14/09/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. Can France and Germany save Greece?


Angela Merkel and President Sarkozy debate their options as the


President of the European Commission calls it the biggest


challenge facing Europe in a generation. This is a fight for the


jobs and prosperity of families in all our member states. It's a fight


for economic and good future of Europe. I angry scenes outside the


Italian parliament, as MPs at vote on the country's plans to tackle


its huge debts. The attack is over but the questions remain - how did


six Taliban militants manage to hold Kabul hostage for 20 hours? A


new strain of tuberculosis has the WHO worried. It is drug-resistant


and on the rise in Europe. Life in a nuclear ghost town, six months


after Japan's earthquake and tsunami. The radiation levels are


still too high around Fukushima. And a disco diplomacy. Why is a


sketch mocking the President's dancing censored from a Russian TV


Welcome to the programme. An emergency telephone conference call


between German, French and cricketers is taking place. It was


called because of the turmoil on the financial markets, a turmoil


triggered by the belief that Greece will default on its debts and


inflict lasting damage on the European banks, not to mention the


single currency there is huge pressure on Europe to find a


lasting solution to the debt crisis. President Sarkozy of France and


Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany moved today to try and fix the


crisis of Greece and its debt. They are holding a conference call with


the Greek Prime Minister, seeking guarantees that in exchange for


further aid to Greece would live by its commitments and slash its


deficit. The fear that Greece is heading for bankruptcy has Savage


markets and the banking sector. Two French banks saw their ratings


downgraded to date, on concerns they were heavily exposed to Greek


debt. There was stark warnings that the European Parliament today, that


Europe could be destroyed by the eurozone crisis. The mood was


distinctly gloomy. One minister declared to Europe was in danger.


Another said the European Union itself could not survive a break-up


of the eurozone. We are confronted with the most serious challenge of


a generation. It's a fight for what Europe represents in the world.


This is a fight for European integration itself. President


Barroso said the onset of the crisis was more Europe, more


integration. But there were doubts expressed that Greece could be


saved. Increasingly there are doubts whether Greece can escape


bankruptcy in the long term. A German minister said today it would


not be the end of the world if Greece was eventually forced out of


the eurozone. And the Dutch government has begun exploring the


cost to its banks if Greece defaults and runs out of money. So


holt -- some will hold Greek government debt? The Greek banks


are holding 49 billion euros. Germany's banks hold 10 billion


euros. France is next with an exposure of 9 billion euros. The


risk to British banks is much smaller - 2.2 billion euros.


Germany does not bail Greece out, we need a back-up plan for when it


goes horribly wrong. I don't get a sense at all we have any back-up


plan, which means of a default happens it will be very messy.


President Sarkozy and Chancellor Merkel reaffirmed today that they


are still determined to save Greece if they can. Italy is under


pressure as well because of its debts. After weeks of delay, the


Italian parliament is voting on austerity measures put forward by


the government. The plan aims to reduce Italy's deficit by more than


$70 billion over three years. We can cross live to roam and join our


correspondent. How is this going, I understand there were quite angry


scenes outside the parliament? About an hour ago there were


several hundred protesters demonstrating outside the


parliament building. There were some clashes with the police. No


injuries reported so far, but the police gradually pushed the


demonstrators back towards the pantheon, a square near by. Now I


understand the demonstrators are making their way towards the


Coliseum. There were similar scenes when the Italian upper house of


parliament voted the austerity package last week. I think it was


predictable there would be this sort of protest. What's happening


inside, are they going to pass it? Yes. It's a foregone conclusion. Mr


parliament a few minutes ago. The vote was due to take place shortly.


There was a confidence vote earlier in the day which the government won


quite easily. I think the national feeling is that parties have got to


pull together for the austerity package, even though it's a very


bitter pill to swallow. What we have to find out now is whether the


Italian government is actually able to implement these measures are,


the increase in VAT, that's fairly easy to administer. But there's


been a lot of aggravation over proposals to cut pensions and


various other economy methods. But the situation in Italy is extremely


serious. The debt mountain that the government has, according to the


National Institute of Statistics today, has reached unprecedented


levels. 1.9 trillion Euros. This is going to be a lot of money to have


to pay back. The Italians obviously can't do this in the short-term,


but the long-term position is perhaps almost as serious as that


of Greece. Nobody knows yet. There's a lot of detail to come out.


