12/09/2011 World News Today


12/09/2011

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This is BBC World News Today. An explosion rips through a Kenyan

:00:13.:00:18.

slum in Nairobi. At least 120 people are killed after a leaking

:00:18.:00:23.

fuel pipeline bursts into flames. The death toll is likely to rise.

:00:23.:00:28.

The most radical reform of British banking in a generation. Will they

:00:28.:00:30.

stave off another crisis and protect the taxpayer from footing

:00:31.:00:34.

the bill? Meanwhile, shares in major French

:00:34.:00:40.

banks plummet over concerns they are over-exposed to Greek debt.

:00:40.:00:45.

Slavery in the UK. Police discover 24 people held in filthy and

:00:45.:00:55.
:00:55.:00:56.

cramped conditions, working many years for next to nothing. Next me

:00:57.:01:02.

try this Again. SPEAKS RUSSIAN. As David Cameron tries to dazzle

:01:02.:01:05.

his hosts in Moscow with a bit of Russian, how important are language

:01:05.:01:15.
:01:15.:01:17.

skills in modern diplomacy? Hello and welcome. Today life for

:01:17.:01:20.

some of the poorest people in Nairobi became more wretched, after

:01:20.:01:25.

a fuel pipeline exploded in a densely populated slum. Dozens are

:01:25.:01:29.

being treated in hospital for severe burns. Around 120 were

:01:29.:01:33.

killed, leaving many families bereaved. Witnesses said people had

:01:33.:01:36.

been collecting fuel as it leaked from the pipeline into nearby open

:01:36.:01:40.

sewers, before it exploded. Our world affairs correspondent reports

:01:40.:01:50.
:01:50.:01:50.

from Nairobi. After the explosion of fuel that leaked from the

:01:50.:01:56.

pipeline, people in flames leaped into the river. The fires and

:01:56.:02:05.

reached to the river itself. They had been built up to the pipeline,

:02:05.:02:10.

the homes, and many were engulfed. All that was left was wreckage of

:02:10.:02:16.

corrugated iron sheds and scattered possessions. It began when word got

:02:16.:02:22.

around there was a leak, and people set out to scoop up what was

:02:23.:02:28.

leaking. Many were taken to hospital. This person said she

:02:28.:02:34.

heard a big blast and she saw people on fire. All around me were

:02:34.:02:44.
:02:44.:02:58.

people on fire. The Prime Minister visited. This is a terrible tragedy.

:02:58.:03:06.

It is unimaginable that so many people can lose their lives. It is

:03:06.:03:14.

terrible. Terrible. Terrible. the rescue work continued, there

:03:14.:03:19.

were echoes of a similar tragedy two years ago when fire broke out

:03:19.:03:22.

when they were scooping up fuel from an overturned tanker in

:03:23.:03:32.

western Kenya. We can get the latest in Nairobi.

:03:32.:03:42.
:03:42.:03:42.

Can you give us an update? authorities confirmed at least 80

:03:42.:03:47.

people were confirmed dead and they have been taken to the city

:03:47.:03:57.
:03:57.:03:58.

mortuary. They expect that number to rise. I was at the slum. I saw

:03:58.:04:03.

officials assessing bodies that had been killed. Can you tell us more

:04:03.:04:10.

about the slump? It is in the industrial district of Nairobi. It

:04:10.:04:17.

is one acre in size. It is densely populated. Most of their housing is

:04:17.:04:25.

made from corrugated iron. It is a low income area. It is not too far

:04:25.:04:33.

from the oil refinery, which is where the spill had come from.

:04:33.:04:35.

The most radical and comprehensive overhaul of the British Banking

:04:35.:04:41.

system in decades is on the cards. High street banking will be

:04:41.:04:45.

ringfenced from more risky investment operations. The

:04:45.:04:47.

government hopes the proposals, which should come into effect over

:04:47.:04:50.

the next eight years means tax payers are never again asked to

:04:50.:04:59.

spend tens of billions to pay for bankers' mistakes. Our Business

:04:59.:05:05.

Editor reports. The mighty banks, such as Royal

:05:05.:05:11.

