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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.
Rebel soldiers strengthen their positions around Sirte, as the
clock ticks on an ultimatum for Gaddafi's forces to surrender.
After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have been told that if
they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in.
For the first time in four decades, Tripoli celebrates Eid without
Gaddafi. But who exactly will govern the capital now?
The Kosovo Albanian radicalised by online Islamist propaganda pleads
guilty to killing two US servicemen in Germany. There is a maul right
at the top of the circus. -- mole. How European film studios are
giving Hollywood a run for its money at the Venice Festival.
And Winston Churchill called it "the most dangerous journey in the
world". It is 70 years since these ships crossed the Arctic to supply
Soviet troops fighting the Nazis. Hello and welcome.
Libya's National Transitional Council says it does not need or
want help from the United Nations. Rebel leaders have given Gaddafi
loyalists in the ousted leader's home town of Sirte until Saturday
to surrender. Colonel Gaddafi is reported to have made a radio
broadcast, urging people in Sirte not to surrender. National
Transitional Council forces continue to move east from the
capital Tripoli and west from Benghazi towards those forces.
People here in the Tripoli are continuing to celebrate, not only
the liberation of the city, but also the holy festival of Eid al-
Fitr. There have been celebrations all through the day to day. And yet,
this is still a country in limbo somewhat. What's of uncertainty and
unanswered questions. Where is Colonel Gaddafi? What will happen
in Sirte, the stronghold, the police of his birth. Sirte is about
400 kilometres east of here. The rebels have moved towards it from
East and West. They have issued an ultimatum, that if they get that
the loyalists there have not surrendered by Saturday, they will
attack with a full-blooded assault. Our world affairs correspondent,
Paul Wood, reports from the Eid al-Fitr prayers in a hamlet.
Fighters and villagers men going easily. This place changed hands a
few days ago. The latest stop in the rebel advance to the town of
Sirte. Vietnam angrily denounces the Gaddafi forces who had been
there. They beat people, they destroyed things, he says. Colonel
Gaddafi's troops have fled now and the rebels say they do not want any
fighting during the holiday. The fighters have told that they will
be a pause in their operations for a few days. That is partly because
of the holiday, but it is also to give an opportunity for peace talks
with tribal leaders. After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have
been told if they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in. The
fighters still hope it will not come to that. They say they have no
appetite for revenge. My brothers, they are my brothers. We hope to go
to separate. Without fighting, God willing. A few miles outside the
village, revel Scout try to locate the loyalist position. Gaddafi
forces fired a grad rockets at them this morning, DC. There is no
ceasefire. There are a few more days to sick you're one before the
battle for Sirte begins. -- a few more days to find one before the
battle for Sirte begins. Another correspondent is with the
rebel forces. This is what he told This is the West reproach to serve.
-- the Western approach to Sirte. The rebels did to consolidate their
control over the whole of Libya. These places are important because
they believe that key regime at loyalists, those that fled when
Tripoli was taken, are there. Two members of Gaddafi's family were
spotted and others are believed to have gone in that direction. What
you have here is one of the key front lines for the rebels, waiting
for orders whether or not to head into Sirte. For now, as seems that
strict orders have been sent to all rebel fighters to cease hostilities
until Eid al-Fitr is over. They are waiting for orders. This deadline
has been issued. If they do not lay down their weapons by Saturday,
these groups and that the troops in Ben Kasey are poised to attack. The
say they will fall any orders that there are given, but they have come
so far they feel that the final stretch is in sight.
Let us look ahead to the longer term and the future of Libya more
generally, away from the battlefield. The National
Transitional Council have rejected the idea that the United Nations
could send in peacekeeping troops. The transitional council have said
they do not needs any foreign troops on the ground to help them
with the transition from the Gaddafi dictatorship to a modern
democracy. There is, while the National Transitional Council are
based in Benghazi and have not arrived here in Tripoli, there is
something of a power vacuum here in the capital. The city really is
controlled by different factions from different parts of Libya,
different rebel groups controlling different areas. There are some
worries that that could lead to a rival bid between different
factions, also that some Islamist factions might gain control. People
perhaps with links to the Taliban, The war has swept through Tripoli
and back into the desert, taking the Colonel Gaddafi with it.
