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This this is BBC World Today, with me, Kirsty Lang. A convoy of
Gaddafi loyalists have crossed into Niger. It's thought to be carrying
senior members much his government, gold and money. It points - I hope
it points to an underlying fact which is that many of the pro-
Gaddafi forces are realising the game is up. Turkey suspends all
military ties with Israel and steps up naval patrols in the Eastern
Mediterranean. The cabinet meets to beef up its
austerity plan under pressure from Europe and the markets in Italy.
Brought together by the tragedy of Hello, and welcome. While
negotiations continue in Libya for the vernd of ban any Wally - Bani
Wali, a convoy is heading for Niger. It is thought it contains senior
members of the Gaddafi regime who have realised the game is up and
are fleeing with large quantities of money. The Colonel himself is
not thought to be among them. Is the net closing around Colonel
Gaddafi, or have his associates found an escape route? This is
Agadez, a Tuareg market town in northern Niger, important for trade
across The Sahara, but now the focus of international attention
amid reports that a Libyan convoy has been heading in this direction.
Accurate information is sparse. We have had reports in the past few
days about a number of pro-Gaddafi forces trying to exit the country.
Some of those have been confirmed, some have not. We still need to
confirm these most recent reports, but I think it points to an
underlying - I hope it points to an underlying fact which is that many
of the pro-Gaddafi forces are realising that the game is up.
Around Bani Wali, south of Tripoli, Libyan rebels are engaged in a
waiting game. They're trying to persuade Gaddafi loyalists to vernd
in what is one of their last strongholds. The National
Transitional Council has reassured tribal elders that no-one in the
town will be hurt and people lay down their arms.
As far as I know, the elders, they were very pleased and surprised
that this is our stance. They thought that we would take avenge,
especially the Gaddafi supporters that killed 13 from Bani Wali, and
there are some, even from not Bani Wali, they are Libyans and we will
protect them as we protect four families. The transitional
authorities in Libya still hope that Colonel Gaddafi has not
slipped out of the country. NATO has refused to comment on the
intelligence it gathers. It all means that rumour and speculation
will be at fever pitch until Gaddafi is found.
Let's go now to Southampton where I can speak to Professor Jeremy
Keenan from the school of oriental and African studies at the
University of London. Let's talk first of all about the
links between the regime in Niger and Colonel Gaddafi. What was the
relationship like? We've got a new regime in nerj now. There was a
coup in February last year, and the old regime was thrown out. There's
then a junta took over and there's been elections, so there is a new
regime, and so far a very good one. It's cleaned up a lot of the
country, and the relationship between the new regime and Gaddafi
is not quite as clear as the old one. I personally don't think that
the new regime, the new president, President Isifu, would be
particularly keen to have Gaddafi in the country. He may well
facilitate his transference and transit through to somewhere else
such as Burkina Faso or Senegal, but I don't think any of the powers
in NATO, certainly the NTC in Libya, would really want to have Gaddafi
staying in Niger for more than a transitory period. I think that is
possibly the pattern we're beginning to see here.
mentioned Burkina Faso. There had been reports earlier on in the day
that they might offer Gaddafi asylum. A spokesman for their
government has come out and said no. What's his relationship been like
with that country? He's put a lot of money in there. Gaddafi has
thrown a lot of money around in these countries, hundreds of
millions into Ma limit i, into Niger and Burkina Faso. A lot of
that money has gone into the hands of politicians, some into
investments, buildings, infrastructure, so, in a sense, all
of these countries have a degree of indebtedness to him, and that is
through of Burkina Faso as well. There had been some reports that in
that convoy that crossed over the border, there were Tuareg fighters
from Niger who had been fighting with Gaddafi loyalists. Is it
possible that members of the Tuareg tribe might actually protect
Gaddafi loyalists within Niger? Have they the power to do that?
