13/09/2011 World News Today


13/09/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang. A brazen attack in

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broad daylight. Taliban fighters attack the US embassy and NATO

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headquarters in Kabul. The Turkish Prime Minister tells Arab leaders

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that Israel is a barrier to peace in the Middle East and they must

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pay the price. Can shine they ease Italy's pain?

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As his borrowing costs hit a new high, Rome turns to Beijing for

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help. Thwarted and bitter? What did

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Jacqueline Kennedy really think of her husband's successor? American

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television is about to air never before heard tapes released by her

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daughter Caroline. She was fond of Lyndon Johnson and found him

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amusing and warm-hearted. Degas's obsession with ballet, an

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exhibition looks at how the French artist captured the movement of his

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:01:13.:01:18.

Hello and welcome. In the centre of Kabul under the noses of the

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Americans and nine hours ago and number of heavily armed Taliban

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fighters in suicide vests took over and unoccupied multi-storey

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building and started firing rockets at the US embassy and NATO

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headquarters. Staff inside are reported to be saved, but at least

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seven people have been killed outside. It is thought two fighters

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are still holed up in the building. Here is Quentin Somerville with the

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latest. We believe that one of the suicide

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bombers detonated his best on the 7th floor of the building and we

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believe that one or even more attackers are on the night the

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floor. It is nine hours since the attacks began, so you get an idea

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of the level of resistance these attackers have been put it up today

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despite the considerable effort of Afghan and international forces to

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dislodge them. Running for cover from a Taliban assault, this type

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in the heart of Kabul's embassy district. The wounded and the

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bleeding are helped to safety. The insurgents were heavily armed in

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one of the City's busiest streets. You can see the smoke from an

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explosion behind and there is gunfire all over the area. This is

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the US Embassy and ISAF headquarters. It seems like a

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significant attack. Gunfire broke out across the neighbourhood, we

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headed for cover. This is the aftermath of the rocket attack, a

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school bus riddled with shrapnel. The children were in cars and

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unharmed. The target was the US embassy. Guards took up positions

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on the roof. The police opened fire on the attackers in a building high

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above them. The gunfire was heavy and sustained. Helicopters were

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called in to fire on the Taliban. This Taliban attacks started with a

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suicide bomber at the Abdul Haq roundabout. It was followed by a

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series of explosions and gunfire heard in the neighbourhood, it is

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home to many embassies and aid agencies. At first it seemed I was

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six militants had got into one of the tallest buildings about 300

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metres from the US embassy. From there they targeted it and the ISAF

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headquarters. The Taliban fought on. Five hours later it is thought at

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least one fighter is still alive in the building. Afghan security

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forces needed foreign help. They reacted quickly, they brought their

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helicopters in, which is the first time the Afghan a store's security

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forces used their own helicopters for an operation like this. They

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responded very well. It seems as if the situation is winding down at

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the moment. The attack would likely have lasted longer without that

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assistance. ISAF says it has the Taliban on the back foot, but to

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people in Kabul Bhat assessment seems wildly optimistic. The focus

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of the attack was here, but the Taliban also sent a number of other

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attackers elsewhere in the city. One tried to make it inside the

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airport, but he was killed before he was able to do so.

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Let's take a look at some of the other news. In north-west Pakistan

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gunmen have ambushed a school bus on the outskirts of Peshawar,

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killing five children and their driver. They were travelling to a

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village from their school. 19 people were wounded. The attack

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happened near the volatile tribal belt where Taliban militants are

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active. At Taliban statement claimed responsibility.

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In Pakistan aid workers say that floods in Sindh province are the

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worst that they have seen, even worse than last year. More than 5

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million people have been affected. In the city of Karachi main roads

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are submerged, while schools and businesses are closed. More than

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8000 families -- 800,000 families are still homeless.

