25/01/2012 World News Today


25/01/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 25/01/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News today with Tim Willcox. One year on from the

:00:13.:00:18.

start of the revolution and still a divided country. Egypt's Tahrir

:00:18.:00:23.

Square draws the crowds again, but where are the Facebook generation?

:00:23.:00:31.

How much change has really happened? Although most of the

:00:31.:00:37.

targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been accomplished yet.

:00:37.:00:40.

special forces from the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden 3 two

:00:41.:00:45.

American hostages in Somalia. It came just hours before President

:00:45.:00:49.

Obama set out his vision for a second term in office. I intend to

:00:49.:00:53.

fight obstruction with action and I will oppose any effort to return to

:00:53.:00:56.

the same policies that brought on his economic crisis in the first

:00:56.:01:00.

place. We assess whether his State of the Union address will win over

:01:00.:01:07.

the voters. Also coming up, 2,600 delegates, 40

:01:07.:01:14.

heads of state, 18 central bank chiefs and about 70 billionaires.

:01:14.:01:16.

The German Chancellor opens the World economic Forum in Davos.

:01:16.:01:26.
:01:26.:01:33.

There is still a lot to learn from the economic crisis. And life after

:01:33.:01:37.

Borat, a new films showing Kazakhstan as the people would like

:01:37.:01:47.
:01:47.:01:53.

to us see it. Hello and welcome. One year to the

:01:53.:01:56.

day since the start of the revolution in Egypt which swept

:01:56.:02:00.

Hosni Mubarak from power, thousands of people return to Tahrir Square

:02:00.:02:06.

in Cairo. Far from a united nation, the decisions in the society were

:02:06.:02:10.

all too clear. Rival stages were set, with banners carrying

:02:10.:02:15.

conflicting messages. Business, who command a majority in Parliament,

:02:15.:02:19.

celebrating, one pro-democracy supporters want further reform,

:02:19.:02:26.

including the resignation of the ruling military council. It is

:02:26.:02:30.

Party demonstration, part celebration. One year on, Egyptians

:02:30.:02:34.

are proud of what they have achieved, but angry about what has

:02:34.:02:39.

not been done yet. Tahrir Square is a bit of a noisy street party.

:02:39.:02:44.

There are plenty here pressing hard for a quicker move to democracy.

:02:44.:02:54.
:02:54.:02:55.

am proud of the revolution. We still find that the Egyptian people,

:02:55.:02:58.

although most of the targets of the Egyptian revolution had not been

:02:58.:03:04.

accomplished debt, it has not been filled by the military council.

:03:05.:03:08.

Around the square, there are at least three different stages, with

:03:08.:03:11.

the different political groups all blaring out of their competing

:03:11.:03:18.

messages. That certainly would not have been possible one year ago.

:03:18.:03:23.

Neither would this. Some fairly vicious caricatures of Eija's

:03:23.:03:27.

current leaders. These are also pictures of those killed in the

:03:27.:03:31.

revolution. Some are being drawn by artists, right in the middle of the

:03:31.:03:37.

demonstration. One year on from the revolution, Egypt is still ruled by

:03:37.:03:42.

the military. This man addressed the nation last night to stress

:03:42.:03:47.

that the army support the aims of the revolution. The other power in

:03:47.:03:52.

the land are the Islamists. They are in the majority in the newly

:03:52.:03:56.

elected Parliament and they are involved in complicated behind the

:03:56.:03:59.

scenes negotiations with the army of for a handover of power to

:03:59.:04:05.

civilian rulers. Not everyone here in Tahrir Square once the immediate

:04:05.:04:10.

downfall of the military. There are plenty of different agendas. Sooner

:04:10.:04:15.

or later, someone will have to get this country moving again. One year

:04:15.:04:18.

after the revolution, it is no longer the People versus the

:04:18.:04:23.

government, but a lot of groups competing for power. Sometimes

:04:23.:04:26.

demonstrating, sometimes confronting, sometimes negotiating,

:04:26.:04:32.

it will be a long and complicated road ahead for Egypt.

:04:32.:04:36.

