20/01/2012 World News Today


20/01/2012

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Welcome to BBC World News Today. The race to decide which republican

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will challenge President Obama gets personal. Mitt Romney and Newt

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Gingrich lead the pack but could allegations about Gingrich's

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personal life trip him up in the South Carolina primary?

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I cannot accept Afghan soldiers opened fire on French soldiers.

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A cautious rescue mission resumes on the Costa Concordia after the

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ship moves again from the ledge of rock beneath it.

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Also on the programme: Bringing a personal touch to your own funeral.

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The report on the efforts to make your final ceremony a better way to

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say goodbye. And we ask if Prokofiev, one of the

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20th century's greatest composers, was a man of the people. A festival

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of his music opens in London. Hello and welcome. In the race to

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become the Republican candidate to face Barack Obama in the coming US

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presidential election, one of the big contenders is at the centre of

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a furious row. There is plenty of interest in this Sunday's race. The

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overall leader is facing opposition from Newt Gingrich.

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It was private lives, not policies, that said this did it alight.

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appalled that you would begin a presidential debate on a topic like

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that. The topic he said he is outraged by it is an interview with

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his ex-wife and revelations about what happened when they were

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married. I said to him, we have been married a long time and he

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said, yes, but you want me all to yourself. What was he saying, do

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you think? He was asking to have an open marriage and I refused.

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wanted an open marriage? I accepted the fact that he had somebody else

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in his life. And you said? No mark. It would have been the killer blow

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for lesser candidates but just watch this for a masterclass in a

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damage limitation. Let me be quite clear, the story is false, every

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friend I have who knew us in that period says it is false. We offered

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them to say it was false. I am tired of the media protecting

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Barack Obama. The is the kind of red meat republicans to bar.

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Gingrich has appalled well and his ratings are up. More bad news for

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the man who has led the field so fair, the multi-millionaire who is

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struggling to ask questions about his own private affairs. I will

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take a look at what the documents are. In an election dominated by

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the economy, he was ill prepared to explain where his money came from,

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where it has kept and how much tax he is paying. Tomorrow will be the

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third boat in this contest, and Newt Gingrich could squeeze into

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first place. This race has just got a little tighter and certainly more

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interesting. At Ronnie is still the man to beat. -- mitt Romney.

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They are joined now by Kevin Jackson. Kevin Jackson is a well-

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known author, tea party activist and spokesman for the tea-party.net.

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He joins me now. Have you decided, you have until Sunday, who are you

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going to vote for? Will you tell us and tell us why? I will not reveal

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who is my personal choice and are certainly the tea-party does not

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endorse candidates, we just say whoever survives the fray is who

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will support. But I think the most cataclysmic thing to come out of

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this is a battle of philosophies. Typically the Conservative

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candidate has to be the goody-two- shoes, very clean, very wholesome

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candidate and what came at a visit was Newt Gingrich saying, as a

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candidate who is flawed, he is actually in the running and that

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has typically been the liberal stance. That really is going to

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send a shot to liberals that you're not going to be able to attack any

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more on issues of infidelity or sexuality and things that normally

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are reserved for them. I think it is also going to make mitt Romney,

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of two holes and at times so we will see what happens. To use your

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phrase, goody-two-shoes, is Gingrich not enough of a goody Two

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Shoes because of these allegations of his wife? No, I don't think that

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is the case. He got a rousing standing ovation when he went on

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the attack for that and he started, that has been the death the of

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Conservatives, that is they are meant to be too perfect and of a

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sudden they find out some piece of evidence that says of their human,

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suddenly the campaign gets derailed. What Newt Gingrich brings to the

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poll is that he is flawed and this idea that the Conservatives are

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admitting he is not perfect is the revelation to the left that

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suddenly they have to do with a human. Is that the game changed it

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as far as Conservatives are concerned, you are not going to be

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that bothered about candidates's personal lives? It is not a game

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ginger, is how you handle it. Newt Gingrich knows he has been

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forthright about what has happened in his personal life but I believe

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there has been somewhat of a watershed moment with respect to

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Conservative politics, that the candidates do not have to be

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squeaky-clean. We are not squeaky- clean, nobody is in the world.

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led to here you have your floors! Met Ronnie has this problem with

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taxation, his critics say, is that a problem for him? I don't believe

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it is their problem for him, the question he was asked was, when you

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like your father police have not won years. He said he would think

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about it. His problem with taxation will come from the left in the

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sense that he has made a lot of money. The problem we have had from

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the tactics of the left is, anybody who makes money is automatically

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demonised. I will tell you this, whether you live in America for the

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UK, the majority of people who do not have money are probably doing

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something to try to get money. There's nothing wrong with the

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pursuit of money and I think he is covering up his defences for the

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onslaught that he knows is going to occur when he talks about the

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amount of money he has made. Still not spilling the beans about

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to here he is voting for! France has suspended joint

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operations with the Afghan army after a rogue Afghan soldier shot

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dead four French troops and wounded at least 16 more. President Nicolas

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Sarkozy said he was considering an early withdrawal of French units

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and said it was unacceptable for French troops to be fired on by

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their allies. North-east of Kabul, French troops

