05/10/2011 World News Today


05/10/2011

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The IMF has warned of recession in the west. In Greece thousands of

:00:16.:00:19.

public sector workers again take to the street to voice their anger at

:00:19.:00:23.

cuts. David Cameron struck an upbeat note

:00:23.:00:27.

during his speech to party conference, urging Britons not to

:00:27.:00:33.

become paralysed by gloom and fear. Let's see an optimistic future,

:00:33.:00:38.

show the world some fight, pull together, work together and

:00:38.:00:42.

together lead Britain to better days ahead.

:00:42.:00:46.

Coming up, South Africa's war of words. Archbishop Desmond Tutu

:00:46.:00:54.

tells the BBC of his anger at South Africa's refusal to grant the Dalai

:00:54.:01:00.

Lion -- Dalai Lama a visa. If they continue in this way, they

:01:00.:01:04.

are following the path of their predecessors.

:01:04.:01:09.

High above Manhattan, the unique part providing a peaceful sanctuary

:01:09.:01:19.
:01:19.:01:20.

for New Yorkers. -- Park. And Bert Jansch, the man dubbed

:01:20.:01:30.
:01:30.:01:39.

folk's answer to Jimi Hendrix, dies aged 67.

:01:39.:01:43.

Welcome. A long-lasting solution to the eurozone crisis is more than

:01:43.:01:50.

overdue wants the IMF. Italy's credit rating was downgraded by

:01:50.:01:53.

Moody's amid continuing concerns that Italy and other members of the

:01:53.:01:59.

euro will be unable to repay their debts. The Ben Moore unrest in

:01:59.:02:09.
:02:09.:02:09.

Greece as trade unions strike. -- then, unrest.

:02:09.:02:14.

Violent protests back on the streets of Athens. The pain caused

:02:14.:02:22.

by tough austerity measures bites harder and harder. The EU and the

:02:22.:02:27.

IMF I get to decide whether Greece gets its next instalment of

:02:27.:02:35.

international loans, but it probably will. -- are yet to decide.

:02:35.:02:42.

They are run priest -- increasing unemployment. The people who gain

:02:42.:02:47.

money from corruption are not paying what they should be paying

:02:47.:02:52.

to fix the mass. The renewed strikes in Greece comes

:02:52.:02:57.

as Italy faces another downgrade of its credit rating and fears that it

:02:57.:03:02.

will be drawn further into dangerous territory. The IMF has

:03:02.:03:05.

warned that Europe risks recession next year as the debt crisis and

:03:05.:03:10.

its consequences a rumble on. To add to the confusion, this senior

:03:10.:03:18.

IMF official suggested that the fund could intervene in bond

:03:18.:03:22.

markets, only to retract his mark - - remarks later. What about the

:03:22.:03:28.

woman on whom so much of this hinges? In Brussels for talks with

:03:28.:03:32.

the European Commission, Germany's Chancellor has big decisions to

:03:32.:03:37.

make. Everybody is waiting for the report from the so-called troika

:03:37.:03:42.

inspectors, to determine whether or not Greece needs more help than was

:03:42.:03:45.

assumed months ago and whether the banks will be asked to take heavier

:03:45.:03:49.

losses. Try Birmingham Coach Station we

:03:49.:03:52.

have to look at the current Greek figures and see whether we have --

:03:52.:04:01.

they have to be adjusted. -- TRANSLATION: We have to look at.

:04:01.:04:04.

Greece must remain part of the eurozone and must be given the

:04:04.:04:12.

opportunity to get back on its feet. It is not just Greece having

:04:12.:04:15.

problems. The banking system itself is under severe strain and

:04:15.:04:22.

everybody knows it. Chancellor market made it clear

:04:22.:04:26.

that Germany could be moving towards recapitalising banks but in

:04:26.:04:31.

general she speaks of a step-by- step approach. At some people may

:04:31.:04:35.

not like that but they will have to lump it. The solution still rests

:04:35.:04:43.

with Europe's richest country. What does this crisis mean on an

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interlude -- individual level? Gary Cooper is Professor mack at

:04:47.:04:50.

