25/10/2011 World News Today


25/10/2011

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A tale of miraculous survival in the devastation of the Turkey

:00:22.:00:27.

earthquake. A mother and her child are rescued.

:00:27.:00:32.

TRANSLATION: When the earth quake struck, my mother and daughter in

:00:32.:00:36.

law were with me. Colonel Gaddafi has finally been

:00:36.:00:41.

buried at a secret location in the Libyan desert.

:00:41.:00:45.

Italy's Government is threatened with collapse. They cannot agree on

:00:45.:00:49.

austerity measures. Shakespeare is in the limelight -

:00:49.:00:54.

did he really write off 36 plays attributed to him?

:00:54.:01:04.
:01:04.:01:06.

Comedy? By whom? By anonymous, your Majesty. Anonymous? I so admire his

:01:06.:01:11.

verse. A new film rewrites history

:01:11.:01:21.
:01:21.:01:28.

challenging the authorship of Rescue workers in Turkey have

:01:28.:01:33.

pulled a two week-old baby, her mother and her grandmother alive

:01:33.:01:38.

from the mountain of concrete that was once there home. It is two days

:01:38.:01:42.

since the earthquake struck this predominantly Kurdish area in the

:01:43.:01:47.

east. 430 people are known to have died. In the past few hours there

:01:47.:01:54.

has been a big aftershock in the same area. The epicentre is in the

:01:54.:02:01.

city of Van and Ercis from work Tim Wilcox reports.

:02:01.:02:07.

It is a day of great joy as well as sadness in Ercis today. It started

:02:07.:02:11.

with the discovery of three generations of one family. The

:02:11.:02:15.

first contact was made at noon, rescue workers dug this channel

:02:16.:02:23.

down to the apartment. The family of Azra, her mother and grandmother

:02:23.:02:29.

had been trapped underneath two sofas for the past 48 hours. One by

:02:29.:02:34.

one they were brought out into the open. Cheered and applauded by

:02:34.:02:38.

rescue workers and inhabitants of this town which has been hit so

:02:38.:02:43.

badly. Since then the news has not been so bright. Many more bodies

:02:43.:02:48.

have been recovered from the same apartment building. Work is

:02:48.:02:53.

continuing their tonight. You can see the machinery digging away at

:02:53.:02:58.

the piles of rubble which those rescue teams have now cleared in

:02:58.:03:04.

terms of being clear of any live bodies. The equipment is pulling

:03:04.:03:09.

double a way and as bodies are recovered, rescue workers bring

:03:10.:03:16.

them down. At least three has been found in the past hour. The rescue

:03:16.:03:25.

work continues. We have heard at about an hour's drive away from

:03:25.:03:31.

here a ten-year-old boy was found in the rubble of his house. But

:03:31.:03:34.

despite the lift of finding three generations of one family, the rest

:03:34.:03:42.

of the people they find it will unfortunately be dead.

:03:42.:03:45.

The third day of this rescue operation began in the best

:03:45.:03:54.

possible way. Is 16 day-old baby was gently brought out through a

:03:54.:04:04.

tiny hole in the broken concrete. Azra was premature and had been

:04:04.:04:09.

born a month early. And then, two weeks into her life, she had only

:04:09.:04:14.

just escaped death. With the tiny baby now safely on its way to

:04:14.:04:18.

hospital, rescuers are working hard to bring out through the same small

:04:18.:04:24.

gap, its mother and grandmother, both of whom are still alive. In

:04:24.:04:30.

the crowd, sheltering from the cold and the rain, we found the baby's

:04:31.:04:34.

grandfather nervously waiting for news of his wife and daughter-in-

:04:34.:04:38.

law. TRANSLATION: At the moment the

:04:38.:04:42.

earthquake struck my wife and daughter-in-law were with me, but

:04:42.:04:47.

the baby was in another room. We ran to leave the building but then

:04:47.:04:51.

they rush back inside to lead the - - rescue the baby. I have been

:04:51.:04:57.

waiting for a miracle. For the next few hours, the rescue

:04:57.:05:01.

teams expand at the hole in the rubble, working their way towards

:05:01.:05:11.

the two trapped women. This man told me they could not bring the

:05:11.:05:19.

women out. Then the breakthrough. The baby's mother, Semiha was

:05:19.:05:26.

brought out and carefully carried down to safely. 10 minutes later,

:05:26.:05:36.
:05:36.:05:36.

the baby's grandmother, Sevim Yigit was also brought out alive. Azra is

:05:36.:05:41.

in an incubator and has been taken away for treatment at a specialist

:05:41.:05:49.

hospital. Doctors say she is doing well and better than expected. But

:05:49.:05:55.

her family is not complete. Her father has not been heard from

:05:55.:05:58.

since the earthquake struck. Like hundreds of others, he is still

:05:58.:06:03.

under the rubble. Exhausting rescue effort continues.