It's a very complex situation. Yes, there's a possibility of that. The
Tuareg cover much of the country from near to Tripoli right down
through the part of the world we're talking about, central Sahara,
Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. Some of them have been on Gaddafi's side,
for all sorts of different reasons; some have been against him and with
the rebels. It's a very complex picture and it's rather dangerous
and misleading to talk about the Tuareg as a unified tribe or
something of that nature. There are divisions between them, not of
their own making, but of which side they've been rather caught up on,
in a sense, either for the Gaddafi or against. So a pretty complex
picture there. But certainly these coming back might well have been
some of those who were closer to him in terms of a body guard, yes.
Who in that region is most likely to offer Gaddafi shelter, if
anyone? Gosh. Mali would be quite happy to have him. He's got a lot
of friends in Mali. He's got a big property in Tim buck did you and in
the capital, but there will be a lot of pressure on Mali not to have
him, from NATO, France, and the - I think there would be a lot of
pressure on Mali not to have him, probably the same in Niger as well.
If he does find or make a home in any of these countries in the Sahil,
it will keep a major destabilising force in the area so his presence
is not really going to be welcomed at that level, even though he may
have a lot of friends on the ground and people who are indebted to him.
Thank you very much. It's a relationship that is going
from bad to worse: today, the Turkish Prime Minister has said
that all military deals with Israel have been suspended. Israel has
refused to apologise for attacking a flotilla heading for Gaza last
year during which nine Turkish activists were killed. Recep Tayyip
Erdogan has accused Israel of acting like a spoiled child. His
comments four days after Turkey downgraded diplomatic relations
with Israel following a UN report on the Gaza raid.
Israeli tour I have to say at Istanbul airport. No longer sure of
a welcome. Some have reported being strip
searched in what Turkish officials describe as reciprocation for
similar treatment of Turks in Israel. So Israeli travel agents
are reporting multiple cancellations. Numbers travelling
to Turkey are now less than ten per cent of what they were three years
ago. The Turkish Prime Minister is
offering only more of the same. Israel behaves like a spoilt child,
he complained. All military deals are now suspended.
15 years ago, the two countries signed a mutual defence pact
bringing with it substantial military co-operation. Israel won
contracts to upgrade 100 US-made fnch 4 and fnch 5 fighters in the
Turkish air force. It was also to modernise 170 US-made MS-60 tanks
and agreed to sell ten unmanned aircraft. They already play an
important role in the Turkish army's operations against Kurdish
insurgence in the south-east. It didn't end there.
Israel also sold missiles and other high-tech equipment to the Turkish
military. In return, Turkey allowed Israeli air force jets to join
exercises in its air space. That relationship now seems finished.
Although some Israeli ministers still hold out hope that it can be
revived. Israel and Turkey are the two
strongest and most important nations at the present time in the
region, and even when we have disputes and we have several
disputes, we should act out of our heads not our guts on both sides.
What happened aboard the flotilla last year makes that advice very
difficult to follow in Turkey - at least without some form of an
Israeli apology. Right now, the Turkish government seems determined
to punish Israel in any way it can. We're going to get some analysis of
that situation between Turkey and Israel in a moment, but let's get
some other news first. The BBC has learned that NATO-led
mission in Afghanistan is considering suspending the transfer
of detainees to Afghan jails in a number of areas in the country
following allegations of widespread torture and the mistreatment of
prisoners. Our correspondent in Kabul has the details.
