30/08/2011 World News Today


30/08/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang. Libyan rebels give

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Gaddafi's forces an ultimatum - surrender by Saturday or face an

:00:12.:00:22.
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all-out assault. The question then is what will

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happen when the Gaddafi forces have no Ross to retreat to and perhaps

:00:27.:00:30.

have to make a last stand. Supporters of South Africa's

:00:30.:00:32.

controversial ANC youth leader, Julius Malema, clash with police

:00:32.:00:35.

ahead of his disciplinary hearing. Europe's super-rich say they've got

:00:35.:00:38.

a solution to the continent's financial crisis - tax us more.

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We'll hear from one of them. And the gold rush deep in the

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Australian bush - with gold prices rising we report on how Australia's

:00:46.:00:56.
:00:56.:01:03.

prospectors are hoping to improve their own fortunes.

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Hello and welcome. Surrender or else - that's the

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message from Libya's new leaders to die-hard supporters of Colonel

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Gaddafi. They've given them until Saturday to lay down their arms or

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face an all-out military assault on the areas still under pro-Gaddafi

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control. They include the Colonel's birthplace of Sirte and two other

:01:19.:01:29.
:01:29.:01:33.

towns. Meanwhile, the transitional

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government has criticised Algeria for giving a refuge to Gaddafi's

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family. The rebels are firmly in control of

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Tripoli, but Sirte, Gaddafi's home town, still in the hands of Gaddafi

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loyalists. It is about 250 miles east of here. Rebel forces are

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approaching it from both East and West, a sort of pincer movement.

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They have been trying to negotiate a surrender by the Gaddafi

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loyalists there, but there does not look like there is going to be any

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sort of ceasefire. So the rebels have now said they will give the

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Gaddafi loyalists in Sirte until Saturday to essentially surrender,

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laid down their arms, otherwise the rebels will attack with the fall

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Fire of their firepower. They say Zero hour is rapidly approaching.

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Paul Wood reports from outside Sirte.

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By Saturday, these men expect to be at the gates of Sirte. Then they

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will be face-to-face with thousands of Gaddafi loyalists. As you can

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see come people are in pretty good spirits, these fighters say they

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are not going to wait for the Muslim festival of beach macro.

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They're going to push right on through to Sirte. The question then

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is what will happen when the Gaddafi forces have no one else to

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retreat to and perhaps have to make a last stand. -- until Ead. The

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rebels hope it will not come to that. They have had intensive talks

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with tribal leaders. People here say a deal is being vetoed by

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diehard loyalists with blood on their hands. We don't expect that

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Gaddafi has soldiers any more. Some of the troops have no way and as

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they fight because they know that they have killed a lot of civilian

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people. In one of the villages just liberated, as the rebels say, they

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are preparing for the Heat feast. Food prices here rose 30 fold while

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the bridge was cut off. -- the heat -- the Heat feast. They glad that

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things are getting back to normal. The fighters have been told their

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leadership is trying to organise a two-day ceasefire for the holiday.

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For the time being, we are going to have a defence line here. We have

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to respect the holiday. As you know, it is the end of Ramadan. After the

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holiday, we will nor proceed on to a Sirte. Few of the role fighters

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we spoke to believe a truce will hold. Most didn't want it. They are

:04:16.:04:26.
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winning and they want to press on to Sirte.

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Sirte is just one of many places where Colonel Gaddafi himself might

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be hiding. He is on the run and his whereabouts are unknown. But we do

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know the whereabouts of some of the prominent members of his family,

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who have escaped to Algeria, his wife Safia, his daughter Ayesha,

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who gave birth shortly after arriving, and two of his sons. The

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decision by the Algerian government has provoked outrage by the

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transitional council, is a tis an act of aggression by a jeering. But

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the Algerians are saying they are acting purely on humanitarian

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grounds. Here in Tripoli, life is slowly beginning to return to

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normal, but there are still huge sortileges -- shortages of food,

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water, electricity and fuel. Jeremy Bowen reports.

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Suspicion and insecurity are never far away in Tripoli. So it is

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remarkable how calm the city seems now. This is a way into Tajoura, a

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suburb that was a centre of opposition to the old regime. Sorry

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mop head, say the children, using a nickname inspired by Colonel

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Gaddafi's hair that might have put their parents in jail two weeks ago.

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The Libyans are now ready to be part of the world? We are all the

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time part of the world. We have never been out but someone left us

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out. But not everyone is happy. This woman wants her salary. There

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is 2 million in there, she says. We need a good system. We are tired.