:06:03.:06:09.

In the past couple of hours it has been hampered by a huge aftershock

:06:09.:06:14.

measuring 5.4, cars and buildings wobbled in the aftershock. Many

:06:14.:06:18.

people ran out into the streets in panic, fearful about what could

:06:18.:06:24.

happen next. Does rescue workers stopped for five minutes when the

:06:24.:06:28.

aftershock happened. You see the building behind me, in the

:06:28.:06:33.

background, it is a listing to the left and it has shifted several

:06:33.:06:39.

inches more to the left, making it even more precarious. The

:06:39.:06:45.

rebuilding of this town is going to take some time.

:06:45.:06:50.

We can now look at some other news. Official results from Tunisia's

:06:50.:06:54.

first free election showed the moderate Islamist party has taken

:06:54.:07:02.

the lead and is on track to win most seats in the new assembly. The

:07:02.:07:10.

electoral Commission said the left wing party looks like it will take

:07:10.:07:16.

second place. Gunfire and explosions have been

:07:16.:07:21.

heard in the Yemeni capital despite the announcement of a new ceasefire.

:07:21.:07:27.

Government sources say the deal was agreed by the President and the

:07:27.:07:36.

general backing the mission. Advancing floodwaters in Thailand

:07:36.:07:43.

have breached the barriers protecting Bangkok's second largest

:07:43.:07:47.

airport. The capital could be swamped by up to 1.5 metres of

:07:47.:07:52.

water. Cosmic mystery that battles --

:07:52.:07:59.

baffled astronomers in ancient China might have been solved. In

:07:59.:08:05.

185 AD, an exploding star, a Super Nova lit up the sky Fage months.

:08:05.:08:13.

Astronomers say they may have been able to explain why it expanded so

:08:13.:08:19.

rapidly. It is 88,000 light years from us.

:08:19.:08:26.

After five days of display, Colonel Gaddafi's body has been buried.

:08:26.:08:30.

Libya's National Transitional Council confirmed the colonel and

:08:30.:08:33.

his son, Mutassim Gaddafi have been buried at a secret location in the

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desert. Became at night to take the corpses

:08:41.:08:45.

away from the market complex on the outskirts of Misrata. For days, the

:08:45.:08:50.

former Libyan leader had been on display, and prayers we were told

:08:50.:08:55.

was said over the bodies. But no more details were forthcoming about

:08:55.:09:01.

where and how the burial took place. Libya's new rulers do not want the

:09:01.:09:04.

final resting place to become a shrine for those who supported his

:09:04.:09:09.

regime, nor do they wish to see his grave become a focal point for the

:09:09.:09:12.

kind of frenzied fury that surrounded his capture and killing

:09:12.:09:17.

outside his home town of Sirte on Thursday.

:09:17.:09:22.

TRANSLATION: If the group of resolution Aires capture her killer,

:09:22.:09:27.

or will they kiss his head? We want to tackle this issue naturally and

:09:28.:09:33.

put it in a political framework. Abroad, there are questions being

:09:33.:09:38.

asked about the manner of his death and the long delay to the burial,

:09:38.:09:42.

contrary to Islamic custom. In Libya, few are concerned or

:09:42.:09:48.

sympathetic. This is the freezer compartments were for four days,

:09:48.:09:53.

Colonel Gaddafi's body had been on display, lying on this piece of

:09:53.:09:59.

plastic sheeting. People queuing up to see with their own eyes. Now

:09:59.:10:04.

they're gone, his body is in the ground and the spectacle is over

:10:04.:10:08.

and Libya can start looking towards the future, rather than the past.

:10:08.:10:13.

In Tripoli, as elsewhere, the euphoria of the past few days has

:10:13.:10:17.

given away to a more measured practical mood. Life must now

:10:17.:10:23.

return to some sort of normality. TRANSLATION: We feel our world is

:10:23.:10:27.

safe now. Even though there are checkpoints, we feel the people

:10:27.:10:32.

manning them are respectable. Different to Colonel Gaddafi

:10:32.:10:37.

brigades. A line has been drawn in laying to

:10:37.:10:42.

rest the body of Colonel Gaddafi, Libya hopes to exorcise the ghosts

:10:42.:10:46.

of the past four days and turn to the hard work of building a

:10:46.:10:53.

brighter future. With less than 20 var hours to go

:10:53.:10:59.

before an EU summit on the debt crisis, Italy's Prime Minister,

:10:59.:11:02.

