26/01/2012 World News Today


26/01/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. Inside Syria

:00:10.:00:14.

with the Free Army: We have a special report from the suburb of

:00:14.:00:17.

the capital Damascus that is controlled by anti-Asaad forces who

:00:17.:00:24.

have defected from the Syrian army. How much of a challenge are they to

:00:24.:00:27.

the regime? If there is international

:00:27.:00:30.

intervention, it's good. We are going to win - whether there is

:00:31.:00:35.

intervention from outside or not. The Frenchman at the centre of the

:00:36.:00:38.

sub-standard breast implant scandal is under arrest and faces charges

:00:38.:00:47.

of manslaughter and fraud. We are relieved, even if it's late.

:00:47.:00:50.

We want a formal inquiry to be opened, and we want him placed on

:00:51.:00:54.

bail so he can't leave the country. Protecting Pakistani women from

:00:54.:00:57.

acid attacks and domestic violence - can new laws stop these brutal

:00:57.:01:04.

attacks? Also coming up in the programme:

:01:04.:01:06.

Forced to flee the angry crowds during an Australia Day celebration

:01:06.:01:09.

- the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, is involved in angry protests by

:01:09.:01:18.

angry Aboriginal activists. And the first museum show in the

:01:18.:01:21.

world of the Muslim pilgrimage the Hajj - the great spiritual journey

:01:21.:01:31.
:01:31.:01:38.

Hello, and welcome. The pressure on Syria looks set to increase now

:01:38.:01:42.

that the Arab League has announced it is to ask the UN Security

:01:42.:01:47.

Council to back its plan to try to end the violence. On Sunday, the

:01:47.:01:50.

League called for the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, to step

:01:50.:01:54.

down and hand power to his Deputy. Inside Syria itself, defectors who

:01:54.:01:57.

have formed the Free Syrian Army now control the Damascus suburb of

:01:57.:02:04.

Douma. Our Middle East editor, Jeremy Bowen, was helped by local

:02:04.:02:07.

activists to enter the area last night, and has just sent this

:02:07.:02:17.

report. Look at Central Damascus, and you

:02:17.:02:22.

might think this city is calm. But when night falls, head for the

:02:22.:02:31.

suburb of Duma. Getting there is not easy. But at the end of a muddy

:02:31.:02:37.

lane it is a checkpoint, controlled by the Free Syrian Army. A loose

:02:37.:02:43.

alliance of army defectors, fighting President Assad's military.

:02:43.:02:53.

Locals say they have kept at the President's out most of the time. -

:02:53.:03:01.

- they have kept the President's men. The President says they are on

:03:01.:03:08.

armed gang. They say they are protecting the people. Pass this on

:03:08.:03:14.

to the world, our revolution is peaceable. We don't attack the

:03:14.:03:21.

regime - they attack us. We are in control here. Duma is ours, and

:03:21.:03:25.

Syria is ours. The army and security forces keep tried to get

:03:25.:03:34.

into hair, but we defeat them. -- keep trying to get into here. Duma

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is forbidding and dark, with power cuts and fuel shortages. The

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Knights of very cold. What has changed around here that means we

:03:46.:03:54.

are able to move then? Some of defectors are preferred --

:03:54.:04:03.

protecting us. Inside the city, there are perfect as. Fighting for

:04:03.:04:10.

Duma? Yes. Slowly, people emerged from the Evening Prayer. Too often

:04:10.:04:19.

for them, nervous shadows, they head to the mosque, when numbers

:04:19.:04:29.
:04:29.:04:42.

make them filled strong. -- field We want to kill by shall as sad. He

:04:42.:04:52.
:04:52.:04:55.

has to be killed. -- bash out a as sad. He killed our family's. He has

:04:55.:05:05.
:05:05.:05:07.

to be killed. The young men were full of bravado. -- we have to kill

:05:07.:05:13.

the President. Do you want foreign intervention? If there is

:05:13.:05:21.

international intervention, that is good. We will win. The intervention

:05:21.:05:26.

will accelerate the step down of the President. Their enemy, the

:05:26.:05:31.

President, also has strong supporters. But for protesters

:05:31.:05:39.

across the country, there is no turning back. This is bad news for

:05:39.:05:43.

President as sad. An important part of his city, in that hands of the

:05:43.:05:53.
:05:53.:06:05.

people, and defender by men who They said it was getting dangerous,

:06:05.:06:12.

and puzzled us out. The security forces were back, arresting more

:06:12.:06:22.

people. The former head of the French

:06:22.:06:25.

company PIP - which is at the centre of an international scare

:06:25.:06:28.

over faulty breast implants - has been arrested in the south of

:06:28.:06:33.

