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This is BBC World New Today. It isn't one-02 European sports fans
after a British landlady wins the right to show for, just from
foreign broadcasters. Could this mark the end of national
broadcasting rights? They have no legal right to do so. Homeward
bound: Amanda Knox flies out of Italy after being acquitted of the
murder of a British student. I report on rising unemployment in
Spain. Almost 50% of young people are now at of work.
Why Ecuador has given the world a three-month deadline to save the
last great wilderness from oil exploration.
And celebrating the work of the French composer Pierre Boulez - and
It was a David and Goliath struggle, a pub lady from what's this --
Portsmouth, versus the financial might of English Premier League
football. Today Karen Murphy won the last round in her six year
legal battle to screen Premier League matches beamed into Britain
from a Greek broadcaster, rather than the authorised provider Sky at
a considerably lower cost. This case could prove to have far-
reaching implications for broadcasting rights across Europe.
His report contains flash photography.
There are the poster boys who have made the Premier League the images
in the world but could the competitions lucrative tilt --
television deals now be under threat? Unlikely as it may seem, it
is all because of this pub in Portsmouth. It is fantastic. Five
years ago, Karen Murphy potty decoder to access a cheaper great
broadcaster. She was fine budgeted to cost of the European Court. What
of the ruling say? When buying matches from abroad, national
legislation which am proud -- prohibits the import, sell our use
of foreign recorded cars cannot be justified it. It added: They think
they are above the lob and dictate a wider. I should be able to go out
and buy and choose to buy from where I like. I should they dictate
where I buy from? That is not right. So what does it mean for the
Premier League television deals. Today's ruling is likely to force
the Premier League to review the way it sells its television rights.
The judgement is far from clear-cut. The League is confident it can
avoid a major drop in its TV income. The League said the judgement was
complicated, adding it needed time to consider its implications.
Industry experts agreed the ruling will not lead to a financial
disaster for our financial -- English football. It is no more
than a minor inconvenience for the next two years. At the end of this
current broadcast deal, the Premier League will be able to structure
their rights so this does not have the financial impact on them at all.
But what does it all mean for the fans? In the short-term, it should
give supporters more choice over how they watch football on TV. The
bigger worry for advances out the lead sells its rights in the future
and how clubs spend their money. The problem has been that the huge
wealth that the football industry has got out of its media rights
often has not been used to the benefit of those fans who are going
to the Games. The final decision on Karen Murphy's is now rests with
the higher courts. The implications for the league and sports
broadcasting could be felt for years to come.
Today's ruling could have profound implications. A broader market does
not mean a cheaper market as it might become dominated by a few
media giants from Europe's most populous companies. Premier League
and other highly coveted leaks could push their a pan-European
package at higher rates. Parting fans in smaller markets. They could
also force a drastic revision in how films and television programmes
are distributed. Joining me to discuss that is a sports lawyer
with the London firm. A lot of IFS and buts in this ruling. What do
you think this verdict will mean? Absolutely. A difficult question.
For the Premier League, I agree with a lot of the points made in
the videotape before. It is such a big beast and it has got so much
value. They will be OK. The more important question is what does it
mean for other rights holders, protect a lead those in the music
and film industries who might find themselves in his -- significantly
affected financially., in what way? This ruling calls into question the
way in which they have sold the rights by a territory basis. In the
future, unless they can run a Copyright or IP protection, they
will have to find alternative models. Those models could be less
favourable. Is it good news for football fans? And -- could they go
out and buy a cheaper foreign decoder and watch matches?
Potentially, yes. There is another part of the judgement that says the
Premier League does have some protective will interest as regards
broadcasting in pubs. Therefore that opens the avenue to them to
prosecute any pubs that try to show matches in the way Mrs Murphy did
so in this case. In require -- it in respects a private consumers,
they could buy these cards. If they do decide to do so, we will have to
wait to see. We still have to wait for the UK court to reach its final
verdict by which it in turn is the ruling from Europe. As and when it
does so, potentially things will become clearer. The British Europe
-- ichor usually agrees with the European High Court was Mark has to
on the principles on it has to do with the facts of the case. I
remain confused. Thank you. Let's take you look at that some of
the other news. In Somalia, 70 people have been reported to have
been killed in a bombing in the capital. The blast happened at the
gate of a compound housing Government buildings. The city's
ambulance service said more than 30 people were wounded filled it --..
The Dalai Lama has cancelled a trip to South Africa after the
authorities failed to grant him a visa in time. He had been invited
to the 80th birthday celebrations of arch bishop Desmond to do.
This year's Nobel Prize for Physics has been won by three scientists.
It was for the Study of super novas. They have discovered that the
universe is growing at an ever expanding rate.
France has warned the Syrian Government against trying to
intimidate opposition activists protesting against President Assad.