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are trimming the Afghan army for an eventual security handover. It

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means the troops from both nations are stationed side-by-side at

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French bases. It was at one of these positions that a man in

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Afghan army uniform carried out the attack, Farren on a group of

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unarmed French soldiers. More than the number of casualties, it is the

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manner of the killings that has angered the government in Paris. It

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is the second fatal attack in three weeks, carried out by men that

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French soldiers are there to instruct. The French army is in

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Afghanistan to help the Afghan people in their fight against

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terrorism and against the Taliban. The French army is not in

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Afghanistan to be shot at by Afghan soldiers. We are friends of

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Afghanistan, we're allies of the Afghan people but I cannot accept

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Afghan soldiers opened fire on French soldiers. The defence

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minister, in Afghanistan for the new year, is being sent back. His

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mission to assess security conditions for French troops. If

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they are unsatisfactory, then France may consider an early

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withdrawal. Most French troops are due to remain in place like the

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rest of the NATO force until the end of 2014 but their mission is

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not popular in France and the to presidential election. Political

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as well as military considerations may be starting to count.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news. There has been heavy

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fighting in the Somali capital after pro-government forces

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launched a major offensive to seize territory from al-Shabab militants.

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Around 1000 soldiers have reportedly captured three al-Shabab

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basis. African Union forces backing the government says they have

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advanced for the first time. The government of south Sudan says

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it is shutting down its oil production as part of a deepening

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row with its northern neighbour Sudan over revenues. Most of the

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region's oil lies in south Sudan but it needs to use a northern

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pipeline to exported. The two countries have been locked in a

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dispute over pipeline fees. Iran's English-language television

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station, Press TV, has lost its licence to operate in Britain. The

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broadcasting regulator Ofcom said the channel have broken the rules

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because of its editorial control came from Tehran. Press TV has

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responded by accusing Britain of censorship.

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The American rhythm and blues singer, Etta James, whose

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passionate vocals anchored a string of hits, has died in California.

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She was 83. She had been suffering from dementia and serious health

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issues. Her ballad, At Last, was the song that made her a star. It

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became an anthem for weddings, commercials and President Obama's

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inauguration. Reports from the northern Nigerian

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city of Kano say there have been a series of explosions there. Details

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are still coming in but previous blasts have been blamed on the

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militant group, Boko Haram. In recent months, they have carried

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out several major attacks including the bombing of the United Nations

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building in the capital Abuja and an attack on a Christian church on

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Christmas Day. The most powerful religious leader

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in northern Nigeria. Here, for hundreds of years, traditional

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villas have maintained a huge influence. Christians living in the

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north. A Muslim cleric has come to their church. It is a brave attempt

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to build bridges between committees but efforts like these are fragile.

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There is a big issue between Christians and Muslims here in

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Nigeria which has once led to the historic split within the country

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between the north and south. But these days there is potentially an

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even more dangerous separation between the conservative Islamic

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authorities in northern Nigeria and the more radical groups. The is a

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must Boko Haram group said they were responsible for several

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attacks including the deadly bombing of a church on Christmas

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Day. I put it to a spokesman that they were killing innocent people.

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I don't understand how churchgoers at a church ceremony on Christmas

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The Amir of can no granted the BBC a very rare interview. I asked him

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whether the existence of a violent group in Nigeria meant his

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traditional power was being eroded. The perpetrators have been told of

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the tenants of Islam which does not allow a anything bad to happen to

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anybody so his Highness is always telling her subjects to embrace

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peace and live peacefully with one another. The vast majority of

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Nigerians, Christian and Muslim, said they want peace, too, but

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religion and politics often get in In Italy, the rescue operation

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aboard the Kung cost -- Costa Concordia or has restarted. The

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search was temporarily halted for the third time because of fears the

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ship could slip into deeper water. 21 people are still missing off the

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island of Ji deal. -- EDL. The families of those still

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missing came to Giglio today, the chance to see the wreck that still

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holds their loved ones. Some laid a wreath near the carcass of the ship,

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a poignant moment. It may be that some passengers did not make it out

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of the ship because they were given a false sense of security. Footage

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filmed by a passenger shows how a crew member tried to calm

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There was some activity on the ship today, albeit on Dec. Below the

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waterline had been deemed too dangerous for divers to resume

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their search, because the ship had moved. But yesterday, divers were

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allowed into the vessel. They came across this. The bell of the ship.

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As she reflects on the week - macro the events of a week ago, this

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local resident told me how she and others helped to pull people out of

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the water. "I still can't believe it," She told me. "Asked myself if

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it is real. Then I realise it is real. When I go home at night, I

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remember the crying children, the desperate people." Today, the

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captain said that if he has made mistakes he is ready to accept

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responsibility. As the investigation continues into his

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actions, he claimed he informed management in a phone call as soon

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as he had hit the rocks. The company denied exerting pressure on

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him to delay before declaring the ship should be abandoned. There are

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still many questions about what happened on the Costa Concordia a

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week ago tonight. Efforts by the United States to

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clampdown on what it considers to be internet piracy has resulted in

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one of the Web's most popular file- sharing sites been closed down.