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Everyone else queuing at the bank, all state employees, want to get

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paid. But her impatience angers the men. Shut up, he says, don't talk

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like that, we will get everything in the end. I won't shut up, I'm

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hungry, I want my money. She retreated to an alleyway. It has

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been three months since we were paid. The women were sympathetic. I

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am divorced, my salary is 400, have got three children, they can't wait.

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But the men said they were happy with their revolutionary euphoria.

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We don't even money, just freedom. Other Arab revolutionaries in

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Tunisia and Egypt were just as happy when they toppled their

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dictators. More than six months later, their excitement about the

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future has been lost in life's daily struggle. But freedom from

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fear makes you feel rich if you're just out of prison, like Mahmoud

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Abdullah Al-Tarhouni. He was arrested in early March of the

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organising the first anti- Gaddafi demonstrations here in Tajoura. He

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doesn't want Colonel Gaddafi dead. He wants in to see their triumph.

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want him to see how Libya will be without him, without his sons. We

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will build this country and I want him to see that. During the last

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six months, the streets were always tense, sometimes frightening and

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sometimes very violent. Now you can feel the relief that the colonel

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has gone. But they face really big challenges because for 40 years

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Colonel Gaddafi has taken away all the conventional institutions of

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government, and that means that in many ways they have to start again

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from scratch, that is going to be difficult.

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Let's go to Jon Leyne in the rebels' stronghold of Benghazi.

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Jeremy was talking about starting again. Where do the political

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leadership of the transitional council go from here? How soon do

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they start the job of rebuilding this country politically?

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They have already made preparations and drafted a constitution document.

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The real mechanics of it don't get going until then move to Tripoli

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and that looks like it could still be a while away. Some leaders say

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they don't want to do it until the whole country is liberated. So it

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might be a week or two was several weeks. Once they have done that,

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they have got quite a will drawn out timetable for forming a new

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government. They are putting a constitutional committee together.

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It will be the first free election in Libya's history is not until 18

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months away. I think they will accept that they pull together

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representatives from across the country, particularly a large

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number from Tripoli itself, to show people that this is it really a

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national representative government of all Libyans and they show Libyan

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as they are really working in their interest, which people think their

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current government has not been for 42 years. Once they do that, they

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have an enormous fund of goodwill. People are willing to wait days,

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weeks, months, years for the country to be put right, because so

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long as they trust that there is a government that is going in the

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right direction and has the best interests at heart.

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Very briefly, what is your reading of what is going to happen next in

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Sirte? We have this ultimatum of Saturday. It is hard to see the

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Gaddafi loyalist throwing in the towel until they are under much

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more military pressure. Maybe once they come under sustained military

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assault, then a free from the town. Jon Leyne in Benghazi, many thanks

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indeed. Here in Tripoli, there is his sense, although there is

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euphoria, there is also a sense that this is a -- an unfinished

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Revolution. Gaddafi is on the run and Sirte is yet to fall. There is

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something else as well, which is that tens of thousands of people

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are still missing, people who were taken captive by the Gaddafi regime

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in the last few months and their loved ones and families have heard

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nothing from them. They are still waiting. That is the latest from

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Tripoli. Algeria's reporting that Gaddafi's

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daughter gave birth to a baby girl today and that is proof that

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Algeria is acting in a compassionate way. I will be

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speaking to a former Algerian diplomat who is based in Libby

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about this situation. But let's get a bit of background on Algeria.

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These protests back in February, the last time we saw mass

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demonstrations in Algeria. People took to the streets to complain

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about rising food prices. A crack down so many of them carted off in

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handcuffs. But the demonstrators never gained a momentum that they

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did in Egypt and Tunisia. The question is, will fall of Colonel

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Gaddafi in neighbouring Libya galvanise the Algerian opposition.

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The scene is set in Libya -- in Algeria anyhow for widespread civil

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unrest. This could just give the politicisation which has been

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lacking so far, this will anger the Algerian people because the

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Algerian regime has been supporting Gaddafi to repress the so-called

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Arab Spring. Today, the Algerian President celebrated Ead. Abdul

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Aziz Bouteflika has ruled the country since 199. He took power

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following a decade of civil war between Islamist militants and the

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army. A war that saw between 150-2 on a 1000 people killed. But a

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figure has project himself as a peace broker, representing the army

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but reaching out Islamist fighters. As the course -- calls for

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democracy have occurred through the Arab world, he has made some

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concessions, like lifting the state of emergency but the ban on public

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protest remain. A mix-up that so much in the 90s, Algerians fear

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more unrest. But how long the regime can resist the winds of

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change blowing across North Africa? Reform meant Libyan deputy

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ambassador in the 90s is here. Thank you for joining us. Given

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that you know this relationship between Algeria and Libya quite

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well, were you surprised when the Algerian government allowed members

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of the Gaddafi family in? Basically not. Not at all. I know the type of

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relationship between the two regimes. By the way, they hate each

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other but they help each other at the same time. They hate each other

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because Gaddafi has created many troubles for Algeria. But from 94,

:13:24.:13:33.

