02/02/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.


Egyptian security forces stand accused of allowing the country's


worst ever football riots. As a nation mourns at least 74 victims


of the violence, the Government responds with sackings and an


investigation, but many feel the truth is obvious. There wasn't


enough security in the stadium. And those who were there were standing


there in a symbolic way. They did not carry out their duties.


The big freeze in Europe claims more lives. 1,100 Serbian villagers


are now cut off by heavy snow. Are some of us hardwired to be


addicts? New research links addiction to brain abnormalities.


Also in the programme: On the election trail in Russia. We meet


the pro-Putin factory workers in Russia's industrial heartland. But


how much support does the Prime Minister really have?


And cartoon royalty - the unofficial portraits of "Her Maj"


the Queen to celebrate her Diamond Hello and welcome.


The anger on the streets of Cairo and Port Said in Egypt was palpable


today, just hours after the worst football riots in the country's


history. The question on the streets and in Parliament: how a


match between two teams well known for their supporters' bitter


rivalry could have descended into a mass riot that left at least 74


dead. The Government has declared three days of mourning, sacked a


wave of officials and launched an investigation. But in a febrile


atmosphere of suspicion, many Egyptians have been wondering if


darker forces were at play. Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports. On the


streets of Cairo this afternoon they already have their own


theories. These football fans are convinced the attack was planned


and organised by Egypt's security forces. It was a crime done from


the old regime. They stole money from the people for 30 years and


now they are spending the money to make gangsters and corruption in


Egypt, because they don't want the revolution to succeed. There is so


far no evidence to support that claim. These were the extraordinary


scenes at Cairo railway station early this morning as the train


carrying survivors and the dead from Port Said pulled in. Thousand


thousands of supporters crammed the balconies and platforms. Justice or


death, they chant. This man immediately blames the head of


Egypt's military junta for the death. Tantawi opened the doors so


the thugs could attack our friends, he says. As dawn breaks another


train pulls in. Anxious parents wait desperately for news. My son


has not answered his phone since yesterday, this mother weeps.


Please, I beg you, help me find my son. This is how it all happened,


on live television. As the game ends, fans from the victorious Port


Said team flood the pitch. The Cairo team flee for their lives.


But many of the Cairo fans were not so lucky. As they try to flee, they


are overrun, beaten, bludgeoned and stabbed. Today the blood-smeared


seats tell of the brutality of the attacks. The piles of shoes show


where bodies were crushed against locked gates. If head of Egypt's


military junta met with shaken players from the Cairo team. He


promised the culprits will be found and punished. TRANSLATION: With the


results of this investigation, each one will take his punishment, and


we will know why and who caused this tragedy.


