25/08/2011 World News Today


25/08/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 25/08/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with Colonel Gaddafi insists he's not

:00:14.:00:17.

finished. In a radio address from a secret location, he urges the

:00:17.:00:22.

Libyan people to fight and purify Tripoli. Searching for Gaddafi we

:00:22.:00:25.

enter the heart of his command centre inside the dictator's former

:00:25.:00:35.
:00:35.:00:37.

underground bunker. We believe that there are Colonel Gaddafi's troops

:00:37.:00:43.

just a little distance up this road. A diplomatic push to release Libyan

:00:43.:00:45.

assets as Italy frees $500 million worth for the National Transitional

:00:45.:00:48.

Council. We are highly active in seeking the unfreezing of Libyan

:00:48.:00:58.
:00:58.:00:59.

state assets to assist with the immediate humanitarian situation. A

:00:59.:01:07.

bite out of Apple. Black -- what next after C Steve Jobs steps down?

:01:07.:01:12.

And the US east coast is preparing for the onslaught of Hurricane

:01:12.:01:22.

Irene. Colonel Gaddafi tells his people he

:01:22.:01:26.

is not finished yet. He has issued another verbal barrage from his

:01:26.:01:33.

hiding place, using a broadcast on a state-run TV network to urge his

:01:33.:01:43.
:01:43.:01:44.

supporters to -- purifier Tripoli. Today in Tripoli, another

:01:44.:01:49.

surprising turn. An extraordinary moment in what has been an almost

:01:49.:01:54.

seven-month long battle to end Colonel Gaddafi's regime. Today, he

:01:54.:02:00.

made another audio message. From where, who can say? He sent a

:02:00.:02:05.

strong message urging his supporters to march on Tripoli, to

:02:05.:02:09.

purify the City of rebels he described as rats and unbelievers.

:02:09.:02:15.

Let's listen to a bit of what he had to say.

:02:15.:02:22.

TRANSLATION: Take to the streets and fight. The hour of martyrdom

:02:22.:02:26.

and victory has arrived. Advance everywhere until the enemy is

:02:26.:02:32.

defeated. Do not give a victory to the rats. Fight them, defeat them

:02:32.:02:37.

as soon as possible. You are the overwhelming majority. And the pass,

:02:37.:02:40.

you staged marches of millions. You should do the same now, but this

:02:41.:02:50.

time, you should be armed. The latest, said to be the words of

:02:50.:02:53.

Colonel Gaddafi, who, from the beginning, has about martyrdom or

:02:53.:02:59.

victory, but there would be no in- between for this leader who has

:02:59.:03:04.

dominated and personalised his country's Politics for a knee the

:03:04.:03:08.

42 years. The rebels continue to advance, but there are still

:03:08.:03:13.

pockets of fighting what they are taking on loyalists of Colonel

:03:13.:03:18.

Gaddafi. Let's take a look at where some of the strongest fighting is

:03:18.:03:27.

taking place. This is where the fighting. This is a picture --

:03:27.:03:31.

district of Tripoli. It lies on the main road towards the airport. The

:03:31.:03:36.

rebels have been pushing towards that area for a few days. It is the

:03:36.:03:39.

place of the notorious prison where some prisoners have already escaped

:03:39.:03:44.

and the rebels say they went to free all of them. There was also

:03:44.:03:49.

fighting around his former or compound around a cluster of

:03:49.:03:52.

apartment blocks where there was a report that actually Colonel

:03:52.:03:58.

Gaddafi and members of his family had actually taken refuge. And also,

:03:58.:04:03.

there was some fire fights around this hotel along the coast. These

:04:03.:04:08.

are pockets of resistance, showing that the city of Tripoli has not

:04:08.:04:12.

been completely won over by the rebels. But when you travel across

:04:12.:04:16.

the city, you realise that the rebels are in control of the vast

:04:16.:04:20.

majority. Checkpoint after checkpoint, some of them just

:04:20.:04:25.

concrete blocks, rebels with their T-shirts and hats waving victory

:04:25.:04:32.

signs. They are in charge across most of the city. When we went to

:04:32.:04:37.

the compound macro today, it is in rebel hands. I have this report now

:04:38.:04:45.

from my colleague. Descending into Colonel Gaddafi's

:04:45.:04:49.

