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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. What provoked this
man, Nordine Amrani, to carry out his bloody gun and grenade rampaged
in Belgium? We talk to a criminal expert.
The President of the United States, and Mrs Obama! Drawing a line under
the Iraq War. President Obama welcomes US troops home and
remembers those who made the ultimate sacrifice. Today we pause
to say a prayer for all those families who have lost loved ones.
They are part of our broader American family and we agreed with
them. -- agreed with them. UK
unemployment reaches a 17 year high. 2.64 million people are out of work,
including record numbers of young people.
Also coming up in the programme: Egypt goes back to the ballot box
with Islamist parties battling it out for dominance in Parliament.
What will this mean for the country?
And, 100 years to the day since he became the first person to reach
the South Pole. Celebrations there in honour of the Norwegian explorer
Hello and welcome. He was a convicted criminal with convictions
for drugs and arms offences, and today questions are being asked in
Belgium about how 33-year-old Nordine Amrani was able to obtain
more weapons to carry at yesterday's deadly attack in Liege.
Granted early release last year, Amrani attacked a busy square with
grenades and gunfire. Among those killed was an 18 month-old toddler.
More than 120 people were injured. He then turned the gun on himself.
The body of a female cleaner with a bullet wound to the head was later
found in his garage. You are looking at the killer of Liege.
Nordine Amrani. A gun fanatic, now turned mass-murderer. Here, they
will never forget the day he entered their world. The day he
ended several lives and ruined dozens more. John Michell is one of
many school children caught up in the attack. He was shot in the hip.
His friend was killed. TRANSLATION everybody ran. Everybody was
panicking. I heard gunshots. I felt. I had been hit, but I managed to
get onto the bus. These were the scenes moments after one of
Amrani's grenades had exploded. At least one teenager died on the spot.
More than 120 people were injured. This is the vantage point that,
just 24 hours ago, Nordine Amrani chose for himself. He would have
known that he had the potential to kill and injure vast numbers of
people. He threw three grenades do was the bus shelters, and then
started firing upon the crowds below. And then, just up there, the
police say he shot himself. His killing spree had started even
earlier. Today, the police said they had found the body of a
cleaner in Amrani's garage. He had shot her. Up the road, his home,
with a string of weapons, drug and sex offences - the police knew him
well. The bullet scars now are a source of fascination and horror.
The glass will be repaired, the buses are moving again. Life goes
on. But not for 17 month-old Gabriel. His mother heard a bang
saw his eyes rolled back in his head. I wish I had died instead of
him, she said. Joining me now via Skype is
professor of psychology at the University of Huddersfield, David
Canter. A convicted criminal with gun and
drugs convictions. Should the warning signs have been read, or
were they impossible to read? think the warning signs should have
been read. It is very unusual in this sort of killing spree for them
not to be some earlier indications that the individual was building up
for himself some sort of idea or plan, or had some sort of deep
revenge or hatred that he was going to try and act out. It was executed
very methodically, very calmly. There are reports now that he was
frightened about being returned to prison. Is that normally a time
when social services would step in to gauge what sort of risk they
offered? Well, there would be many indicators that various authorities
would have been alert to, but perhaps not acted on. Be details
will emerge over the next few days and weeks of exactly what was going
on in the background. The fact that a body has now been found of
somebody he seems to have shot earlier on is an indication that he
was going out on a path - he was developing some sort of plot for
himself of what he was going to do, and that first killing was the
starting point for him. And this, of course, is different from a
moment of madness were somebody just cracks. Very different. This
individual, as we find in many other cases, had been planning this
for some time. He had amassed an Arsenal with which to carry out
these attacks. Why would anyone keep grenades? Not for any
recreational use - this was a person who had clearly thought a
lot about what he was going to do. Without doubt, people will find
some indication in his personal possessions, on the internet, some
indication that he had been thinking of doing this for some
time. He had been released early on parole. How difficult is it to spot
any of these warning signs? It is difficult to decide which warning
signs need to be taken seriously because there are so many different
sorts of warning signs, and so many individuals who are likely to
exhibit them. And also, any free society, what can you do about it
if a person is, under the law, allowed to be out on parole?
Clearly, it's the sort of weaponry he had amassed was something that
people should have looked at very closely.
