31/08/2011 World News Today


31/08/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.

:00:07.:00:10.

Rebel soldiers strengthen their positions around Sirte, as the

:00:10.:00:17.

clock ticks on an ultimatum for Gaddafi's forces to surrender.

:00:17.:00:20.

After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have been told that if

:00:20.:00:29.

they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in.

:00:29.:00:32.

For the first time in four decades, Tripoli celebrates Eid without

:00:32.:00:38.

Gaddafi. But who exactly will govern the capital now?

:00:38.:00:41.

The Kosovo Albanian radicalised by online Islamist propaganda pleads

:00:41.:00:47.

guilty to killing two US servicemen in Germany. There is a maul right

:00:47.:00:56.

at the top of the circus. -- mole. How European film studios are

:00:56.:00:59.

giving Hollywood a run for its money at the Venice Festival.

:00:59.:01:02.

And Winston Churchill called it "the most dangerous journey in the

:01:02.:01:05.

world". It is 70 years since these ships crossed the Arctic to supply

:01:05.:01:13.

Soviet troops fighting the Nazis. Hello and welcome.

:01:13.:01:15.

Libya's National Transitional Council says it does not need or

:01:15.:01:22.

want help from the United Nations. Rebel leaders have given Gaddafi

:01:22.:01:25.

loyalists in the ousted leader's home town of Sirte until Saturday

:01:25.:01:28.

to surrender. Colonel Gaddafi is reported to have made a radio

:01:28.:01:30.

broadcast, urging people in Sirte not to surrender. National

:01:30.:01:32.

Transitional Council forces continue to move east from the

:01:32.:01:40.

capital Tripoli and west from Benghazi towards those forces.

:01:40.:01:44.

People here in the Tripoli are continuing to celebrate, not only

:01:44.:01:49.

the liberation of the city, but also the holy festival of Eid al-

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Fitr. There have been celebrations all through the day to day. And yet,

:01:55.:02:01.

this is still a country in limbo somewhat. What's of uncertainty and

:02:01.:02:05.

unanswered questions. Where is Colonel Gaddafi? What will happen

:02:05.:02:11.

in Sirte, the stronghold, the police of his birth. Sirte is about

:02:11.:02:16.

400 kilometres east of here. The rebels have moved towards it from

:02:16.:02:21.

East and West. They have issued an ultimatum, that if they get that

:02:21.:02:25.

the loyalists there have not surrendered by Saturday, they will

:02:25.:02:29.

attack with a full-blooded assault. Our world affairs correspondent,

:02:30.:02:39.
:02:40.:02:43.

Paul Wood, reports from the Eid al-Fitr prayers in a hamlet.

:02:43.:02:49.

Fighters and villagers men going easily. This place changed hands a

:02:49.:02:55.

few days ago. The latest stop in the rebel advance to the town of

:02:55.:03:03.

Sirte. Vietnam angrily denounces the Gaddafi forces who had been

:03:03.:03:12.

there. They beat people, they destroyed things, he says. Colonel

:03:12.:03:16.

Gaddafi's troops have fled now and the rebels say they do not want any

:03:16.:03:21.

fighting during the holiday. The fighters have told that they will

:03:21.:03:25.

be a pause in their operations for a few days. That is partly because

:03:25.:03:31.

of the holiday, but it is also to give an opportunity for peace talks

:03:31.:03:35.

with tribal leaders. After Saturday, loyalist forces in the town have

:03:35.:03:41.

been told if they do not surrender, the rebels are coming in. The

:03:41.:03:47.

fighters still hope it will not come to that. They say they have no

:03:47.:03:56.

appetite for revenge. My brothers, they are my brothers. We hope to go

:03:56.:04:04.

to separate. Without fighting, God willing. A few miles outside the

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village, revel Scout try to locate the loyalist position. Gaddafi

:04:10.:04:16.

forces fired a grad rockets at them this morning, DC. There is no

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ceasefire. There are a few more days to sick you're one before the

:04:24.:04:31.

battle for Sirte begins. -- a few more days to find one before the

:04:31.:04:39.

battle for Sirte begins. Another correspondent is with the

:04:39.:04:49.
:04:49.:04:51.

rebel forces. This is what he told This is the West reproach to serve.

