04/10/2011 World News Today


04/10/2011

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This is BBC World New Today. It isn't one-02 European sports fans

:00:14.:00:21.

after a British landlady wins the right to show for, just from

:00:21.:00:25.

foreign broadcasters. Could this mark the end of national

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broadcasting rights? They have no legal right to do so. Homeward

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bound: Amanda Knox flies out of Italy after being acquitted of the

:00:35.:00:40.

murder of a British student. I report on rising unemployment in

:00:40.:00:45.

Spain. Almost 50% of young people are now at of work.

:00:45.:00:50.

Why Ecuador has given the world a three-month deadline to save the

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last great wilderness from oil exploration.

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And celebrating the work of the French composer Pierre Boulez - and

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:01:14.:01:25.

It was a David and Goliath struggle, a pub lady from what's this --

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Portsmouth, versus the financial might of English Premier League

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football. Today Karen Murphy won the last round in her six year

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legal battle to screen Premier League matches beamed into Britain

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from a Greek broadcaster, rather than the authorised provider Sky at

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a considerably lower cost. This case could prove to have far-

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reaching implications for broadcasting rights across Europe.

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His report contains flash photography.

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There are the poster boys who have made the Premier League the images

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in the world but could the competitions lucrative tilt --

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television deals now be under threat? Unlikely as it may seem, it

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is all because of this pub in Portsmouth. It is fantastic. Five

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years ago, Karen Murphy potty decoder to access a cheaper great

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broadcaster. She was fine budgeted to cost of the European Court. What

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of the ruling say? When buying matches from abroad, national

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legislation which am proud -- prohibits the import, sell our use

:02:34.:02:44.
:02:44.:02:45.

of foreign recorded cars cannot be justified it. It added: They think

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they are above the lob and dictate a wider. I should be able to go out

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and buy and choose to buy from where I like. I should they dictate

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where I buy from? That is not right. So what does it mean for the

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Premier League television deals. Today's ruling is likely to force

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the Premier League to review the way it sells its television rights.

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The judgement is far from clear-cut. The League is confident it can

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avoid a major drop in its TV income. The League said the judgement was

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complicated, adding it needed time to consider its implications.

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Industry experts agreed the ruling will not lead to a financial

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disaster for our financial -- English football. It is no more

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than a minor inconvenience for the next two years. At the end of this

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current broadcast deal, the Premier League will be able to structure

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their rights so this does not have the financial impact on them at all.

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But what does it all mean for the fans? In the short-term, it should

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give supporters more choice over how they watch football on TV. The

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bigger worry for advances out the lead sells its rights in the future

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and how clubs spend their money. The problem has been that the huge

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wealth that the football industry has got out of its media rights

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often has not been used to the benefit of those fans who are going

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to the Games. The final decision on Karen Murphy's is now rests with

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the higher courts. The implications for the league and sports

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broadcasting could be felt for years to come.

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Today's ruling could have profound implications. A broader market does

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not mean a cheaper market as it might become dominated by a few

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media giants from Europe's most populous companies. Premier League

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and other highly coveted leaks could push their a pan-European

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package at higher rates. Parting fans in smaller markets. They could

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also force a drastic revision in how films and television programmes

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are distributed. Joining me to discuss that is a sports lawyer

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with the London firm. A lot of IFS and buts in this ruling. What do

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you think this verdict will mean? Absolutely. A difficult question.

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For the Premier League, I agree with a lot of the points made in

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the videotape before. It is such a big beast and it has got so much

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value. They will be OK. The more important question is what does it

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mean for other rights holders, protect a lead those in the music

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and film industries who might find themselves in his -- significantly

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affected financially., in what way? This ruling calls into question the

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way in which they have sold the rights by a territory basis. In the

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future, unless they can run a Copyright or IP protection, they

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will have to find alternative models. Those models could be less

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favourable. Is it good news for football fans? And -- could they go

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out and buy a cheaper foreign decoder and watch matches?

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Potentially, yes. There is another part of the judgement that says the

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Premier League does have some protective will interest as regards

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broadcasting in pubs. Therefore that opens the avenue to them to

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prosecute any pubs that try to show matches in the way Mrs Murphy did

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so in this case. In require -- it in respects a private consumers,

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they could buy these cards. If they do decide to do so, we will have to

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wait to see. We still have to wait for the UK court to reach its final

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verdict by which it in turn is the ruling from Europe. As and when it

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does so, potentially things will become clearer. The British Europe

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-- ichor usually agrees with the European High Court was Mark has to

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on the principles on it has to do with the facts of the case. I

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remain confused. Thank you. Let's take you look at that some of

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the other news. In Somalia, 70 people have been reported to have

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been killed in a bombing in the capital. The blast happened at the

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gate of a compound housing Government buildings. The city's

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ambulance service said more than 30 people were wounded filled it --..