95, they started to have sort of mutual assistance and help. Each

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country sent to the other country their opponents. They accuse them

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of being terrorists and in the name of tourism Algeria sent people to

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Gaddafi. So although they headed Gaddafi, the LGA is recognised that

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he could be useful in controlling dissent within Algeria? You have

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two brutal dictators and they help each other a lot. But they hate

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each other because Gaddafi has created too much trouble in

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southern Algeria, because he wanted to create a state and also the

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Gaddafi regime is the only regime in the area which does not

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recognise the Algerian borders. He was even requesting to get back

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about 15,000 square kilometres. What I don't understand is, if they

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don't much like Gaddafi and he has been a destabilising influence, why

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help him now when he is finished? Because the regime is not keeping -

:14:37.:14:47.
:14:47.:14:53.

- not working for the people. They will not be becoming targets for

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the revolution. They know they're on the list for the Arab Spring.

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They know this is a movement of history and they cannot stop it but

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they tried to stop it. At the end of the day, it is a matter of life

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and death for them. They held in the last six months diplomatically,

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buy food and probably by sending mercenaries or released have and

:15:18.:15:24.

then crossing the borders, in order to make this one endless. But the

:15:24.:15:34.
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war ended and that was big trouble Let's take a look at some of the

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day's other news. There's been a violent end to the

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holy month of Ramadan across Syria. Witnesses say Government troops

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opened fire on protesters when they spilled out onto the streets after

:15:44.:15:47.

morning prayers. Activists say at least seven people were shot dead

:15:47.:15:50.

by the security forces, including six in the province of Daraa in the

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south. Clean-up efforts are continuing

:15:51.:15:55.

along America's east coast after Tropical Storm Irene swept through.

:15:55.:15:59.

At least 40 people have been killed and millions remain without power.

:15:59.:16:07.

The storm has been hitting eastern Canada.

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The authorities in Sudan have denied allegations by international

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human rights groups that they are continuing aerial bombardments in

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the south. They told the BBC there had been no bombing since the

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President described the ceasefire last week forced of 19 miners have

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been rescued after spending a week underground in China, but three of

:16:32.:16:36.

their colleagues have been -- not been found.

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They say they survived by drinking water and nutrition packs that was

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sent to a Piper drilled into the ground.

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Now to South Africa, where there have been violent clashes between

:16:49.:16:54.

police and supporters of Julius Malema of the ANC Youth League. He

:16:54.:16:58.

is facing a disciplinary hearing because he is accused of bringing

:16:58.:17:03.

the governing party into disrepute. Mr Malema is accused of undermining

:17:03.:17:12.

his -- the authority of President Jacob Zuma. Karen Allen has more.

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It started off as peaceful protests in support of the ANC youth leader

:17:18.:17:23.

Julius Malema. The very quickly, the mood turned ugly, as the cloud

:17:23.:17:29.

-- crowd tried to march on the ANC party headquarters.

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Police fired stun grenades to try and seize back control. When that

:17:33.:17:43.

did not seem to work they brought the water-cannon Howard. -- out. A

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volley of bottles and stones in reply, as the crowds were treated

:17:48.:17:54.

and then regrouped. -- retreated. It was only when the area was

:17:54.:17:58.

cordoned off that the police seemed to regain control. There is anger

:17:58.:18:03.

here at the singling out of the ANC Youth Leader of Julius Malema, who

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could be expelled from the party for being a divisive force. As the

:18:08.:18:11.

youth, it is important for us to come here and give support and

:18:11.:18:19.

pledge solidarity to our leadership that is inside. We support our

:18:19.:18:24.

President. He was not a device that member. We want to show that. We

:18:24.:18:30.

are in support of our President -- a divisive member. Julius Malema is

:18:30.:18:34.

a powerful figure, but the flamboyant head of the ANC Youth

:18:34.:18:38.

League has become a thorn in President Zuma's side and his

:18:38.:18:42.

supporters say today's keirin has more to do with internal power

:18:42.:18:46.

struggles within the ANC ahead of their leadership contest next year

:18:46.:18:52.

than the antics of its youth wing. In the battle of the President's,

:18:52.:18:59.

