03/02/2012 World News Today


03/02/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Dozens dying in

:00:13.:00:18.

homes and on the streets of Europe. As the severe cold weather claims

:00:18.:00:22.

more lives today, we ask why the authorities seem an able to stop

:00:22.:00:28.

the deaths. Tensions high in Egypt as the

:00:28.:00:33.

football stadium deaths give fresh impetus to political protests.

:00:33.:00:38.

Have we vastly underestimated the number of malaria deaths worldwide?

:00:38.:00:42.

A new study claims the disease is killing twice as many people as we

:00:42.:00:46.

think. Also coming up: Footballer John

:00:46.:00:51.

Terry is stripped of the England captaincy. He will not lead the

:00:51.:00:55.

squad until his trial over racial abuse allegations is over. He

:00:55.:00:59.

denies the charges. And the critics of Russia's

:00:59.:01:03.

Vladimir Putin who claimed the country's voting system is loaded

:01:03.:01:13.
:01:13.:01:18.

Hello and welcome. Many countries in Europe remain covered in snow

:01:18.:01:22.

and ice and the number of people dying from hyperthermia is

:01:22.:01:27.

continuing to rise. The intense cold has caused around 100 deaths

:01:27.:01:32.

in Ukraine in the last week and at least 37 people have died in Poland.

:01:32.:01:37.

Most of the dead are homeless or poor people living in rural

:01:37.:01:41.

villages. Steve Rosenberg in Moscow it takes a look at the big freeze

:01:41.:01:47.

gripping Europe. Southern Russia is looking more

:01:47.:01:53.

like the North Pole. Heavy snowfall has blocked the main roads. Dozens

:01:53.:01:58.

of cars and lorries are stranded. This ambulance driver says he

:01:58.:02:03.

urgently needs to get his patient to intensive care, but they are

:02:03.:02:09.

stuck in snow with no idea when they will reach a hospital. There

:02:09.:02:14.

are travel problems in the Russian Far East where temperatures in

:02:14.:02:20.

places have fallen to minus 50. The big freeze has caused big problems

:02:20.:02:27.

for anyone needing a fairy. The Pacific has frozen over. The ice is

:02:27.:02:37.

more than a metre thick. You have to find another way across if you

:02:37.:02:43.

are brave enough. The colt is more than just an inconvenience. It is

:02:43.:02:49.

claiming lives. Officials say that last month's 64 Russians died from

:02:49.:02:53.

the cold weather. Emergency teams will now be patrolling the streets

:02:53.:02:58.

to make sure the homeless are not in danger. But the situation seems

:02:58.:03:04.

even more desperate across Eastern Europe. In Ukraine more than 100

:03:04.:03:09.

people have died in the past week as a result of the freezing weather.

:03:09.:03:14.

Most of the victims had been living on the streets. Hundreds more have

:03:14.:03:18.

been hospitalised suffering from hypothermia and frostbite.

:03:18.:03:23.

Emergency crews have set up special heating and food shelters. More

:03:23.:03:30.

than 30 people have died in Poland. One of the coldest places was this

:03:30.:03:36.

city. Across Eastern Europe the cold is causing power shortages. It

:03:36.:03:41.

is forcing schools to close, sparking transport chaos and

:03:41.:03:49.

endangering lives. Let's talk a bit more about this

:03:49.:03:54.

and Freik Spinnewijn is a director of the European Federation of

:03:54.:03:57.

National Organisations working with the homeless, an organisation known

:03:57.:04:03.

as Feantsa. Do you think, I know it is difficult you cannot get

:04:03.:04:08.

evidence, there will be more deaths from hypothermia because there are

:04:08.:04:14.

more people homeless as a result of the financial crisis? There is

:04:14.:04:19.

definitely more people that are homeless because of the crisis. If

:04:19.:04:23.

there are more people dying, it is difficult to see, it not only

:04:23.:04:29.

depends on the weather, but it is important because we have seen an

:04:29.:04:35.

increase in the number of homeless people. How can you tell that? Are

:04:35.:04:40.

there people presenting themselves are to hostels? Each country is

:04:40.:04:44.

starting to collect data and there is an increase, but we also know

:04:44.:04:50.

from our members that there is quite an important increase in

:04:50.:04:55.

demand for services like Shelter and accommodation and we see that

:04:55.:05:00.

especially in countries that have been hit by the crisis such as

:05:00.:05:05.