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The Dalai Lama has cancelled a trip to South Africa after the

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authorities failed to grant him a visa in time. He had been invited

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:07:54.:07:54.

to the 80th birthday celebrations of arch bishop Desmond to do.

:07:54.:08:04.
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This year's Nobel Prize for Physics has been won by three scientists.

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It was for the Study of super novas. They have discovered that the

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universe is growing at an ever expanding rate.

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France has warned the Syrian Government against trying to

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intimidate opposition activists protesting against President Assad.

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This follows reports that a group of activists have been filmed

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inciting and attacked by Syrian agents as they were protesting in

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the French capital. Inside Syria, protests have continued despite the

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Government crackdown. The Human Rights organisation Amnesty

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International has accused them of intimidating families. Us Indian

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defector called for a united opposition front against President

:09:06.:09:16.
:09:16.:09:17.

President Bashir all the sad --... They can unify and topple the

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regime. I asked the Syrian people to remain strong. The regime will

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:09:33.:09:33.

follow soon. Syrian activists have mobilised outside the country. I am

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joined by a member of the Syrian National Council. Tell us what this

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council is. Is it like the Libyan transitional council we have so

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much back? For so long, the Syrian opposition and the grassroots

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movement have been trying to come up with represented political

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leadership for the uprising in the country. This council represents

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the Syrian people, of all backgrounds and all religious

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groups and all political affiliations. And up also across

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all agenda does and agencies. 60% of the Council are members inside

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the country. About more than half of it represents the grassroots

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movement, the young activists demonstrating across the country.

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You have seen the support of the Syrian National Council by banners

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and chanting. The purpose of the Syrian National Council is to unify

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the opposition in one entity, one decision-making body. Until now,

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there have been claims that the Syrian opposition is very religious.

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You say that you encompass all that, that is the worry. One hears that

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Syria is going to volunteer civil war. What is your response to that?

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It is absolute propaganda and a smear campaign. This is one of the

:11:07.:11:17.
:11:17.:11:17.

mechanisms used to it scare the world that there were up -- the

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country will slide into civil war. The population as diverse, Syrian

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society is rich with different political, ethnic and religious

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backgrounds. But they all share the same agenda and the same goal and

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objective which is reaching a democratic sinful state where

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everyone is equal before the law. - - Democratic civil state. We have a

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unified outlook and we will have a different representatives in

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different countries. Briefly, does that make you a Government in

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waiting if you have envoys in different countries? I would rather

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put it as a unified opposition from that represents the uprising in

:12:04.:12:08.

Syria politically and able to take strategic decisions on how they

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should move forward. Whether this is a Government in exile are not

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that is to be determined. It is all part of a discussion after their

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sad regime as out. It is not fair to think about it at this time. The

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National Council is 230 seats. It consists of everyone inside the

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country. It is now in a position... You have made a point. Thank you

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very much. European banks shares took another

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tumble today as EU finance Ministers put off making a decision.

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As the debt crisis deepens, one of the major concerns is the

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spiralling rate of youth unemployment. Spain has the highest

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jobless total in Europe, with just under 50% of young people out of

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work. It is the young who could help lead

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Spain out of its crisis but this morning they were in the JobCentre.

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It is very worrying sh, she told us. This is Europe's 5th lost -- fifth-

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largest economy and it is running on empty. Spanish Jobcentres have

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been bustling ever since this crisis began and it is not just a

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problem for the individuals and the state as a whole. Spain has hurried

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to shell out large amounts of money and unemployment benefit and there

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are the increasing fears with youth unemployment so high, of a growing

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lost generation. And you find it at Madrid's largest university. How

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many of you are confident that when you leave university, you will be

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able to get a job? Put up your hands if you are confident. Any

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:14:08.:14:08.

job? Just anything at all. About four or five people out of 28. How

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many of you think you will have to leave Spain to get a job to live

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the lives you want to live? There go most of the hands.

