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This is BBC World News today with Tim Willcox. One year on from the
start of the revolution and still a divided country. Egypt's Tahrir
Square draws the crowds again, but where are the Facebook generation?
How much change has really happened? Although most of the
targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been accomplished yet.
special forces from the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden 3 two
American hostages in Somalia. It came just hours before President
Obama set out his vision for a second term in office. I intend to
fight obstruction with action and I will oppose any effort to return to
the same policies that brought on his economic crisis in the first
place. We assess whether his State of the Union address will win over
the voters. Also coming up, 2,600 delegates, 40
heads of state, 18 central bank chiefs and about 70 billionaires.
The German Chancellor opens the World economic Forum in Davos.
There is still a lot to learn from the economic crisis. And life after
Borat, a new films showing Kazakhstan as the people would like
to us see it. Hello and welcome. One year to the
day since the start of the revolution in Egypt which swept
Hosni Mubarak from power, thousands of people return to Tahrir Square
in Cairo. Far from a united nation, the decisions in the society were
all too clear. Rival stages were set, with banners carrying
conflicting messages. Business, who command a majority in Parliament,
celebrating, one pro-democracy supporters want further reform,
including the resignation of the ruling military council. It is
Party demonstration, part celebration. One year on, Egyptians
are proud of what they have achieved, but angry about what has
not been done yet. Tahrir Square is a bit of a noisy street party.
There are plenty here pressing hard for a quicker move to democracy.
am proud of the revolution. We still find that the Egyptian people,
although most of the targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been
accomplished debt, it has not been filled by the military council.
Around the square, there are at least three different stages, with
the different political groups all blaring out of their competing
messages. That certainly would not have been possible one year ago.
Neither would this. Some fairly vicious caricatures of Eija's
current leaders. These are also pictures of those killed in the
revolution. Some are being drawn by artists, right in the middle of the
demonstration. One year on from the revolution, Egypt is still ruled by
the military. This man addressed the nation last night to stress
that the army support the aims of the revolution. The other power in
the land are the Islamists. They are in the majority in the newly
elected Parliament and they are involved in complicated behind the
scenes negotiations with the army of for a handover of power to
civilian rulers. Not everyone here in Tahrir Square once the immediate
downfall of the military. There are plenty of different agendas. Sooner
or later, someone will have to get this country moving again. One year
after the revolution, it is no longer the People versus the
government, but a lot of groups competing for power. Sometimes
demonstrating, sometimes confronting, sometimes negotiating,
it will be a long and complicated road ahead for Egypt.
Let us take you lied to Tahrir Square where you can see many
people still packing that central square in the heart of Cairo. This
is for the start of those mass protests against Hosni Mubarak. It
resulted in him been swept from power. He is facing trial. Let us
stay and speak to Dr Omagh Ashour, director of Middle East Studies at
the University of Exeter. There were special commemorative coins,
mass parties planned for the whole of Egypt. How sincere gesture is
that? I guess it is a way to absorb some of the anger of the protesters.
I was in a suburb walking to Tahrir Square, more than 100,000
protesters came out and the chance were overwhelmingly against the
armed forces. All of them were demanding a transition to civilian
rule, elected civilian rule, President first, it was chanted a
lot of times. It is a way to tell the Supreme Council to hold
elections as soon as possible. April is the deadline. We will see
more and more protests to push back the military out of role. Now there
is a Parliament, but the Parliament has limited powers, it cannot
appoint a government, it cannot sack a minister. It has the role of
crafting the constitution. To complement the full transition of
power, we need an elected president and that was the main demand today
in Tahrir Square. We were both there one year ago and I remember
that the Facebook generation was there, how the revolution swept
around the country via electronic media. Where were those people?
Many of them poorer all-round. Many of these younger activists ant all
of them were in the demonstration today. And many of them were
leading the demonstration coming from the upper middle-class areas.