The allegations come in a UN report. It hasn't actually been published
yet, but the NDS, the National directorate of Security, the
intelgeneral service here, and indeed the police, are aware of
some of the allegations in this report, and the allegations are
fairly strong stuff. They suggest that prisoners have been tortured
or seriously mistreated at a number of intelligence service jails and
police jails across this country. The NDS denies these claims and
says its jails are in proper order. That is to be treated with
scepticism because we've known in the past, we've heard reports of
prisoners being tortured. The big problem for the NATO-led mission
here is that their plan to get out of Afghanistan is that they will
transfer responsibility for security to Afghans, while some
people here in Kabul are saying they now believe that it those
Afghan security forces simply can't be trusted. The UN War Crimes
Tribunal in the Hague has found the former Chief of Staff of the
Yugoslav army guilty of crimes against humanity. During the
Bosnian and Croatian wars of the 1990s, Momcilo Perisic was
sentenced to 27 years in jail. He organised support for Serb armies
in the two former Yugoslav republics. James Murdoch has said
he stands by his evidence to British MPs investigating the News
of the World phone hacking scandal. He spoke out after two former
executives at News International told a parliamentary committee that
Mr Murdoch knew about evidence suggesting phone hacking was
widespread at the newspaper. A siege in the Australian city of
siege involved a man holding his daughter and claiming to have a
bomb has ended without injury. Police decided to bring the
negotiations to an end forcefully after negotiations broke down.
Let's return now to that story about the relationship between
Turkey and Israel which has broken down severely. I'm severely Recep
Tayyip Erdogan, the Prime Minister of Turkey, is demanding an apology
from the Israelis. He's clearly not going to get that.
What is he going to gain out of prolonging this fight, and upping
the ante? It is really all about saving face. Prime Minister Erdogan
wants to be seen, especially among the Turkish public, and the wider
Arab public, of doing something, to try to demonstrate to the Israelis
that Turkey will not accept Israel's objection to giving an
apology to Turkey. He's got a lot to lose because there were quite
close links by the Turkish military and the zeal military. Both Turkey
and Israel will lose. Israel will lose a lucrative market for its
weaponry and technology, and Israel will lose access to quality,
sensitive intelligence, especially on Iran, Iraq, and Syria, and vice
versa, Turkey will lose access to military technology, and access to
high-quality intelligence. Washington is very worried about
this, the State Department put out a statement a short time ago
because obviously these are two of America's key allies in the region.
What is Washington doing to try and bring them closer together? The US
secretary of state Hillary Clinton, has tried to put enormous pressure
on Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to give an apology, a
diluted form of apology, to Turkey. Prime Minister Netanyahu has
refused, so now what I think what Washington is trying to do is
trying to do some damage limitation, try to mend the fences, but I
suspect that although Washington will chaperone both Turkey and
Israel, I still think that the disagreements between them will
escalate. Briefly, the Prime Minister also said today that he
was going to increase naval patrols by Turkey in the Eastern
Mediterranean. This is not going to go down well with Israel, is it?
Israel will not be happy to see Turkish ships on the patrolling the
Eastern Mediterranean, but I do not think that Turkey will try to break
the Israeli naval blockade of Gaza. Thank you very much.
Millions of people across Italy went on strike today piling the
pressure on a government desperately trying to produce and
enforce a credible austerity plan. Italy is the eurozone's third
largest economy, and its ability to take control of its finances is
considered essential for the stability of the single currency.
The Italian cabinet is, as we speak, holding an extraordinary meeting to
put the final touches on an austerity plan and discuss the best
way to put it through parliament. We can now speak to our Rome
correspondent. This austerity plan has been through quite a few
changes, hasn't it, since it was first agreed earlier last month?
has indeed. It has been zig-zagging all the way, and Mr Berlusconi put
forward the idea for an increase in VAT, and then he said he withdrew
it, and then he put it in again and said it would just last for three
months. There's been talk about changing pension arrangements,
there's been talk about a wealth tax which was originally going to
affect people with an income of over 100,000 euros. This we
understand has been changed. The percentage is going to be less than
before. In other words, Mr Berlusconi has shown that his
government is really rather weak, and there are too many people
lobbying - interest groups - lobbying to get a better deal out
of this austerity package. Because the wealth tax in particular was
quite controversial, with lots of Italian footballers jumped up and
down about that one. Well, what happened was that it caused a
strike. It caused a fortnight's delay in the start of the Italian
Serie A games. A member of the Northern League, one of the
government ministers, who said it was very very important for
footballers to be able to earn lots of money, and, of course, the
government appears to agree. The whole way in which the government
has handled this affair seems to show that Mr Berlusconi does not
have full control of his government. He is enmeshed in various scandals
affecting him personally, and it remains to be seen, actually, just
how the financial markets are going to react to this much tweaked
austerity budget which is being passed by parliament tonight and
tomorrow. Mr Berlusconi set a deadline of Thursday for getting
the whole package approved by the parliament but it's by no means
sure that the European Central Bank is going to continue purchasing
Italian government bonds as it has been doing in recent days, and this
has helped the Italians immensely. We will just have to wait and see.
