05/10/2011 World News Today


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The IMF has warned of recession in the west. In Greece thousands of


public sector workers again take to the street to voice their anger at


cuts. David Cameron struck an upbeat note


during his speech to party conference, urging Britons not to


become paralysed by gloom and fear. Let's see an optimistic future,


show the world some fight, pull together, work together and


together lead Britain to better days ahead.


Coming up, South Africa's war of words. Archbishop Desmond Tutu


tells the BBC of his anger at South Africa's refusal to grant the Dalai


Lion -- Dalai Lama a visa. If they continue in this way, they


are following the path of their predecessors.


High above Manhattan, the unique part providing a peaceful sanctuary


for New Yorkers. -- Park. And Bert Jansch, the man dubbed


folk's answer to Jimi Hendrix, dies aged 67.


Welcome. A long-lasting solution to the eurozone crisis is more than


overdue wants the IMF. Italy's credit rating was downgraded by


Moody's amid continuing concerns that Italy and other members of the


euro will be unable to repay their debts. The Ben Moore unrest in


Greece as trade unions strike. -- then, unrest.


Violent protests back on the streets of Athens. The pain caused


by tough austerity measures bites harder and harder. The EU and the


IMF I get to decide whether Greece gets its next instalment of


international loans, but it probably will. -- are yet to decide.


They are run priest -- increasing unemployment. The people who gain


money from corruption are not paying what they should be paying


to fix the mass. The renewed strikes in Greece comes


as Italy faces another downgrade of its credit rating and fears that it


will be drawn further into dangerous territory. The IMF has


warned that Europe risks recession next year as the debt crisis and


its consequences a rumble on. To add to the confusion, this senior


IMF official suggested that the fund could intervene in bond


markets, only to retract his mark - - remarks later. What about the


woman on whom so much of this hinges? In Brussels for talks with


the European Commission, Germany's Chancellor has big decisions to


make. Everybody is waiting for the report from the so-called troika


inspectors, to determine whether or not Greece needs more help than was


assumed months ago and whether the banks will be asked to take heavier


losses. Try Birmingham Coach Station we


have to look at the current Greek figures and see whether we have --


they have to be adjusted. -- TRANSLATION: We have to look at.


Greece must remain part of the eurozone and must be given the


opportunity to get back on its feet. It is not just Greece having


problems. The banking system itself is under severe strain and


everybody knows it. Chancellor market made it clear


that Germany could be moving towards recapitalising banks but in


general she speaks of a step-by- step approach. At some people may


not like that but they will have to lump it. The solution still rests


with Europe's richest country. What does this crisis mean on an


interlude -- individual level? Gary Cooper is Professor mack at


Lancaster University and he told me it is having an enormous


psychological impact. -- Gary Cooper is Distinguished Professor


of Organisational Psychology and Health.


People are feeling financially so - - insecure. Will the banks faltered,


will I have a job? People's sense of security has been undermined. It


really does affect people. It also affects countries throughout the


world because companies do not invest as much as they normally


would, they do not take risks, individual people in businesses do


not take risks, so it is not only affecting the health of people and


their financial security but also affecting the reputation of Britain


and other countries. In some cases this has devastating consequences.


In Greece the suicide rate has doubled in the past three years


because people feel them that is no light at the end of the tunnel. How


do you give people hope? We have to be more positive. Today a survey


came out by HR directors in the country, saying that the sickness


absence rate was mainly caused by stress at work. We don't need that,


when you have stress you have people not be productive, so we


need much more positivity. -- not being productive. The more we can


be positive, it will help consumers, consumers will get more self-


confidence, they will buy things... Presumably that is what David


Cameron was trying to do when he addressed his party conference this


afternoon when he said, we can get out of this, we need to be more


positive about the future. You are saying this is the right message?


Absolutely. All we are hearing from the Bank of England, the financial


sector, and a whole range of politicians across the world, who


are just saying, this will be the long-term, it will take five, 10


years. The more we emphasise the positives, the better. The more


psychologists we get involved in talking up the economy and


politicians talking up the economy, the better off we all will be,


because actually the dealers listened to be doom and gloom.