Gunfire is for celebration now, not for killing and prayers for Eid al-
Fitr, the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Just after dawn, the
former Green Square, now named after Libya's martyr's is full and
with memories of 40 years of dictatorship. They killed her
children, he said. And the rate hour women, he is a murder and God
will punish him. -- the reader to our women and he is a murderer.
Dewar had already touched the street. On 19th June, and NATO
mistake killed a family here. This man can say that the fighters gave
their lives and we think it is going to be fine for our family now.
Tripoli is feeling very local at the moment. The people are looking
after themselves and their families. They are looking after their
neighbourhoods. There is a vacuum at the top. The National
Transitional Council has been recognised by some of the biggest
powers in the world, but around here, at his local people that are
taking the decisions. And decision- making on the street starts with
these men, locals who picked up guns to fight the regime, stopping
to check us out. Anyone suspicious it's taken to this school,
requisitioned by the fighters. These three were suspected nurse
nowadays. The prisoners said they were innocent migrant workers
picked up because they were black. They were terrified and not much
reassured when their captors, all fighters from Tripoli, said there
would be justice in the new Libya. The hard part is starting now,
because now we have we to build a country, to have creative people,
to produce, we're going to do everything. Men with guns still set
the pace here, not civilian politicians who have been slow off
the mark. Long term, that does not equal stability.
So what happens next here in Libya? As we have seen here, the war is
not quite over it, the revolution is not quite complete. Joining me
from Washington is Marius Deed, Professor of Middle East studies at
Johns Hopkins University. What do you think they National
Transitional Council need to do in the next few months? It needs to
move quickly, it should not wait for Colonel Gaddafi to be captured.
It has a authority and legitimacy. This will move faster if it they
are on the ground in the Tripoli. There is also some concern about
who exactly is the opposition, who are the rebels. There are concerns
that there are different factions that may fall out, his list people
with the nerve that have some extremist links. What is your view
of that? There are different groups, but I am optimistic. The top leader
of the National Transitional Council is composed of people that
have tremendous credentials and all believe in the rule of law. In a
way, this provides some kind of assurance that the rule of law is
going to be the norm after the rule of a Gaddafi, which was lawless and
are based on tyranny and oppression. How easy or difficult do you think
it will be for the new, interim administration, when it is formed
in it Tripoli, to get at democracy up and running? There have been all
the democratic elections here since 1952. How hard will that be? It is
not going to be easy, but I do not think it will be extremely
difficult. People are ready for a system which is open, where they
can elect their own representatives, freely. Sirte is made of tribes and
different regions. In a way, this helps a democracy. Democracy is
about local politics, about electing candidates who will
represent them in a parliament. I think it is very possible that
democracy will be established soon after the war and the triumph of
the the revolution. The idea that no more than 18 months until a
government is established and there is a different constitution. I
think they have had it with the repression and the dictatorship,
they do not want to hear about it. What are they want -- what they
want his freedom and human dignity. Thank you for joining us.
Now a summary of what is happening here in a Tripoli. Water is in
desperately short supply. There is a huge pipeline that runs 1,000
kilometres from the south. No water is coming along that pipeline.
Water is in desperately short supply. The transitional council
want frozen assets on a frozen as soon as possible. That has happened
with the �1 billion worth of assets in the United Kingdom. That has
been on a frozen, Libyan of bank notes that are being flown by the
British RAF to Libya so that that money can start to get into supply.
A lot of people here have not been paid for months. There is literally
no money in many people's pockets. Those are the problems that people
are facing here. They are being patient at the moment, but that
patient may run out in the next weeks and months. That is the
latest from Tripoli. I will hand Now a look at some of the day's
other news. He told the court in Frankfurt he
had been radical art by looking at online propaganda.
