08/12/2011 World News Today


08/12/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today. Another shooting at Virginia Tech

:00:15.:00:21.

University. Two people are reported to have been killed at the scene at

:00:21.:00:27.

of the most deadly camper shooting in the US for years ago. European

:00:27.:00:30.

leaders arrive in Brussels for the latest in a series of crisis

:00:30.:00:36.

summits to save the eurozone. Is this the one?

:00:36.:00:41.

TRANSLATION: Everybody knows if there is no agreement, there will

:00:41.:00:47.

be no second chance. J a return to the rhetoric of the

:00:47.:00:51.

Cold War. Vladimir Putin accuses the US of fomenting unrest after

:00:51.:00:57.

the country's controversial elections. Also coming up. Tackling

:00:57.:01:02.

and ash cloud. I am flying over Europe's most

:01:02.:01:06.

active volcano, where scientists are testing the device to help

:01:06.:01:11.

pilots navigate their way through volcanic ash clouds. And the

:01:11.:01:16.

photographer who turned her lens away from famous faces to their

:01:16.:01:26.
:01:26.:01:31.

favourite homes and places. Hello. Two people are reported to

:01:31.:01:36.

have been killed after a shooting at Virginia Tech University, the

:01:36.:01:41.

scene of one of the worst shootings in the United States. A state of

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alert has been declared and people are advised to be -- remain indoors.

:01:49.:01:53.

In 2007, a student shot dead 32 people on the campus before killing

:01:53.:01:59.

himself. Our correspondent joins us from Washington. This is a

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developing story. What is the latest? The latest is we have had a

:02:05.:02:09.

statement from the University confirming two people, including a

:02:10.:02:15.

police officer, have been killed. The suspect is at large. It does

:02:15.:02:20.

not appear to be a case of a gun and walking on to campus and

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opening fire, but some sort of traffic stop that turned fatal. I

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can read some of the statement. Shortly after midday a police

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officer stopped a vehicle on campus during a routine stop. -- stop.

:02:36.:02:40.

During the stop, the officer was shot and killed. There were

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witnesses to the shooting. It says that witnesses reported to the

:02:45.:02:51.

police that the gunmen fled on foot heading towards a parking lot and

:02:51.:02:55.

there are second person was found. It is said the second person was

:02:55.:03:01.

also killed. We have update from Twitter from people on the campus,

:03:01.:03:06.

including the local student newspaper, which reports a lot of

:03:06.:03:13.

police activity right now. And also further shots Fayed. There was a

:03:13.:03:20.

report of someone taken into custody. That was wrong. But it is

:03:20.:03:25.

a fast-moving situation. There is a sense of nervousness, given what

:03:25.:03:31.

happened four years ago. It was in 2007 that a South Korean born

:03:31.:03:37.

student opened fire at the June the attack, killing 32 people and

:03:37.:03:45.

wounding 24 others. It made it the worst mass shooting in modern US

:03:45.:03:50.

history and provoked a lot of soul- searching. There were inquiries

:03:50.:03:55.

into security provision. They did change their procedures as a result.

:03:55.:04:00.

That is why when the first reports came in today, students immediately

:04:00.:04:04.

heard an alarm and they received messages on their mobile telephones

:04:04.:04:14.
:04:14.:04:15.

and were told to stay indoors. After a summer and autumn of make

:04:15.:04:20.

or break summits, European leaders are gathering in Brussels again to

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try to hammer out a deal to save the euro. President Nicolas Sarkozy

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said there will be no second chance. At the heart of the discussion is a

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bit to change the treaty and there for a move to overcome political

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and legal obstacles. It is Brussels today there is some Christmas cheer.