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Meet the latest recruit to the brain drain of Spain. An economics

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graduate, she worries about her country. It is our fault because I

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do not think universities are preparing people and I do not think

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the students are taking all the opportunities that they have.

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Spain needs to change? Yes. Spain's caught up in the debt crisis

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hitting Europe. The Government insists things will improve but

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many fear without the young, it will take longer. For the country

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to lose these group of people who could raise the productivity of

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Spain, it is a tragedy. In the university canteen, many feel that.

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Across Europe, youth unemployment is rising. And just like the

:15:14.:15:24.
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Amanda Knox is flying home to Seattle after a court in Italy

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overturned her conviction for the murder of her flatmate Meredith

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Kercher. Miss Knox and her Italian former boyfriend spent nearly four

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years in jail for the murder of Ms Kercher. Both women were students

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in Perugia. Miss Kercher's family are still seeking answers as to who

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killed her. This was the moment when Amanda

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mark -- Amanda Knox left Italy after almost four years in prison.

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Last night she was cleared of murder. Grinning broadly she now

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knew she was going home to Seattle. But the family of Meredith Kercher,

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the British didn't find with her throat cut, said they felt they

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were back to square one on who killed her. Today a tiny bouquet

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was tied to the railings of a house in Perugia way she died.

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What happened to my daughter of Meredith was every parent's

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nightmare. Terrible. Basically, she was in the safest place, her

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bedroom. Meredith's sister was asked if the

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family was prepared to forgive. Until the truth comes out, we

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cannot forgive anyone because no one has even admitted to it. So

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until that happens we still have to wait and see what happens.

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One person, Rudy Guede, remains in prison for the murder. But Italy's

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highest court says he killed her with other people, and if that was

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not Amanda Knox and her former boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito, then

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who was it? That prosecutors in the case say

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they plan to appeal against yesterday's decision, and they are

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preparing to take it to Italy's highest court, the Court of

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Cassation. When Amanda Knox was cleared last night, it was a moment

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of extreme emotions. She was led sobbing from the court. Her former

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boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito was also freed, to return home to

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southern Italy. Amanda Knox was driven out of

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prison late last night into a world of exclusive interviews and booked

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the -- book deals. She got VIP treatment as she changed planes at

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Heathrow. She has become a celebrity in America, and can

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expect to become rich from her ordeal.

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Ecuador's share of the Amazon rain forest is one of the most bio-

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diverse areas on the planet, home to a staggering number of plant and

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animal species and two of the world's last on counteracted tribes.

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Five years ago a new oilfield was discovered deep inside the

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rainforest. But instead of just extracting the oil and destroying

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this wilderness, the Government of Ecuador has given the world a

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choice - in exchange for international corporation, Ecuador

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will keep the drillers out. But the money is no way to be seen and a

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deadline is fast approaching. On the eastern edge of Ecuador, the

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National Park is said to be one of the most biologically diverse

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locations in the world. There is more plants and bushes in a single

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hectare here than in all of North America. It is also home to a

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number of indigenous tribes that have voluntarily stayed in

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isolation. But this Amazonian treasure-trove also sits on top of

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another valuable resource - 1 billion barrels of oil, which

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amounts to around one 5th of all oil the reserves in Ecuador. This

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has the potential to be worth between seven and $10 billion,

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money needed by a country still steeped in poverty.

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All has helped Ecuador take its first step forwards, but also

:19:30.:19:34.

brought environmental degradation to that oil-producing regions. Many

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in Ecuador fear this could be a preview of what lies in store for

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the National Park. Faced with a dilemma between exploitation and

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the conservation, the Government proposed a solution - if the world

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would stump up half of the oil's value, Ecuador would leave it in

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the ground and the area untouched. The Government said an initial

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payment of $100 million be paid by the end of this year, but this so-

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called green oil deal is in trouble. Just over half has been raised and

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several large countries including the UK and Germany are not willing

:20:09.:20:14.

to support the plan. The Ecuadorian is are hoping next summer's 20th

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anniversary of the landmark Rio summit will prick the conscience of

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reluctant governments and breathe new life into the project.

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To discuss that I am joined by the executive co-ordinator of the

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United Nations Trust which is raising money for the project.

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How are you doing so far? Have you had much success? We had a very

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important meeting on 23rd September during the General Assembly whether

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secretary-general of the UN co- hosted a meeting for a number of

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countries, and I think at that meeting a lot of countries did

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express support. We have raised about 53 million, we are on the way

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into our hundred million mark. More important is how even private

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individuals... They are responding to this initiative. So 47 million

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still to be raised by Christmas, by January. By December actually.