The suspect said it contradicted his beliefs. He went it took a
military bus and asked one of them for a light before shooting him in
the head. He went on to the bus shouting, God is great, in Arabic,
and shot another servicemen dead. He wounded two more. He fled, to be
caught in the terminal. He said he acted after seeing a video on
Facebook. It was an anti- America propaganda video, which used clips
and anti-war film. The 9/11 attacks were planned by people attended a
mosque in Hamburg. It was thought that he might be part of a bigger
organisation. It turned out he was just a crazed individual. He said,
what I did was wrong but cannot be undone. His trial is estimated to
last for 10 days. He will probably get life imprisonment, which means
in Germany, about 15 years. The authorities in Nigeria say they've
arrested two members of the Islamist group, Boko Haram, in
connection with last week's bombing of the UN office in the capital,
Abuja. Boko Haram said it carried out the
suicide attack which killed more than twenty people. The group is
alleged to have links with Al Qaeda. The Nigerian government has asked
America's FBI for help in investigating the incident.
BP has claimed that a raid by investigators of its offices in
Moscow is an attempt to apply pressure on its business in Russia.
The company says the action is linked to a court case in Western
Siberia, which relates to the collapse of BP's Arctic oil
exploration deal with Rosneft. Australia's High Court has blocked
government plans for a refugee swap with Malaysia. It ruled that the
human rights of asylum seekers who went to Malaysia could not be
guaranteed. The Australian government has called the verdict
"disappointing." An 11-year-old boy has become the
youngest person to be sentenced over his part in the riots in
London earlier this month. The boy, who can't be named for legal
reasons, was given an 18 month rehabilitation order after stealing
a rubbish bin from the Debenhams department store..
Stars, filmmakers and fans are gathering in Venice for the annual
film festival, with a some hotly anticipated titles. But this year's
line-up of films making their world premiere includes a high number of
big budget productions made and financed in Europe rather than
Hollywood. And these are not just art-house films, but high profile
pictures with big-name actors and directors. There's a mole at the
top of the circus... Tinker tailor soldier Spy is the
quintessential spy movie that has been made for Hollywood, you would
think, but it was made in France. It is financed by a French company,
which believes the film has a strong appeal for European
audiences. With stars like Colin Firth and John Hurt, it makes sense.
Tinker, tailor... Soldier... Spy... Films of the European sensibility
have more chance of getting made on this side of the Atlantic,
particularly with Hollywood studios currently obsessed with making
super hero franchised movies. If these can make money outside Europe,
they could provide Hollywood with much-needed competition. Carnage is
the latest movie from Roman Polanski. It is another pan-
European co-production, financed in France. Sex. A male. David
Cronenberg's latest film is set in Zurich and Vienna, and funded by
Europe. Setting up a pan-European super studio to rival Hollywood has
long been a dream for European film makers. If the line up at the
Venice Festival is anything to go by, it is a dream that might just
be getting a bit closer. But there are some films that could
not be made anywhere other than America. One such movie was
released today in New York. Rebirth looks back at the struggles of five
individuals who were traumatised by the terror attacks of 9/11. It's
just one of several films which have attempted to capture the
horror of both the day and its aftermath. Ten years on, Tom Brook
has been looking at the impact of 9/11 on Hollywood.
On that day, the attacks were being described as a keen to way
Hollywood movie. It's right out of a disaster movie, but it is very
real... It shook up the film industry. It is unlike anything I
can think of in my lifetime. Therefore, the film industry, which
is a secondary factor, will change. What did change in Hollywood? 9/11
did not bring forth any great cinema classics, but it caught the
attention of film-makers. created a great desire to address
why this happened. And how it happened, and what do we do now,
and how do we deal with this NME? Some academics who have taught
courses on a 9/11 or doubt whether anything will ever capture the
horror of the day. These two magnificent buildings coming down,
no artistic cinematic way possible to represent that, make it feel the
way the actual event made you feel. Hollywood was hesitant initially.
