27/01/2012 World News Today


27/01/2012

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This is World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The UN Security

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Council is about to discuss a draft resolution urging the Syria's

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President Assad to step down. But in Syria itself, the authorities

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launched a massive attack on opposition strongholds in what one

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activist calls a terrifying massacre.

:00:30.:00:35.

Keeping watch on Iran - the head of the UN's atomic agency tells us he

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does not believe Teheran has revealed everything about its

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nuclear programme. The problem is that we are not sure whether Iran

:00:43.:00:48.

has declared everything, and therefore we cannot give assurance

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that everything is for a peaceful purpose.

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An escalating dispute over oil wealth. The leaders of Sudan and

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South Sudan that failed to resolve their differences at mediation

:01:01.:01:06.

talks in Ethiopia. Also coming up: At the highest unemployment rate in

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the developed world - we report from Spain, where the new

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government is grappling with the new jobless rate, which is twice

:01:14.:01:24.
:01:24.:01:30.

And a musical meditation on that September macro as the world

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renowned grimness Quartet comes to Hello and welcome. Activist in

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Syria say government forces have launched renewed assaults on

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several cities. Witnesses say beef feared 4th division is leading the

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attack in the City of Hama. These pictures, which we are unable to

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verify, seem to show people demonstrating after Friday prayers

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in the cities of Homs and another city. Activists say that shortly

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after these pictures were taken, security forces opened fire. More

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than 130 people are believed to have been killed across Syria in

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the last 48 hours. The head of the Arab League observer mission says

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violence and Syria has risen sharply since Tuesday. But what of

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the opposition fighters who have taken up arms or defected from the

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Syrian army? Our Middle East Editor reports now from the Damascus

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suburb of where the Assad Government's grip appears to be

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weakening. To find out the strength of the

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opposition, drive into the suburbs of Damascus. We had no idea what we

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would discover. We found the Free Syria Army, deserters from the

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President's forces and local men, securing a poor district on the

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edge of the city. They said they were protecting the people who were

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about to hold a funeral. They looked well established here, with

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sandbag firing positions. Everyone was on edge. For 10 months, the

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regime's forces have been cracking down hard on Friday protests. This

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commander said he had been a general in the Syrian government

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forces. A man interrupted to praise the Free Syria Army. Then,

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something nobody wanted to hear. Security are coming? Don't be

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afraid, said the general, our resistance is strong. Some of them

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got ready to fight. Stay with me, said the general, don't be afraid.

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Sentries were sending in information by phone. They all

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seemed to know what was happening. They went into their positions and

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others moved to deeper into the suburb, where the funeral had

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It had felt as if every man in the suburb was there.

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A big send-off for a man who was killed by the security forces.

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Across Syria, funerals are focus for opposition. They chanted, "oh,

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God, you're all we have. We are your men". This is another section

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of the suburbs of Damascus which has slipped out of the control of

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President Assad. The only way he can enforce his authority is by

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sending in his men and by using their guns and bullets. And for a

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moment, that is what we thought was about to happen. It shows the

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tension, even with the Free Syria Army close by. It was time for us

:05:12.:05:21.
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to go. He warned about snipers. Getting out was not easy. The Free

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Syria Army controller a surprisingly big area, but it was

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surrounded. All this does not mean that the president is about to fall.

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He has his own strong support and lethal weapons, but the regime's

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forces cannot be everywhere at once and the power of the opposition is

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growing. Those dramatic scenes were from

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Damascus. The head of the un's atomic agency

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is urging Iran to engage constructively with a team of

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inspectors heading to Tehran this weekend. A report by the

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International Atomic Energy Agency in November has reinforced

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suspicions that Iran is pursuing nuclear weapons, despite its

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repeated denials. The IAEA chief, Yukiya Amano, said efforts to

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verify whether Iran's nuclear activities Arfon on a military

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purposes had been hampered by a lack of co-operation. Talks on