underground fortress. A warren of tunnels which run for miles and

:04:49.:04:54.

could have been his escape route. Today, rebel fighters were taking

:04:54.:05:01.

the tour, seeing where his troops had been holed up. Abandoned in a

:05:01.:05:09.

corner, some of their supplies. This underground labyrinth, the

:05:09.:05:13.

secret world, was incredibly well constructed. The ceilings are very

:05:13.:05:18.

high, the ball -- walls of very soured. I have just found a phone

:05:18.:05:22.

which was used for internal communications. This is a motorised

:05:22.:05:27.

cart. It looks like a golf buggy. Who knows if the leader was

:05:27.:05:32.

transported through these tunnels in his cart. The Libyan leader

:05:32.:05:36.

thought he would not be disturbed cheer, behind these reinforced

:05:36.:05:41.

doors. But while he may have been able to flee into the shadows,

:05:41.:05:46.

above ground, others were cut down in the battle for Tripoli. At the

:05:46.:05:52.

edge of the conference today, we found bodies lying where they fell.

:05:52.:05:57.

We cannot say who killed them. But this man appears to have been

:05:57.:06:02.

executed. His hands were still do that -- was still bound. A short

:06:02.:06:07.

distance away, the rebels are hunting for a sniper's nest. At the

:06:07.:06:16.

head, a glimpse of a bigger threat. Could these be enemy troops? That

:06:16.:06:26.
:06:26.:06:31.

was the answer. Soon, a full scale a street battle. The fighters were

:06:31.:06:40.

dangerously exposed. They brought out their improvised be Keegan's. -

:06:40.:06:50.
:06:50.:06:50.

- guns and their rocket-propelled grenades.

:06:50.:06:55.

Another burst of gunfire. They believe there are Colonel Gaddafi's

:06:55.:07:04.

troops just a little distance at this road. We are about -- for

:07:04.:07:13.

about an hour, more came down. Eventually, we managed to get away.

:07:13.:07:18.

This was just one pocket of resistance. When knows how many

:07:18.:07:28.
:07:28.:07:29.

more there may be? And how long it will take to three. Down the road,

:07:29.:07:35.

this man told us his entire family is trapped behind enemy lines. I am

:07:35.:07:40.

ready to die to get them out, he said. The rebels are tightening

:07:40.:07:50.

their grip year, but in the capital, things are still dangerous.

:07:50.:07:54.

Now that he is losing what had been an iron grip on this country,

:07:54.:07:58.

evidence is emerging of the abuses committed by his forces. He has

:07:58.:08:06.

been indicted for war -- war crimes. Today, my colleague visited a

:08:06.:08:12.

hospital in Tripoli and found evidence of just that.

:08:12.:08:16.

Outside this hospital, they are loading the remains of 17 men on to

:08:16.:08:20.

a track. The bodies were brought to yesterday and handed over to a

:08:20.:08:24.

shocked and horrified -- horrified staff. They think these men were

:08:24.:08:30.

picked at a buyer Colonel Gaddafi forces at checkpoints and taken to

:08:30.:08:33.

a schoolhouse near here which was being used as a temporary prison.

:08:33.:08:38.

They were then tortured and were executed. The stench here is

:08:38.:08:42.

appalling. I have been inside and I can tell you that one of the

:08:42.:08:47.

victims looks about 15 years old. This is the scene of a war crimes

:08:47.:08:51.

investigation. This doctor from Manchester who is volunteering in

:08:51.:08:55.

Libya is suddenly its chief investigator. We spent some time

:08:55.:08:58.

examining the bodies so that these things could be documented in case

:08:58.:09:02.

they needed to be a cent as evidence for the International

:09:02.:09:07.

Criminal Court. A lot of the injuries, about half of the 17th of

:09:07.:09:12.

-- bodies had bullet went to the back of the head. Many had injuries

:09:12.:09:17.

to the limbs and legs and hands that could not be explained. Inside

:09:17.:09:21.

the hospital, the wards are crowded with wanted rebels and civilians.

:09:21.:09:25.

Doctors say they have been overwhelmed by the fighting. In a

:09:25.:09:31.

corner of one ward, we meet this man. He is the only survivor of the

:09:31.:09:38.

school executions. TRANSLATION: He says they were tortured for days.