Let us take you lied to Tahrir Square where you can see many

:04:37.:04:42.

people still packing that central square in the heart of Cairo. This

:04:42.:04:49.

is for the start of those mass protests against Hosni Mubarak. It

:04:49.:04:54.

resulted in him been swept from power. He is facing trial. Let us

:04:54.:04:58.

stay and speak to Dr Omagh Ashour, director of Middle East Studies at

:04:58.:05:05.

the University of Exeter. There were special commemorative coins,

:05:05.:05:09.

mass parties planned for the whole of Egypt. How sincere gesture is

:05:09.:05:19.
:05:19.:05:21.

that? I guess it is a way to absorb some of the anger of the protesters.

:05:21.:05:28.

I was in a suburb walking to Tahrir Square, more than 100,000

:05:28.:05:33.

protesters came out and the chance were overwhelmingly against the

:05:33.:05:38.

armed forces. All of them were demanding a transition to civilian

:05:39.:05:43.

rule, elected civilian rule, President first, it was chanted a

:05:43.:05:49.

lot of times. It is a way to tell the Supreme Council to hold

:05:49.:05:55.

elections as soon as possible. April is the deadline. We will see

:05:55.:06:01.

more and more protests to push back the military out of role. Now there

:06:01.:06:05.

is a Parliament, but the Parliament has limited powers, it cannot

:06:05.:06:11.

appoint a government, it cannot sack a minister. It has the role of

:06:11.:06:15.

crafting the constitution. To complement the full transition of

:06:15.:06:20.

power, we need an elected president and that was the main demand today

:06:20.:06:26.

in Tahrir Square. We were both there one year ago and I remember

:06:26.:06:30.

that the Facebook generation was there, how the revolution swept

:06:30.:06:40.

around the country via electronic media. Where were those people?

:06:40.:06:50.
:06:50.:06:52.

Many of them poorer all-round. Many of these younger activists ant all

:06:52.:06:56.

of them were in the demonstration today. And many of them were

:06:56.:07:03.

leading the demonstration coming from the upper middle-class areas.

:07:03.:07:06.

They were in Tahrir Square speaking to people and trying to formulate

:07:06.:07:16.
:07:16.:07:18.

an upcoming strategy. They were calling for a massive protest on

:07:18.:07:22.

Friday calling for elections as soon as possible. These debates are

:07:22.:07:29.

there and most of these activists were there. This is a very

:07:29.:07:34.

different game, the election process. And many of them did not

:07:34.:07:39.

win in the parliamentary do that -- elections, but outside in street

:07:39.:07:44.

politics, things are different and they showed today that they can

:07:44.:07:51.

mobilise again and there is a lot of support for their demands for

:07:51.:07:59.

their calls of the full transition to civilian rule.

:07:59.:08:03.

Now look at some of the other news. At least 70 people in the Pakistani

:08:03.:08:07.

city of Lahore are believed to have been killed by contaminated hard

:08:07.:08:10.

drugs. Officials say the deaths appear to be linked to a batch of

:08:10.:08:16.

drugs given to patients free of charge by a government-run hospital.

:08:16.:08:21.

A government official has told us that 28,000 people received drugs

:08:21.:08:25.

from a contaminated batch. We understand that the drugs were

:08:25.:08:29.

distributed free of charge in the middle of December. Some officials

:08:29.:08:34.

say these drugs were manufactured by a little-known local companies

:08:34.:08:40.

and they did not have expiry dates. Samples of the suspected -- suspect

:08:40.:08:44.

drugs have been sent for testing. At least one firm has been closed

:08:44.:08:49.

and several arrests have been made. Relatives of the dead are saying

:08:49.:08:52.

that authorities waited too long to ring the alarm bells and a more

:08:52.:08:56.

lives were lost because of this. Doctors are warning the death toll

:08:56.:09:01.

could reach 150. We know that more than 400 people have become ill

:09:01.:09:07.

since taking these drugs. Hospital sources have been telling the BBC

:09:07.:09:10.

that they come under pressure to buy from the cheaper suppliers.

:09:10.:09:15.

They say if they do not, they could face court action from local firms.

:09:15.:09:19.

