14/12/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. What provoked this


man, Nordine Amrani, to carry out his bloody gun and grenade rampaged


in Belgium? We talk to a criminal expert.


The President of the United States, and Mrs Obama! Drawing a line under


the Iraq War. President Obama welcomes US troops home and


remembers those who made the ultimate sacrifice. Today we pause


to say a prayer for all those families who have lost loved ones.


They are part of our broader American family and we agreed with


them. -- agreed with them. UK


unemployment reaches a 17 year high. 2.64 million people are out of work,


including record numbers of young people.


Also coming up in the programme: Egypt goes back to the ballot box


with Islamist parties battling it out for dominance in Parliament.


What will this mean for the country?


And, 100 years to the day since he became the first person to reach


the South Pole. Celebrations there in honour of the Norwegian explorer


Hello and welcome. He was a convicted criminal with convictions


for drugs and arms offences, and today questions are being asked in


Belgium about how 33-year-old Nordine Amrani was able to obtain


more weapons to carry at yesterday's deadly attack in Liege.


Granted early release last year, Amrani attacked a busy square with


grenades and gunfire. Among those killed was an 18 month-old toddler.


More than 120 people were injured. He then turned the gun on himself.


The body of a female cleaner with a bullet wound to the head was later


found in his garage. You are looking at the killer of Liege.


Nordine Amrani. A gun fanatic, now turned mass-murderer. Here, they


will never forget the day he entered their world. The day he


ended several lives and ruined dozens more. John Michell is one of


many school children caught up in the attack. He was shot in the hip.


His friend was killed. TRANSLATION everybody ran. Everybody was


panicking. I heard gunshots. I felt. I had been hit, but I managed to


get onto the bus. These were the scenes moments after one of


Amrani's grenades had exploded. At least one teenager died on the spot.


More than 120 people were injured. This is the vantage point that,


just 24 hours ago, Nordine Amrani chose for himself. He would have


known that he had the potential to kill and injure vast numbers of


people. He threw three grenades do was the bus shelters, and then


started firing upon the crowds below. And then, just up there, the


police say he shot himself. His killing spree had started even


earlier. Today, the police said they had found the body of a


cleaner in Amrani's garage. He had shot her. Up the road, his home,


with a string of weapons, drug and sex offences - the police knew him


well. The bullet scars now are a source of fascination and horror.


The glass will be repaired, the buses are moving again. Life goes


on. But not for 17 month-old Gabriel. His mother heard a bang


saw his eyes rolled back in his head. I wish I had died instead of


him, she said. Joining me now via Skype is


professor of psychology at the University of Huddersfield, David


Canter. A convicted criminal with gun and


drugs convictions. Should the warning signs have been read, or


were they impossible to read? think the warning signs should have


been read. It is very unusual in this sort of killing spree for them


not to be some earlier indications that the individual was building up


for himself some sort of idea or plan, or had some sort of deep


revenge or hatred that he was going to try and act out. It was executed


very methodically, very calmly. There are reports now that he was


frightened about being returned to prison. Is that normally a time


when social services would step in to gauge what sort of risk they


offered? Well, there would be many indicators that various authorities


would have been alert to, but perhaps not acted on. Be details


will emerge over the next few days and weeks of exactly what was going


on in the background. The fact that a body has now been found of


somebody he seems to have shot earlier on is an indication that he


was going out on a path - he was developing some sort of plot for


himself of what he was going to do, and that first killing was the


starting point for him. And this, of course, is different from a


moment of madness were somebody just cracks. Very different. This


individual, as we find in many other cases, had been planning this


for some time. He had amassed an Arsenal with which to carry out


these attacks. Why would anyone keep grenades? Not for any


recreational use - this was a person who had clearly thought a


lot about what he was going to do. Without doubt, people will find


some indication in his personal possessions, on the internet, some


indication that he had been thinking of doing this for some


time. He had been released early on parole. How difficult is it to spot


any of these warning signs? It is difficult to decide which warning


signs need to be taken seriously because there are so many different


sorts of warning signs, and so many individuals who are likely to


exhibit them. And also, any free society, what can you do about it


if a person is, under the law, allowed to be out on parole?


Clearly, it's the sort of weaponry he had amassed was something that


people should have looked at very closely.


