special forces and Afghan commandos came to

:03:34.:03:38.

their rescue. But British Council stop in the compound who

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essentially were in the safer route for most of the day and we were in

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contact with them, had been extracted safely. There are now in

:03:46.:03:52.

the embassy, obviously shaken, but well and an injured. As the clear-

:03:52.:03:58.

up at the site began, it emerged that the war Atmel attackers had

:03:58.:04:08.
:04:08.:04:08.

disguise themselves in material -- in burkas. It is a vicious attack,

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but an attack that has not succeeded. Today, as Afghanistan

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and celebrated the success in it moving away from British rule was

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the reason why the Taliban said they are attacked. As our combat

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soldiers leave, the soldiers will be left to face the Taliban alone.

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Martin Davidson is Chief Executive of the British Council. He gave us

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his response to how the attack had affected his organisation. I think

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the biggest shock for us is that an organisation which is there to

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build close links between people internationally has been targeted

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in this way. A lot of the work that the British Council does in

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countries like Afghanistan is to get that face-to-face engagement,

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isn't it? And absolutely. Are you worried those activities will be

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restricted? It is early days. We have got to look at what happened

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today. We are going to have to analyse what went wrong, but the

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one thing we do want to do is to stay in Afghanistan, stay working

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with the young Afghans because they tell us that they want the sort of

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things that we do. They want the international connections, they

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want to be part of the wider world, they want the skills and be able to

:05:39.:05:49.
:05:49.:05:49.

engage with their peers along -- around the world. Tell us a bit

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about the activities you carry out in Afghanistan? You say you have

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strong links with the young people. We are really focusing on two

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things at the moment. One is working with the Afghan authorities

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on the development and changes to the education system, both at the

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basic education level as well as the higher education level. So we

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are working with 22 key schools across the country, looking at how

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the schools are run, how you train the teachers, what are the skills

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you need. So you have a visible presence? You yes. It is about

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working with Afghans who want to change their own society. But in a

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country like Afghanistan, your efforts are compromise because

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Britain is engaged in combat. need to build trust between young

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people in Afghanistan and people in this country. To do that, you have

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to get people to know and understand each other. You do not

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have to agree, but there needs to be a dialogue and that is what we

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are involved in. We know that the people we are talking there, the

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young people, they want to be part of the wider world. They don't want

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to be part of a closed society that resort to violence to get their

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point across. It is a young population in Afghanistan. They

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want to be like everyone else in the world and that is what I would

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job is. If we get it right and do it well, it giving of those young

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people an opportunity will build trust.

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In neighbouring Pakistan, a suspected suicide attack inside a

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mosque in the north-west Khyber region has killed more than 40

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people. Hundreds were offering Friday prayers when the attack took

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place. At least 85 people have been wounded, many of them with severe

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:07:55.:07:55.

burns and shrapnel injuries. The attack came without warning

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inside a mosque packed with more than 1,000 worshippers who had come

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for Friday prayers. It was the first major actor Piet -- violence

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in Pakistan during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The scenes of

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hundreds of injured people been ferried to hospital are as

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depressing reminder. The final number of those killed is expected

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to be high. This man, who survived the explosion, said the attack

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:08:41.:08:49.

followed a cry of alarm who Akbar. The attack came in at an important

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region - the Khyber Pass. It was not an attack on NATO. It was

:08:53.:09:03.
:09:03.:09:05.

another form of dangerous Islamist extremism. These people believe

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that violence against their own people will further their cause.

:09:09.:09:12.

Activists in Syria say security forces have killed at least 12

:09:12.:09:15.

people as thousands of protesters took to the streets again after

:09:15.:09:18.

Friday prayers. This week President Assad had assured the UN Secretary

:09:18.:09:20.

General Ban Ki Moon that security operations against civilians had

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stopped. The BBC is not allowed to freely report from inside Syria, so

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Jim Muir sent this report from neighbouring Lebanon.

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Nothing much seems to have changed since President Assad statements

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bat or police and military operations have stop. Activist

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videos on the internet cannot be verified independently, but many of

:09:47.:09:57.
:09:57.:09:58.

them appear to show government forces attacking protesters. In the

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third biggest city, troops appeared to be on rooftops and in the

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streets. Several civilians were killed here. There was trouble in

:10:06.:10:12.

the suburbs of the capital Damascus as well. Civilian deaths were

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reported. At the United Nations and elsewhere, patience is running

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short. But as well as telling the secretary general military

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operations had stopped, President Assad allowed to a humanitarian

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mission to visit the troubled areas. We want to concentrate on the areas

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where there had been reports of fighting so we can see exactly for

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ourselves what has been going on. But pressures on Assad is

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increasing. There are more international sanctions, but he

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said Syria would stand firm, whatever the pressures. He blames

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armed terrorist gangs fog all the problems. Syrian television has

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shown footage of people with rifles and guns and knives who are

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attacking the police, or security, who are throwing them into the

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river. Unfortunately, for some reason, the West will only see with

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one eye and listen with one ear. President Assad will take heart

:11:24.:11:29.

from the fact that the Turks, who have been pressuring him, have not

:11:29.:11:33.

supported the call for him to go now. They and the Russians say he

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needs more time to implement the changes he has promised. And so the

:11:39.:11:44.

struggle continues. The uprising is not going away, nor is the regime.