In the wake of this tragedy, doctors are saying that has to stop

:09:19.:09:24.

and that hospitals have to be forced to buy drugs from reputable

:09:24.:09:32.

authorised suppliers, not just from the cheapest people in the market.

:09:32.:09:35.

Nigeria's president Goodluck Jonathan has sacked his police

:09:35.:09:39.

chief Hafiz Ringim. It comes in the wake of attacks by Boko Haram and a

:09:39.:09:42.

recent escape from police custody of a man suspected of masterminding

:09:42.:09:46.

the Christmas Day church attack. South Sudan has agreed a deal with

:09:47.:09:50.

Kenya to build an oil pipeline, potentially reducing its dependence

:09:50.:09:55.

on its northern neighbour Sudan. Last week, South Sudan said it was

:09:55.:09:59.

stopping its oil production because of the row with the government of a

:09:59.:10:05.

transit fees. President Obama has praised the US

:10:05.:10:08.

special forces to launch a pre-dawn raid in Somalia and rescuing two

:10:08.:10:13.

hostages including an American. Both were on hand, but nine parrots

:10:13.:10:17.

were killed. The aid workers were abducted in October when working

:10:17.:10:22.

for a Danish de-mining organisation. The Navy Seal team the rescue the

:10:22.:10:29.

hostages was the same team that killed Osama Bin Laden. A commander

:10:29.:10:35.

in chief with every reason to be relieved. On his way to give the

:10:35.:10:40.

State of the Union address last night, President Obama

:10:40.:10:42.

congratulated his Defence Secretary on a secret rescue mission in

:10:42.:10:52.

Somalia. This mission ended these two aid worker's nightmare. They

:10:52.:10:56.

were freed by US Navy seals after three months held by Somali

:10:56.:11:01.

kidnappers. They were seized last October in northern Somalia while

:11:01.:11:05.

working for a Danish mine-clearing charity. They were held to ransom

:11:05.:11:08.

and the health deteriorated and the US decision to rescue them came

:11:08.:11:12.

from the White House. They were being held in a compound in

:11:12.:11:17.

northern Somalia. US Navy seals, from the same unit that killed

:11:17.:11:21.

Osama Bin Laden, mounted the operation. They parachuted into the

:11:21.:11:26.

area, landing close to the compound at 2am. Gunfire broke out as they

:11:26.:11:30.

approached and then the fighting that followed, all nine kidnappers

:11:30.:11:34.

were killed. There were no US casualties. The hostages were then

:11:34.:11:39.

flown by helicopter to the safety of the US base. The entire

:11:39.:11:44.

operation lasted one hour. When it was over, the president rang the

:11:45.:11:50.

woman's father. He had taken a big risk. That President personally

:11:50.:11:55.

authorised this and we have our special operations forces. They

:11:55.:11:58.

concluded they should go at this time and the President gave the go-

:11:58.:12:03.

ahead. The raid was the highest profile military action in Somalia

:12:03.:12:10.

since US forces pulled out of there in 1994. That still leaves over 150

:12:10.:12:15.

hostages, mostly sailors, held by Somali pirates and bandits. The

:12:15.:12:20.

ransoms for their release are rising, well into the millions. One

:12:20.:12:23.

of those still being held is a British tourist, snatched from this

:12:23.:12:28.

Kenyan beach resort last September and taken to Somalia. It is partly

:12:28.:12:31.

what prompted David Cameron to call an international conference on

:12:31.:12:36.

Somalia next month. Tonight, there are two X hostages his ordeal is

:12:37.:12:41.

over. There will be more kidnappings and more piracy.

:12:41.:12:49.

Somalia's problems will need lasting solutions.

:12:49.:12:53.

That daring raid happened just hours before President Obama went

:12:53.:12:56.

to Capitol Hill to deliver his annual State of the Union address.

:12:56.:12:59.

In it, he demanded a fairer tax system with the wealthiest

:12:59.:13:04.

Americans paying more. He said the policy was about common sense, not

:13:04.:13:12.

class war. That is how his republican opponents described it.

:13:12.:13:16.

