13/09/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang. A brazen attack in


broad daylight. Taliban fighters attack the US embassy and NATO


headquarters in Kabul. The Turkish Prime Minister tells Arab leaders


that Israel is a barrier to peace in the Middle East and they must


pay the price. Can shine they ease Italy's pain?


As his borrowing costs hit a new high, Rome turns to Beijing for


help. Thwarted and bitter? What did


Jacqueline Kennedy really think of her husband's successor? American


television is about to air never before heard tapes released by her


daughter Caroline. She was fond of Lyndon Johnson and found him


amusing and warm-hearted. Degas's obsession with ballet, an


exhibition looks at how the French artist captured the movement of his


Hello and welcome. In the centre of Kabul under the noses of the


Americans and nine hours ago and number of heavily armed Taliban


fighters in suicide vests took over and unoccupied multi-storey


building and started firing rockets at the US embassy and NATO


headquarters. Staff inside are reported to be saved, but at least


seven people have been killed outside. It is thought two fighters


are still holed up in the building. Here is Quentin Somerville with the


latest. We believe that one of the suicide


bombers detonated his best on the 7th floor of the building and we


believe that one or even more attackers are on the night the


floor. It is nine hours since the attacks began, so you get an idea


of the level of resistance these attackers have been put it up today


despite the considerable effort of Afghan and international forces to


dislodge them. Running for cover from a Taliban assault, this type


in the heart of Kabul's embassy district. The wounded and the


bleeding are helped to safety. The insurgents were heavily armed in


one of the City's busiest streets. You can see the smoke from an


explosion behind and there is gunfire all over the area. This is


the US Embassy and ISAF headquarters. It seems like a


significant attack. Gunfire broke out across the neighbourhood, we


headed for cover. This is the aftermath of the rocket attack, a


school bus riddled with shrapnel. The children were in cars and


unharmed. The target was the US embassy. Guards took up positions


on the roof. The police opened fire on the attackers in a building high


above them. The gunfire was heavy and sustained. Helicopters were


called in to fire on the Taliban. This Taliban attacks started with a


suicide bomber at the Abdul Haq roundabout. It was followed by a


series of explosions and gunfire heard in the neighbourhood, it is


home to many embassies and aid agencies. At first it seemed I was


six militants had got into one of the tallest buildings about 300


metres from the US embassy. From there they targeted it and the ISAF


headquarters. The Taliban fought on. Five hours later it is thought at


least one fighter is still alive in the building. Afghan security


forces needed foreign help. They reacted quickly, they brought their


helicopters in, which is the first time the Afghan a store's security


forces used their own helicopters for an operation like this. They


responded very well. It seems as if the situation is winding down at


the moment. The attack would likely have lasted longer without that


assistance. ISAF says it has the Taliban on the back foot, but to


people in Kabul Bhat assessment seems wildly optimistic. The focus


of the attack was here, but the Taliban also sent a number of other


attackers elsewhere in the city. One tried to make it inside the


airport, but he was killed before he was able to do so.


Let's take a look at some of the other news. In north-west Pakistan


gunmen have ambushed a school bus on the outskirts of Peshawar,


killing five children and their driver. They were travelling to a


village from their school. 19 people were wounded. The attack


happened near the volatile tribal belt where Taliban militants are


active. At Taliban statement claimed responsibility.


In Pakistan aid workers say that floods in Sindh province are the


worst that they have seen, even worse than last year. More than 5


million people have been affected. In the city of Karachi main roads


are submerged, while schools and businesses are closed. More than


8000 families -- 800,000 families are still homeless.


Iran says it will release two American hikers it has been holding


as spies since 2009. Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal were sentenced to


eight years in jail last month. An Iranian judge has agreed to bail


them for $500,000 each and once it has been paid, they will be free to


lead. They said they stayed into Iran by accident.


The British artist Richard Hamilton, often described as the father of


Pop Art, has died aged 89. He produced his first collage is in


the early 50s. Much of his work was political, including images of


Northern Ireland and Tony Blair as a cowboy.