But with so many young people dead, nothing will stop some here from


believing that the old men who ruled Egypt for so long are somehow


responsible. There've been demonstrations and


some violence in Tahrir Square today. These are the pictures


coming in live from this place. That's the centre of the uprising,


the 18-day uprising against Hosni Mubarak this time last year. And


indeed some of the supporters of the Al-Ahly team were part of those


demonstrations last year. We can now speak to Adham el-


Kamouny, sports presenter for Egyptian television, who was


watching the match on TV last night as the tragic events unfolded. He


joins us via Skype. What were your thoughts as you watched this riot


break out last night? Well, I just wanted to tell you something that I


thought there was going to be a disaster from the start. When the


spectators started to arrive, as soon as they arrived into Port Said


they were welcomed by through stones and stuff like that from


other Port Said spectators. Even when the Al-Ahly players were


warming up, also the Port Said Ultras started through rockets and


fireworks at the players and the Al-Ahly wanted to cancel the game,


but it was not possible, since you are on Port Saidy soil. It needs a


referee who has lots of guts to do that kind of call. If he cancels


the game on a Port Saidy level he will probably be going home in a


coffin. It has always been very tense between the two rivals. One


week before the game there was like a war on the internet between Al-


Ahly spectators and Port Saidy spectators. We are waiting for you,


we are going to kill you in you come, if you come you had better


bring your own coffin with you - stuff like that. All of that was


known to the police and to the Government officials. Sorry to


interrupt, but is security normally tighter at games like these between


such bitter rivals? Yes, it's very tight. And believe me, through my


work, I work as a TV presenter and I go to the stadium as lot, and I


know when the policing is very tight and when it is loose. In that


kind of game, you cannot have a loose security force in that


special game between Al-Ahly and Port Said. And Al-Ahly versus Al-


Masry in Port Said. You can't let loose the game. If you let loose


disaster will happen like that, because before, I think in this mid


'90s or the early '90s there was another disaster in Port Said


between Zamalek, which is the Al- Ahly rivals, and in Port Said with


Al-Masry. Several people died, including some soldiers from the


police force. OK, thank you for joining us.


Record low temperatures and heavy snowfall is causing problems across


Europe. In Serbia whole villages have been cut off, with emergency


services struggling to reach around 11,000 people. Nick Thorpe reports.


Another rescue mission for the people of Bosnia. This time not


from the war but from the weather. Bosnia has 65 mountains higher than


1,500 metres, and villages like this one in the east of the country


have been especially hard hit by the snow. TRANSLATION:


temperatures are killing us. We are really grateful for this help, but


the snow has blocked us here until spring. Few helicopters are


available, so most villages we can only be reached or not reached at


all by road. TRANSLATION: A state of emergency has been declared in


several areas but it is still very complicated, because of the heavy


snow we have not been able to reach all the houses. In neighbouring


Serbia, the emergency services say as many as 11,000 people are cut


off in a string of villages in the mountainous south-west of the


country. The villagers are used to hard winters and usually have


plentiful supplies of firewood and food, but these conditions have now


lasted nearly a month. Most of the population are elderly and many


need medicines. The cold has also surprised countries more used to


the greens and blues of the Mediterranean than the whites of


Siberia. In southern Europe, the wintry conditions have caused chaos


on the roads and delight in the classrooms. More snow is forecast


for the coming days, making this one of the coldest winters in many


countries in living memory. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. The Indian Supreme Court has


ordered the Government to cancel some mobile phone licences it


granted to telecoms companies four years ago. India's public auditor


claims mis-selling of the licences cost the treasury tens of billions


of dollars. It's the latest twist in one of India's biggest


corruption scandals. Rescuers in Papua New Guinea are


still searching for survivors after a ferry sank with up to 350


passengers on board. So far more than 200 people have been pulled


alive from the sea by helicopters and Australian aircraft. Scientists


have found a giant prawn-like creature lurking 7 kilometres down


in the waters off the coast of New Zealand. The creature is a type of


amphipod. The biggest of these spotted was an impressive 34


centimetres. It makes quite a size. This Saturday tens of thousands of


people are expected to march through Moscow to demand honest


elections, the protest another sign of the feeling for Vladimir Putin.


Steve Rosenberg has been to the Ural mountains to find out what


people there think of him. In this town every day looks like


Armageddon. This is a town which never stops burning. Churning out


iron and steel round the clock. The snow here is black from pollution.


But people's lives depend on the factories, and it is instability


which they fear most. Yevgeny Kazlov set up a workers committee


the black Vladimir Putin for President. The protests in Moscow


don't reflect the mood of Russia, he says. Working people don't want


revolution, we want stability. That's why we support Putin. At the


tank factory up the road, they pledged their loyalty to Mr Putin


live on TV. This worker offered to come to Moscow with his mates to


take on the anti-Government protesters. Yevgeny and the


metalworkers aren't marching on Moscow. But today they are taking


the train to the regional capital, Ekaterinburg. There they join


thousands of other workers from across the Urals at a pro-Putin


rally. There are no white ribbons, the trademark of Mr Putin's


criticsment the symbol here is the worker's glove. This rally is a


direct response to the young and middle class Russians in Moscow


who've been protesting against the Government. And it is an attempt to


show that away from the capital Russia's working class still has


faith in Vladimir Putin. But the crowd here was smaller than


organisers had promised. And some of what we saw seemed stage managed.