The president of the United States! Up it is a great American ritual

:13:16.:13:22.

and by now he knows the stage craft by heart. Will be Raffles estate at

:13:22.:13:27.

the President Obama's last. With tens of millions watching at home,

:13:27.:13:32.

this was a pitch for his own job. America is back! Anyone who tells

:13:32.:13:38.

you otherwise, any one who tells you that America is in decline or

:13:38.:13:40.

that our influence has waned, does not know what they're talking

:13:41.:13:49.

about! To there was optimism here, jobs being created at last, a car

:13:49.:13:53.

industry reborn. What pains President Obama is the widening gap

:13:53.:13:59.

between rich and poor. He says the nation faced a choice. We can sell

:13:59.:14:03.

for country were is shrinking number of people do well, whether a

:14:03.:14:08.

growing number barely get by. And we can restore an economy where

:14:08.:14:12.

everyone gets a fair shot and were everyone does their fair share and

:14:12.:14:16.

where everyone plays by the same set of rules! Translation? The rich

:14:16.:14:22.

should pay more in tax. Republicans call that class warfare. On foreign

:14:22.:14:27.

affairs, he pledged that America would remain the one indispensable

:14:27.:14:33.

nation, but he sounded a warning. The let there be no doubt. America

:14:33.:14:37.

is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon and I will

:14:37.:14:43.

take no options of the table to achieve that goal! In Syria, I have

:14:43.:14:47.

no doubt that the regime will soon discover that the forces of change

:14:47.:14:52.

cannot be reversed and that human dignity cannot be denied.

:14:52.:14:58.

president ended with a call for common purpose, evoking the spirit

:14:59.:15:01.

of the Navy seals who killed Osama Bin Laden. This was a speech

:15:01.:15:05.

delivered in Congress, but directed at American voters far beyond

:15:05.:15:09.

Washington. The President will now take his message on the road to

:15:09.:15:19.
:15:19.:15:33.

vital battleground states that will The trouble is, more than half of

:15:33.:15:38.

the American population do not believe he can change things around.

:15:38.:15:43.

Two-thirds do not like his direction. He has an uphill task.

:15:43.:15:47.

You have to give the President his dues. The private sector has

:15:47.:15:54.

created jobs for 23 consecutive months, offsetting declines in be

:15:55.:15:59.

government sector. People did not think that he would be as strong as

:15:59.:16:03.

he is now six months ago. Things are moving in the right direction

:16:03.:16:07.

but him politically, but certainly for the American economy. He

:16:07.:16:11.

deserves the credit. When you look at what has happened and what the

:16:11.:16:17.

Republicans try to do to our country last summer when they were

:16:17.:16:23.

denied -- they denied the United States paying his debt...

:16:23.:16:32.

United States is equal for the debt. The President called for two

:16:32.:16:36.

trillion dollars -- up four trillion dollars in cuts but it has

:16:37.:16:41.

to be staged. We want our economy to get stronger, we need to make

:16:41.:16:45.

commitments and put the cuts in place. But we also needs to raise

:16:45.:16:51.

revenue. He is quite clear. When you ask Americans whether they

:16:51.:16:55.

think the tax system is fair and fairly applied, particularly when

:16:55.:17:02.

you have a presidential candidate who paid less than 50 % of his vast

:17:02.:17:08.

wealth in taxes, I think this is a winner issue for the President.

:17:08.:17:11.

Mitt Romney was clearly in his sights, though he did not mention

:17:11.:17:17.

him by name. Doesn't the empirical evidence showed that when you do

:17:17.:17:26.

raise tax rates, the actual tax take is lower? No. Honestly, you

:17:26.:17:32.

cannot 0.21 situation in US history where that has been the truth. That

:17:32.:17:36.

is an old wives tale which has been told time and time again and it is

:17:36.:17:42.

simply not true. When it comes to paying back the deficit, how on

:17:42.:17:46.

earth is it going to happen when everything is locked in terms of

:17:46.:17:52.

Congress? There is no support there. Let's not forget that when Bill

:17:52.:17:56.