:09:38.:09:43.

You're in was poured over them. Finally, two nights ago, they were

:09:43.:09:49.

ordered outside. -- you rain. The men were made to kneel against a

:09:49.:09:56.

wall and then sprayed with machine- gun fire.

:09:56.:10:00.

If they to catch him alive, evidence will be crucial to a

:10:00.:10:06.

prosecution at the Hague. That is the situation in Tripoli.

:10:06.:10:12.

There has also been fighting today outside Tripoli in the most intense

:10:12.:10:16.

was in the city of Sirte which lies more than 400 kilometres from the

:10:16.:10:23.

capital. It is the tribal stronghold and the

:10:23.:10:27.

birthplace of Colonel Gaddafi. It is believed to be where his diehard

:10:27.:10:32.

loyalists have taken refuge. The rebels say they would like to

:10:32.:10:35.

negotiate a peaceful surrender of the Tang, but they say they are

:10:35.:10:43.

also ready for a fight. My colleague is travelling there.

:10:43.:10:53.
:10:53.:10:55.

It is not over yet. Though the battlefield is shrinking. These

:10:55.:10:59.

rebels are pushing up reinforcements. There are facing a

:11:00.:11:06.

stubborn enemy. We are 60 miles from Sirte, Colonel Gaddafi's home

:11:06.:11:10.

town. His forces had been expected to retreat there to make a last

:11:10.:11:17.

stand, but they have not been falling back. Far from it. We are

:11:17.:11:22.

engaged with the enemy. But that is run this morning. Maybe you could

:11:22.:11:26.

share the explosions every now and again. They had the chance to get

:11:26.:11:33.

back to Sirte, but they did not. They are still attacking? You can

:11:33.:11:38.

see they are attacking us. group of rebels believe they are

:11:38.:11:41.

facing more than 1000 Colonel Gaddafi troops a few miles up the

:11:41.:11:48.

road. They are baffled by the continued resistance. Colonel

:11:48.:11:53.

Gaddafi ran away. They got Tripoli, game over. I do not know what they

:11:53.:11:58.

are fighting for. They must believe in the sky. I do not know. We have

:11:58.:12:03.

got a minute a corner. It is just a matter of time. The rebels still

:12:03.:12:08.

hope that talks with tribal leaders will end this peacefully. If not,

:12:08.:12:14.

they are building up forces on either side of the town. Military

:12:14.:12:16.

commanders on the site had confidently predicted that once

:12:17.:12:20.

Colonel Gaddafi was removed from power, his followers would simply

:12:20.:12:25.

give up the fight. But some of the loyalists at least are confounding

:12:25.:12:30.

those expectations and seemed determined to fight for the last

:12:30.:12:35.

few slivers of territory which belongs to the old regime. This

:12:35.:12:41.

afternoon, exchanges between the Colonel Gaddafi troops artillery

:12:41.:12:48.

and the rebel tanks. Both sides seem to be digging in for a long

:12:48.:12:58.
:12:58.:12:58.

struggle. These are the last dying days off

:12:58.:13:04.

Colonel Gaddafi's more than 40 year rule. In Tripoli, signs of the city

:13:04.:13:11.

is resuming its normal days. Even a paint shop in one neighbourhood has

:13:11.:13:18.

reopened. One priority might be to paint all of those doors green for

:13:18.:13:23.

Colonel Gaddafi's Green Revolution. But the city needs a new government.

:13:23.:13:26.

The rebel leadership based in Benghazi has said it will be

:13:26.:13:30.

cautious. It will not come to Tripoli until the security

:13:30.:13:34.

situation has stabilised. They promise their first task would be

:13:34.:13:40.

to restore order, disarm the people carrying guns and to bring justice.

:13:40.:13:45.

It is a tall order by any standard. First of all, there has to be

:13:45.:13:48.

security. We will keep an eye on all the developments year. By were

:13:49.:13:55.

handed back to the studio. While on the ground the rebels

:13:55.:14:00.

continued to face stubborn resistance from sources loyal to

:14:00.:14:10.

Colonel Gaddafi, they are making smooth process. The Arab League has

:14:10.:14:18.

recognised the council as a Libya's government.

:14:18.:14:22.

