25/01/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today with Tim Willcox. One year on from the


start of the revolution and still a divided country. Egypt's Tahrir


Square draws the crowds again, but where are the Facebook generation?


How much change has really happened? Although most of the


targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been accomplished yet.


special forces from the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden 3 two


American hostages in Somalia. It came just hours before President


Obama set out his vision for a second term in office. I intend to


fight obstruction with action and I will oppose any effort to return to


the same policies that brought on his economic crisis in the first


place. We assess whether his State of the Union address will win over


the voters. Also coming up, 2,600 delegates, 40


heads of state, 18 central bank chiefs and about 70 billionaires.


The German Chancellor opens the World economic Forum in Davos.


There is still a lot to learn from the economic crisis. And life after


Borat, a new films showing Kazakhstan as the people would like


to us see it. Hello and welcome. One year to the


day since the start of the revolution in Egypt which swept


Hosni Mubarak from power, thousands of people return to Tahrir Square


in Cairo. Far from a united nation, the decisions in the society were


all too clear. Rival stages were set, with banners carrying


conflicting messages. Business, who command a majority in Parliament,


celebrating, one pro-democracy supporters want further reform,


including the resignation of the ruling military council. It is


Party demonstration, part celebration. One year on, Egyptians


are proud of what they have achieved, but angry about what has


not been done yet. Tahrir Square is a bit of a noisy street party.


There are plenty here pressing hard for a quicker move to democracy.


am proud of the revolution. We still find that the Egyptian people,


although most of the targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been


accomplished debt, it has not been filled by the military council.


Around the square, there are at least three different stages, with


the different political groups all blaring out of their competing


messages. That certainly would not have been possible one year ago.


Neither would this. Some fairly vicious caricatures of Eija's


current leaders. These are also pictures of those killed in the


revolution. Some are being drawn by artists, right in the middle of the


demonstration. One year on from the revolution, Egypt is still ruled by


the military. This man addressed the nation last night to stress


that the army support the aims of the revolution. The other power in


the land are the Islamists. They are in the majority in the newly


elected Parliament and they are involved in complicated behind the


scenes negotiations with the army of for a handover of power to


civilian rulers. Not everyone here in Tahrir Square once the immediate


downfall of the military. There are plenty of different agendas. Sooner


or later, someone will have to get this country moving again. One year


after the revolution, it is no longer the People versus the


government, but a lot of groups competing for power. Sometimes


demonstrating, sometimes confronting, sometimes negotiating,


it will be a long and complicated road ahead for Egypt.


Let us take you lied to Tahrir Square where you can see many


people still packing that central square in the heart of Cairo. This


is for the start of those mass protests against Hosni Mubarak. It


resulted in him been swept from power. He is facing trial. Let us


stay and speak to Dr Omagh Ashour, director of Middle East Studies at


the University of Exeter. There were special commemorative coins,


mass parties planned for the whole of Egypt. How sincere gesture is


that? I guess it is a way to absorb some of the anger of the protesters.


I was in a suburb walking to Tahrir Square, more than 100,000


protesters came out and the chance were overwhelmingly against the


armed forces. All of them were demanding a transition to civilian


rule, elected civilian rule, President first, it was chanted a


lot of times. It is a way to tell the Supreme Council to hold


elections as soon as possible. April is the deadline. We will see


more and more protests to push back the military out of role. Now there


is a Parliament, but the Parliament has limited powers, it cannot


appoint a government, it cannot sack a minister. It has the role of


crafting the constitution. To complement the full transition of


power, we need an elected president and that was the main demand today


in Tahrir Square. We were both there one year ago and I remember


that the Facebook generation was there, how the revolution swept


around the country via electronic media. Where were those people?


Many of them poorer all-round. Many of these younger activists ant all


of them were in the demonstration today. And many of them were


leading the demonstration coming from the upper middle-class areas.


