06/09/2011 World News Today


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This this is BBC World Today, with me, Kirsty Lang. A convoy of


Gaddafi loyalists have crossed into Niger. It's thought to be carrying


senior members much his government, gold and money. It points - I hope


it points to an underlying fact which is that many of the pro-


Gaddafi forces are realising the game is up. Turkey suspends all


military ties with Israel and steps up naval patrols in the Eastern


Mediterranean. The cabinet meets to beef up its


austerity plan under pressure from Europe and the markets in Italy.


Brought together by the tragedy of Hello, and welcome. While


negotiations continue in Libya for the vernd of ban any Wally - Bani


Wali, a convoy is heading for Niger. It is thought it contains senior


members of the Gaddafi regime who have realised the game is up and


are fleeing with large quantities of money. The Colonel himself is


not thought to be among them. Is the net closing around Colonel


Gaddafi, or have his associates found an escape route? This is


Agadez, a Tuareg market town in northern Niger, important for trade


across The Sahara, but now the focus of international attention


amid reports that a Libyan convoy has been heading in this direction.


Accurate information is sparse. We have had reports in the past few


days about a number of pro-Gaddafi forces trying to exit the country.


Some of those have been confirmed, some have not. We still need to


confirm these most recent reports, but I think it points to an


underlying - I hope it points to an underlying fact which is that many


of the pro-Gaddafi forces are realising that the game is up.


Around Bani Wali, south of Tripoli, Libyan rebels are engaged in a


waiting game. They're trying to persuade Gaddafi loyalists to vernd


in what is one of their last strongholds. The National


Transitional Council has reassured tribal elders that no-one in the


town will be hurt and people lay down their arms.


As far as I know, the elders, they were very pleased and surprised


that this is our stance. They thought that we would take avenge,


especially the Gaddafi supporters that killed 13 from Bani Wali, and


there are some, even from not Bani Wali, they are Libyans and we will


protect them as we protect four families. The transitional


authorities in Libya still hope that Colonel Gaddafi has not


slipped out of the country. NATO has refused to comment on the


intelligence it gathers. It all means that rumour and speculation


will be at fever pitch until Gaddafi is found.


Let's go now to Southampton where I can speak to Professor Jeremy


Keenan from the school of oriental and African studies at the


University of London. Let's talk first of all about the


links between the regime in Niger and Colonel Gaddafi. What was the


relationship like? We've got a new regime in nerj now. There was a


coup in February last year, and the old regime was thrown out. There's


then a junta took over and there's been elections, so there is a new


regime, and so far a very good one. It's cleaned up a lot of the


country, and the relationship between the new regime and Gaddafi


is not quite as clear as the old one. I personally don't think that


the new regime, the new president, President Isifu, would be


particularly keen to have Gaddafi in the country. He may well


facilitate his transference and transit through to somewhere else


such as Burkina Faso or Senegal, but I don't think any of the powers


in NATO, certainly the NTC in Libya, would really want to have Gaddafi


staying in Niger for more than a transitory period. I think that is


possibly the pattern we're beginning to see here.


mentioned Burkina Faso. There had been reports earlier on in the day


that they might offer Gaddafi asylum. A spokesman for their


government has come out and said no. What's his relationship been like


with that country? He's put a lot of money in there. Gaddafi has


thrown a lot of money around in these countries, hundreds of


millions into Ma limit i, into Niger and Burkina Faso. A lot of


that money has gone into the hands of politicians, some into


investments, buildings, infrastructure, so, in a sense, all


of these countries have a degree of indebtedness to him, and that is


through of Burkina Faso as well. There had been some reports that in


that convoy that crossed over the border, there were Tuareg fighters


from Niger who had been fighting with Gaddafi loyalists. Is it


possible that members of the Tuareg tribe might actually protect


Gaddafi loyalists within Niger? Have they the power to do that?