Lancaster University and he told me it is having an enormous

:04:51.:04:54.

psychological impact. -- Gary Cooper is Distinguished Professor

:04:54.:04:58.

of Organisational Psychology and Health.

:04:58.:05:04.

People are feeling financially so - - insecure. Will the banks faltered,

:05:04.:05:13.

will I have a job? People's sense of security has been undermined. It

:05:13.:05:18.

really does affect people. It also affects countries throughout the

:05:18.:05:21.

world because companies do not invest as much as they normally

:05:21.:05:26.

would, they do not take risks, individual people in businesses do

:05:26.:05:31.

not take risks, so it is not only affecting the health of people and

:05:31.:05:36.

their financial security but also affecting the reputation of Britain

:05:36.:05:41.

and other countries. In some cases this has devastating consequences.

:05:41.:05:45.

In Greece the suicide rate has doubled in the past three years

:05:45.:05:49.

because people feel them that is no light at the end of the tunnel. How

:05:49.:05:57.

do you give people hope? We have to be more positive. Today a survey

:05:57.:06:06.

came out by HR directors in the country, saying that the sickness

:06:06.:06:13.

absence rate was mainly caused by stress at work. We don't need that,

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when you have stress you have people not be productive, so we

:06:17.:06:27.
:06:27.:06:29.

need much more positivity. -- not being productive. The more we can

:06:29.:06:34.

be positive, it will help consumers, consumers will get more self-

:06:34.:06:39.

confidence, they will buy things... Presumably that is what David

:06:39.:06:42.

Cameron was trying to do when he addressed his party conference this

:06:42.:06:46.

afternoon when he said, we can get out of this, we need to be more

:06:46.:06:52.

positive about the future. You are saying this is the right message?

:06:52.:06:57.

Absolutely. All we are hearing from the Bank of England, the financial

:06:57.:07:02.

sector, and a whole range of politicians across the world, who

:07:02.:07:08.

are just saying, this will be the long-term, it will take five, 10

:07:08.:07:13.

years. The more we emphasise the positives, the better. The more

:07:13.:07:17.

psychologists we get involved in talking up the economy and

:07:17.:07:22.

politicians talking up the economy, the better off we all will be,

:07:22.:07:28.

because actually the dealers listened to be doom and gloom.

:07:28.:07:32.

Finally, what about the political consequences of this doom and gloom

:07:32.:07:36.

- in Greece people have clearly lost faith in democratic government

:07:37.:07:40.

and the ability of the state to pull them out of this crisis. Do

:07:41.:07:45.

you think there is a danger that people turn to extreme solutions,

:07:46.:07:51.

as they did in Germany in the 1930s? Absolutely. When people feel

:07:51.:07:59.

secure -- insecure, they take control. That is what you do when

:07:59.:08:04.

you are under a lot of stress, you take control. You do not really

:08:04.:08:11.

necessary take control in an adaptive way. Going on the streets

:08:11.:08:17.

is a way of taking control. So we have to get people on board, engage

:08:17.:08:21.

them in the workplace, engage the population do think about positive

:08:21.:08:27.

things we can do to develop our economies. We can do this. Three or

:08:27.:08:33.

four years ago, before the crisis, we were growing. Yes, we did some

:08:33.:08:38.

wrong things, but the essence and the fundamentals of most of our

:08:38.:08:42.

economies is strong. As we heard, David Cameron

:08:42.:08:46.

attempted to swim against be tied by delivering a big dose of

:08:46.:08:52.

optimism in his speech. Des the tide. He said the government would

:08:52.:08:59.

stick to its debt reduction scheme but he said that Britain had been

:08:59.:09:04.

called off -- written off before and he called on the contrary to

:09:04.:09:08.

show some fight. Before David Cameron even entered

:09:08.:09:14.

the conference centre, it was clear he was going to mention one word in

:09:14.:09:17.