Italy, which has one of the biggest debt problems in Europe, has turned


to China for help. Italian officials have confirmed talks were


held in Rome last week with representatives from China's


sovereign well-thumbed. Italy is hoping Beijing will buy large


quantities of Italian bonds and invest in its companies. The lower


house of the Italian parliament is debating a package of austerity


measures. Chris Morris reports from Rome.


It takes a lot of bottle to save an economy and 10 million roll off the


production line here every year. But the sovereign debt crisis is


forcing Italy to face uncomfortable truths. While this family and


distillery lives within its means, the country does not. Will the


political class finally persuade Italians they mean business. They


Government has to give them an example, they are the first to make


sacrifices and the Italians will follow. You cannot ask people to


make sacrifices when you keep your privileges. We have a very


difficult moment, but I believe Italy can survive. Some things in


Italy never seemed to change, but looks can be deceptive. The economy


had been sluggish for years and the sweet life is already coming to an


end. Just like in Greece or Portugal,


but on a bigger scale, this is not about a few cuts here or there. It


is about changing the way the Italian economy has operated for


decades and that is why there has been and will continue to be so


much resistance to reform. This was the reaction as the Government's


austerity package passed through the upper house of parliament last


week. All sorts of entrenched interests are trying to protect


their own turf. Some unions complain in particular that the


burden of change is falling disproportionately on the poor.


There is nothing in terms of growth or employment, nothing in terms of


a recovery. At the other end it is unequal because all the burden is


put on the shoulders of the workers, the pensioners, the young people.


But the past also tells a story. Romans had been around for long


enough to know that things cannot always stay the same. It is not


just external pressure for elsewhere in Europe which is


forcing that conclusion. Italians usually are able to address


problems and solve them at the last minute. We are now at the last


minute. Italy in a sense is too big to fail. Nobody me really help


Italy for a long time, except Italians. I think some Italians,


most Italians, have understood that. Nestling in the hills outside Rome,


in this village there are preparations for the annual


mushroom Festival. In a makeshift tent the cleaning and cooking has


begun. Country Life is a long way from political scandals and


parliamentary boats in the capital, but nowhere is entirely immune.


TRANSLATION: We are less affected than people in the City, but all


the news we hear is worrying. It makes us feel less serene about


life. Out in the woods the search for mushrooms goes on. There are


hidden treasures in the economy as well, but austerity will bite much


deeper before signs of recovery. There is a big challenge, the one


thing that Italy needs above all, to create growth.


For more on this I am joined by Charles Jenkins who is with the


Economist magazine Intelligence Unit. Is this an act of desperation


by Italy? I think it is pretty desperate. It is an act of


desperation. But China is probably genuine in being willing to


consider helping Italy. I would only go so far as that. It will


look carefully at what it is investing in. I would be surprised


if there was anything at all significant in Government bonds


until Italy has got a much more coherent programme and the


Government agree on such a programme. Is that the problem at


the moment as a big stumbling block to Italy? The Government does not


seem to agree on the austerity plan. The Prime Minister keeps changing


or else one of the coalition partners says no to pension reform,


or there is a revolt by MPs. This is at a time when there is a real


crisis. You expect that to galvanise any normal Government


into doing something really serious and put it aside their small


differences, but in this case they do not seem to be able to do so.


One must wonder whether it is really possible for this present


problems. It is the last chance saloon. Do you think the Chinese


might, for instance, maybe not go into the Government bonds, but


invest in Italian companies? Yes, they could invest in companies


which have been partly privatise. That would be a better bet from


their point of view, because these companies are viable and reasonably


well run. But there is opposition from within the coalition, from the


Northern League. It is a sign of how the present Government is


failing to work together. The key members of the Government, Silvio


Berlusconi, the finance minister and the leader of the North League


used to be able to put some kind of an act together, but they do not


seem to be able to do so at the moment will stop they would not be


the first European country to turn to China. Several others have,


including Greece. China has an interest in seeing the European


economy back on its feet. Yes, it has got an interest. It has got


huge investments overseas and it would like to diversify from the US


to some extent. Therefore, it would like the euro-zone economy to be a


reasonably viable place in which to but invest. Whether it will prove


to be remains to be seen. I think China, like everyone else, will


look carefully before its steps. cautious investor.