Finally, what about the political consequences of this doom and gloom


- in Greece people have clearly lost faith in democratic government


and the ability of the state to pull them out of this crisis. Do


you think there is a danger that people turn to extreme solutions,


as they did in Germany in the 1930s? Absolutely. When people feel


secure -- insecure, they take control. That is what you do when


you are under a lot of stress, you take control. You do not really


necessary take control in an adaptive way. Going on the streets


is a way of taking control. So we have to get people on board, engage


them in the workplace, engage the population do think about positive


things we can do to develop our economies. We can do this. Three or


four years ago, before the crisis, we were growing. Yes, we did some


wrong things, but the essence and the fundamentals of most of our


economies is strong. As we heard, David Cameron


attempted to swim against be tied by delivering a big dose of


optimism in his speech. Des the tide. He said the government would


stick to its debt reduction scheme but he said that Britain had been


called off -- written off before and he called on the contrary to


show some fight. Before David Cameron even entered


the conference centre, it was clear he was going to mention one word in


particular. Leadership was the chosen theme of the conference so


he began by alluding to his stand on Libya and this year's


intervention. Don't let anybody say that this was


not in my -- our national interest. Good afraid Dave Semtex to the IRA,


he was behind the shooting of a police officer. -- he gave Semtex


to the IRA. I say let's be proud of what we did to help the Libyan


people take back their country. But it was the economy which was


uppermost in his mind. He insisted his government was right to cut the


deficit, figures are borrowing more money would make the situation


worse. -- because borrowing. He told the conference leadership was


what was needed. I know how tough things are. I do not underestimate


how are worried people feel, either about making ends meet or the state


of the world economy, but the truth is that right now we need to be


energised, not paralysed by gloom and fear. As for the current crisis


in the eurozone, he gave his Conservative audience the lines if


they wanted to hear. He said he would not let Britain be sucked in


to end at Des End has bail-outs. -- endless bail-outs. When it comes to


any European bail-out mechanism, Labour got us into this and I will


make sure we get out of this. ended on a high note, rejecting the


idea of Britain as a country in decline. We have the people and now


we have a government that is free in this people, backing those ideas,


lot -- so let's see an optimistic future, shows some fight, pull


together and together lead Britain to better days ahead. David Cameron


did not want his speech to be unremittingly gloomy. He wanted


voters do have faith that they can make it through the bad times. But


already the idea of an economic upturn by 2015 is looking


optimistic and ministers are increasingly apprehensive that the


road to recovery could be a long one.


Iain Martin is a political columnist with the Daily Mail and I


spoke to him from the conference just after that speech and asked


him why David Cameron had put Britain's role in Libya at the top


of the speech. You have to remember that David Cameron took a lot of


criticism on the domestic front when he embarked on this adventure.


Them back to all kinds of criticisms. I wrote Pete's --


pieces myself questioning the wisdom of the intervention. He


faced so much criticism on the home front but I think he was genuinely


vindicated and he wants to show his critics but as far as he is


concerned it works. It is not really surprising that he made such


a big thing a bit in the speech. Most of the speech was devoted to


the economy and it was interesting how incredibly up BT was. -- upbeat.


It was a very strange speech from David Cameron today. I have seen


him give some great speeches in his time. This was not one of them. At


in its construction it was slightly shambolic but the most interesting


passages were on the economy. The Tories in Britain have a real


problem. They came into office essentially promising that if they


cut the deficit that would restore Britain's economic fortunes and by


now would be -- we would be seeing signs of growth. In fact things are


heading in the opposite direction, growth today was downgraded for the


first and second quarter again, so Britain is bumping along the bottom


and heading possibly for a Japanese style period have lent the


stagnation. What he was trying to do was to encourage the Brits to


dig in and show some of that 1940 is can-do spirit of the Brits --


the Blitz. I am not sure it worked. I think British people are quite


cynicism about that and I think this beached failed because it did


not lay out a serious programme of reforms and the kind of economic


changes required to kick-start growth. -- the speech failed.


phrase he kept using was leadership, that you can lead your community,


Yes, the reason that the word leadership crops up so many times,


I think it is something that is implied rather than pepping the


speech with that. However, the Tory party in Britain, the Lib Dem


coalition believe the leader of the coalition -- the opposition is


extremely weak. The recent polling shows that the British public do


not buy the idea of home as an alternative Prime Minister. So in


those circumstances, Cameron wants to exploit that as much as possible


and implied that he is the only head-and-shoulders above all of his


rivals. Let's take a look at some of the


other news: As civilian court and Bahrain has ordered the retrial of


20 medical staff sentenced for aiding anti-government protesters.


They were found guilty last week which included inciting the


overthrow of the Government and Bahrain.


Afghan intelligence officials have said they have uncovered a plot to


kill the country's President. He is currently out of the country to a


visit to India. Six people have been arrested them, one of them a


member of the President's staff. The women claiming to be the woman


-- she had seen a report saying she had been beheaded. She said that


last month Zainab al-Hosni had been killed and dismembered.


The trial has begun of two Pakistani Test cricketers accused


of taking bribes during a match against England. Salman Butt and


Mohammed Asif are accused of taking money for her delivering no balls


in last year's test. Both men have denied the charges.


The ANC Government of South Africa has appealed to Archbishop Desmond


Tutu to come down after you compared it to the apartheid regime.


Archbishop Desmond Tutu has reacted angrily after Tibet's spiritual


leader, the Dalai Lama, cancelled a trip to be at the Archbishop's 80th


birthday celebrations, because he had not been granted an entry visa


in time. Here is what he had to say yesterday. I am warning you, one


day we will stand -- star praying for the defeat of the ANC


Government. You are disgraceful! The Archbishop told the BBC's


Southern Africa correspondent today that he may have spoken out hastily


but he stood by his argument. think we have just portrayed our


struggle. You are a sad man today? I am. I am sad because there is a


part of me that keeps saying it hasn't happened. It is just a very


bad nightmare. And this is the second time. It is the second time


that this wonderful person has been forbidden to come to our country.


EU have been very strident about your comments on the ruling party.