Silvio Berlusconi has been struggling to pass austerity

:11:02.:11:07.

measures through the Italian Assembly. His European partners are

:11:07.:11:12.

demanding concrete action before the meeting tomorrow. With Rome

:11:12.:11:16.

perhaps unable to agree economic reforms, the deadlock could force

:11:16.:11:24.

him to step down. Silvio Berlusconi is manoeuvring

:11:24.:11:28.

desperately for his survival. He is poised between a rock and a hard

:11:28.:11:33.

place. The rock is the ultimatum he has received from Brussels. The

:11:33.:11:39.

hard place is his coalition partner Umberto Bossi, head of the Northern

:11:39.:11:44.

League. He was explicit about his demands are unquestioned by

:11:44.:11:54.
:11:54.:11:54.

reporters outside Parliament today. TRANSLATION: To retire at 67,

:11:54.:11:59.

cancel old age pension, is not possible. Our pension system is in

:11:59.:12:04.

better shape than France and Germany and we cannot make the

:12:04.:12:09.

retirement age 67 years. People will kill us. So far, the Italian

:12:09.:12:14.

leader has failed to get Umberto Bossi to agree to the immediate

:12:14.:12:20.

fiscal and welfare reforms demanded by the EU. Yet, Mr Berlusconi has

:12:20.:12:24.

been solemnly warned that he cannot return to Brussels to the next EU

:12:24.:12:31.

summit on Wednesday empty-handed. We are in uncharted waters. It has

:12:31.:12:36.

been clear for decades there is tension between sovereign states

:12:36.:12:40.

and the European Union. This is the first time I think there has been a

:12:40.:12:46.

direct conflict, tension between a single leader of an EU company and

:12:46.:12:55.

a big leader -- the leader of a big country. For the first time, Mr

:12:55.:12:59.

Berlusconi has hinted he might step down after dominating Italian

:12:59.:13:04.

politics for the last 17 years. Frantic consultations are

:13:04.:13:07.

continuing with the Northern League, but a contentious Cabinet meeting

:13:07.:13:13.

and many hours of talks have so far failed to resolve what could

:13:13.:13:18.

develop into a full-blown political crisis in Rome.

:13:18.:13:21.

The TRANSLATION: What happens in Italy will have an impact on all

:13:21.:13:28.

the other countries in the eurozone. Just as remade comments about the

:13:28.:13:31.

budgetary policies of the other member states, we are doing the

:13:31.:13:37.

same for Italy. There was no degree of humiliation involved.

:13:37.:13:41.

Nicolas Sarkozy and Angela Merkel no longer bother to hide their

:13:41.:13:45.

doubts about Mr Berlusconi's political skills, at a moment when

:13:45.:13:53.

his popularity in Italy has plunged to its lowest level.

:13:53.:13:58.

As the world's population officially passes the 7 billion

:13:58.:14:02.

mark, the BBC has commissioned a special report from different

:14:02.:14:08.

countries. We are looking at Jordan which faces a crisis due to its

:14:08.:14:12.

rapidly rising population which has more than doubled in the last two

:14:12.:14:17.

decades. It is one of the driest countries in the Middle East and

:14:17.:14:23.

has depleted its supply and it is dangerously low.

:14:23.:14:32.

Against the odds, he farms this arid land. Were his crops lack much

:14:32.:14:39.

of the water they need. With no other supply, his family have to

:14:39.:14:44.

bide their water from a private company. But the price keeps on

:14:44.:14:54.
:14:54.:14:56.

rising and business is drying up. TRANSLATION: Some people depend on

:14:56.:14:59.

farming. If they stop, they won't be able to support their families.

:14:59.:15:03.

We have high levels of unemployment and the holder generations want to

:15:03.:15:07.

keep alive the traditions of farming. There won't give it up

:15:07.:15:12.

easily. Like others in Jordan, he depends

:15:12.:15:16.

on the endless flow of lorries which transport this country's

:15:16.:15:26.

Liquid Gold. This is private water. Commercially owned wells have

:15:26.:15:32.

become the source for many businesses and homes. We are living

:15:32.:15:41.

in a water crisis. We have the Royal commodity of water. If the

:15:41.:15:46.

strategy is implemented, we will be in a few years, well off. Unless

:15:46.:15:55.

the strategy is implemented, the situation will be more serious.

:15:55.:15:59.

