31/08/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.


Rebel soldiers strengthen their positions around Sirte, as the


clock ticks on an ultimatum for Gaddafi's forces to surrender.


After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have been told that if


they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in.


For the first time in four decades, Tripoli celebrates Eid without


Gaddafi. But who exactly will govern the capital now?


The Kosovo Albanian radicalised by online Islamist propaganda pleads


guilty to killing two US servicemen in Germany. There is a maul right


at the top of the circus. -- mole. How European film studios are


giving Hollywood a run for its money at the Venice Festival.


And Winston Churchill called it "the most dangerous journey in the


world". It is 70 years since these ships crossed the Arctic to supply


Soviet troops fighting the Nazis. Hello and welcome.


Libya's National Transitional Council says it does not need or


want help from the United Nations. Rebel leaders have given Gaddafi


loyalists in the ousted leader's home town of Sirte until Saturday


to surrender. Colonel Gaddafi is reported to have made a radio


broadcast, urging people in Sirte not to surrender. National


Transitional Council forces continue to move east from the


capital Tripoli and west from Benghazi towards those forces.


People here in the Tripoli are continuing to celebrate, not only


the liberation of the city, but also the holy festival of Eid al-


Fitr. There have been celebrations all through the day to day. And yet,


this is still a country in limbo somewhat. What's of uncertainty and


unanswered questions. Where is Colonel Gaddafi? What will happen


in Sirte, the stronghold, the police of his birth. Sirte is about


400 kilometres east of here. The rebels have moved towards it from


East and West. They have issued an ultimatum, that if they get that


the loyalists there have not surrendered by Saturday, they will


attack with a full-blooded assault. Our world affairs correspondent,


Paul Wood, reports from the Eid al-Fitr prayers in a hamlet.


Fighters and villagers men going easily. This place changed hands a


few days ago. The latest stop in the rebel advance to the town of


Sirte. Vietnam angrily denounces the Gaddafi forces who had been


there. They beat people, they destroyed things, he says. Colonel


Gaddafi's troops have fled now and the rebels say they do not want any


fighting during the holiday. The fighters have told that they will


be a pause in their operations for a few days. That is partly because


of the holiday, but it is also to give an opportunity for peace talks


with tribal leaders. After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have


been told if they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in. The


fighters still hope it will not come to that. They say they have no


appetite for revenge. My brothers, they are my brothers. We hope to go


to separate. Without fighting, God willing. A few miles outside the


village, revel Scout try to locate the loyalist position. Gaddafi


forces fired a grad rockets at them this morning, DC. There is no


ceasefire. There are a few more days to sick you're one before the


battle for Sirte begins. -- a few more days to find one before the


battle for Sirte begins. Another correspondent is with the


rebel forces. This is what he told This is the West reproach to serve.


-- the Western approach to Sirte. The rebels did to consolidate their


control over the whole of Libya. These places are important because


they believe that key regime at loyalists, those that fled when


Tripoli was taken, are there. Two members of Gaddafi's family were


spotted and others are believed to have gone in that direction. What


you have here is one of the key front lines for the rebels, waiting


for orders whether or not to head into Sirte. For now, as seems that


strict orders have been sent to all rebel fighters to cease hostilities


until Eid al-Fitr is over. They are waiting for orders. This deadline


has been issued. If they do not lay down their weapons by Saturday,


these groups and that the troops in Ben Kasey are poised to attack. The


say they will fall any orders that there are given, but they have come


so far they feel that the final stretch is in sight.


Let us look ahead to the longer term and the future of Libya more


generally, away from the battlefield. The National


Transitional Council have rejected the idea that the United Nations


could send in peacekeeping troops. The transitional council have said


they do not needs any foreign troops on the ground to help them


with the transition from the Gaddafi dictatorship to a modern


democracy. There is, while the National Transitional Council are


based in Benghazi and have not arrived here in Tripoli, there is


something of a power vacuum here in the capital. The city really is


controlled by different factions from different parts of Libya,


different rebel groups controlling different areas. There are some


worries that that could lead to a rival bid between different


factions, also that some Islamist factions might gain control. People


perhaps with links to the Taliban, The war has swept through Tripoli


and back into the desert, taking the Colonel Gaddafi with it.


