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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.
Tripoli is filled with gun fire. Thousands celebrate, but Gaddafi
loyalists remain in control in some neighbourhoods.
They are now firing rockets. You can hear one going in now.
Wanted. Dead or alive. Rebels offer rewards to anyone who captures or
kills Colonel Gaddafi. The leader pledges martyrdom or victory.
More than 30 foreign journalists trapped in Tripoli's Rixos Hotel in
recent days are now free to leave. The rebels are taking the upper
hand in the fighting, but who will take political control? We look at
in-fighting that could dominate Good evening.
Libyan rebels have offered an amnesty and around $1.5 million for
anyone who captures or kills Colonel Gaddafi. They have
consolidated their grip on the capital Tripoli. Last night they
managed to overrun Colonel Gaddafi's compound, but the
embattled leader was not there. He has since broadcast a defiant
speech, saying his decision to leave the compound was a "tactical
retreat" and vowing to return victorious or die a martyr. For all
the very latest let's cross live to Lyse Doucet in Tripoli. There had
been intense clashes. However, there were some intense
celebrations. We were in Martyr Square, a place where many had
gathered. We are expecting families together there again to proclaim
this is a free Libya. But last night saw one of the most decisive
battles in what has been a six- month long battle for the control
of Libya. As we enter Gaddafi's compound, it
is obvious there is still fighting going on. Yesterday's liberation
has not cleared all the diehard loyalists out. And this is about to
get a lot more intense. So the rebels were driven back out of the
centre of the compound this morning, back out to the outer wall. They
have just stormed back in. They are now firing rockets into the middle
of the compound. You can hear one To the left. This day! Stay! Once
again, the assumption that the fighting is over is premature.
Gaddafi's compound is a fortress with lots of tunnels and bunkers.
This man believes Gaddafi is hiding underground. Do you think he is
still in there? If you asked me about what I think, I do not think
he is here. However, there are a lot of tunnels. He built the
compound for this day, to stay running away from people. A but
until Gaddafi is found, some here still won't dare to believe his
dictatorship is really over. So when will you feel free? When I see
the blood of Gaddafi on the road. Then I will be Frene! -- free!
by the seat, we got a prince inside the life of the Gaddafi clan. This
is the summer house of one of his sons. In one bedroom alone we found
tens of thousands of pounds worth of designer clothing and shoes.
When you see all these expensive things here, this is the problem.
This is why the revolution has happened. Seen this will confirm
what most Libyans have already expected - that the Gaddafi clan
led alight of bulk or luxury and until they are called, this
revolution will not be over. -- led a life of vulgar luxury.
There was an audio message from Gaddafi this morning. Now there is
a bounty on offer - more than �1 million for killing of capturing
the man who imposed his politics on this country. Held by the fact that
it is an oil-rich state. The hunt is on for the colonel. The rebels
say the battle is not over until Gaddafi is found. I will do all I
can to put him in a cage. The pro- Gaddafi TV channel was still trying
to rally his troops, even as rebels took over his compound. From the
man himself another audio message for of defiance and delusion.
TRANSLATION: I walk through Tripoli by incognito. Nobody recognised me.
The City is not in danger. He even claimed to have walked incognito in
the capital where today we found many areas deserted and lifeless.
Some believe he made be below ground in a bunker. Others believe
he fled Tripoli for his home town. It is clear that Colonel Gaddafi
can never have ruled the streets again, but he had an iron grip on
this city and this country for more than 40 years and that has left its
mark. Even now after everything that has happened, some are still
afraid to speak about him. By the sea shore, some were escaping
detention. We approached three families here. None were prepared
to be interviewed. Then we met this family - professionals who spend
half their time in Britain and were not afraid to wear for in Libya's
new day. I am celebrating and I am happy because I am thinking about
my children. I think about their future and the future of Libya.
Everybody's future. There was no future before. The children of the
Gaddafi era of finding a new voice. We could speak freely to each other
on the phone and we could mention Gaddafi and took against him. It
was the first time. Other than that, we have all been talking before in
a coded way and not that directly. We evening, Martyr Square downtown
becomes a place of celebration. Where ever Colonel Gaddafi may be
hiding, he cannot undo this. -- wherever. Another building that
came under rebel control was the luxury Rixos Hotel.
We seem to have lost contact. We will try to go back to that report
to give you the latest from Tripoli. We will try again now. We lost
power here. This whole area has been plunged into darkness. There
is no electricity. We are being powered by a generator. It is an
extraordinary day here in the capital.
More than 30 foreign journalists who had been trapped by pro-Gaddafi
fighters in a Tripoli hotel since Sunday have been freed. The Rixos
Hotel is just a couple of miles from Colonel Gaddafi's compound.