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around's nuclear ambitions broke Darin Turkey one year ago. The

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Iranian President, Mahmood Ahmadinejad, insists Tehran is not

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budget negotiations and is ready for talks with world powers. But

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several other countries are still waiting for Tehran took reply to a

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letter sent by the European Union's foreign policy chief, Catherine

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Ashton, in October, calling for any discussions. The EU imposed its

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harsher sanctions yet on Iran this week, including an oil embargo and

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freezing of its central bank assets. Britain, France and the US also

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recently sailed warships through the Strait of Hall news, a key

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supply route which Iran has repeatedly threatened to close. And

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today, the Israeli Defence Minister called for even tougher sanctions

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to stop the run from reaching the point where a military strike could

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not prevent it from having nuclear weapons.

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I have been talking to the head of the IAEA, Yukiya Amano, at the

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World Economic Forum en Davos. Does he believe the later sanctions by

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the EU will have the desired effect of making Iran return to the

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negotiating table? -- latest sanctions. In my view, engaging

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with the IAEA will clarify the outstanding issue and it should be

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in the interests of Iran itself. And do you believe that Iran has

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declared everything in respect of its nuclear programme? You had

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these inspectors going to Tehran to start their work. -- you have.

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is a problem. Iran has declared a good number of facilities and they

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are under the IAEA Safe Guard, and we can verify that they stay in

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peaceful purposes. The problem is that we are not sure whether Iran

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has declared everything and therefore we cannot give assurances

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that everything is for a peaceful purpose. Do you personally believe,

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Yukiya Amano, that Iran is trying to develop a nuclear bomb? We have

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chosen our words very carefully. We do not say that Iran has nuclear

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weapons. We do not say that Iran has made a decision to develop

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nuclear weapons. What we said to is that we have the information that

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indicates that Iran engaged in activities relevant to the

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development of nuclear explosive devices, and the information is

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credible. Therefore, we would like to clarify these issues. The EU has

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imposed its toughest sanctions yet. Do you believe that the United

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Nations is going to also route follows suit and ask for a total

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oil embargoes and a frieze of all central bank assets? Do you think

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Japan will follow suit? Is that what you are pushing for? As we are

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not working in the sanction of fields, we are working in the area

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of a verification. It is difficult. In my view, the IAEA has a role to

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play and countries have a role to play, the UN has a role to play and

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everyone needs to work in it their own fields and with a combination

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of efforts, we hope that we can make progress. Israel is one

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country that is very worried about Iran's nuclear ambitions. The

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Defence Minister, Ehud Barak, has said he is content to see the world

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in the driving seat in terms of getting a diplomatic resolution but

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he said he would never turn down the option of using force against

:10:16.:10:22.

Iran unilaterally. A my response to that is that we have to solve this

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issue through dialogue. By dialogue, I mean that Iran has to tell us

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everything. I have identified the areas where Iran needs to engage

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with us. Iran has a case to answer. What do you say to the Israelis?

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You have met Ehud Barak in Davos, who says that balls is not going to

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be taken off the table. Barack Obama also said similar things.

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What do you say? I am doing everything possible in my power to

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solve this issue of in a peaceful manner. I believe that Israel

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appreciates that the IAEA is to starting its responsibility. By the

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way, I believe that all the countries support activities to

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verify the nuclear activities of Iran. The head of the UN's atomic

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agency, the IAEA, talking to me from Davos.

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Coil is a commodity that is often seen as a curse and a blessing. It

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is hard to know which way it will go at the moment for South Sudan.

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When the country became independent six months ago, and neighbouring

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Sudan lost most of its oil wealth because the most of the fields were

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in the South. The dispute is escalating over the revenues are

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linked to the oil pipelines that run through Sudan. The presidents

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of the two countries failed to reach agreement during mediation

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talks in Addis Ababa today. This stand-off is already being

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called the oil war. Last week, South Sudan announced it was

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stopping its oil production after accusing Sudan of stealing its oil.