Italy has become the latest country to bidding and freezing seized

:14:22.:14:29.

Libyan assets after a meeting in Milan, the Italian Prime Minister

:14:29.:14:34.

said that more than $500 million would be made available to the

:14:34.:14:38.

rebels. Meanwhile, leaders at the Libya Contact Group meeting in

:14:38.:14:43.

Istanbul have called for the un to release $1.5 billion worth of

:14:43.:14:48.

confiscated assets. That move is supported by the West but currently

:14:48.:14:56.

being blocked by a South Africa. It's ambassador said that funding

:14:56.:15:04.

Britain's government says the pressure on South Africa will be

:15:04.:15:09.

maintained. We are supporting efforts by the United States to

:15:09.:15:13.

freeze the assets held in the United States, South Africa has had

:15:13.:15:23.
:15:23.:15:25.

I spoke to my South African counterpart yesterday about this.

:15:25.:15:29.

The Prime Minister has spoken to Jacob Zuma this morning. Joining me

:15:29.:15:33.

from South Africa is a doctor from the University of Johannesburg's

:15:33.:15:38.

Centre for Policy Studies. Thank you very much. You believe that a

:15:38.:15:47.

lot of what NATO is doing here is over reaching? Frankly, I think

:15:47.:15:52.

that is an understatement. It is not just over-reaching, it is

:15:52.:15:57.

taking international call into but their own hands. It verges on rogue

:15:57.:16:02.

behaviour. So much for getting rid of a dictator, and what a dictator

:16:02.:16:08.

he is, but that does not give NATO the authority to, under the banner

:16:08.:16:14.

of freedom and democracy, do as it pleases. Even the suggestion that

:16:14.:16:20.

they will maintain pressure on South Africa smacks of such

:16:20.:16:26.

international cockiness. Even on freezing assets, the United

:16:26.:16:31.

Nations' voice, the African Union's voice, it is not known. South

:16:31.:16:34.

Africa is expected to bend over and do the bidding of the Western

:16:34.:16:39.

powers. If the African Union and South Africa are waiting for more

:16:39.:16:42.

indication from the Libyan people of what their desires are, what

:16:42.:16:49.

more do they want? I do not think it is about that. Should not be

:16:49.:16:54.

about the Libyan people? It is about principles. It is about the

:16:54.:16:57.

rule of law. We have not found out how the Libyan people have

:16:57.:17:01.

expressed themselves other than through bombardment. I have no

:17:01.:17:07.

doubt in my mind that they would like to see the tyrannical Colonel

:17:07.:17:11.

Gaddafi goal, and the sooner the better. But the reality is that

:17:11.:17:19.

South Africa never voted in favour of bombings. If South Africa did,

:17:19.:17:23.

it would not make the position right. It is the principle that

:17:23.:17:32.

NATO has given a mandate to go and impose a no Sly Stone -- no fly

:17:32.:17:37.

zone. They have turned this into a regime change mission. It smacks of

:17:37.:17:41.

suggestions that it is only Colonel Gaddafi's forces that have

:17:41.:17:46.

committed acts of terror and war crimes here. That is blatantly not

:17:46.:17:52.

the case. Everyone can see that there is a war going on. I cannot

:17:52.:17:55.

imagine that we could come to the conclusion that it is only one side.

:17:55.:17:59.

This is about one country standing up for the rule of international

:18:00.:18:06.

law. Doctor, if NATO were to step back and the African Union stepped

:18:06.:18:11.

up, it is an African problem with an African solution, what more

:18:11.:18:21.

could they do in practical terms to help Libya? They could cope back to

:18:21.:18:27.

the African Union's road map, which calls for negotiations by both

:18:27.:18:34.

sides, even after removing Colonel Gaddafi. If only one state comes up,

:18:34.:18:38.

it is believed that for lasting peace, they should engage those

:18:38.:18:42.

people and make them part of the resolution in favour of lasting

:18:42.:18:48.

peace. It does not make the country's position wrong. After the

:18:48.:18:52.

suggestion that the African Union did not act enough, nothing could

:18:52.:18:56.

be further from the truth. The African Union was the first

:18:56.:19:01.

international organisation, the very first, not second or third,

:19:02.:19:06.

the first to actually decide on what should happen in Libya. NATO

:19:06.:19:13.

refused to take the African Union's voice into account. It is good that

:19:13.:19:17.

somebody is standing up to say that Africans have a voice and they have

:19:17.:19:23.

a perspective. Thank you very much. A look at some

:19:23.:19:28.

of the day's other news. The United Nations has called upon Syria's

:19:28.:19:33.