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you going to make it? I am certainly hope full facts we will

:21:27.:21:33.

be making it, because countries are responding, although not as much as

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we would have expected. We all understand the current economic

:21:37.:21:41.

environment in which a lot of countries are in. But the stakes

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are too high for countries not to respond. It would be a great

:21:45.:21:50.

tragedy. Some countries like the UK and Germany have said it is a great

:21:50.:21:57.

project, but this is Ecuador's business, not ours. Actually on the

:21:57.:22:02.

contrary - this is an issue that belongs to all of us, a global

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issue. Biodiversity, particularly this unique biodiversity in Ecuador,

:22:08.:22:16.

is not just Ecuador's. If we lose to this to took exploitation it

:22:16.:22:22.

will be an irreparable loss in terms of species that contribute to

:22:22.:22:28.

scientific and medicine, like painkillers, antibiotics, in fact

:22:28.:22:33.

recently a number of scientists visited that area and brought to a

:22:33.:22:38.

very compelling insight into how this area has to be saved for the

:22:38.:22:43.

good of the world not just Ecuador. But there is a feeling that say --

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Ecuador say if you do not do not pay up the we are going to drill

:22:47.:22:52.

here. It sounds like blackmail. That is one of the misunderstanding

:22:52.:22:57.

is clouding this. In effect Ecuador is saying it is an issue of core

:22:57.:23:01.

responsibility. We are a small country facing severe economic

:23:01.:23:08.

difficulty, where one third of our population is in poverty. At the

:23:08.:23:12.

minimum half of our resource, we are asking the international

:23:12.:23:17.

community because of the global significance, in that spirit of

:23:17.:23:21.

responsibility to come up with the additional amount. It is very fair,

:23:21.:23:26.

it is not a question of blackmail. It is asking the international

:23:26.:23:31.

community to work together in the spirit of coal responsibility.

:23:31.:23:35.

wish you all the best in raising the summer by December.

:23:35.:23:38.

He is regarded as one of the world's most influential composers

:23:38.:23:43.

of the second half of the 20th century. At 86, Pierre Boulez is

:23:43.:23:49.

still writing new works. In France he is a cultural icon which huge

:23:49.:23:54.

influence on the music scene. To celebrate his controversial work, a

:23:54.:23:57.

major retrospective is being held in London and the maestro was there

:23:57.:24:07.
:24:07.:24:13.

Pierre Boulez rehearsing Pli Selon Pli, his major composition that

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took him more than 40 years to write. Today, it is seen as his

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masterpiece, music that sums up his life and work. He is a giant in

:24:28.:24:35.

musical terms because he is a conductor very famous as a great

:24:35.:24:38.

conductor of the world's great orchestras. He is also a great

:24:38.:24:45.

composer, but also he is a cultural leader. Boulez was a radical, burn

:24:46.:24:50.

down the opera houses was his famous slogan. He started to

:24:50.:24:55.

compose in World War II, and in the post-war years along with John Cage

:24:55.:24:58.

and Stockhausen invented the musical avant-garde.

:24:58.:25:07.

It is hard to give a definition to Pierre Boulez' music. It is so

:25:07.:25:16.

original. So complex in the best sense of the term, so directly here

:25:16.:25:24.

but also very hidden. His name is a classic, his presence, his

:25:24.:25:29.

conducting, but not his compositions. The name is famous,

:25:29.:25:35.

the music remains music that is shared and known by a small circle

:25:35.:25:44.

of people. In the 1970s but there is founded

:25:44.:25:48.

the Institute of electronic and experimental music at the Pompidou

:25:48.:25:52.

Centre in Paris. He became a vehicle for the development of

:25:52.:25:56.

musical innovation for generations of European and American composers.

:25:56.:26:02.

People could do explore the use of musical space in a way that did not

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involve musicians standing around. You could move a sound around a

:26:07.:26:11.

concert hall by using lots of speakers and a computer program.

:26:11.:26:15.

That idea that there were not established hierarchies, the idea

:26:15.:26:23.

that any sound was equal to any other sound.

:26:23.:26:28.

Baroness's repertoire is enormous and it varies from Bach to francs

:26:28.:26:32.

apart. He said recently he regretted devoting time to

:26:32.:26:36.

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