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But mention the euro, and Bloom sets in. They are coming back to

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meet. Will it make a difference? They are not moving forward, he

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said. The leaders meet again and again but there is never anything

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concrete. Some fear that the single currency might not survive the

:05:06.:05:12.

crisis. We found them still making new coins at the Belgian mint. The

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key problem for the eurozone is a crisis of confidence. Investors are

:05:18.:05:22.

not convinced that if they lend a eurozone countries some money they

:05:22.:05:26.

will get it all back. Until politicians can correct that

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perception, the crisis will go from bad to worse. They will try to stop

:05:32.:05:38.

that over a dinner that will last until the early hours. The leaders

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will continue to set out a plan. The two big eurozone players,

:05:43.:05:48.

France and Germany, have made progress on a compromise proposal.

:05:48.:05:55.

It envisages new rules on tax and spending. Any country that breaks

:05:55.:06:01.

them will face semi- automatic penalties. And eurozone countries

:06:01.:06:06.

will have a national budget scrutinised by Brussels. The main

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players were trying to build up support for the plan at a summit of

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the main conservative parties. Britain's Conservatives were not

:06:16.:06:19.

there after David Cameron pulled them out of that grouping two years

:06:19.:06:23.

ago. Those who attended could not have been clearer.

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TRANSLATION: Everyone knows if there is no agreement there will be

:06:28.:06:33.

no second chance. We need compromise and quick decisions.

:06:33.:06:39.

the world is watching us. Not more national problems but European

:06:39.:06:45.

solutions. My eyes to agreed that such a solution will involve this -

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- most agree. Today, the bank lowered interest rates across the

:06:51.:06:56.

eurozone to help growth. But the head of the Bank disappointed

:06:56.:06:59.

markets by playing down the prospect of any new financial

:06:59.:07:04.

support for indebted countries. This evening, David Cameron arrived,

:07:04.:07:09.

promising to protect the interests of Britain. These are important

:07:09.:07:14.

talks. We need stability that is good for European countries and for

:07:14.:07:20.

Britain. We need to protect the interests of Britain. The best

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protection would be an end to the euro crisis.

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We can go to Brussels and speak to Our correspondent. We have a lot of

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warnings. Do you get a sense there will be a break through this

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weekend so that things can be signed off next year?

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If you listen to France and Germany, you get that. They have noted

:07:48.:07:52.

police stepped up the level of rhetoric, in particular President

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Sarkozy. I was in Paris when he met Chancellor Muckle. Today also. He

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was speaking -- Angela Merkel. He was speaking about the

:08:05.:08:09.

responsibility Germany and France have to prevent atrocities

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happening again. He said they are not trying to have more rights.

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Smaller countries are feeling they are being dictated to. He said they

:08:20.:08:24.

have more responsibilities. He said both countries will suffer

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domestically from some of the proposals they are putting forward.

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They are willing to do that because the alternative is worse. We are

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not leaving until we have a deal in place, but one official said, 25

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out of 27 countries have a problem with some part of the plan. It will

:08:45.:08:50.

be a long night. Given the Lisbon treaty, with

:08:50.:08:54.

majority voting, the fear of those countries outside the eurozone is

:08:54.:09:00.

what, that they will be in the slipstream and dictated to? And

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caught up in the legal side. The countries outside face a choice.

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You have countries like Britain that want nothing to do with the

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euro. There are other countries, seven out of the ten countries that

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do not use it at the moment are committed to joining it. Eastern

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European countries, it was part of their accession negotiations.

:09:28.:09:32.

Angela Merkel repeated when she came in this evening that if they

:09:33.:09:38.

can't get an agreement with all 27, they will take one with 17 plus any

:09:38.:09:43.

other countries that want to join. That is not comfortable listening

:09:43.:09:48.

for David Cameron. It could mean that a few years of -- down the

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line you have 24 countries in the inner circle. And a small number,

:09:54.:10:00.

including Brighton, outside. -- Britain, outside. Everybody has

:10:00.:10:10.

principles they say they will stick As the state of Europe's finances

:10:10.:10:14.

are under close scrutiny, we revisited city is associated with

:10:14.:10:21.

key treaties that form Europe. 20 years ago, it was the treaty of

:10:21.:10:31.
:10:31.:10:31.