It's a very complex situation. Yes, there's a possibility of that. The


Tuareg cover much of the country from near to Tripoli right down


through the part of the world we're talking about, central Sahara,


Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. Some of them have been on Gaddafi's side,


for all sorts of different reasons; some have been against him and with


the rebels. It's a very complex picture and it's rather dangerous


and misleading to talk about the Tuareg as a unified tribe or


something of that nature. There are divisions between them, not of


their own making, but of which side they've been rather caught up on,


in a sense, either for the Gaddafi or against. So a pretty complex


picture there. But certainly these coming back might well have been


some of those who were closer to him in terms of a body guard, yes.


Who in that region is most likely to offer Gaddafi shelter, if


anyone? Gosh. Mali would be quite happy to have him. He's got a lot


of friends in Mali. He's got a big property in Tim buck did you and in


the capital, but there will be a lot of pressure on Mali not to have


him, from NATO, France, and the - I think there would be a lot of


pressure on Mali not to have him, probably the same in Niger as well.


If he does find or make a home in any of these countries in the Sahil,


it will keep a major destabilising force in the area so his presence


is not really going to be welcomed at that level, even though he may


have a lot of friends on the ground and people who are indebted to him.


Thank you very much. It's a relationship that is going


from bad to worse: today, the Turkish Prime Minister has said


that all military deals with Israel have been suspended. Israel has


refused to apologise for attacking a flotilla heading for Gaza last


year during which nine Turkish activists were killed. Recep Tayyip


Erdogan has accused Israel of acting like a spoiled child. His


comments four days after Turkey downgraded diplomatic relations


with Israel following a UN report on the Gaza raid.


Israeli tour I have to say at Istanbul airport. No longer sure of


a welcome. Some have reported being strip


searched in what Turkish officials describe as reciprocation for


similar treatment of Turks in Israel. So Israeli travel agents


are reporting multiple cancellations. Numbers travelling


to Turkey are now less than ten per cent of what they were three years


ago. The Turkish Prime Minister is


offering only more of the same. Israel behaves like a spoilt child,


he complained. All military deals are now suspended.


15 years ago, the two countries signed a mutual defence pact


bringing with it substantial military co-operation. Israel won


contracts to upgrade 100 US-made fnch 4 and fnch 5 fighters in the


Turkish air force. It was also to modernise 170 US-made MS-60 tanks


and agreed to sell ten unmanned aircraft. They already play an


important role in the Turkish army's operations against Kurdish


insurgence in the south-east. It didn't end there.


Israel also sold missiles and other high-tech equipment to the Turkish


military. In return, Turkey allowed Israeli air force jets to join


exercises in its air space. That relationship now seems finished.


Although some Israeli ministers still hold out hope that it can be


revived. Israel and Turkey are the two


strongest and most important nations at the present time in the


region, and even when we have disputes and we have several


disputes, we should act out of our heads not our guts on both sides.


What happened aboard the flotilla last year makes that advice very


difficult to follow in Turkey - at least without some form of an


Israeli apology. Right now, the Turkish government seems determined


to punish Israel in any way it can. We're going to get some analysis of


that situation between Turkey and Israel in a moment, but let's get


some other news first. The BBC has learned that NATO-led


mission in Afghanistan is considering suspending the transfer


of detainees to Afghan jails in a number of areas in the country


following allegations of widespread torture and the mistreatment of


prisoners. Our correspondent in Kabul has the details.