France. Jean-Claude Mas, 72, is being questioned as part of an

:06:33.:06:37.

investigation into manslaughter and involuntary injuries. Thousands of

:06:37.:06:40.

women around the world have been advised to have their PIP implants

:06:40.:06:42.

removed as they contain cheap, industrial-grade silicone instead

:06:42.:06:52.
:06:52.:06:59.

He has been hiding in isolated luxury, on the green coastline of

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the French Riviera, and paid for by the victims of the scandal. But

:07:06.:07:11.

today, Jean-Claude Mas was finally arrested, with the woman he claims

:07:11.:07:18.

to have left. His lawyer said the man was co-operating with police,

:07:18.:07:24.

and dismissed the search of the property as a formality. But

:07:24.:07:30.

investigators allege he has been very clever in far -- hiding his

:07:30.:07:36.

fortune. This property is in the name of his girlfriend, as is the

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sight of his abandoned PIP Warehouse. The company was

:07:41.:07:46.

liquidated in March, 2010, but today, we found a factory littered

:07:46.:07:51.

with documents and abandoned stock. The equipment gives an air of

:07:51.:07:56.

respectability, but the reality was different. Jean-Claude Mas filled

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the m plants with an industrial gel. -- implants. Jean-Claude Mas said

:08:03.:08:09.

his company had thought European inspectors for 13 years. He said

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his staff did what they could to hide the gel. He also said that his

:08:15.:08:22.

victims were "psychologically fragile", and were only after him

:08:22.:08:27.

on his money. 20 women have been diagnosed with cancer, but no

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direct link has been established with the implants. The major

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problem is the rate of rupture - 5% higher than a normal cases. Lawyers

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and France said that the arrest is "excellent use". TRANSLATION: We

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are relieved, even if it is late. We want a formal inquiry to be

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opened, and we want him placed on bail. Jean-Claude Mas will be held

:08:56.:09:04.

in Marseille for 24 hours, before investigators will decide to charge

:09:04.:09:09.

him. He complains he is not in good health. There is unlikely to be

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sympathy with the women he has duped.

:09:14.:09:16.

According to the company's website, PIP exported to more than 60

:09:16.:09:20.

countries. At one stage, it was the third biggest supplier of silicone

:09:20.:09:24.

implants in the world. Concerns were first raised in 2009, but it's

:09:24.:09:27.

understood that PIP began to use industrial-grade silicone as far

:09:27.:09:35.

industrial-grade silicone as far back as 2001. Up to 500,000 women

:09:35.:09:38.

in 65 different countries have had these type of implants fitted since

:09:38.:09:40.

then. Health officials in Germany, Czech Republic, the Netherlands,

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France and several Latin American countries say the implants should

:09:43.:09:48.

be removed. However, Britain, Italy, Spain and others say removal is not

:09:48.:09:57.

Our correspondent, Christian Fraser, joins us live from Marseille now,

:09:57.:10:07.
:10:07.:10:13.

where police are holding Jean- Claude Mas. He sounds unsympathetic.

:10:13.:10:19.

It is a very good point. From the transcripts I read, there is no end

:10:19.:10:23.

of the at all for thousands of women around the world facing a

:10:23.:10:28.

choice about whether to have these implants removed, not to mention

:10:28.:10:32.

the cost incurred. In Britain, the government will not pay for these

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implants to be taken out, so many women will have to lobby private

:10:37.:10:41.

clinics. He has been hit today for most of the day, answering

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questions about these allegations we have read about. We are told the

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prosecutor, who has been poring over the file, has got to a judge

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tonight, and we believe he may also be taken to be judged to be read

:10:56.:11:03.

the charges. Have you managed to talk to local people, or Billy much

:11:03.:11:12.

information about Jean-Claude Mas? Who is he? -- all glean much

:11:12.:11:18.

information. There was an arrest warrant for him, part by the police

:11:18.:11:26.

in Costa Rica. -- filed. They reported he had a drinking and

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gambling problem. He has been under arrest a day, but I have been in

:11:31.:11:38.

the factories. It is obvious he was exporting all over the world. Some

:11:38.:11:43.

boxers were marked up for France, America, Britain, and, of course,

:11:43.:11:51.

France. He was exporting it would be cheaper gel, cutting his costs

:11:51.:11:56.

and cornering the market. There is a lot of frustration hair for

:11:56.:12:06.
:12:06.:12:08.