Thank you very much. Helicopters have begun lifting
supplies to communities cut off by a powerful typhoon in central and
western Japan. It has been confirmed that almost 40 people
have been killed and that more than 50 are missing after the country's
most powerful storm in recent years powered landslides and floods. The
back back prefrequenture was the most heavily hit. Days after the
typhoon lashed western Japan, rescuers are still hoping to find
survivors. Police teams are flying into the
remote mountains. The death toll is rising, and dozens of people are
still missing. The airlift was taking in supplies,
too. Villages have been cut off by landslides, the mostly elderly
residents left without food, electricity, and water.
The Hamlet of Nachi Katsuura is filled with debris. For the
Japanese, a painful reminder of the tsunami in March. The local mayor
found his daughter's body on Sunday. His wife is missing and presumed
dead too. TRANSLATION: I have to think about
how to help the people of the town deal with this disaster. Only after
that can I think about my family. I hope that I can find my wife soon
to send off my family with my daughter.
24-year-old Sachi Teremoto was due to celebrate her engagement on the
day the storm swept in. Elsewhere, in Totsukawa, a swear house filled
with explosives has been destroyed. More than half a tonne of material
used for blasting tunnels is somewhere in the mud, hampering the
relief effort. Railways and roads across the
region have been washed away. Japan's new Prime Minister is
hoping to travel to the areas affected by the typhoon, according
to the government's chief spokesman. So far, there's been little
criticism of his response to the disaster, but he'll be mindful that
inept handling of the earthquake and tsunami cost his predecessor
his job. On September 11th 2001, there were
only a handful of survivors above the point at which the Al-Qaeda
piloted planes hit the twin towers of the World Trade Center. This is
the remarkable story of Brian Clark and sandy pram gnat who escaped the
Stanley Praimnath gives thanks to the God he believes sent a guardian
angel to protect him. Ten years ago, Stanley thought his last day on
earth had come when a plane samd into the 81 is it floor of the
World Trade Center south tower, as he was at his desk on the phone.
I'm looking towards the Statue of Liberty, and something caught my
eyes. As the plane is getting closer, I can hear the revving
sound, as if total acceleration would pick up more force. I
screamed, I said, "Lord, I can't do this, you take over."
Brian Clark worked three floors above Stanley in the south tower.
The two men had never met. He was three floors below me. Brian told
me how a discussion with his colleagues about what to do after
the plane hit the building was interrupted by the sound of Stanley
seeking help. I heard "Help, I'm buried, I can't breathe." That sort
of thing. Brian and Stanley worked away at the walls separating them.
I said the only way out of here is for you to come up the wall, so he
scrambled up, I missed him the first time, the second time when he
jumped, I caught something, hevd him up and over the wall, and we
fell back down on the ground. He gave me this big kiss. I said, "I'm
Brian." I stood up. He said "I'm Stanley." He said "All my life I
live as an only child. I was born and raised in Canada. I always
wanted a brother, and I find that man today. This good man put a hand
on my shoulder, and he looked at me, and he said, "Come on, Buddy, let's
go home." Just minutes after the two men
escaped from the south tower, the unthinkable happened.
Before losing one another in the confusion, Stanley had given Brian
his business card. I had this feeling come over me
that there was no Stanley at all, a guardian angel kind of concept that
was there, I imagined it all to get me out of the building.
