24/10/2011 World News Today


24/10/2011

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This as a BBC World News today. At least 268 dead and the death toll

:00:19.:00:25.

likely to arise. A frantic search for survivors after the earthquake

:00:25.:00:30.

in eastern Turkey. More than 1,000 are injured and many others remain

:00:30.:00:35.

unaccounted for. Their great concern is that many people who

:00:35.:00:38.

survived the earthquake may not have survived the freezing

:00:38.:00:45.

temperatures last night. A free and fair democratic vote -

:00:45.:00:51.

international observers hail the success of the Tunisian election.

:00:51.:00:56.

A backbench rebellion for David Cameron, who insists that the UK as

:00:56.:01:02.

that a heart of the European Union. When your neighbour's house is on

:01:03.:01:09.

fire your first impulse should be to help them put out the flames.

:01:09.:01:15.

And a poignant story of a maternity hospital next up. The two young

:01:15.:01:20.

girls swapped at birth. Now the best of friends, although with the

:01:20.:01:26.

divided loyalties. And the Adventures of Tintin are

:01:26.:01:31.

taken to another dimension. But just what has Hollywood done to the

:01:31.:01:41.
:01:41.:01:49.

Good evening. Turkey, sadly, is a country which is no stranger to

:01:49.:01:55.

earthquakes. And the 7.2 earthquake which hit the city of Van on Sunday

:01:55.:02:05.

has left at least 268 dead. Rescues are struggling to reach victims. --

:02:05.:02:14.

rescuers. Our correspondent has this report. Hammering, cloying,

:02:14.:02:21.

cutting. Pulling frantically at the ruins of reinforced apartment

:02:21.:02:31.
:02:31.:02:33.

At the centre of the rescue effort is a 29 year-old man trapped

:02:33.:02:38.

beneath the rubble and pinned between a car and a wall. He has

:02:38.:02:43.

been there for over 24 hours. Amongst those attempting to get him

:02:43.:02:49.

out are his brothers. They form a human chain and pass source hands

:02:49.:02:59.

full of rubble away from their injured brother. -- sauce pans. We

:02:59.:03:09.
:03:09.:03:11.

have all been here since yesterday. We slept in the car overnight.

:03:11.:03:16.

This young girl is also one of the collapsed flats. Her uncle told me

:03:16.:03:20.

she was out playing at the time of the earthquake and nobody has heard

:03:20.:03:29.

from her since. My sister's husband is dead. We by

:03:29.:03:33.

Reda Hanna and then just got back here and there are hoping that the

:03:33.:03:43.
:03:43.:03:52.

code will come out. -- we buried him and are hoping the kid will

:03:52.:04:02.
:04:02.:04:02.

come out. This toddler war is pulled out alive.

:04:02.:04:09.

CCTV footage shows the moment that the earthquake struck. A full scale

:04:09.:04:15.

aid operation is underway. Encampments have been set up for

:04:15.:04:24.

the homeless. But with the rescues, including that of the 29 year-old,

:04:24.:04:29.

going on into a second night, many people are choosing to sleep

:04:29.:04:36.

outside in order to be close to trapped relatives. He our

:04:36.:04:44.

correspondent joins us now. You are in the city of Ercis. Give us an

:04:44.:04:52.

update. I can tell you that the 29 year-old man we were talking about

:04:52.:04:58.

has been freed. Just within the last hour. We watched as he was

:04:58.:05:03.

taken out of the pile of or rubble and handed down through it to the

:05:03.:05:13.
:05:13.:05:15.

rows of the volunteers. His mother was weeping openly. A son everybody

:05:15.:05:25.
:05:25.:05:27.

thought was a lost 24 hours ago, brought back to life almost.

:05:27.:05:33.

Some of the area is mountainous rural territory. That must be

:05:33.:05:40.

making it harder for the rescuers. The rescue effort has been focused

:05:40.:05:45.

on the city of Van and here at the Ercis. We do not know about the

:05:45.:05:51.

outlying villages but there has clearly been damage to village

:05:51.:05:56.

houses. But the death toll may be law in those villages because

:05:56.:06:01.

people live in a single houses rather than multi-storey apartment

:06:01.:06:11.
:06:11.:06:14.

blocks. -- may be lower. The real issue is the cold temperatures. It

:06:14.:06:19.

could be Sub Zero tonight. Better late, bitterly cold. Snow believed

:06:19.:06:29.
:06:29.:06:31.

to be on its way. So far the authorities are saying

:06:31.:06:39.

they can cope. Is that the situation as you can see it?

:06:39.:06:45.

