11/11/2011 World News Today


11/11/2011

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More than a dozen killed in Serie A's ongoing anti- Government

:00:45.:00:55.
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protests. -- Serie A's. Also ahead, terror alert in Nigeria. Unprepared

:00:57.:01:01.

and taken unawares. The Nigerian Government tells the BBC the latest

:01:01.:01:11.
:01:11.:01:12.

attacks by the militant group Boko Haram took it by surprise. And with

:01:12.:01:16.

Rok's biggest earners approaching their twilight years, are

:01:16.:01:26.
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tomorrow's musicians being denied Hello and welcome. The new teams

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hoping to lead Greece and Italy out of their situation are hoping to

:01:38.:01:48.
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take shape today. Greece has sworn in Lucas Papademos. Here is our

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correspondent with a look at the latest developments. In Greece, the

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economy that put the Eurozone under threat, a new prime minister is

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sworn in. Lucas Papademos is an Economist. Formerly with the

:02:16.:02:24.

European Central Bank. Three is opting for a safe pair of hands.

:02:24.:02:30.

Italy seems to be choosing the same as. Ushering a pause to the era of

:02:30.:02:40.
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flamboyant leadership. Their choice, a former low-key European

:02:42.:02:52.
:02:52.:02:54.

Commissioner, and seen as low He was given a hero's welcome

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inside the chamber. Then came speeches underlining the pressure

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on Italy to change direction. We do hope that this act can pave the way

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to a government that will enable Italy to come out of this critical

:03:09.:03:18.

situation. The argument won the day. 156 votes its four, 12 against and

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one abstention. Opposition senators did not take part, nor did they

:03:24.:03:31.

block. The austerity package hopes to save almost 60 billion euros. It

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it aims to balance the Budget by 2014. Measures include an increase

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in VAT, and increasing the retirement age for women to match

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that of men. To 60 in 2014 and 65 and 2026. There will be measures to

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fight tax evasion. The cuts will be tough, but the markets, and many

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Italians welcome the change he symbolises. I think he will be good.

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I think he is capable. I think he has the right capabilities. I hope

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he does better than the last lot. I hope things improve. Greece and

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Italy, to ancient cultures. By the time the markets are open on Monday,

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they may have very different styles of leadership.

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In the midst of the debt crisis in Italy, the outgoing prime minister

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Silvio Berlusconi famously said the Italian economy was doing all right

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because the restaurants were full. He has survived sex scandals,

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corruption scandal and votes of no confidence. In the end, the

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Eurozone crisis meant he could no longer cling to power.

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Three-times prime minister, multi- billionaire. Silvio Berlusconi has

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been the consummate survivor of Italian politics. He never seemed

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to suffer embarrassment on account of his sometimes I'd read as public

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behaviour. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel was clearly irritated

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when asked to wait for him to finish a phone call. On a visit to

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Moscow, he famously referred to the American President as tanned. On

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another occasion, he publicly proclaimed it was better to like

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girls and be gay. His time in office has been tainted by scandal.

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He has been called before the courts on fraud and corruption

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charges although never actually convicted. He is currently facing

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trial on charges of paying for sex with an under-age prostitute. A

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charismatic speaker and notorious womaniser, he has been nicknamed

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the Sultan on account of the babies of young women at his parties. On

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December 2009, he was assaulted in the street in Milan. A man through

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a many statue into the Prime Minister's face, leaving him

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bleeding and shaken. It has been the economy, rather than scandal

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which has underlined his premiership. He thought his allies

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would stand by him, but his popularity slowly ebbed away as.

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To take stock of Silvio Berlusconi's life and career, we

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are joined by a columnist who also teaches at Princeton University.

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He's a vied the rows over there parties, in the end it was that the

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economy that got to him. Critics say he never got to grips

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with it? That is exactly what a few of us have been saying for years.

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Berlusconi's coalition did not give a damn about his personal behaviour.

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Eventually the economy got to him. Now, we hope that the two Super

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Mario has can do the job. But it is going to be very difficult.