Bank of Scotland, perhaps facing their biggest shake-up because of

:05:11.:05:19.

this economics professor. Sir John Vickers. Status quo is not an

:05:19.:05:24.

option. Things have to change. what are the reforms? The most

:05:24.:05:30.

important is the creation of a ring fence to protect parts of banks

:05:30.:05:35.

that provide vital services to individuals and small businesses.

:05:35.:05:41.

Retail banking would be protected if more speculative global

:05:41.:05:44.

investment banking parts found themselves in bother. A former

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Royal Bank of Scotland chairman said his old bank should not be

:05:47.:05:54.

anxious. The separation of investment banking from what I call

:05:54.:06:00.

commercial banking, that is more than retail, could be for the good

:06:00.:06:06.

of the bank. Because of recurring financial crisis witnessed over

:06:06.:06:11.

many centuries, the banks would have more rainy-day money and

:06:11.:06:14.

borrow from those who could afford to lose in bad times to make

:06:14.:06:19.

themselves more resilient. Around me is evidence of the boom in

:06:19.:06:29.

banking and finance and that is over 20 years. Between the City and

:06:29.:06:32.

Canary Wharf. The commission believes much of that boom was

:06:33.:06:38.

poisonous. Camber poison be extracted without harming the

:06:38.:06:46.

patient -- can it be extracted? The great banking crisis of 2007, saw

:06:46.:06:50.

massive costs heaped on taxpayers and the worst recession for eight

:06:50.:06:57.

years for which the UK and much of the West has not been recovered --

:06:57.:07:03.

eight years. Billions has been spent and hundreds of jobs have

:07:03.:07:11.

been lost. This asks the questions and provides the answers.

:07:11.:07:16.

commission says the costs will be �1 billion per year for the British

:07:16.:07:20.

economy and estimates the annual cost of banking crises of �40

:07:20.:07:24.

billion per year. If the reforms work, they would represent value

:07:24.:07:30.

for money. The chief executive of a bank said the reforms are a

:07:30.:07:36.

disaster. What does a member of the commission think of that? It is

:07:36.:07:41.

neither a disaster for any British bank, and it is not a disaster for

:07:41.:07:46.

the British public. His is not just about making banks safer, it is

:07:46.:07:54.

about promoting. Things like more competition on a high street.

:07:54.:08:00.

Easier switching. This is what the government should introduce. A new

:08:00.:08:05.

industry, not growing so much, perhaps, but possibly more stable

:08:05.:08:08.

and less dangerous. Meanwhile, there've been sharp

:08:08.:08:11.

falls across European stock markets as fears again gather strength

:08:11.:08:15.

about the possibility of a default in Greece. French banks have been

:08:15.:08:18.

hit particularly hard. There are concerns their credit rating might

:08:18.:08:24.

be downgraded because of their exposure to Greek debt. Societe

:08:24.:08:27.

Generale sought to calm fears by announcing plans to sell off assets

:08:27.:08:37.

to raise capital. From Paris, Christian Fraser reports.

:08:37.:08:44.

If Greece is the epicentre of the crisis, it sent shock waves to

:08:44.:08:48.

every corner of Europe. It cannot be felt more acutely than in Paris.

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Today, shares in French banks tumbled. Concerns grew about their

:08:54.:08:58.

exposure to government debt in Greece, Spain and Italy and the

:08:58.:09:04.

threat of a damn great in its Credit Agricole rating. --

:09:04.:09:09.

downgrade. Markets are pricing in the need for government in --

:09:09.:09:13.

intervention. Whether that is a capital injection, it is premature

:09:13.:09:18.

speculation, said the finance minister.

:09:18.:09:25.

TRANSLATION: There is no emergency for the banks. They have plenty of

:09:25.:09:30.

means of response. They will provide liquidity. The European

:09:30.:09:34.

Central Bank said there are 5 billion euros potentially available

:09:34.:09:40.

for banks. The French banks hold billions of Euros of Greek bonds.

:09:40.:09:50.
:09:50.:09:53.