They were in Tahrir Square speaking to people and trying to formulate
an upcoming strategy. They were calling for a massive protest on
Friday calling for elections as soon as possible. These debates are
there and most of these activists were there. This is a very
different game, the election process. And many of them did not
win in the parliamentary do that -- elections, but outside in street
politics, things are different and they showed today that they can
mobilise again and there is a lot of support for their demands for
their calls of the full transition to civilian rule.
Now look at some of the other news. At least 70 people in the Pakistani
city of Lahore are believed to have been killed by contaminated hard
drugs. Officials say the deaths appear to be linked to a batch of
drugs given to patients free of charge by a government-run hospital.
A government official has told us that 28,000 people received drugs
from a contaminated batch. We understand that the drugs were
distributed free of charge in the middle of December. Some officials
say these drugs were manufactured by a little-known local companies
and they did not have expiry dates. Samples of the suspected -- suspect
drugs have been sent for testing. At least one firm has been closed
and several arrests have been made. Relatives of the dead are saying
that authorities waited too long to ring the alarm bells and a more
lives were lost because of this. Doctors are warning the death toll
could reach 150. We know that more than 400 people have become ill
since taking these drugs. Hospital sources have been telling the BBC
that they come under pressure to buy from the cheaper suppliers.
They say if they do not, they could face court action from local firms.
In the wake of this tragedy, doctors are saying that has to stop
and that hospitals have to be forced to buy drugs from reputable
authorised suppliers, not just from the cheapest people in the market.
Nigeria's president Goodluck Jonathan has sacked his police
chief Hafiz Ringim. It comes in the wake of attacks by Boko Haram and a
recent escape from police custody of a man suspected of masterminding
the Christmas Day church attack. South Sudan has agreed a deal with
Kenya to build an oil pipeline, potentially reducing its dependence
on its northern neighbour Sudan. Last week, South Sudan said it was
stopping its oil production because of the row with the government of a
transit fees. President Obama has praised the US
special forces to launch a pre-dawn raid in Somalia and rescuing two
hostages including an American. Both were on hand, but nine parrots
were killed. The aid workers were abducted in October when working
for a Danish de-mining organisation. The Navy Seal team the rescue the
hostages was the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden. A commander
in chief with every reason to be relieved. On his way to give the
State of the Union address last night, President Obama
congratulated his Defence Secretary on a secret rescue mission in
Somalia. This mission ended these two aid worker's nightmare. They
were freed by US Navy seals after three months held by Somali
kidnappers. They were seized last October in northern Somalia while
working for a Danish mine-clearing charity. They were held to ransom
and the health deteriorated and the US decision to rescue them came
from the White House. They were being held in a compound in
northern Somalia. US Navy seals, from the same unit that killed
Osama Bin Laden, mounted the operation. They parachuted into the
area, landing close to the compound at 2am. Gunfire broke out as they
approached and then the fighting that followed, all nine kidnappers
were killed. There were no US casualties. The hostages were then
flown by helicopter to the safety of the US base. The entire
operation lasted one hour. When it was over, the president rang the
woman's father. He had taken a big risk. That President personally
authorised this and we have our special operations forces. They
concluded they should go at this time and the President gave the go-
ahead. The raid was the highest profile military action in Somalia
since US forces pulled out of there in 1994. That still leaves over 150
hostages, mostly sailors, held by Somali pirates and bandits. The
ransoms for their release are rising, well into the millions. One
of those still being held is a British tourist, snatched from this
Kenyan beach resort last September and taken to Somalia. It is partly
what prompted David Cameron to call an international conference on
Somalia next month. Tonight, there are two X hostages his ordeal is
over. There will be more kidnappings and more piracy.
Somalia's problems will need lasting solutions.
That daring raid happened just hours before President Obama went
to Capitol Hill to deliver his annual State of the Union address.
In it, he demanded a fairer tax system with the wealthiest
Americans paying more. He said the policy was about common sense, not
class war. That is how his republican opponents described it.