This follows reports that a group of activists have been filmed
inciting and attacked by Syrian agents as they were protesting in
the French capital. Inside Syria, protests have continued despite the
Government crackdown. The Human Rights organisation Amnesty
International has accused them of intimidating families. Us Indian
defector called for a united opposition front against President
President Bashir all the sad --... They can unify and topple the
regime. I asked the Syrian people to remain strong. The regime will
follow soon. Syrian activists have mobilised outside the country. I am
joined by a member of the Syrian National Council. Tell us what this
council is. Is it like the Libyan transitional council we have so
much back? For so long, the Syrian opposition and the grassroots
movement have been trying to come up with represented political
leadership for the uprising in the country. This council represents
the Syrian people, of all backgrounds and all religious
groups and all political affiliations. And up also across
all agenda does and agencies. 60% of the Council are members inside
the country. About more than half of it represents the grassroots
movement, the young activists demonstrating across the country.
You have seen the support of the Syrian National Council by banners
and chanting. The purpose of the Syrian National Council is to unify
the opposition in one entity, one decision-making body. Until now,
there have been claims that the Syrian opposition is very religious.
You say that you encompass all that, that is the worry. One hears that
Syria is going to volunteer civil war. What is your response to that?
It is absolute propaganda and a smear campaign. This is one of the
mechanisms used to it scare the world that there were up -- the
country will slide into civil war. The population as diverse, Syrian
society is rich with different political, ethnic and religious
backgrounds. But they all share the same agenda and the same goal and
objective which is reaching a democratic sinful state where
everyone is equal before the law. - - Democratic civil state. We have a
unified outlook and we will have a different representatives in
different countries. Briefly, does that make you a Government in
waiting if you have envoys in different countries? I would rather
put it as a unified opposition from that represents the uprising in
Syria politically and able to take strategic decisions on how they
should move forward. Whether this is a Government in exile are not
that is to be determined. It is all part of a discussion after their
sad regime as out. It is not fair to think about it at this time. The
National Council is 230 seats. It consists of everyone inside the
country. It is now in a position... You have made a point. Thank you
very much. European banks shares took another
tumble today as EU finance Ministers put off making a decision.
As the debt crisis deepens, one of the major concerns is the
spiralling rate of youth unemployment. Spain has the highest
jobless total in Europe, with just under 50% of young people out of
work. It is the young who could help lead
Spain out of its crisis but this morning they were in the JobCentre.
It is very worrying sh, she told us. This is Europe's 5th lost -- fifth-
largest economy and it is running on empty. Spanish Jobcentres have
been bustling ever since this crisis began and it is not just a
problem for the individuals and the state as a whole. Spain has hurried
to shell out large amounts of money and unemployment benefit and there
are the increasing fears with youth unemployment so high, of a growing
lost generation. And you find it at Madrid's largest university. How
many of you are confident that when you leave university, you will be
able to get a job? Put up your hands if you are confident. Any
job? Just anything at all. About four or five people out of 28. How
many of you think you will have to leave Spain to get a job to live
the lives you want to live? There go most of the hands.
Meet the latest recruit to the brain drain of Spain. An economics
graduate, she worries about her country. It is our fault because I
do not think universities are preparing people and I do not think
the students are taking all the opportunities that they have.
Spain needs to change? Yes. Spain's caught up in the debt crisis
hitting Europe. The Government insists things will improve but
many fear without the young, it will take longer. For the country
to lose these group of people who could raise the productivity of
Spain, it is a tragedy. In the university canteen, many feel that.
Across Europe, youth unemployment is rising. And just like the
Amanda Knox is flying home to Seattle after a court in Italy
overturned her conviction for the murder of her flatmate Meredith
Kercher. Miss Knox and her Italian former boyfriend spent nearly four
years in jail for the murder of Ms Kercher. Both women were students
in Perugia. Miss Kercher's family are still seeking answers as to who
killed her. This was the moment when Amanda
mark -- Amanda Knox left Italy after almost four years in prison.
Last night she was cleared of murder. Grinning broadly she now
knew she was going home to Seattle. But the family of Meredith Kercher,
the British didn't find with her throat cut, said they felt they
were back to square one on who killed her. Today a tiny bouquet
was tied to the railings of a house in Perugia way she died.
What happened to my daughter of Meredith was every parent's
nightmare. Terrible. Basically, she was in the safest place, her
bedroom. Meredith's sister was asked if the
family was prepared to forgive. Until the truth comes out, we
cannot forgive anyone because no one has even admitted to it. So
until that happens we still have to wait and see what happens.
One person, Rudy Guede, remains in prison for the murder. But Italy's
highest court says he killed her with other people, and if that was
not Amanda Knox and her former boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito, then
who was it? That prosecutors in the case say
they plan to appeal against yesterday's decision, and they are
preparing to take it to Italy's highest court, the Court of
Cassation. When Amanda Knox was cleared last night, it was a moment
of extreme emotions. She was led sobbing from the court. Her former
boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito was also freed, to return home to
southern Italy. Amanda Knox was driven out of
prison late last night into a world of exclusive interviews and booked
the -- book deals. She got VIP treatment as she changed planes at
Heathrow. She has become a celebrity in America, and can
expect to become rich from her ordeal.