Amongst them was a BBC team of five, including our correspondent Matthew
Price. He's been speaking to his BBC colleague Wyre Davies about the
ordeal. We had no idea this was going on. The TV has been of
because of the electricity. We had no idea Tripoli was like this. We
even had some newspaper journalist come into the hotel asking why we
were still there. The reason we were still there is because we had
two gunmen, loyal to Colonel Gaddafi, who still believe the City
could be won by a Colonel Gaddafi's forces. They said they had been
ordered to keep us inside to keep a safe. I mean, it was remarkable
that they still believed all of that, despite what was happening
around them. Has the net closed on Gaddafi? Were there are times --
were there times with the armed guards where you felt -- Fiat for
the words? Yes. -- feared for the worst. The next day was more
frightening. On Monday morning we were cut and there were gunmen in
the hotel that we had not seen before. -- we were Cup. They mainly
left alone. We had to start stockpiling suppliers. We did
wonder how safe we were. Organisations like the media, the
BBC, they are seen as the enemy. However, we did feel that there
might not be a threat... But the government was using the hotel as a
cover. They were broadcasting state television from the hotel and
monitoring your communications. Did you ever feel that you might be
used as human shields as the last defence of a regime is desperate.
Yes. The hotel is a B complex. I got a one. On Monday where I
thought to have won a second, they are going to use this as a barracks
for the Army for one last stand and if they do that, what will happen
to Wells? That is when all be journalists started sleeping out in
the same corridor, knowing that if we needed to, we could run into a
save run. However, we found her we had no viable escape route. We did
not know what was going on and that the majority of the streets were in
rebel control. Well, Colonel Gaddafi's reign comes to were
violent end and a new order has to be built from scratch. The National
Transitional Council were meant to come here today, but they have
decided to wait. We go to our Correspondent in Benghazi. What was
the reason for the delay? opposite - that the obvious one. It
is not secured. There has been cautioned from the leadership of
the opposition. That is in contrast to the celebrations on the street.
In Gaddafi's birthplace, he has got a lot of resources. Many are still
loyal to him and are not really under threat from the rebel army.
There is a lot of work left to do and today has been an
acknowledgement of the over exhilaration of the weekend. The
opposition are not quite ready to be the four governments but this
country. We understand that there is a conference on September 1st.
What will be a rebel leadership be looking for from the outside
community? The first thing is cash, frankly. It has been an ironic
situation. They need money. In the long-term though, this country is
They will have enormous amounts of support and goodwill. They may need
technical assistance, for example, the training of the police force
and things like that. We have not The sun has set on yet another
extraordinary day here. Down in Green Square the rallying cry is
free Libya. There have been shouting at Colonel Gaddafi is dead
in Arabic. But where is he? There is now a bounty on his head of more
than �1 million for capturing the man who has dominated, personalised
and abused hip -- abused power here for 42 years. This is a city which
is still uncertain and dangerous. The most intense clashes have been
taking place -- place through the day. Libyans a weight something new
and different now. They are telling us they will be patient. They will
clearly expect something different. Robert Hunter is former US
ambassador to NATO, and Director of Middle East Affairs in the Carter
administration. He's now at the National Defense University in
Washington. I asked him if NATO's Libya mission can been called a
success. I think you have to say it has been because it did provide air
support of the rebels under the guise of simply protecting
civilians. But NATO where the air power. But the Libyans themselves
on the ground made an effective combination. So this was something
to be supported. There were no defections, nobody backed away from
it. I think NATO made a definite critical difference. In the past
you were critical of European powers within NATO, in Bosnia
especially, for doing too little, too late. Have they redeem
themselves with Britain and France at the forefront here? -- redeemed.
I was critical of the US at the start when we held back and only
provided a certain kind of support function rather than active
military engagement and left it to the Europeans. But in retrospect I
think this will increase the reputation of European allies in
this country, including with the Congress and the administration.
The Europeans took the lead. Everybody but Germany. They made a
success of it and that was used for to the alliance. It is a useful
precedent for Washington, isn't it? At a time were it is hard to make
the case for intervention overseas. We are still fighting two was
directly in Afghanistan, very unpopular. -- walls. It is coming
up to the 10th anniversary of 9/11, everybody wants to get out of Iraq
as soon as possible, we are still fighting there. The idea of going
in with boots on the ground and Libya was very unpopular. So what
the Europeans have done on this will go down well, I think.
there a sense in which the Europeans have come to the rescue
of President Obama? His hands are tied. He was the anti-war candidate,
making the case for intervention in Libya, was not a popular one.