In all honesty it looks like they are on top of it. Clearly aid is

:06:45.:06:53.

being delivered. We saw it on huge lorries. Food parcels, water. The

:06:53.:06:59.

aid situation is not critical at the moment. As far as the

:06:59.:07:04.

earthquake Turkey has faced in the past go, this is relatively minor.

:07:04.:07:07.

They are quite proud that they are handling this themselves at the

:07:07.:07:13.

moment. If there will be -- if there were to be some big changes

:07:13.:07:23.
:07:23.:07:24.

they might request international Thank you very much. Daniel

:07:24.:07:28.

Reporting there from the town of Van, near where the earthquake hit

:07:28.:07:38.
:07:38.:07:39.

in the town of Van. -- reporting The National Transitional Council

:07:39.:07:48.

in Libya have removed Colonel Gadaffi's body from public display

:07:48.:07:56.

and his writer. The senior US diplomat to Syria has

:07:56.:08:02.

been withdrawn amidst fears for his safety. Opposition figures are

:08:02.:08:07.

still calling for the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad. Syria

:08:07.:08:14.

has withdrawn its ambassador from Washington.

:08:14.:08:18.

Flooding in Thailand could last another six weeks. More residence

:08:18.:08:22.

in and around Bangkok have been told to head for higher ground.

:08:22.:08:31.

More than 350 have died across the country so far.

:08:31.:08:35.

Wikileaks say that they are suspending publishing operations

:08:35.:08:40.

because of financial problems. The move follows what the group calls a

:08:40.:08:43.

financial blockade from US companies after it published

:08:43.:08:47.

hundreds of thousands of secret American government files and

:08:47.:08:56.

diplomatic cables. Tunisia is once again leading the

:08:56.:09:02.

way in the revolutions which sparked in the Arab world this year.

:09:02.:09:07.

Voting is underway for an assembly to appoint an interim president and

:09:07.:09:11.

a draft a fresh constitution. Authorities say that 90% of

:09:11.:09:17.

registered voters took part in the poll. There were more than 100

:09:17.:09:22.

party's standing. It is the first free election to emerge from this

:09:22.:09:28.

year's Arab uprisings. The Islamist party, Ennahda, is expected to make

:09:28.:09:33.

the strongest showing. I am joined now by a professor of politics from

:09:33.:09:39.

Tunis University. It looks more like a festival than an election.

:09:39.:09:49.
:09:49.:09:50.

Tell us about the mood surrounding these first free elections.

:09:50.:09:56.

It is a celebration of the revolution. Three elections for the

:09:56.:10:01.

first time. Yesterday, whilst a voting, the massive participation

:10:01.:10:08.

of people, there, the voters, they were all in a kind mood. It went

:10:08.:10:15.

smoothly and peacefully. I was there as was every Tunisian. We

:10:15.:10:21.

were celebrating, despite it being ahead of the outcome of the results.

:10:21.:10:25.

But in terms of happiness, the feeling of achievement, it was

:10:25.:10:33.

definitely something for our democracy. As individuals. So, yes,

:10:33.:10:43.
:10:43.:10:45.

it is true to say that we were celebrating democracy yesterday.

:10:45.:10:49.

Only 50% of those eligible to vote registered to vote - does that hint

:10:49.:10:59.
:10:59.:11:00.

at scepticism in regards to what politicians can deliver?

:11:00.:11:04.

If you are talking about those who are not registered on the last I

:11:04.:11:14.
:11:14.:11:17.

think it really was a matter of choice. -- registered on the list.

:11:17.:11:23.

Yesterday, for instance, there were hundreds of people who had not

:11:23.:11:28.

taken part in the voting but still, it was a matter of personal choice.

:11:28.:11:37.

It was not down to the process itself.

:11:37.:11:43.

Reports that the moderate Islamist party, Ennahda, perhaps has as much

:11:43.:11:48.

as 30% of the vote. Does that suggest Tunisian democracy will

:11:48.:11:58.
:11:58.:11:59.

have an Islamist tinge? Everyone expected an Islamist party

:11:59.:12:03.

would take the lead in the elections. That can be explained by

:12:03.:12:07.

the fact that we have experienced a different model of government here

:12:07.:12:14.

in Tunisia. It was, maybe for the people here, time to choose the

:12:14.:12:19.

Islamists. To give them a chance to govern the country. But now the

:12:19.:12:28.

chance is to know whether Ennahda or those -- to know whether Ennahda

:12:28.:12:32.

will play by the rules of the democratic game. This is the main

:12:32.:12:37.

concern of the people here in Tunisia. Mainly the secular and

:12:37.:12:46.

modern parties. Ennahda will have no choice but to

:12:46.:12:56.
:12:56.:12:58.

enter into a coalition with secular parties, will it not?