Thank you for joining us on the programme. Now a look at some of
the day's other news. The Chinese authorities have sealed off roads
into a village in the southern province of Guangdong where land
rights protests have intensified after the death of a villager in
police custody. Residents of Wukan said most food supplies had been
blocked. Villagers accuse local officials of illegal land grabs.
The Pakistani president, Asif Ali Zardari is to be discharged from
hospital in Dubai in the next 24 hours. He had been admitted last
week because of a heart problem. So far, officials have refused to say
when Mr Zardari will be returning to Pakistan.
At least 48 people have died in the Indian state of West Bengal after
drinking contaminated illegally brewed liquor. More than 100 others
are being treated in hospital in Calcutta, many in a critical
condition. Death from contaminated alcohol is relatively common in
India. President Obama has been welcoming
home of some of the last US troops to a return home from Iraq.
Speaking at Fort Bragg in North Carolina he described it as an
historic moment and praised the soldiers' courage and
professionalism in a war that he said had paid a heavy price in
Death And When Did. Barack Obama never wanted this war.
As a state senator he called it dumb, but as Commander In Chief,
today he paid tribute to his troops. All the fighting and all the dying,
the bleeding and the building and the training, all of it has led to
this moment of success. Iraq is not a perfect place, but we are leaving
the FA -- behind a more stable and self-reliant Iraq. It was almost a
victory lap, if only because as President help Karen --
Presidential candidate he promised to bring all the troops home.
Unlike President Bush, though, he kept it low key and there was no
mission accomplished. What has started with shock and awe and a
quick invasion turned into a long, costly and divisive war with its
defining moments. The brief euphoria, the demise of a dictator,
the scandal of the prison. The war changed Iraq and America. 4,500
American troops killed in nine years of fighting. More than
100,000 Iraqi civilians dead. The violence continues to kill every
day still in Iraq. One trillion dollars later, the last of
America's military hardware is being shipped out. All the troops
will be reunited with their families for Christmas. They leave
behind considerable challenges. Iraqis will be tested without US
troops. Will they rise to the occasion? Will the politicians
operate against a common threat? Iraq's Prime Minister has close
ties with Iran, America's foe. But at the White House this week, he
assured President Obama he did want a post-war partnership with the US.
Pardoning for regional security, just as Iraq has pledged not to
interfere in other nations, other nations must not interfere in Iraq.
Iraq's sovereignty must be respected. The future looks
uncertain, but for a moment, the two leaders reflected on their
country's shed painful past. America's war in Iraq may be ending
in a few days, but soldiers will continue to be buried in this
cemetery. Killed in combat in Afghanistan. It is often referred
to these days as Obama's war, and that, too, is a conflict where
success has been hard to define, and victory remains elusive.
With the euro plummeting on the currency markets, German Chancellor
Angela Merkel is insisting that Europe will not only master the
financial crisis, but will end up stronger and more stable. Meanwhile,
Britain is grappling with a rising unemployment rate. Figures show a
rise of 128,000, making a total number of 2.64 million people out
of work. Of that, the number of young people, those aged 16 to 24,
rose to just over a million - the highest figure since records began
in 1992. I'm joined now by Hugh Pym. Some pretty awful figures. Just
looking at Britain - is this an indication that perhaps we us --
are heading back into the the way it works in the labour market,
generally the figures that you mentioned today, and any other
period, lack behind output. We had a growing jobs market up until
earlier this week, as the UK appeared to be recovering. That was
reflected in activity last year. But slowing activity since the
spring is reflected in these figures. Given that everyone is
expecting a flat economic output situation this quarter, and may be
slightly negative, it could well get worse from here. That is based
on the fact that the Eurozone holds together. If there is a real crisis
in the Eurozone hit in the UK that could make figures even worse.
is striking in the Eurozone is the number of young people out of work.
That is right across the sector, isn't it? Yes, indeed. Youth
unemployment is experienced in most industrialised countries. It is a
big problem in Spain, for example. It is a number of factors -
everyone has had to grapple with the growth challenge. It is not
just the UK. There is a demographic issue of people wanting to work for
longer, and therefore fewer jobs being created for young people. It
is a major international problem, particularly for industrialised
nations. And it does lead to social problems later on, a lost
generation. What about the private sector picking up the slack? It has
been a big debate in the UK, will the private sector create enough
jobs to compensate for cuts in the private sector -- public sector
because of the austerity programme? It is deficit reduction which does
involve numbers and the public sector coming down. Until earlier
this year, the Chancellor of the Exchequer could save the private
sector was doing more than enough to compensate. Not any more. The
latest quarter until September, more than 60,000 job cuts in the
public sector and only 5,000 created in the private sector. It
is the same year on deer as well. - - year on year. So looking at more
job cuts, these figures are probably going to get worse? Yes.