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-- the Western approach to Sirte. The rebels did to consolidate their

:04:56.:05:06.

control over the whole of Libya. These places are important because

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they believe that key regime at loyalists, those that fled when

:05:10.:05:20.

Tripoli was taken, are there. Two members of Gaddafi's family were

:05:20.:05:24.

spotted and others are believed to have gone in that direction. What

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you have here is one of the key front lines for the rebels, waiting

:05:27.:05:32.

for orders whether or not to head into Sirte. For now, as seems that

:05:32.:05:39.

strict orders have been sent to all rebel fighters to cease hostilities

:05:39.:05:47.

until Eid al-Fitr is over. They are waiting for orders. This deadline

:05:47.:05:55.

has been issued. If they do not lay down their weapons by Saturday,

:05:55.:06:00.

these groups and that the troops in Ben Kasey are poised to attack. The

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say they will fall any orders that there are given, but they have come

:06:04.:06:11.

so far they feel that the final stretch is in sight.

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Let us look ahead to the longer term and the future of Libya more

:06:15.:06:19.

generally, away from the battlefield. The National

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Transitional Council have rejected the idea that the United Nations

:06:22.:06:27.

could send in peacekeeping troops. The transitional council have said

:06:27.:06:31.

they do not needs any foreign troops on the ground to help them

:06:31.:06:36.

with the transition from the Gaddafi dictatorship to a modern

:06:36.:06:41.

democracy. There is, while the National Transitional Council are

:06:41.:06:44.

based in Benghazi and have not arrived here in Tripoli, there is

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something of a power vacuum here in the capital. The city really is

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controlled by different factions from different parts of Libya,

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different rebel groups controlling different areas. There are some

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worries that that could lead to a rival bid between different

:07:01.:07:07.

factions, also that some Islamist factions might gain control. People

:07:07.:07:17.
:07:17.:07:21.

perhaps with links to the Taliban, The war has swept through Tripoli

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and back into the desert, taking the Colonel Gaddafi with it.

:07:29.:07:34.

Gunfire is for celebration now, not for killing and prayers for Eid al-

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Fitr, the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Just after dawn, the

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former Green Square, now named after Libya's martyr's is full and

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with memories of 40 years of dictatorship. They killed her

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children, he said. And the rate hour women, he is a murder and God

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will punish him. -- the reader to our women and he is a murderer.

:08:10.:08:16.

Dewar had already touched the street. On 19th June, and NATO

:08:16.:08:26.
:08:26.:08:27.

mistake killed a family here. This man can say that the fighters gave

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their lives and we think it is going to be fine for our family now.

:08:34.:08:37.

Tripoli is feeling very local at the moment. The people are looking

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after themselves and their families. They are looking after their

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neighbourhoods. There is a vacuum at the top. The National

:08:45.:08:49.

Transitional Council has been recognised by some of the biggest

:08:49.:08:53.

powers in the world, but around here, at his local people that are

:08:53.:08:57.

taking the decisions. And decision- making on the street starts with

:08:57.:09:00.

these men, locals who picked up guns to fight the regime, stopping

:09:01.:09:07.

to check us out. Anyone suspicious it's taken to this school,

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requisitioned by the fighters. These three were suspected nurse

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nowadays. The prisoners said they were innocent migrant workers

:09:17.:09:23.

picked up because they were black. They were terrified and not much

:09:23.:09:28.

reassured when their captors, all fighters from Tripoli, said there

:09:28.:09:32.

would be justice in the new Libya. The hard part is starting now,

:09:32.:09:38.

because now we have we to build a country, to have creative people,

:09:38.:09:44.

to produce, we're going to do everything. Men with guns still set

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the pace here, not civilian politicians who have been slow off

:09:48.:09:58.

the mark. Long term, that does not equal stability.