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Five months on, nobody knows how this will end and how much longer

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it will take. Now a look at some of the days

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other news. The International Organisation for

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Migration says it is planning to evacuate thousands of foreigners

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from the Libyan capital Tripoli as fighting gets closer to the city.

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It comes as rebels say they have launched a new assault on the town

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of Zlitan, east of Tripoli, after capturing the last functioning oil

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refinery in Zawiya and the town of Sabratha. The IOM says many migrant

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workers are trapped by the clashes and are asking to leave as rebel

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forces advance. Relatives of Norwegians killed in

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last month's gun attack on the island of Utoeya have visited the

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scene for the first time. Meanwhile, a court in Oslo has ruled that

:12:28.:12:30.

Anders Behring Breivik, who admitted the attack, will remain in

:12:30.:12:35.

solitary confinement for another month.

:12:35.:12:38.

The Turkish prime minister Recep Tayip Erdogan says his country will

:12:38.:12:43.

open an embassy in Somalia to help distribute aid to the country. Mr

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Erdogan made the announcement during a visit to the Somali

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capital Mogadishu. He said Turkey would also help build

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infrastructure and schools. The start of the Spanish football

:12:54.:12:56.

season this weekend will be delayed after negotiations to prevent a

:12:56.:13:02.

strike by players failed. Many players, mostly in the second

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division, have not been paid for months. Clubs are facing severe

:13:06.:13:10.

financial difficulties. Staying with Spain, the government

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has announced more austerity measures, including an effort to

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cut hospital spending with a shift to generic drugs. It is also

:13:18.:13:20.

bringing forward the date big businesses must pay their taxes,

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But new homebuyers will enjoy lower taxes.

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It's been another shaky day at the end of a shaky week for the world's

:13:32.:13:35.

financial markets. In Europe there were further losses for the main

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stock markets, with banking shares under pressure again. Lloyds here

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in Britain has lost almost a fifth of its value this week, while banks

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in France and Germany have also taken a battering. In New York the

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markets haven't closed yet, but it's been a volatile day in the US,

:13:48.:13:58.
:13:58.:14:06.

too. Joining us is Daniel from the stern Business University. What is

:14:07.:14:11.

feeding the fears this time? have a paralysis, and it is similar

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to what we saw in the US in 2001. There is so much uncertainty about

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the euro zone that if you are a corporate manager, you are not

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ready to make the strong decision to hire or invest. If you are an

:14:28.:14:33.

investor, you are probably keeping your money on the sideline. Whilst

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this uncertainty remains, the paralysis does as well. What about

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the United States? What is the situation there? There were some

:14:46.:14:50.

poor indicators that suggested the economic outlook for the US was not

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great. Everybody here has come to terms with the fact that this is

:14:54.:14:59.

going to be a long and slow recovery. What we need Tapper now

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is some good long-term planning, not just for the fiscal situation

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of the country, but in the corporate boardrooms as well. Right

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now the politicians and other leaders have bought themselves some

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time to come to a compromise and makes some of those plans. In the

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fiscal situation, it has to be a plan for more cuts. It when people

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look at the market, could there be another recession on the way? --

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where people. The stock market does tend to be a leading indicator of

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the economy, but it is not completely reliable. It is hard to

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judge a recession whilst you are experiencing it, which is why the

:15:44.:15:54.
:15:54.:15:57.

National Bureau typically calls a One of the most controversial

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politicians in South Africa has been charged with bringing the

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ruling ANC in to distribute -- disrepute. Julius Malema angered

:16:09.:16:14.

party leaders by calling for regime change in neighbouring plots one,

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which she called a puppet of the US. He has previously been told to take

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anger management classes for his controversial statements.

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Julius Malema is the firebrand ANC Youth League presence -- President,

:16:30.:16:34.

re-elected unopposed in April of this year. He says he joined the

:16:34.:16:39.

ANC when he was only nine years old. His mother, who raised him as a

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single parent. Here he is throwing a journalist out of a press

:16:48.:16:53.

conference last year. A few months ago he appeared in front of an

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equality court in Johannesburg. He was called to explain why he still

:17:00.:17:06.

scald and of -- still sings an old anti-apartheid liberation song.

