03/02/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Dozens dying in


homes and on the streets of Europe. As the severe cold weather claims


more lives today, we ask why the authorities seem an able to stop


the deaths. Tensions high in Egypt as the


football stadium deaths give fresh impetus to political protests.


Have we vastly underestimated the number of malaria deaths worldwide?


A new study claims the disease is killing twice as many people as we


think. Also coming up: Footballer John


Terry is stripped of the England captaincy. He will not lead the


squad until his trial over racial abuse allegations is over. He


denies the charges. And the critics of Russia's


Vladimir Putin who claimed the country's voting system is loaded


Hello and welcome. Many countries in Europe remain covered in snow


and ice and the number of people dying from hyperthermia is


continuing to rise. The intense cold has caused around 100 deaths


in Ukraine in the last week and at least 37 people have died in Poland.


Most of the dead are homeless or poor people living in rural


villages. Steve Rosenberg in Moscow it takes a look at the big freeze


gripping Europe. Southern Russia is looking more


like the North Pole. Heavy snowfall has blocked the main roads. Dozens


of cars and lorries are stranded. This ambulance driver says he


urgently needs to get his patient to intensive care, but they are


stuck in snow with no idea when they will reach a hospital. There


are travel problems in the Russian Far East where temperatures in


places have fallen to minus 50. The big freeze has caused big problems


for anyone needing a fairy. The Pacific has frozen over. The ice is


more than a metre thick. You have to find another way across if you


are brave enough. The colt is more than just an inconvenience. It is


claiming lives. Officials say that last month's 64 Russians died from


the cold weather. Emergency teams will now be patrolling the streets


to make sure the homeless are not in danger. But the situation seems


even more desperate across Eastern Europe. In Ukraine more than 100


people have died in the past week as a result of the freezing weather.


Most of the victims had been living on the streets. Hundreds more have


been hospitalised suffering from hypothermia and frostbite.


Emergency crews have set up special heating and food shelters. More


than 30 people have died in Poland. One of the coldest places was this


city. Across Eastern Europe the cold is causing power shortages. It


is forcing schools to close, sparking transport chaos and


endangering lives. Let's talk a bit more about this


and Freik Spinnewijn is a director of the European Federation of


National Organisations working with the homeless, an organisation known


as Feantsa. Do you think, I know it is difficult you cannot get


evidence, there will be more deaths from hypothermia because there are


more people homeless as a result of the financial crisis? There is


definitely more people that are homeless because of the crisis. If


there are more people dying, it is difficult to see, it not only


depends on the weather, but it is important because we have seen an


increase in the number of homeless people. How can you tell that? Are


there people presenting themselves are to hostels? Each country is


starting to collect data and there is an increase, but we also know


from our members that there is quite an important increase in


demand for services like Shelter and accommodation and we see that


especially in countries that have been hit by the crisis such as


Greece and Spain. What happens with homeless people in severe cold


weather conditions? Surely they do not try to sleep on the streets


because they know that could kill them. Exactly, it's basically comes


down to a shortage in emergency accommodation, a simple shortage of


beds where people can find shelter from the cold. It is a question of


political will. I do not think it could be that difficult to make


sure there is sufficient bed space available for these people. Are you


calling on governments across Europe to try to do more? It is not


the cold weather killing them. Sweden is a very cold country, but


people do not died on the streets. It is interesting to see that in


countries where it tends to be cold they do not see so many homeless


people dying from the cold. It is possible to address it. It is not


just Feantsa calling for countries to do enough to make sure people do


not die, but it is also the European Parliament that has on


repeated occasions asked for things to be done to make sure people do


not died due to lack of accommodation. Anger is boiling


over again in the Egyptian capital Cairo over the deaths of the 74


people in football violence on Wednesday. These are live pictures


from Tahrir Square where thousands have been gathering all day. Just


off the square there have been running battles between police and


protesters and our reporter in Cairo says one protester, maybe two,


have died from tear gas inhalation and two others died earlier in Suez.


