26/01/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. Inside Syria


with the Free Army: We have a special report from the suburb of


the capital Damascus that is controlled by anti-Asaad forces who


have defected from the Syrian army. How much of a challenge are they to


the regime? If there is international


intervention, it's good. We are going to win - whether there is


intervention from outside or not. The Frenchman at the centre of the


sub-standard breast implant scandal is under arrest and faces charges


of manslaughter and fraud. We are relieved, even if it's late.


We want a formal inquiry to be opened, and we want him placed on


bail so he can't leave the country. Protecting Pakistani women from


acid attacks and domestic violence - can new laws stop these brutal


attacks? Also coming up in the programme:


Forced to flee the angry crowds during an Australia Day celebration


- the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, is involved in angry protests by


angry Aboriginal activists. And the first museum show in the


world of the Muslim pilgrimage the Hajj - the great spiritual journey


Hello, and welcome. The pressure on Syria looks set to increase now


that the Arab League has announced it is to ask the UN Security


Council to back its plan to try to end the violence. On Sunday, the


League called for the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, to step


down and hand power to his Deputy. Inside Syria itself, defectors who


have formed the Free Syrian Army now control the Damascus suburb of


Douma. Our Middle East editor, Jeremy Bowen, was helped by local


activists to enter the area last night, and has just sent this


report. Look at Central Damascus, and you


might think this city is calm. But when night falls, head for the


suburb of Duma. Getting there is not easy. But at the end of a muddy


lane it is a checkpoint, controlled by the Free Syrian Army. A loose


alliance of army defectors, fighting President Assad's military.


Locals say they have kept at the President's out most of the time. -


- they have kept the President's men. The President says they are on


armed gang. They say they are protecting the people. Pass this on


to the world, our revolution is peaceable. We don't attack the


regime - they attack us. We are in control here. Duma is ours, and


Syria is ours. The army and security forces keep tried to get


into hair, but we defeat them. -- keep trying to get into here. Duma


is forbidding and dark, with power cuts and fuel shortages. The


Knights of very cold. What has changed around here that means we


are able to move then? Some of defectors are preferred --


protecting us. Inside the city, there are perfect as. Fighting for


Duma? Yes. Slowly, people emerged from the Evening Prayer. Too often


for them, nervous shadows, they head to the mosque, when numbers


make them filled strong. -- field We want to kill by shall as sad. He


has to be killed. -- bash out a as sad. He killed our family's. He has


to be killed. The young men were full of bravado. -- we have to kill


the President. Do you want foreign intervention? If there is


international intervention, that is good. We will win. The intervention


will accelerate the step down of the President. Their enemy, the


President, also has strong supporters. But for protesters


across the country, there is no turning back. This is bad news for


President as sad. An important part of his city, in that hands of the


people, and defender by men who They said it was getting dangerous,


and puzzled us out. The security forces were back, arresting more


people. The former head of the French


company PIP - which is at the centre of an international scare


over faulty breast implants - has been arrested in the south of


France. Jean-Claude Mas, 72, is being questioned as part of an


investigation into manslaughter and involuntary injuries. Thousands of


women around the world have been advised to have their PIP implants


removed as they contain cheap, industrial-grade silicone instead


He has been hiding in isolated luxury, on the green coastline of


the French Riviera, and paid for by the victims of the scandal. But


today, Jean-Claude Mas was finally arrested, with the woman he claims


to have left. His lawyer said the man was co-operating with police,


and dismissed the search of the property as a formality. But


investigators allege he has been very clever in far -- hiding his


fortune. This property is in the name of his girlfriend, as is the


sight of his abandoned PIP Warehouse. The company was


liquidated in March, 2010, but today, we found a factory littered


with documents and abandoned stock. The equipment gives an air of


respectability, but the reality was different. Jean-Claude Mas filled


the m plants with an industrial gel. -- implants. Jean-Claude Mas said


his company had thought European inspectors for 13 years. He said


his staff did what they could to hide the gel. He also said that his


victims were "psychologically fragile", and were only after him


on his money. 20 women have been diagnosed with cancer, but no


direct link has been established with the implants. The major


problem is the rate of rupture - 5% higher than a normal cases. Lawyers


and France said that the arrest is "excellent use". TRANSLATION: We


are relieved, even if it is late. We want a formal inquiry to be


opened, and we want him placed on bail. Jean-Claude Mas will be held


in Marseille for 24 hours, before investigators will decide to charge


him. He complains he is not in good health. There is unlikely to be


sympathy with the women he has duped.


According to the company's website, PIP exported to more than 60


countries. At one stage, it was the third biggest supplier of silicone


implants in the world. Concerns were first raised in 2009, but it's


understood that PIP began to use industrial-grade silicone as far


industrial-grade silicone as far back as 2001. Up to 500,000 women


in 65 different countries have had these type of implants fitted since


then. Health officials in Germany, Czech Republic, the Netherlands,


France and several Latin American countries say the implants should


be removed. However, Britain, Italy, Spain and others say removal is not


Our correspondent, Christian Fraser, joins us live from Marseille now,


where police are holding Jean- Claude Mas. He sounds unsympathetic.