The president of the United States! Up it is a great American ritual
and by now he knows the stage craft by heart. Will be Raffles estate at
the President Obama's last. With tens of millions watching at home,
this was a pitch for his own job. America is back! Anyone who tells
you otherwise, any one who tells you that America is in decline or
that our influence has waned, does not know what they're talking
about! To there was optimism here, jobs being created at last, a car
industry reborn. What pains President Obama is the widening gap
between rich and poor. He says the nation faced a choice. We can sell
for country were is shrinking number of people do well, whether a
growing number barely get by. And we can restore an economy where
everyone gets a fair shot and were everyone does their fair share and
where everyone plays by the same set of rules! Translation? The rich
should pay more in tax. Republicans call that class warfare. On foreign
affairs, he pledged that America would remain the one indispensable
nation, but he sounded a warning. The let there be no doubt. America
is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon and I will
take no options of the table to achieve that goal! In Syria, I have
no doubt that the regime will soon discover that the forces of change
cannot be reversed and that human dignity cannot be denied.
president ended with a call for common purpose, evoking the spirit
of the Navy seals who killed Osama Bin Laden. This was a speech
delivered in Congress, but directed at American voters far beyond
Washington. The President will now take his message on the road to
vital battleground states that will The trouble is, more than half of
the American population do not believe he can change things around.
Two-thirds do not like his direction. He has an uphill task.
You have to give the President his dues. The private sector has
created jobs for 23 consecutive months, offsetting declines in be
government sector. People did not think that he would be as strong as
he is now six months ago. Things are moving in the right direction
but him politically, but certainly for the American economy. He
deserves the credit. When you look at what has happened and what the
Republicans try to do to our country last summer when they were
denied -- they denied the United States paying his debt...
United States is equal for the debt. The President called for two
trillion dollars -- up four trillion dollars in cuts but it has
to be staged. We want our economy to get stronger, we need to make
commitments and put the cuts in place. But we also needs to raise
revenue. He is quite clear. When you ask Americans whether they
think the tax system is fair and fairly applied, particularly when
you have a presidential candidate who paid less than 50 % of his vast
wealth in taxes, I think this is a winner issue for the President.
Mitt Romney was clearly in his sights, though he did not mention
him by name. Doesn't the empirical evidence showed that when you do
raise tax rates, the actual tax take is lower? No. Honestly, you
cannot 0.21 situation in US history where that has been the truth. That
is an old wives tale which has been told time and time again and it is
simply not true. When it comes to paying back the deficit, how on
earth is it going to happen when everything is locked in terms of
Congress? There is no support there. Let's not forget that when Bill
Clinton was President, we have balanced books up. We then had a
president, George Bush, who went in a completely different direction,
gave tax cuts and drove spending or wildly out of proportion, got as
involved in two wars, one of which our current President has finally
withdrawn as from, so I think the American people will hear this
discussion over the next few months once the Republicans have selected
their candidate and we will have a good dialogue. But having said that,
this President is in much better shape than he appeared to have been
six months ago, particularly with the private sector job growth that
the US is experiencing. If you look at the water industry, one which
Barack Obama single-handedly saved, hundreds of thousands of people
directly and indirectly employed against -- over the opposition of
most Republicans. -- the automobile industry. We must leave it there.
There's lots of snow, and it's icy cold in the Swiss ski resort of
Davos, but there are many heated debates ahead for the top political
and business leaders gathered at the World Economic Forum there. The
meeting was officially opened by the German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
She urged her audience to reflect on what lessons had been drawn from
the global financial and economic crisis and suggested there was
still a lot more to learn. TRANSLATION: What is needed is a
big rethink. Ever since 2008 and 2009, we have been debating time
and again what lessons we can draw from this big global financial and
economic crisis. Let us and perhaps take a moment and reflect a
question that was asked last year and that I'm going to ask again
this year, what lessons have we learnt from the global financial
and economic crisis? Is it sufficient? The answer to that it
is even in this year, it is still not sufficient. If we are talking
about having a rethink and are breaking new ground, I think there
is still room here for improvement. If one is realistic, even perhaps a
bit pessimistic come up one has to say that although in 2008 and 2009
we have experienced very clearly that there is a close
interdependency, we have now been able to bring the Doha round to a
successful conclusion. We had a fast changeover in Davos.