They were in Tahrir Square speaking to people and trying to formulate


an upcoming strategy. They were calling for a massive protest on


Friday calling for elections as soon as possible. These debates are


there and most of these activists were there. This is a very


different game, the election process. And many of them did not


win in the parliamentary do that -- elections, but outside in street


politics, things are different and they showed today that they can


mobilise again and there is a lot of support for their demands for


their calls of the full transition to civilian rule.


Now look at some of the other news. At least 70 people in the Pakistani


city of Lahore are believed to have been killed by contaminated hard


drugs. Officials say the deaths appear to be linked to a batch of


drugs given to patients free of charge by a government-run hospital.


A government official has told us that 28,000 people received drugs


from a contaminated batch. We understand that the drugs were


distributed free of charge in the middle of December. Some officials


say these drugs were manufactured by a little-known local companies


and they did not have expiry dates. Samples of the suspected -- suspect


drugs have been sent for testing. At least one firm has been closed


and several arrests have been made. Relatives of the dead are saying


that authorities waited too long to ring the alarm bells and a more


lives were lost because of this. Doctors are warning the death toll


could reach 150. We know that more than 400 people have become ill


since taking these drugs. Hospital sources have been telling the BBC


that they come under pressure to buy from the cheaper suppliers.


They say if they do not, they could face court action from local firms.


In the wake of this tragedy, doctors are saying that has to stop


and that hospitals have to be forced to buy drugs from reputable


authorised suppliers, not just from the cheapest people in the market.


Nigeria's president Goodluck Jonathan has sacked his police


chief Hafiz Ringim. It comes in the wake of attacks by Boko Haram and a


recent escape from police custody of a man suspected of masterminding


the Christmas Day church attack. South Sudan has agreed a deal with


Kenya to build an oil pipeline, potentially reducing its dependence


on its northern neighbour Sudan. Last week, South Sudan said it was


stopping its oil production because of the row with the government of a


transit fees. President Obama has praised the US


special forces to launch a pre-dawn raid in Somalia and rescuing two


hostages including an American. Both were on hand, but nine parrots


were killed. The aid workers were abducted in October when working


for a Danish de-mining organisation. The Navy Seal team the rescue the


hostages was the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden. A commander


in chief with every reason to be relieved. On his way to give the


State of the Union address last night, President Obama


congratulated his Defence Secretary on a secret rescue mission in


Somalia. This mission ended these two aid worker's nightmare. They


were freed by US Navy seals after three months held by Somali


kidnappers. They were seized last October in northern Somalia while


working for a Danish mine-clearing charity. They were held to ransom


and the health deteriorated and the US decision to rescue them came


from the White House. They were being held in a compound in


northern Somalia. US Navy seals, from the same unit that killed


Osama Bin Laden, mounted the operation. They parachuted into the


area, landing close to the compound at 2am. Gunfire broke out as they


approached and then the fighting that followed, all nine kidnappers


were killed. There were no US casualties. The hostages were then


flown by helicopter to the safety of the US base. The entire


operation lasted one hour. When it was over, the president rang the


woman's father. He had taken a big risk. That President personally


authorised this and we have our special operations forces. They


concluded they should go at this time and the President gave the go-


ahead. The raid was the highest profile military action in Somalia


since US forces pulled out of there in 1994. That still leaves over 150


hostages, mostly sailors, held by Somali pirates and bandits. The


ransoms for their release are rising, well into the millions. One


of those still being held is a British tourist, snatched from this


Kenyan beach resort last September and taken to Somalia. It is partly


what prompted David Cameron to call an international conference on


Somalia next month. Tonight, there are two X hostages his ordeal is


over. There will be more kidnappings and more piracy.


Somalia's problems will need lasting solutions.


That daring raid happened just hours before President Obama went


to Capitol Hill to deliver his annual State of the Union address.


In it, he demanded a fairer tax system with the wealthiest


Americans paying more. He said the policy was about common sense, not


class war. That is how his republican opponents described it.


