07/12/2011 World News Today


07/12/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me Kirsty Lang. Syria's President

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gives his first interview to the Western media. A defiant Bashar al-

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Assad tells American anchor, Barbara Walters, "I did not give

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orders to kill." Egypt swears in a new cabinet under Kamal al-Ganzouri,

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a former premier under Mubarak, so how different is to the last one?

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Retail U-turn in India, as plans to allow firms like Tesco and Walmart

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to buy out its supermarket chains are shelved. Also coming up in the

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programme: a fair comment or a convenient smokescreen? We look at

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President Sarkozy's claim that laissez faire economics and Anglo-

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Saxon capitalism are to blame for much of Europe's current crisis.

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And America marks 70 years since the event that brought it into

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World War II, the Japanese attack Welcome. For nine months, the

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Syrians have been protesting against their Government. For

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thousands of them have died in that time. President Bashar al-Assad

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said there was no command from him to kill or use brutality. In a rare

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interview with Barbara Walters, the unelected President of Syria

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claimed he was extremely popular with his people and he blamed the

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violence on criminals, religious extremists and terrorists

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sympathetic to Al-Qaeda. With astonishing bravery, Syrian

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and the armed protesters have come out day after day to face machine

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guns, snipers and armoured vehicles. The cost so far, at least 4000 dead.

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In his interview with ABC, President Assad denied killing his

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own citizens. We don't kill our appeal -- people, no Government in

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the world kills his people alas it is led by a crazy person. -- and

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last. It is impossible for anyone in this state to give orders to

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kill. We saw a different picture in a week of travelling inside Syria.

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Inner-city here, she catalogues her losses. Her son were shot dead at a

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protest then her grandson was killed by a sniper while out

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getting bread. A few days after speaking to us, she too was shot

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dead in the street. But demonstrators are sick of such

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denial and started off with a simple call for reform. Now they

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want the President to go. A UN report accuses him of hanging on

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using mass arrests, torture, sexual assault of protesters and killing

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some 300 children. This will send - - they will send us the documents

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and evidence. We cannot say yes. Who says that United Nations is a

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credible institution? You do not think they are credible? Know. It

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is a game we play. The Syrian Government calls these men

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terrorists. They say they have taken up arms after months of

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killings by the regime. President Assad seems to accept there has

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been excessive force by his police and Trevor's best says these were

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individual acts not policy. This will be scorned by the

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demonstrators and Syrian is -- serious moving from a crackdown to

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something that resembles a civil war.

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A short time ago, Barbara Walters joined my colleague who asked her

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for her impressions of President Assad. It is very surreal. It is

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disconnected. You have this calm, collected man who was an opera for

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Moller must, a doctor, telling you he was not responsible for the

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crackdown. -- up for mycologist. There were no ground rules, he

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answered every question. The whole thing is a disconnect. You are in

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Damascus which was pretty calm but I found I could go anywhere. One

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hour away, people were being killed. You are talking to the present he

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was saying that you don't -- he didn't ordered the crackdown. He

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wants to see the proof that he ordered people to die. I am

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confused by what he says and what is going on in his country. Do you

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think that he believed what he was saying? There is no way of mind

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knowing whether he believes what he is saying but he is saying that he

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didn't ordered the crackdown, that is the Government and we are going

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to prosecute these people who did these bad things. He is the

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Government and he is a dictator. He says we are not a democracy but I

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am not a dictator. He doesn't want a DAI and St, he isn't training his

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eight-year old son to take over. For -- a dynasty. It is so hard to

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understand why he doesn't admit what is going on in his country and

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take responsibility or apologise for it. He doesn't do any of those.

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Could he have been pursuing this line of deny ability with his eye

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on the future? With some international criminal process that

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he might see before him in the future? I did feel he feels this

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way. He says the middle, which is not the extremists, they support

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him. If the middle did not support him, he would step down. You talk

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about his being isolated by these countries around him. Syria is the

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hub of it all. He says it doesn't matter what they say, what matters

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is what happens in Syria. I don't care about public opinion. This is

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not a crazy talking manner the wake Gaddafi is. He says the sanctions

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his people more industrious. You don't have the feeling that he

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feels they are going to come and put him in jail.