It is a very good point. From the transcripts I read, there is no end


of the at all for thousands of women around the world facing a


choice about whether to have these implants removed, not to mention


the cost incurred. In Britain, the government will not pay for these


implants to be taken out, so many women will have to lobby private


clinics. He has been hit today for most of the day, answering


questions about these allegations we have read about. We are told the


prosecutor, who has been poring over the file, has got to a judge


tonight, and we believe he may also be taken to be judged to be read


the charges. Have you managed to talk to local people, or Billy much


information about Jean-Claude Mas? Who is he? -- all glean much


information. There was an arrest warrant for him, part by the police


in Costa Rica. -- filed. They reported he had a drinking and


gambling problem. He has been under arrest a day, but I have been in


the factories. It is obvious he was exporting all over the world. Some


boxers were marked up for France, America, Britain, and, of course,


France. He was exporting it would be cheaper gel, cutting his costs


and cornering the market. There is a lot of frustration hair for


Now a look at some of the day's other news: David Cameron has said


it's time for eurozone countries to make bold moves to solve their


economic crises. Speaking at the World Economic Forum, in Davos, Mr


Cameron said the eurozone had failed to meet the criteria for


successful monetary union. He said Europe's lack of competitiveness


remained its "Achilles Heel". The medical charity Medecins Sans


Frontieres has suspended its operations in detention centres in


the Libyan city of Misrata because of what it says are persistent


cases of torture. MSF says it has treated more that 100 people for


torture-related injuries at the centres.


President good luck Jonathan has challenged the Islamist group. He


said military confrontation would not eliminate terror attacks. He


said what was needed was an urban grid enabling environment for young


people do find jobs ". In Bulgaria, an alert was declared


as villagers were left without power.


Pakistan is set to introduce new laws which will criminalise forced


marriage and acid attacks on women. The laws will also mean tougher


sentences in cases of domestic violence. But, as Aleem Maqbool


Cases of brutality against women are often carried out supposedly in


the name of family honour. She was just 16 when she says her


husband woke her up in the middle Longer than usual to get water from


a well and he thought she was having an affair. Her husband's


been on the run since the attack. Salma says she won't be at peace


Don't want their women to go outside the home. They think if


they decide about their life they will take wrong decision, so they


want them in their homes. This woman is in her 50s. She was in her


home after an argument with her son's wife when she says two men


burst into the yard. She recognised them as relatives of her daughter


in law. She says they forced her into her room, where they beat her


and raped her. She says, "Since what happened to me, I have no life.


It's like I have a disease with no cure. It's difficult for me to eat.


"There are countless women in Pakistan for whom change is coming


far too slowly. Let's talk more in general about


domestic violence against women. Joining us now is Laura Turquet


from UN women, she's author of the UN report progress of the world's


It is estimated that up to 60% of women will face violence in their


lifetime, whether that his crimes lifetime, whether that his crimes


in the name of one or sexual harassment. As a result of the huge


scale of it, the Secretary-General of the UN has described it as a


"great human rights violation". There is a need to accelerate our


efforts in this area. We can see you can introduce laws, but that


doesn't deliver results necessarily, does it? The authorities often turn


a blind eye. Passing laws on violence against women is a very


critical first step, but it is only a first step. One of the things we


highlighted is that the laws must be drafted in such a way as to make


it very clear to the police, for example, that what they must do in


order to week -- meet women's needs. It will also ensure that shelters


can be provided. Regarding the police, it is important to ensure


police are trained specifically on the issues of violence, because


often police themselves reflect attitudes in society at large, and


regard violence against women as a private issue. I think it is very


important to ensure that police are properly trained, so that when


women plumper than, they are dealt with appropriately. How far can UN


women get a universal approach to this? Violence happens in affluent


societies, and more traditional societies. One of the things we are


calling for is a universal set of standard women can expect. That


includes things like sharpers, emergency hotlines, -- shelters.


There is caused further optimism, because countries are taking very


important steps in providing these services, and countries can learn


from one another. They can take the necessary steps to end this scourge.


We had a report from Pakistan, and staying in Pakistan, the death toll


of those killed by contaminated heart medicine has increased to


more than 100 people. Doctors say another 250 are being treated. The


drugs were given for free. Arrests have been made, and at least one


pharmaceutical firm has been closed. The authorities are trying to


contain this health crisis, as the death toll grows. Patients


suffering heart problems, made sicker by a drugs they took.


TRANSLATION: My mouth is saw. I cannot urinate. There is leading


from my mouth and nose. Officials have warned that the drugs may have


been given to newly 40,000 people. They say samples are being tested


in the UK and France. Relatives of the dead and are angry at what they


see as the authorities's slow response. TRANSLATION: My father


died on December 23rd. There was bleeding from his mouth and urinary


tract. 600,000 people receive free medication every year, and it is


taking time to establish how many people have been affected.


