27/01/2012 World News Today


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This is World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The UN Security


Council is about to discuss a draft resolution urging the Syria's


President Assad to step down. But in Syria itself, the authorities


launched a massive attack on opposition strongholds in what one


activist calls a terrifying massacre.


Keeping watch on Iran - the head of the UN's atomic agency tells us he


does not believe Teheran has revealed everything about its


nuclear programme. The problem is that we are not sure whether Iran


has declared everything, and therefore we cannot give assurance


that everything is for a peaceful purpose.


An escalating dispute over oil wealth. The leaders of Sudan and


South Sudan that failed to resolve their differences at mediation


talks in Ethiopia. Also coming up: At the highest unemployment rate in


the developed world - we report from Spain, where the new


government is grappling with the new jobless rate, which is twice


And a musical meditation on that September macro as the world


renowned grimness Quartet comes to Hello and welcome. Activist in


Syria say government forces have launched renewed assaults on


several cities. Witnesses say beef feared 4th division is leading the


attack in the City of Hama. These pictures, which we are unable to


verify, seem to show people demonstrating after Friday prayers


in the cities of Homs and another city. Activists say that shortly


after these pictures were taken, security forces opened fire. More


than 130 people are believed to have been killed across Syria in


the last 48 hours. The head of the Arab League observer mission says


violence and Syria has risen sharply since Tuesday. But what of


the opposition fighters who have taken up arms or defected from the


Syrian army? Our Middle East Editor reports now from the Damascus


suburb of where the Assad Government's grip appears to be


weakening. To find out the strength of the


opposition, drive into the suburbs of Damascus. We had no idea what we


would discover. We found the Free Syria Army, deserters from the


President's forces and local men, securing a poor district on the


edge of the city. They said they were protecting the people who were


about to hold a funeral. They looked well established here, with


sandbag firing positions. Everyone was on edge. For 10 months, the


regime's forces have been cracking down hard on Friday protests. This


commander said he had been a general in the Syrian government


forces. A man interrupted to praise the Free Syria Army. Then,


something nobody wanted to hear. Security are coming? Don't be


afraid, said the general, our resistance is strong. Some of them


got ready to fight. Stay with me, said the general, don't be afraid.


Sentries were sending in information by phone. They all


seemed to know what was happening. They went into their positions and


others moved to deeper into the suburb, where the funeral had


It had felt as if every man in the suburb was there.


A big send-off for a man who was killed by the security forces.


Across Syria, funerals are focus for opposition. They chanted, "oh,


God, you're all we have. We are your men". This is another section


of the suburbs of Damascus which has slipped out of the control of


President Assad. The only way he can enforce his authority is by


sending in his men and by using their guns and bullets. And for a


moment, that is what we thought was about to happen. It shows the


tension, even with the Free Syria Army close by. It was time for us


to go. He warned about snipers. Getting out was not easy. The Free


Syria Army controller a surprisingly big area, but it was


surrounded. All this does not mean that the president is about to fall.


He has his own strong support and lethal weapons, but the regime's


forces cannot be everywhere at once and the power of the opposition is


growing. Those dramatic scenes were from


Damascus. The head of the un's atomic agency


is urging Iran to engage constructively with a team of


inspectors heading to Tehran this weekend. A report by the


International Atomic Energy Agency in November has reinforced


suspicions that Iran is pursuing nuclear weapons, despite its


repeated denials. The IAEA chief, Yukiya Amano, said efforts to


verify whether Iran's nuclear activities Arfon on a military


purposes had been hampered by a lack of co-operation. Talks on


around's nuclear ambitions broke Darin Turkey one year ago. The


Iranian President, Mahmood Ahmadinejad, insists Tehran is not


budget negotiations and is ready for talks with world powers. But


several other countries are still waiting for Tehran took reply to a


letter sent by the European Union's foreign policy chief, Catherine


Ashton, in October, calling for any discussions. The EU imposed its


harsher sanctions yet on Iran this week, including an oil embargo and


freezing of its central bank assets. Britain, France and the US also


recently sailed warships through the Strait of Hall news, a key


supply route which Iran has repeatedly threatened to close. And


today, the Israeli Defence Minister called for even tougher sanctions


to stop the run from reaching the point where a military strike could


not prevent it from having nuclear weapons.