Greece and Spain. What happens with homeless people in severe cold

:05:05.:05:09.

weather conditions? Surely they do not try to sleep on the streets

:05:09.:05:14.

because they know that could kill them. Exactly, it's basically comes

:05:14.:05:20.

down to a shortage in emergency accommodation, a simple shortage of

:05:20.:05:25.

beds where people can find shelter from the cold. It is a question of

:05:25.:05:30.

political will. I do not think it could be that difficult to make

:05:30.:05:35.

sure there is sufficient bed space available for these people. Are you

:05:35.:05:39.

calling on governments across Europe to try to do more? It is not

:05:39.:05:44.

the cold weather killing them. Sweden is a very cold country, but

:05:44.:05:48.

people do not died on the streets. It is interesting to see that in

:05:48.:05:53.

countries where it tends to be cold they do not see so many homeless

:05:53.:05:59.

people dying from the cold. It is possible to address it. It is not

:05:59.:06:02.

just Feantsa calling for countries to do enough to make sure people do

:06:02.:06:08.

not die, but it is also the European Parliament that has on

:06:08.:06:12.

repeated occasions asked for things to be done to make sure people do

:06:12.:06:21.

not died due to lack of accommodation. Anger is boiling

:06:21.:06:25.

over again in the Egyptian capital Cairo over the deaths of the 74

:06:25.:06:30.

people in football violence on Wednesday. These are live pictures

:06:30.:06:34.

from Tahrir Square where thousands have been gathering all day. Just

:06:35.:06:39.

off the square there have been running battles between police and

:06:39.:06:44.

protesters and our reporter in Cairo says one protester, maybe two,

:06:44.:06:50.

have died from tear gas inhalation and two others died earlier in Suez.

:06:50.:06:54.

Activists have declared today a day of anger and many are blaming the

:06:54.:07:01.

security forces for the deaths in the Football station in Port Said.

:07:01.:07:05.

They believe the fans from Cairo were deliberately targeted because

:07:05.:07:09.

of their prominent role in the revolution. Let's get more from

:07:09.:07:14.

Yolande Knell. Other protesters still out there? They are still out

:07:14.:07:19.

there in large numbers in Tahrir Square itself where people are

:07:19.:07:23.

seemingly planning to camp out for the night. They have re-established

:07:23.:07:27.

the campsite in the middle of the roundabout. Things are relatively

:07:27.:07:33.

calm, but if you go onto the side streets approaching the Interior

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Ministry and that is where we are continuing to see these

:07:36.:07:42.

confrontations between angry, young fans, mostly young men, hurling

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rocks at the please and the police responding by using large

:07:46.:07:51.

quantities of tear gas. That is what we could see through the day

:07:51.:07:55.

and field hospitals around Tahrir Square say they have seen it many

:07:55.:07:59.

injuries from the use of the tear gas. Perhaps one person has been

:07:59.:08:03.

killed we understand. The death toll from today stands at two

:08:03.:08:08.

people killed from the latest clashes and two people killed in

:08:08.:08:12.

Suez overnight who were shot. Hundreds have been injured, the

:08:12.:08:18.

official figure from two days of violence in different places around

:08:18.:08:23.

the country and its stands at around 2300 according to the health

:08:23.:08:27.

ministry. The biggest single incident of violence since the

:08:27.:08:33.

revolution. What is the focus of those people in Tahrir Square? Who

:08:33.:08:40.

is the focus of their anger? Directly their anger is focus at

:08:40.:08:43.

the police who they believed were negligent, who stood by and were

:08:43.:08:47.

deliberately negligent on Wednesday night in that violence at the Port

:08:47.:08:51.

Said football stadium. Certainly from the television pictures from

:08:51.:08:56.

that night you could see there was a relatively small deployment of

:08:56.:09:02.

police officers and they stood by while hundreds of thousands of al-

:09:02.:09:07.