President Assad to stop military action against protesters. The

:19:33.:19:36.

Under-Secretary urged the President to end violence against the Syrian

:19:36.:19:44.

people. Since Ramadan began on 1st August, tanks have entered the city

:19:45.:19:50.

-- a number of cities, trying to crush dissent after street protests.

:19:50.:19:54.

Shellac a's President has announced the withdrawal of wartime emergency

:19:54.:19:59.

laws introduced 28 years ago to fight the Tamil Tigers. He told

:19:59.:20:02.

parliament that the laws are no longer needed since the defeat of

:20:02.:20:06.

the rebels two years ago. The India's Prime Minister has

:20:06.:20:11.

asked parliament to hold a full debate on an anti-corruption reform

:20:11.:20:16.

proposal. Manmohan Singh has made a passionate appeal to Anna Hazare to

:20:16.:20:22.

end his hunger strike, now into his 10th day. The movement supporting

:20:22.:20:25.

him is still growing, reports suggest.

:20:25.:20:30.

The company that revolutionised entertainment and entertainment --

:20:30.:20:33.

communication with the iPhone, iPad and communication devices has

:20:33.:20:37.

entered a new era without Steve Jobs at the helm. He says he can no

:20:37.:20:43.

longer handle the job and is stepping down as Chief Executive.

:20:43.:20:50.

He is seen as apple's architect. I feel very lucky that I get to be

:20:50.:20:55.

a part-time employee and I get to work for kill and advise him on

:20:55.:21:05.
:21:05.:21:14.

Actually, now, I think it is great. What it means is that we have now

:21:14.:21:20.

convince them that we have taken care of last month's question. And

:21:20.:21:23.

they are on to the next one. I thought, let us get ahead of the

:21:23.:21:33.
:21:33.:21:35.

Anyone can make music now. Something that is this thick and

:21:35.:21:44.

weighs 1.3lbs, it is unbelievable. This is your music, this is your e-

:21:44.:21:51.

mail. And we collared the iPad. Let me show it to you now. -- we call

:21:51.:21:55.

it. This is what it looks like. Do you like everything so far?

:21:55.:22:03.

APPLAUSE. I will try not to blow it. Joining

:22:04.:22:07.

me from new yard fire webcam is Philip Elmer-Dewitt, the editor of

:22:07.:22:17.
:22:17.:22:18.

the apple to. Old block for Fortune magazine. -- 2.0 blog. How can you

:22:18.:22:21.

conceive of Apple without Steve Jobs? He seems essential to its

:22:21.:22:26.

success. That Lee Kane is perfect. The attention to detail, the timing

:22:26.:22:31.

that went into those adverts and presentations, what you now see is

:22:31.:22:38.

a very carefully staged exit from Apple, which he has been working on

:22:38.:22:43.

for four first a CBEs of medical details, handed out one at a time,

:22:44.:22:48.

then a series of medical leaves. -- a series. Some keynote speeches

:22:48.:22:54.

which he started to introduce people beneath them, and now this

:22:54.:22:57.

hand-off of BC Old title. He assumed the Serran of the Board

:22:58.:23:03.

title. -- chairman of the board. He lets everyone know he was still

:23:03.:23:06.

have a hand in products getting developed, which is what investors

:23:06.:23:12.

want to see. It ends up being a non-event on Wall Street. Apple's

:23:12.:23:17.

stock went down less today than the market. It worked. He went -- she

:23:17.:23:20.

did a great job. You could say that Tim Cook has been running the

:23:21.:23:24.

company in all but name for a few months but he is not a household

:23:24.:23:30.

name. Can he set up to the challenge? Tim Cook is a pretty

:23:30.:23:36.

boring guy. He runs a supply chain like nobody else, he is a genius at

:23:36.:23:41.

getting the trains to run on time, but no, there is not going to be a

:23:41.:23:46.

front man quite like Steve Jobs. Steve Jobs is a genius at this.