I have been talking to the head of the IAEA, Yukiya Amano, at the


World Economic Forum en Davos. Does he believe the later sanctions by


the EU will have the desired effect of making Iran return to the


negotiating table? -- latest sanctions. In my view, engaging


with the IAEA will clarify the outstanding issue and it should be


in the interests of Iran itself. And do you believe that Iran has


declared everything in respect of its nuclear programme? You had


these inspectors going to Tehran to start their work. -- you have.


is a problem. Iran has declared a good number of facilities and they


are under the IAEA Safe Guard, and we can verify that they stay in


peaceful purposes. The problem is that we are not sure whether Iran


has declared everything and therefore we cannot give assurances


that everything is for a peaceful purpose. Do you personally believe,


Yukiya Amano, that Iran is trying to develop a nuclear bomb? We have


chosen our words very carefully. We do not say that Iran has nuclear


weapons. We do not say that Iran has made a decision to develop


nuclear weapons. What we said to is that we have the information that


indicates that Iran engaged in activities relevant to the


development of nuclear explosive devices, and the information is


credible. Therefore, we would like to clarify these issues. The EU has


imposed its toughest sanctions yet. Do you believe that the United


Nations is going to also route follows suit and ask for a total


oil embargoes and a frieze of all central bank assets? Do you think


Japan will follow suit? Is that what you are pushing for? As we are


not working in the sanction of fields, we are working in the area


of a verification. It is difficult. In my view, the IAEA has a role to


play and countries have a role to play, the UN has a role to play and


everyone needs to work in it their own fields and with a combination


of efforts, we hope that we can make progress. Israel is one


country that is very worried about Iran's nuclear ambitions. The


Defence Minister, Ehud Barak, has said he is content to see the world


in the driving seat in terms of getting a diplomatic resolution but


he said he would never turn down the option of using force against


Iran unilaterally. A my response to that is that we have to solve this


issue through dialogue. By dialogue, I mean that Iran has to tell us


everything. I have identified the areas where Iran needs to engage


with us. Iran has a case to answer. What do you say to the Israelis?


You have met Ehud Barak in Davos, who says that balls is not going to


be taken off the table. Barack Obama also said similar things.


What do you say? I am doing everything possible in my power to


solve this issue of in a peaceful manner. I believe that Israel


appreciates that the IAEA is to starting its responsibility. By the


way, I believe that all the countries support activities to


verify the nuclear activities of Iran. The head of the UN's atomic


agency, the IAEA, talking to me from Davos.


Coil is a commodity that is often seen as a curse and a blessing. It


is hard to know which way it will go at the moment for South Sudan.


When the country became independent six months ago, and neighbouring


Sudan lost most of its oil wealth because the most of the fields were


in the South. The dispute is escalating over the revenues are


linked to the oil pipelines that run through Sudan. The presidents


of the two countries failed to reach agreement during mediation


talks in Addis Ababa today. This stand-off is already being


called the oil war. Last week, South Sudan announced it was


stopping its oil production after accusing Sudan of stealing its oil.


Saddam had started confiscating South Sudan's most precious


resource when both sides were unable to agree how much the new


country should pay in transit fees. -- Sudan or had it started. Issues


like the borders, citizenship and others were unresolved. About


three-quarters of the oil fields in South Sudan are under dispute. But


as a landlocked country, South Sudan relies on Saddam for the


pipelines. The dispute about the transit fees continued attention


group. Hearing Khartoum, they know that Sudan's economy needs that


money. -- here in at Khartoum. Euphoria of Independence Day


celebrations didn't last long. South Saddam's decision to shut all


production down as Gail -- gained support throughout the country but


there are tough economic times ahead. During the long years of war,


south Sudanese people managed without oil revenues and they could


tear it again. That is the gist of President Salva Kiir's message.