As I said before, the detail also in the implementation of this match


changed austerity package which has been to-ing and fro-ing for weeks


now. But finally it appears it's going to get past. Still staying


with that euro debt crisis, I'm joined from the European Parliament


in Strasbourg by the Conservative MEP Daniel Hannon. Addressing the


European Parliament today was the President, Barroso, of the European


Commission. He said the only way out of this crisis is more


integration in Europe. Presumably that's a sentiment you would


disagree with. It's more of the medicine that sickened the patient


in the first place. The problem was too much European integration


jamming these disparate countries into the same monetary policy. Now


he's saying that what we need is even more, fiscal and economic


union as well. The problem is too much debt and we've loaded more


debt on to them, pressing on to countries that could and pay their


existing liabilities. What is your solution? We should recognise that


we are in business because we were trying to jam countries together


that didn't have compatible economies. There are three possible


outcomes. You can have an orderly unbundling of the euro. You can


have a disorderly collapse of the euro or you can try and carry on as,


at present, and option three is the most painful of those, none of them


is attractive, but option three is the one they are going for. What is


an orderly end of the euro, how would you do that? Every would have


Germany and its satellite economies reading and establishing a new hard


currency among themselves, that would be the neatest way of doing


it. You would bequeath the legal carcass of the euro to the


Mediterranean countries. Or you could do it the other way round.


Pulling out by Greece and some of the other peripheral countries.


you would let Greece default? Everyone can see that Greece is


going to default except the people that were talking in the European


Parliament. If Greece defaults, won't you see it -- a run on


European banks, once you have a Lehman Brothers crisis? All of the


options are bad, but nothing can be done to prevent default. The issue


was whether you get it out of the way now or whether you defer it and


make it more painful when it eventually happens, because the


debt by then will be even larger. You don't help and indebted country


by forcing more loans on it, that is what the EU has been doing.


say all the options are bad but many economists will say your


solution will make things worse in Europe, because what you will have


as a Lehman Brothers situation which will spread to all the other


countries - Spain, Italy, Ireland, Portugal - who are under pressure,


and we will see a huge and very deep European recession. This is


what Angela Merkel is warning against. Usain -- you seem to say


otherwise. It's an inevitable event. There's going to be a correction of


some bad investment decisions that were made over the last 10 years.


Banks, like individuals, made some wrong course. There is no way we


can get out of the correction when it comes. If you try to postpone


that, the reckoning will be heavier when it comes. It cannot be right


yet again to come and ask taxpayers to rescue some very wealthy


individuals from the consequences of their own errors. We've already


seen that that policy has failed. To Afghanistan, where details have


been emerging about Tuesday's brazen attack in the diplomatic


quarter of Kabul. A small group of militants paralysed the Afghan


capital for 20 hours, raining down gunfire and rockets on the US


embassy and the ISA at headquarters. It's understood that the militants


hit a stockpile of weapons in an unoccupied building and then went


into which dressed as women. Afghan soldiers celebrate. The City of


Kabul breeds a sigh of relief. After 20 Abbas, the last suicide


attacker is dead. -- after 20 hours. 6 had made it into this building,


bloodied and under fire. Just two suicide attackers held off Afghan


and international forces while terrorising the city below. The


insurgents quickly made it into the building and came to the highest


floors. When they got here, this is what they could see. Over there is


the American embassy. Right beside it is the NATO headquarters. They


couldn't have picked a better firing position. But it was here on


the streets where most of the damage was done. People ran for


cover, hiding in their homes. Explosions and gunfire could be


heard all day and all night long. At the international mission,


troops moved to return fire. This was the longest running attack in


Kabul since the fall of the Taliban. At ISAF, they knew this attack was


coming but they couldn't stop it. We have known about these threats


that have been going after these networks is dramatically throughout


the month of Ramadan and Eid. We knew that the enemy intended to


attack the population and Kabul during that period of time.


they still managed to get in. They only have to be right ones. We


have to be right every single time. For now, Afghan and foreign troops


are plentiful, but still the Taliban were able to bring urban


warfare to the heart of Kabul. As foreign troops begin to leave,


protecting the people here will become even harder. Let's take a


look at some of the day's other news. Severe flooding has led to


huge swathes of southern Pakistan and a water. More than 200 people


have died and over 1 million homes have been destroyed. Sindh province


is amongst the worst affected areas. The floods are a result of 10 days


of torrential rain. They prompted Oxfam to launch an emergency appeal.


Federal investigators in the United States have blamed last year's oil


spill in the Gulf of Mexico on the failure of a critical cement


barrier which led to an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig.