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Iran says it will release two American hikers it has been holding

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as spies since 2009. Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal were sentenced to

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eight years in jail last month. An Iranian judge has agreed to bail

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them for $500,000 each and once it has been paid, they will be free to

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lead. They said they stayed into Iran by accident.

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The British artist Richard Hamilton, often described as the father of

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Pop Art, has died aged 89. He produced his first collage is in

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the early 50s. Much of his work was political, including images of

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Northern Ireland and Tony Blair as a cowboy.

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Italy, which has one of the biggest debt problems in Europe, has turned

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to China for help. Italian officials have confirmed talks were

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held in Rome last week with representatives from China's

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sovereign well-thumbed. Italy is hoping Beijing will buy large

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quantities of Italian bonds and invest in its companies. The lower

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house of the Italian parliament is debating a package of austerity

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measures. Chris Morris reports from Rome.

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It takes a lot of bottle to save an economy and 10 million roll off the

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production line here every year. But the sovereign debt crisis is

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forcing Italy to face uncomfortable truths. While this family and

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distillery lives within its means, the country does not. Will the

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political class finally persuade Italians they mean business. They

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Government has to give them an example, they are the first to make

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sacrifices and the Italians will follow. You cannot ask people to

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make sacrifices when you keep your privileges. We have a very

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difficult moment, but I believe Italy can survive. Some things in

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Italy never seemed to change, but looks can be deceptive. The economy

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had been sluggish for years and the sweet life is already coming to an

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end. Just like in Greece or Portugal,

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but on a bigger scale, this is not about a few cuts here or there. It

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is about changing the way the Italian economy has operated for

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decades and that is why there has been and will continue to be so

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much resistance to reform. This was the reaction as the Government's

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austerity package passed through the upper house of parliament last

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week. All sorts of entrenched interests are trying to protect

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their own turf. Some unions complain in particular that the

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burden of change is falling disproportionately on the poor.

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There is nothing in terms of growth or employment, nothing in terms of

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a recovery. At the other end it is unequal because all the burden is

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put on the shoulders of the workers, the pensioners, the young people.

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But the past also tells a story. Romans had been around for long

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enough to know that things cannot always stay the same. It is not

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just external pressure for elsewhere in Europe which is

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forcing that conclusion. Italians usually are able to address

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problems and solve them at the last minute. We are now at the last

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minute. Italy in a sense is too big to fail. Nobody me really help

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Italy for a long time, except Italians. I think some Italians,

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most Italians, have understood that. Nestling in the hills outside Rome,

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in this village there are preparations for the annual

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mushroom Festival. In a makeshift tent the cleaning and cooking has

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begun. Country Life is a long way from political scandals and

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parliamentary boats in the capital, but nowhere is entirely immune.

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TRANSLATION: We are less affected than people in the City, but all

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the news we hear is worrying. It makes us feel less serene about

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life. Out in the woods the search for mushrooms goes on. There are

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hidden treasures in the economy as well, but austerity will bite much

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deeper before signs of recovery. There is a big challenge, the one

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thing that Italy needs above all, to create growth.

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For more on this I am joined by Charles Jenkins who is with the

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Economist magazine Intelligence Unit. Is this an act of desperation

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by Italy? I think it is pretty desperate. It is an act of

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desperation. But China is probably genuine in being willing to

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consider helping Italy. I would only go so far as that. It will

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look carefully at what it is investing in. I would be surprised

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if there was anything at all significant in Government bonds

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until Italy has got a much more coherent programme and the

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Government agree on such a programme. Is that the problem at

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the moment as a big stumbling block to Italy? The Government does not

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seem to agree on the austerity plan. The Prime Minister keeps changing

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or else one of the coalition partners says no to pension reform,

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or there is a revolt by MPs. This is at a time when there is a real

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crisis. You expect that to galvanise any normal Government

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into doing something really serious and put it aside their small

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differences, but in this case they do not seem to be able to do so.