:09:58.:10:02.

So what happens next here in Libya? As we have seen here, the war is

:10:02.:10:12.
:10:12.:10:14.

not quite over it, the revolution is not quite complete. Joining me

:10:14.:10:17.

from Washington is Marius Deed, Professor of Middle East studies at

:10:17.:10:27.

Johns Hopkins University. What do you think they National

:10:27.:10:29.

Transitional Council need to do in the next few months? It needs to

:10:29.:10:34.

move quickly, it should not wait for Colonel Gaddafi to be captured.

:10:34.:10:40.

It has a authority and legitimacy. This will move faster if it they

:10:40.:10:46.

are on the ground in the Tripoli. There is also some concern about

:10:46.:10:53.

who exactly is the opposition, who are the rebels. There are concerns

:10:53.:10:56.

that there are different factions that may fall out, his list people

:10:56.:11:00.

with the nerve that have some extremist links. What is your view

:11:00.:11:07.

of that? There are different groups, but I am optimistic. The top leader

:11:07.:11:10.

of the National Transitional Council is composed of people that

:11:10.:11:20.
:11:20.:11:20.

have tremendous credentials and all believe in the rule of law. In a

:11:20.:11:28.

way, this provides some kind of assurance that the rule of law is

:11:28.:11:35.

going to be the norm after the rule of a Gaddafi, which was lawless and

:11:35.:11:43.

are based on tyranny and oppression. How easy or difficult do you think

:11:43.:11:48.

it will be for the new, interim administration, when it is formed

:11:48.:11:55.

in it Tripoli, to get at democracy up and running? There have been all

:11:55.:12:02.

the democratic elections here since 1952. How hard will that be? It is

:12:02.:12:06.

not going to be easy, but I do not think it will be extremely

:12:06.:12:11.

difficult. People are ready for a system which is open, where they

:12:11.:12:19.

can elect their own representatives, freely. Sirte is made of tribes and

:12:19.:12:25.

different regions. In a way, this helps a democracy. Democracy is

:12:25.:12:28.

about local politics, about electing candidates who will

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represent them in a parliament. I think it is very possible that

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democracy will be established soon after the war and the triumph of

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the the revolution. The idea that no more than 18 months until a

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government is established and there is a different constitution. I

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think they have had it with the repression and the dictatorship,

:13:01.:13:10.

they do not want to hear about it. What are they want -- what they

:13:10.:13:20.
:13:20.:13:21.

want his freedom and human dignity. Thank you for joining us.

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Now a summary of what is happening here in a Tripoli. Water is in

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desperately short supply. There is a huge pipeline that runs 1,000

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kilometres from the south. No water is coming along that pipeline.

:13:37.:13:45.

Water is in desperately short supply. The transitional council

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want frozen assets on a frozen as soon as possible. That has happened

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with the �1 billion worth of assets in the United Kingdom. That has

:13:55.:14:00.

been on a frozen, Libyan of bank notes that are being flown by the

:14:00.:14:06.

British RAF to Libya so that that money can start to get into supply.

:14:06.:14:11.

A lot of people here have not been paid for months. There is literally

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no money in many people's pockets. Those are the problems that people

:14:16.:14:22.

are facing here. They are being patient at the moment, but that

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patient may run out in the next weeks and months. That is the

:14:26.:14:36.
:14:36.:14:38.

latest from Tripoli. I will hand Now a look at some of the day's

:14:38.:14:48.
:14:48.:14:54.

other news. He told the court in Frankfurt he

:14:54.:15:04.
:15:04.:15:07.

had been radical art by looking at online propaganda.

:15:07.:15:15.