Thank you for joining us on the programme. Now a look at some of


the day's other news. The Chinese authorities have sealed off roads


into a village in the southern province of Guangdong where land


rights protests have intensified after the death of a villager in


police custody. Residents of Wukan said most food supplies had been


blocked. Villagers accuse local officials of illegal land grabs.


The Pakistani president, Asif Ali Zardari is to be discharged from


hospital in Dubai in the next 24 hours. He had been admitted last


week because of a heart problem. So far, officials have refused to say


when Mr Zardari will be returning to Pakistan.


At least 48 people have died in the Indian state of West Bengal after


drinking contaminated illegally brewed liquor. More than 100 others


are being treated in hospital in Calcutta, many in a critical


condition. Death from contaminated alcohol is relatively common in


India. President Obama has been welcoming


home of some of the last US troops to a return home from Iraq.


Speaking at Fort Bragg in North Carolina he described it as an


historic moment and praised the soldiers' courage and


professionalism in a war that he said had paid a heavy price in


Death And When Did. Barack Obama never wanted this war.


As a state senator he called it dumb, but as Commander In Chief,


today he paid tribute to his troops. All the fighting and all the dying,


the bleeding and the building and the training, all of it has led to


this moment of success. Iraq is not a perfect place, but we are leaving


the FA -- behind a more stable and self-reliant Iraq. It was almost a


victory lap, if only because as President help Karen --


Presidential candidate he promised to bring all the troops home.


Unlike President Bush, though, he kept it low key and there was no


mission accomplished. What has started with shock and awe and a


quick invasion turned into a long, costly and divisive war with its


defining moments. The brief euphoria, the demise of a dictator,


the scandal of the prison. The war changed Iraq and America. 4,500


American troops killed in nine years of fighting. More than


100,000 Iraqi civilians dead. The violence continues to kill every


day still in Iraq. One trillion dollars later, the last of


America's military hardware is being shipped out. All the troops


will be reunited with their families for Christmas. They leave


behind considerable challenges. Iraqis will be tested without US


troops. Will they rise to the occasion? Will the politicians


operate against a common threat? Iraq's Prime Minister has close


ties with Iran, America's foe. But at the White House this week, he


assured President Obama he did want a post-war partnership with the US.


Pardoning for regional security, just as Iraq has pledged not to


interfere in other nations, other nations must not interfere in Iraq.


Iraq's sovereignty must be respected. The future looks


uncertain, but for a moment, the two leaders reflected on their


country's shed painful past. America's war in Iraq may be ending


in a few days, but soldiers will continue to be buried in this


cemetery. Killed in combat in Afghanistan. It is often referred


to these days as Obama's war, and that, too, is a conflict where


success has been hard to define, and victory remains elusive.


With the euro plummeting on the currency markets, German Chancellor


Angela Merkel is insisting that Europe will not only master the


financial crisis, but will end up stronger and more stable. Meanwhile,


Britain is grappling with a rising unemployment rate. Figures show a


rise of 128,000, making a total number of 2.64 million people out


of work. Of that, the number of young people, those aged 16 to 24,


rose to just over a million - the highest figure since records began


in 1992. I'm joined now by Hugh Pym. Some pretty awful figures. Just


looking at Britain - is this an indication that perhaps we us --


are heading back into the the way it works in the labour market,


generally the figures that you mentioned today, and any other


period, lack behind output. We had a growing jobs market up until


earlier this week, as the UK appeared to be recovering. That was


reflected in activity last year. But slowing activity since the


spring is reflected in these figures. Given that everyone is


expecting a flat economic output situation this quarter, and may be


slightly negative, it could well get worse from here. That is based


on the fact that the Eurozone holds together. If there is a real crisis


in the Eurozone hit in the UK that could make figures even worse.


is striking in the Eurozone is the number of young people out of work.


That is right across the sector, isn't it? Yes, indeed. Youth


unemployment is experienced in most industrialised countries. It is a


big problem in Spain, for example. It is a number of factors -


everyone has had to grapple with the growth challenge. It is not


just the UK. There is a demographic issue of people wanting to work for


longer, and therefore fewer jobs being created for young people. It


is a major international problem, particularly for industrialised


nations. And it does lead to social problems later on, a lost


generation. What about the private sector picking up the slack? It has


been a big debate in the UK, will the private sector create enough


jobs to compensate for cuts in the private sector -- public sector


because of the austerity programme? It is deficit reduction which does


involve numbers and the public sector coming down. Until earlier


this year, the Chancellor of the Exchequer could save the private


sector was doing more than enough to compensate. Not any more. The


latest quarter until September, more than 60,000 job cuts in the


public sector and only 5,000 created in the private sector. It


is the same year on deer as well. - - year on year. So looking at more


job cuts, these figures are probably going to get worse? Yes.