Activists have declared today a day of anger and many are blaming the


security forces for the deaths in the Football station in Port Said.


They believe the fans from Cairo were deliberately targeted because


of their prominent role in the revolution. Let's get more from


Yolande Knell. Other protesters still out there? They are still out


there in large numbers in Tahrir Square itself where people are


seemingly planning to camp out for the night. They have re-established


the campsite in the middle of the roundabout. Things are relatively


calm, but if you go onto the side streets approaching the Interior


Ministry and that is where we are continuing to see these


confrontations between angry, young fans, mostly young men, hurling


rocks at the please and the police responding by using large


quantities of tear gas. That is what we could see through the day


and field hospitals around Tahrir Square say they have seen it many


injuries from the use of the tear gas. Perhaps one person has been


killed we understand. The death toll from today stands at two


people killed from the latest clashes and two people killed in


Suez overnight who were shot. Hundreds have been injured, the


official figure from two days of violence in different places around


the country and its stands at around 2300 according to the health


ministry. The biggest single incident of violence since the


revolution. What is the focus of those people in Tahrir Square? Who


is the focus of their anger? Directly their anger is focus at


the police who they believed were negligent, who stood by and were


deliberately negligent on Wednesday night in that violence at the Port


Said football stadium. Certainly from the television pictures from


that night you could see there was a relatively small deployment of


police officers and they stood by while hundreds of thousands of al-


Masry home fans stormed the pitch and targeted the al-Ahly fans and


Pune players. People are also very angry at the ruling military and


they are continuing to demand a faster transfer to fall, civilian


rule. Up to now the military has been keeping to a timetable and it


will hand over full power to a civilian led Government by the


middle of the Year after presidential elections have taken


place. People want that timetable speeded up. There have been many


protests about continuing military rule, but now we also have a new


parliament partly elected, and these new parliamentarians, mostly


Islamists, have had been using the latest events to put more pressure


themselves on the Military Council and have been making accusations


about their poor handling of affairs and the lack of law and


order in the country. Now some other news. The growing tensions


between Sudan and South Sudan, President Omar Bashir says the


climate is closer to one of war and peace with neighbouring South Sudan.


He was speaking on state television a day after the south Sudanese


President Salva Kiir also warned that renewed conflict could erupt.


The United Nations has declared the Thanet in Somalia is now over. They


have downgraded the situation to a humanitarian emergency. Conditions


have improved because of a good harvest and significant


international aid, but a third of the population needs emergency


support. The hacking network Anonymous has released a recording


of a phone call between the FBI and British police in which they


discuss efforts against hacking. The FBI says it has launched an


investigation. But Cabinet minister Chris Huhne has quit his post as


Energy Secretary after learning he will be charged over allegations


that he asked his ex-wife to take a speeding penalty for him to escape


a driving ban. They are being prosecuted for


allegedly perverting the course of justice.


NASA has released new pictures of a galaxy which could tell us more


about where we lived. The Hubble space telescope has taken pictures


of a barred spiral galaxy similar to our own Milky Way.


One of the world's most deadly diseases, malaria, is killing twice


as many people than previously thought according to the Lancet.


The research suggests the total number of people dying from the


mosquito borne disease is declining. The study by researchers in the


United States and Australia was funded by the Bill and Melinda


Gates Foundation. We already knew it malaria was a


killer, taking hundreds of thousands of lives each year, most


of them are young children in sub- Saharan Africa. According to this


new study the number of victims may be higher still. The researchers


say 1.2 mean the end people died in 2010. That figure nearly doubled


previous estimates from the World Health Organisation. The research


also shows 42% of deaths from malaria were in older Jordan and


adults, much higher than previously thought. Trying to accurately


estimate the number of deaths caused by this mosquito borne


disease is extremely difficult due largely to the poor quality of the


data kept in those countries where malaria kills most. The authors of


this new study used a new data and complex computer mapping to try and


build a more precise picture. They also looked at deaths which they


believe have been wrongly attributed to other causes.