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One must wonder whether it is really possible for this present

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problems. It is the last chance saloon. Do you think the Chinese

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might, for instance, maybe not go into the Government bonds, but

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invest in Italian companies? Yes, they could invest in companies

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which have been partly privatise. That would be a better bet from

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their point of view, because these companies are viable and reasonably

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well run. But there is opposition from within the coalition, from the

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Northern League. It is a sign of how the present Government is

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failing to work together. The key members of the Government, Silvio

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Berlusconi, the finance minister and the leader of the North League

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used to be able to put some kind of an act together, but they do not

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seem to be able to do so at the moment will stop they would not be

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the first European country to turn to China. Several others have,

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including Greece. China has an interest in seeing the European

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economy back on its feet. Yes, it has got an interest. It has got

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huge investments overseas and it would like to diversify from the US

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to some extent. Therefore, it would like the euro-zone economy to be a

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reasonably viable place in which to but invest. Whether it will prove

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to be remains to be seen. I think China, like everyone else, will

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look carefully before its steps. cautious investor.

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Ordinary Americans are also continuing to suffer in the

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downturn. New figures out today from the Census Bureau revealed

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that nearly one in six Americans are now living in poverty. Despite

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the sluggish recovery, average household income as it fell last

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year by more than 2%. We can now cross live to New York and Our

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correspondent. A very interesting figure. They certainly are very

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worrying. Perhaps not surprisingly... I am really sorry

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about the terrible sound quality. Let's move for now to the Turkish

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Prime Minister. He has renewed his attack on Israel, claiming that it

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is the main barrier to peace in the Middle East. In a speech to the

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Arab League, Tayyip Erdogan accused Israel of behaving like a spoilt

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child. Turkey was until recently a close friend of Israel, but the

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speech is another sign that Turkey is repositioning itself as a

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leading power in the region. Egypt is the first step on his tour,

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:14:38.:14:54.

I apologise. We have been struck tonight. First losing New York and

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now problems with that report. We will come back. Ballet dancers

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backstage at the Paris Opera House, pulling up their stockings and

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bending down to tie their shoes. That is what the French

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Impressionist Edgar Degas painted. Not many people know his work was

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influenced by new techniques in film and photography, which was

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:15:29.:15:32.

found shocking at the time. Edgar Degas was the master of

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movement. You can almost feel the strain and aching limbs. The

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movements are familiar to our former ballerina, Darcey Bussell.

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:15:54.:15:54.

But the dancers? Today, a dancer is very thin. Here, they have to be

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soft. Their muscles were soft. They were not sinewy And strong looking.

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If they came on the stage looking too thin, they would be booed off.

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How did he do it? It is shown that in later life, with film and

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photography, he could see what the eye could not see. Fleeting motions

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were frozen. But it was something else in works such as this that

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caused a stir. The life of a dancer in the 19th century was hard.

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Polite society felt that this image of a dancer was... A sign of

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depravity. She was not nourished. A girl from the gutter. She came to

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the Paris Opera. A wealthy lover would ensure her lifestyle for the

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rest of her career. So it captures beauty and the grim reality. A

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lifetime of work -- freezing defeating world of dance. We can

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return to the Turkish prime minister who has renewed an attack

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:17:19.:17:21.

on Israel. They are calling him a leader who

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cannot be rivalled. He is not even an Arab. But the prime minister of

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a country that once ruled Egypt. Until a decade ago, Turkey turned

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its back on its Arab neighbours the stock to date it is rediscovering

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the links to the old empire. This is a memorial for Ottoman troops

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that died in Egypt. Mr Erdogan's popularity is about today's events.

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He was given the honour of addressing the Arab League and he

:17:52.:18:02.
:18:02.:18:02.

made a tough attack on Israel and its international backers. As long

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as the international community and United Nations tolerate Israel's

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spoilt behaviour, they, too, of perpetrators of its crimes. That is

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the kind of talk that has made him so admired here and elsewhere in

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the region. His warning to Arab rulers not to ignore the will of

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the people would have been uncomfortable listening for some

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members. The Turkish government was among the first to back the protest

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movement in Egypt and demand the resignation of its president. It

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also supported the uprising in Libya after some initial hesitation.