Clinton was President, we have balanced books up. We then had a

:17:56.:18:01.

president, George Bush, who went in a completely different direction,

:18:02.:18:07.

gave tax cuts and drove spending or wildly out of proportion, got as

:18:07.:18:12.

involved in two wars, one of which our current President has finally

:18:12.:18:16.

withdrawn as from, so I think the American people will hear this

:18:16.:18:18.

discussion over the next few months once the Republicans have selected

:18:18.:18:23.

their candidate and we will have a good dialogue. But having said that,

:18:23.:18:26.

this President is in much better shape than he appeared to have been

:18:27.:18:30.

six months ago, particularly with the private sector job growth that

:18:30.:18:36.

the US is experiencing. If you look at the water industry, one which

:18:36.:18:40.

Barack Obama single-handedly saved, hundreds of thousands of people

:18:40.:18:46.

directly and indirectly employed against -- over the opposition of

:18:47.:18:53.

most Republicans. -- the automobile industry. We must leave it there.

:18:53.:19:03.
:19:03.:19:10.

There's lots of snow, and it's icy cold in the Swiss ski resort of

:19:11.:19:13.

Davos, but there are many heated debates ahead for the top political

:19:14.:19:16.

and business leaders gathered at the World Economic Forum there. The

:19:16.:19:19.

meeting was officially opened by the German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

:19:19.:19:22.

She urged her audience to reflect on what lessons had been drawn from

:19:22.:19:24.

the global financial and economic crisis and suggested there was

:19:25.:19:27.

still a lot more to learn. TRANSLATION: What is needed is a

:19:27.:19:30.

big rethink. Ever since 2008 and 2009, we have been debating time

:19:30.:19:32.

and again what lessons we can draw from this big global financial and

:19:32.:19:39.

economic crisis. Let us and perhaps take a moment and reflect a

:19:39.:19:42.

question that was asked last year and that I'm going to ask again

:19:42.:19:47.

this year, what lessons have we learnt from the global financial

:19:47.:19:51.

and economic crisis? Is it sufficient? The answer to that it

:19:51.:19:56.

is even in this year, it is still not sufficient. If we are talking

:19:56.:20:00.

about having a rethink and are breaking new ground, I think there

:20:00.:20:07.

is still room here for improvement. If one is realistic, even perhaps a

:20:07.:20:13.

bit pessimistic come up one has to say that although in 2008 and 2009

:20:13.:20:17.

we have experienced very clearly that there is a close

:20:17.:20:22.

interdependency, we have now been able to bring the Doha round to a

:20:22.:20:26.

successful conclusion. We had a fast changeover in Davos.

:20:26.:20:30.

Our previous guest is gone and we can now speak to the deputy editor

:20:30.:20:37.

of the Financial Times Deutschland. Thank you for joining us. Germany

:20:38.:20:42.

reset pushing the eurozone into a vicious downward cycle with

:20:42.:20:46.

unrealistic austerity demands. It was -- was their son that she was

:20:46.:20:54.

listening to him today? It was known before that that is not her

:20:54.:21:00.

opinion. What did you draw from that? Bizzett more of the same? She

:21:00.:21:06.

is not listening to the IMF either. She made it clear today, and that

:21:06.:21:09.

was for the first time that she made it back play, that Germany is

:21:09.:21:14.

not prepared to pay it more money for the eurozone, at least for the

:21:14.:21:19.

time being. That was new today and there was clear. Interesting that

:21:19.:21:28.

Christine Lagarde wants the merging of the temporary yes -- ESF their

:21:28.:21:31.

point Why was he not go along with something like that? Is it too

:21:31.:21:37.

politically dangerous? That is one reason. She would run into massive

:21:37.:21:42.

problems if she agreed to pay more money because the Democrats are

:21:43.:21:47.

strictly against it, as is the population. On the other hand, her

:21:47.:21:53.

opinion is that the eurozone is doing pretty well, and better than

:21:53.:21:57.

the weeks before. We had some success for bond auction is,

:21:57.:22:02.

austerity programmes are in place in a few countries and today, she

:22:02.:22:06.

mentioned that she almost praises countries like Spain, Portugal,

:22:06.:22:10.