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Focusing on Silvio Berlusconi, on what could be the final day of his

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premiership, he has still got about three television stations,

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newspapers and so on. Will he still have influenced in Italy? It is

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funny because Silvio Berlusconi has a conflict of interest, at which he

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has used to promote his own political party in the last 20

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years. Will he unleashed his media empire against his opponent? If he

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does, eventually his media empire will pay a price. In the last hour

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of Silvio Berlusconi running the country, they lost 12% on the

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Italian Wall Street. He would have to be wary of running too much

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trouble. I get the idea of where you were coming from when you talk

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about Silvio Berlusconi. But how do you think the Italian people might

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be reflecting on his career, positive or negative? The country

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is neatly divided into three factions. One-third of the country

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still think that Silvio Berlusconi was a godsend and will keep the

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voting for him so. This does not mean they will vote for his party,

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but they voted for him. One third of the country think that he is the

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Devil and anything he says or does is terrible. One-third of the

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country desperately wanted an alternative for Mr Berlusconi, but

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never got it from the centre left until they split, some voted for

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Silvio Berlusconi and some voted against him. I hope now that we

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will have some sort of national unity. We were looking at pictures

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of Silvio Berlusconi on the world stage. Do you think... What do you

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think Italy's image has been like under Silvio Berlusconi and do you

:09:29.:09:39.
:09:39.:09:42.

think it can change? I do not think that Mr Berlusconi was's clownish

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performance which damage the country. It was the economy and

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that is where the future generations will pay. He could have

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done a lot better running of the economy. The country will bleed for

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this. Activists in serious say at least 14 people have been killed in

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the latest protest against the Government in the capital Damascus.

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The organisation Human Rights Watch has accused Syrian forces of

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committing crimes against humanity and says Syria should have its

:10:18.:10:28.
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membership of the Arab League The cities and towns of Syria

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remain killing zones. More than one week after the government promised

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the Arab League it would pull out all of the security forces. This

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battle near Damascus, one of many in recent days which have left at

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least 100 people dead. For many opposition activists, the

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city of Homs is the centre of the revolution against the regime of

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President Ali Abdullah Saleh. The crackdown on protesters here,

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particularly brutal. Up to 1000 civilians reported killed. This,

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and allegations of widespread torture amount to crimes against

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humanity -- humanity. We hope that the evidence we put on the table

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today will galvanise those parts of the international system who have

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been making excuses for months as to why it is not appropriate to act.

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The time is now to act. We cannot tolerate the scale of human rights

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abuses we have seen in recent months. As the international

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community dithers, the protests on the ground in Syria were gaining

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ever widening support. According to opposition activists, increasing

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numbers of soldiers are defecting from the Armed Forces. Like this

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man, now commander of a rebel force called the free Syrian army. He

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told the BBC they were defending the people and said the President

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Ali Abdullah Saleh regime would only be removed by force. That

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could lead to even greater casualties. In a full-scale civil

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war in which a brutal regime is confronted by an armed resistance.

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Let's take a look at some of the day's other developments. There has

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been an upsurge of violence in Yemen with a report saying at least

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11 people have been killed. In fighting between government forces

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and militia men in Taiz. This coincides with the return of the UN

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envoy trying to end months of conflict between supporters of

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President Ali Abdullah Saleh and supporter groups.

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People across the United Kingdom have absurd two Minute silence to

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mark Remembrance Day. Readers were laid at the Cenotaph. President

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Sarkozy of France laid a wreath at the tomb of the Unknown soldier

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under a bit Arc de Triomph in Paris. Barack Obama has marked Veterans

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Day at Arlington cemetery. London has won its bid to host the

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World a lot -- Athletic Championships in 2017. The decision

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was announced by the International Athletic authorities in the Monaco.

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In September, as you may remember, at the UN assembly Mahmoud Abbas

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made a speech requesting full state membership of the United Nations.