The Government's official forecast at the Office for Budget
Responsibility in the UK is forecasting the unemployment rate
goes up to 8.7%, a couple of 100,000 extra. Almost every
commentator agrees with that. Since the figure moved up from 2.64
million closer to the 3 million figure, which will be politically
very awkward. That is based on some growth in the UK. If the
international picture changes dramatically, it could be worse.
This is not a UK specific problem. UK unemployment is below France and
the UK -- US. It is a major challenge for the British
government, as indeed for every government in industrialised
Egyptians have been voting in the second round of elections to a new
Parliament, the first since President Hosni Mubarak was toppled
in February. It is already clear that is almost
parties have probably won enough support at the ballot box to be the
largest single force in the new Parliament. So a new battle is
developing between the Muslim Brotherhood, who are putting
themselves forward as moderate and pragmatic, and the more hardline
Salafist, who have strict views on banning alcohol and segregating men
and women in some public places. They have stepped up campaigning
after their success in the first round of elections. And now voting
has moved to the Nile delta, fertile territory for their blend
of religion and politics. This area is a classics Islamist stronghold.
They are expecting a clean sweep in the elections. So the real battle
is between two competing versions of Islamism. The old fashioned
Muslim Brotherhood horror that hardline Saleh fists. In their
increasingly slick campaign, the seller fists emphasise their
beliefs. Egypt's liberals might be horrified but not here in the
villages. We found the message is selling well. The candidate tells
us his appeal is less about the implementation of Sharia law, more
about the contrast with years of corruption and cronyism.
TRANSLATION: We are honest. We're not hypocrites. We are not liars.
We just tell people what we believe. And for these women, ideology seems
the least of their concerns. TRANSLATION: We will call for you.
But you must deliver more services to this area. What we really need
is a storehouse for her cooking gas canisters. At their rallies, the
Muslim Brotherhood are putting themselves forward as the moderate,
pragmatic choice. The personal freedom of everybody is the core of
our programme. Our intention is to try and spread the values in
society by pursues thing -- by giving a good moderate line. The
movement feared and demonised by Egyptian liberals could soon be
working with them to keep with more and comprising a Islamists from
power. Joining us is Dr Omar are sure.
Looking at the report and the Salafist movement, how moderate do
they make you Muslim Brotherhood look? They make them look quite
moderate. The Muslim Brothers -- brotherhood are looking at checking
the security services. Morale as looking for a powerful Parliament
and not they are interested in polarising the society by imposing
a Conservative agenda. This is how the Muslim Brothers won the world
to perceive it, as putting a check on the more extreme versions and
interpretations of Islam. Is there some surprise for the support for
the sell-off this movement? Was there to change could that mean for
Egypt in terms of tourism and its relations with its immediate
neighbours? They have quite an elaborate move -- programme. They
said they would support specific types of tourism, like to watch the
monuments and the health tourism. They are not keen on supporting the
beach tourism or there isn't a lot of debate about how they will
enforce an Islamic court first see where. No bikinis and no alcohol?
No bikinis and no alcohol. And what would it mean for religious
tolerance in the country? There is a lot of fears. I think the
critical issue is the balance of power in the street and how this
will work. The Saleh fists of they have full power, they will be able
to put out extreme policies. They do not want to see how mass like
situation between the clash between the east and west like in Gaza. The
junior Liberals and the Muslim Brothers who want to betray itself
as the moderate alternative and tried to avoid it being linked to
the sophists. Is there a pragmatic element with than the sulphurs
movement as well. If they pushed too hard, the backlash could do
them damage. This is a pragmatic group. Pragmatism is engraved in
the ideologist. They supported Mubarak until the last days of his
power. Many of them changed their political views, depending on what
is the balance of power on the streets. So they can say something
now and change it tomorrow. It is not a very... Began his criticise
Al-Qaeda for being too rigid and not changing their ideology. In
terms of pragmatism began says something to date and change it
tomorrow. Thank you very much. Time magazine has named the
protester as its person of the year. The US-based magazine said
protesters around the world did not just voice their complaints, the
change the world. The magazine's latest issue has air Arab woman
demonstrator on its cover. This time it is true. At $10,500,000.