The allegations come in a UN report. It hasn't actually been published


yet, but the NDS, the National directorate of Security, the


intelgeneral service here, and indeed the police, are aware of


some of the allegations in this report, and the allegations are


fairly strong stuff. They suggest that prisoners have been tortured


or seriously mistreated at a number of intelligence service jails and


police jails across this country. The NDS denies these claims and


says its jails are in proper order. That is to be treated with


scepticism because we've known in the past, we've heard reports of


prisoners being tortured. The big problem for the NATO-led mission


here is that their plan to get out of Afghanistan is that they will


transfer responsibility for security to Afghans, while some


people here in Kabul are saying they now believe that it those


Afghan security forces simply can't be trusted. The UN War Crimes


Tribunal in the Hague has found the former Chief of Staff of the


Yugoslav army guilty of crimes against humanity. During the


Bosnian and Croatian wars of the 1990s, Momcilo Perisic was


sentenced to 27 years in jail. He organised support for Serb armies


in the two former Yugoslav republics. James Murdoch has said


he stands by his evidence to British MPs investigating the News


of the World phone hacking scandal. He spoke out after two former


executives at News International told a parliamentary committee that


Mr Murdoch knew about evidence suggesting phone hacking was


widespread at the newspaper. A siege in the Australian city of


siege involved a man holding his daughter and claiming to have a


bomb has ended without injury. Police decided to bring the


negotiations to an end forcefully after negotiations broke down.


Let's return now to that story about the relationship between


Turkey and Israel which has broken down severely. I'm severely Recep


Tayyip Erdogan, the Prime Minister of Turkey, is demanding an apology


from the Israelis. He's clearly not going to get that.


What is he going to gain out of prolonging this fight, and upping


the ante? It is really all about saving face. Prime Minister Erdogan


wants to be seen, especially among the Turkish public, and the wider


Arab public, of doing something, to try to demonstrate to the Israelis


that Turkey will not accept Israel's objection to giving an


apology to Turkey. He's got a lot to lose because there were quite


close links by the Turkish military and the zeal military. Both Turkey


and Israel will lose. Israel will lose a lucrative market for its


weaponry and technology, and Israel will lose access to quality,


sensitive intelligence, especially on Iran, Iraq, and Syria, and vice


versa, Turkey will lose access to military technology, and access to


high-quality intelligence. Washington is very worried about


this, the State Department put out a statement a short time ago


because obviously these are two of America's key allies in the region.


What is Washington doing to try and bring them closer together? The US


secretary of state Hillary Clinton, has tried to put enormous pressure


on Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to give an apology, a


diluted form of apology, to Turkey. Prime Minister Netanyahu has


refused, so now what I think what Washington is trying to do is


trying to do some damage limitation, try to mend the fences, but I


suspect that although Washington will chaperone both Turkey and


Israel, I still think that the disagreements between them will


escalate. Briefly, the Prime Minister also said today that he


was going to increase naval patrols by Turkey in the Eastern


Mediterranean. This is not going to go down well with Israel, is it?


Israel will not be happy to see Turkish ships on the patrolling the


Eastern Mediterranean, but I do not think that Turkey will try to break


the Israeli naval blockade of Gaza. Thank you very much.


Millions of people across Italy went on strike today piling the


pressure on a government desperately trying to produce and


enforce a credible austerity plan. Italy is the eurozone's third


largest economy, and its ability to take control of its finances is


considered essential for the stability of the single currency.


The Italian cabinet is, as we speak, holding an extraordinary meeting to


put the final touches on an austerity plan and discuss the best


way to put it through parliament. We can now speak to our Rome


correspondent. This austerity plan has been through quite a few


changes, hasn't it, since it was first agreed earlier last month?