Investors fear those assets could be devalued. American banks have

:09:53.:09:59.

begun to draw back on their loans. Societe Generale was forced to

:09:59.:10:07.

respond. They announced cuts of 4 billion euros. Enough to cope with

:10:07.:10:12.

reality if funding becomes more scarce. We have to recognise how

:10:12.:10:17.

much money we have spent and how much more we we may still have to

:10:17.:10:21.

put into the banking system. The question is how much this will cost

:10:21.:10:27.

European banks. The head of the European Central Bank gave

:10:27.:10:31.

assurances they could provide European banks with short-term

:10:31.:10:37.

lending. If French banks are downgraded, it may underscored that

:10:37.:10:44.

despite two bail-out packages, European governments are limited in

:10:44.:10:54.

their ability to defend banking. We can talk more about this. We are

:10:54.:11:03.

joined by a banking expert. If the French banks are in trouble, how

:11:04.:11:10.

serious could the crisis be? anything dramatic happened, it

:11:11.:11:18.

would not be a picnic. The question is anything dramatic will happen.

:11:18.:11:23.

This is a rumour that they might have a downgraded Credit rating. In

:11:23.:11:29.

France, there is suspicion day are over exposed to Greek debt. The

:11:30.:11:34.

French government says everything is all right. They would, wouldn't

:11:34.:11:40.

they? The French banks are over- exposed. To some degree. The

:11:40.:11:45.

question is, what is the real chance of that blubbing up? If it

:11:45.:11:54.

does, how badly? Can the French government do it -- blowing up. I

:11:55.:12:01.

do not think it could happen. I suspect there are people in the

:12:01.:12:05.

market who would quite like to see French bank shares go and there

:12:05.:12:09.

were and would like to see that. There are speculators on the market.

:12:09.:12:14.

Many people on the market get a profit if the share goes down as

:12:14.:12:20.

well as up. They bet on shares going down. You think speculators

:12:20.:12:27.

are driving the panic? Absolutely. There is evidence from a number of

:12:27.:12:30.

places in certain situations since the financial crisis that

:12:30.:12:34.

speculators have gone into the market and that that shares would

:12:34.:12:41.

go down. If they do, they win the bet and make money. And the French

:12:41.:12:46.

government calming the fears, will they succeed? Hopefully. One danger

:12:46.:12:51.

we have with modern systems, is that contagion spreads like

:12:51.:12:57.

wildfire. And about the British bank reforms? They are dramatic.

:12:57.:13:07.
:13:07.:13:08.

Are they going to work? In terms of the UK, they make the banks in the

:13:08.:13:13.

UK for less likely for any contagion to spread. In terms of

:13:13.:13:17.

making the global banking system safer, they do not add that much to

:13:17.:13:22.

the bigger picture. That is what they should be doing with the G20

:13:22.:13:29.

behind it. For the global meltdown, it is a global solution. If our

:13:30.:13:34.

part of it is safe and the rest blows up, our part goes with it.

:13:34.:13:40.

Banking is a global business and you need global solutions.

:13:40.:13:45.

We can look at some of the other main developments. Staying with

:13:45.:13:48.

France, the European Commission will help the French authorities

:13:48.:13:53.

monitor the impact of a fatal explosion at a nuclear plant. One

:13:53.:13:59.

person was killed and four injured when a first exploded at the site

:13:59.:14:05.

near Nimes. The French authorities say there is no radioactive leak.

:14:05.:14:09.

French police have interviewed the former IMF chief Dominic Strauss-

:14:09.:14:13.

Kahn as part of an investigation into a complaint filed by a

:14:13.:14:20.

journalist who alleges he tried to rape her. Tristane Banon says he

:14:20.:14:27.

assaulted her in 2003. Last month, a US prosecutor dropped attempt --

:14:27.:14:32.

attempted rape charges after saying the alleged victim was unreliable.

:14:32.:14:37.