Masry home fans stormed the pitch and targeted the al-Ahly fans and

:09:07.:09:12.

Pune players. People are also very angry at the ruling military and

:09:12.:09:16.

they are continuing to demand a faster transfer to fall, civilian

:09:16.:09:21.

rule. Up to now the military has been keeping to a timetable and it

:09:21.:09:25.

will hand over full power to a civilian led Government by the

:09:25.:09:27.

middle of the Year after presidential elections have taken

:09:27.:09:34.

place. People want that timetable speeded up. There have been many

:09:34.:09:39.

protests about continuing military rule, but now we also have a new

:09:39.:09:43.

parliament partly elected, and these new parliamentarians, mostly

:09:43.:09:48.

Islamists, have had been using the latest events to put more pressure

:09:48.:09:52.

themselves on the Military Council and have been making accusations

:09:52.:09:55.

about their poor handling of affairs and the lack of law and

:09:55.:10:02.

order in the country. Now some other news. The growing tensions

:10:02.:10:07.

between Sudan and South Sudan, President Omar Bashir says the

:10:07.:10:12.

climate is closer to one of war and peace with neighbouring South Sudan.

:10:12.:10:16.

He was speaking on state television a day after the south Sudanese

:10:16.:10:21.

President Salva Kiir also warned that renewed conflict could erupt.

:10:22.:10:26.

The United Nations has declared the Thanet in Somalia is now over. They

:10:26.:10:32.

have downgraded the situation to a humanitarian emergency. Conditions

:10:32.:10:36.

have improved because of a good harvest and significant

:10:36.:10:40.

international aid, but a third of the population needs emergency

:10:40.:10:45.

support. The hacking network Anonymous has released a recording

:10:45.:10:49.

of a phone call between the FBI and British police in which they

:10:49.:10:54.

discuss efforts against hacking. The FBI says it has launched an

:10:54.:11:00.

investigation. But Cabinet minister Chris Huhne has quit his post as

:11:00.:11:03.

Energy Secretary after learning he will be charged over allegations

:11:03.:11:08.

that he asked his ex-wife to take a speeding penalty for him to escape

:11:08.:11:11.

a driving ban. They are being prosecuted for

:11:11.:11:15.

allegedly perverting the course of justice.

:11:15.:11:19.

NASA has released new pictures of a galaxy which could tell us more

:11:19.:11:24.

about where we lived. The Hubble space telescope has taken pictures

:11:24.:11:28.

of a barred spiral galaxy similar to our own Milky Way.

:11:28.:11:33.

One of the world's most deadly diseases, malaria, is killing twice

:11:33.:11:40.

as many people than previously thought according to the Lancet.

:11:40.:11:44.

The research suggests the total number of people dying from the

:11:44.:11:49.

mosquito borne disease is declining. The study by researchers in the

:11:49.:11:54.

United States and Australia was funded by the Bill and Melinda

:11:54.:11:58.

Gates Foundation. We already knew it malaria was a

:11:58.:12:01.

killer, taking hundreds of thousands of lives each year, most

:12:01.:12:06.

of them are young children in sub- Saharan Africa. According to this

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new study the number of victims may be higher still. The researchers

:12:12.:12:18.

say 1.2 mean the end people died in 2010. That figure nearly doubled

:12:18.:12:22.

previous estimates from the World Health Organisation. The research

:12:22.:12:27.

also shows 42% of deaths from malaria were in older Jordan and

:12:27.:12:32.

adults, much higher than previously thought. Trying to accurately

:12:32.:12:37.

estimate the number of deaths caused by this mosquito borne

:12:37.:12:40.

disease is extremely difficult due largely to the poor quality of the

:12:40.:12:45.

data kept in those countries where malaria kills most. The authors of

:12:45.:12:50.

this new study used a new data and complex computer mapping to try and

:12:50.:12:54.

build a more precise picture. They also looked at deaths which they

:12:54.:12:59.

believe have been wrongly attributed to other causes.

:12:59.:13:04.