It took time. The first studio pictures, like Oliver Stone's film
in 2003, focused more on the Americans. In terms of larger
issues about why this happened at all, America's place in the global
world, I do not think Hollywood went very fine capturing those
things. Those are by definition adult themes, and Hollywood is not
orientated to making adult movies. It is orientated to making fantasy
films for teenagers. More scenes where explored in documentaries.
Non-political documentaries also addressed psychological
complexities. Rebirth followed some individuals are becoming the
traumas following 9/11. It shows how a human being shines through a
person. Cinnamon in this particular place takes it through the years --
cinema in this particular place to take it through the years.
Hollywood has yet to make a movie they can be seen as a definitive
9/11 film, most agree. That is because the narrative to explain it
all is still emerging. Two months after Hitler attacked
the Soviet Union, the first of the 78 Allied Arctic Convoys docked in
the port of Arkhangel in northern Russia. It's now 70 years since
those ships arrived, carrying vital supplies for Soviet troops fighting
the Nazis. Dozens of British ships were destroyed by German U boats
and bomber jets as they made the perilous journey. Today a group of
British war veterans are in the northern Russian city of
Arkhangelsk to mark the occasion. Steve Rosenberg reports.
Winston Churchill called it the worst journey in the world. Through
thick fog and freezing cold, under attack from German U-boats and
fighter-bombers, the Arctic convoys battled their way to have Russia.
British ships helped keep the Soviet Union supplied with fuel.
But at a cost. Over 100 allied vessels never made it back home.
Today, British veterans of the convoy's returned to Arkhangel. A
chance for these men to honour the memory of the 3,000 sailors who
lost their lives maintaining Russia's lifeline. We thought, this
is hell, Absolute Hell, I do not ever want this to happen again. I
look back, and think, it was one of the proudest moments of my life, to
have done such a thing. These veterans have been welcomed back as
heroes. Russia says it will never forget the contribution they made
and the risks they took to help Russia win of the war. Back home,
some convoy veterans feel that Britain has forgotten them. William
Grenfell is campaigning for veterans of the Arctic convoys to
be awarded medals. He thinks they are long overdue. There are
probably a large number of highly placed people in this country who
just could not stomach the idea of British men having a medal for
helping the Russians. So many years have gone by, for goodness sake!
What these men did is hugely significant. But against the
backdrop of World War II, it has to be put into perspective. This time
for the veterans, the fighting was not real, but the French reports.
Here, they will always be remembered as heroes.
A reminder of our main news. Sporadic clashes have continued
between Libyan opposition forces and Colonel Gaddafi loyalists near
the town of Bani Walid where rebels believe the Colonel may be hiding.
The opposition National Transitional Council has given both
Bani Walid and Colonel Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte until Saturday to
surrender. In Germany, 21-year-old has
admitted that he killed two US servicemen in Frankfurt. He
expressed regret for what he had done. He had become radical Arab --
he had become radical lysed by propaganda. That's all from the
programme. Next, the weather. The Good evening. It has been a
cloudy story for most of the UK today. Tomorrow should stay largely
dry. Here's the reason for that. High pressure across the UK stays
with us on Thursday. Low-pressure lurking towards the West and that
will go into northern areas. Despite a cloud is that for most,
most places will brighten with some spells of sunshine coming through
false for north-east England, Thursday afternoon, they have is a
chance of the odd shower but nothing more than that. For the
Midlands, East Anglia and south- east England, a lovely afternoon.
Pleasant spells of sunshine. Highs of 20, 21. Across Wales and South
western parts of England, very promising for Thursday afternoon.
Temperatures in the low twenties. Cloud amounts will vary in Northern
Ireland. Bright skies for western Scotland, but further east, it is