He denied charges in both cases. Musicians welcomed a decision by

:14:37.:14:41.

the European Union to extend copyright for recorded music. The

:14:41.:14:46.

decision follows a campaign by people such as Cliff Richard who

:14:46.:14:56.
:14:56.:14:58.

faced a loss of revenue in later In South Africa, a court has ruled

:14:58.:15:02.

that a song calling for white farmers to be shocked at

:15:02.:15:11.

constitutes hate speech. The song was performed by a Julius Malema, a

:15:11.:15:15.

youth leader of the African National Congress. Defiant to the

:15:15.:15:20.

end, this was Julius Malema, at the weekend, singing a sanitised

:15:20.:15:27.

version of the controversial struggle song. But today in court

:15:27.:15:32.

the maverick politician was nowhere to be seen, just a handful of

:15:32.:15:37.

supporters amassed outside as the judge delivered the damning ruling.

:15:37.:15:42.

The song amounted to hate speech and was banned out right.

:15:42.:15:49.

This is not really a victory for those who oppose Julius Malema, it

:15:49.:15:55.

is a victory for those in those communities. There ruling party may

:15:55.:16:00.

have it on his shoes with Julius Malema, but on liberation songs it

:16:00.:16:06.

has closed ranks. Senior figures within the party

:16:06.:16:12.

testified that the refrain captured its country's history.

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Our appeal will continue, we are journeying on, we will defend the

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heritage of the African National Congress.

:16:20.:16:24.

Not long ago, Julius Malema seemed invincible and now seems like a

:16:24.:16:28.

broken man. Though his supporters outside court are trying to put a

:16:28.:16:32.

brave face on -- put a brave face on things, the second hearing

:16:32.:16:41.

tomorrow could mark the end of Julius Malema's political career.

:16:41.:16:51.

Julius Malema's supporters clashed with police one month ago.

:16:51.:16:55.

By if found guilty of bringing the party into disrepute, Julius Malema

:16:55.:17:05.

could be expelled from the African It is six months since the massive

:17:05.:17:09.

earthquake and tsunami that hit north-eastern Japan. Almost 16,000

:17:09.:17:14.

people are known to have died, nearly 5,000 more still missing.

:17:14.:17:19.

There are now fears the worst hit town may never recover. Our

:17:19.:17:22.

correspondent, Damian Grammaticas, who reported from Japan in the

:17:22.:17:27.

aftermath of the disaster, has been back to the visit one of the

:17:27.:17:32.

affected areas. The water, you would think for a

:17:32.:17:36.

tsunami survivor, would be terrifying.

:17:36.:17:41.

Six months ago, Chihiro was swallowed by the waves. She saw

:17:41.:17:45.

more than half of her swimming team swept away, but today she is back

:17:45.:17:49.

in training and says it holds no fear.

:17:49.:17:55.

By Japan's earthquake unleashed the tsunami, Chihiro's team were

:17:55.:18:00.

swimming near the seashore. This is news footage of that day.

:18:00.:18:05.

Underneath the water, their town of Rikuzentakata lies submerged. This

:18:05.:18:10.

building is where they were trapped. The after the disaster, her teacher

:18:10.:18:15.

showed us how it Chihiro survived. The mark on the wall shows the tiny

:18:15.:18:18.

space where she found she could breathe.

:18:19.:18:23.

Offered team-mates, seven died. Chihiro had been gripping one

:18:23.:18:27.

friend's hand, trying to pull her to safety. The water tore them

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apart. TRANSLATION: When I am alone, I

:18:35.:18:40.

cannot help thinking about my friend who died. I really long to

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see them again. Chihiro's town, so badly damaged,

:18:46.:18:51.

is trying to move on, too. There is a massive effort to shift and sift

:18:51.:18:57.

the wreckage. We now is that -- we now know 1,500 people died when

:18:57.:19:01.

Rikuzentakata was washed away. 2,000 more have since packed their

:19:01.:19:05.

bags and left, their homes and livelihoods gone. Getting on with

:19:05.:19:10.

the job of rebuilding is the urgent priority for the survivors here in

:19:10.:19:13.

Rikuzentakata. They have even started drawing up plans. They

:19:13.:19:18.

feared nothing is done, people will leave this town and it will slowly

:19:18.:19:22.

wither and die. The plan is to be built the town's sea walls, but

:19:22.:19:27.

make them 15 metres high. Japan's Government promised a huge

:19:27.:19:33.

emergency budget for reconstruction, but nothing has happened. Ranks of

:19:34.:19:39.

prefabricated huts have been put up to house more than 2,000 families,

:19:39.:19:44.

including cows's. Her father has lost his or oyster fishing business,

:19:44.:19:48.

and her grandfather is one of 200 people from the Town presumed dead

:19:48.:19:55.

but often no trace has been found. A TRANSLATION: At what do I think

:19:55.:19:59.

about the Government? Not much. Our politicians have been fighting over

:19:59.:20:03.

who should be Prime Minister. This is not the time for that. We have

:20:04.:20:09.

come to expect nothing from them. Chihiro's school was destroyed, so

:20:09.:20:14.

every morning she travels one hour of the coast to a temporary one. Or

:20:14.:20:21.

she wants is a new school and a new home in Rikuzentakata. -- all she

:20:21.:20:24.

wants. In the meantime, it is a swimming, she says, that teacher

:20:24.:20:27.

from dwelling on the memories of the tsunami.

:20:27.:20:31.

TRANSLATION: When I am swimming, I do not have to think about anything,

:20:31.:20:41.
:20:41.:20:43.

I just empty my mind. That is why I Damian Grammaticas with the

:20:44.:20:47.

aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan.

:20:47.:20:50.

Four people in Britain have been charged with slavery offences

:20:50.:20:55.

relating to four people found at a travellers' site. The men are all

:20:55.:20:59.

from the same family of travellers and were charged with conspiracy to

:20:59.:21:04.

holding a person in servitude and conspiring to hold them in forced

:21:04.:21:07.

labour. David Cameron has been visiting

:21:07.:21:10.

Russia today along with leading British business leaders. He said

:21:10.:21:15.

he wanted to consolidate British political and commercial links with

:21:15.:21:20.

Russia. When Mr Cameron tried to impress his hosts with a few words

:21:20.:21:25.

in Russian, the Foreign Office announced today it is reinvesting

:21:25.:21:29.

in building the language skills of British diplomats. Our

:21:29.:21:32.

correspondent looks at language, politics and diplomacy in the

:21:33.:21:36.

modern world. A lot has changed since David

:21:36.:21:41.

Cameron first visited Russia 26 years ago. Then, he was on a gap

:21:41.:21:44.

year between school and university. Now, as British Prime Minister, he

:21:44.:21:50.

was just asking to practise Russian. Today I want to make their case

:21:50.:22:00.
:22:00.:22:00.

that... Are SPEAKS RUSSIAN... Together, we are stronger.

:22:00.:22:05.

OK, it was not perfect, but just a little phrase, especially in a

:22:05.:22:09.

language as difficult as Russian, can go a long way. After all, he

:22:09.:22:17.

has to keep up with his polyglot deputy, who speaks five languages.

:22:17.:22:26.

SPEAKS GERMAN. Do the famous German air is very

:22:26.:22:33.

refreshing, says Nick Clegg. Also, Tony Blair had the French

:22:33.:22:37.

language. SPEAKS FRENCH.

:22:37.:22:42.

Or did he? One diplomat recalls cent meeting his one-time

:22:42.:22:47.

counterpart whose policies he was said to envy. When he switched into

:22:47.:22:51.

friends, Mr Blair was said to have translated his thoughts too

:22:51.:22:56.

literally, sane, I lust after you in many different positions. --

:22:56.:23:02.

seeing, I lost after you. The US politicians exercise their

:23:02.:23:07.

skills with mixed degrees of success. Who in Ireland can forget

:23:07.:23:16.

Barack Obama's visit in May when he showed off Gaelic? Hillary Clinton

:23:16.:23:19.

delved into the Russian dictionary to try to rebuild relations with

:23:19.:23:25.

Moscow. She arrived in Geneva clasping a symbolic but in with a

:23:25.:23:30.

Russian word written on it. We worked hard to get the right

:23:30.:23:34.

Russian word, did we get it? you got it wrong.

:23:34.:23:41.

Unfortunately, there would have chosen meant, overcharged.

:23:41.:23:44.

- Mike there were but they chose meant overcharged.

:23:44.:23:51.

We are joined by Professor David Bellos from Princeton University

:23:51.:23:57.

who has just written a book called Is That A Fish In Your Ear?. This

:23:57.:24:01.

idea of reviving language skills for British diplomats, are they

:24:01.:24:08.

needed? Everyone wants to speak English, do they really need it? It

:24:08.:24:11.

be yes, because if they are the only people who only speak English,

:24:11.:24:13.

they are going to be missing a great deal.

:24:13.:24:17.

But they must rely on their translators before they can even

:24:17.:24:25.

read the morning paper headlines, the at a disadvantage.

:24:25.:24:31.

Do they not talk to other politicians who speak English?

:24:31.:24:37.

Yes, of course English is a planetary language nowadays, it has

:24:37.:24:44.

been in increasing quantities for several decades, but that does not

:24:44.:24:46.

mean that non-native English speakers do not speak other

:24:46.:24:52.

languages, often more than one. That does not mean that interesting

:24:52.:24:57.

and important conversations do not go on in Chinese and in French,

:24:57.:25:04.

German, Japanese and Arabic. Not to eat and be able to get on board at

:25:04.:25:09.

a passive level in this sort of thing going on is not an advantage

:25:09.:25:12.

for a diplomat or for anyone else who needs to have some

:25:12.:25:17.

understanding of another culture. Does a little go a long way? We saw

:25:17.:25:22.

a David Cameron trying to impress Russia with a few words? Good

:25:22.:25:25.

people like it when the unit -- when you make an effort, or do you

:25:25.:25:29.

have to become proficient to gain the benefits you are talking about?

:25:29.:25:33.

That is variable according to who is doing it and what the other

:25:33.:25:38.

society is like. I can only give a few anecdotes on this, but

:25:38.:25:40.

certainly in Hungary so few foreigners speak Hungarian that

:25:40.:25:46.

even trying a few words they are over the moon that you are trying.

:25:46.:25:50.

In France, the French have a very much more self-confident view of

:25:50.:25:54.

their language. Just the fireplace or? There are

:25:54.:25:59.

those who say Nicolas Sarkozy would have a much greater global impact

:25:59.:26:07.

if he communicated in English sometimes when talking about Libya.

:26:07.:26:12.

The French, of course, speak a language which, for many centuries,

:26:12.:26:16.

was the global language and the language of culture, and that they

:26:16.:26:20.

wish to hang on to it, at least for themselves. We must not forget,

:26:20.:26:24.

French is spoken not as a native nine with -- native language but as

:26:24.:26:27.

a language of culture and communication in many parts of the

:26:27.:26:34.

world, especially in the Middle East and Africa. It is part of the

:26:34.:26:37.

global conversation. Thank you very much indeed for

:26:37.:26:42.

talking to us. That is all for the programme, but Next is is the

:26:42.:26:52.

weather. Formatted from me, Zeinab Badawi, goodbye. -- from me, Zeinab

:26:52.:27:02.
:27:02.:27:04.

The we have had a windy day and where every you have been, very

:27:04.:27:08.

dusty conditions, particularly across the North and areas of the

:27:09.:27:13.

UK. We still have an amber warning in force from the Met Office for

:27:13.:27:18.

the strength of the winds. All centred around this an area of low

:27:18.:27:26.

pressure across southern -- across Scotland. For Tuesday, another

:27:26.:27:30.

windy day, perhaps not as windy as today. In the north, further heavy

:27:31.:27:37.

rain, in Scotland further south it is showers. In Northern England to

:27:37.:27:41.

the east, some strong gusts starting to develop. Through the

:27:41.:27:46.

southernmost counties of England, it is hit-and-miss with the showers.

:27:46.:27:53.

They will come through with some brisk westerly winds. Or the south-

:27:53.:27:56.

west England and Wales Country gusty conditions where you are

:27:57.:28:04.

exposed. There is a chance through the Irish Sea we could have more

:28:04.:28:11.

destruction to the ferries. Across areas of Northern Ireland, Wendy

:28:11.:28:14.

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