The suspect said it contradicted his beliefs. He went it took a

:15:15.:15:21.

military bus and asked one of them for a light before shooting him in

:15:21.:15:26.

the head. He went on to the bus shouting, God is great, in Arabic,

:15:26.:15:34.

and shot another servicemen dead. He wounded two more. He fled, to be

:15:34.:15:40.

caught in the terminal. He said he acted after seeing a video on

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Facebook. It was an anti- America propaganda video, which used clips

:15:48.:15:58.
:15:58.:16:04.

and anti-war film. The 9/11 attacks were planned by people attended a

:16:04.:16:11.

mosque in Hamburg. It was thought that he might be part of a bigger

:16:11.:16:17.

organisation. It turned out he was just a crazed individual. He said,

:16:17.:16:23.

what I did was wrong but cannot be undone. His trial is estimated to

:16:23.:16:27.

last for 10 days. He will probably get life imprisonment, which means

:16:27.:16:34.

in Germany, about 15 years. The authorities in Nigeria say they've

:16:34.:16:37.

arrested two members of the Islamist group, Boko Haram, in

:16:37.:16:40.

connection with last week's bombing of the UN office in the capital,

:16:40.:16:42.

Abuja. Boko Haram said it carried out the

:16:42.:16:46.

suicide attack which killed more than twenty people. The group is

:16:46.:16:49.

alleged to have links with Al Qaeda. The Nigerian government has asked

:16:49.:16:54.

America's FBI for help in investigating the incident.

:16:54.:16:57.

BP has claimed that a raid by investigators of its offices in

:16:57.:17:02.

Moscow is an attempt to apply pressure on its business in Russia.

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The company says the action is linked to a court case in Western

:17:05.:17:07.

Siberia, which relates to the collapse of BP's Arctic oil

:17:08.:17:14.

exploration deal with Rosneft. Australia's High Court has blocked

:17:14.:17:20.

government plans for a refugee swap with Malaysia. It ruled that the

:17:20.:17:23.

human rights of asylum seekers who went to Malaysia could not be

:17:23.:17:25.

guaranteed. The Australian government has called the verdict

:17:25.:17:28.

"disappointing." An 11-year-old boy has become the

:17:28.:17:31.

youngest person to be sentenced over his part in the riots in

:17:31.:17:35.

London earlier this month. The boy, who can't be named for legal

:17:35.:17:38.

reasons, was given an 18 month rehabilitation order after stealing

:17:38.:17:48.
:17:48.:17:54.

a rubbish bin from the Debenhams department store..

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Stars, filmmakers and fans are gathering in Venice for the annual

:17:57.:18:00.

film festival, with a some hotly anticipated titles. But this year's

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line-up of films making their world premiere includes a high number of

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big budget productions made and financed in Europe rather than

:18:05.:18:08.

Hollywood. And these are not just art-house films, but high profile

:18:08.:18:18.
:18:18.:18:19.

pictures with big-name actors and directors. There's a mole at the

:18:19.:18:27.

top of the circus... Tinker tailor soldier Spy is the

:18:27.:18:30.

quintessential spy movie that has been made for Hollywood, you would

:18:30.:18:36.

think, but it was made in France. It is financed by a French company,

:18:36.:18:41.

which believes the film has a strong appeal for European

:18:41.:18:49.

audiences. With stars like Colin Firth and John Hurt, it makes sense.

:18:49.:18:57.

Tinker, tailor... Soldier... Spy... Films of the European sensibility

:18:57.:19:01.

have more chance of getting made on this side of the Atlantic,

:19:01.:19:05.

particularly with Hollywood studios currently obsessed with making

:19:05.:19:10.

super hero franchised movies. If these can make money outside Europe,

:19:10.:19:15.

they could provide Hollywood with much-needed competition. Carnage is

:19:15.:19:20.

the latest movie from Roman Polanski. It is another pan-

:19:20.:19:29.