The Government's official forecast at the Office for Budget


Responsibility in the UK is forecasting the unemployment rate


goes up to 8.7%, a couple of 100,000 extra. Almost every


commentator agrees with that. Since the figure moved up from 2.64


million closer to the 3 million figure, which will be politically


very awkward. That is based on some growth in the UK. If the


international picture changes dramatically, it could be worse.


This is not a UK specific problem. UK unemployment is below France and


the UK -- US. It is a major challenge for the British


government, as indeed for every government in industrialised


Egyptians have been voting in the second round of elections to a new


Parliament, the first since President Hosni Mubarak was toppled


in February. It is already clear that is almost


parties have probably won enough support at the ballot box to be the


largest single force in the new Parliament. So a new battle is


developing between the Muslim Brotherhood, who are putting


themselves forward as moderate and pragmatic, and the more hardline


Salafist, who have strict views on banning alcohol and segregating men


and women in some public places. They have stepped up campaigning


after their success in the first round of elections. And now voting


has moved to the Nile delta, fertile territory for their blend


of religion and politics. This area is a classics Islamist stronghold.


They are expecting a clean sweep in the elections. So the real battle


is between two competing versions of Islamism. The old fashioned


Muslim Brotherhood horror that hardline Saleh fists. In their


increasingly slick campaign, the seller fists emphasise their


beliefs. Egypt's liberals might be horrified but not here in the


villages. We found the message is selling well. The candidate tells


us his appeal is less about the implementation of Sharia law, more


about the contrast with years of corruption and cronyism.


TRANSLATION: We are honest. We're not hypocrites. We are not liars.


We just tell people what we believe. And for these women, ideology seems


the least of their concerns. TRANSLATION: We will call for you.


But you must deliver more services to this area. What we really need


is a storehouse for her cooking gas canisters. At their rallies, the


Muslim Brotherhood are putting themselves forward as the moderate,


pragmatic choice. The personal freedom of everybody is the core of


our programme. Our intention is to try and spread the values in


society by pursues thing -- by giving a good moderate line. The


movement feared and demonised by Egyptian liberals could soon be


working with them to keep with more and comprising a Islamists from


power. Joining us is Dr Omar are sure.


Looking at the report and the Salafist movement, how moderate do


they make you Muslim Brotherhood look? They make them look quite


moderate. The Muslim Brothers -- brotherhood are looking at checking


the security services. Morale as looking for a powerful Parliament


and not they are interested in polarising the society by imposing


a Conservative agenda. This is how the Muslim Brothers won the world


to perceive it, as putting a check on the more extreme versions and


interpretations of Islam. Is there some surprise for the support for


the sell-off this movement? Was there to change could that mean for


Egypt in terms of tourism and its relations with its immediate


neighbours? They have quite an elaborate move -- programme. They


said they would support specific types of tourism, like to watch the


monuments and the health tourism. They are not keen on supporting the


beach tourism or there isn't a lot of debate about how they will


enforce an Islamic court first see where. No bikinis and no alcohol?


No bikinis and no alcohol. And what would it mean for religious


tolerance in the country? There is a lot of fears. I think the


critical issue is the balance of power in the street and how this


will work. The Saleh fists of they have full power, they will be able


to put out extreme policies. They do not want to see how mass like


situation between the clash between the east and west like in Gaza. The


junior Liberals and the Muslim Brothers who want to betray itself


as the moderate alternative and tried to avoid it being linked to


the sophists. Is there a pragmatic element with than the sulphurs


movement as well. If they pushed too hard, the backlash could do


them damage. This is a pragmatic group. Pragmatism is engraved in


the ideologist. They supported Mubarak until the last days of his


power. Many of them changed their political views, depending on what


is the balance of power on the streets. So they can say something


now and change it tomorrow. It is not a very... Began his criticise


Al-Qaeda for being too rigid and not changing their ideology. In


terms of pragmatism began says something to date and change it


tomorrow. Thank you very much. Time magazine has named the


protester as its person of the year. The US-based magazine said


protesters around the world did not just voice their complaints, the


change the world. The magazine's latest issue has air Arab woman


demonstrator on its cover. This time it is true. At $10,500,000.