Apology for the loss of subtitles for 99 seconds

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We can go to Brussels and speak to a Liberal Democrat MP who is

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president of Union of European Federalists. Will Europe be saved

:12:13.:12:21.

in principle this weekend? In principle and practice, it is

:12:21.:12:27.

not easy to speculate on the outcome. The preparation of this

:12:27.:12:36.

has been chaotic. With Angela Merkel in her stolid way and

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President Sarkozy in his rather mercurial fashion. Sort of flying

:12:45.:12:55.
:12:55.:12:56.

freelance, without speaking to bear partners or the commission. -- to

:12:56.:13:01.

their partners. And ignoring Parliament, too. There is an awful

:13:01.:13:11.
:13:11.:13:13.

lot that needs to be achieved if market and Democratic confidence

:13:13.:13:18.

can be restored. What seems to be clear, and you

:13:18.:13:23.

could give your reaction, is that politically, they have been nowhere

:13:23.:13:31.

near the speed of markets and business. Markets and business have

:13:31.:13:41.

seen what politicians have not. That is right. It is wrong to

:13:41.:13:51.
:13:51.:13:52.

complain about the strength of the Berlin and Paris axis. The problem

:13:52.:14:02.
:14:02.:14:04.

is that it is weak, it is not sufficiently strong to plot and

:14:04.:14:14.
:14:14.:14:23.

programme a serious change of the treaties. And to install a credible,

:14:23.:14:32.

discernible government of the economy. That is what we need. I

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think the fact is that we are going into a fiscal union, with much

:14:41.:14:51.
:14:51.:14:53.

greater integration of the core group. If there is fiscal

:14:53.:15:03.
:15:03.:15:05.

solidarity between taxpayers, that has also to be managed, directed

:15:05.:15:15.
:15:15.:15:17.

and democratically legitimised. And we are going to move on, thank you

:15:17.:15:24.

very much indeed for joining us. It has been a turbulent week for

:15:24.:15:29.

the Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin. First, his party did worse

:15:29.:15:33.

in elections and then thousands of people took to the streets to

:15:33.:15:38.

protest over his leadership. Today he blamed it on the United States.

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He accused the US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton of

:15:42.:15:51.

encouraging protests in this The protests this week. A sudden a

:15:51.:15:58.

weakening of many people here in Russia. After a decade of a

:15:58.:16:06.

authority again rule imposed by Vladimir Putin. These demonstrators

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are disenchanted following allegations of fraud in the

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elections and the prospect of another decade with Putin in power.

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Today the Prime Minister responded by going on the offensive himself,

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directly accusing the United States of stirring up the protests and

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funding the opposition. TRANSLATION: The Secretary of

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State set the tone for some of the personalities inside the country

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and gave them the signal. They heard the signal and with support

:16:43.:16:49.

from the State Department they have started at of work. Following the

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vote on Sunday there has been a stream of reports including from

:16:53.:16:56.

election officials themselves, alleging the ballots were rigged to

:16:56.:17:02.

ensure the ruling party won. There was soon strong criticism from

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world leaders including Hillary Clinton who expressed her dismayed

:17:06.:17:15.

during a meeting on Tuesday that the organisation meeting on Tuesday.

:17:15.:17:22.

There were efforts to call the election monitoring by the

:17:22.:17:26.

respected independent civil society organisation. The work of that

:17:26.:17:30.

company is exactly the type of activities that countries committed

:17:30.:17:34.

to the rule of law should welcome but in the last few days, its

:17:34.:17:40.

members have been hauled into court, its website has been subjected to

:17:40.:17:46.

massive cyber attacks and its motives have been maligned. Despite

:17:46.:17:49.

this, Government supporters have also been out on the streets here

:17:49.:17:54.

in Moscow this week. They are determined to defend the election

:17:54.:17:59.

result as a true representation of the will of the people. The true

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question is whether the broader population believes this and

:18:04.:18:08.

whether support for her the Government of Britain will ever

:18:08.:18:15.

wane. In the battle between humans and nature there are times when

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nature seems to win hands down. Last year these guys were closed,

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the airline's counter the costs. Scientists are fighting back, they

:18:26.:18:30.

now believe they can prevent a repeat of the disturbance of the

:18:30.:18:39.

volcanic ash clouds in Iceland. When this Icelandic volcano erupted

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in April last year, it looked like the end of the world. And for the

:18:43.:18:45.

10 million passengers affected by a week of cancelled flights, it felt

:18:45.:18:50.

a bit like it, too. So imagine, if there was a way in which planes

:18:50.:18:54.

themselves could monitor eruptions and keep flying. Looming over the

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Sicilian countryside is Mount Etna, Europe's most active volcano. This

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little microlight has been buzzing over it for weeks collecting ash

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:19:11.:19:14.

cloud data. We are now flying towards the ash bloom and this is a

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situation any pilot could face, knowing there is activity in the

:19:18.:19:23.

region but not knowing how dense the ash clouds are. This equipment

:19:23.:19:28.

can measure the density of the clouds and help the pilot get

:19:28.:19:32.

through them. The research is being funded by EasyJet and the system,

:19:32.:19:35.

called AVOID, is still being refined. But eventually, the pilot

:19:35.:19:38.

will see a scheme like this, showing how much ash is in the air

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and how far away it is. At the moment we do not have anything on

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board the aircraft to measure the ash clouds. This is almost like the

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change we had when we had weather radar. During the first eruption we

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discovered the levels of cash were extremely low. If we had realised

:20:05.:20:11.

that I am sure 90% of the airspace would have been opened. This

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plane's now being shipped off to step is to test the unit on an

:20:18.:20:21.

Airbus. All the airlines will be offered the finished product and a

:20:21.:20:29.

network of planes, combined with satellite data, could map the skies.

:20:29.:20:33.

Children in the country about to be introduced to an American favourite.

:20:34.:20:40.

Sesame Street goes on here on Pakistan on Saturday. It is not

:20:40.:20:50.
:20:50.:20:52.

cheap. US aid has committed $10 million over four years. Meet the

:20:52.:21:00.

cast of Pakistan's sesame Street. Elmore is here but he is surrounded

:21:00.:21:10.
:21:10.:21:13.

by new friends. -- Elmo. A Pakistani village has been created

:21:13.:21:22.

on set. Here is these that of the show, cricket-mad, energetic and

:21:22.:21:26.

curious. She looks to the daughter of the village school teacher for

:21:26.:21:31.

help. The Twelve-year-old to please her says the puppets are like

:21:31.:21:35.

family. I feel Like They are my younger sisters and brothers

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because I am telling them a lot of stuff and they are learning from me.

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A do you think the children who watch the show would learn a lot? I

:21:44.:21:50.

think they would get more educated than when they go to school.

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pre-school educators will be strong female lead will win over the next

:21:55.:22:00.

generation in this conservative society. In schools in general the

:22:00.:22:03.

children take a step back but maybe by seeing our strong headed

:22:03.:22:08.

character who is the captain of the cricket team and is not afraid to

:22:08.:22:12.

ask questions, I am hoping the children will relate to that and

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maybe take some courage and start to love her fra that. -- for that.

:22:21.:22:28.

The Peter behind this production know all about courage. They have

:22:28.:22:33.

been bombed by militants in the past but they know all about the

:22:33.:22:41.

future for Pakistan's children. In this scene be child is asking where

:22:41.:22:45.

does the sun go at night? The Pope to provide basic language and maths

:22:45.:22:51.

skills. The Americans have made a very big investment in all of this.

:22:51.:22:58.

They hope it will also teach lessons intolerance. This character

:22:58.:23:02.

and his friends will celebrate holidays marked by different

:23:02.:23:06.

religions, a message of togetherness rather than heat, a

:23:06.:23:11.

message that is often missing here. Many in Pakistan never get the

:23:11.:23:17.

chance to learn. One-third of young children do not go to school. This

:23:18.:23:27.
:23:28.:23:30.

programme may be their only teacher. Annie Leibowitz is one of the

:23:30.:23:36.

world's most acclaimed photographers, best known for her

:23:36.:23:40.

photographs of John Lennon and Queen Elizabeth. Today her

:23:40.:23:46.

exhibition opens in London featuring a very personal set of

:23:46.:23:56.
:23:56.:23:58.

images associated with her own favourite people. I was definitely

:23:58.:24:02.

going down a different trail. I just wanted to hit the road and get

:24:02.:24:12.
:24:12.:24:13.

out. Really, it was a kind of voyage of discovery. It was a very

:24:13.:24:20.

personal set of pictures. I really did it not with the intention of it

:24:20.:24:25.

being seen but it was to fill myself up. If I was going to hope

:24:25.:24:30.

that anything could be gleaned from it is that these places are out

:24:30.:24:40.

there for us all. You do not need a ticket. You can get so taken into

:24:40.:24:44.

each of these subjects in a good way which is what is wonderful

:24:44.:24:50.

about them. They is so much to know about them and you can live in all

:24:50.:24:55.

of these subjects. I tried to pull myself in and out relatively fast,

:24:55.:25:03.

little more than a tourist. I am not a big fan of the tripod. I am

:25:03.:25:09.

used to moving. I had to learn how to put the camera on a tripod and

:25:09.:25:19.
:25:19.:25:22.

shoot an object. I tried to feel emotional with it. I was very lucky.

:25:22.:25:28.

I received an award. I was receiving the award in Santa Fe at

:25:28.:25:33.

a museum and the offered to take me out to a branch. I'll literally

:25:33.:25:43.
:25:43.:25:44.

take out of the corner -- came round the corner, I met this artist,

:25:44.:25:49.

there was a single bed and a view out to the valley. There was a

:25:49.:25:54.

frugality to it and the simplicity to it. I hadn't a weakening and an

:25:54.:26:00.

understanding. I was preaching to myself, not anyone else. I was

:26:00.:26:05.

trying to understand these subject myself. Photography has always been

:26:05.:26:10.

a great tool for me in that way, a week to look at anything or

:26:10.:26:17.

discover it for her journey to it. So, under the guise of using

:26:17.:26:27.
:26:27.:26:33.

photography I get to go deeper into Annie Leibowitz talking about her

:26:33.:26:39.

new book. A quick reminder of our main news. Two people including a

:26:39.:26:43.

police officer reported to have been killed at Virginia Tech in

:26:44.:26:51.

Virginia. This be seen of the worst shooting in America two years ago.

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:05.

Coming up there is more from me and Today's reign is sweeping away.

:27:05.:27:09.

While it is felt -- still very windy in the north that is easing

:27:09.:27:16.

away. There will be a high winds with snow in northern Scotland with

:27:16.:27:22.

the higher risk of ice as well by the time we get to Friday. There

:27:22.:27:26.

will be a few wintry showers running south from Northern Ireland

:27:26.:27:30.

into North Wales but some did sunshine either side. There will be

:27:30.:27:35.

some late sunshine returning to northern parts of England. A few

:27:35.:27:41.

showers drifting down into Norfolk. Much of the south-east will have a

:27:41.:27:46.

lovely day with lots of sunshine around. A less windy day for all of

:27:46.:27:52.

us tomorrow. Plenty of sunshine for the south-west of England. Just one

:27:52.:27:57.

or two showers. There will be more cloud and showers coming into Wales

:27:57.:28:01.

over the hills. It should try Appin Northern Ireland with more sunshine

:28:01.:28:07.

in the afternoon but it will be much colder. The wins will continue

:28:07.:28:10.

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