This photographer was trying to get as many people as possible to pose


with the same vote for Putin sign. One worker I spoke to, who asked to


remain anonymous, said his work mates only travelled to the rally


because they were offered extra days off work and free train


tickets. So just how popular really is Vladimir Putin in Russia's


industrial heartland? He will win votes here, but more perhaps out of


a fear of change than any real belief that a President Putin can


make life better. Scientists in Cambridge say they've


found important evidence suggesting how drug addiction can run in


families. A study compared drug addicts with their non-addicted


siblings and found both have similar abnormalities in their


brains. This suggests you can inherit conditions that make


addiction more likely, an how people who are physically


susceptible manage to avoid it. It is one of the great scourges of


the modern world, addiction to drugs. But what determines who gets


hooked? New research offers an answer. The study focused on


addicts and their siblings, like Sophia and her sister Teresa,


brought up together in the same troubled family, they described how


one stayed clean and the other didn't. I was about 19 and the


people I was hanging around with, the influences. But it wasn't, I


didn't get into the crack into I was 30. I'm not Holyer than thou


but I just already knew early on in my life that there was certain


The study involves scanning 50 addicts and their siblings. The aim


is to see if there are biological clues to the addiction in the brain.


The results are surprising. What is revealed by this research is


potentially very useful. The siblings of addicts and the addicts


themselves share a similar pattern of abnormalities in their brain.


Physical evidence that you can inherit conditions that put you at


risk. The scans show how this works. Below indicates show area of south


-- areas of self-control. These brothers and sisters who don't have


addiction problems, they can tell us, how did they manage to overcome


these problems? What do they do in their daily lives to manage their


self-control? The Sisters were tested for self-control. The share


abnormalities in their brains but have turned out very differently.


The long-term goal is to make use of that knowledge, but that will


not be easy. It is unlikely to prevent all addiction but it is one


step along the way of identifying people who address key. -- people


who are vulnerable. Immediate benefits are not likely, but having


a clear idea of his most bomb rubble could help steer them away


from a life of addiction. -- of whose most vulnerable.


Some fascinating research. Led speak to Professor David Nutt and


Dr Robert Lefever. -- let speak too. Does this ring true? Are we hard-


wired, some of us, into addiction? The if the causes. The first is


genetic. This runs in some families and not others. Even within the


family, you get children with no potential and others who have


considerable potential for addiction. Emotional trauma is one


reason which stimulates children to go on. The third is exposure. Some


people are exposed and their families to alcohol and the would


channel in that direction. Others will go to drugs. In your


experience, it can be triggered by their regular smoking of very heavy


Murro won a. The society in which one lives, the family, the other


children are immensely influential but I do not think you can make an


addict. I think you're born with that tendency. I think people can


have traumas of all sorts of crimes are not going to have any addiction.


In terms of the shape of their brain, the abnormality of the brain,


what does this say? This research tells us that both groups have a


problem in controlling impulsive behaviour. That is shown in the


behavioural task, how well they can stop doing things they shouldn't do,


but it also translates that, when you do brain imaging, you can see


the relationship between the coupling of the front of the brain


and the drive centres below is somehow disrupted. That path we


does not work properly. That is why they become impulsive. And siblings,


why does one develop an addiction and the other doesn't? There are a


number of reasons. But chemically? We do not know. This research does


not help us there, but what it tells us, is that the process that


leads to addiction are a mix of chemical and structural. We can


probably target the chemical abnormalities with drugs. To answer


your question, a lot of it is exposure. Drama can change the


brain, exposure to drugs - if you do not take a drug, you cannot get


addicted. We presume from studies that that all my ability translates


right across the board. -- that vulnerability. How useful all this


before you? It is useful. We have found that, there are three


clusters. Alcohol, prescription drugs, gambling, sex and love


addiction, and risk-taking. That is probably governed by one genetic,


hedonistic urge. Let's go for it! But then there is one that is


associated with work and exercise, and the third one is a relationship.


Using yourself as a drug for other people are using other people as a


drug for yourself. Some people had all three of those tendencies.