Although 2010 may look worse than it was thought, the new study

:13:04.:13:09.

suggests malaria deaths peaked in 2004 with a decline since

:13:09.:13:14.

attributed to major investments in prevention and health care made by

:13:14.:13:18.

international donors like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. More

:13:18.:13:23.

bed nets, and better disease monitoring are having an impact,

:13:24.:13:32.

even if far too many children and adults are still dying.

:13:32.:13:38.

We can speak to the co-ordinator of the strategy, economics and

:13:38.:13:41.

elimination team at the World Health Organisation's global

:13:41.:13:45.

malaria programme. I asked why there was a discrepancy in the

:13:45.:13:51.

figures. The major difference arises because of the number of

:13:51.:13:57.

deaths attributed to those aged five and over in sub-Saharan Africa.

:13:57.:14:01.

If you look at the other age groups, the under fives, the differences

:14:01.:14:07.

are not that substantial and the uncertainty by which these things

:14:07.:14:12.

are measured is great. The Rangers of the two sets of estimates

:14:12.:14:18.

overlap quite a lot. Statistically they are not different. But is it

:14:18.:14:22.

not different for children over the age of five and adults? Is that not

:14:22.:14:29.

where you have not got your figures right? Well, I think you have to be

:14:29.:14:36.

careful because these are estimates. It is very difficult to estimate

:14:36.:14:40.

the numbers of people who died from any cause of death, but that is

:14:40.:14:45.

particularly true of malaria, because the systems for recording

:14:45.:14:50.

deaths from malaria are weakest where malaria is most common. In

:14:50.:14:54.

order to derive the number of deaths we have to estimate rather

:14:54.:14:58.

than count. When we estimate there is always a large amount of

:14:58.:15:04.

uncertainty around those estimates. Is it not possible that people are

:15:04.:15:09.

dying as a result of malaria and it is compromising the system, making

:15:09.:15:14.

them more vulnerable to illnesses which may be recorded as the cause

:15:14.:15:18.

of death? Your way of trying to work out who is dying from malaria

:15:18.:15:28.
:15:28.:15:29.

We need to improve systems for recording of malaria and every

:15:29.:15:38.

suspected case of malaria should get a diagnostic test. And secondly

:15:38.:15:43.

we advocate the strength Lane of surveillance systems, better

:15:43.:15:51.

recording and reporting of cases and deaths and we work with the

:15:51.:15:55.

various countries to do this. When it comes to the estimates in the

:15:55.:16:00.

Lancet we think it has been -- there has been over diagnosis so

:16:00.:16:08.

many of the deaths counted as malaria were not in fact malaria.

:16:08.:16:11.

There was the World Health Organisation in Geneva. The English

:16:11.:16:13.

Football Association has confirmed that John Terry has been stripped

:16:13.:16:16.

of the captaincy of the national team until after his trial over

:16:16.:16:19.

allegations that he racially abused a black player during a match last

:16:19.:16:25.

year. John Terry has consistently denied the charge. Mihir Bose is a

:16:25.:16:28.

Sport Correspondent for the Evening Standard and he joins me now in the

:16:28.:16:34.

studio. This would have dogged England's every move, it was

:16:34.:16:39.

inevitable? It was and the f eight have to show it is governing the

:16:39.:16:45.

sport. Later on this month the FA will report to the British Sports

:16:45.:16:49.

Minister on governments and not long ago the same minister said

:16:49.:16:52.

football is the worst governed sport in the country. In the

:16:52.:16:57.

context of what was happening, a sensitive and a serious charge,

:16:57.:17:03.

John Terry is innocent until proven guilty but the charges serious. A

:17:03.:17:06.

trial soon after the European Championships, the trial hanging

:17:06.:17:12.

over it and having made the nature of the captain seat so symbolically

:17:12.:17:17.

important, it gives the wrong message and the FA did not want to.

:17:17.:17:24.

The man he is accused of racially abusing Anton Ferdinand, Rio

:17:24.:17:29.

Ferdinand has been named as a possible successor. Rio Ferdinand

:17:29.:17:37.

defeated he does not want it. There is a question whether Anton

:17:37.:17:41.