Jordan's population with its steady flow of refugees is using more of

:15:59.:16:03.

this vital resource. Despite Government initiative to extract

:16:03.:16:09.

new resources, a bad situation is getting even worse. Farming in this

:16:09.:16:13.

desert like landscape has always been a challenge. But as water

:16:13.:16:17.

becomes more scarce and a shared by more people, the livelihood of

:16:17.:16:24.

farmers will only become more uncertain. He used to have chic,

:16:24.:16:29.

but because of a lack of water, these chickens, along with a few

:16:29.:16:33.

rabbits are the only animals left. He says the Government should

:16:33.:16:39.

supply what is, his farm's life blood. For others, life goes on

:16:39.:16:49.
:16:49.:16:54.

with what little water there is, in The funeral of the Saudi Arabian

:16:54.:17:01.

crown prince has been taking place. Leaders from around the world paid

:17:01.:17:06.

their respects. The Prince, who was the heir to the throne died in New

:17:06.:17:13.

York on Saturday. Thousands are reported to be fleeing fighting

:17:14.:17:18.

between the military and Muslim rebels in the southern Philippines.

:17:18.:17:23.

The army launched a second day of the air strikes on what it called a

:17:23.:17:28.

renegade faction. They said ground troops had encountered heavy

:17:28.:17:32.

resistance. More than 20 soldiers have been killed in fighting in

:17:32.:17:42.
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recent days. Conversationalists say the Javan rhinoceros has become

:17:51.:18:01.
:18:01.:18:03.

extinct in one country. There are only a small group left. One of the

:18:03.:18:08.

world's leading conservation charities says they are now extinct

:18:08.:18:18.

in the second last country which was keeping them, and Vietnam. The

:18:18.:18:23.

evidence of its alarming status comes from scientific evidence on

:18:23.:18:33.
:18:33.:18:33.

dung. The reason for the disappearance of the species can be

:18:33.:18:39.

found in markets like this one. Eastern medicine creates a huge

:18:39.:18:45.

demand for rhino horns. The last rhino was found with its core no

:18:45.:18:51.

messing. It can cure many diseases including heart disease, blood

:18:51.:19:00.

clotting and mental illnesses. is a view dispelled by a modern

:19:00.:19:05.

scientists and conservationists alike. It is made mostly from a

:19:05.:19:11.

substance called keratin. That is what our hair and nails are made of.

:19:11.:19:16.

It has no medicinal properties whatsoever and is incapable of

:19:16.:19:24.

curing cancer. There are now thought to be less than 50 of these

:19:24.:19:32.

rhinoceros left worldwide. They all live in a single national park in

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Indonesia. Despite spending millions of dollars trying to

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protect them poachers are still telling the few that remain.

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Efforts to protect them are likely to be stepped up once again. What

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is in a name? That is a famous quote from Romeo and Juliet and it

:19:52.:19:57.

has now been directed at Shakespeare himself. His home town

:19:57.:20:06.

has been protesting a film as an attempt to rewrite British cultural

:20:06.:20:13.

history. The film suggests some words were actually written by the

:20:13.:20:20.

Earl of Oxford. Since when did words ever win a kingdom? Leave

:20:20.:20:28.

that to me. A my God, the Earl of Oxford does not write plays.

:20:28.:20:35.

this is to be done, it must be done carefully, skilfully. In my world

:20:35.:20:40.

one does not write plays, people like you do. Congratulations, you

:20:40.:20:46.

have had an epic poem published today. What, do you mean like in a

:20:46.:20:56.
:20:56.:20:59.

book? To debate this I spoke to several Shakespeare specialists. I

:20:59.:21:04.

asked one if he believed the Bard wrote his masterpieces? I believe

:21:04.:21:11.

he had something to do with the plays but I do not believe he wrote

:21:12.:21:19.

all of the pieces contributed to him. There are a whole group of

:21:19.:21:24.

people who believe Sir Francis Bacon wrote the plays. Another

:21:24.:21:27.

group believe Sir Christopher Marlowe wrote the plays. I do not

:21:27.:21:32.

buy into those although I find their ideas interesting and unlike

:21:32.:21:36.

many people from Stratford upon- Avon I am quite happy to listen to

:21:36.:21:44.

what they have got to save. You are willing to agree to the thesis that

:21:44.:21:50.

all 37 plays are not written by the man known as William Shakespeare?

:21:50.:21:58.

am. And what do you make of it? Sniffing it is as ridiculous as the

:21:58.:22:08.
:22:08.:22:08.

conspiracy theory it is supposed to be based on. It gives as an idea of

:22:08.:22:14.

someone who commits incest with the reigning monarch arc which I think

:22:14.:22:22.

is a strange way of championing him. Is there any proof? There is lots

:22:22.:22:27.

of proof that he did write some of the plays or had and in some of the

:22:27.:22:33.

plays. Around the edges there are lots of interesting gaps that allow

:22:33.:22:38.

people to question whether he did write the plays or not. A lot of

:22:38.:22:43.

that is to do with his lack of education. Many records suggest

:22:43.:22:49.

somebody else wrote one or two of the plates, such as Romeo and

:22:49.:22:56.

Juliet and Hamlet. If you put all the records together at areas a

:22:56.:23:03.

case for doubt or a discussion about doubt. The director of this

:23:04.:23:08.

film said that he thought there were two key reasons which made him

:23:08.:23:13.

think Shakespeare could not have written these plays. One was that

:23:13.:23:19.

his father was the literate and his daughters were illiterate and there

:23:19.:23:28.

are no letters in existence of from him. It is not odd that none has

:23:28.:23:35.

survived. A lot of documents from that period do not survive. Central

:23:35.:23:41.

London was wiped out by a fire 50 years after his death. Many people

:23:41.:23:46.

from his time did talk about how he had written these plays and how

:23:46.:23:56.

great he was. 200 years after he died suddenly people start saying

:23:56.:24:03.

these plays could only have been written by an aristocrat. I think

:24:03.:24:09.

people would have to work very hard to take this film at face value. It

:24:09.:24:13.

is one thing to make a film based on a ludicrous premise, what

:24:13.:24:20.

bothers me I think is the publicity material suggesting that you ought

:24:20.:24:26.

to see this film because it is based on fact. That does strike me

:24:26.:24:34.

as unethical and a by-election -- a violation of our responsibility to

:24:34.:24:39.

the past. I do not know why the Shakespeare Birth Trust are getting

:24:39.:24:44.

so worked up about it. If they are worried about historical fact and

:24:44.:24:51.

evidence they need only look at themselves. They are championing

:24:51.:24:58.

one portrayed as an accurate one of Shakespeare's when their chairman,

:24:58.:25:05.

before he became chairman, said that was ludicrous. Yet it is on

:25:05.:25:11.

their publicity material when there is no evidence for that being him.

:25:11.:25:16.

I do not work for that organisation and I do not agree with that

:25:17.:25:21.

portrait being him either but I do by the plays of William Shakespeare

:25:21.:25:26.

as being written by William Shakespeare. I cannot understand by

:25:26.:25:31.

the same token you did not get worked up about Shakespeare in Love

:25:31.:25:39.

which is ludicrous and fictional. That is true, a lot of people to

:25:39.:25:49.
:25:49.:25:56.

that film at face value. I think this row could run and run. Thank

:25:56.:26:03.

you both. A quick reminder now of our main news story tonight.

:26:03.:26:08.

Rescuers have pooled at two week- old baby, her grandmother and

:26:08.:26:14.

mother from the earthquake which struck eastern Turkey on Sunday.

:26:14.:26:19.

Within the past few hours there have been aftershocks in the same

:26:19.:26:25.

area. Officials from Libya's new leadership say that the body of

:26:26.:26:30.

Colonel Gaddafi has been buried at a secret location in the Libyan

:26:30.:26:35.

desert. The place is being kept secret in order to prevent it

:26:35.:26:41.

becoming a shrine for Gaddafi supporters. His son was buried with

:26:41.:26:51.
:26:51.:26:51.

him. That is all from the programme. Next up, the weather. From now, --

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:06.

for now, from me, goodbye. Today's forecast was sunny spells and heavy

:27:07.:27:14.

showers. It is more of the same for tomorrow. The last of power rain

:27:15.:27:20.

will clear through north-eastern parts of Scotland tonight. Showers

:27:20.:27:27.

will slowly track across the UK. There will be some showers in

:27:27.:27:31.

western counties of England and Wales tomorrow morning slowly

:27:31.:27:36.

marching northwards. For most of eastern England it is looking like

:27:36.:27:41.

a fine afternoon. Through southernmost counties of England

:27:41.:27:46.

and on into the Midlands expect those showers to track through

:27:46.:27:53.

during the afternoon. The showers will not be as heavy as today but

:27:53.:27:58.

there is still a risk of some thunder and he'll in Wales. In

:27:59.:28:04.

Northern Island it will be a drier day for quite a few places. There

:28:04.:28:10.

will be a few showers and some brightness around. Across Scotland,

:28:10.:28:14.

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