11 people died. Reports say poor management by BP and other


countries was also to blame. The judiciary in Iran has issued a


statement denying that two Americans held as spies since 2009


are about to be released. Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal were


sentenced to eight years in jail last month. On Tuesday, President


Ahmadinejad said they would be released within days. Libya's


interim leader has told the BBC that he believes that Colonel


Gaddafi is still in the country. He made the comments in the past few


hours during an interview with the BBC. He was asked Mustafa Abdul


Jalil if he knew where Gaddafi was. I don't know exactly where he is


but the fact we know he is in the south side. With that much money


and that much gold with him, it is not just dangerous for Libya but


Libya and all of the Arabs. He is planning to do some revenge attacks


which will harm a lot of people in the area. Have you made any


progress at all in catching him? All the troops have run away down,


they are down south. The fact that the rebels have not been yet able


to cross, but there will be a lot of fierce fighting in this area to


the south side, with a lot of equipment that we yet do not have.


But we ask a support to get the right equipment in order to conquer


these troops and to proceed further south to try and capture Colonel


Gaddafi and his family. You say that he is planning to carry out


attacks. What kind of attacks are TRANSLATION: He is in possession of


a lot of money and all of the gold. The main problem is, he will be


planning for attacks in many places. Attacks on either cities, oilfields


or power plants around Libya and in other places might be on his manner.


You have Colonel Gaddafi and his sons on the run, but you have four


town's remaining in the hands of loyalists. Why is it taking you so


long to capture those towns? TRANSLATION: Colonel Gaddafi's


troops who ran out of Tripoli have situated themselves in Sirte and


Sabha. They are trying to overcome the revolution.


The interim leader of Libya. Europe used to regard tuberculosis


as a disease of the past, but not any more. The World Health


Organisation says a new drug- resistant strain has affected more


than 80,000 Europeans. It is most acute in Eastern Europe,


particularly Russia, the Ukraine and Moldova. Treating it is a long,


unpleasant and costly process but has long been at the forefront of


medical campaigns. A big ceremony in St George's


Square opens Glasgow's five-week campaign. The 1950s the UK ruled


out a programme to stamp out tuberculosis. Mobile X-ray units


went around deprived areas of Glasgow encouraging people to get


tested. Banalities back, and with it and you generation of mobile


testing units. This is tuberculosis under the microscope. The WHO says


it has been evolving and some strains of it like MDR-TB have


become resistant to standard antibiotic treatment.


The spread of MDR-TB as well as the spread of tuberculosis is done


through the air and by people who are sick and not on treatment and


not diagnosed, so they continue to spread it. In terms of speed, what


I can tell you is a one person who is sick can infect another 10 in


the year. The WHO as warned Europe against complacency, Eastern Europe


has the highest level of infection and almost 12% of newly diagnosed


patients had this drug-resistant form. But it is London with its


high levels of immigration that has the highest rate than any capital


city with over 3,000 UK's is diagnosed every year. They are


fighting it and on such a scale, hopes of victory are high.


Britain did come close to eradicating it in the 50s, but in


the globalised world, this constantly revolving bacteria knows


no frontiers. Joining me is a doctor from the


World Health Organisation at its annual meeting in Azerbaijan. Why


are we seeing this rise in Europe at the moment?


Good evening. Tuberculosis has always been there, but indeed we


have been seen, for the last decade a rise in tuberculosis, and even


more worrying, multi- drug- resistant tuberculosis. It is a


form of the disease which cannot be cured with the drugs available. We


have to use different drugs which are much more expensive, much more


toxic for the patient with more side-effects and takes much longer


to treat. There are a number of reasons, one of those being that or


we have failing health systems. It in means we do not succeed to


diagnose these patients early enough. And one of the things that


we are recommending is to involve the patients themselves and civil


society. I know the WHO plan is, you get a more people tested. But


if this disease is now drug- resistant, if you test them and


they are positive, what can you do? This is indeed a challenge. The


good news, we now have rapid diagnostic tools. We can diagnose


the multi- drug-resistant strain very quick. One of the big


challenges is to develop new drugs and all so new vaccines. Meanwhile,


we have to create circumstances for the patience to get through the two


years of difficult treatment. It is not easy for patient to be treated


with these drugs for two years. other words, there is a treatment


for this drug-resistant strain, but it is difficult and you have to


target the right patient? Absolutely, absolutely. The plan


has been put together based on the new evidence of research and very


importantly, with the patients. Nothing for the patients without


the patient. It is about saving lives, we are saving 120,000 people


on the plan by 2015. It will cost $5 million. The message is, come


forward and be tested. Six months ago, emergency workers


in Japan were launching their desperate fight to control the


nuclear power station at Fukushima. Three of the reactors were


overheating and a vast cloud of radioactivity escaped following the


earthquake and tsunami. More than 100,000 people what ordered to


leave their homes. A science correspondent is one of the few


journalists who has ventured back into the deserted town of Tomioka.


