09/12/2011 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 09/12/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. The birth of a new


Europe? The UK refuses to sign a new EU treaty to tackle the


Eurozone crisis. With the other 26 members either prepared or close to


signing up, David Cameron says it's not in Britain's national interest.


So what now for the UK in the EU? We were offered a treaty that


didn't have proper safeguards for Britain and I decided it was not


right to sign that treaty. That was the decision I took. Everybody knew


that we are talking about something very important, very important


decisions. We regretted that Great Britain is not able to go along the


same path. Congo braces for violence as the


opposition candidate rejects the presidential election results


saying he's the rightful winner. A rare sign of confidence in the hope


for peace in Somalia with a visit from the UN Secretary General. Also


coming up in the programme: Feeling the heat: protesters dominate the


final day of the climate change conference in Durban. How one woman


overcame a lifetime of obstacles to become an artistic sensation - we


meet Iraqi Kurdistan's Lady Of Hello and welcome. He says it's in


Britain's national interest, but David Cameron's refusal to sign a


pact to stabilise the euro has not made him a popular man in Europe.


As 26 of the EU's other members agreed in principle to the deal,


the British prime minister said it would compromise the UK's


sovereignty by ceding some budgetary powers to Brussels.


Britain's relationship with the European Union, he conceded, has


changed. The BBC's Europe Editor, Gavin Hewitt reports from Brussels.


This was a summit when the you changed, a summit full of tension.