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Saddam had started confiscating South Sudan's most precious

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resource when both sides were unable to agree how much the new

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country should pay in transit fees. -- Sudan or had it started. Issues

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like the borders, citizenship and others were unresolved. About

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three-quarters of the oil fields in South Sudan are under dispute. But

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as a landlocked country, South Sudan relies on Saddam for the

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pipelines. The dispute about the transit fees continued attention

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group. Hearing Khartoum, they know that Sudan's economy needs that

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:13:04.:13:04.

money. -- here in at Khartoum. Euphoria of Independence Day

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celebrations didn't last long. South Saddam's decision to shut all

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production down as Gail -- gained support throughout the country but

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there are tough economic times ahead. During the long years of war,

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south Sudanese people managed without oil revenues and they could

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tear it again. That is the gist of President Salva Kiir's message.

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Others fear that if there is no agreement over or oil, Sudan and

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South Sudan could drift into another conflict.

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Let's take a look at some of the other news. The President of France,

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Nicolas Sarkozy, has announced French combat troops will leave

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Afghanistan at the end of 2013. He also said French soldiers in

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Afghanistan will resume their training mission from Saturday.

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Last week, four French troops in Officials in Iraq say at least 32

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people have died after a blast near Bureau procession in a mainly Shia

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area of Baghdad. They say be blast was caused by a suicide bomber

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driving a car laden with explosives. -- near a funeral procession.

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The Olympic Village in London has been handed over by the organisers

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of the 2012 games exactly six months before the opening ceremony.

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The apartments will cater for 16,000 athletes and officials from

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200 countries. Spain now has the highest

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unemployment rate in the developed world. The latest figures show that

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5.3 million people are without a job, nearly 23% of the workforce.

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That is more than twice the average unemployment rate in the eurozone.

:14:45.:14:55.
:14:55.:14:57.

They wait for work in a suburb in southern Madrid. These men moved to

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Spain and used to work here in the construction industry. Now, only

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the odd day's work is available. Many others are waiting outside

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Jobcentres. Two weeks ago we saw these people queuing outside

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because all the seats inside were taken. This man is a photographer,

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who lost his job just a few days previously. He told us things were

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getting worse, and he does not know when Spain will start creating more

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jobs. Nearly one in four of those looking for work in Spain do not

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have a job. For young people, that figure is nearly one in two. It is

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a massive problem for the relatively new government. Since

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then leader took power at the end of last year he has announced a

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significant public spending cuts to rein in the country's debt. He will

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soon announce Labour reforms, to make it easier to hire and fire.

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For the government here, unemployment is a double-edged

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sword. It gets less money through income tax and pays out more in

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benefits. It also means that people here in Spain have less money to

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spend, so growth is drying up, and Spain is all but technically in a

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recession. At the World economic Forum in Davos, awards are made in

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recognition of achievements from all walks of life, and the Crystal

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Award is given to artists who have used their art to improve the state

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of the world, as the prize says. One winner this year is the South

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Africans singer Yvonna Chaka Chaka, known by some as the Princess of

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Africa. She's the first African woman to get this prize. In her

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speech, she said that growing up in South Africa under apartheid had

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told her that giving people the dignity was vital to building

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fairer society is, which are critical to building a safe and

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secure world. She treated her audience to a song.

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:17:12.:17:13.