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Today the ANC has charged him for sowing divisions within party ranks.

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He is also off -- faced with a charge of bringing the party into

:17:16.:17:21.

disrepute. The trigger for today's charges is because he said in a

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press conference a fortnight ago that he supports regime change in

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neighbouring box one. This was the reaction from the streets of

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Johannesburg. Do you charge him in person or do

:17:33.:17:39.

you charge the Youth League? Is he responsible or the Youth League as

:17:39.:17:47.

a whole? Julius Malema is speaking from his experience and what he

:17:48.:17:53.

understands as a person and he is representing the ANC Youth League

:17:53.:18:03.
:18:03.:18:04.

opinion. I don't think he has brought it the ANC into disrepute.

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TRANSLATION: He has no problem. The problem is people like Jacob Zuma,

:18:09.:18:14.

because after we voted for them we have no jobs.

:18:14.:18:18.

Meanwhile, South Africa's public protect it is investigating a

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company linked to Mr Malema on suspicion of possible corruption in

:18:22.:18:30.

awarding government contracts. Joining us now is Deputy Vice

:18:30.:18:32.

Chancellor at the University of Johannesburg and African politics

:18:32.:18:37.

specialist Adam Habib. In the eyes of the ANC leadership, has Julius

:18:37.:18:43.

Malema gone a bit too far this time? I think so, but remember that

:18:43.:18:48.

the leadership of the ANC has a dilemma left foot -- has I don't --

:18:48.:18:58.
:18:58.:19:03.

has ID -- has a dilemma. They are building up for the centenary

:19:03.:19:09.

celebrations. But if they wait too long, Julius Malema has

:19:09.:19:14.

increasingly been embarrassing be President, he has been antagonising

:19:14.:19:19.

foreign investors and he has created destabilisation around

:19:19.:19:23.

foreign investment questions. It seems that the leadership is saying

:19:23.:19:28.

it is too far and that we need to act immediately to neutralise him.

:19:28.:19:32.

In what way does he represent that fight for the heart and soul of the

:19:32.:19:41.

ANC? Clearly this is an organisation divided between

:19:41.:19:44.

broadly the nationalists and the left. The left are going for some

:19:44.:19:49.

level of intervention, the nationalists are arguing for the

:19:49.:19:57.

modus operandi under theorbo and Becky, a much more free market

:19:57.:20:07.

party. -- under Toll Bar Mbeki. Either side are articulating

:20:07.:20:12.

positions that you would not normally see them articulating,

:20:12.:20:18.

like the Communist Party arguing against nationalisation. The

:20:18.:20:21.

Communists are proposing it on the grounds that this is a bail-out for

:20:21.:20:27.

mining companies rather than a real empowerment of poor people.

:20:27.:20:34.

obviously strikes a chord among a lot of people. Can be a n c afford

:20:34.:20:44.
:20:44.:20:45.

to lose him if it comes to that? -- can be ANC. I think they can. Their

:20:45.:20:48.

popularity goes belonged Julius Malema but his popularity lies in

:20:48.:20:58.

the fact that this is a divided country. -- goes beyond. The poor

:20:58.:21:02.

are angry and they gravitate towards a populist figure like

:21:03.:21:10.

Malema. The more you deal with the divides and the inequality, the

:21:10.:21:16.

more you cut the ground from someone like Julius Malema.

:21:16.:21:21.

terms of the charges he is seeing because of his comments about

:21:21.:21:24.

Botswana, how much diplomatic fall- out was there with but one about

:21:24.:21:34.
:21:34.:21:38.

that? -- with. One or -- with bots won. We have lost sound there I am

:21:38.:21:43.

afraid. The world's largest arts festival,

:21:43.:21:48.

the Edinburgh Fringe, is in full swing, with people descending on

:21:48.:21:52.

Scotland. Social media and technology pay a big part -- play a

:21:52.:21:57.

big part in the promotion of events. Twitter and Facebook are being used

:21:57.:22:00.

in some of the performances and Danny Robins has been to Edinburgh

:22:00.:22:10.
:22:10.:22:12.

to find out more. The Edinburgh Fringe, the largest

:22:12.:22:16.

arts festival in the world. This year's festival is the biggest yet,

:22:16.:22:23.

with more than 2500 show is. To pull in an audience you have to

:22:23.:22:30.

stand out. New media is the latest weapon in the battle to get noticed,

:22:30.:22:36.