The president of the United States! Up it is a great American ritual


and by now he knows the stage craft by heart. Will be Raffles estate at


the President Obama's last. With tens of millions watching at home,


this was a pitch for his own job. America is back! Anyone who tells


you otherwise, any one who tells you that America is in decline or


that our influence has waned, does not know what they're talking


about! To there was optimism here, jobs being created at last, a car


industry reborn. What pains President Obama is the widening gap


between rich and poor. He says the nation faced a choice. We can sell


for country were is shrinking number of people do well, whether a


growing number barely get by. And we can restore an economy where


everyone gets a fair shot and were everyone does their fair share and


where everyone plays by the same set of rules! Translation? The rich


should pay more in tax. Republicans call that class warfare. On foreign


affairs, he pledged that America would remain the one indispensable


nation, but he sounded a warning. The let there be no doubt. America


is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon and I will


take no options of the table to achieve that goal! In Syria, I have


no doubt that the regime will soon discover that the forces of change


cannot be reversed and that human dignity cannot be denied.


president ended with a call for common purpose, evoking the spirit


of the Navy seals who killed Osama Bin Laden. This was a speech


delivered in Congress, but directed at American voters far beyond


Washington. The President will now take his message on the road to


vital battleground states that will The trouble is, more than half of


the American population do not believe he can change things around.


Two-thirds do not like his direction. He has an uphill task.


You have to give the President his dues. The private sector has


created jobs for 23 consecutive months, offsetting declines in be


government sector. People did not think that he would be as strong as


he is now six months ago. Things are moving in the right direction


but him politically, but certainly for the American economy. He


deserves the credit. When you look at what has happened and what the


Republicans try to do to our country last summer when they were


denied -- they denied the United States paying his debt...


United States is equal for the debt. The President called for two


trillion dollars -- up four trillion dollars in cuts but it has


to be staged. We want our economy to get stronger, we need to make


commitments and put the cuts in place. But we also needs to raise


revenue. He is quite clear. When you ask Americans whether they


think the tax system is fair and fairly applied, particularly when


you have a presidential candidate who paid less than 50 % of his vast


wealth in taxes, I think this is a winner issue for the President.


Mitt Romney was clearly in his sights, though he did not mention


him by name. Doesn't the empirical evidence showed that when you do


raise tax rates, the actual tax take is lower? No. Honestly, you


cannot 0.21 situation in US history where that has been the truth. That


is an old wives tale which has been told time and time again and it is


simply not true. When it comes to paying back the deficit, how on


earth is it going to happen when everything is locked in terms of


Congress? There is no support there. Let's not forget that when Bill


Clinton was President, we have balanced books up. We then had a


president, George Bush, who went in a completely different direction,


gave tax cuts and drove spending or wildly out of proportion, got as


involved in two wars, one of which our current President has finally


withdrawn as from, so I think the American people will hear this


discussion over the next few months once the Republicans have selected


their candidate and we will have a good dialogue. But having said that,


this President is in much better shape than he appeared to have been


six months ago, particularly with the private sector job growth that


the US is experiencing. If you look at the water industry, one which


Barack Obama single-handedly saved, hundreds of thousands of people


directly and indirectly employed against -- over the opposition of


most Republicans. -- the automobile industry. We must leave it there.


There's lots of snow, and it's icy cold in the Swiss ski resort of


Davos, but there are many heated debates ahead for the top political


and business leaders gathered at the World Economic Forum there. The


meeting was officially opened by the German Chancellor Angela Merkel.


She urged her audience to reflect on what lessons had been drawn from


the global financial and economic crisis and suggested there was


still a lot more to learn. TRANSLATION: What is needed is a


big rethink. Ever since 2008 and 2009, we have been debating time


and again what lessons we can draw from this big global financial and


economic crisis. Let us and perhaps take a moment and reflect a


question that was asked last year and that I'm going to ask again


this year, what lessons have we learnt from the global financial


and economic crisis? Is it sufficient? The answer to that it


is even in this year, it is still not sufficient. If we are talking


about having a rethink and are breaking new ground, I think there


is still room here for improvement. If one is realistic, even perhaps a


bit pessimistic come up one has to say that although in 2008 and 2009


we have experienced very clearly that there is a close


interdependency, we have now been able to bring the Doha round to a


successful conclusion. We had a fast changeover in Davos.