Gunfire is for celebration now, not for killing and prayers for Eid al-


Fitr, the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Just after dawn, the


former Green Square, now named after Libya's martyr's is full and


with memories of 40 years of dictatorship. They killed her


children, he said. And the rate hour women, he is a murder and God


will punish him. -- the reader to our women and he is a murderer.


Dewar had already touched the street. On 19th June, and NATO


mistake killed a family here. This man can say that the fighters gave


their lives and we think it is going to be fine for our family now.


Tripoli is feeling very local at the moment. The people are looking


after themselves and their families. They are looking after their


neighbourhoods. There is a vacuum at the top. The National


Transitional Council has been recognised by some of the biggest


powers in the world, but around here, at his local people that are


taking the decisions. And decision- making on the street starts with


these men, locals who picked up guns to fight the regime, stopping


to check us out. Anyone suspicious it's taken to this school,


requisitioned by the fighters. These three were suspected nurse


nowadays. The prisoners said they were innocent migrant workers


picked up because they were black. They were terrified and not much


reassured when their captors, all fighters from Tripoli, said there


would be justice in the new Libya. The hard part is starting now,


because now we have we to build a country, to have creative people,


to produce, we're going to do everything. Men with guns still set


the pace here, not civilian politicians who have been slow off


the mark. Long term, that does not equal stability.


So what happens next here in Libya? As we have seen here, the war is


not quite over it, the revolution is not quite complete. Joining me


from Washington is Marius Deed, Professor of Middle East studies at


Johns Hopkins University. What do you think they National


Transitional Council need to do in the next few months? It needs to


move quickly, it should not wait for Colonel Gaddafi to be captured.


It has a authority and legitimacy. This will move faster if it they


are on the ground in the Tripoli. There is also some concern about


who exactly is the opposition, who are the rebels. There are concerns


that there are different factions that may fall out, his list people


with the nerve that have some extremist links. What is your view


of that? There are different groups, but I am optimistic. The top leader


of the National Transitional Council is composed of people that


have tremendous credentials and all believe in the rule of law. In a


way, this provides some kind of assurance that the rule of law is


going to be the norm after the rule of a Gaddafi, which was lawless and


are based on tyranny and oppression. How easy or difficult do you think


it will be for the new, interim administration, when it is formed


in it Tripoli, to get at democracy up and running? There have been all


the democratic elections here since 1952. How hard will that be? It is


not going to be easy, but I do not think it will be extremely


difficult. People are ready for a system which is open, where they


can elect their own representatives, freely. Sirte is made of tribes and


different regions. In a way, this helps a democracy. Democracy is


about local politics, about electing candidates who will


represent them in a parliament. I think it is very possible that


democracy will be established soon after the war and the triumph of


the the revolution. The idea that no more than 18 months until a


government is established and there is a different constitution. I


think they have had it with the repression and the dictatorship,


they do not want to hear about it. What are they want -- what they


want his freedom and human dignity. Thank you for joining us.


Now a summary of what is happening here in a Tripoli. Water is in


desperately short supply. There is a huge pipeline that runs 1,000


kilometres from the south. No water is coming along that pipeline.


Water is in desperately short supply. The transitional council


want frozen assets on a frozen as soon as possible. That has happened


with the �1 billion worth of assets in the United Kingdom. That has


been on a frozen, Libyan of bank notes that are being flown by the


British RAF to Libya so that that money can start to get into supply.


A lot of people here have not been paid for months. There is literally


no money in many people's pockets. Those are the problems that people


are facing here. They are being patient at the moment, but that


patient may run out in the next weeks and months. That is the


latest from Tripoli. I will hand Now a look at some of the day's


other news. He told the court in Frankfurt he


had been radical art by looking at online propaganda.