Now a look at some of the day's other news: David Cameron has said

:12:08.:12:11.

it's time for eurozone countries to make bold moves to solve their

:12:11.:12:17.

economic crises. Speaking at the World Economic Forum, in Davos, Mr

:12:17.:12:19.

Cameron said the eurozone had failed to meet the criteria for

:12:19.:12:22.

successful monetary union. He said Europe's lack of competitiveness

:12:22.:12:32.
:12:32.:12:32.

remained its "Achilles Heel". The medical charity Medecins Sans

:12:32.:12:34.

Frontieres has suspended its operations in detention centres in

:12:34.:12:37.

the Libyan city of Misrata because of what it says are persistent

:12:37.:12:41.

cases of torture. MSF says it has treated more that 100 people for

:12:41.:12:47.

torture-related injuries at the centres.

:12:47.:12:57.

President good luck Jonathan has challenged the Islamist group. He

:12:57.:13:01.

said military confrontation would not eliminate terror attacks. He

:13:01.:13:06.

said what was needed was an urban grid enabling environment for young

:13:06.:13:16.
:13:16.:13:23.

people do find jobs ". In Bulgaria, an alert was declared

:13:23.:13:30.

as villagers were left without power.

:13:30.:13:33.

Pakistan is set to introduce new laws which will criminalise forced

:13:33.:13:36.

marriage and acid attacks on women. The laws will also mean tougher

:13:36.:13:38.

sentences in cases of domestic violence. But, as Aleem Maqbool

:13:38.:13:46.

Cases of brutality against women are often carried out supposedly in

:13:46.:13:54.

the name of family honour. She was just 16 when she says her

:13:54.:14:04.
:14:04.:14:22.

husband woke her up in the middle Longer than usual to get water from

:14:22.:14:25.

a well and he thought she was having an affair. Her husband's

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been on the run since the attack. Salma says she won't be at peace

:14:31.:14:41.
:14:41.:15:05.

Don't want their women to go outside the home. They think if

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they decide about their life they will take wrong decision, so they

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want them in their homes. This woman is in her 50s. She was in her

:15:16.:15:20.

home after an argument with her son's wife when she says two men

:15:20.:15:23.

burst into the yard. She recognised them as relatives of her daughter

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in law. She says they forced her into her room, where they beat her

:15:28.:15:38.
:15:38.:15:43.

and raped her. She says, "Since what happened to me, I have no life.

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It's like I have a disease with no cure. It's difficult for me to eat.

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"There are countless women in Pakistan for whom change is coming

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far too slowly. Let's talk more in general about

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domestic violence against women. Joining us now is Laura Turquet

:16:03.:16:07.

from UN women, she's author of the UN report progress of the world's

:16:07.:16:17.
:16:17.:16:24.

It is estimated that up to 60% of women will face violence in their

:16:24.:16:29.

lifetime, whether that his crimes lifetime, whether that his crimes

:16:29.:16:34.

in the name of one or sexual harassment. As a result of the huge

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scale of it, the Secretary-General of the UN has described it as a

:16:41.:16:47.

"great human rights violation". There is a need to accelerate our

:16:47.:16:52.

efforts in this area. We can see you can introduce laws, but that

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doesn't deliver results necessarily, does it? The authorities often turn

:16:57.:17:05.

a blind eye. Passing laws on violence against women is a very

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critical first step, but it is only a first step. One of the things we

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highlighted is that the laws must be drafted in such a way as to make

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it very clear to the police, for example, that what they must do in

:17:21.:17:27.

order to week -- meet women's needs. It will also ensure that shelters

:17:27.:17:32.

can be provided. Regarding the police, it is important to ensure

:17:32.:17:37.

police are trained specifically on the issues of violence, because

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often police themselves reflect attitudes in society at large, and

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regard violence against women as a private issue. I think it is very

:17:51.:17:54.

important to ensure that police are properly trained, so that when

:17:54.:18:01.

women plumper than, they are dealt with appropriately. How far can UN

:18:01.:18:07.

women get a universal approach to this? Violence happens in affluent

:18:07.:18:16.

societies, and more traditional societies. One of the things we are

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calling for is a universal set of standard women can expect. That

:18:22.:18:32.
:18:32.:18:33.

includes things like sharpers, emergency hotlines, -- shelters.

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There is caused further optimism, because countries are taking very

:18:37.:18:42.

important steps in providing these services, and countries can learn

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from one another. They can take the necessary steps to end this scourge.