has indeed. It has been zig-zagging all the way, and Mr Berlusconi put


forward the idea for an increase in VAT, and then he said he withdrew


it, and then he put it in again and said it would just last for three


months. There's been talk about changing pension arrangements,


there's been talk about a wealth tax which was originally going to


affect people with an income of over 100,000 euros. This we


understand has been changed. The percentage is going to be less than


before. In other words, Mr Berlusconi has shown that his


government is really rather weak, and there are too many people


lobbying - interest groups - lobbying to get a better deal out


of this austerity package. Because the wealth tax in particular was


quite controversial, with lots of Italian footballers jumped up and


down about that one. Well, what happened was that it caused a


strike. It caused a fortnight's delay in the start of the Italian


Serie A games. A member of the Northern League, one of the


government ministers, who said it was very very important for


footballers to be able to earn lots of money, and, of course, the


government appears to agree. The whole way in which the government


has handled this affair seems to show that Mr Berlusconi does not


have full control of his government. He is enmeshed in various scandals


affecting him personally, and it remains to be seen, actually, just


how the financial markets are going to react to this much tweaked


austerity budget which is being passed by parliament tonight and


tomorrow. Mr Berlusconi set a deadline of Thursday for getting


the whole package approved by the parliament but it's by no means


sure that the European Central Bank is going to continue purchasing


Italian government bonds as it has been doing in recent days, and this


has helped the Italians immensely. We will just have to wait and see.


Thank you very much. Helicopters have begun lifting


supplies to communities cut off by a powerful typhoon in central and


western Japan. It has been confirmed that almost 40 people


have been killed and that more than 50 are missing after the country's


most powerful storm in recent years powered landslides and floods. The


back back prefrequenture was the most heavily hit. Days after the


typhoon lashed western Japan, rescuers are still hoping to find


survivors. Police teams are flying into the


remote mountains. The death toll is rising, and dozens of people are


still missing. The airlift was taking in supplies,


too. Villages have been cut off by landslides, the mostly elderly


residents left without food, electricity, and water.


The Hamlet of Nachi Katsuura is filled with debris. For the


Japanese, a painful reminder of the tsunami in March. The local mayor


found his daughter's body on Sunday. His wife is missing and presumed


dead too. TRANSLATION: I have to think about


how to help the people of the town deal with this disaster. Only after


that can I think about my family. I hope that I can find my wife soon


to send off my family with my daughter.


24-year-old Sachi Teremoto was due to celebrate her engagement on the


day the storm swept in. Elsewhere, in Totsukawa, a swear house filled


with explosives has been destroyed. More than half a tonne of material


used for blasting tunnels is somewhere in the mud, hampering the


relief effort. Railways and roads across the


region have been washed away. Japan's new Prime Minister is


hoping to travel to the areas affected by the typhoon, according


to the government's chief spokesman. So far, there's been little


criticism of his response to the disaster, but he'll be mindful that


inept handling of the earthquake and tsunami cost his predecessor


his job. On September 11th 2001, there were


only a handful of survivors above the point at which the Al-Qaeda


piloted planes hit the twin towers of the World Trade Center. This is


the remarkable story of Brian Clark and sandy pram gnat who escaped the


Stanley Praimnath gives thanks to the God he believes sent a guardian


angel to protect him. Ten years ago, Stanley thought his last day on


earth had come when a plane samd into the 81 is it floor of the


World Trade Center south tower, as he was at his desk on the phone.


I'm looking towards the Statue of Liberty, and something caught my


eyes. As the plane is getting closer, I can hear the revving


sound, as if total acceleration would pick up more force. I


screamed, I said, "Lord, I can't do this, you take over."


Brian Clark worked three floors above Stanley in the south tower.


The two men had never met. He was three floors below me. Brian told


me how a discussion with his colleagues about what to do after


the plane hit the building was interrupted by the sound of Stanley


seeking help. I heard "Help, I'm buried, I can't breathe." That sort


of thing. Brian and Stanley worked away at the walls separating them.


I said the only way out of here is for you to come up the wall, so he


scrambled up, I missed him the first time, the second time when he


jumped, I caught something, hevd him up and over the wall, and we


fell back down on the ground. He gave me this big kiss. I said, "I'm


Brian." I stood up. He said "I'm Stanley." He said "All my life I


live as an only child. I was born and raised in Canada. I always


wanted a brother, and I find that man today. This good man put a hand


on my shoulder, and he looked at me, and he said, "Come on, Buddy, let's


go home." Just minutes after the two men


escaped from the south tower, the unthinkable happened.


Before losing one another in the confusion, Stanley had given Brian


his business card. I had this feeling come over me


that there was no Stanley at all, a guardian angel kind of concept that


was there, I imagined it all to get me out of the building.