TRANSLATION: After looking at their lab tests, we will formalise how


many people come under that bracket. It is a worrying time a heart


patients. Three local drugs companies have been arrested for


supplying contaminated medication. The authorities are being


criticised for having chosen to buy from cheap, rather than reputable,


Rarery do you see images of an international figure looking so


shaken. The Australian Prime Minister had to be dragged to


safety by her bodyguards after being surrounded by an angry group


of indigenous rights protesters. The Prime Minister was giving out


medals at an Australia day ceremony when the protesters started


shouting through the window. Miss Gillard looks around to see where


the noise is coming from. The chants grew louder, the protesters


metres from the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition. By


now around 200 Aboriginal people had gathered and started banging on


the windows. Apparently angered by comments from Mr Abbot calling for


the end to a long standing tented camp set up outside Parliament.


Bodyguards fearing the demonstration could get out of hand,


decided to make a run for it. It was then these chaotic scenes


involving the Prime Minister unfolded. One bodyguard grabbed


Miss Gillard around the shoulder and rushed her towards the car.


There's a look of alarm on the Prime Minister's face as she's


scrambled away. At one point, she appears to trip, almost ending up


on the ground. But the bodyguard still held on. The scram tobl get


the two most important political figures to safety may have cost the


Prime Minister some of her dignity. For the people involved they say


the lack of dignity shown to the indigenous people bylet state is


the reason they were angry in the first place. The police say the


Prime Minister was never in danger, but it's an ugly incident to remind


all Australians that the country's indigenous people continue to claim


rights and respect, they believe, are denied them.


Very dramatic pictures. One story in brief, a commissioner for a body,


monitoring the London 2012 Olympics has resigned over lynchs -- links


with Dow Chemical. The 1984Bopal disaster saw a leak of poisonous


gas which killed 8,000 people in three days and tens of thousands


more in the years that followed. She had resigned because she felt


she had legitimised the claims that Dow had no responsibility for Bopal.


It's the first exhibition in the world dedicated to the personal


journey to Muslim pilgrims to mecca. The British Museum's Hajj opens


today and includes prices, manuscripts, textiles and the rail


tickets for the trip. It's history of a personal journey,


a pilgrimage which could be once in a life time and this exhibition


offers an understanding of an important part of Islamic


consciousness. Part of it like going on a journey. It meean derz


through, until we get to the centre of the exhibition where we have


textiles. This journey is also across time and the exhibition


draws on priceless objects from 40 lenders from 14 countries. The Hajj


attracts three million pilgrims each year. This exhibition is aimed


not only at giving and understanding the religious


significance of the Hajj but also the beauty and cultural


sophistication of the artefacts associated with it.


The organisers hope the exhibition will give a different view of Islam


for non-Muslims and for Muslims a deeper experience. To understand


the beauty of the old and the culture and for the first time be


close to the objects that they can, they do not have an opportunity to


see when they go for their Hajj. The items are not only historic,


but also reflect a contemporary view of the Hajj. This is one of


several artists whose work is on show. The design is made up of


words spoken by the pilgrims. wanted it to be like the mosque in


mecca, so each word represents a foot step coming towards the centre


of this incredible energy. I'm trying to capture that in a drawing.


Now we're coming, we're in the entrance... This is the latest in a


number of recent exhibitions on Islamic culture in London. The


British Museum says that the West has had an interest in Islamic art


for centuries. In the British Museum we have had objects which


relate to the Islamic world right from when the British Museum was


founded, actually in 1753, some of the earliest objects are amulets


which were collected. For visitors, in particular Muslims, they may


have an understanding of the spear chuelt of their belief, but here is


a visual display of it. Let's remind you of the main news -


the Arab League is to ask the United Nationss Security Council to


back the plan to end the violence in Syria. On Sunday the Arab League


called for the President Bashar al- Assad to step down and hand power


to his deputy. And the former head of the French


company PIP, which is at the centre of an international scare over


faulty breast implants, has been arrested in his home in the south


of France. 72-year-old Jean-Claude Mas faces charges of manslaughter


and fraud. Wrong camera, that's all from the


programme. Now it's the weather. Hello. We have a cold night ahead.


More of the wintry showers with snow on the hills across northern


areas. A similar day tomorrow with sunshine and wintry showers. Low


pressure is driving our warge at the moment, sitting to the north of


us. Bands of showers around that. Brisk winds. High pressure coming


in for Friday night and the weekend. For Friday then, tomorrow we start


with these showers, Northern Ireland, south-west Scotland, North


West England, snow on hills. Then they drift south-east wards. Away


from the North West of England, in England and Wales, most start dry


and bright. We will see some of these showers filtering south-east.


So a bit of cloud building in south-east England for example. By


mid-afternoon, you could catch a shower, may come with hail possibly


a rumble of thunder. South-west England and Wales, still some of


the showers around. Out of these you could see sleet and snow to


higher ground. Some snow on the hills from the showers in North


West England. For Northern Ireland and Scotland, after early showers,


they'll die away through the afternoon and it turns drier and


brighter. The wind eases as well. The killing off of those showers,


that process continues into Friday evening. Then for most on Friday


night, it will be dry and there will be a widespread frost. We get


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