Twitter, Facebook and even a host of applications. But the use of

:22:36.:22:40.

technology is not limited to promoting shows. With digital media

:22:40.:22:46.

such a big part of our lives, it comes as no surprise that many

:22:46.:22:50.

fought -- many performers are using it as a way to interact with their

:22:50.:22:55.

audience. Buy a ticket for this show and the

:22:55.:22:59.

main character will be friends you on Facebook, inviting you to a

:22:59.:23:08.

party at their house. -- befriend. Half the characters are here, the

:23:08.:23:15.

other half Orin Austin Texas. The internet links this it -- the two

:23:15.:23:22.

sides and the comic story is played out via Skype. There is also a

:23:22.:23:26.

third audience, online. You can watch the show screened live and

:23:26.:23:29.

even interact with the actors on Twitter.

:23:29.:23:36.

I feel that there are moves in theatre with shows there are really

:23:36.:23:40.

incorporating technology and the way that we use it.

:23:40.:23:45.

It drives the play forward and when people ask questions on Skype it

:23:45.:23:51.

progresses the play and they find out more about the characters.

:23:51.:23:57.

Yes, I am at the Edinburgh Festival. Send me an e-mail. The fact that a

:23:57.:24:02.

lot of us had smart phones which mean that we can access the

:24:02.:24:07.

Internet we if we are means that if you do not have time to catch a

:24:07.:24:13.

whole show at the Theatre, why not just download one?

:24:13.:24:21.

Ghost city is part of our new trend amongst the Fringe shows for shows

:24:21.:24:27.

that you can download. Each recording is Trevor -- based around

:24:27.:24:34.

a particular Edinburgh location. One person who is no stranger to

:24:34.:24:41.

integrating these media into his show is Alex Horne.

:24:41.:24:51.
:24:51.:24:52.

What opportunities to feel it opens up? -- do you feel. You can use it

:24:52.:24:59.

in your show or use it to popularise your gig, or possibly

:24:59.:25:03.

there is another way which is better than Beausale but -- but of

:25:03.:25:08.

those things! It is pretty certain that her --

:25:08.:25:11.

over the next few years performers and audiences will be interacting

:25:11.:25:16.

in ways we do not even know about yet.

:25:16.:25:22.

Finally, it was meant to be an example of how sport in -- and

:25:22.:25:27.

strengthen diplomatic ties, but nobody counted on a brawl breaking

:25:27.:25:31.

out in a basketball game between a Chinese team and visiting American

:25:31.:25:40.

players. Yesterday's game between Georgetown University and to the

:25:40.:25:45.

Chinese team degenerated into a mass brawl in the 4th quarter, with

:25:45.:25:50.

players throwing punches and chairs, forcing after-match to end early.

:25:50.:25:57.

The Georgetown team is in shine on a ten-day goodwill trip, timed

:25:57.:26:04.

along with the Joe Biden's trip. The two teams are due to play again

:26:04.:26:08.

in Shanghai over the weekend but you may not be surprised to hear

:26:08.:26:12.

that it is not known if that game will go ahead. Who knows what might

:26:12.:26:19.

happen this time? Whatever happened to sportsmanship?

:26:19.:26:23.

Militants in Afghanistan have killed 12 people in attack on a

:26:23.:26:29.

British cultural office in Kabul. Most of the dead were Afghan police.

:26:29.:26:35.

There was a lengthy gun battle with Afghan commandos and special forces

:26:35.:26:39.

from New Zealand. The Taliban say they ordered the assault to mark

:26:39.:26:44.

the anniversary of Afghan independence from Britain in 1919.

:26:44.:26:49.

That is all from the programme. Next, the weather. Goodbye and

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:05.

For many of us it was a beautiful day, lots of sunshine around.

:27:05.:27:10.

Tomorrow, a lot more cloud in the forecast and a fair bit of rain.

:27:10.:27:14.

Tonight this weather front pushes across the north-west of the UK,

:27:14.:27:20.

turning breezy. Through the night it sinks southwards. For Saturday,

:27:20.:27:24.

a cloudy a start the southern England and Wales. Through the day

:27:24.:27:29.

these will push into the Midlands and East Anglia. It looks as though,

:27:29.:27:34.

for parts of the Midlands, East Anglia, turning increasingly wet,

:27:34.:27:39.

and into the home counties. For London and the south-east it will

:27:39.:27:44.

turn drier and brighter through the afternoon. Across south-west

:27:44.:27:50.

England, again some brightness where the sun comes out. I think

:27:50.:27:58.

staying cloudy for much of the day in Wales. Outbreaks of rain in the

:27:58.:28:03.

West. Disappointingly called here. In Northern Ireland, the cloud will

:28:03.:28:08.

come in from the South. The north- west of Scotland is dominated by

:28:08.:28:12.

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