Although 2010 may look worse than it was thought, the new study


suggests malaria deaths peaked in 2004 with a decline since


attributed to major investments in prevention and health care made by


international donors like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. More


bed nets, and better disease monitoring are having an impact,


even if far too many children and adults are still dying.


We can speak to the co-ordinator of the strategy, economics and


elimination team at the World Health Organisation's global


malaria programme. I asked why there was a discrepancy in the


figures. The major difference arises because of the number of


deaths attributed to those aged five and over in sub-Saharan Africa.


If you look at the other age groups, the under fives, the differences


are not that substantial and the uncertainty by which these things


are measured is great. The Rangers of the two sets of estimates


overlap quite a lot. Statistically they are not different. But is it


not different for children over the age of five and adults? Is that not


where you have not got your figures right? Well, I think you have to be


careful because these are estimates. It is very difficult to estimate


the numbers of people who died from any cause of death, but that is


particularly true of malaria, because the systems for recording


deaths from malaria are weakest where malaria is most common. In


order to derive the number of deaths we have to estimate rather


than count. When we estimate there is always a large amount of


uncertainty around those estimates. Is it not possible that people are


dying as a result of malaria and it is compromising the system, making


them more vulnerable to illnesses which may be recorded as the cause


of death? Your way of trying to work out who is dying from malaria


We need to improve systems for recording of malaria and every


suspected case of malaria should get a diagnostic test. And secondly


we advocate the strength Lane of surveillance systems, better


recording and reporting of cases and deaths and we work with the


various countries to do this. When it comes to the estimates in the


Lancet we think it has been -- there has been over diagnosis so


many of the deaths counted as malaria were not in fact malaria.


There was the World Health Organisation in Geneva. The English


Football Association has confirmed that John Terry has been stripped


of the captaincy of the national team until after his trial over


allegations that he racially abused a black player during a match last


year. John Terry has consistently denied the charge. Mihir Bose is a


Sport Correspondent for the Evening Standard and he joins me now in the


studio. This would have dogged England's every move, it was


inevitable? It was and the f eight have to show it is governing the


sport. Later on this month the FA will report to the British Sports


Minister on governments and not long ago the same minister said


football is the worst governed sport in the country. In the


context of what was happening, a sensitive and a serious charge,


John Terry is innocent until proven guilty but the charges serious. A


trial soon after the European Championships, the trial hanging


over it and having made the nature of the captain seat so symbolically


important, it gives the wrong message and the FA did not want to.


The man he is accused of racially abusing Anton Ferdinand, Rio


Ferdinand has been named as a possible successor. Rio Ferdinand


defeated he does not want it. There is a question whether Anton


Ferdinand would shake the hand of John Terry. No handshakes took


place. These are symbolic gestures taking place. It is a background of


the emergence of racism in a way which has surprised the football


authorities. They are trying to share their governing the sport and


are in charge and making the right decisions. He will succeed him as


captain? At the moment, difficult to say. Fabio Capello the Italian


coach is surprised how important English football took the captaincy.


He would decide, John Terry -- Rio Ferdinand could have been a choice


but says he doesn't want it. John Terry denies the allegations but


how bad is racism in football today? Recently I looked at


grassroots football and there raised a lot of racism. It is


complex racism, the sort of racism that disfigured English football in


the 1980s, that has gone, monkey chants and throwing bananas but


there is still some racism. This does not mean John Terry is guilty.


He is still an innocent man but there are elements of racism


problems in the game which has not been eradicated.


Tens of thousands of people are expected to march through Moscow


again tomorrow as part of the ongoing protests against fraud in


December's parliamentary elections. With only a month to go before the


Presidential poll, Russia's voting system is still a raw topic for


some as the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin tries to return to the


presidency. Our Moscow Correspondent Daniel Sandford has


been investigating why some people claim his ruling United Russia


There has been a backing off in the new year in the battle to clean up


Russia's elections. This was a raid by democracy activists where


hundreds of signatures were being forged on the nomination papers of


a presidential candidate. With the presidential elections only a month


away, hundreds of volunteers are training to be election observers,


many are fired up by the stories about cheating in December's


parliamentary vote. Stories like that of these students who were


approached to join a carousel, a group of young people paid to go


around illegally voting again and again for Vladimir Putin. They made


sure the whole thing was secretly filmed by an undercover journalist.