particular. Leadership was the chosen theme of the conference so

:09:17.:09:24.

he began by alluding to his stand on Libya and this year's

:09:24.:09:26.

intervention. Don't let anybody say that this was

:09:26.:09:33.

not in my -- our national interest. Good afraid Dave Semtex to the IRA,

:09:33.:09:40.

he was behind the shooting of a police officer. -- he gave Semtex

:09:40.:09:45.

to the IRA. I say let's be proud of what we did to help the Libyan

:09:45.:09:49.

people take back their country. But it was the economy which was

:09:49.:09:55.

uppermost in his mind. He insisted his government was right to cut the

:09:55.:09:59.

deficit, figures are borrowing more money would make the situation

:09:59.:10:03.

worse. -- because borrowing. He told the conference leadership was

:10:03.:10:08.

what was needed. I know how tough things are. I do not underestimate

:10:08.:10:13.

how are worried people feel, either about making ends meet or the state

:10:13.:10:18.

of the world economy, but the truth is that right now we need to be

:10:18.:10:23.

energised, not paralysed by gloom and fear. As for the current crisis

:10:23.:10:27.

in the eurozone, he gave his Conservative audience the lines if

:10:27.:10:31.

they wanted to hear. He said he would not let Britain be sucked in

:10:31.:10:41.
:10:41.:10:44.

to end at Des End has bail-outs. -- endless bail-outs. When it comes to

:10:44.:10:48.

any European bail-out mechanism, Labour got us into this and I will

:10:48.:10:55.

make sure we get out of this. ended on a high note, rejecting the

:10:55.:11:01.

idea of Britain as a country in decline. We have the people and now

:11:01.:11:05.

we have a government that is free in this people, backing those ideas,

:11:06.:11:12.

lot -- so let's see an optimistic future, shows some fight, pull

:11:12.:11:16.

together and together lead Britain to better days ahead. David Cameron

:11:16.:11:21.

did not want his speech to be unremittingly gloomy. He wanted

:11:21.:11:27.

voters do have faith that they can make it through the bad times. But

:11:27.:11:32.

already the idea of an economic upturn by 2015 is looking

:11:32.:11:36.

optimistic and ministers are increasingly apprehensive that the

:11:36.:11:41.

road to recovery could be a long one.

:11:41.:11:44.

Iain Martin is a political columnist with the Daily Mail and I

:11:44.:11:48.

spoke to him from the conference just after that speech and asked

:11:48.:11:52.

him why David Cameron had put Britain's role in Libya at the top

:11:52.:11:57.

of the speech. You have to remember that David Cameron took a lot of

:11:57.:12:03.

criticism on the domestic front when he embarked on this adventure.

:12:03.:12:07.

Them back to all kinds of criticisms. I wrote Pete's --

:12:07.:12:12.

pieces myself questioning the wisdom of the intervention. He

:12:12.:12:16.

faced so much criticism on the home front but I think he was genuinely

:12:17.:12:21.

vindicated and he wants to show his critics but as far as he is

:12:21.:12:30.

concerned it works. It is not really surprising that he made such

:12:30.:12:35.

a big thing a bit in the speech. Most of the speech was devoted to

:12:35.:12:45.

the economy and it was interesting how incredibly up BT was. -- upbeat.

:12:45.:12:49.

It was a very strange speech from David Cameron today. I have seen

:12:49.:12:54.

him give some great speeches in his time. This was not one of them. At

:12:54.:12:59.

in its construction it was slightly shambolic but the most interesting

:12:59.:13:03.

passages were on the economy. The Tories in Britain have a real

:13:03.:13:07.

problem. They came into office essentially promising that if they

:13:07.:13:12.

cut the deficit that would restore Britain's economic fortunes and by

:13:12.:13:17.

now would be -- we would be seeing signs of growth. In fact things are

:13:17.:13:21.

heading in the opposite direction, growth today was downgraded for the

:13:22.:13:26.