The nuclear ghost town of Tomioka. We have arrived in the long street


of shops and there is no one here. We are a few miles inside the


exclusion zone, a radioactive cloud blew over here six months ago, but


experts have assured us radiation levels have fallen. A local farmer,


Naoto Matsumura has slipped us past security. This is the main sleep?


It is completely empty. He wants us to see how his community has


suffered. We find it was hit by the earthquake and the tsunami of them


by the leak from the power station. This used to be a town of 16,000,


this is the main street but it is completely deserted. Motorbikes


abandon, shops completely empty, no traffic at all. Weeds growing up in


this for court. A shock wrecked in the earthquake, still six months on


completely untouched. All the time we have been here, the radiation


level has been surprisingly low. The problem is this, if you get


down to ground level, it shoots right up. No problem for us and a


quick visit, but what scientists are wrestling with is how dangerous


this contamination is and will continue to be in the long term. It


was in March that explosions at the nuclear power plant are released


radioactive material. The leaks contaminated some areas more


severely than others, but everyone within 12 miles of this devastation


was ordered out. Naoto Matsumura decided to stay. He does not bother


with protective clothing. In the ruins of his farm, spiders have


taken over. There were just stretch over everything, but he clears a


path. He wants to show us something. This is a distressing sight. This


is the cattle shed, the owners left in such a hurry they were not able


to release the animals. These are two that have died. And each of


these pens there are two more making a total of 60. Some animals


broke free and are roaming wild. Naoto Matsumura tries to care for a


new generation born in the nuclear zone. He wants to keep his


community going. TRANSLATION: There are no subsidies,


no electricity, gas or hot water. But if the people still want to


come back, even my mother and father their wishes to die here.


After three hours, we checked our radiation dose, it is roughly half


what you get from a chest X-ray. Canal, he refuses to think about


radiation. He is determined to stay on. But he lives by candlelight,


most of his food is tinned. Adopt is his only companion. He wants his


town to return to normal. It will be a long wait.


A TV comedy sketch making fun of President Dmitry Medvedev has made


headlines in Russia by never making it to her. This kit, which mocked


his dancing abilities featured in the most popular satirical game


show but was edited out. It is Russian rock and roll, or


strictly come Kremlin her! The man in blue is Dmitri Medvedev, on the


dancefloor at a college reunion. This mobile phone footage has been


viewed by millions. And now everyone seems to be copying his


every move. By dancing like this, Dancing Dmitry these comedians to


prise him Russian TV's top comedy competitions. But when the pre-


recorded programme was broadcast, it had been edited out and they are


not amused. We rehearsed, and then it was


nothing. I was surprised. Kremlin is keen to point out that


the President does have a sense of humour. His aides say they have no


idea whether Dancing Dmitry sketch was cut and there has been no


official explanation from Russian television. But media analysts say


it is censorship by TV bosses keen to avoid upsetting the leaders of


Russia. There are no straight rules of what you can show, what can go


out and what cannot. What works is self-censorship on every level. On


every executive level way you make decisions. Judging by some of the


things the Russian leadership get up to in the line of duty, who


needs comedy shows to make Russians chuckle.


A reminder of the top story? The Greek Prime Minister has held


urgent talks with the French and German leaders about Greece


defaulting. They told increase must implement all reforms and he said


"yes we will". That's all from us for the moment, next we have the


Tonight underneath clearing skies, it is going to turn quite chilly


with mist and fog forming. That leads to a dry day with spells of


sunshine. And things will warm up in the afternoon. We are losing the


weather fronts but we will have cloud in a few places. High


pressure developing throughout the day on Thursday. Any mist and fog


at first in the morning should clear. It should take a bit of time


through south-west England. In the afternoon, good spells of sunshine


across northern England. Like to winds. Some cloud floating around,


but I won't be surprised if some were through southern England we


did manage to get into the low 20s. Across Wales, it is dry and fine,


sung cloud clinging to the Cardigan Bay area. No further inland and


things are bright. In Northern Ireland, the afternoon will bring


thicker cloud, maybe one a two spots of rain towards the West. The


same for western Scotland, but over or it will be fine and dry. Like to


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