The suspect said it contradicted his beliefs. He went it took a


military bus and asked one of them for a light before shooting him in


the head. He went on to the bus shouting, God is great, in Arabic,


and shot another servicemen dead. He wounded two more. He fled, to be


caught in the terminal. He said he acted after seeing a video on


Facebook. It was an anti- America propaganda video, which used clips


and anti-war film. The 9/11 attacks were planned by people attended a


mosque in Hamburg. It was thought that he might be part of a bigger


organisation. It turned out he was just a crazed individual. He said,


what I did was wrong but cannot be undone. His trial is estimated to


last for 10 days. He will probably get life imprisonment, which means


in Germany, about 15 years. The authorities in Nigeria say they've


arrested two members of the Islamist group, Boko Haram, in


connection with last week's bombing of the UN office in the capital,


Abuja. Boko Haram said it carried out the


suicide attack which killed more than twenty people. The group is


alleged to have links with Al Qaeda. The Nigerian government has asked


America's FBI for help in investigating the incident.


BP has claimed that a raid by investigators of its offices in


Moscow is an attempt to apply pressure on its business in Russia.


The company says the action is linked to a court case in Western


Siberia, which relates to the collapse of BP's Arctic oil


exploration deal with Rosneft. Australia's High Court has blocked


government plans for a refugee swap with Malaysia. It ruled that the


human rights of asylum seekers who went to Malaysia could not be


guaranteed. The Australian government has called the verdict


"disappointing." An 11-year-old boy has become the


youngest person to be sentenced over his part in the riots in


London earlier this month. The boy, who can't be named for legal


reasons, was given an 18 month rehabilitation order after stealing


a rubbish bin from the Debenhams department store..


Stars, filmmakers and fans are gathering in Venice for the annual


film festival, with a some hotly anticipated titles. But this year's


line-up of films making their world premiere includes a high number of


big budget productions made and financed in Europe rather than


Hollywood. And these are not just art-house films, but high profile


pictures with big-name actors and directors. There's a mole at the


top of the circus... Tinker tailor soldier Spy is the


quintessential spy movie that has been made for Hollywood, you would


think, but it was made in France. It is financed by a French company,


which believes the film has a strong appeal for European


audiences. With stars like Colin Firth and John Hurt, it makes sense.


Tinker, tailor... Soldier... Spy... Films of the European sensibility


have more chance of getting made on this side of the Atlantic,


particularly with Hollywood studios currently obsessed with making


super hero franchised movies. If these can make money outside Europe,


they could provide Hollywood with much-needed competition. Carnage is


the latest movie from Roman Polanski. It is another pan-


European co-production, financed in France. Sex. A male. David


Cronenberg's latest film is set in Zurich and Vienna, and funded by


Europe. Setting up a pan-European super studio to rival Hollywood has


long been a dream for European film makers. If the line up at the


Venice Festival is anything to go by, it is a dream that might just


be getting a bit closer. But there are some films that could


not be made anywhere other than America. One such movie was


released today in New York. Rebirth looks back at the struggles of five


individuals who were traumatised by the terror attacks of 9/11. It's


just one of several films which have attempted to capture the


horror of both the day and its aftermath. Ten years on, Tom Brook


has been looking at the impact of 9/11 on Hollywood.


On that day, the attacks were being described as a keen to way


Hollywood movie. It's right out of a disaster movie, but it is very


real... It shook up the film industry. It is unlike anything I


can think of in my lifetime. Therefore, the film industry, which


is a secondary factor, will change. What did change in Hollywood? 9/11


did not bring forth any great cinema classics, but it caught the


attention of film-makers. created a great desire to address


why this happened. And how it happened, and what do we do now,


and how do we deal with this NME? Some academics who have taught


courses on a 9/11 or doubt whether anything will ever capture the


horror of the day. These two magnificent buildings coming down,


no artistic cinematic way possible to represent that, make it feel the


way the actual event made you feel. Hollywood was hesitant initially.