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We had a report from Pakistan, and staying in Pakistan, the death toll

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of those killed by contaminated heart medicine has increased to

:19:00.:19:07.

more than 100 people. Doctors say another 250 are being treated. The

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drugs were given for free. Arrests have been made, and at least one

:19:13.:19:20.

pharmaceutical firm has been closed. The authorities are trying to

:19:20.:19:25.

contain this health crisis, as the death toll grows. Patients

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suffering heart problems, made sicker by a drugs they took.

:19:32.:19:38.

TRANSLATION: My mouth is saw. I cannot urinate. There is leading

:19:38.:19:43.

from my mouth and nose. Officials have warned that the drugs may have

:19:43.:19:49.

been given to newly 40,000 people. They say samples are being tested

:19:49.:19:54.

in the UK and France. Relatives of the dead and are angry at what they

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see as the authorities's slow response. TRANSLATION: My father

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died on December 23rd. There was bleeding from his mouth and urinary

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tract. 600,000 people receive free medication every year, and it is

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taking time to establish how many people have been affected.

:20:19.:20:23.

TRANSLATION: After looking at their lab tests, we will formalise how

:20:23.:20:29.

many people come under that bracket. It is a worrying time a heart

:20:29.:20:34.

patients. Three local drugs companies have been arrested for

:20:34.:20:38.

supplying contaminated medication. The authorities are being

:20:38.:20:44.

criticised for having chosen to buy from cheap, rather than reputable,

:20:44.:20:54.
:20:54.:20:57.

Rarery do you see images of an international figure looking so

:20:57.:21:00.

shaken. The Australian Prime Minister had to be dragged to

:21:00.:21:03.

safety by her bodyguards after being surrounded by an angry group

:21:04.:21:13.

of indigenous rights protesters. The Prime Minister was giving out

:21:13.:21:17.

medals at an Australia day ceremony when the protesters started

:21:17.:21:22.

shouting through the window. Miss Gillard looks around to see where

:21:22.:21:28.

the noise is coming from. The chants grew louder, the protesters

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metres from the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition. By

:21:32.:21:36.

now around 200 Aboriginal people had gathered and started banging on

:21:36.:21:41.

the windows. Apparently angered by comments from Mr Abbot calling for

:21:41.:21:48.

the end to a long standing tented camp set up outside Parliament.

:21:48.:21:50.

Bodyguards fearing the demonstration could get out of hand,

:21:50.:21:55.

decided to make a run for it. It was then these chaotic scenes

:21:55.:22:00.

involving the Prime Minister unfolded. One bodyguard grabbed

:22:00.:22:03.

Miss Gillard around the shoulder and rushed her towards the car.

:22:03.:22:07.

There's a look of alarm on the Prime Minister's face as she's

:22:07.:22:11.

scrambled away. At one point, she appears to trip, almost ending up

:22:11.:22:18.

on the ground. But the bodyguard still held on. The scram tobl get

:22:18.:22:22.

the two most important political figures to safety may have cost the

:22:22.:22:25.

Prime Minister some of her dignity. For the people involved they say

:22:25.:22:29.

the lack of dignity shown to the indigenous people bylet state is

:22:29.:22:35.

the reason they were angry in the first place. The police say the

:22:35.:22:40.

Prime Minister was never in danger, but it's an ugly incident to remind

:22:40.:22:43.

all Australians that the country's indigenous people continue to claim

:22:43.:22:51.

rights and respect, they believe, are denied them.

:22:52.:22:56.

Very dramatic pictures. One story in brief, a commissioner for a body,

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monitoring the London 2012 Olympics has resigned over lynchs -- links

:23:01.:23:10.

with Dow Chemical. The 1984Bopal disaster saw a leak of poisonous

:23:10.:23:15.

gas which killed 8,000 people in three days and tens of thousands

:23:15.:23:20.

more in the years that followed. She had resigned because she felt

:23:20.:23:26.

she had legitimised the claims that Dow had no responsibility for Bopal.

:23:26.:23:31.