Well, a collection of jewellery owned by the late Dame Elizabeth
Taylor has fetch 74.9 million billion pounds. -- set -- Sunday
$4.9 million.. One of the most outstanding
achievements of mankind - the words of Norman's Prime Minister today
paying tribute to the explorer Roald Amundsen, who led the first
expedition to the South Pole. December 14th, 1920 11 marks the
100th anniversary of that historic achievement as scientists and
explorers have returned to the ball to pay their tribute.
Music to celebrate one of the greatest feats of human endurance
and bravery. An achievement 100 years ago today that still
resonates with modern adventurers and scientists who joined the
Norwegian Prime Minister at the South Pole in honour of the
explorer Roald Amundsen. It was on December 14th, 1911 that Roald
Amundsen became some of the first people to arrive at the
southernmost of the blow. -- of the Paul. He was already well known and
his home country, completing the first ever crossing of the North
West passage five years earlier. And following the success at the
South Pole, he cemented his position as a national icon by
reaching the North Pole on board a ship in 1926. The first journey
there to be verified and uncontested. Today, swapping his
usual suit and tie for clothing more suitable for temperatures of
minus 40, Jens Stoltenberg ski the final few kilometres to the poll,
tracing their role -- the route taken by a Roald Amundsen and his
team 100 years ago. They were the first people to arrive and the
South Pole. But also to pay tribute to Scotland his men. They paid the
ultimate price. -- captain Scotland his men. Today's ceremony was
graced by a crystal blue sky, but earlier icy winds and low
visibility had hampered many who had taught to retrace Roald
Amundsen steps in time for this event. That did not dampen his
sense of celebration for what had happened 100 years earlier.
Let's go to Cambridge and speak to the author Roland Huntford.
Describe how much an achievement this was. We should not
underestimate what he was up against, should be? I think that
their great achievement of Roald Amundsen was that he brought the
age of terrestrial discovery to an end, that age that began in the
reminiscence. I think this is basically what you should be
remembered for. -- in the Renaissance. Why did he succeed and
captain Scott did not? He succeeded because he was technically and
intellectually these appear. By technically I mean his mastery of
travel across snow. One must not forget that Roald Amundsen and his
men regarded the race for the South Pole, not as a great adventure, but
as the race. So their aim was to get there and to get back safely
and with the least possible trouble. For Captain Scott, in terms of food
supplies and other things, was that a classic case of some would say
the British amateur approach to something like this? Absolutely.
Because Roald Amundsen took great care to work with enormous margins
of safety. I have tried working it out and I stopped at around five or
600%. Obviously, captain Scott got further from base but it was never
less than 30%. Captain Scott had no margin of safety at all which is
basically what killed them. Just one quick statistic Das - when
Roald Amundsen set off he had more or fuel per man than Scott did.
terms of the importance for gnaw away, it has only recently become
independent when this happened. When Roald Amundsen got to the
South Pole, nor we had only been independent for six years. Roald
Amundsen's achievement was to cement a feeling of national
identity and also as it were to cement, to finish the movement, the
nationalist movement... Thank you very much. Sorry to cut you short.
We are out of time. From all of us Hello. For today we had some heavy
showers around. As the clear through the night and when studies,
by tomorrow morning we could have some problem with some widespread
ice affecting northern areas of England. This area here will have
the winds and temperatures tumbling away to allow the step up and.
Further south, a squeeze in the isobars which will bring heavy
showers first thing. Gusts of up to 80 mph. For many, the first half of
Thursday is reasonably settled. A lot of dry weather around.
Scattered showers through northern areas of Scotland. Not as heavy and
frequent as today. Eastern areas will have a lot of sunshine. Light
winds for many tomorrow, a lot of sunshine and highs of Six degrees.
But do not let the fight in stark full year. We have the stormy
weather gathering. As we head through the evening, heavy rain
pushes through the south. Gales and the far South East. Some call their