It took time. The first studio pictures, like Oliver Stone's film


in 2003, focused more on the Americans. In terms of larger


issues about why this happened at all, America's place in the global


world, I do not think Hollywood went very fine capturing those


things. Those are by definition adult themes, and Hollywood is not


orientated to making adult movies. It is orientated to making fantasy


films for teenagers. More scenes where explored in documentaries.


Non-political documentaries also addressed psychological


complexities. Rebirth followed some individuals are becoming the


traumas following 9/11. It shows how a human being shines through a


person. Cinnamon in this particular place takes it through the years --


cinema in this particular place to take it through the years.


Hollywood has yet to make a movie they can be seen as a definitive


9/11 film, most agree. That is because the narrative to explain it


all is still emerging. Two months after Hitler attacked


the Soviet Union, the first of the 78 Allied Arctic Convoys docked in


the port of Arkhangel in northern Russia. It's now 70 years since


those ships arrived, carrying vital supplies for Soviet troops fighting


the Nazis. Dozens of British ships were destroyed by German U boats


and bomber jets as they made the perilous journey. Today a group of


British war veterans are in the northern Russian city of


Arkhangelsk to mark the occasion. Steve Rosenberg reports.


Winston Churchill called it the worst journey in the world. Through


thick fog and freezing cold, under attack from German U-boats and


fighter-bombers, the Arctic convoys battled their way to have Russia.


British ships helped keep the Soviet Union supplied with fuel.


But at a cost. Over 100 allied vessels never made it back home.


Today, British veterans of the convoy's returned to Arkhangel. A


chance for these men to honour the memory of the 3,000 sailors who


lost their lives maintaining Russia's lifeline. We thought, this


is hell, Absolute Hell, I do not ever want this to happen again. I


look back, and think, it was one of the proudest moments of my life, to


have done such a thing. These veterans have been welcomed back as


heroes. Russia says it will never forget the contribution they made


and the risks they took to help Russia win of the war. Back home,


some convoy veterans feel that Britain has forgotten them. William


Grenfell is campaigning for veterans of the Arctic convoys to


be awarded medals. He thinks they are long overdue. There are


probably a large number of highly placed people in this country who


just could not stomach the idea of British men having a medal for


helping the Russians. So many years have gone by, for goodness sake!


What these men did is hugely significant. But against the


backdrop of World War II, it has to be put into perspective. This time


for the veterans, the fighting was not real, but the French reports.


Here, they will always be remembered as heroes.


A reminder of our main news. Sporadic clashes have continued


between Libyan opposition forces and Colonel Gaddafi loyalists near


the town of Bani Walid where rebels believe the Colonel may be hiding.


The opposition National Transitional Council has given both


Bani Walid and Colonel Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte until Saturday to


surrender. In Germany, 21-year-old has


admitted that he killed two US servicemen in Frankfurt. He


expressed regret for what he had done. He had become radical Arab --


he had become radical lysed by propaganda. That's all from the


programme. Next, the weather. The Good evening. It has been a


cloudy story for most of the UK today. Tomorrow should stay largely


dry. Here's the reason for that. High pressure across the UK stays


with us on Thursday. Low-pressure lurking towards the West and that


will go into northern areas. Despite a cloud is that for most,


most places will brighten with some spells of sunshine coming through


false for north-east England, Thursday afternoon, they have is a


chance of the odd shower but nothing more than that. For the


Midlands, East Anglia and south- east England, a lovely afternoon.


Pleasant spells of sunshine. Highs of 20, 21. Across Wales and South


western parts of England, very promising for Thursday afternoon.


Temperatures in the low twenties. Cloud amounts will vary in Northern


Ireland. Bright skies for western Scotland, but further east, it is


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