:12:58.:13:03.

The thing about coalition is that we need a basis to govern the

:13:03.:13:09.

country. So this is a twofold question. This constituent assembly

:13:09.:13:13.

was called to the elaborate on a constitution, to draft a

:13:13.:13:19.

constitution. So if we make a constitution on the basis of common

:13:19.:13:26.

programmes then on an objective basis this would be a good thing.

:13:26.:13:30.

Even a hoped-for outcome. If it is to govern the country, which is the

:13:30.:13:35.

other aspect of the problem, then we have to respect the role of

:13:36.:13:41.

majorities and minorities. The majority will rule and the me now

:13:41.:13:46.

or the Tate will play its role as a minority and an opponent. -- the

:13:46.:13:56.
:13:56.:14:01.

The spectre of Europe has haunted the Conservatives for years and led

:14:01.:14:05.

to end fighting and an undermining of the ability of Conservative

:14:05.:14:09.

prime ministers to govern. Europe is again proving a challenge to

:14:09.:14:15.

David Cameron's leadership as he faces a possible revolt of 70 MPs

:14:15.:14:24.

on the topic of A E U referendum. - - and he you referendum. As he

:14:24.:14:29.

addressed the House of Commons he said that the timing for such a

:14:29.:14:39.
:14:39.:14:40.

vote was wrong given the current economic crisis.

:14:40.:14:44.

When your neighbour's house is on fire your first impulse should be

:14:44.:14:48.

to put out the flames, if only to stop the flames reaching the your

:14:48.:14:53.

own house. This is not the time for arguments about walking away - not

:14:53.:14:59.

for their sake, for hours. And crucially, by raising the prospect

:14:59.:15:05.

of a referendum we may miss the real opportunity to further our

:15:05.:15:09.

national interest. Fundamental questions are being asked about the

:15:09.:15:14.

future of the Euro zone and the shape of the EU itself.

:15:14.:15:18.

Opportunities to advance hour national interest are clearly

:15:18.:15:23.

apparent. We should make the most of this and not pursue a

:15:23.:15:33.
:15:33.:15:38.

parliamentary process for a We are joined by a big two. What

:15:38.:15:45.

was the point of this debate? It is just symbolism, isn't it, by the

:15:45.:15:50.

Euro-sceptics? It puts into the blood scream -- blood screened the

:15:50.:15:55.

fact that the public must be consulted this time. We have an

:15:55.:15:57.

unsatisfactory relationship with the European Union that pretty much

:15:57.:16:07.
:16:07.:16:08.

everybody wants to change. There is now an opportunity to do that.

:16:08.:16:12.

do you know everybody wants to change? I am in business. I am not

:16:12.:16:16.

an MP any more but the people that I meet wanted change our

:16:16.:16:23.

relationship. We are not self governing any more. The crucial

:16:23.:16:28.

element is to ask people what they want. In a democracy, that is what

:16:28.:16:33.

it is all about. The concept of a referendum must be right. But would

:16:33.:16:39.

you like to see a proper one? would. I do not want and in or out

:16:39.:16:42.

a referendum, because we should always have a relationship with

:16:42.:16:47.

Europe but it should be based on trade, Corporation adopting into

:16:47.:16:52.

things we want. You don't think the operations -- opt-outs that Britain

:16:52.:16:56.

has at the moment are enough? You want to go back to the old Free

:16:56.:17:03.

Trade? Three trade plus. A don't you think the eurozone crisis has

:17:03.:17:09.

made Euro-sceptics out of a lot of people, and that people like you

:17:09.:17:12.

might feel a bit more comfortable in that kind of a union where

:17:12.:17:17.

everyone is a bit more sceptic? least we stayed out of the euro.

:17:17.:17:20.

But this is all the more reason to listen to some dissident voices on

:17:20.:17:28.

the backbenches, who have maybe got valid views on what we want out of

:17:28.:17:32.

Europe. There is an element of public consent, which we have not

:17:32.:17:37.

got. People have not been asked and that is wrong. What about David

:17:37.:17:46.

Cameron's response to this? it could have been a harmless

:17:46.:17:50.

backbench debate, people say. has got the talent and

:17:50.:17:54.

determination to do it but he needs behind him a public that wants to

:17:54.:17:59.

make the change. Therefore I think that he should not be scared of the

:17:59.:18:04.

very idea of having a referendum. This is only advisory. This vote is

:18:04.:18:08.

not going to call a referendum. The timing and wording of that

:18:08.:18:12.

referendum would still be chosen by the government. But instead of that,

:18:12.:18:15.

he is making rebels out of people who are only speaking for the

:18:15.:18:20.

majority of the country. I think that is a mistake for the

:18:20.:18:25.