Julius Malema can mobilise votes. Scenes like this should serve as a

:18:59.:19:02.

warning to President Zuma, who has ambitions for a second term. The

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crowd is being held back behind police lines and chanting anti-

:19:06.:19:13.

Jacob Zuma slogans. His own political future of rests heavily

:19:14.:19:20.

on the outcome of this. With the private deliberations over a Julius

:19:20.:19:23.

Malema set to roll into Wednesday, ANC leaders had announced the

:19:23.:19:28.

switch of venue away from the centre of town, in a move to try

:19:28.:19:30.

and defuse tensions within the ruling party and minimise the

:19:30.:19:40.
:19:40.:19:43.

threat of open rebellion. Now to the modern-day gold rush.

:19:43.:19:48.

With soaring gold prices, there has been a resurgence of the

:19:48.:19:51.

nineteenth-century practice in Australia of potential prospectors

:19:51.:19:54.

returning to the Old Gold Fields, the king to make their fortune.

:19:54.:20:00.

Nick Bryant sent this report from New South Wales -- are looking to

:20:00.:20:05.

make their fortune. The been the Australian bush, over

:20:05.:20:08.

the Great dividing Range that separates this vast continent --

:20:08.:20:14.

deep in. It is not just the sky that has a glorious golden glow. In

:20:14.:20:18.

creeks and hollows that were once the focus of a nineteenth-century

:20:18.:20:22.

gold rush, a modern-day prospectors have come in search of their

:20:22.:20:31.

fortunes. Nugget by nugget, a speck by tiny speck.

:20:31.:20:35.

But old-fashioned techniques have given way to new-fangled technology.

:20:35.:20:40.

Sensitive metal detectors are now the tools of the trade. And for

:20:40.:20:45.

some, like him Ellis, it has become a career. She gave their job --

:20:45.:20:50.

gave up the job in the property industry to prospect for time and

:20:50.:20:56.

teach novices. I think we will move on for that one. A with the price

:20:57.:21:00.

of gold at record highs at the moment, it is understandable why so

:21:00.:21:05.

many people are coming out of the city to go prospecting. This can be

:21:05.:21:09.

a life-changing event if you strike it lucky. It can and I have heard

:21:09.:21:13.

of people actually finding a large enough nugget to pay their mortgage,

:21:13.:21:18.

but now, they will probably pay it and buy another few cars. The price

:21:18.:21:25.

of gold is fantastic. It can be bract -- back-breaking work. Even

:21:25.:21:28.

in the favourite haunts of local prospect has, most Giggs ended

:21:28.:21:34.

failure. But it is the lure of striking it rich that brings Mike

:21:34.:21:38.

back. He is deaf and what has started as a hobby has become a

:21:38.:21:48.

lucrative sideline. Gold. There it is, gold. The nearby town stands as

:21:48.:21:52.

a landmark to the riches that a gold rush can bring. It is one of

:21:52.:21:57.

the most elegant towns in rural Australia. Now, outsiders are

:21:57.:22:02.

heading to do prospecting shop, hoping to emulate the success of

:22:02.:22:12.
:22:12.:22:15.

locals like Mike. 6.6, what is that? $300. A $300?

:22:15.:22:19.

Gold prices have risen almost 25% since the beginning of this year

:22:19.:22:22.

alone. No wonder so many people are thinking of giving up their day

:22:22.:22:32.
:22:32.:22:35.

jobs. It is not often that you hear

:22:35.:22:41.

people offering to pay more tax, but this has been happening, I

:22:41.:22:46.

think Warren Buffet, the US billionaire, was the first to offer.

:22:46.:22:52.

He has been followed by a number of super rich people in Europe, a

:22:52.:22:55.

group of wealthy people in countries like France, Italy and

:22:55.:22:59.

Germany have all said, we have got more money than we can afford to

:22:59.:23:03.

spend, at we would be happy to make an extra contribution to help out

:23:03.:23:10.

the Government in the current crisis. Kathy Harcombe has more.

:23:10.:23:17.

# Let me tell you how it will be. He is the American investor with

:23:18.:23:21.

the golden touch. Warren Buffet is a man who has amassed a stash

:23:21.:23:27.

astonishing riches and now he wants to share it with the rest of us, by

:23:27.:23:33.

paying more tax on his and earnings. The generosity but it is proving

:23:33.:23:42.

infectious. Beauvais in Europe, the Erez Liliane battered court -- the

:23:42.:23:48.

Erez Liliane Bettencourt and her peers have signed a letter begging

:23:48.:23:51.

for a special contribution to France's economy. Next door in

:23:51.:23:56.