first and second quarter again, so Britain is bumping along the bottom

:13:26.:13:29.

and heading possibly for a Japanese style period have lent the

:13:29.:13:37.

stagnation. What he was trying to do was to encourage the Brits to

:13:37.:13:43.

dig in and show some of that 1940 is can-do spirit of the Brits --

:13:43.:13:50.

the Blitz. I am not sure it worked. I think British people are quite

:13:50.:13:55.

cynicism about that and I think this beached failed because it did

:13:55.:14:05.
:14:05.:14:07.

not lay out a serious programme of reforms and the kind of economic

:14:07.:14:15.

changes required to kick-start growth. -- the speech failed.

:14:15.:14:19.

phrase he kept using was leadership, that you can lead your community,

:14:19.:14:29.
:14:29.:14:34.

Yes, the reason that the word leadership crops up so many times,

:14:34.:14:39.

I think it is something that is implied rather than pepping the

:14:39.:14:46.

speech with that. However, the Tory party in Britain, the Lib Dem

:14:46.:14:52.

coalition believe the leader of the coalition -- the opposition is

:14:52.:14:56.

extremely weak. The recent polling shows that the British public do

:14:57.:15:01.

not buy the idea of home as an alternative Prime Minister. So in

:15:02.:15:06.

those circumstances, Cameron wants to exploit that as much as possible

:15:06.:15:11.

and implied that he is the only head-and-shoulders above all of his

:15:11.:15:16.

rivals. Let's take a look at some of the

:15:16.:15:22.

other news: As civilian court and Bahrain has ordered the retrial of

:15:22.:15:25.

20 medical staff sentenced for aiding anti-government protesters.

:15:26.:15:32.

They were found guilty last week which included inciting the

:15:32.:15:33.

overthrow of the Government and Bahrain.

:15:33.:15:38.

Afghan intelligence officials have said they have uncovered a plot to

:15:38.:15:45.

kill the country's President. He is currently out of the country to a

:15:45.:15:50.

visit to India. Six people have been arrested them, one of them a

:15:50.:16:00.
:16:00.:16:04.

member of the President's staff. The women claiming to be the woman

:16:04.:16:08.

-- she had seen a report saying she had been beheaded. She said that

:16:08.:16:13.

last month Zainab al-Hosni had been killed and dismembered.

:16:13.:16:17.

The trial has begun of two Pakistani Test cricketers accused

:16:17.:16:23.

of taking bribes during a match against England. Salman Butt and

:16:23.:16:28.

Mohammed Asif are accused of taking money for her delivering no balls

:16:28.:16:36.

in last year's test. Both men have denied the charges.

:16:36.:16:41.

The ANC Government of South Africa has appealed to Archbishop Desmond

:16:41.:16:45.

Tutu to come down after you compared it to the apartheid regime.

:16:45.:16:50.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu has reacted angrily after Tibet's spiritual

:16:50.:16:55.

leader, the Dalai Lama, cancelled a trip to be at the Archbishop's 80th

:16:56.:17:00.

birthday celebrations, because he had not been granted an entry visa

:17:00.:17:07.

in time. Here is what he had to say yesterday. I am warning you, one

:17:07.:17:13.

day we will stand -- star praying for the defeat of the ANC

:17:13.:17:23.
:17:23.:17:26.

Government. You are disgraceful! The Archbishop told the BBC's

:17:26.:17:29.

Southern Africa correspondent today that he may have spoken out hastily

:17:29.:17:37.

but he stood by his argument. think we have just portrayed our

:17:37.:17:47.
:17:47.:17:52.

struggle. You are a sad man today? I am. I am sad because there is a

:17:52.:18:01.

part of me that keeps saying it hasn't happened. It is just a very

:18:01.:18:11.
:18:11.:18:11.

bad nightmare. And this is the second time. It is the second time

:18:11.:18:19.

that this wonderful person has been forbidden to come to our country.

:18:20.:18:23.

EU have been very strident about your comments on the ruling party.