# This is the power of Africa. # Let all the people unite.

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# From north to self, just feel the power of Africa. Let's speak to

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Yvonna Chaka Chaka now. Rain, congratulations. It must have been

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difficult to perform in those circumstances. Yes. You said in

:17:38.:17:44.

your speech that a fairer society is what you're after, when you look

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at South Africa, it is really not doing very well on that score, is

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it, with the allegations of corruption and everything? Well,

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thank you very much for having me. I want to say, I'm lucky to be a

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South African, particularly a woman. I think we have got a great

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Minister of Health, a doctor by profession, who understands all the

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problems that people are having, and I think we need to give him the

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thumbs-up. Just looking at what's going on in the rest of the

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continent, you hear about young people saying, we want jobs, we

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want to have a share of the wealth, you see that in Nigeria, surely

:18:27.:18:37.

that is something you must be pushing for? You know, for me,

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being an ambassador, I have seen so many faces and places, it is 10

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years and we have seen change in that time. When I started as a

:18:47.:18:51.

goodwill ambassador for UNICEF, a child was dying from malaria every

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30 seconds. Now, we can proudly say it is every 45 seconds. But I want

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to see the time when we say every sat back, or maybe just one each

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day. It is important that people are given medication. Malaria is

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treatable and curable, and I still do not understand why people should

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be dying from it. Especially women and children, they're the most

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vulnerable. But I would like to think all those people, the British

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Government, the malaria Project, everybody supporting us, we need to

:19:25.:19:30.

be supported, we need funding, so that those people should not die.

:19:30.:19:33.

Now is not the time to put the brakes on. You're concerned about

:19:33.:19:38.

young people, as you say, do you feel the continent is failing its

:19:38.:19:44.

young people? For me, young people are our future, we need to engage

:19:44.:19:48.

them now, we need to give them skills and jobs, so they can be

:19:48.:19:53.

better citizens. If that is not done right now, we will be judged

:19:53.:19:57.

by the very same people. I want to say to present governments in

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Africa, we need you to invest in your people, above all, you need to

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educate them and give them the skills to become better citizens.

:20:09.:20:13.

It may be possible to detect autism at a much earlier age than had been

:20:14.:20:19.

thought, according to an international team of researchers.

:20:19.:20:22.

They identified differences in the brain waves of infants from as

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early as six months. Autism charities said identifying the

:20:27.:20:34.

disorder at an earlier stage could help. This is how you test the

:20:34.:20:39.

brain patterns of babies. This youngster is eight Mum sold and

:20:39.:20:43.

developing normally. These electrodes will painlessly pick up

:20:43.:20:47.

his responses. There was a big difference in his brain activity

:20:47.:20:51.

between the periods when the faces on the screen were looking straight

:20:51.:20:56.

towards him, compared to when they looked away. This suggests normal

:20:56.:21:02.

social interaction. 100 would -- 100 babies were tested in total,

:21:02.:21:06.

and with some of those who later developed autism, there was little

:21:06.:21:11.

difference in brain patterns. showing us something we did not

:21:11.:21:15.

know before, about these differences being identified at six

:21:15.:21:21.

months. Nobody wants to read too much into this small study. The

:21:21.:21:26.

test predicted autism correctly some of the time, but it also got

:21:26.:21:31.

it wrong several times as well. The prospect of diagnosing autism in

:21:32.:21:36.

its infancy is hugely attractive, because the earlier it is spotted

:21:36.:21:42.

and support begins, the better the outcome for children. But this

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research is really in the very early stages, and the test will

:21:45.:21:50.

need to be a lot more accurate before it can be used routinely.

:21:50.:21:55.

This nine-year-old seem to develop normally until about 18 months, but

:21:55.:22:00.

then his speech stopped. His mother says, as with any health condition,

:22:00.:22:05.

early diagnosis is vital. He went from a child who was very sociable,

:22:06.:22:11.

interactive, responding to his name, talking a few words, to none of the

:22:11.:22:15.

above. Perhaps if we had known at six months, which is what this

:22:15.:22:20.

study might suggest, we could have done something even earlier. A lot

:22:20.:22:24.

more babies are going to be studied in a wider trial at Birkbeck

:22:24.:22:34.
:22:34.:22:36.

College in London, a move which has been welcomed by autism charities.

:22:36.:22:40.