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It sent eight ships to evacuate the injured to Turkey for treatment.

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And it has condemned the rulers in Syria after protests there. It has

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offered sanctuary to Syrian refugees. He is seen as a leader

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endorsing change, a novelty in the region. Turkey and its business

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sector will be prime to profit once the dust from the Arab uprisings is

:19:13.:19:19.

tackled. Libyan rebels fighting to overthrow

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Colonel Gaddafi have been accused of unlawful killings and torture.

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Amnesty International made the accusations after a report that

:19:31.:19:41.
:19:41.:19:42.

undertook three months of research. A family day out in central Tripoli.

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In a heart of the former regime, the Gaddafi compound. Today, it is

:19:48.:19:54.

a place where thousands of ordinary Libyans go to witness the enormity

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of what their revolution has achieved. There are many ways the

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revolution could go wrong now. The detention of men suspected of

:20:03.:20:08.

fighting for Colonel Gaddafi is a concern. These prisoners are being

:20:08.:20:14.

taken away to and one -- an uncertain fate. Amnesty says some

:20:14.:20:21.

have been tortured and killed by rebel fighters. Despite the

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challenges they have, it is important to prioritise the

:20:25.:20:30.

situation in the detention centres. People are being beaten and it

:20:30.:20:35.

happened also effectively in our presence. People are at risk of

:20:35.:20:43.

abuse. There is no judicial process. It is important now that a central

:20:43.:20:48.

authority takes care of all detention centres. In an important

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step in establishing an authority, the leader of the interim

:20:52.:20:57.

government last night gave his first speech. Free weeks after the

:20:57.:21:04.

capital fell. He appealed for unity. He said there should be no revenge

:21:04.:21:07.

and people should not take matters into their own hands, otherwise, he

:21:07.:21:15.

said, the revolution could falter. 18 of British detectives has

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arrived in Kenya to investigate the murder of the British Tourist David

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Tebbutt and the kidnap of his wife. They have expressed fears for the

:21:25.:21:31.

safety of Judith Tebbutt after she was taken away in a speedboat. It

:21:31.:21:36.

happened in Kiwayu Safari Village, close to the Somali border.

:21:36.:21:46.

As we approached the Safari Village by boat, men in suits were leaving

:21:46.:21:50.

the crime scene. British authorities indicated investigators

:21:50.:21:55.

would be sent. They checked into the cottages, very different from

:21:55.:22:00.

the usual type of visitor. They are here to work rather than relax. The

:22:00.:22:06.

room in which they were staying has been cordoned off. David Tebbit was

:22:06.:22:11.

shot dead and his wife taken away by the gunmen in a speedboat. This

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is what the Foreign Office has said about the kidnap. Officials believe

:22:16.:22:21.

the attack was planned and Western tourists deliberately targeted. It

:22:21.:22:28.

is suspected that an al-Qaeda link group may have done it. In these

:22:28.:22:31.

isolated communities along the Kenyan coast, there is little that

:22:31.:22:36.

goes unnoticed. That could help the investigators as they tried to

:22:36.:22:42.

piece together what happened on Saturday night. A Kenyan man has

:22:42.:22:46.

reportedly been arrested in connection with the attack. People

:22:46.:22:49.

in the village next to the resort earlier said he had been forced at

:22:50.:22:58.

gunpoint to leave the gang to the tourists. This man did not want to

:22:58.:23:01.

be identified and said that to carry out the raid he knew

:23:01.:23:10.