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Now to another country at the heart of the Arab Spring, a new cabinet

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has been sworn in in two -- in Egypt,. The military ruler said the

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Prime Minister has been given new powers. This comes on the eve of

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the official results of the first round of Egypt's parliamentary

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elections in which the Muslim Brotherhood is claiming a majority.

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The BBC's John line is in Cairo. How different is this to the last

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Government? -- Jon Leyne. previous Government resigned after

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huge protests in Tahrir Square. The army promised a Government of

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national starvation and they have produced a similar Government to

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the previous one that is still dominated by people from the

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previous regime, dominated by half the members of the Cabinet. There

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is a new interior minister but he is a general, somebody who was a

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figure from the previous regime. It looks very similar. I think a lot

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of people think this will not be about real change until after the

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election has been named. Tonight, we have had the resort's of the

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first round. -- results. We did have the precise details because

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they didn't have percentages but it seemed as if a coalition, led by

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the Muslim Brotherhood, has 48%. The more extreme assist -- the more

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extremist have the rest. They have only done a third of the seats so

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far. This Cabinet is an interim Cabinet. What point will an elected

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Cabinet be able to take over? to be precise, the interim

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Government is appointed by the military and he has then appointed

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a Cabinet. It appears the information we are getting, the

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military are taking an enormous role in this and are still running

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the day-to-day affairs despite the fact that they are dedicating more

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power. We have to go through this long electoral process that doesn't

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and until March. There has to be a constitutional committee,

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presidential elections and then the new president, when he is appointed

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will be appointing a new Government. It is a long process and will take

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many months, if not years. Meanwhile on the ground in Libya,

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the revolution may be over but militias still brought large parts

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of the capital city. Many of the armed groups were part of the force

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that helped to bring down Vivette - - Gaddafi but an upsurge in

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fighting between them has alarmed authorities who are demanding be

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laid down their arms and go home. -- they laid down.

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Life in Tripoli has been returning to normal in recent weeks. There is

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a dark cloud over this city, the continued presence of armed men in

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a country with no proper police force or army to keep things secure.

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Its militiamen still control the streets, sometimes settling their

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differences by force. TRANSLATION: I pro-Gaddafi's forces

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had re-entered Tripoli the other night there were so much shooting.

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We are suffering. Before everything was OK. Now, everything is upside

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down. The Government says it will integrate 50,000 former rebels into

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the new security forces and tried to provide jobs or further

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education for tens of thousands of others. That is the plan but it

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would be easy. TRANSLATION: I want them to go back home, even the ones

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from Tripoli. They are like children. You give them a toy and

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it is hard to take it back from them. At this hospital, doctors are

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on strike after armed militia men dread doubt its administrator in a

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dispute over patient's treatment. It is not the first time medics who

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have been threatened. Now the sick and the injured will have to be

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transferred elsewhere. This is the emergency room in the country's

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most trawl -- trauma hospital. They say they won't work until they have

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Government protection. The intensive care unit is full of

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patients injured not in the liberation of Tripoli but in the

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violence that has come in its wake. The sole doctor is still at work

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when we visited. All the cases here are from gunshot. Don't leave Libya

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like this. Reining in the gunmen responsible is perhaps the biggest

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channel -- challenge facing the Libyan Government. It is critical

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here that they succeed, say people here.

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In the other news, the maximum could Mrs cities foiling an

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international plot to smuggle one of Colonel Gaddafi's sons and

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Mexico. At the height of the Libyan up rising September, his officials

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uncovered the plan for the some, Saadi, and of the Sun to come in.

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He is under house arrest in idea. 40% of cancers could be prevented

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by making simple lifetime -- lifestyle changing. Smoking,

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alcohol and nutrition or play a part. For many was eating a lack of

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fruit and vegetables and for women, was overweight playing a

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significant role. The armed forces of Sudan and

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newly-independent South Trabant -- South Sudan have clashed. Sudan

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says its troops were in control of the gel area which both sounds -- -

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- Jau area which both say it is theirs.

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The Italian police say they have captured the Dida of one of the

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country's most powerful mafia groups -- captured the most

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powerful mafia group. He was found hiding in an underground boat --

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bunker near his home town of Naples. The former Israeli president has

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been -- began a seven-year jail sentence for rape. He was convicted

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of two counts of sexual harassment. Foreign supermarket chains won't be

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allowed into India. The government has suspended its plans to allow

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global giants such as Walmart and Tesco to enter the lucrative Indian

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retail market, valued at $450 billion. The decision announced

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last month was opposed by small traders, opposition parties and

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even some members of the governing coalition on grounds that it would

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4th after days of disruption and deadlock, the embarrassing retreat.

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51 % of retail trading is suspended and talk a consensus -- Until at

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consensus has taken place. The plan to let the big supermarket giants

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in has been opposed by those who believe it will not help small

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businesses. They employ some 20 million people. The fear is that if

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Wal-Mart and Tesco set up shop, they will be squeezed out.

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experience the world over it shows that when at large retailers come

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into the market, initially to keep away the small operators, they do

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keep their prices low. But subsequently, having wiped out the

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market of the small operators, the large retells tend to increase

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their prices. The price competitiveness does not exist when

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you become a single operator. the move has dismayed Indian

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business leaders, who see it as regressive. The big retail chains

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were expected to herald a consumer revolution, offering more for less

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and reducing wastage and improving infrastructure. With India's

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economy reeling from inflation and slowing growth, it could be an

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opportunity missed. The government may argue that you have to respect

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public opinion, but this has come as a major setback, especially for

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the Prime Minister, who is now seen as leading an administration that

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is in political paralysis. It means that no reform is likely to be

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announced at some time, which is bad news for India.

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America's Treasury Chief says he's encouraged by what he's been

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hearing on his European trip. On day two of a whirlwind visit

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Timothy Geithner met the French President Nicolas Sarkozy and

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Finance Minister Francois Baroin to discuss ways to solve the

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eurozone's debt crisis. European leaders start a key summit on

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Friday. Mr Geithner said he had faith that Europe's leaders could

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find a way out of the crisis. We have a strong and productive

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relationship. A lot of confidence in what the President of France and

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what the minister are doing, working with Germany to bring a --

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build a stronger Europe. This is not just to put in place economic

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reforms across Europe, but he tried to build a stronger Architecture

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for a fiscal union. Now, throughout this eurozone crisis, many French

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commentators have been pointing the finger at Anglo-Saxon capitalism.

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They say it was not overspending, but a lack of regulation which

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triggered the banking crash. Is that their comments, or a

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convenient smokescreen. Our correspondent reports from Paris.

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The French President has held the view for some time that finance and

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unruly globalisation should be policed. Last week he was read --

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returning to a familiar theme. The root of the Sir Bruce Forsyth's

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problems began with laissez faire politics. He means Anglo-Saxon

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economics. Mr Sarkozy has always been willing to challenge economic

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growth. France has deep suspicions of financial markets. One element

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of the financial markets that has come in for criticism is the credit

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:19:56.:19:57.

rating agency. Whilst it is tempting to see it as a them-and-us

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mentality, it is not only be Anglo- Saxon model that is being blamed.

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Where ever you look across the Continent, blame is being

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apportioned in all directions. I am joined from Paris by Pierre

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Haski, a French journalist and co- founder of the internet newspaper

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Rue 89. I was talking to a French banker the other day and he said

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that he felt that the ratings agencies were inherently anti-

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European and they were staffed by Anglo-Saxons. Is that a view widely

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held in France? A yes, it is. You have to admit that Anglo-Saxon

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capitalism is not popular in France and that his wife you have -- that

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is why you have President Sarkozy been on the side of the criticism

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of Anglo-Saxon capitalism. Remember, he is fighting for his own re-

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election in just over six months time and he has to make people

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forget that he was once in favour of introducing Anglo-Saxon roles in

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France. That is right. In the last election it was very much, we have

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to go down that road, from Sarkozy. Not only that, he had been making

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his first opening trips to Washington and London and

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forgetting about Berlin and now Germany is now the saviour of the

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eurozone and President Sarkozy wants to be seen as Germany's best

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friend. He wants everyone to forget he got it wrong initially, at least

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in terms of where France is now standing. He in London we have a

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lot of French bankers and financiers and it is the same in

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Wall Street and there are major French banks. The French

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participate in this global financial system as well. Yes, but

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that is French schizophrenia that has been going on for a long time.

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France is a player in the global system and is probably the best

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critic of the global system. Some French companies have become big

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multinational corporations, whether in banking or oil and at the same

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time, France is probably the only Western country where you hear so

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much criticism of globalisation. But that is something that the

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French are intellectually playing with in that part of the system and

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no-one is too hysterical about it. So at this is an expression, if you

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like, or of French nationalism, a convenient scapegoat, rather than a

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serious debate about different economic systems? Obviously we are

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in the mill of the crisis, so the French want to keep hope of

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maintaining their quite peculiar social system and the only way of

:23:00.:23:10.
:23:10.:23:10.

doing it is finding someone responsible for the crisis and the

:23:10.:23:15.

easy target is Anglo-Saxon capitalism. To be honest, as a

:23:15.:23:25.
:23:25.:23:25.

Frenchman, there is some truth in it. It is a widely accepted view in

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France. Thank you. Now, December 7th, 1941. It is a

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date steered into American history. Ceremonies have been held in Hawaii

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to mark the 70th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The

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Japanese assault killed more than 2,000 Americans and destroyed the

:23:50.:23:56.

US Pacific Fleet. It also drew the country into World War II. Seven

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decades later, veterans who were there that day pause to remember

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the historic event. In Pearl Harbour today, they

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gathered - the survivors of a surprise assault from the skies

:24:13.:24:20.

that would transfer the Second World War. 7th December, 1941 - a

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date that will live in infamy. words of President Franklin

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Roosevelt, capturing the shock and fury of a nation under attack.

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Unconfirmed reports are that almost every ship has been hit.

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Japanese bombers struck at first light. 2,500 people were killed.

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This shows what Pearl Harbor look like five minutes before the war

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started. When the attack began, at this man was on board a ship

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reading a comic. At first we thought there was a fire on the

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ship and then soon discovered there were planes flying around with the

:25:08.:25:18.
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Japanese flag painting on -- painted on the side. As with 9/11

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at six decades later, Pearl Harbor shattered America's sense of

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impregnability. Here, too, the US would quickly be clear war and like

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9/11, there were consequences on the home front. Japanese Americans

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were branded enemy aliens. Among stem this man who represents Hawaii

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in the Senate. All is insanity. those who survived, the very

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youngest up in their early 80s. A short time ago there was a final

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moment of silence for those they knew and last in a remote place

:26:14.:26:22.

where history turned. A quick reminder of our top news

:26:22.:26:32.
:26:32.:26:36.

story - the Syrian President has denied he ordered and 80 protesters

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-- anti-government protesters to be attacked. He said he did not feel

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guilty about the violence, but he was sorry for the lives that had

:26:44.:26:54.
:26:54.:27:06.

been lost. That's it for now. It has been a win seats -- a windy

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day to day and it is set to get worse. The Met Office had issued a

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red warning and we are expecting disruption across the country. It

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is due to this low pressure moving in off the Atlantic. We begin the

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day with sleet, rain and some snow across Scotland. It is a windy day

:27:27.:27:37.
:27:37.:27:45.

for every where -- for everyone. There will be patchy rain in the

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south-west and it will be milder. Behind the front, it is turning

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colder. Cold and blustery in Northern Ireland. There will be

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wintery showers and strong winds. For Scotland, rain, sleet and snow,

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