Italy, the boss of Ferrari has also offered to read up his tax

:23:56.:24:00.

contribution. He says that those who have the most should pay the

:24:00.:24:06.

most. And now the Germans are getting on board. But it is not

:24:06.:24:11.

just the super rich, it is doctors, entrepreneurs and teachers. They

:24:11.:24:14.

say they have got more money than they need and want their government

:24:14.:24:22.

to rethink their taxation policies. So far, despite the benevolence of

:24:22.:24:26.

their European neighbours, Britain's which seemed unwilling to

:24:26.:24:31.

join in. But with France and Spain mulling over the merits of wealth

:24:31.:24:36.

tax, could this be a way out of the world's financial mess?

:24:36.:24:46.
:24:46.:24:48.

A reminder of our top story. The Libyan Transitional Council has

:24:48.:24:50.

given pro-Gaddafi forces until Saturday to surrender their last

:24:50.:25:00.
:25:00.:25:01.

major strongholds. For more on this, let's hear from Ian Pannell, who is

:25:01.:25:06.

south of Tripoli. This isolated position out in the

:25:06.:25:11.

desert is absolutely key for the rebels. This area is one that leads

:25:11.:25:18.

to the town of Della Valle lead, that is due south of Tripoli, and

:25:18.:25:22.

it is where Gaddafi loyalists are believed to have fled when and the

:25:22.:25:28.

rebels pushed him from the east than the Western last week. -- and

:25:28.:25:34.

the West. The area is a vast and open expanse of desert and it is

:25:34.:25:38.

very difficult to find where anyone is in this area. It is also the

:25:38.:25:42.

road that was used by members of Colonel Gaddafi's family to flee to

:25:42.:25:47.

Algeria. You have a chat to the south and Algeria to the West. --

:25:47.:25:52.

the chap. It is an area the rebels do not control and it is still

:25:52.:25:56.

under the hand of those a loyal to Colonel Gaddafi. So as well as

:25:56.:26:01.

concentrating their efforts on the Sirte, which is 160 kilometres in

:26:01.:26:08.

that direction, they are pushing even further south. Again, it is

:26:08.:26:12.

feared that Colonel Gaddafi could have gone there. They have two

:26:12.:26:15.

concerns, the first is the sense of completion that they want Colonel

:26:15.:26:20.

Gaddafi captured or killed, and seconded that if he is not caught,

:26:20.:26:24.

he is in a position to form some kind of rebellion or insurgency

:26:24.:26:26.

that would distract the new government from going about its

:26:26.:26:32.

business. So very important days. Although many battles have been won,

:26:32.:26:36.

the war is far from above. Another quick reminder of the

:26:36.:26:38.

headlines tonight. There have been clashes in South Africa between

:26:38.:26:43.

police and demonstrators who support the leader of the ANC youth

:26:43.:26:48.

wing Julius Malema. Those clashes took place around the ANC

:26:48.:26:51.

headquarters. That is all from us for the moment.

:26:51.:26:55.

Next up, the weather, but from the, Kirsty Lang and the rest of the

:26:55.:27:05.

Hello, are on a run of cloudy and call days, there will be no change

:27:05.:27:09.

to tomorrow. Temperatures are a bit down on what we would expect this

:27:09.:27:12.

time of year and sunshine is definitely in short supply. High

:27:12.:27:17.

pressure across the UK, but the flow of air around that, there is a

:27:17.:27:21.

cool north-westerly coming with a good deal of cloud. It is blocking

:27:21.:27:24.

most of the wet weather systems from getting here, so apart from

:27:24.:27:29.

the isolated showers tomorrow, most people will have a dry day. They

:27:29.:27:32.

could be the odd shower across northern England, the cloud will

:27:32.:27:35.

build and obscure most of the sunshine, but there will be bursts

:27:35.:27:40.

of brightness coming through the clouds, but nothing prolonged.

:27:40.:27:43.

Occasionally, the cloud will break across southern England but it will

:27:43.:27:50.

be a dry day. The 18 or 19 degrees, but 19 at the very best. Just a

:27:50.:27:53.

light breeze, so if a glimmer of sunshine comes through, it won't

:27:53.:27:58.

feel too bad. A lot of cloud in Wales, the isolated showers

:27:58.:28:02.

possible, and a similar picture across Northern Ireland. 16 degrees

:28:02.:28:06.

in Belfast. Where you have seen rain today in Scotland, tomorrow

:28:06.:28:11.

the showers will be few and far between. And occasionally, the

:28:11.:28:15.

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