Others fear that if there is no agreement over or oil, Sudan and


South Sudan could drift into another conflict.


Let's take a look at some of the other news. The President of France,


Nicolas Sarkozy, has announced French combat troops will leave


Afghanistan at the end of 2013. He also said French soldiers in


Afghanistan will resume their training mission from Saturday.


Last week, four French troops in Officials in Iraq say at least 32


people have died after a blast near Bureau procession in a mainly Shia


area of Baghdad. They say be blast was caused by a suicide bomber


driving a car laden with explosives. -- near a funeral procession.


The Olympic Village in London has been handed over by the organisers


of the 2012 games exactly six months before the opening ceremony.


The apartments will cater for 16,000 athletes and officials from


200 countries. Spain now has the highest


unemployment rate in the developed world. The latest figures show that


5.3 million people are without a job, nearly 23% of the workforce.


That is more than twice the average unemployment rate in the eurozone.


They wait for work in a suburb in southern Madrid. These men moved to


Spain and used to work here in the construction industry. Now, only


the odd day's work is available. Many others are waiting outside


Jobcentres. Two weeks ago we saw these people queuing outside


because all the seats inside were taken. This man is a photographer,


who lost his job just a few days previously. He told us things were


getting worse, and he does not know when Spain will start creating more


jobs. Nearly one in four of those looking for work in Spain do not


have a job. For young people, that figure is nearly one in two. It is


a massive problem for the relatively new government. Since


then leader took power at the end of last year he has announced a


significant public spending cuts to rein in the country's debt. He will


soon announce Labour reforms, to make it easier to hire and fire.


For the government here, unemployment is a double-edged


sword. It gets less money through income tax and pays out more in


benefits. It also means that people here in Spain have less money to


spend, so growth is drying up, and Spain is all but technically in a


recession. At the World economic Forum in Davos, awards are made in


recognition of achievements from all walks of life, and the Crystal


Award is given to artists who have used their art to improve the state


of the world, as the prize says. One winner this year is the South


Africans singer Yvonna Chaka Chaka, known by some as the Princess of


Africa. She's the first African woman to get this prize. In her


speech, she said that growing up in South Africa under apartheid had


told her that giving people the dignity was vital to building


fairer society is, which are critical to building a safe and


secure world. She treated her audience to a song.


# This is the power of Africa. # Let all the people unite.


# From north to self, just feel the power of Africa. Let's speak to


Yvonna Chaka Chaka now. Rain, congratulations. It must have been


difficult to perform in those circumstances. Yes. You said in


your speech that a fairer society is what you're after, when you look


at South Africa, it is really not doing very well on that score, is


it, with the allegations of corruption and everything? Well,


thank you very much for having me. I want to say, I'm lucky to be a


South African, particularly a woman. I think we have got a great


Minister of Health, a doctor by profession, who understands all the


problems that people are having, and I think we need to give him the


thumbs-up. Just looking at what's going on in the rest of the


continent, you hear about young people saying, we want jobs, we


want to have a share of the wealth, you see that in Nigeria, surely


that is something you must be pushing for? You know, for me,


being an ambassador, I have seen so many faces and places, it is 10


years and we have seen change in that time. When I started as a


goodwill ambassador for UNICEF, a child was dying from malaria every


30 seconds. Now, we can proudly say it is every 45 seconds. But I want


to see the time when we say every sat back, or maybe just one each


day. It is important that people are given medication. Malaria is


treatable and curable, and I still do not understand why people should


be dying from it. Especially women and children, they're the most


vulnerable. But I would like to think all those people, the British


Government, the malaria Project, everybody supporting us, we need to


be supported, we need funding, so that those people should not die.


Now is not the time to put the brakes on. You're concerned about


young people, as you say, do you feel the continent is failing its


young people? For me, young people are our future, we need to engage


them now, we need to give them skills and jobs, so they can be


better citizens. If that is not done right now, we will be judged


by the very same people. I want to say to present governments in


Africa, we need you to invest in your people, above all, you need to


educate them and give them the skills to become better citizens.