I reached in my pocket, and I pulled out the business card, so I
knew there was really a Stanley. The line between life and death
that day was a clear one. Almost everyone above the point at
which the planes hit the twin towers perished.
Stanley and Brian were among a handful of survivors. Brian loves
me unconditionally, and if I was to be in trouble again, God forbid, I
don't want anybody else to rescue me but Brian Clark. Is it possible
that Stanley helped to save you? There's no question that as the
events unrolled that day, I happened to be the one that heard
him. I went in and got him. I came back with him, and together we dug
through the debris, so we were dependent on each other, absolutely.
Brian will join Stanley at his New York church on the tenth
anniversary of the attacks. The two men who became blood
brothers will mourn their lost colleagues and reflect on their
remarkable bond. 8 NASA has has released new images
of the Apollo landing sites on the moon. The images show signs of
equipment the lunar Rovers and a trail of footprints left on the
lunar surface by astronauts 40 years ago.
This was the best view we had of a lunar landing site - until now.
This new image is from a spacecraft in low orbit. Look closely, and you
can see the footprints of astronauts as they bounced along
the lunar surface, and here, a trail left by their moon buggy. In
the vacuum of space, the hardware has remained in pristine condition.
What is wonderful about these pictures is their clarity. We can
now see the individual experiments left on the moon, but the
footprints, particularly for Apollo 17, the last footprints left on the
moon, and we can see they've hardly changed in 40 years.
It's one small step for man... was more than 40 years ago that
Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon. It was the first of just six lunar
landings. The astronauts had fun, but having
achieved its goal of beating the Russians to the moon, NASA
cancelled the Apollo programme, and in 1974, the Americans lefpt the
moon and haven't been back since. The equipment on the lunar surface
is all that's left of the moon missions. The Rovers, the landers,
the flagpoles, will be preserved for millions of years as a
testament to a heroic era of human space travel.
NASA has scrapped its shuttle programme but says it wants to go
back to the moon in a new spacecraft. Many doubt whether the
US has the money or or desire to do so. The new pictures should lay to
rest, though, the conspiracy theories that the moon landings
were shot in a Hollywood studio as part of an elaborate hoax.
Amazing to think those footprints are still there. A quick reminder
of our main news: a heavily armed convoy of 15 Libyan vehicles is
driving through the African state of Niger. Ministers in Niger say
Colonel Gaddafi is not on board but opposition leaders say they believe
the vehicles are carrying gold and money. Meanwhile, opposition forces
have finished their talks with the elders of Bani Wali.
This was one of the last bastions of support for Colonel Gaddafi.
Turkey says all military ties with Israel have been suspended. It's
the latest sign of growing Turkish anger over Israel's refusal to
apologise for a raid on the flotilla heading for Gaza last year
during which nine activists were killed. That's all from the
programme.. From me and the rest of programme.. From me and the rest of
the team, goodbye. Hello, we've all been buffeted
today by strong strong winds and heavy showers and the winds will
not die down any time soon. Tomorrow, very breezy and some of
us will have to contend with further showers. Low pressure is
driving our weather. You see the isobars close together responsible
for those strong winds and still that noticeable breeze going into
Wednesday. Most of the showers will be to the north-west of the UK,
southern and eastern areas will avoid most of the showers and stay
dry. North-west England, showers merging to give longer spells of
rain again durgt afternoon, north- east England, though, largely dry
and bright, across the Midlands, East Anglia, and much of southern
England, broken cloud, the cloud racing through the sky, but sunny
spells and mostly dry, just the odd shower coming through especially to
coastal parts of south-west England. Southern Wales looking mostly dry
but across the north, showers here merging to give a longer spell of
rain into the late afternoon and it will be turn wetter across western
parts of Northern Ireland. The further south-east you are, it
stays mainly dry. Further showers coming into western Scotland, again
developing into spells of rain later in the day. The east, apart