Ferdinand would shake the hand of John Terry. No handshakes took

:17:41.:17:48.

place. These are symbolic gestures taking place. It is a background of

:17:48.:17:54.

the emergence of racism in a way which has surprised the football

:17:54.:17:58.

authorities. They are trying to share their governing the sport and

:17:58.:18:03.

are in charge and making the right decisions. He will succeed him as

:18:03.:18:10.

captain? At the moment, difficult to say. Fabio Capello the Italian

:18:10.:18:16.

coach is surprised how important English football took the captaincy.

:18:16.:18:21.

He would decide, John Terry -- Rio Ferdinand could have been a choice

:18:21.:18:26.

but says he doesn't want it. John Terry denies the allegations but

:18:26.:18:31.

how bad is racism in football today? Recently I looked at

:18:31.:18:35.

grassroots football and there raised a lot of racism. It is

:18:35.:18:40.

complex racism, the sort of racism that disfigured English football in

:18:40.:18:45.

the 1980s, that has gone, monkey chants and throwing bananas but

:18:45.:18:50.

there is still some racism. This does not mean John Terry is guilty.

:18:50.:18:54.

He is still an innocent man but there are elements of racism

:18:54.:18:58.

problems in the game which has not been eradicated.

:18:58.:19:00.

Tens of thousands of people are expected to march through Moscow

:19:00.:19:03.

again tomorrow as part of the ongoing protests against fraud in

:19:03.:19:08.

December's parliamentary elections. With only a month to go before the

:19:08.:19:11.

Presidential poll, Russia's voting system is still a raw topic for

:19:11.:19:14.

some as the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin tries to return to the

:19:14.:19:19.

presidency. Our Moscow Correspondent Daniel Sandford has

:19:19.:19:21.

been investigating why some people claim his ruling United Russia

:19:21.:19:31.
:19:31.:19:35.

There has been a backing off in the new year in the battle to clean up

:19:35.:19:40.

Russia's elections. This was a raid by democracy activists where

:19:40.:19:44.

hundreds of signatures were being forged on the nomination papers of

:19:44.:19:50.

a presidential candidate. With the presidential elections only a month

:19:50.:19:56.

away, hundreds of volunteers are training to be election observers,

:19:56.:19:59.

many are fired up by the stories about cheating in December's

:19:59.:20:06.

parliamentary vote. Stories like that of these students who were

:20:06.:20:11.

approached to join a carousel, a group of young people paid to go

:20:11.:20:15.

around illegally voting again and again for Vladimir Putin. They made

:20:15.:20:21.

sure the whole thing was secretly filmed by an undercover journalist.

:20:21.:20:27.

TRANSLATION: We would go into each polling station and go to table one

:20:27.:20:34.

or two and show the passport. When the person saw it he knew what

:20:34.:20:38.

to do. And gave us a ballot paper without the usual explanation about

:20:38.:20:45.

how to vote. This was one of the many polling stations where the

:20:45.:20:50.

young couple voted that day. It was on a list of over 40 in this area

:20:51.:20:55.

alone where they were told to save the game. It gives you an idea of

:20:55.:20:59.

the scale of the institutional conspiracy to rig the election.

:20:59.:21:05.

Although he was an official observer, par felt watched as the

:21:05.:21:09.

result that his polling station was changed after the count. The ruling

:21:09.:21:15.

party gained 80 votes, the other parties lost 20 votes each. It was

:21:15.:21:22.

my first time but it was much worse than I expected. I was so upset

:21:22.:21:26.

that on the night before the elections I could not go to bed so

:21:26.:21:32.

I took time writing a report and was posted on the internet. It was

:21:32.:21:36.

these examples of blatant cheating that brought tens of thousands of

:21:36.:21:40.

protesters out onto the streets of Moscow in December and will

:21:40.:21:47.

tomorrow. He is a statistician who says the overall effect of the

:21:47.:21:55.

fraud was critical to the outcome. The official result was 49.3% and

:21:55.:22:00.

statistical analysis gives us something between 34 and 39%.