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Today the UN Security Council has taken a decision that affects that

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particular hope. Be Security Council report shows that only

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eight of the 15 it backed the move, leaving the Palestinians just one

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vote short of the majority they needed. But the US had indicated it

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would have used its veto power to block the move even if a majority

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had been reached. Let's get more on this. Where does this leave the

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Palestinians, could be a press for a vote? Yes. We have seen it

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committee which has been looking at their application over the past

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couple of weeks, it has come up with a report saying it could not

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recommend for or against because the security council is divided. It

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summed up everyone's positions and now at the Palestinians must decide

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what to do yet -- now. They had been thinking of calling for a vote

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because they knew the Americans would veto. And they were hoping

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for a moral victory, if they could muster the nine votes needed to

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pass a rare but -- resolution, it would be clear that the Americans

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were the obstacle to then getting membership. In fact, it looks as if

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they only had eight votes, not the nine needed. They have to decide

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whether to drop the Security Council approach, or whether to

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push ahead for a boat as a symbolic step because they say this is a

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legal right that they have. They could press to become eight non-

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member Observer state of the UN. Is that likely? I think it is probably

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one of the more likely options. The Palestinians have said today they

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will consider what to do. They are going to discuss amongst the

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Palestinian leadership. They will consult with the Arab League next

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week about what to do. There are leaders who would prefer this

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option because it means you would not have a confrontation with the

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Americans at the Security Council and you could possibly come up with

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something, even if it is not full membership. It would upgrade

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Palestine's status. They could ask to be upgraded to a non-member of

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server state. That would probably strengthen their hand at legally

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and politically to challenge the Israeli occupation within an

:16:08.:16:18.
:16:18.:16:19.

The Nigerian defence minister has told the BBC that last week's

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attacks by Boko Haram caught his troops by surprise. Bello Haliru

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Mohammed said despite the large military presence in North eastern

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Nigeria, Boko Haram had given it the slip. It lost an attack on the

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town of Damaturu. -- launched. The damage in the town of Damaturu rule

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was clear to see. Police stations and banks were bombed, churches

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burnt to the ground as young men went on the rampage. More than 100

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people died. The bodies have been buried and thoughts are now turning

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to what more the Government could have done to stop the deadly rise

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of Boko Haram. When they became a problem, the Government issued

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legal strategies. In the long run it only gives the group a measure

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of support from the populace. who have dealt directly with Boko

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Haram say their key demands are that their leaders are released

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from prison, that there be justice for their members killed by the

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police, and the security forces pulled back from their heartland in

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north Nigeria. They do not sound impossible, but the military say

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for them to withdraw there must be stability first. The important

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thing is to reduce or stop the killings. I believe we are working

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to do that. Once the killings are stopped, the issue of the

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grievances will also be addressed. Government critics say there has

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been too much emphasis on the military option, which has damaged

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the chances of talks taking place. Brute force can never solve a

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political problem. Brute force can never kill an idea. What can kill

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an idea is negotiation, dialogue and understanding. Do you think the

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current Government is capable of doing that? No! They have no idea.

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Boko Haram has hit Abuja twice this year and has promised to strike

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again. Nigeria's militants are now the entire country's problems. --

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problems. The rise in the popularity of music on YouTube may

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be good for listeners, but it is causing a problem for young

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recording artists. The Performing Rights Society says there is an

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imbalance with older bands dominating the music sector, and

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younger artists lacking support. It must be strange going to school

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and coming home poking about album deals? Yes, it is! Today has been

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really weird, going from science division -- revision to recording.

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Birdy, still at school and this week in the top 10 with her first

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album. Her Rendition? Travelling around the world and playing at

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huge concerts. I love performing. She is just 15 and it is looking

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:20:05.:20:08.

good. What about 18, 21, 25? The music industry has real fears. The

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real money is being made... There is a problem, age. There is quite

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an imbalance of heritage bands dominating the live music sector.

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The figures are startling. The Rolling Stones, Elton John, Paul

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McCartney, 40% of those top hats are over 60. 19% and like you to

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and Madonna, now in their fifties. 96% were over 40. Britney Spears is

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the only twentysomething. The X Factor may create fame, but long-

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term success? If you do not have a hit with your first single, it is

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all over. It is extremely fickle. A quick turnaround. The number of

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songwriters is at a record high. Long-term, who will be the Heritage

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:21:22.:21:23.

at softer moral? -- the Heritage acts of tomorrow?