Conservative Party. They ought to be grasping this opportunity. It is

:18:26.:18:29.

going to torment British politics for ever unless we resolve it and

:18:29.:18:34.

here is an opportunity. Now for a poignant story about two

:18:34.:18:39.

young girls and their families. Police in Russia investigating a

:18:39.:18:45.

maternity hospital after it emerged that two babies had been mixed up

:18:45.:18:51.

at birth 12 years ago. From the town of Kopeisk, 80 rather details.

:18:51.:18:55.

Family photos normally bring back happy memories, but for Yulia

:18:55.:19:00.

Belyaeva the past has turned into a nightmare. She has discovered that

:19:00.:19:03.

her 12-year-old daughter Irina, the girl she thought she had given

:19:03.:19:10.

birth to, is not a child. TRANSLATION: My ex-husband refused

:19:11.:19:18.

to pay maintenance. I took him to court to prove that he was Irina's

:19:18.:19:24.

father. The DNA test results were a total surprise. It not only did my

:19:24.:19:28.

ex-husband have no biological been to Irina, but neither do I. Police

:19:28.:19:33.

believe that 12 years ago, there was a terrible mix-up at the local

:19:33.:19:36.

maternity hospital, where two babies were given the wrong name

:19:36.:19:41.

tags and the wrong parents. TRANSLATION: At first, I thought it

:19:41.:19:45.

was a joke but then I could not stop crying. My whole world had

:19:45.:19:50.

turned upside down. If Yulia Belyaeva had been given the wrong

:19:50.:19:55.

baby, then where was her real daughter? She was desperate to find

:19:55.:19:59.

out, so she went to the police and they began their search for her

:19:59.:20:03.

biological child. Within weeks, they had found her, living just a

:20:03.:20:09.

few miles away, in this house. Anya had been brought up a devout Muslim.

:20:09.:20:13.

She thought her father was Naimat Iskanderov. When the police told

:20:13.:20:17.

him about the mistake at the maternity hospital, he did not want

:20:17.:20:25.

to believe it. TRANSLATION: The detective showed me a photo of the

:20:25.:20:30.

other girl, Irina it, the one they said was my real daughter. When I

:20:30.:20:35.

saw her face, it was like seeing myself. The two families are

:20:35.:20:39.

getting to know each other, but after a lifetime apart it is not

:20:39.:20:46.

easy. TRANSLATION: I try to show at Anya motherly love but she does not

:20:46.:20:50.

accept it. When your own daughter treats you like a stranger, that is

:20:50.:20:57.

so painful. The girls say they do not want to swap parents and are

:20:57.:21:05.

just happy to have found each other. TRANSLATION: We were a bit shy at

:21:05.:21:11.

first, but we are now the best of friends. They were born 15 minutes

:21:11.:21:14.

apart. Now the truth about what happened in hospital has brought

:21:14.:21:23.

them together. What an amazing story.

:21:23.:21:27.

He made Jaws, Close Encounters, Indiana Jones and Schindler's List

:21:27.:21:31.

to name but a few but now Steven Spielberg says his latest film, The

:21:31.:21:35.

Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn, is one of his most

:21:35.:21:41.

challenging. He is describing his first fully animated movie has a 28

:21:41.:21:46.

EDL labour of love. He has been speaking exclusively to the BBC are

:21:46.:21:53.

all about it. -- 28 a year. A world famous comic-book hero,

:21:53.:21:57.

visualised by a world-famous director. Filled with typical

:21:57.:22:05.

Spielberg flourishes and elaborate set-pieces. Before he lost

:22:05.:22:09.

consciousness, he tried to tell me something. He has stretched on

:22:09.:22:13.

technology further than before. As a result, he regards this as the

:22:13.:22:20.

biggest challenge he has faced in his 40 year Korea. Never have I

:22:20.:22:25.

just made a purely animated movie until now. Three years of active

:22:25.:22:33.

animation, and so not being a part of that universe until now I found

:22:33.:22:37.

difficult. I was able to make two movies while they were animating

:22:37.:22:45.

Tintin. The he has used technology using sensors to capture actors'

:22:45.:22:49.

movements. That is used as a guide to recreate the character's

:22:49.:22:52.

performance on screen, enabling him to make a film he has wanted to

:22:52.:22:57.

make for nearly 30 years. I was waiting for technology to come

:22:57.:23:03.

along that would better equip the style of my adaptation to the style

:23:03.:23:09.

of Herge's illustrations. It was as -- important to me to be as close

:23:09.:23:14.

to the original as possible. stories inspire huge infection and

:23:14.:23:19.

the reviews so far have been mixed, some applauding Spielberg's

:23:19.:23:22.

adaptation, but others are thinking it does not do justice to the

:23:22.:23:31.

original. He if they had gone for live action, it might have worked.