Ordinary Americans are also continuing to suffer in the


downturn. New figures out today from the Census Bureau revealed


that nearly one in six Americans are now living in poverty. Despite


the sluggish recovery, average household income as it fell last


year by more than 2%. We can now cross live to New York and Our


correspondent. A very interesting figure. They certainly are very


worrying. Perhaps not surprisingly... I am really sorry


about the terrible sound quality. Let's move for now to the Turkish


Prime Minister. He has renewed his attack on Israel, claiming that it


is the main barrier to peace in the Middle East. In a speech to the


Arab League, Tayyip Erdogan accused Israel of behaving like a spoilt


child. Turkey was until recently a close friend of Israel, but the


speech is another sign that Turkey is repositioning itself as a


leading power in the region. Egypt is the first step on his tour,


I apologise. We have been struck tonight. First losing New York and


now problems with that report. We will come back. Ballet dancers


backstage at the Paris Opera House, pulling up their stockings and


bending down to tie their shoes. That is what the French


Impressionist Edgar Degas painted. Not many people know his work was


influenced by new techniques in film and photography, which was


found shocking at the time. Edgar Degas was the master of


movement. You can almost feel the strain and aching limbs. The


movements are familiar to our former ballerina, Darcey Bussell.


But the dancers? Today, a dancer is very thin. Here, they have to be


soft. Their muscles were soft. They were not sinewy And strong looking.


If they came on the stage looking too thin, they would be booed off.


How did he do it? It is shown that in later life, with film and


photography, he could see what the eye could not see. Fleeting motions


were frozen. But it was something else in works such as this that


caused a stir. The life of a dancer in the 19th century was hard.


Polite society felt that this image of a dancer was... A sign of


depravity. She was not nourished. A girl from the gutter. She came to


the Paris Opera. A wealthy lover would ensure her lifestyle for the


rest of her career. So it captures beauty and the grim reality. A


lifetime of work -- freezing defeating world of dance. We can


return to the Turkish prime minister who has renewed an attack


on Israel. They are calling him a leader who


cannot be rivalled. He is not even an Arab. But the prime minister of


a country that once ruled Egypt. Until a decade ago, Turkey turned


its back on its Arab neighbours the stock to date it is rediscovering


the links to the old empire. This is a memorial for Ottoman troops


that died in Egypt. Mr Erdogan's popularity is about today's events.


He was given the honour of addressing the Arab League and he


made a tough attack on Israel and its international backers. As long


as the international community and United Nations tolerate Israel's


spoilt behaviour, they, too, of perpetrators of its crimes. That is


the kind of talk that has made him so admired here and elsewhere in


the region. His warning to Arab rulers not to ignore the will of


the people would have been uncomfortable listening for some


members. The Turkish government was among the first to back the protest


movement in Egypt and demand the resignation of its president. It


also supported the uprising in Libya after some initial hesitation.


It sent eight ships to evacuate the injured to Turkey for treatment.


And it has condemned the rulers in Syria after protests there. It has


offered sanctuary to Syrian refugees. He is seen as a leader


endorsing change, a novelty in the region. Turkey and its business


sector will be prime to profit once the dust from the Arab uprisings is


tackled. Libyan rebels fighting to overthrow


Colonel Gaddafi have been accused of unlawful killings and torture.


Amnesty International made the accusations after a report that


undertook three months of research. A family day out in central Tripoli.


In a heart of the former regime, the Gaddafi compound. Today, it is


a place where thousands of ordinary Libyans go to witness the enormity


of what their revolution has achieved. There are many ways the


revolution could go wrong now. The detention of men suspected of


fighting for Colonel Gaddafi is a concern. These prisoners are being


taken away to and one -- an uncertain fate. Amnesty says some


have been tortured and killed by rebel fighters. Despite the


challenges they have, it is important to prioritise the


situation in the detention centres. People are being beaten and it


happened also effectively in our presence. People are at risk of


abuse. There is no judicial process. It is important now that a central


authority takes care of all detention centres. In an important


step in establishing an authority, the leader of the interim


government last night gave his first speech. Free weeks after the


capital fell. He appealed for unity. He said there should be no revenge


and people should not take matters into their own hands, otherwise, he


said, the revolution could falter. 18 of British detectives has


arrived in Kenya to investigate the murder of the British Tourist David


Tebbutt and the kidnap of his wife. They have expressed fears for the


safety of Judith Tebbutt after she was taken away in a speedboat. It


happened in Kiwayu Safari Village, close to the Somali border.