European co-production, financed in France. Sex. A male. David

:19:29.:19:36.

Cronenberg's latest film is set in Zurich and Vienna, and funded by

:19:36.:19:46.
:19:46.:19:49.

Europe. Setting up a pan-European super studio to rival Hollywood has

:19:49.:19:54.

long been a dream for European film makers. If the line up at the

:19:54.:19:58.

Venice Festival is anything to go by, it is a dream that might just

:19:58.:20:01.

be getting a bit closer. But there are some films that could

:20:01.:20:04.

not be made anywhere other than America. One such movie was

:20:04.:20:11.

released today in New York. Rebirth looks back at the struggles of five

:20:11.:20:13.

individuals who were traumatised by the terror attacks of 9/11. It's

:20:13.:20:16.

just one of several films which have attempted to capture the

:20:16.:20:19.

horror of both the day and its aftermath. Ten years on, Tom Brook

:20:19.:20:25.

has been looking at the impact of 9/11 on Hollywood.

:20:25.:20:30.

On that day, the attacks were being described as a keen to way

:20:31.:20:36.

Hollywood movie. It's right out of a disaster movie, but it is very

:20:36.:20:41.

real... It shook up the film industry. It is unlike anything I

:20:41.:20:47.

can think of in my lifetime. Therefore, the film industry, which

:20:47.:20:52.

is a secondary factor, will change. What did change in Hollywood? 9/11

:20:52.:20:57.

did not bring forth any great cinema classics, but it caught the

:20:57.:21:02.

attention of film-makers. created a great desire to address

:21:02.:21:06.

why this happened. And how it happened, and what do we do now,

:21:06.:21:12.

and how do we deal with this NME? Some academics who have taught

:21:12.:21:15.

courses on a 9/11 or doubt whether anything will ever capture the

:21:15.:21:21.

horror of the day. These two magnificent buildings coming down,

:21:21.:21:30.

no artistic cinematic way possible to represent that, make it feel the

:21:30.:21:35.

way the actual event made you feel. Hollywood was hesitant initially.

:21:35.:21:43.

It took time. The first studio pictures, like Oliver Stone's film

:21:43.:21:49.

in 2003, focused more on the Americans. In terms of larger

:21:49.:21:59.

issues about why this happened at all, America's place in the global

:21:59.:22:02.

world, I do not think Hollywood went very fine capturing those

:22:02.:22:08.

things. Those are by definition adult themes, and Hollywood is not

:22:08.:22:13.

orientated to making adult movies. It is orientated to making fantasy

:22:13.:22:22.

films for teenagers. More scenes where explored in documentaries.

:22:22.:22:27.

Non-political documentaries also addressed psychological

:22:27.:22:33.

complexities. Rebirth followed some individuals are becoming the

:22:33.:22:41.

traumas following 9/11. It shows how a human being shines through a

:22:41.:22:47.

person. Cinnamon in this particular place takes it through the years --

:22:47.:22:54.

cinema in this particular place to take it through the years.

:22:54.:22:58.

Hollywood has yet to make a movie they can be seen as a definitive

:22:58.:23:03.

9/11 film, most agree. That is because the narrative to explain it

:23:03.:23:09.

all is still emerging. Two months after Hitler attacked

:23:09.:23:12.

the Soviet Union, the first of the 78 Allied Arctic Convoys docked in

:23:12.:23:17.

the port of Arkhangel in northern Russia. It's now 70 years since

:23:17.:23:20.

those ships arrived, carrying vital supplies for Soviet troops fighting

:23:20.:23:28.

the Nazis. Dozens of British ships were destroyed by German U boats

:23:28.:23:36.

and bomber jets as they made the perilous journey. Today a group of

:23:36.:23:39.

British war veterans are in the northern Russian city of

:23:39.:23:44.

Arkhangelsk to mark the occasion. Steve Rosenberg reports.

:23:44.:23:48.