It may be possible to detect autism at a much earlier age than had been


thought, according to an international team of researchers.


They identified differences in the brain waves of infants from as


early as six months. Autism charities said identifying the


disorder at an earlier stage could help. This is how you test the


brain patterns of babies. This youngster is eight Mum sold and


developing normally. These electrodes will painlessly pick up


his responses. There was a big difference in his brain activity


between the periods when the faces on the screen were looking straight


towards him, compared to when they looked away. This suggests normal


social interaction. 100 would -- 100 babies were tested in total,


and with some of those who later developed autism, there was little


difference in brain patterns. showing us something we did not


know before, about these differences being identified at six


months. Nobody wants to read too much into this small study. The


test predicted autism correctly some of the time, but it also got


it wrong several times as well. The prospect of diagnosing autism in


its infancy is hugely attractive, because the earlier it is spotted


and support begins, the better the outcome for children. But this


research is really in the very early stages, and the test will


need to be a lot more accurate before it can be used routinely.


This nine-year-old seem to develop normally until about 18 months, but


then his speech stopped. His mother says, as with any health condition,


early diagnosis is vital. He went from a child who was very sociable,


interactive, responding to his name, talking a few words, to none of the


above. Perhaps if we had known at six months, which is what this


study might suggest, we could have done something even earlier. A lot


more babies are going to be studied in a wider trial at Birkbeck


College in London, a move which has been welcomed by autism charities.


Now, the Kronos Quartet is one of the most renowned exponents of


contemporary music in the world. They're beginning their residency


in London. They will be performing a musical meditation on 9/11. They


will also be performing a world premiere by the Ukrainian composer


of Valentin silvestrov. We got exclusive access to the first


rehearsal. It is the first time the musicians have seen the music.


Valentin Silvestrov And the Kronos Quartet are rehearsing a world


premiere. The composer was surprisingly slow to accept the


offer. TRANSLATION: I never usually right


when I am offered a commission. A long time ago, in the Soviet days,


I was commissioned by the Ministry of Culture to write a piece


glorifying a party congress. I told them I would love to, but I was


busy composing a nocturne. This put me off writing commissions for ever.


But the long wait turned out to be worth the while, for Valentin


Silvestrov. It is an astonishing experience to work with him. We do


not have a common verbal language, so we have a translator, and we are


asking questions and getting answers in various language, it is


an incredible experience. The range of Kronos's repertoire is extremely


wide, here playing with the singer Alim Qasimov. From jazz and rock to


the huge variety of ethnic music. For the quartet's leader, however,


these contrasting elements are all parts of one single musical


universe. I cannot wait to wake up every morning and explore. So, for


me, being a musician allows me to explore the world. I think all of


us in the Kronos Quartet feel that. A traditional Iranian lullaby, as


well as music from Iraq, Uzbekistan and other countries, blend together


in to A wakening, a meditation on the anniversary of 9/11, which


culminates with a piece by the American composer Michael Gore.


Given everything that's going on right now in the world, I think


music can actually point directions for the way things might be able to


Before we go, a reminder of the main news. Activists in Syria say


government forces have launched renewed assaults on several cities.


More than 130 people are believed to have been killed in the last 48


hours. The head of the Arab League observer mission says violence has


risen sharply since Tuesday, when the mission's mandate was renewed


for another month. That is all from Tonight, icy roads and widespread


frost, with temperatures down to minus 7 in Scotland. Tomorrow, it


should be a cracking start to the weekend, if you like it bright.


This high pressure will be coming in for the start of the weekend. It


will be cold and frosty. Still some cloud in the south-east of England,


with the odd chance of a shower. A aide change across northern England,


compared to those wintry showers that we have had today. But there


is still the chance of the odd shower across East Anglia and the


south-east. Over the past few days we have had some gusty winds, but


they will be much lighter at the start of the weekend. In Northern


Ireland and the far north-west of Scotland, you will get cloud


increasing the further Lothians you are. Another cold one on Saturday


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