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Those allegedly behind it had been arrested. Four people from the Mega

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Upload site were detained in New Zealand after an extradition

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request from America. Hackers are angry. They have attacked US

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It was a thriving business with high-profile musicians apparently

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happy to promote it. Now Mega Upload has been closed and its

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executives have appeared in a New Zealand court. The US authorities

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have accused them of facilitating millions of illegal downloads, in a

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criminal conspiracy. Homs belonging to the German-born founder have

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been raided. Hackers retaliated, shutting down some American

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Government websites for a while, to protest against the closure. It was

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one of the most popular sites on the internet, with 150 million

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people using it to what blood material, and to download files. -

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Mega Upload material. It earned this man �27 million last year. The

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FBI says it cost copyright holders more than �300 million in lost

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:19:29.:19:35.

revenue. The battle over online piracy is hotting up. This band

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says it is not a crime. People have given up on paying for music. We

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don't want to be rich, we just want to make a living so we can produce

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another album. If we don't get revenue, how can we produce another

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album? But where the freedom campaigners warn against over-

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reaction. It is important to remember that a file hosts are

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legitimate services. They are incredibly useful for all internet

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users and businesses. We need to make sure we do not throw the baby

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out with the bath water. Mega Upload, based in Hong Kong, may

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have been put out of business. But aside promising something similar

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has surfaced in Belize. Funerals in some parts of the world

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can be colourful occasions. More of a celebration of a life than the

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mournful event. There is no movement here in Britain to make

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funerals more personal and meaningful to the people left

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behind. None of our mates knew what it was

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:20:59.:21:05.

like to lose somebody. This is a film of a family funeral. When Jane

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Harris and Jimmy Adams lost their son, they wanted to remember what

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was a very personal, heartfelt and home made fare well. The film has a

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message. Funerals matter. You don't have to make do with tradition.

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know I personally did not want some awful funeral which meant nothing

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to me. People standing around not knowing what to do. I could not

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bear it to be hands off. The film is part of the first festival of

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death, which tries to find better ways to say goodbye. We often

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imagine our own funeral will be vivid and heart-warming. Too often

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funerals are dreary and understated. We are looking at your coffin,

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aren't we? Yes. Here is Ivan, a man who will be buried in a kite. A

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cough and with humour and an innings. We are all floating on the

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winds of chance. Do you feel uncomfortable thinking about your

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own death? No. No I do not. Let nature take care of itself.

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Alongside that there are other personalised coffins. This is for a

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train enthusiast. This is a corker. A festival about death? It is a

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Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev is one of the 20th century's

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greatest and most popular composers. He remains an enigma as a person.

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He renounced the artistic freedom of Paris and return home to live in

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Russia under Stalin. Was Prokofiev The rehearsal of a rarely performed

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Prokofiev work. The aim of the festival is to delve deep into the

:23:45.:23:55.
:23:55.:23:55.

work of the composer. We are trying to find out what was Sergei

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Prokofiev, what kind of man, what kind of artist was he? Was the

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Russian, was he a man of the world? Was he connected to an ideology?

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immigrant from Revolution Tour and Russia, he found fame in the West

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only to return back to Russia in the 1930s. He was forced to comply

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with the rules of socialism. Some of his best music was written

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during that period. compositions he wrote the first 10

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years when he came back to Russia, were incredibly inspired. He really

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enjoyed writing music that he loved and feeling it was reaching a wide

:24:44.:24:54.
:24:54.:25:01.

audience. Gabriel Prokofiev's piece was performed at last year's Proms.

:25:01.:25:06.

He says he is strongly influenced by his grandfather's music. I am

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doing something similar, taking the rhythms from the clubs and from the

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radio and from people's cars, and bringing that into my classical

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compositions. I feel I am doing something that really connects to

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the contemporary world we live in. Prokofiev paradoxically has been

:25:30.:25:37.

scorned by some in the West for eulogising the totalitarian regime.

:25:37.:25:42.

But this man has condensed much of the greatness of the music is how

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it reflects the tragic and dramatic times. We are more capable of

:25:48.:25:54.

understanding our times and the past times in the 20th century.

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Something which has always been an immense interest to me as an

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offspring of the Soviet Russian past, which I am not denying.

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Rather the opposite, I find it is a very important component of my

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artistic and human integrity. Prokofiev's contemporary said in

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her great poem, Requiem, I was there with my people, where my

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people certainly were. Sergei Prokofiev would have said that

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himself. That he was a man of the people.

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Alexander can on the the great Russian composer, Sir Guy Prokofiev.

:26:42.:26:52.
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That ends World News today. Good Hello. Today's rain clears into the

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North Sea tonight. The wind picks up. It will be a windy weekend.

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There will be showers. Low pressure to the north. Isobars close

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together, the strong wind. Patchy light rain south across England and

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Wales. Showers coming into northern Scotland. Snow on the high ground.

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Northern England will brighten nicely. Strong winds over the east

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of the Pennines. At weather front taking its cloud and rain further

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south across England. In southern England you'll be hard pressed to

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find much in the where uprightness. Another mild day. Gradually

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brightening up in Wales. Drily in north-west England. A similar

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