Our previous guest is gone and we can now speak to the deputy editor


of the Financial Times Deutschland. Thank you for joining us. Germany


reset pushing the eurozone into a vicious downward cycle with


unrealistic austerity demands. It was -- was their son that she was


listening to him today? It was known before that that is not her


opinion. What did you draw from that? Bizzett more of the same? She


is not listening to the IMF either. She made it clear today, and that


was for the first time that she made it back play, that Germany is


not prepared to pay it more money for the eurozone, at least for the


time being. That was new today and there was clear. Interesting that


Christine Lagarde wants the merging of the temporary yes -- ESF their


point Why was he not go along with something like that? Is it too


politically dangerous? That is one reason. She would run into massive


problems if she agreed to pay more money because the Democrats are


strictly against it, as is the population. On the other hand, her


opinion is that the eurozone is doing pretty well, and better than


the weeks before. We had some success for bond auction is,


austerity programmes are in place in a few countries and today, she


mentioned that she almost praises countries like Spain, Portugal,


Italy and Ireland for putting these austerity programmes in place. That


is why she thinks she can have this tough decision. She also asked


business leaders to give policy makers more time to allow them to


sort this out, but how much town is left? There is a schedule now, that


the problem is we think Greece is more or less fixed, but still we do


not know how the outcome will be. Once we will run into problems with


Greece Again, then the game is open. The problem is not solved yet, but


we look better now than we did six or seven months ago because we had


that idea of a new EU treaty which is being constructed. We have this


successful bond auction so it seems like as if we are on the right


track, but we had this opinion several times before so I'm not


sure either. Thank you for joining Five years ago, comedian Sacha


Baron Cohen put the spotlight on Kazakhstan for all the wrong


reasons with his film spoof 'Borat.' Now the country is


launching its own cinematic fight back. To mark its 20th anniversary


of independence from the Soviet Union, it's made its most expensive


film ever, a national epic called 'Myn Bala.' And as the BBC's Arts


Correspondent, Emma Jones reports, there's a new wave of Kazakh films


This was the Bay -- the weight Sacha Baron Cohen's film brought


Kazakhstan to the West. Although it was timing tea, they were betrayed


as backward, sister marrying peasants. Finally this is their


response, their own cinema invasion. This is a film which is filmed --


No nylon jackets anywhere, this is the true history of how two


centuries ago cassocks overthrew the Mongolian oppressors. This


message of freedom cost 7 million US dollars to make and it was


funded by the cassocks to tell their story. TRANSLATION: We made a


good movie and I think it will appeal to a crop -- audiences


across the world. A great film knows no borders.


It would be wrong to assume there is no mood the infrastructure here.


These are the world renowned nomad stunt men. This is where the cast


get put through their paces for the film. This stunt team have worked


all over the world on films like Conan the barbarian. They then came


home to Kazakhstan to make this They are a bad to do more domestic


work as well. Last year, the tale of a pink bunny, a look at while


the youth, became the country's highest grossing domestic film ever.


It alerted the authorities they had a market are now 20 films are in


production, Trent not -- 90 % of which are funded.


TRANSLATION: We have done a lot to attract young film-makers. Now the


script writers are coming to us. The average age is between 20 and


27, they are the new wave of directors.


This film should be launched at the Cannes Film Festival, but it is


hoped its sweeping landscapes will attract Westerners, although


modern-day Kazakhstan is as much about oil as a year its.


TRANSLATION: Making films is important for our image building


for an international audience. It is a good investment to put money


in. After all, it is advertising the country abroad and hopefully


It is hoped this a national epic could really make benefit for the


glorious nation of Kazakhstan, as A reminder of our main news:


Thousands of Egyptians have returned to Tahrir Square in Cairo,


a year after the start of the protests which overthrew President


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