:23:31.:23:35.

Of the problem by using performance capture is that the actors feel

:23:35.:23:38.

eyrie and weightless and it detracts from the slapstick that is

:23:39.:23:43.

important to be tumour. Spielberg practically invented the computer-

:23:43.:23:48.

enhanced Blockbuster with Jurassic Park's computer at enhance to

:23:48.:23:55.

dinosaurs. Audiences will us decide whether this is a similar success.

:23:55.:23:59.

What do Belton's make of Tintin's Hollywood treatment? Let's get the

:23:59.:24:05.

view of one at least. We are joined by a bee film critic and Tintin fan

:24:05.:24:11.

Hugues Dayez. Tintin is a very famous Belgian export - are you

:24:12.:24:16.

happy with the fact he is getting the Hollywood treatment? We were

:24:16.:24:22.

very nervous and very curious, because it is a long story and a

:24:22.:24:31.

long adventure. But happily eat, when we saw the movie, the film

:24:31.:24:35.

critics and this Saturday the first fans since, there was a great joy

:24:35.:24:43.

in Brussels. We feel that there is much loved behind this story and we

:24:43.:24:47.

feel that Steven Spielberg tries really to understand this all of

:24:47.:24:57.
:24:57.:24:57.

this Belgian myth -- the soul. You explained in the images I saw that

:24:57.:25:03.

the technique is the key. The performance capture is a good

:25:03.:25:11.

mixture between realism and poetry. In the world of Herge, it is that a

:25:11.:25:16.

mixture - this hybrid world between realist backgrounds and fantasy

:25:16.:25:25.

characters. This technique allows one to put on screen the world and

:25:25.:25:32.

the salt of Jose. -- of Herge. there a sense that one of the

:25:32.:25:34.

world's most successful comic book characters should have stayed as

:25:34.:25:42.

just that? I think the big challenge of the movie is not the

:25:42.:25:46.

European audience. In Europe, France and Belgium, I think it will

:25:47.:25:53.

be a huge hit. The great question mark is about the state. In the

:25:53.:25:59.

States, Tintin is completely unknown. What will be the success

:25:59.:26:07.

of the movie at the box-office? Large audiences don't know it

:26:07.:26:13.

Tintin and this retro world. We will discover that at Christmas

:26:13.:26:16.

because at Christmas, the movie will be released in the United

:26:16.:26:22.

States. I think that in the United States, they will put their name of

:26:22.:26:26.

Spielberg and the name of the producer, Peter Jackson, first,

:26:26.:26:32.

before Tintin. Clearly, you like the film - one Belgian who does.

:26:32.:26:37.

Thank you for talking to us. A reminder of our main used: Turkey's

:26:37.:26:41.

government says more than 260 people were killed by the

:26:41.:26:46.

earthquake that hit the east of the country on Sunday.

:26:46.:26:50.

Rescue work is continuing as emergency services try to reach

:26:50.:26:53.

victims trapped under collapsed buildings.

:26:53.:27:03.
:27:03.:27:03.

That's it. Next, the weather. We have seen some very heavy

:27:03.:27:08.

rainfall today across western areas of the UK. Some places have seen up

:27:08.:27:13.

to 50 mm of rain macro and we still have an amber warning out four per

:27:13.:27:20.

there are persistent rain. -- for further persistent rain. On Tuesday,

:27:20.:27:25.

a very different looking day. A wet start through eastern areas of

:27:25.:27:30.

England but much drier further west. In parts of Norfolk, Lincolnshire

:27:30.:27:36.

and Yorkshire, things turn dry and bright after eight wet start.

:27:36.:27:41.

South-westerly winds not as strong as today allowing temperatures up

:27:41.:27:46.

to 16 degrees. The south-westerly winds will continue to bring the

:27:46.:27:50.

risk of a few showers through the afternoon. Scattered showers and

:27:50.:27:55.

then sunshine returns behind. Across much of Wales, a few showers

:27:55.:28:00.

around but the positive is that it is a much drier day for Tuesday.

:28:00.:28:04.

Much drier across Northern Ireland, too, but with the risk of further

:28:05.:28:10.

showers. For Scotland, central and southern areas fairly cloudy. The

:28:10.:28:13.

north-east windy with that rain and it will be fairly persistent,

:28:13.:28:18.

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