Winston Churchill called it the worst journey in the world. Through

:23:48.:23:53.

thick fog and freezing cold, under attack from German U-boats and

:23:53.:23:57.

fighter-bombers, the Arctic convoys battled their way to have Russia.

:23:58.:24:04.

British ships helped keep the Soviet Union supplied with fuel.

:24:04.:24:09.

But at a cost. Over 100 allied vessels never made it back home.

:24:09.:24:19.
:24:19.:24:20.

Today, British veterans of the convoy's returned to Arkhangel. A

:24:20.:24:23.

chance for these men to honour the memory of the 3,000 sailors who

:24:23.:24:30.

lost their lives maintaining Russia's lifeline. We thought, this

:24:30.:24:38.

is hell, Absolute Hell, I do not ever want this to happen again. I

:24:38.:24:44.

look back, and think, it was one of the proudest moments of my life, to

:24:44.:24:51.

have done such a thing. These veterans have been welcomed back as

:24:51.:24:56.

heroes. Russia says it will never forget the contribution they made

:24:56.:25:00.

and the risks they took to help Russia win of the war. Back home,

:25:00.:25:05.

some convoy veterans feel that Britain has forgotten them. William

:25:05.:25:08.

Grenfell is campaigning for veterans of the Arctic convoys to

:25:08.:25:14.

be awarded medals. He thinks they are long overdue. There are

:25:14.:25:18.

probably a large number of highly placed people in this country who

:25:18.:25:28.
:25:28.:25:28.

just could not stomach the idea of British men having a medal for

:25:28.:25:36.

helping the Russians. So many years have gone by, for goodness sake!

:25:36.:25:43.

What these men did is hugely significant. But against the

:25:43.:25:47.

backdrop of World War II, it has to be put into perspective. This time

:25:47.:25:51.

for the veterans, the fighting was not real, but the French reports.

:25:51.:25:58.

Here, they will always be remembered as heroes.

:25:58.:26:01.

A reminder of our main news. Sporadic clashes have continued

:26:01.:26:03.

between Libyan opposition forces and Colonel Gaddafi loyalists near

:26:03.:26:10.

the town of Bani Walid where rebels believe the Colonel may be hiding.

:26:10.:26:12.

The opposition National Transitional Council has given both

:26:12.:26:15.

Bani Walid and Colonel Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte until Saturday to

:26:15.:26:25.
:26:25.:26:27.

surrender. In Germany, 21-year-old has

:26:27.:26:32.

admitted that he killed two US servicemen in Frankfurt. He

:26:32.:26:38.

expressed regret for what he had done. He had become radical Arab --

:26:38.:26:47.

he had become radical lysed by propaganda. That's all from the

:26:47.:26:57.
:26:57.:27:02.

programme. Next, the weather. The Good evening. It has been a

:27:02.:27:08.

cloudy story for most of the UK today. Tomorrow should stay largely

:27:08.:27:13.

dry. Here's the reason for that. High pressure across the UK stays

:27:13.:27:19.

with us on Thursday. Low-pressure lurking towards the West and that

:27:19.:27:24.

will go into northern areas. Despite a cloud is that for most,

:27:24.:27:30.

most places will brighten with some spells of sunshine coming through

:27:30.:27:33.

false for north-east England, Thursday afternoon, they have is a

:27:33.:27:37.

chance of the odd shower but nothing more than that. For the

:27:37.:27:43.

Midlands, East Anglia and south- east England, a lovely afternoon.

:27:43.:27:49.

Pleasant spells of sunshine. Highs of 20, 21. Across Wales and South

:27:49.:27:52.

western parts of England, very promising for Thursday afternoon.

:27:52.:28:02.
:28:02.:28:03.

Temperatures in the low twenties. Cloud amounts will vary in Northern

:28:03.:28:10.

Ireland. Bright skies for western Scotland, but further east, it is

:28:10.:28:16.

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