:22:00.:22:08.

percentage points cheating. Yes. It is cheating and this means Russia

:22:08.:22:15.

has no majority. Vladimir Putin has been tainted by his party's crude

:22:15.:22:20.

vote rigging. A giant banner appeared reading Putin go. He is

:22:20.:22:24.

still Russia's most popular politician and a little can stop

:22:24.:22:31.

him returning to the Kremlin. Over the past fortnight we've been

:22:31.:22:34.

taking an occasional look at the lives of the super rich. Well today

:22:34.:22:37.

we're joined by someone who certainly falls into that category.

:22:37.:22:40.

Jamie Johnson is one of the great- grandsons of Robert Wood Johnson

:22:40.:22:43.

the First the co-founder of the Johnson & Johnson consumer product

:22:43.:22:47.

company. He's made two documentaries about wealth and the

:22:47.:22:50.

rich, and he currently writes a weekly online column for Vanity

:22:50.:23:00.
:23:00.:23:00.

Fair called "The One Percent". He joins as naff all New York.

:23:00.:23:04.

Della kits at Davos said the gap between the haves and have-nots was

:23:04.:23:10.

the defining issue of our day. Do you agree? I do agree. More and

:23:10.:23:14.

more people are becoming aware of the disparity in wealth between the

:23:14.:23:18.

people at the bottom of the ladder and the people at the tops. In the

:23:18.:23:23.

United States to see more tension over the issue. Occupy Wall Street

:23:23.:23:29.

really has forced people to recognise there's a great disparity.

:23:29.:23:34.

And nothing more and more we will hear more about it as the election

:23:34.:23:40.

evolves for the run-up to the White House. And you personally, you are

:23:40.:23:44.

one of the heirs to this great fortune, do you feel a bit self-

:23:44.:23:49.

conscious about being a member of the super rich?

:23:49.:23:54.

Personally I do not. In my case I have made films about wealth and

:23:54.:23:59.

social class, I have included myself in the films. I have been

:23:59.:24:02.

straightforward about wealth in my own life. I have also thought a

:24:02.:24:06.

great deal about it and some of the privileges that go along with

:24:06.:24:11.

wealth and some of the attitudes towards rich people. They can be

:24:11.:24:16.

negative and positive. It is not something I am uncomfortable with.

:24:16.:24:21.

What things did you come up with? What are your attitudes towards

:24:21.:24:26.

rich people like yourself? What are your reflections on having a huge

:24:26.:24:30.

amounts of wealth? Well in my case it is a great

:24:30.:24:35.

privilege. It has done amazing things for me but more than

:24:35.:24:39.

anything It provides choices, the ability to pursue a career that is

:24:39.:24:44.

interesting, I do not have to worry about paying the bills. That makes

:24:44.:24:49.

a big difference. And the main point is there is a sense of

:24:49.:24:54.

freedom. Do you think because of what is going on, the gap between

:24:54.:24:58.

the haves and have-nots, conspicuous consumption and the

:24:58.:25:03.

ostentatious flaunting of wealth is something the super rich really are

:25:03.:25:08.

avoiding or are they still doing that? I think people are aware of

:25:08.:25:15.

it in terms of some of the things they do with their public relations

:25:16.:25:20.

save people are conscious of it and want to create the perception at

:25:20.:25:25.

times they are not as rich as they are. On the other hand, what you

:25:25.:25:30.

are really seeing his people that are super rich are not really

:25:30.:25:35.

experiencing it as a recession. I think if you go into affluent

:25:35.:25:41.

circles in the US life seems to be going along as usual, where you see

:25:41.:25:45.

people hit the hardest of the low end of the economic spectrum.

:25:45.:25:55.
:25:55.:25:58.

Briefly, is it fair, unfair, what do you think? Well, it is not fair,

:25:58.:26:03.

nobody would make that argument. You would not hear me make that

:26:03.:26:08.

argument. OK, thank you very much for talking to us. And for being so

:26:08.:26:15.

frank! Before we go, the main news: the

:26:15.:26:19.

death toll from the extreme weather continues to rise as the Continent

:26:19.:26:24.

remains blanketed by snow and ice. More than 100 people have died in

:26:24.:26:29.

the Ukraine and 37 people have died in Poland. Crowds of protestors

:26:29.:26:31.

have gathered in Tahrir Square in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, to

:26:31.:26:34.

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