The French President's was chipper, the British Prime Minister managing


a clenched smile as Britain's relationship with Europe changed


too. France and Germany wanted to amend the treaty is to impose


tougher discipline on budgets, but needed British agreement but the


Prime Minister wanted safeguards in return. The arguments continued


until 4 am. Good morning, sorry for keeping you up. I said before


coming to Brussels that if I could not get adequate safeguards for


Britain in a new European treaty, I would not agree. What is on offer


is not in Britain's interests so I did not agree. Cameron wanted to


protect the UK's financial services sector but the French and Germans


were in no mood to make concessions. David Cameron asked for something


we thought was unacceptable. To exempt the UK from regulations on


financial-services which we think a large part of the problem comes


from the deregulation of financial services. So the idea of treaty


change was effectively sunk by a British veto. Before the leaders


headed off for two hours' sleep, they made it clear if they could


not get changed the eurozone countries would go it alone with a


deal of their own. Gradually it was clear how isolated Britain had


become. For most of the other countries not in the eurozone, they


indicated they might sign up. Increasingly it appeared as if it


might end up with Britain on one side and 26 other countries on the


other. So what have these eurozone countries signed up to? Greater


European control on tax and spending, national budgets will be


viewed at European level first, sanctions for those who overspend


like Greece and Italy, these countries will meet monthly,


Britain will be excluded. Daybreak after a marathon a night, the


leaders returns to the summit and Angela Merkel said this about


Cameron. David Cameron was at the negotiating table and we made this


decision, we could not make a lousy compromise for the euro, we had to


set up hard rules. Other leaders noted eat Britain was alone in


demanding concessions. Brits are divided and they are out side of


decision-making. The mood to extend to a ceremony welcoming Croatia as


the latest EU member. Last but not least, the United Kingdom. Mr David


Cameron. The Prime Minister said he was not frightened of being left


out of future talks. So Europe's leaders headed home with a new pact


to instil discipline overspending. What has not been addressed his


debt and low growth. The fundamental problems of the


eurozone. David Cameron insists Britain will


still have a significant influence in Europe despite being the only EU


country to veto the new agreement. His decision has delighted the


eurosceptics within his party but may encourage calls for a


referendum in the UK. The BBC's political editor Nick Robinson has


more. This picture might not make it onto


David Camerons mantelpiece. It captures the moment the European


family split, 26 against one. The moment a British Prime Minister


made a stand, the moment others say he was hopelessly outmanoeuvred by


the French President. You're in a room with 26 others say put aside


for national interest, go with the crowd, do what will make life easy


there in the room but you say no, it's important we get the things


Britain needs and I decided not to sign the treaty. On the morning


after a long night before, Cameron found himself alone at the EU


summit table. He might have to get used to it, the leaders of France


and Germany and the commission will plan Europe's economic future


without Britain. Even countries now not in the euro will join in. When


Europe's leaders meet, it's possible 26 will be in the room,


one, you, Britain, will not be there. How is that in the countries


interest? We are not in the euro, we do not want to join the euro is


so I do not need to go to those meetings. There is 17 leaders, this


is one country, one leader is not there. It is right for Britain to


say which bits of Europe most benefit us as a nation and to focus


on those things, I am not frightened of the fact sometimes


you might not be included. Are we better off outside the euro? You


bet we are! Sarkozy left smiling, he has always argued Britain should


not influence decisions but to none of our business. We are in the


parts of Europe we need to be, the single-market but we are not


involved in this complex treaty with tougher punishments for


countries in other parts of Europe that leave be on their means,


additional complexity, bureaucracy and rules. We are not in that.


David Cameron headed home knowing he has done something even Margaret


Thatcher never did, Britain is still in the EU but much of it is


now heading off in a completely different direction.


Ian Watson it joins us from Brussels. What is the mood towards


Britain? The mood is to fold, some of politicians here feel irritation


with Britain but they were pushing their own demands in protecting the


financial-services industry were never such a big crisis in the


eurozone. The second view is more nuanced, they expect Britain to


stay out side of the single currency and push its own interests


but feel when it came to negotiations, David Cameron


miscalculated, he felt Angela Merkel would have been on site to


give concessions to get a treaty of all 27 EU states. In fact, in the


end, she said no, she sided with the French. Sometimes you can


divide France and Germany but not over the euro. It was felt it was a


gamble which went wrong for David Cameron. He is putting a brave face


on it, he says different countries can do different things and his


stock is high with some of his own MPs. The view here is perhaps he


could have played his hand rather better or perhaps should not have


been the first place been pushing demands which seemed peripheral at


the time of major crisis. On the point of the transaction tax, he


said that was at the heart of this but the EU is going hell-for-


leather try to make Frankfurt and Paris the French will centre of


Europe. Well, the French and Germans say no, they are happy to


protect London and a sympathetic to London as a major financial centre


but they would say simply this, while London has pre-eminence at


the moment as a financial centre in Europe, they were not prepared to


agree what they saw as the concessions and special treatment


for Britain on a certain things which David Cameron wanted which


they felt undermined the single market when it came to financial


transactions. He listed the demands at 2:30am, they included making


sure member states would have full consultation and a veto over future


financial regulations and the French and Germans especially felt


that went too far. That shows the gulf between Britain and other


countries because David Cameron felt these were reasonable demands


and some of his own MPs thought he was not asking for enough.


In a few minutes we'll be speaking to the UK's minister for Europe


David Lidington but first let's look at the day's other major


stories. Now a look at some of the days other news. The Democratic


Republic of Congo is bracing itself for violence, the results of the


election show a come -- a comfortable majority for the


incumbent. There were warnings they will reject anything other than


victory for their candidate. Let's go to Nairobi and speak to will


Ross. Etienne Tshisekedi has declared himself the leader. What


is happening at the moment? It is a tense city at the moment.


There was some gunfire we understand from the anti- riot


police to get some of those supporters away from his home.


There has been a fair number of clashes, there have been a few


clashes recently between anti- riot police and Etienne Tshisekedi


supporters. Etienne Tshisekedi, who was defeated in this election, has


called for Supporters to become and has also said to wait for his word


on what he wants to do next. The options are to go to the courts as


challenge the results but the problem is the opposition says it


has no faith in the judicial system, it is packed with supporters of


President can be left. Will he called for mass protests because


there is a fear if that happens they could be violence. When you


look at the reaction of the independent observers, they say the


results were flawed but not fraudulent. Well, you get different


stories from different observers. Frankly, none of the observer


groups could get a proper picture of what was happening across the


country. There were whole areas of Congo, where there were no


international observers whatsoever monitoring the vote counting. It is


quite clear the transparency of the vote count itself was a bit


questionable, there were concerns from different members of the


international community trying to assess the election but a


complicated poll and it is clear up a dangerous situation, many


candidates have support and income Chasseur Etienne Tshisekedi has a


great deal of support. It is a precarious situation, a lot of


tension end the facts we now have the loser declaring himself the


winner does not bode well. The international community will be


keeping a close side and we have heard from the International


Criminal Court in the Hague which says using a lecture will violence


to get into office were not be a ticket to the presidency, it will


be a ticket to the Hague. Thank you. Anger Barbon agreement has


dominated final day of the UN talks in Durban. World leaders have spent


two weeks try to hammer out a deal. Slogan chanting activist try to


break into the meeting hall urging delegates to come up with a binding


agreement to/emissions by 2015 at the latest. Let's cross to our


correspondent who has been covering the conference. I read reports


suggesting momentum is building behind an EU plan, is that your


sense? There's more smoke and mirrors about this process than


there is substance. You get different messages from different


people and some of them you know are correct and others are telling


you because he wanted to have a message to the world. Clearly there


is momentum but there always is, we should have finished all ready.


That is how late in the day we are. Ministers have been meeting, the


meeting has just broken, an informal meeting to hammer out the


big remaining issues and I think we are due to here later in the


evening what might have happened. China is a key to all of this, do


you get any idea of whether it will hang on to his position as a


developing nation with the extra demand at the end that it will have


to conform to more stringent conditions than perhaps other


At the moment, China is going to hang on to its status as a


developing nation in that context. On the other hand, it has indicated


previously that it wants to take emissions cuts commensurate with


its development in the future. I interpret that to mean that when


the emissions get high enough it would be willing to take on the


same commitments that Western countries have. The Chinese have


previously been very open, they spoke to pass on a number of the


occasions, but today they have been out of the public eye. -- they


spoke to last. The UN Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon, who has been


visiting Somalia, has called on the Islamist group Al-Shabab to stop


violence and join in the police -- peace process. He met the President


and Prime Minister. The Secretary- General also visited a refugee camp.


Ban Ki-moon's trip is one of the highest level visit to Somalia in


years. Al-Shabab has attacked targets in the capital but has


moved out of the city in recent months. The Secretary-General


really wanted to highlight the plight of the newly 0.5 million


refugees that fled Somalia and live here in the Kenyan border. His


security people that it was not safe enough to go to the actual


camp, so he is staying in the UN compound. The refugees are meeting


him here. The media is preoccupied by the news that Al-Shabab has


expelled a number of aid organisations. The Secretary-


General has condemned that. He was in Mogadishu just before he came


here, but while there, he focused on political issues. The UN is


pushing a political road map. They are trying to get the authorities


to come up with a new constitution and reform Parliament by August.


They are quite impatient with these authorities, they are weak and


corrupt. He said a strong message that they should take this road map


seriously. They should extend their authority and try and win public


support. The African peacekeepers in Mogadishu have recently pushed


out the Al-Shabab militants, and the visit to Mogadishu shows there


has been some progress. Even though that is the case, the militants are


fighting back. There has been a number of attacks in Mogadishu this


week. Activists in Syria say 13 people


have been killed in anti-government demonstrations. A number of pro-


government demonstrations have been reported. A roadside bomb has


killed at least five French UN peacekeepers and 11 civilians -- a


Lebanese civilian. The Prime Minister has condemned the attack.


A letter bomb has exploded in the tax office in Rome. The director-


general was wounded in the explosion. It comes one day after a


similar bomb was sent to the chairman of Deutsche Bank. The


Dutch government has apologised for a massacre committed by its


soldiers in Indonesia more than 60 years ago as the company fought for


independence. A sermon was held in the village of Rawagede on the


island of Jaafar. -- Java. Pope Benedict will visit Cuba next year.


It is the second time he has visited. A Cuban church official


confirmed he would meet members of the Government during the visit.


For most of her life, Haji Khanem has lived in impoverished


conditions in Iraqi Kurdistan with no chance of developing her


creative talent. At the age of 75 she is now living in Amsterdam and


has become an artistic sensations. The Dutch media are calling her the


Lady of Colour. She is known as the Lady of Colour, but she has never


been to school or taking any art classes. Haji Khanem waited for 65


years to show her talent. Creating a piece of art gives me pleasure.


If you do not have a purpose in life you can fall into depression.


She loves music and flowers. Years of war in Iraqi Kurdistan took away


any chance to enjoy the beauty of nature. Her father did not let her


go to school, and at a young age, she was married off to an older man


who had four children already. I got married my husband was 36 off


37. I was only 15. Life was very difficult. I had talent and was


good at making things with my hand, but I never got the chance to use


it. When her husband died, Haji Khanem moved to the Netherlands. It


was in Amsterdam she had the chance to see the works of Vincent van


Gogh. She would spend hours in museums and galleries. She cannot


pronounce Vincent van Gogh, and she calls him the man with one ear.


When I arrived I was panicking and did not know how low it learned --


how I would learn that the strange Dutch names. But I started painting


and peoples all my work and started to love it. -- people witnessed my


work. Many people have bought her work and there has been bake


exhibitions. Despite sickness and eight she has finally fulfilled her


talent. It is something she believes millions of suppressed


women around the world should have The Lady of Colour. Opening doors


and using cash machines does not sound impressive until you hear it


is being done by docks. Herein Britain, six puppies are being


trained to do things like that to help injured servicemen and


servicewomen. Six new recruits which could change lives. In a few


short months, these puppies are destined for the homes of those who


love lost their mobility and independence. For now, it is the


basics. The simple commands and the idea that doing something right


will be rewarded with praise and a treat. It is very rewarding. The


first few months are the most difficult because that is when they


are learning so much so quickly. You see it on the television all


the time, what they have been very and still have to go through,


especially with serious injuries, and they do not think enough is


done for them. The initiative has been driven by this man, a former


chief petty officer. He was left partially paralysed after the Gulf


war, and he says his chance encounter with one special dog gave


him the strength to fight back. His head injuries were so severe that


he remembered little of his past life and nothing of his wife and


family. That was before this labrador became his friend and


helper. Little by little, he regained his memory and his love


for those dearest to him. brought me back to my wife and


children in such a manner that we got remarried five years ago. He


saved my life. Now there is another dog. He is also an expert with


buttons. He can do the weekly shop. This is life enabling. There are so


many people that could benefit from a dog. It does not stop here. When


the guns go quiet on the battlefield, the battle is


beginning for so many. The new recruits have a fine example to


follow. For the dogs and their owners, the rewards are unending.


Now what our lead story. Britain's refusal to tackle eurozone crisis.


Britain is isolated, cast adrift. Where are we going to have any


influence if we do not have a seat at the top table? We are full


members of the European Union, and nothing that was agreed at the


summit as in any way changed the requirements of the treaty of


Lisbon. What happened is we were unable to agree to a treaty that


the eurozone members wanted within the context of an amendment to the


treaty of Lisbon. They chose to go ahead with a separate agreement. We


work closely with our partners in the European Union on a range of


issues, from developing the digital market, the single energy market,


both of which were in the summit, cutting the cost of regulation, the


vigorous co-operation on foreign policy. Do you think the UK will be


punished for this? I do not think that is how grown-up European


countries behave. I think European countries today look for


opportunities where they can find the issues on which they can co-


operate. Clearly there are differences of national interest


from time to time, and David Cameron rightly decided that what


was on offer did not provide adequate safeguards for the United


Kingdom's national interests. have made that point. Nick Clegg,


the Prime Minister has spoken to him and told him of the decision.


What you make of his comments that Britain runs the risk of becoming


more marginalised? We have to work very hard to make sure we do not


see the development of eurozone countries against us. When I speak


to them, I speak to ministers from Austria, Germany, and they want to


work with us. That's all for now, goodbye.


Temperatures are tumbling this evening, and with clear skies we


will have the coldest night of the winter so far. Widespread frost and


icy conditions. Accord started tomorrow, many places will be dry


with some sunshine. -- a cold start. Chilly start with icy conditions.


Most of the showers will fade away. Some showers will continue to run


into the north-west of England. It will be a night braced -- a nice,


bright day. The cloud may increase in the south-west. We will keep


some showers around, some running into Wales. For Northern Ireland,


it will be a bit mixed. Temperatures will struggle up to


six degrees. Temperatures will be higher in Scotland, compared to


Download Subtitles