TRANSLATION: We would go into each polling station and go to table one


or two and show the passport. When the person saw it he knew what


to do. And gave us a ballot paper without the usual explanation about


how to vote. This was one of the many polling stations where the


young couple voted that day. It was on a list of over 40 in this area


alone where they were told to save the game. It gives you an idea of


the scale of the institutional conspiracy to rig the election.


Although he was an official observer, par felt watched as the


result that his polling station was changed after the count. The ruling


party gained 80 votes, the other parties lost 20 votes each. It was


my first time but it was much worse than I expected. I was so upset


that on the night before the elections I could not go to bed so


I took time writing a report and was posted on the internet. It was


these examples of blatant cheating that brought tens of thousands of


protesters out onto the streets of Moscow in December and will


tomorrow. He is a statistician who says the overall effect of the


fraud was critical to the outcome. The official result was 49.3% and


statistical analysis gives us something between 34 and 39%.


percentage points cheating. Yes. It is cheating and this means Russia


has no majority. Vladimir Putin has been tainted by his party's crude


vote rigging. A giant banner appeared reading Putin go. He is


still Russia's most popular politician and a little can stop


him returning to the Kremlin. Over the past fortnight we've been


taking an occasional look at the lives of the super rich. Well today


we're joined by someone who certainly falls into that category.


Jamie Johnson is one of the great- grandsons of Robert Wood Johnson


the First the co-founder of the Johnson & Johnson consumer product


company. He's made two documentaries about wealth and the


rich, and he currently writes a weekly online column for Vanity


Fair called "The One Percent". He joins as naff all New York.


Della kits at Davos said the gap between the haves and have-nots was


the defining issue of our day. Do you agree? I do agree. More and


more people are becoming aware of the disparity in wealth between the


people at the bottom of the ladder and the people at the tops. In the


United States to see more tension over the issue. Occupy Wall Street


really has forced people to recognise there's a great disparity.


And nothing more and more we will hear more about it as the election


evolves for the run-up to the White House. And you personally, you are


one of the heirs to this great fortune, do you feel a bit self-


conscious about being a member of the super rich?


Personally I do not. In my case I have made films about wealth and


social class, I have included myself in the films. I have been


straightforward about wealth in my own life. I have also thought a


great deal about it and some of the privileges that go along with


wealth and some of the attitudes towards rich people. They can be


negative and positive. It is not something I am uncomfortable with.


What things did you come up with? What are your attitudes towards


rich people like yourself? What are your reflections on having a huge


amounts of wealth? Well in my case it is a great


privilege. It has done amazing things for me but more than


anything It provides choices, the ability to pursue a career that is


interesting, I do not have to worry about paying the bills. That makes


a big difference. And the main point is there is a sense of


freedom. Do you think because of what is going on, the gap between


the haves and have-nots, conspicuous consumption and the


ostentatious flaunting of wealth is something the super rich really are


avoiding or are they still doing that? I think people are aware of


it in terms of some of the things they do with their public relations


save people are conscious of it and want to create the perception at


times they are not as rich as they are. On the other hand, what you


are really seeing his people that are super rich are not really


experiencing it as a recession. I think if you go into affluent


circles in the US life seems to be going along as usual, where you see


people hit the hardest of the low end of the economic spectrum.


Briefly, is it fair, unfair, what do you think? Well, it is not fair,


nobody would make that argument. You would not hear me make that


argument. OK, thank you very much for talking to us. And for being so


frank! Before we go, the main news: the


death toll from the extreme weather continues to rise as the Continent


remains blanketed by snow and ice. More than 100 people have died in


the Ukraine and 37 people have died in Poland. Crowds of protestors


have gathered in Tahrir Square in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, to


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