Now, the Kronos Quartet is one of the most renowned exponents of

:22:40.:22:44.

contemporary music in the world. They're beginning their residency

:22:44.:22:49.

in London. They will be performing a musical meditation on 9/11. They

:22:49.:22:54.

will also be performing a world premiere by the Ukrainian composer

:22:54.:22:58.

of Valentin silvestrov. We got exclusive access to the first

:22:58.:23:08.
:23:08.:23:18.

rehearsal. It is the first time the musicians have seen the music.

:23:18.:23:26.

Valentin Silvestrov And the Kronos Quartet are rehearsing a world

:23:26.:23:32.

premiere. The composer was surprisingly slow to accept the

:23:33.:23:42.
:23:43.:23:43.

offer. TRANSLATION: I never usually right

:23:43.:23:47.

when I am offered a commission. A long time ago, in the Soviet days,

:23:47.:23:51.

I was commissioned by the Ministry of Culture to write a piece

:23:51.:23:55.

glorifying a party congress. I told them I would love to, but I was

:23:55.:24:05.

busy composing a nocturne. This put me off writing commissions for ever.

:24:05.:24:15.
:24:15.:24:17.

But the long wait turned out to be worth the while, for Valentin

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Silvestrov. It is an astonishing experience to work with him. We do

:24:24.:24:30.

not have a common verbal language, so we have a translator, and we are

:24:30.:24:35.

asking questions and getting answers in various language, it is

:24:35.:24:44.

an incredible experience. The range of Kronos's repertoire is extremely

:24:44.:24:54.
:24:54.:24:56.

wide, here playing with the singer Alim Qasimov. From jazz and rock to

:24:56.:25:03.

the huge variety of ethnic music. For the quartet's leader, however,

:25:03.:25:07.

these contrasting elements are all parts of one single musical

:25:07.:25:14.

universe. I cannot wait to wake up every morning and explore. So, for

:25:14.:25:21.

me, being a musician allows me to explore the world. I think all of

:25:21.:25:29.

us in the Kronos Quartet feel that. A traditional Iranian lullaby, as

:25:29.:25:36.

well as music from Iraq, Uzbekistan and other countries, blend together

:25:36.:25:42.

in to A wakening, a meditation on the anniversary of 9/11, which

:25:43.:25:50.

culminates with a piece by the American composer Michael Gore.

:25:50.:25:59.

Given everything that's going on right now in the world, I think

:25:59.:26:04.

music can actually point directions for the way things might be able to

:26:04.:26:14.
:26:14.:26:26.

Before we go, a reminder of the main news. Activists in Syria say

:26:26.:26:30.

government forces have launched renewed assaults on several cities.

:26:30.:26:35.

More than 130 people are believed to have been killed in the last 48

:26:35.:26:39.

hours. The head of the Arab League observer mission says violence has

:26:39.:26:43.

risen sharply since Tuesday, when the mission's mandate was renewed

:26:43.:26:53.
:26:53.:27:03.

for another month. That is all from Tonight, icy roads and widespread

:27:03.:27:08.

frost, with temperatures down to minus 7 in Scotland. Tomorrow, it

:27:08.:27:14.

should be a cracking start to the weekend, if you like it bright.

:27:14.:27:17.

This high pressure will be coming in for the start of the weekend. It

:27:17.:27:23.

will be cold and frosty. Still some cloud in the south-east of England,

:27:23.:27:30.

with the odd chance of a shower. A aide change across northern England,

:27:30.:27:35.

compared to those wintry showers that we have had today. But there

:27:35.:27:40.

is still the chance of the odd shower across East Anglia and the

:27:40.:27:46.

south-east. Over the past few days we have had some gusty winds, but

:27:46.:27:55.

they will be much lighter at the start of the weekend. In Northern

:27:55.:27:59.

Ireland and the far north-west of Scotland, you will get cloud

:27:59.:28:09.
:28:09.:28:10.

increasing the further Lothians you are. Another cold one on Saturday

:28:10.:28:16.

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