Italy and Ireland for putting these austerity programmes in place. That

:22:10.:22:15.

is why she thinks she can have this tough decision. She also asked

:22:15.:22:19.

business leaders to give policy makers more time to allow them to

:22:19.:22:28.

sort this out, but how much town is left? There is a schedule now, that

:22:28.:22:34.

the problem is we think Greece is more or less fixed, but still we do

:22:34.:22:40.

not know how the outcome will be. Once we will run into problems with

:22:40.:22:45.

Greece Again, then the game is open. The problem is not solved yet, but

:22:45.:22:50.

we look better now than we did six or seven months ago because we had

:22:50.:22:59.

that idea of a new EU treaty which is being constructed. We have this

:22:59.:23:03.

successful bond auction so it seems like as if we are on the right

:23:03.:23:08.

track, but we had this opinion several times before so I'm not

:23:08.:23:18.
:23:18.:23:20.

sure either. Thank you for joining Five years ago, comedian Sacha

:23:20.:23:23.

Baron Cohen put the spotlight on Kazakhstan for all the wrong

:23:23.:23:25.

reasons with his film spoof 'Borat.' Now the country is

:23:25.:23:28.

launching its own cinematic fight back. To mark its 20th anniversary

:23:28.:23:31.

of independence from the Soviet Union, it's made its most expensive

:23:31.:23:34.

film ever, a national epic called 'Myn Bala.' And as the BBC's Arts

:23:34.:23:37.

Correspondent, Emma Jones reports, there's a new wave of Kazakh films

:23:37.:23:47.
:23:47.:23:47.

This was the Bay -- the weight Sacha Baron Cohen's film brought

:23:47.:23:53.

Kazakhstan to the West. Although it was timing tea, they were betrayed

:23:53.:23:57.

as backward, sister marrying peasants. Finally this is their

:23:57.:24:05.

response, their own cinema invasion. This is a film which is filmed --

:24:05.:24:15.

No nylon jackets anywhere, this is the true history of how two

:24:15.:24:18.

centuries ago cassocks overthrew the Mongolian oppressors. This

:24:18.:24:22.

message of freedom cost 7 million US dollars to make and it was

:24:22.:24:28.

funded by the cassocks to tell their story. TRANSLATION: We made a

:24:28.:24:32.

good movie and I think it will appeal to a crop -- audiences

:24:32.:24:36.

across the world. A great film knows no borders.

:24:36.:24:40.

It would be wrong to assume there is no mood the infrastructure here.

:24:40.:24:44.

These are the world renowned nomad stunt men. This is where the cast

:24:44.:24:49.

get put through their paces for the film. This stunt team have worked

:24:49.:24:56.

all over the world on films like Conan the barbarian. They then came

:24:56.:25:04.

home to Kazakhstan to make this They are a bad to do more domestic

:25:04.:25:09.

work as well. Last year, the tale of a pink bunny, a look at while

:25:09.:25:13.

the youth, became the country's highest grossing domestic film ever.

:25:13.:25:17.

It alerted the authorities they had a market are now 20 films are in

:25:17.:25:23.

production, Trent not -- 90 % of which are funded.

:25:23.:25:30.

TRANSLATION: We have done a lot to attract young film-makers. Now the

:25:30.:25:35.

script writers are coming to us. The average age is between 20 and

:25:35.:25:40.

27, they are the new wave of directors.

:25:40.:25:44.

This film should be launched at the Cannes Film Festival, but it is

:25:44.:25:48.

hoped its sweeping landscapes will attract Westerners, although

:25:48.:25:53.

modern-day Kazakhstan is as much about oil as a year its.

:25:53.:25:59.

TRANSLATION: Making films is important for our image building

:25:59.:26:02.

for an international audience. It is a good investment to put money

:26:02.:26:05.

in. After all, it is advertising the country abroad and hopefully

:26:06.:26:15.
:26:16.:26:21.

It is hoped this a national epic could really make benefit for the

:26:21.:26:28.

glorious nation of Kazakhstan, as A reminder of our main news:

:26:28.:26:31.

Thousands of Egyptians have returned to Tahrir Square in Cairo,

:26:31.:26:34.

a year after the start of the protests which overthrew President

:26:34.:26:36.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS