26/10/2011 World News Today


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Good evening and welcome to World News Today. More union -- European


this union. They are at another crunch summit but yet again the


prospects on a rumoured official rescue plan looks slim.


She once afforded a from our own Government, Angela Merkel says that


of the euro fails, Europe fails. still have a lot of problems to


solve. The work is not yet done but I believe that told her here today


to get further run. Questions are raised of the


benefits of breast cancer screening. Some experts argue they can do more


harm than good. Also coming up: The terror of


Somali pirates as one couple reaches a year held hostage, we


talk to the South African negotiating to secure their release.


And the last of America's Cold War bombs comes to an end.


Hello and welcome. Another crunch summit and another opportunity that


may well be missed. European leaders are meeting right now and


Brussels tried to come up of a way out our share of the UK's own debt


crisis. The proposals being discussed include a bigger write-


off of Greek debt, further guarantees. Jon Sopel joins us from


Brussels. Part one is over. The meeting


involving all 27 members at the European Union broke up a few


minutes ago. The Polish presidency briefing on that. The really


critical one is the one that is about to get underway. That


involves the 17 members of the eurozone, trying to work a ways of


dealing with the Greek Government debt and how much of a write-off


they should be for private investors. Also, how to reinforce


and strengthened the bail-out fund and also what to do about the


Italian debt. Those are the key issues that are going to occupy the


17 leaders this evening. Angela Merkel, the key power-broker in all


this, said that we are aiming to get a bit further on. A bit further


on. She had been talking about a comprehensive settlement. That


seems to be a bit of away off. 14 times in the past 18 months,


Europe's leaders have driven this week, pledging to fix the eurozone


crisis. But never has the pressure been bigger than today. It is in


British interests that we solve this crisis. Some of the issues


discussed this afternoon are directly relevant to Britain in


terms of strengthening banks across Europe. In any event, we need a


have the greatest support for the comprehensive solution possible.


The mood on arrival was that many problems remain to be resolved and


tense negotiations lie ahead. are all going to have to work hard


but there is also a lot of good will. Some have called this the


summit of the last chance. Can Europe's leaders finally adopt a


plan that does with the markets that they have taken control of the


debt crisis that began in Greece? The main players in all of this,


Germany. Before today's summit, the German Parliament met. Angela


Merkel told MPs that Europe was watching them. They are watching


whether we are willing and able to deal with this. Our economic and


monetary union must pass the severe test and emerge stronger in the


long-term. We all know that this is the greatest test that we have


faced. The Parliament voted to boost the eurozone's bail-out fund,


a key factor in the talks in Brussels. And here is the challenge.


To/Greek debt by encouraging banks to take a glosses by around 50%. To


strengthen Europe's banks, perhaps Spike 100 billion euros and to


increase the firepower of the EU's main be a light hand by over one


trillion Euros. Also the centre of attention, the Italian Prime


Minister Silvio Berlusconi. France and Germany had insisted he bring


with him a letter setting out the economic reforms he would make.


Back in Rome, there was a scuffle in the Parliament over plans to


raise the retirement age. The eurozone crisis is exacerbating


Italy's political crisis. Europe's leaders will meet well into the


evening. What the markets will be watching for is not just political


stay was a detail, hard numbers indicate that this time a deal is


more than sticking plaster. Let's speak with our correspondent


Richard who is in Rome. We understand that Silvio Berlusconi


came with a letter of intent. Do we know any detail about it? I have


been speaking to a member of his Parliament -- his party here. He is


not certain what is in the letter but he spelt out what he thought


was in it. One is that key issue of increasing the pension age. He says


there has been a compromise reached with one of the keep coalition


partners which was crucial. So he is saying that is in the letter.


And there are other plans, cutting bureaucracy. And also according to


the senator, selling off some of the vast amounts of realistic that


the Government bonds. It amounts to hundreds of billions of Euros. The


other thing he was saying was that they were considering selling off


Government sticks and national companies, which she says are quite


significant. So he was putting a positive spin on it. There are ways


Italy can decrease its debt. The question is whether these are in


the lighter and also the timetable. Will this be implemented


effectively and quickly. Also, the other part is the instability it


brings. Silvio Berlusconi and his Northern League partners. That is


absolutely crucial. That is the party that they have been


negotiating over the pension age. There was a stumbling block over


that. The Northern League is vital for the Government. It could not


survive in power without the support of the Northern League.


They have to keep them on board which is why there has been


something of a problem with increasing the pension age. What


the senator is saying is that it will not affect everybody. People


coming close to retirement now, it will not affect them now. According


to some media reports, it could be implemented in 15 years. For the


rest of the European Union, that would be far too late. Thank you


very much for that. Wheat always get an idea of what


might be going on. What is your sense of it? We are going to get in


an agreement in principle tonight. It would be a disaster if we did


not. Presumably it has to have figures attached to it, otherwise


it is just good intention. You are going to get agreement on various


structures that will be created, leverage mechanisms. They may not


have figures because one of them are so was to be pots of money. We


do not know how much or how little people are going to put into these


things. The haircut. The famous Greek hair cut. Do you think we


will get a figure on by how much they Greeks, private investors, are


going to have a take a loss on Greig debt? It depends on what


happens on the negotiations. The idea is to do a volunteer early,


that is the banks, without too much trouble saying they would give up


so much. Creases in such a big hole, it may need a her park that is so


large that it may not be presented as voluntary. -- it may need an


hair cut. Nobody is sure how much. It may have serious knock-on


effects. There are insurance policies. You do not know who is


liable to pick up the debt, that is what creates uncertainty. We do not


know who the contracts are going to. Certain institutions have a lot of


these contracts and then are expected to pay out on. That


weakens their position. You could get the domino effect of that.


Let's take a look at the other news as rescue workers continued to


search for survivors from the Turkish earthquake, the Government


is saying it will accept offers of foreign aid. It said it would call


upon its own with the impact of the disaster which is claiming some 460


lives. The Government has accepted help for Reconstruction for those


who have been left homeless. The authorities in just a say nine


people have died and seven more are missing after torrential rain


caused flash flooding. Most of the victims are from towns and villages


from the north. Rescuers are working with dogs to try and find


missing people. Boeing's latest aircraft, 7-8-7


Dreamliner has made its first commercial flight. The flight from


Tokyo to Hong Kong took place three years later than planned due to


production delays. Development costs billions of dollars over


budget. Boeing says the plan is the most fuel-efficient of its kind


because it is built with light composite materials rather than


metals. Does screening for breast cancer


actually do more good than harm? The evidence has been viewed in the


UK after doubts were raised after - - of his effectiveness. 60,000


women -- our survey of 60,000 women showed some women suffer from


psychological - a psychological problems.


Thousands of women can say the UK breast cancer screening programme


has saved their lives. This woman is one of them. If I had not gone


for that screening, I would not have had it picked up. I would not


be walking around nine. Around 2.7 million women across the UK, aged


between 50 and 70, are offered screening each year. Nearly 17,000


cases of breast cancer are detected as a result. But the NHS estimates


approximately five to 10% of cases are over diagnosed. That means


women are told they have a long but it is not clear if it is requiring


treatment. The gamut of Health says that his face is unchanged. -- the


Department of Health. There are some women who needed an operation


that was on required. This woman says her life was turned upside-


down by unnecessary treatment following a scan. I would not have


got into that situation if I had been warned about it. I would have


avoided as that -- avoided it. independent review of press


screening will cover the whole of the UK and doctors recognise that


as our understanding of the disease has improved, it will re-evaluate


the evidence behind the programme. We are taking a large research


study at the moment to see if we can develop more targeted screening.


So ladies who are at higher risk of developing breast cancer have more


frequent screening. Critics of press screening say it is no longer


clear if benefits away at the possible risks. -- out way.


One year ago today, Bruno Pelizzari and Debbie Calitz were working as


they can sailing a what towards the was a Mike Channel when it was


boarded by 12 Somali pirates. -- Mozambique channel. They are being


held ransom by pirates. Bruno Pelizzari's sister has held talks


and recorded one conversation when she was talking with Debbie Calitz.


Are you OK? Yes, so far. I must tell you she does not stop thinking


of you. You will be home soon. is Bruno Pelizzari's sister there.


How did this conversation come about? She is the sister of one of


the hostages than -- hostages. For months she has been speaking to the


Paris Ritz negotiator or. He is somewhere in Somalia. Last week he


gave her permission to speak to both Bruno Pelizzari and every over


the phone and to record the conversation and give it to the


media. She has given it to me and the BBC. That was the exchange


there. Debbie did raise some concerns about the type of food


they are receiving. She said they are deficient in vitamins and


minerals and that Bruno Pelizzari's hair is falling out. After all this


time, more than one year, it was fantastic to hear the voices. But


it was as distressing Kohl. She did speak to her brother as well.


her brother and one of the hostages. She was more restricted in what she


could ask him and what he could say to her. He managed to tell her the


type of food to they are getting. They have so open the morning and


rice and spaghetti in the evening and he made his appeal for their


release. We are trying everything we can. I do not know what else to


An emotional conversations. What does the South African government


say? That demand was straight to decide African government. I spoke


to someone there, I was told that the pirates employ every tactic


they think will assist them to achieve their goal. They said the


government does not entertain demands for ransom, but he says


that the government would not intervene in the family's


initiative to attempt to raise the money. The amount that the pirates


what has gone up and down. It stands at $4 million at the moment,


a huge amount of money. The family says it is working class, not


wealthy, and is struggling to raise that money. It is doing its best to


get the money together and do everything it can to attempt to


bring Bruno and steady home safely. Thank you. So we can now go to the


brother of Debbie Calitz. He joins us from Johannesburg. What do you


make of these conversations taking place? Do they give you heart? Or


do you feel they are counter- productive? There is a mixed view


their. We have given the government one year to try and do what they


can, and they have tried. But we have realised with past cases that


if the money is not paid, they will not release them. They may hold


them for many years. You must be concerned about what is being said


concerning nutrition? Definitely, because apart from malnutrition, my


sister suffers from asthma, and so we are not sure if they have access


to asthma pumps and medication and so on. For what other information


did you get from these conversations that were being had?


Her could you repeat the question? For what other in formation did you


get from the conversations that took place? Conversations with the


pirates? The conversations between, that we have just heard, that took


place between the Rat and Bruno, and the Rat and Debbie. There is a


bittersweet feeling. Because it is reassuring to hear their voices, to


know that they are definitely alive. But at the same time, getting them


out of there is becoming a daunting task. You know, to raise the money.


You realise that paying the pirates may feel the situation, but from


the family's perspective, we have no other means at the moment to get


them out of their. Thank you very much.


South as the United States prepared to withdraw its troops from


Afghanistan, there are tensions with Pakistan about its


relationship with insurgents. Last week, Pakistan said it could do


more to prevent militant groups from operating within its borders.


But a BBC investigation has heard allegations that Pakistan has been


actively is -- supporting the insurgents, while acting as


Washington's ally in public. The long war in Afghanistan was


intensifying in 2006, causing casualties among Afghans and treats


mainly from the US and UK. Now, there is new evidence of Pakistan's


support for the Taliban fighting that ward. One insurgents says he


was trained by Pakistani intelligence. TRANSLATION: The


military would arriving cars at 8:00am, and leave at 4pm. They were


wearing military uniforms. The uniforms of the Palace of --...


They gave us a specialised weapons training. The US was set and by


2008 that Pakistan controlled the gunmen who went on the rampaging


Mumbai. As evidence piled up of a secret double game in Afghanistan


as well. Our own intelligence was unequivocal. In Afghanistan. We saw


an insurgency that was not only getting passive support from the


Pakistani army, and the Pakistani intelligence service, but getting


active support. And it was only when the US stopped giving Pakistan


tick box of impending drone attacks that the attacks became successful.


At the beginning of the drone operations, we gave Pakistan


advance warnings of where we were going. And every single time, the


target was not there anymore. You did not have to be Sherlock Holmes


to put the dogs together. Pakistan had denied the charges.


They are fighting a new campaign against insurgents in the Frontier


regions, and deny they backed the Taliban. They all speak contrary to


this perception that the state is in support of these groups. That we


are providing sanctuary, providing material support. The recent


assault on the US embassy in Kabul was quickly blamed on Pakistan, as


the US is taking a harder line. The new revelations raise further and


Constable questions from the US and UK governments, could both have


large aid budgets in Pakistan and counted as an ally -- uncomfortable


questions. One of the largest and most


powerful bombs ever built has been dismantled and removed from the US


military arsenal. At B 53 was built in the 1960s and desire to maximise


damage. Defence strategy has changed, and over the past 14 years


the US has taken steps to eliminate massive nuclear weapons. In a


moment we will see if this makes the world a safer place. Now, I


look back at the B 53 bomb. Tommy knows that the bond can explode any


time of the Year, day or night. a height of the cold war, Americans


were told to be prepared - they were under threat of an atomic


attack on US soil. The United States had strike power of its own,


though. The nuclear bomb so began so powerful it was said to be 600


times more destructive than the one which levelled Hiroshima in 1945.


The B 53, the so-called bunker buster, was the size of a small car.


It was first added to America's Arsenal in 1962, G target Soviet


underground shelters. The ball was flown by the B 52 bomber for nearly


40 years, before being retired from service in 1997 -- the bomb. Now,


the explosives had been removed. Part of President Obama's new


security agenda and goal to rid the world of nuclear weapons. Another


of the big bombs is now gone, another chapter in the cold war


closed. Neil Miller is second in command of


the US National Nuclear Security Administration, responsible for


maintaining a stockpile of nuclear weapons. Was this largely a


symbolic moment? It was more than symbolic. The actual removal of the


very last piece one could call symbolic, but this has been an


active dismantlement programme going on for some time. In removing


this weapon from the stockpile, you can say for sure this is a clear


indication we are in a safer time. You were there at the dismantling.


Was it an impressive moment? I was, and it was. And I think that in


addition to just the sense of history we had, watching the


dedication of the team of people that have worked for quite some


time dismantling it, the precision and dedication with which they


worked and which they showed to the overall job, but also getting it


right every would you describe this as the end of an Era? In particular


terms -- political terms it is very symbolic, but these are not the


type of weapons used in that type of warfare now being conducted.


That's right. This was a significant moment, as many people


have said - the end of an Era. It marked the end of a dangerous time.


The Cold War has been over for quite some time, this but then


remained in the stockpile and it was a weapon for another time. I


said something to one of my colleagues last night he is in


charge of our weapons programme, that it looked like something out


will and early 1960s science- fiction movie. He said to some


extent it was. So this was a big moment for us. The concern about


nuclear weapons has not gone away, has it? No, not at all. And when we


talk about a concern about then, we remain concerned that no one should


have possession of nuclear weapon was special nuclear materials that


could cause harm. And certainly, none of us want to imagine a world


where nuclear weapons continue to be part of active foreign policy.


Why has it taken so long to dismantle this particular weapon?


This has been going on for quite some time, the dismantlement of the


weapons. At the facility where this took place in Amarillo does a lot


of things, including the dismantling of the B 53. There is


surveillance over active pieces in the stockpile, to make think --


sure everything is functioning, and there are types of dismantlement of


other weapons going on. These things are done in a sequence and


at the capacity they can run. thank-you very much.


A reminder of banning story. European leaders are gathering in


Brussels for a summit aimed at fixing and speed Eurozone debt


crisis. The proposals being discussed include a bigger write


off all week debt, provisional further guarantees that Italy and


Spain may borrow more, and a plan to strengthen the big European


banks, against a possible Greek default. We will keep you up-to-


date with any developments from the date with any developments from the


Hello, the weather is on the changed again. After a reasonable


day, there will be some rain around for a good few tomorrow -


particularly across England and Wales. Scotland and Northern


Ireland will see some reasonable sunshine. Low pressure is coming up,


and it is this which will bring the rain during the course of the night.


I first thing in the morning, many parts of England and Wales will be


cloudy and damp. Their heaviest rain in the South West of England


and South Wales. The rain will have extended into the North East of


England by 3pm, always in bits-and- pieces in East Anglia and the East.


Quite cool under the rain clouds, 11-12 degrees Celsius. Eventually,


the rain will start to ease from parts of the South West, but not


much prospect of sunshine. For Wales, also at that prospect. The


western areas might brighten up before the sun goes down. Across


the Irish Sea, it should be a reasonable day. Just a few showers


around. Some heavy showers across the Western Isles at times, but


most of Scotland having a reasonable day. The rain will ease


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