:18:23.:18:29.

Do you regret having said that one day you will be praying for the

:18:29.:18:38.

demise of the ANC? I said that if they continue in this way, then

:18:38.:18:47.

they are following the path of their predecessors. And I would

:18:47.:18:55.

certainly, if they did that, pray for their demise. The ruling party

:18:55.:19:02.

has called a new to come down. How do you respond to that? Today I am

:19:02.:19:09.

going to count up to 10 and take a deep breath and not get too upset.

:19:09.:19:18.

But I know I was very angry. I am just up -- shock to see how angry I

:19:18.:19:27.

was from the pictures. But I think it was justified. They continue to

:19:27.:19:32.

treat us like little children. The deputy President says no this thing

:19:32.:19:41.

was in the pipeline. This is not two months before the visit. It is

:19:41.:19:48.

amahs before he is due to leave. -- it is our worst. Who will believe

:19:48.:19:58.
:19:58.:20:04.

that? A1 of the runaway hits of this

:20:04.:20:09.

summer in New York has not been on Bradley. It has been at out a most

:20:09.:20:12.

unusual park which is attracting millions of visitors from all

:20:12.:20:17.

around the world. The Inside story of the newer city's so-called Park

:20:17.:20:23.

In The Sky is about to be told another cult of High Line. I like

:20:23.:20:29.

about where you sit and look at the traffic. I think it is a wonderful

:20:29.:20:39.
:20:39.:20:40.

Shangri-La in the middle of this wonderful city. The story Of the

:20:40.:20:45.

High Line is a highly improbable one. It is the story of two young

:20:45.:20:49.

New Yorkers with no experience in urban planning, architecture of the

:20:49.:20:55.

rough and tumble of city politics, turning a derelict elevated railway

:20:55.:21:05.
:21:05.:21:05.

line into a unique park. I am a dreamer but I never dreamed it

:21:05.:21:10.

would be the successful. In some ways, I did not believe it until we

:21:10.:21:14.

opened. I knew there were so many pieces that could follow park.

:21:14.:21:21.

Legal, planning, community issues. Robert Hammond, and his co-founder

:21:21.:21:25.

Joshua David have devoted more than a decade of their lives to the High

:21:25.:21:29.

Line project. Inspired by a rusting structure on the verge of being

:21:29.:21:35.

torn down. Here we wanted to design it to be interesting and unique and

:21:35.:21:39.

as unusual as the structure itself. I loved what it was like before we

:21:39.:21:47.

build anything up here. Photographs taken at the time and soon-to-be-

:21:47.:21:53.

published any book on the High Line, capture this wild landscape that

:21:53.:22:01.

the park architects made a part of their design. It has been winning

:22:01.:22:06.

awards from urban planners around the world. I think the High Line is

:22:06.:22:11.

the best new public space we have had in New York in a long time. It

:22:11.:22:15.

merges the idea of the streets, which is the quintessential New

:22:15.:22:22.

Year public space, it merges the idea of the street with the idea of

:22:22.:22:26.

the park. One of the reason that people are excited because it is a

:22:26.:22:32.

new kind of public space. The High Line has been a venue for all

:22:32.:22:37.

manner of events, a 3 million people are expected to visit of the

:22:37.:22:43.

course of the year. -- and 3 million people. It's close people

:22:44.:22:50.

down and I think that is one of the secrets to its success. -- it slows

:22:50.:23:00.
:23:00.:23:04.

people down. He is an inspiration to disabled

:23:04.:23:07.

people everywhere. Philippe Croizon was the first disabled person to

:23:07.:23:11.

swim the Channel. Now he is attending an attempt to swim the

:23:11.:23:17.

four Straits, and between the passage between New Guinea and

:23:17.:23:24.

Indonesia. He is doing it with an able bodied slumber.

:23:24.:23:29.

From a distance, they look like any other Queen some -- Jeanne Summers.

:23:29.:23:34.