Our previous guest is gone and we can now speak to the deputy editor
of the Financial Times Deutschland. Thank you for joining us. Germany
reset pushing the eurozone into a vicious downward cycle with
unrealistic austerity demands. It was -- was their son that she was
listening to him today? It was known before that that is not her
opinion. What did you draw from that? Bizzett more of the same? She
is not listening to the IMF either. She made it clear today, and that
was for the first time that she made it back play, that Germany is
not prepared to pay it more money for the eurozone, at least for the
time being. That was new today and there was clear. Interesting that
Christine Lagarde wants the merging of the temporary yes -- ESF their
point Why was he not go along with something like that? Is it too
politically dangerous? That is one reason. She would run into massive
problems if she agreed to pay more money because the Democrats are
strictly against it, as is the population. On the other hand, her
opinion is that the eurozone is doing pretty well, and better than
the weeks before. We had some success for bond auction is,
austerity programmes are in place in a few countries and today, she
mentioned that she almost praises countries like Spain, Portugal,
Italy and Ireland for putting these austerity programmes in place. That
is why she thinks she can have this tough decision. She also asked
business leaders to give policy makers more time to allow them to
sort this out, but how much town is left? There is a schedule now, that
the problem is we think Greece is more or less fixed, but still we do
not know how the outcome will be. Once we will run into problems with
Greece Again, then the game is open. The problem is not solved yet, but
we look better now than we did six or seven months ago because we had
that idea of a new EU treaty which is being constructed. We have this
successful bond auction so it seems like as if we are on the right
track, but we had this opinion several times before so I'm not
sure either. Thank you for joining Five years ago, comedian Sacha
Baron Cohen put the spotlight on Kazakhstan for all the wrong
reasons with his film spoof 'Borat.' Now the country is
launching its own cinematic fight back. To mark its 20th anniversary
of independence from the Soviet Union, it's made its most expensive
film ever, a national epic called 'Myn Bala.' And as the BBC's Arts
Correspondent, Emma Jones reports, there's a new wave of Kazakh films
This was the Bay -- the weight Sacha Baron Cohen's film brought
Kazakhstan to the West. Although it was timing tea, they were betrayed
as backward, sister marrying peasants. Finally this is their
response, their own cinema invasion. This is a film which is filmed --
No nylon jackets anywhere, this is the true history of how two
centuries ago cassocks overthrew the Mongolian oppressors. This
message of freedom cost 7 million US dollars to make and it was
funded by the cassocks to tell their story. TRANSLATION: We made a
good movie and I think it will appeal to a crop -- audiences
across the world. A great film knows no borders.
It would be wrong to assume there is no mood the infrastructure here.
These are the world renowned nomad stunt men. This is where the cast
get put through their paces for the film. This stunt team have worked
all over the world on films like Conan the barbarian. They then came
home to Kazakhstan to make this They are a bad to do more domestic
work as well. Last year, the tale of a pink bunny, a look at while
the youth, became the country's highest grossing domestic film ever.
It alerted the authorities they had a market are now 20 films are in
production, Trent not -- 90 % of which are funded.
TRANSLATION: We have done a lot to attract young film-makers. Now the
script writers are coming to us. The average age is between 20 and
27, they are the new wave of directors.
This film should be launched at the Cannes Film Festival, but it is
hoped its sweeping landscapes will attract Westerners, although
modern-day Kazakhstan is as much about oil as a year its.
TRANSLATION: Making films is important for our image building
for an international audience. It is a good investment to put money
in. After all, it is advertising the country abroad and hopefully
It is hoped this a national epic could really make benefit for the
glorious nation of Kazakhstan, as A reminder of our main news:
Thousands of Egyptians have returned to Tahrir Square in Cairo,
a year after the start of the protests which overthrew President