Do you regret having said that one day you will be praying for the


demise of the ANC? I said that if they continue in this way, then


they are following the path of their predecessors. And I would


certainly, if they did that, pray for their demise. The ruling party


has called a new to come down. How do you respond to that? Today I am


going to count up to 10 and take a deep breath and not get too upset.


But I know I was very angry. I am just up -- shock to see how angry I


was from the pictures. But I think it was justified. They continue to


treat us like little children. The deputy President says no this thing


was in the pipeline. This is not two months before the visit. It is


amahs before he is due to leave. -- it is our worst. Who will believe


that? A1 of the runaway hits of this


summer in New York has not been on Bradley. It has been at out a most


unusual park which is attracting millions of visitors from all


around the world. The Inside story of the newer city's so-called Park


In The Sky is about to be told another cult of High Line. I like


about where you sit and look at the traffic. I think it is a wonderful


Shangri-La in the middle of this wonderful city. The story Of the


High Line is a highly improbable one. It is the story of two young


New Yorkers with no experience in urban planning, architecture of the


rough and tumble of city politics, turning a derelict elevated railway


line into a unique park. I am a dreamer but I never dreamed it


would be the successful. In some ways, I did not believe it until we


opened. I knew there were so many pieces that could follow park.


Legal, planning, community issues. Robert Hammond, and his co-founder


Joshua David have devoted more than a decade of their lives to the High


Line project. Inspired by a rusting structure on the verge of being


torn down. Here we wanted to design it to be interesting and unique and


as unusual as the structure itself. I loved what it was like before we


build anything up here. Photographs taken at the time and soon-to-be-


published any book on the High Line, capture this wild landscape that


the park architects made a part of their design. It has been winning


awards from urban planners around the world. I think the High Line is


the best new public space we have had in New York in a long time. It


merges the idea of the streets, which is the quintessential New


Year public space, it merges the idea of the street with the idea of


the park. One of the reason that people are excited because it is a


new kind of public space. The High Line has been a venue for all


manner of events, a 3 million people are expected to visit of the


course of the year. -- and 3 million people. It's close people


down and I think that is one of the secrets to its success. -- it slows


people down. He is an inspiration to disabled


people everywhere. Philippe Croizon was the first disabled person to


swim the Channel. Now he is attending an attempt to swim the


four Straits, and between the passage between New Guinea and


Indonesia. He is doing it with an able bodied slumber.


From a distance, they look like any other Queen some -- Jeanne Summers.


There is nothing unique about filly croissant. Beneath the water, you


can see why. -- fairly quiet song. -- filly cries on. Its use them to


a metal ladder. Today, thanks to special adapted flippers that


propel him through the water, he is proving an inspiration to disabled


people everywhere. They had has amputated my left leg, I was pretty


depressed. Then I saw a woman on the television swimming the Channel.


Something I had not known until then. I thought, while, why can't I


do that. And he did. After gruelling hours in the pool, he


became the first limbless mantissa and the Channel. Only 900 able-


bodied people had done it before them. Now beside a friend, he plans


to cross four Straits between five continents. Next year, the pair


were also run the icy bearing seed, the shark-infested Gulf of Akabar,


the straits between Gibraltar and Morocco and Papua New Guinea and


Indonesia. Only one able-bodied swimmer has a ever completed the


streets in the same year. They hope to break the record by swimming


them in four months. In total, it is 85 kilometres around 40 are


slumming. In some very strong currents. -- 40 I was swimming. He


swims at half the speed of our know. They're learning to synchronise


their efforts. For now, the biggest challenge will be to find a sponsor.


They still need have a million Euros to fund the trip. We help


each other. He does what I do and I do what he does. And when East won


together between the five continents, we overcome the


differences between us. We are equal. Few have overcome challenges


like he has, whether it is coping with everyday life, swimming were


taking to the air. This was his first time hot air ballooning. He


is an extraordinary Frenchman for whom this guy really is the limit.


-- this guy. The British folk musician Bert


Jansch has died aged 67 after a long battle with cancer. He was a


member of the ground-breaking folk band Pentangle and it was there


that he first achieved recognition in the late 60s. Bert Jansch was


considered to be one of the leading guitarists of his generation. Neil


Young once said that he did for the acoustic guard -- guitar what Jimi


Hendrix had done for the electric. That is all from me. Let me leave


you with the sound of Bert Jansch. Hello. It has been a blustery day


across the country and we will see the cloud and rain clearing away


from the south, leaving behind some colder weather tomorrow, along with


some showers. Another very windy Is the Whether fund that is moving


through. The source of our air is all the way back towards Iceland. A


different feel to the day tomorrow. The showers are frequent, heavy. We


will see some hail and thunder at times, combined with some strong


winds. Gusting at 50 mph at times. Temperatures of just 15 to 16


Celsius. Here we will see some heavy downpours at times. 13, the


top temperature. Across Wales, we will see some strong winds, maybe


up to 60 mph. North-west England and Northern Ireland are in the


firing line for the stronger winds through the afternoon. Here the


showers are likely to have some hail extend. Into Scotland,


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