Ecuador's share of the Amazon rain forest is one of the most bio-
diverse areas on the planet, home to a staggering number of plant and
animal species and two of the world's last on counteracted tribes.
Five years ago a new oilfield was discovered deep inside the
rainforest. But instead of just extracting the oil and destroying
this wilderness, the Government of Ecuador has given the world a
choice - in exchange for international corporation, Ecuador
will keep the drillers out. But the money is no way to be seen and a
deadline is fast approaching. On the eastern edge of Ecuador, the
National Park is said to be one of the most biologically diverse
locations in the world. There is more plants and bushes in a single
hectare here than in all of North America. It is also home to a
number of indigenous tribes that have voluntarily stayed in
isolation. But this Amazonian treasure-trove also sits on top of
another valuable resource - 1 billion barrels of oil, which
amounts to around one 5th of all oil the reserves in Ecuador. This
has the potential to be worth between seven and $10 billion,
money needed by a country still steeped in poverty.
All has helped Ecuador take its first step forwards, but also
brought environmental degradation to that oil-producing regions. Many
in Ecuador fear this could be a preview of what lies in store for
the National Park. Faced with a dilemma between exploitation and
the conservation, the Government proposed a solution - if the world
would stump up half of the oil's value, Ecuador would leave it in
the ground and the area untouched. The Government said an initial
payment of $100 million be paid by the end of this year, but this so-
called green oil deal is in trouble. Just over half has been raised and
several large countries including the UK and Germany are not willing
to support the plan. The Ecuadorian is are hoping next summer's 20th
anniversary of the landmark Rio summit will prick the conscience of
reluctant governments and breathe new life into the project.
To discuss that I am joined by the executive co-ordinator of the
United Nations Trust which is raising money for the project.
How are you doing so far? Have you had much success? We had a very
important meeting on 23rd September during the General Assembly whether
secretary-general of the UN co- hosted a meeting for a number of
countries, and I think at that meeting a lot of countries did
express support. We have raised about 53 million, we are on the way
into our hundred million mark. More important is how even private
individuals... They are responding to this initiative. So 47 million
still to be raised by Christmas, by January. By December actually.
you going to make it? I am certainly hope full facts we will
be making it, because countries are responding, although not as much as
we would have expected. We all understand the current economic
environment in which a lot of countries are in. But the stakes
are too high for countries not to respond. It would be a great
tragedy. Some countries like the UK and Germany have said it is a great
project, but this is Ecuador's business, not ours. Actually on the
contrary - this is an issue that belongs to all of us, a global
issue. Biodiversity, particularly this unique biodiversity in Ecuador,
is not just Ecuador's. If we lose to this to took exploitation it
will be an irreparable loss in terms of species that contribute to
scientific and medicine, like painkillers, antibiotics, in fact
recently a number of scientists visited that area and brought to a
very compelling insight into how this area has to be saved for the
good of the world not just Ecuador. But there is a feeling that say --
Ecuador say if you do not do not pay up the we are going to drill
here. It sounds like blackmail. That is one of the misunderstanding
is clouding this. In effect Ecuador is saying it is an issue of core
responsibility. We are a small country facing severe economic
difficulty, where one third of our population is in poverty. At the
minimum half of our resource, we are asking the international
community because of the global significance, in that spirit of
responsibility to come up with the additional amount. It is very fair,
it is not a question of blackmail. It is asking the international
community to work together in the spirit of coal responsibility.
wish you all the best in raising the summer by December.
He is regarded as one of the world's most influential composers
of the second half of the 20th century. At 86, Pierre Boulez is
still writing new works. In France he is a cultural icon which huge
influence on the music scene. To celebrate his controversial work, a
major retrospective is being held in London and the maestro was there
Pierre Boulez rehearsing Pli Selon Pli, his major composition that
took him more than 40 years to write. Today, it is seen as his
masterpiece, music that sums up his life and work. He is a giant in
musical terms because he is a conductor very famous as a great
conductor of the world's great orchestras. He is also a great
composer, but also he is a cultural leader. Boulez was a radical, burn
down the opera houses was his famous slogan. He started to
compose in World War II, and in the post-war years along with John Cage
and Stockhausen invented the musical avant-garde.
It is hard to give a definition to Pierre Boulez' music. It is so
original. So complex in the best sense of the term, so directly here
but also very hidden. His name is a classic, his presence, his
conducting, but not his compositions. The name is famous,
the music remains music that is shared and known by a small circle
of people. In the 1970s but there is founded
the Institute of electronic and experimental music at the Pompidou
Centre in Paris. He became a vehicle for the development of
musical innovation for generations of European and American composers.
People could do explore the use of musical space in a way that did not
involve musicians standing around. You could move a sound around a
concert hall by using lots of speakers and a computer program.
That idea that there were not established hierarchies, the idea
that any sound was equal to any other sound.
Baroness's repertoire is enormous and it varies from Bach to francs
apart. He said recently he regretted devoting time to