:23:46.:23:50.

Recognising that, having a charismatic leader at the head of

:23:50.:23:53.

the company was much better than having a team of bureaucrats. The

:23:53.:23:58.

price he paid was that people so identified the company with him

:23:58.:24:03.

that they could not imagine it without him. It will be different.

:24:03.:24:08.

There is a saying at Apple that his DNA has been instilled in everyone

:24:08.:24:13.

in the company and I think that is true. He has very smart people

:24:13.:24:16.

underneath him working in the design and marketing department.

:24:16.:24:22.

But what is different is that when it is time to decide to push the

:24:22.:24:25.

button and the land -- and build a new product, they used to have this

:24:25.:24:31.

one guy who made the decision. Now it is probably going to be like a

:24:31.:24:34.

committee, more like other companies, and to water makes the

:24:34.:24:38.

decision will not have the authority that founder of Apple Hat.

:24:38.:24:45.

Briefly, what is the biggest challenge for them now? -- apple

:24:45.:24:52.

hat. The challenges the next device. They have won all the markets that

:24:52.:24:56.

they are in. What will be the next killer device? I am told they have

:24:56.:25:02.

products lined up until 2015 but after that, that is the question.

:25:02.:25:06.

Thank you very much. My pleasure. The eastern coast of the United

:25:06.:25:11.

States is bracing itself for the onslaught of Hurricane Irene. The

:25:11.:25:15.

storm has destroyed the homes and brought down power lines in the

:25:15.:25:19.

Bahamas with winds of almost 200mph. Hurricane Irene is expected to

:25:20.:25:24.

strengthen as it heads towards the east coast, over New York and

:25:24.:25:30.

Boston. Steve Kingston has the latest.

:25:30.:25:35.

Introducing Hurricane Irene. 150 miles an hour of menace, slamming

:25:35.:25:41.

into the Bahamas. The category Three hurricane toppled trees and

:25:41.:25:46.

power lines. Local reports say that in one coastal settlements, entire

:25:46.:25:53.

homes have been swept away. The eye of the storm, 65 miles east north-

:25:53.:25:57.

east of Massa. If from the International Space Station, a

:25:57.:26:01.

sense of the enormity of the hurricane. 500 miles from one side

:26:01.:26:07.

to the other, bearing down on America. On the islands of North

:26:07.:26:11.

Carolina, they are selling out generators and emergency supplies.

:26:11.:26:15.

Many are leaving now, rather than risk the wind and massive tidal

:26:15.:26:21.

surges expected. If the bad storm hits directly, it will not take

:26:21.:26:27.

much of an elevation of sea level to create a lot of havoc. Further

:26:27.:26:32.

north, the US Navy is moving warships away from their base in

:26:32.:26:36.

Virginia. Along the east coast, communities up to New York and Cape

:26:36.:26:44.

Cod are bracing themselves for what may lie ahead. The that is all from

:26:44.:26:47.

the programme. Next, the weather. For now, from me

:26:47.:26:57.
:26:57.:27:02.

After a day showers tonight, for South West Wales and south-west

:27:02.:27:06.

England, heavy downpours continue. The rain returning to south-east

:27:06.:27:09.

England, giving wet and breezy conditions to other parts of

:27:09.:27:13.

eastern England through the day tomorrow. This area of low pressure

:27:13.:27:17.

running up through the North Sea. It will eventually park close to

:27:17.:27:22.

Scotland for the weekend. But this is the picture for Friday. Heavy

:27:22.:27:27.

rain in the east and the risk of local flooding. It will turn very

:27:27.:27:32.

wet across much of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Heavy and persistent

:27:32.:27:36.

rain. Slow improvement in the south-east with skies brightening.

:27:36.:27:40.

More showers will follow. In central and southern England, some

:27:40.:27:46.

of the sharers could be heavy. With some bright spells in between. --

:27:46.:27:54.

of the showers. There will be spells of sunshine in Wales, and in

:27:54.:27:58.

north-west England. Some showers for Northern Ireland but mainly dry

:27:58.:28:03.

with bright spells. Eight few showers to be founded Scotland,

:28:03.:28:11.

hit-and-miss in nature. We can see the process underway on Friday

:28:12.:28:15.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS