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This is BBC World News Today with me Kirsty Lang. Terror strikes at a
Christmas market in Belgium. Five people are dead and dozens injured
after a gunman opens fire and throws grenades in Liege.
Vital to life, but have they found it? Scientists report tantalises
glances of the list of Higgs Boson article.
Canada goes cold on stopping climate change - it pulls out of
the Kyoto Protocol which caps greenhouse emissions, Colin it
unworkable. It is now clear that Keele tour is
not the path forward to a global solution to climate change.
Anything, it is an impediment. Also coming up: His own party
chairs has British bulldog spirit, but across Europe, Prime Minister
David Cameron is accused of poor diplomacy. In politics there is one
golden rule - you only walk away if you are sure that the others will
come up after you to win you back. And offensive or inspired? The plan
skyscraper in Seoul that is bringing back memories of 9/11.
Fay hello and welcome. A grenade and gun attack in the
Belgian city of Liege has left five people dead, including a baby girl
and two teenagers and the attacker himself. Officials say 75 others
were injured. A man opened fire in a city centres where that was full
of Christmas shoppers, before killing himself.
They ran for their lives this afternoon. 1230 in a European city
centre. As rumours swirled that one possibly two or three gunmen on the
loose. Shots were fired in the main square, next to Liege's Christmas
market. And grenades were thrown. They were at least two large
explosions. It is very terrible. I am still shocked. I just saw one
man shooting people. And some explosion, two were three. All the
people ran from there to here. Some people went into the shopping
centre. Special forces won the city centre. Cutting it off and sealing
off office and shop workers indoors. The attack happened just outside
the main court house here. Many of the wounded were taken there. As
ambulances struggle to get to them in time. I saw in the market all
the people lying down bleeding. I stop my card to seek if I could
help some people. All the people must have gone inside. By this time,
it was becoming clear there was just one gunman. And now he lay
dead, just off the main square. He killed himself, the police said. A
33-year-old, he had previous convictions were gun and drug
offences according to local media. This evening the Belgian King and
Queen arrived in Liege to see the misery for themselves. Prosecutors
say they do not know yet why this happened. What everyone here does
not is that this was a day of panic, of death that few will forget.
Let us go live to the city of Liege. Has any more emerged about who this
gunman was? We know that he was a 33-year-old. He lived in Liege,
Nordine Amrani. He was known to police and has previous convictions.
He was due today to be having an interview with the police about
other matters related to drug trafficking. But clearly that did
not take place. He ended up in the square behind me, carrying out this
terrible attack. Shooting from a rooftop and throwing explosives as
well. We have heard from local media. It is believed five people
in addition to the gunmen are dead. A two-year-old baby has now died,
as has the 20-year-old. That is an addition to a 15-year-old boy, a
17-year-old Beryl and his 75-year- old women. -- a 17-year-old goal.
Thank you very much. Also this afternoon at man in the
Italian city of Florence opened fire and killed two Senegalese
street vendors. He also winded four others before turning the gun on
himself. He was described as a far- right militants. Around 200
Senegalese street vendors demonstrated after the shootings.
It is perhaps the toughest question in physics - how did the universe
start. Today scientists at the CERN laboratory in Switzerland say they
may be close to an answer. They believe they have found evidence of
the mysterious particle known as the Higgs Boson. It has the
nickname the God particle because it is thought to be the original
building block of the universe and explains why objects have last. Our
science correspondent reports on what could be one of the more
scientific breakthroughs of all time.
In an underground laboratory near Geneva, the world's largest
experiment is homing in on one of the greatest mysteries of the
universe. Firing particles through a circular tunnel, scientists are
closer to understanding the basic building blocks of life. This
afternoon, a long-awaited announcement.. Her we are here
today to hear the latest. Some of the brightest minds in physics
gathered in one room, comparing findings from two experience that
both point to the existence of a fundamental and -- fundamentally
important article that it remained hidden until now. We will get a
definite answer on the Higgs. We saw some tantalising hints today.
To explore how the universe works, scientists have delved deeper into
atoms and the strange world inside them. First there is the nucleus
with electrons orbiting around it. That has been known for over a
century. Inside the nucleus there are protons and neutrons. The
journey goes on, inside them are quarks and other minute particles.
But what gives these tiny thing substance or mass? The theory is
that the smallest particles travel through force called the pigs field
and they get slowed down by it. This is how the Higgs Boson works.
You cannot see but you can see how it gives particle substance. The
creation of matter. That is why these first answer so momentous.
Every particle in your body at every Montes interacting with this
field. It is like a cosmic treacle that permeates the universe. That
is what gives particles mask and that it ultimately gives us
structure. They come from two channels. One is a Higgs Boson.
This results are being examined by signed is all over the world. Here
are the students watch the events unfold. People have been waiting a
whole is for this. I feel this is a special moment. It is nice to be
part of the group that has had a big part in this. This
extraordinary machine is so vast they lent me a bicycle to go round
it. It has not given us a definitive answer. They may come
next year. But these detectors have revealed vital clues about how the
universe got started. I am joined by a professor Steven
Weinberg, the Nobel winning Prize physicist who first predicted that
Higgs Boson. How excited are you buy if what they announced today?
It is extremely exciting. It is always amazing when things that
were emerging out of mathematics and a theoretical way turn out to
exist in Riyait -- existing in the real world. I must admit that it is
always exciting. Did you expect to see this in your lifetime? Yes. I
expected it to see it earlier. There was a large accelerator that
was going to be built in Texas. Congress and this was done to
cancel the 1993. If that had been built, we would have seen this a
decade or so earlier. You were awarded the Nobel Prize for a
Theory there predicts the particle. Does this prove you're right, your
theory right? It proves that if this holds up, and we should add
that, it proves the simplest version of the theory right. Most
of the features of the Theory are well-established. There is a
fundamental cemetery in Nature that of unbroken would prevent any
particles, any element, from having masses. That symmetry has been
broken. This experiment, if it holds up, will confirm the simplest
idea of how that symmetry was broken. And how particles got the
masses. But we are not there yet? CERN have said we have seen hits.
Professor Higgs, after whom the particle is named, says he is not
cracking open the sound -- champagne yet. Is that them being
cautious? It is good to be cautious. Looking at the research articles
that CERN put out today, my guess is that the chance of this being a
statistical accident, a fluke, is probably less than 1%. But as every
insurance company will tell you, things that have a likelihood of
only 1%, do happened about 1% of the time. Thank you very much.
Staying with his subject, I am joined by another physicist,
Professor Jim Al-Khalili from central London. I am going to ask
you that very difficult question - what does this all mean? Why should
we all care? To begin with, it is not going to lead to some sort of
technological breakthrough that will change are the peoples' lives.
This is part of putting the jigsaw together of how the universe is
made up. The Higgs Boson is the fundamental particle that explains
why all the other particles, all the older building blocks have the
properties they do. As Professor Steven Weinberg mentioned, the
theory has been frozen for some decades. Finally we have some
evidence a weak heart on the right tracks. -- have been proven.
Brian Cox said it's like some cosmic trickle doubles as
altogether. Someone said it is like a celebrity walking through a crowd
of paparazzi. There was a competition. Almost 20 years ago
for physicists to come up with that explanation. The celebrity who
walks into a room with partygoers, the more famous there, the more
there is a huddle of wannabes gathering around them. In particle
physics, the equivalent is the more heavier particle is, the harder it
is from A to B. So, yes it is like treacle. Without it, all the
particles would travel at the speed of light. You can only travel at
that speed if you do not wear anything. But we know that some
particles are heavy and some are like. Why are they so different?
The Higgs Boson is the particle version of the field, the field
that permeates the whole universe explains why some particles are
light and some are heavy. So it fits everything into place very
nicely. And why is it called the God particle? This was a nickname
it was given some years ago by an American physicist in trying to get
across how important this article was to our fundamental theories.
Without it we would have to go back to the drawing boards and start
again. So the God particle is because it is a very powerful
explanation that helps describe the rest of the particles. They all
behave the way they do because of the Higgs Boson. It is a sort of
missing link thought. It is not the last piece of the jokes. If it is
confirmed, there are still more questions. There is still what is
dark matter are dark energy? There are plenty more puzzles to solve.
think I understand it a little bit The Russian President Dmitry
Medvedev has said the new parliament chosen in the election
earlier this month will have its first session on December the 21st
- that's despite allegations of fraud. In a meeting with party
leaders, Mr Medvedev acknowledged the complaints of malpractice, but
gave no indication that he was considering a re-run.
The Burmese opposition party led by Aung San Suu Kyi has been given
official permission by the government to re-register - paving
the way for it to re-join the political system. The party was
declared illegal after it boycotted last year's election, which was
widely criticised as unfair and undemocratic.
Tunisia's new President Moncef Marzouki has said he will remain
faithful to the goals of the country's revolution. At his
swearing-in ceremony, Mr Marzouki said Tunisia was being watched as
"a laboratory of democracy". Tunisia's mass protests were the
trigger for the Arab Spring revolts across the region.
The Palestinian flag is flying for the first time at the headquarters
of a United Nations agency. It was hoisted at a ceremony at the Paris
office of the cultural agency, UNESCO. The admission of Palestine
as a member in October represented a symbolic victory in the
Palestinians' push for an independent state. It sparked fury
in Israel and the US. There's a confrontation in Papua
New Guinea between two men who both claim to be prime minister. Sir
Michael Somare was deposed in August while recovering from heart
surgery in Singapore. But Peter O'Neill, who replaced Mr Somare and
is recognised by parliament as the legitimate prime minister, has
rejected a court ruling asking him to step down.
Canada has pulled out of the Kyoto Protocol on reducing emissions of
greenhouse gases. The announcement comes the day after international
climate talks in Dublin finished without agreement on a successor to
Kyoto which expires at the end of next year. Canada's Environment
Minister said that staying in the treaty would be harmful to his
country's economy. It is the world's largest car-borne
emitter, so China may not be the obvious candidate to lead criticism
of Canada's decision to withdraw from kilter. Hence, from the
Chinese foreign ministry, this response to the Canadian move.
TRANSLATION: Canada's decision to withdraw it is against the efforts
of the international community as - - and is regrettable. We also hope
cannot double face up to its two responsibilities.
But Canadian Government is unapologetic about its decision
which was saved the country billions of dollars in fines for
missing its Kyoto targets. They Kyoto protocol does not cover the
world's two largest emitters, the United States and China, and
therefore cannot work. It is now clear that Kyoto is not the path
forward for a global solution to climate change. If anything, it is
an impediment. The Government says it is still
committed to addressing climate change in a way that is fair and
does not harm the Canadian economy, but its move, the first formal
withdrawal from Kyoto, has been attacked by environmentalists and
opposition at home. Many see Canada's bombing past vans Industry,
opening the way to death vast oil reserves, opening the way to that
its move. Canada was already on the defensive
at the latest international climate change talks in South Africa which
a volley just concluded, but it says the deal which there is a way
forward, aiming for a new pact covering all the big emitters,
including China. The President of the European
Commission, Jose Manuel Barroso, as attacked David Cameron's use of the
veto at last week's EU summit. He said that Britain's demand to
exclude its financial institutions in the City of London had made an
agreement impossible, and it would have harmed the EU's internal
market. Gavin Hewitt reports. At the European Parliament, David
Cameron was today the man who everybody seemed to want to talk
about. His use of a veto to protect British interests has already drawn
comment from that French President and the German Chancellor. Today it
was the turn of the President of the European Commission to
criticise the British for demanding safeguards.
The United Kingdom, in exchange for giving its agreement, ask for a
specific protocol on financial services, which was a risk to the
integrity of the internal market. This made compromise impossible.
Downing Street denied the Prime Minister had any intention to
undermine the single market. But the prevailing view here at least
was that Britain was now on its own. It politics there is one golden
rule - you only walk away if you are sure that the others will come
after you to win you back. French member of the European
Parliament when father and demanded Britain be punished for acting
selfishly. TRANSLATION: I think the British rebate is now offer
question. Tax money should be spent on something other than selfish
nationalism. He was referring to the rebate negotiated by Margaret
Thatcher, and worth about 3 billion euros a year to Britain. Some
British MEPs saw the crisis leading to Britain's exit from the EU.
Britain is going to make the Great Escape, we will be the first
European country to get our freedom back. There are is no question
David Cameron and his use of the veto has irritated many people in
Europe. But increasingly other national
politicians in Parliament have raised concerns about the deal to
enforce budgetary discipline, struck here last week.
Back in London the Cabinet held its first meeting since the divisions
emerged within the commission over Europe. Although the differences
remain, David Cameron insisted the collision had been not been damaged.
The condition is very strong, and the condition came together for a
good reason, which was to put aside party interests and act for the
national interest, particularly when there are so many challenges
to a our economy. There are increasing doubts as to whether
last week's summit has eased the the eurozone crisis.
But is in Pakistan say they have freed almost 70 boys and men from a
religious school in the southern port city of Karachi. Many were
fined under grind in chains. The youngest was only seven years old.
Two clerics were arrested but ahead of the school managed to get away.
Pakistan's income a minister has ordered an investigation. Orla
Guerin reports. Descending into a torture chamber,
that is what local officials have called this basement. Still in
chains down below, the men and boys who police say were kept like
animals. Shackled, starved and beaten. It was known locally as the
jail to madrassa. For those trapped here, that is what it was. They
which tie us up, and chained asked 200 times. They were beating
everyone too much, and they would not give us any food.
The cleric insure charge of all this managed to make a getaway.
Police are investigating any links with militants, as some pupils have
claimed. Some -- so far there is no proof.
After they were freed from the madrassa, the students were led
away still chained together, because police could not find the
keys. Some were said to be drug addicts or petty criminals. Sent
there by their families for rehabilitation. Some parents even
provided the chains. Others were enrolled at the madrassa for a
religious education, some could not hold back the tears. Police say
children as young as eight were beaten and shackled for
disobedience. By day, parents gathered outside
the police station, some angry that madrassa was close. We are not here
to take our children back, this man said. We cannot control them. They
will start stealing and misbehaving again.
Their ordeal may be over, but these students will bear the scars. The
madrassa is the only option for many of Pakistan's poor. This one
was unregistered and unregulated, like thousands of others.
Architecture is often a controversial subject, especially
when a new building goes up. But plans for a new skyscraper in this
South Korea capital of salt have been dismissed as tasteless. Why?
Because many who have seen the design for the first time say it
reminds them of New York's Twin Towers being demolished by the
terror attacks on 9/11. Sol's city skyline, it never stays
the same for long, and it is getting harder for new buildings to
stand out. But this one has, before it has even been built. Two
apartment blocks linked by what developers called a pixelated cloud.
But which critics say it resembles the collapse of New York's will
trade centre during the 9/11 attacks. TRANSLATION: Went I heard
that, I was totally surprised and bewildered. It felt like something
out of a novel, and because this is just one of many buildings in the
development, I wondered whether it was a conspiracy.
So embolism in building design is important in South Korea. The front
gate of the main palace here was actually moved and rotated a few
years ago to wipe out changes made under the an old Japanese colonial
rulers. So the company says this latest row is not about
insensitivity, it is about different cultural perceptions.
TRANSLATION: Even if it does remind people of 9/11, there is no law
saying it cannot be built. TRANSLATION: I know there has been
criticism of this because it looks like the 9/11 attacks, but in my
view it is in a piece of architecture at and I think it is a
fantastic design. The apartment complex is part of a
flagship project to redevelop a major site in central Seoul. The
design will not be finalised until next year, but for now the
pixelated cloud is here to stay. But even some at the development
company admit they might feel differently if they were at New
Yorkers themselves. Be interesting looking building. A
reminder of our new its stories tonight.
A man has opened fire and thrown grenades from a rooftop in the
Belgian city of Liege, killing five people in a Christmas market before
killing himself. 75 others were wounded, some seriously. The
attacker has been named as Liege Western Nordine Amrani.
Scientists working at the CERN Laboratory in Geneva say they have
found signs of the elusive Higgs boson. They say they will have to
carry out more work over the next few months to find conclusive
evidence. That is all from the programme.
From me, Kirsty Lang, goodbye for This evening we are at in for wet
and windy weather, a company by gale-force winds. First this
evening, us no warning affecting Northern Ireland, Scotland and the
north-west of England. These tightly squeezed isobars mean we
could have some treacherous driving conditions, but also a band of
heavy showers sweeping through the South East of England, and
Wednesday's forecast yet again dominated by frequent heavy showers.
Many northern areas reasonably sheltered, but through the Midlands,
showers and a rising by the afternoon. Southern counties of
England are in the firing line to pick up a frequent heavy showers,
but it is likely as we head through the day for southern areas they
will mostly be of rain. Heavy showers across Wales, the risk of
the odd rumble of thunder, and perhaps a little bit of sleet over
the top of the high ground. Adding further north we are back into the
cold air. There is increased risk that the showers affecting western
areas of Scotland will fall as snow on the high ground, but nothing as