There is nothing unique about filly croissant. Beneath the water, you

:23:34.:23:44.
:23:44.:23:48.

can see why. -- fairly quiet song. -- filly cries on. Its use them to

:23:48.:23:53.

a metal ladder. Today, thanks to special adapted flippers that

:23:53.:23:59.

propel him through the water, he is proving an inspiration to disabled

:23:59.:24:07.

people everywhere. They had has amputated my left leg, I was pretty

:24:07.:24:13.

depressed. Then I saw a woman on the television swimming the Channel.

:24:13.:24:18.

Something I had not known until then. I thought, while, why can't I

:24:18.:24:24.

do that. And he did. After gruelling hours in the pool, he

:24:24.:24:28.

became the first limbless mantissa and the Channel. Only 900 able-

:24:28.:24:34.

bodied people had done it before them. Now beside a friend, he plans

:24:34.:24:39.

to cross four Straits between five continents. Next year, the pair

:24:39.:24:45.

were also run the icy bearing seed, the shark-infested Gulf of Akabar,

:24:45.:24:49.

the straits between Gibraltar and Morocco and Papua New Guinea and

:24:49.:24:56.

Indonesia. Only one able-bodied swimmer has a ever completed the

:24:56.:25:00.

streets in the same year. They hope to break the record by swimming

:25:00.:25:05.

them in four months. In total, it is 85 kilometres around 40 are

:25:05.:25:12.

slumming. In some very strong currents. -- 40 I was swimming. He

:25:12.:25:16.

swims at half the speed of our know. They're learning to synchronise

:25:16.:25:21.

their efforts. For now, the biggest challenge will be to find a sponsor.

:25:21.:25:26.

They still need have a million Euros to fund the trip. We help

:25:26.:25:31.

each other. He does what I do and I do what he does. And when East won

:25:31.:25:34.

together between the five continents, we overcome the

:25:34.:25:39.

differences between us. We are equal. Few have overcome challenges

:25:39.:25:45.

like he has, whether it is coping with everyday life, swimming were

:25:45.:25:51.

taking to the air. This was his first time hot air ballooning. He

:25:51.:25:58.

is an extraordinary Frenchman for whom this guy really is the limit.

:25:58.:26:05.

-- this guy. The British folk musician Bert

:26:05.:26:10.

Jansch has died aged 67 after a long battle with cancer. He was a

:26:10.:26:14.

member of the ground-breaking folk band Pentangle and it was there

:26:14.:26:19.

that he first achieved recognition in the late 60s. Bert Jansch was

:26:19.:26:23.

considered to be one of the leading guitarists of his generation. Neil

:26:23.:26:28.

Young once said that he did for the acoustic guard -- guitar what Jimi

:26:28.:26:36.

Hendrix had done for the electric. That is all from me. Let me leave

:26:36.:26:46.
:26:46.:27:02.

you with the sound of Bert Jansch. Hello. It has been a blustery day

:27:02.:27:05.

across the country and we will see the cloud and rain clearing away

:27:05.:27:10.

from the south, leaving behind some colder weather tomorrow, along with

:27:10.:27:16.

some showers. Another very windy Is the Whether fund that is moving

:27:16.:27:23.

through. The source of our air is all the way back towards Iceland. A

:27:23.:27:29.

different feel to the day tomorrow. The showers are frequent, heavy. We

:27:29.:27:33.

will see some hail and thunder at times, combined with some strong

:27:33.:27:43.
:27:43.:27:43.

winds. Gusting at 50 mph at times. Temperatures of just 15 to 16

:27:43.:27:48.

Celsius. Here we will see some heavy downpours at times. 13, the

:27:48.:27:55.

top temperature. Across Wales, we will see some strong winds, maybe

:27:55.:28:00.

up to 60 mph. North-west England and Northern Ireland are in the

:28:00.:28:04.

firing line for the stronger winds through the afternoon. Here the

:28:04.:28:10.

showers are likely to have some hail extend. Into Scotland,

:28:10.:28:16.

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