Well, a collection of jewellery owned by the late Dame Elizabeth


Taylor has fetch 74.9 million billion pounds. -- set -- Sunday


$4.9 million.. One of the most outstanding


achievements of mankind - the words of Norman's Prime Minister today


paying tribute to the explorer Roald Amundsen, who led the first


expedition to the South Pole. December 14th, 1920 11 marks the


100th anniversary of that historic achievement as scientists and


explorers have returned to the ball to pay their tribute.


Music to celebrate one of the greatest feats of human endurance


and bravery. An achievement 100 years ago today that still


resonates with modern adventurers and scientists who joined the


Norwegian Prime Minister at the South Pole in honour of the


explorer Roald Amundsen. It was on December 14th, 1911 that Roald


Amundsen became some of the first people to arrive at the


southernmost of the blow. -- of the Paul. He was already well known and


his home country, completing the first ever crossing of the North


West passage five years earlier. And following the success at the


South Pole, he cemented his position as a national icon by


reaching the North Pole on board a ship in 1926. The first journey


there to be verified and uncontested. Today, swapping his


usual suit and tie for clothing more suitable for temperatures of


minus 40, Jens Stoltenberg ski the final few kilometres to the poll,


tracing their role -- the route taken by a Roald Amundsen and his


team 100 years ago. They were the first people to arrive and the


South Pole. But also to pay tribute to Scotland his men. They paid the


ultimate price. -- captain Scotland his men. Today's ceremony was


graced by a crystal blue sky, but earlier icy winds and low


visibility had hampered many who had taught to retrace Roald


Amundsen steps in time for this event. That did not dampen his


sense of celebration for what had happened 100 years earlier.


Let's go to Cambridge and speak to the author Roland Huntford.


Describe how much an achievement this was. We should not


underestimate what he was up against, should be? I think that


their great achievement of Roald Amundsen was that he brought the


age of terrestrial discovery to an end, that age that began in the


reminiscence. I think this is basically what you should be


remembered for. -- in the Renaissance. Why did he succeed and


captain Scott did not? He succeeded because he was technically and


intellectually these appear. By technically I mean his mastery of


travel across snow. One must not forget that Roald Amundsen and his


men regarded the race for the South Pole, not as a great adventure, but


as the race. So their aim was to get there and to get back safely


and with the least possible trouble. For Captain Scott, in terms of food


supplies and other things, was that a classic case of some would say


the British amateur approach to something like this? Absolutely.


Because Roald Amundsen took great care to work with enormous margins


of safety. I have tried working it out and I stopped at around five or


600%. Obviously, captain Scott got further from base but it was never


less than 30%. Captain Scott had no margin of safety at all which is


basically what killed them. Just one quick statistic Das - when


Roald Amundsen set off he had more or fuel per man than Scott did.


terms of the importance for gnaw away, it has only recently become


independent when this happened. When Roald Amundsen got to the


South Pole, nor we had only been independent for six years. Roald


Amundsen's achievement was to cement a feeling of national


identity and also as it were to cement, to finish the movement, the


nationalist movement... Thank you very much. Sorry to cut you short.


We are out of time. From all of us Hello. For today we had some heavy


showers around. As the clear through the night and when studies,


by tomorrow morning we could have some problem with some widespread


ice affecting northern areas of England. This area here will have


the winds and temperatures tumbling away to allow the step up and.


Further south, a squeeze in the isobars which will bring heavy


showers first thing. Gusts of up to 80 mph. For many, the first half of


Thursday is reasonably settled. A lot of dry weather around.


Scattered showers through northern areas of Scotland. Not as heavy and


frequent as today. Eastern areas will have a lot of sunshine. Light


winds for many tomorrow, a lot of sunshine and highs of Six degrees.


But do not let the fight in stark full year. We have the stormy


weather gathering. As we head through the evening, heavy rain


pushes through the south. Gales and the far South East. Some call their


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