As we approached the Safari Village by boat, men in suits were leaving


the crime scene. British authorities indicated investigators


would be sent. They checked into the cottages, very different from


the usual type of visitor. They are here to work rather than relax. The


room in which they were staying has been cordoned off. David Tebbit was


shot dead and his wife taken away by the gunmen in a speedboat. This


is what the Foreign Office has said about the kidnap. Officials believe


the attack was planned and Western tourists deliberately targeted. It


is suspected that an al-Qaeda link group may have done it. In these


isolated communities along the Kenyan coast, there is little that


goes unnoticed. That could help the investigators as they tried to


piece together what happened on Saturday night. A Kenyan man has


reportedly been arrested in connection with the attack. People


in the village next to the resort earlier said he had been forced at


gunpoint to leave the gang to the tourists. This man did not want to


be identified and said that to carry out the raid he knew


Whitney's local help. They would show them the way. -- you would


need local help. From where Judith Tebbutt worked, there was a


statement that she was a dedicated worker and hope that she will be


released soon. There is no word of a ransom demand. Reports suggest


that Judith Tebbutt is profoundly deaf. That will make her ordeal


more challenging. Now, for the first time. We hear


Jacqueline Kennedy in her own words. In 1964, the former First Lady


recorded a series of interviews with Arthur Shlessinger, the


historian and former aide to her husband. But only on condition that


they would not be released until 50 years after her death. Her daughter


Caroline decided to release them now. The interviews took place four


months after her husband was assassinated and focused on


Jacqueline Kennedy's most memorable experiences in the White House. We


report from Los Angeles. It is Jacqueline Kennedy in her own words.


An Oral History in recordings that have not been heard before Until


this exclusive. It is 1964, a recently widowed first lady


describes her years in the White House. She recalled begging her


husband to let her stay with him during the Cuban missile crisis.


Even if there was not room in the bomb shelter, I supplies, could I


be in a laundry bag. I want to be with you and die with you, and the


children do, too. She revealed her husband did not report -- support a


Lyndon Johnson presidency. She was fond of Lyndon Johnson. Daughter


Caroline compiled the recordings. can hear her voice in my mind. I


think it is important to realise the value as well as limitations of


this history. Once you start making changes, what do you do? It is not


my oral history. There are moments that show what life was like in the


White House with children. thought it was so funny for people


who used his bathroom. All along of the Bath were floating animals.


As a reminder of the main news. Taleban fighters carried out


attacks in the Afghan capital Kabul, including the district where


foreign embassies are located. Militants wearing suicide for tests


carried out assaults on police buildings, while others armed with


rocket-propelled grenades targeted the American embassy. At least four


policemen and two civilians were killed as well as six Taleban


fighters. The Turkish Prime Minister has


renewed his attack on Israel saying its government's mentality is the


main barrier to peace in the Middle East. In a speech in Cairo, he said


Israel behaved like a spoilt child whose irresponsible actions had


left it isolated. He said that Palestinian state had was not an


Hello. After a windy day we will finally see the winds easing


through the night and into tomorrow. It will be mainly dry tomorrow. It


is not a completely straightforward story. We have a weather front that


is heading south. It will bring rain through the night to northern


England. To the south, it should be dry. You can see this cloudy his


own. The rain will be with us across Lancashire and Yorkshire.


Under the cloud, temperatures up to 17 degrees. In the sunshine, up to


19 degrees. It will feel warmer than it house. South-west England


will be dry. In Wales, the best of the brightness, but in the North it


will be overcast. In Northern Ireland, it will have sunny spells


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