Whitney's local help. They would show them the way. -- you would

:23:10.:23:16.

need local help. From where Judith Tebbutt worked, there was a

:23:16.:23:20.

statement that she was a dedicated worker and hope that she will be

:23:20.:23:25.

released soon. There is no word of a ransom demand. Reports suggest

:23:25.:23:30.

that Judith Tebbutt is profoundly deaf. That will make her ordeal

:23:30.:23:37.

more challenging. Now, for the first time. We hear

:23:37.:23:40.

Jacqueline Kennedy in her own words. In 1964, the former First Lady

:23:41.:23:43.

recorded a series of interviews with Arthur Shlessinger, the

:23:43.:23:46.

historian and former aide to her husband. But only on condition that

:23:46.:23:49.

they would not be released until 50 years after her death. Her daughter

:23:49.:23:53.

Caroline decided to release them now. The interviews took place four

:23:53.:23:56.

months after her husband was assassinated and focused on

:23:56.:24:04.

Jacqueline Kennedy's most memorable experiences in the White House. We

:24:04.:24:14.
:24:14.:24:15.

report from Los Angeles. It is Jacqueline Kennedy in her own words.

:24:15.:24:20.

An Oral History in recordings that have not been heard before Until

:24:20.:24:25.

this exclusive. It is 1964, a recently widowed first lady

:24:25.:24:29.

describes her years in the White House. She recalled begging her

:24:29.:24:36.

husband to let her stay with him during the Cuban missile crisis.

:24:36.:24:41.

Even if there was not room in the bomb shelter, I supplies, could I

:24:41.:24:47.

be in a laundry bag. I want to be with you and die with you, and the

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children do, too. She revealed her husband did not report -- support a

:24:55.:25:02.

Lyndon Johnson presidency. She was fond of Lyndon Johnson. Daughter

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Caroline compiled the recordings. can hear her voice in my mind. I

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think it is important to realise the value as well as limitations of

:25:16.:25:25.

this history. Once you start making changes, what do you do? It is not

:25:25.:25:29.

my oral history. There are moments that show what life was like in the

:25:29.:25:35.

White House with children. thought it was so funny for people

:25:35.:25:45.
:25:45.:25:48.

who used his bathroom. All along of the Bath were floating animals.

:25:48.:25:53.

As a reminder of the main news. Taleban fighters carried out

:25:53.:25:58.

attacks in the Afghan capital Kabul, including the district where

:25:58.:26:03.

foreign embassies are located. Militants wearing suicide for tests

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carried out assaults on police buildings, while others armed with

:26:07.:26:12.

rocket-propelled grenades targeted the American embassy. At least four

:26:13.:26:15.

policemen and two civilians were killed as well as six Taleban

:26:15.:26:19.

fighters. The Turkish Prime Minister has

:26:19.:26:24.

renewed his attack on Israel saying its government's mentality is the

:26:24.:26:30.

main barrier to peace in the Middle East. In a speech in Cairo, he said

:26:30.:26:35.

Israel behaved like a spoilt child whose irresponsible actions had

:26:35.:26:40.

left it isolated. He said that Palestinian state had was not an

:26:40.:26:50.
:26:50.:27:05.

Hello. After a windy day we will finally see the winds easing

:27:05.:27:12.

through the night and into tomorrow. It will be mainly dry tomorrow. It

:27:12.:27:18.

is not a completely straightforward story. We have a weather front that

:27:18.:27:22.

is heading south. It will bring rain through the night to northern

:27:22.:27:28.

England. To the south, it should be dry. You can see this cloudy his

:27:29.:27:35.

own. The rain will be with us across Lancashire and Yorkshire.

:27:35.:27:42.

Under the cloud, temperatures up to 17 degrees. In the sunshine, up to

:27:42.:27:48.

19 degrees. It will feel warmer than it house. South-west England

:27:48.:27:55.

will be dry. In Wales, the best of the brightness, but in the North it

:27:55.:28:01.

will be overcast. In Northern Ireland, it will have sunny spells

:28:01.:28:10.

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