not think it is very rescuing the President because he was prepared
to do things even more than some of his administration. But the fact
that the Europeans did this has helped to validate the
transatlantic relationship, to validate the use of NATO and show
that the US has partners on whom we can rely. To that extent it has
been very good for the President. What do you think NATO's role
should be post conflict? At this stage it is to continue with air
power but the real challenge is when the fighting stops. I think
everybody in Europe and the US have to understand that responsibility
for what happens in North Africa will go on for a long time. There
are problems of immigration, potential violence, terrorism, of
instability on the northern shores of North Africa. It means nobody
can walk away from this. It will be expensive, time-consuming. We are
in it for the long haul. We have no choice. Ghazi Gheblawi is a Libyan
writer and blogger, living and working here in London. He joins me
now. I can see how happy you are about the news that has come
through. Are you now getting a flood of communication from people
who were unable to speak? Quite a few. Some of them who have been
detained for long periods of time and have been released. And also
people we were speaking to but we were not speaking out loud, off
really. -- or with any freedom. We were speaking in code. People have
started to communicate now. It is amazing that the new government is
giving out credit for mobile services for people to contact
You get every sense from people you speak to that there is jubilation,
a sense of freedom, they can speak out loud with no problem. There is
also the psychological factor. You were saying yourself, you get used
to having a double personality in this kind of situation. For example,
for myself, and other writers, they would write and publish in the
state media and sometimes they could not say what they really
wanted. Sometimes they could not publish what they wanted so they
needed to publish it in the outside world. Some of them would write
something that is quite damning to the regime before, and they would
publish it outside in a place that the regime could not reach. At
least they could get it off their chest. But in the country itself,
when you sit with your family there is complete opposition to the
regime. I speak from personal experience, we have a family, we
are all in opposition for a long time. Libyan people have been
unable to speak out and reach out, but there is also the fact that we
have not been able to understand as much as we would like to, and now
rising look at what the NTC my doing running Libya, there is this
they're that be could oversimplify it? -- There is a fear we could
It is a normal country but it has a unique culture and history and
background. And sometimes the media has been criticised that they
sometimes look at things as superficial, as we saw in the
tragedy of Rixos Hotel. Many people were fed propaganda from the regime.
The media fell into it. We look at East and West with Libya, but it is
more than that, it is a mosaic of people. Of course. My father was
born in the mountains, I was born in Tripoli, I know lots of families
from the east and west. The mother is from Misrata, the father from
Benghazi, someone else from Tripoli, but they live in the middle of this
country. It is not about East and West, there is no division you can
distinguish. For example, Tripoli is a metropolis. All the tribes are
there, the people from every place. You're an optimist believe in one
government can pull these people together? There is a big hope that
will happen. What the regime did was not include all the Libyan
people. There was a minority of the people of Libya who were involved
in this regime. Now we are trying to make it more exclusive. It is a
difficult task. It is a big challenge but at the same time
people will be given positions because of their merit, not because
of their loyalty to a regime, or a government. An opportunity but a
challenge. Thank you for coming to speak with us. Now a look at some
of the day's other news... Russian investigators have detained a
former police officer on suspicion of organising the murder of Anna
Politkovskaya. The reporter, who was renowned for her criticism of
the Kremlin and her coverage of the Chechen conflict, was killed five
years ago. The former officer was arrested on suspicion of hiring a
contract killer. Russia says North Korea is ready to resume
international talks on ending its nuclear programme. On his first
visit to Russia in almost a decade, the North Korean leader Kim Jong-il
The talks also covered Russia's plan to build a gas pipeline to
South Korea through the North. American and European officials at
the UN have drawn up a draft resolution calling for
international sanctions against the Syrian government. It condemns
human rights abuses by security forces against anti-government
protesters. But Russia, which has a Council veto, said it was not the
right time to target President Assad with sanctions. Hurricane
Irene has strengthened to a major Category 3 storm as it approaches
the US east coast. Irene brought torrential rain and strong winds to
the Dominican Republic, and cut Thank you for staying with us.
After the showers today heavy rain spread up from south-west England
through the Midlands, reaching Yorkshire and Lincolnshire later.
Once that clears, some sunshine but also heavy showers. Low pressure is
the driving force. This weather front is the troublemaker, the
energy that runs along that overnight gives the heavy rain.
Tomorrow, heavy and thundery bursts of rain. Eventually, by the end of
the afternoon most of it has gone. A few lingering showers and
thunderstorms. Most places should turn drier. Don't expected to be
particularly warm. -- expect it to be. Good sunshine through Central
England into the Midlands. But into Wales, slow-moving showers. You
could get some storms after another, whereas just down the road you
could stay dry. If you get caught in one of these showers you will
know about it. A scattering of heavy showers in Northern Ireland,
some showers with sunshine in between in Scotland. Thicker cloud