It's the first exhibition in the world dedicated to the personal

:23:31.:23:35.

journey to Muslim pilgrims to mecca. The British Museum's Hajj opens

:23:36.:23:39.

today and includes prices, manuscripts, textiles and the rail

:23:39.:23:49.
:23:49.:23:51.

tickets for the trip. It's history of a personal journey,

:23:51.:23:55.

a pilgrimage which could be once in a life time and this exhibition

:23:55.:23:59.

offers an understanding of an important part of Islamic

:23:59.:24:05.

consciousness. Part of it like going on a journey. It meean derz

:24:05.:24:11.

through, until we get to the centre of the exhibition where we have

:24:11.:24:18.

textiles. This journey is also across time and the exhibition

:24:18.:24:25.

draws on priceless objects from 40 lenders from 14 countries. The Hajj

:24:25.:24:28.

attracts three million pilgrims each year. This exhibition is aimed

:24:28.:24:31.

not only at giving and understanding the religious

:24:31.:24:37.

significance of the Hajj but also the beauty and cultural

:24:37.:24:39.

sophistication of the artefacts associated with it.

:24:39.:24:43.

The organisers hope the exhibition will give a different view of Islam

:24:43.:24:47.

for non-Muslims and for Muslims a deeper experience. To understand

:24:47.:24:54.

the beauty of the old and the culture and for the first time be

:24:54.:24:59.

close to the objects that they can, they do not have an opportunity to

:24:59.:25:04.

see when they go for their Hajj. The items are not only historic,

:25:04.:25:10.

but also reflect a contemporary view of the Hajj. This is one of

:25:10.:25:14.

several artists whose work is on show. The design is made up of

:25:14.:25:20.

words spoken by the pilgrims. wanted it to be like the mosque in

:25:20.:25:26.

mecca, so each word represents a foot step coming towards the centre

:25:26.:25:31.

of this incredible energy. I'm trying to capture that in a drawing.

:25:31.:25:35.

Now we're coming, we're in the entrance... This is the latest in a

:25:35.:25:39.

number of recent exhibitions on Islamic culture in London. The

:25:39.:25:44.

British Museum says that the West has had an interest in Islamic art

:25:44.:25:47.

for centuries. In the British Museum we have had objects which

:25:47.:25:51.

relate to the Islamic world right from when the British Museum was

:25:51.:25:57.

founded, actually in 1753, some of the earliest objects are amulets

:25:57.:26:04.

which were collected. For visitors, in particular Muslims, they may

:26:05.:26:10.

have an understanding of the spear chuelt of their belief, but here is

:26:10.:26:19.

a visual display of it. Let's remind you of the main news -

:26:19.:26:23.

the Arab League is to ask the United Nationss Security Council to

:26:23.:26:27.

back the plan to end the violence in Syria. On Sunday the Arab League

:26:27.:26:30.

called for the President Bashar al- Assad to step down and hand power

:26:30.:26:32.

to his deputy. And the former head of the French

:26:32.:26:36.

company PIP, which is at the centre of an international scare over

:26:36.:26:40.

faulty breast implants, has been arrested in his home in the south

:26:40.:26:43.

of France. 72-year-old Jean-Claude Mas faces charges of manslaughter

:26:43.:26:48.

and fraud. Wrong camera, that's all from the

:26:48.:26:58.
:26:58.:27:02.

programme. Now it's the weather. Hello. We have a cold night ahead.

:27:02.:27:05.

More of the wintry showers with snow on the hills across northern

:27:05.:27:09.

areas. A similar day tomorrow with sunshine and wintry showers. Low

:27:09.:27:13.

pressure is driving our warge at the moment, sitting to the north of

:27:13.:27:17.

us. Bands of showers around that. Brisk winds. High pressure coming

:27:17.:27:21.

in for Friday night and the weekend. For Friday then, tomorrow we start

:27:21.:27:24.

with these showers, Northern Ireland, south-west Scotland, North

:27:24.:27:28.

West England, snow on hills. Then they drift south-east wards. Away

:27:28.:27:32.

from the North West of England, in England and Wales, most start dry

:27:32.:27:36.

and bright. We will see some of these showers filtering south-east.

:27:36.:27:39.

So a bit of cloud building in south-east England for example. By

:27:39.:27:43.

mid-afternoon, you could catch a shower, may come with hail possibly

:27:43.:27:46.

a rumble of thunder. South-west England and Wales, still some of

:27:46.:27:49.

the showers around. Out of these you could see sleet and snow to

:27:50.:27:53.

higher ground. Some snow on the hills from the showers in North

:27:53.:27:56.

West England. For Northern Ireland and Scotland, after early showers,

:27:56.:28:00.

they'll die away through the afternoon and it turns drier and

:28:00.:28:04.

brighter. The wind eases as well. The killing off of those showers,

:28:04.:28:08.

that process continues into Friday evening. Then for most on Friday

:28:08.:28:11.

night, it will be dry and there will be a widespread frost. We get

:28:12.:28:16.

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