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She has got a nice voice. I have got company now. I have got David

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McAlmont, a singer-songwriter, and Jon Webster, Chief Executive of the

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Music Managers Forum. Record labels are understandably worried about

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taking risks, aren't they? Haitink they are at the moment. The

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economics of the recording industry has changed drastically. I think it

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is easier perhaps for young artists to make records. There are a lot

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more of them out there but getting traction in the worldwide market is

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very tough. David, despite that, you are seeing good at coming

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through -- axis. Adele is one of the fortunate ones who has been

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given some clue as to what the industry and tails. One of the

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problems the industry does have is that it does not really coach its

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act correctly. A lot of people who come into the industry are

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attracted because of their talent and made to understand that talent

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is all they need. An awful lot more is involved. The graduates of the

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Brit School are doing better. you saying managers are not doing

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right by artists? I can only speak from my own experience. Certainly I

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was not coached. I have had to learn a lot for myself. I am now

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releasing independently and funding my music through touring. I had to

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learn that the hard way. I am without a label and without

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management. I have to survive as an artist. Is this a typical story?

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Yes. We get phone calls every day from artists he do not necessarily

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know about the internet or the business. They do not want to learn.

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We encourage artists to learn the basics. Find a manager who cannot

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do all of the work to relieve them so they can be creative. Are you

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basically saying to them, this is the business and we have to make

:23:49.:23:55.

money? I have always said it is the music business. That is what we are

:23:55.:24:02.

in. That is what people need to appreciate. They have to go a long

:24:02.:24:08.

way today as an artist before they get a manager. If they are not

:24:08.:24:14.

making income, a manager is not making a living. The industry is in

:24:14.:24:17.

a bit of a crisis because the distribution has been ruptured by

:24:17.:24:21.

the internet. People can attract attention without having to go

:24:21.:24:27.

through those channels. I think the industry is closing ranks around

:24:27.:24:37.

the business. And not appreciating the creative? People just want to

:24:37.:24:44.

hear great music. Slowly the corporate ties Asian has taken over.

:24:45.:24:48.

There is that tension between the corporate and that the business

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side. You have to make money. --? That is true. There are many

:24:58.:25:03.

different models coming through these days. You can dine with the

:25:03.:25:10.

band, you can get signed CDs etc. There are many innovative ways. And

:25:10.:25:17.

they are working. I did have a meeting with the raffle and manager

:25:18.:25:22.

a couple of days ago and he said the CD was basically dying because

:25:22.:25:27.

of downloading. You have to find other ways of making money?

:25:27.:25:31.

advice I was given was to work in social networking so that people

:25:31.:25:35.

engage with you without having to listen to the radio or watched

:25:35.:25:39.

television, because that was not a given any more. Problems like X

:25:40.:25:46.

Factor, Good or bad? On balance I would say that. They are to short

:25:46.:25:53.

term, they do not really developed acts. And once people get into one

:25:53.:25:58.

Act, the next series comes along and they get into the next act.

:25:58.:26:04.

Very few serious artists come out of those talent shows. I think the

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X Factor has been excellent television for a while. It is about

:26:10.:26:14.

getting people to watch television. That is it. What about the idea

:26:14.:26:21.

that you see people like David getting a fan base on the

:26:21.:26:27.

internet... That is the way of the world. That is how music industry

:26:27.:26:31.

executives are finding out. They look for the YouTube hits and all

:26:31.:26:38.

that stuff. Thank you both. A reminder of the

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main news. The Italian Senate has approved at reform package to end

:26:44.:26:48.

the Country's debt crisis. Parliamentary approval should lead

:26:48.:26:51.

to the promised resignation of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:01.

Hello. Behind the band of rain moving east across the UK overnight,

:27:01.:27:08.

there is plenty of dry weather to come. Much of the UK will gradually

:27:08.:27:14.

brighten up. This weather front is moving through overnight. Behind

:27:14.:27:24.
:27:24.:27:24.

that, rain. A lot of cloud in the south-east. Elsewhere, the

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brightening up process continues through the morning. A fine

:27:29.:27:34.

afternoon in northern England. Variable cloud and sunny spells. In

:27:34.:27:41.

East Anglia and south-east England there will be more clout than sun.

:27:41.:27:50.

-- more clout than a son. A few early sharp showers in to south-

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west England and Wales. They will be done by the afternoon. For her

:27:55.:28:02.

Northern Ireland, plenty of sunshine. -- Northern Ireland. It

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is fine across Scotland. In the north-west there will be some

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