I reached in my pocket, and I pulled out the business card, so I


knew there was really a Stanley. The line between life and death


that day was a clear one. Almost everyone above the point at


which the planes hit the twin towers perished.


Stanley and Brian were among a handful of survivors. Brian loves


me unconditionally, and if I was to be in trouble again, God forbid, I


don't want anybody else to rescue me but Brian Clark. Is it possible


that Stanley helped to save you? There's no question that as the


events unrolled that day, I happened to be the one that heard


him. I went in and got him. I came back with him, and together we dug


through the debris, so we were dependent on each other, absolutely.


Brian will join Stanley at his New York church on the tenth


anniversary of the attacks. The two men who became blood


brothers will mourn their lost colleagues and reflect on their


remarkable bond. 8 NASA has has released new images


of the Apollo landing sites on the moon. The images show signs of


equipment the lunar Rovers and a trail of footprints left on the


lunar surface by astronauts 40 years ago.


This was the best view we had of a lunar landing site - until now.


This new image is from a spacecraft in low orbit. Look closely, and you


can see the footprints of astronauts as they bounced along


the lunar surface, and here, a trail left by their moon buggy. In


the vacuum of space, the hardware has remained in pristine condition.


What is wonderful about these pictures is their clarity. We can


now see the individual experiments left on the moon, but the


footprints, particularly for Apollo 17, the last footprints left on the


moon, and we can see they've hardly changed in 40 years.


It's one small step for man... was more than 40 years ago that


Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon. It was the first of just six lunar


landings. The astronauts had fun, but having


achieved its goal of beating the Russians to the moon, NASA


cancelled the Apollo programme, and in 1974, the Americans lefpt the


moon and haven't been back since. The equipment on the lunar surface


is all that's left of the moon missions. The Rovers, the landers,


the flagpoles, will be preserved for millions of years as a


testament to a heroic era of human space travel.


NASA has scrapped its shuttle programme but says it wants to go


back to the moon in a new spacecraft. Many doubt whether the


US has the money or or desire to do so. The new pictures should lay to


rest, though, the conspiracy theories that the moon landings


were shot in a Hollywood studio as part of an elaborate hoax.


Amazing to think those footprints are still there. A quick reminder


of our main news: a heavily armed convoy of 15 Libyan vehicles is


driving through the African state of Niger. Ministers in Niger say


Colonel Gaddafi is not on board but opposition leaders say they believe


the vehicles are carrying gold and money. Meanwhile, opposition forces


have finished their talks with the elders of Bani Wali.


This was one of the last bastions of support for Colonel Gaddafi.


Turkey says all military ties with Israel have been suspended. It's


the latest sign of growing Turkish anger over Israel's refusal to


apologise for a raid on the flotilla heading for Gaza last year


during which nine activists were killed. That's all from the


programme.. From me and the rest of programme.. From me and the rest of


the team, goodbye. Hello, we've all been buffeted


today by strong strong winds and heavy showers and the winds will


not die down any time soon. Tomorrow, very breezy and some of


us will have to contend with further showers. Low pressure is


driving our weather. You see the isobars close together responsible


for those strong winds and still that noticeable breeze going into


Wednesday. Most of the showers will be to the north-west of the UK,


southern and eastern areas will avoid most of the showers and stay


dry. North-west England, showers merging to give longer spells of


rain again durgt afternoon, north- east England, though, largely dry


and bright, across the Midlands, East Anglia, and much of southern


England, broken cloud, the cloud racing through the sky, but sunny


spells and mostly dry, just the odd shower coming through especially to


coastal parts of south-west England. Southern Wales looking mostly dry


but across the north, showers here merging to give a longer spell of


rain into the late afternoon and it will be turn wetter across western


parts of Northern Ireland. The further south-east you are, it


stays mainly dry. Further showers coming into western Scotland, again


developing into spells of rain later in the day. The east, apart


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