Others had won, only others had to. -- others had only two. This is


where the research needs to go. We need to say, be careful with this,


otherwise there will be trouble coming your way. Surgically, can


anything be done? Be to do that in Russia. The do surgery in the rain


-- in the brain. Like a lobotomy? That is what they do. What are the


result? They say it is great. The trials are not conducted in a


fashion we would consider properly scientific. No way! Completely no


way! Fascinating. A veteran treasure hunter says he


has found the wreck of his life, billions of dollars worth of


platinum on a Sunday Second World War British boat. Greg Brooks says


he discovered the bounty on the Port Nicholson, which was sung by a


German U-boat. The salvage team are convinced there are 30 crates of


platinum ended on board. -- platinum ingots. Have you seen this


platinum, Greg Brooks? I have seen it. We do not know hundred %


whether it is platinum. There is 4,600 of those ingots supposedly


aboard the ship. You have been shed Red Hunter for 20 years or so, is


this the biggest one you have found? -- you have been a wreck


Hunter. It is better than anyone has a margin. It is unthinkable


that there is that amount of wealth under the sea. It could have even


more on it. Has it been a race? Are there other people like you tracing


this wreck? Not this one, because I have a federal Admiralty claim on


it. We are custodians of it. No one can touch this red. There are other


companies out there looking for similar wrecks that they have


information on and it is on the same basis. It is nowhere near as


Valuable. In terms of the legal entitlement, if you managed to


bring it up, is it all years? De suddenly become a billionaire or


are you one already? No, I have a hard time rubbing two coins


together! You might have a lot of platinum to rub together! I am


hoping so. It has to going front of the federal judge and he will look


at all the facts of this. Beaux- Arts, we did all the research, we


know that their platinum was shipped by the USSR TDs. We know


that the ship did not make it here. -- by the USSR to the USA. The USSR


does not exist any more, it broke up, so nobody has a claim other


than as at this moment. difficult would be? It is what, 700


metres down? No, 700 feet. So how difficult would be to bring it up?


It will be difficult. Our season starts in late May to mid-September.


We have been out there trying to get this stuff up since then. It is


extremely difficult with storms, currants, breakdowns, all that type


of thing. It is extremely difficult. And the co-ordinates? That is a


good one. Thank you very much. Queen Elizabeth celebrates her


Diamond Jubilee this year. There will be events around the country


to mark her 60th year. Called Her Maj, it is an irreverent series of


unofficial portraits of the monarch. Queen Elizabeth II, arriving at


Westminster Abbey for her coronation. Dignified, composed,


monarch of the United Kingdom and head of the Commonwealth. Over the


years, there have been many official portraits of Her Majesty.


She seems quite pleased with this one. I wonder what she thinks of


imagine her, a friendly but feisty barmaid. Here she is rummaging


through a skip. You never know, she might find something nice for the


She is the face of Britain but we do not know what she believes, her


opinions about things. There is still something of a mystery and


magic of the monarchy about her. Until the 1950s, the British


monarch very rarely appeared in cartoons, it was almost a royal


taboo. One decade later, all that changed. It was the Swinging 60s, a


time of freedom and artistic openness. Britain's cartoonists


were eager to make the most of it. They now had card launch -- they


now had free rein to imagine the Queen as one of us, at home with


her hands and family. represents us, she's England, or


Great Britain or the United Kingdom. She did not volunteer for this job,


it was foisted on her. I do not feel the same kind of critical


faculty at work when I think about her. The cartoons about this


exhibition -- at this exhibition described the key historic moments


during her reign. This was the state visit to Ireland last year.


It shows the Queen and her husband treating their coasts -- their


hosts to a bit of Irish dancing. Obviously, that did not really


happen! Some of the cartoons here are affectionate, others cheeky,


and others downright unflattering. What makes them appealing is the


idea that the Queen may not be so difficult -- different from the


I am sure she loves them. That is There is the prospect of some snow


this weekend. Where embarking on another very cold night. -- we are


embarking. We still have some high pressure across us. There will be


some snow at the weekend. On Friday, it will be a cold, frosty start.


Some showers across eastern England. There is plenty of sunshine across


northern England. Along the east coast, there will be some cloud


around. Possibly some lingering snow. It will be mainly dry until


we get to the evening. Temperatures around freezing. Across other areas,


lighter winds. A change for Northern Ireland. There will be


more cloud. There could be some light rain or sleet. That cloud


will increase into the West of Scotland and the Western Isles.


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