16/02/2012 World News Today


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The Benghazi is the birthplace of the revolt. The people here are


fiercely proud of that fact. This is still a country where groups of


armed men wield disproportionate influence and one year on, the


revolution still feels like unfinished business. Away from the


jubilation, militias squabble over territory with violent consequences.


Most of these lawless brigades of formal fighters answer to no one


but their own commanders. Libya's new government is trying to


incorporate them into the National Army but they have met with limited


success. Last spring at the start of the revolution, he swapped his


stethoscope for a gun. He and thousands of young men risked their


lives to overthrow Colonel Gaddafi. Now, as reports emerged of rebels


torturing enemies, he says Libya needs a new psychological


revolution. The regime and his ideas are still


imprinted in many minds. So, we have to change these mines and


When he wasn't singing and playing, he also fought on the front line,


now he says it is important those who took up arms lay down their


weapons. Most Libyans agree the freedoms that have come with the


revolution have changed their lives for the better. Until the militias


disarmed, behind the facade of a new unstable life looks the danger


of renewed violence. A former co- ordinator for the NCC in London


joins me. The assertion is the militia are out of control and the


government lacks the political will to get them under control. I think


that is a hugely exaggerated... The government is trying to establish


its authority. It has only been there for less than three months.


It is trying to rebuild a country. The process of State Building is


daunting and not easy. The government is trying to rebuild the


National Army, police service, security, the border guards and so


on. They are trying to accommodate and assimilate these freedom


fighters. It is going slowly, it is not going fast enough but I think


they will get there and things are not out of control as some media


outlets project. Amnesty International says there are many


cases of torture, the use of beatings and whips. That is not an


isolated case. Absolutely. These incidents are condemned, they are


to be rejected. This is not what the new Libya is all about. Because


of the lack of national institutions to take over the


prisons and the detentions and interrogations, these are done a


voluntary by Freedom fighters and they are people who want to settle


scores. This is not to be condoned. We say whenever the government


finds out about these incidents are they intervene and to rectify it


and make sure it does not happen and doesn't go on. With a little


patience, we do know what these violations to go on but in the


weeks and months ahead will seek a measured improvement and when the


institutions take over security, the incidence should disappear


totally. You have elections looming so time is of the essence. What


proactive moves will the government take to try to get the situation


under control? Every week we will see a strengthening of the national


institutions, the army and police and also a preparation is on for


the elections in five months and then we will have a new elected


council with legitimacy and political mandate to take over


running the country. By then, we would have a army and police


service and the judiciary need to be reactivated and that is going on


and hopefully by then we would have much more institutions and state


institutions that are running things and adhering to the law and


respecting the human rights of individuals irrespective of their


political background. A resolution calling for President


Assad to step down will be voted on it surely by the UN General


Assembly. It is supported by France's foreign minister says the


status quo is an acceptable. The draft says Syrian authorities are


involved in systematic violations of human rights and freedoms. It is


expected to be passed unlike the last draft at the security council


which Russia and China vetoed 12 months ago. The resolution is


similar to the one Russia and China vetoed in the Security Council. It


calls on the government to end violence, to stop the crackdown and


calls on all parties to stop violence and backs and Arab League


political transition plan for Syria and calls on the Secretary-General


to appoint a special envoy to deal with Syria. The General Assembly


doesn't have the legal authority of the Security Council has so in a


way it is a symbolic move but the General Assembly is reflective of


world opinion. 193 members representing the world. If there is


a strong Yes vote it would give political and moral authority to


the plan. The idea is to use that yes vote to put more pressure on


the regime of Bashar Al-Assad and to illustrate Russia and China are


increasingly isolated in the opposition. Does it also provide a


stronger background -- backdrop for humanitarian exercises? No, it has


nothing to do with that. The French foreign minister has been talking


about exploratory conversations about the basis for a possible


Security Council resolution to bring it back to the Security


Council. He has been emphasising his idea of humanitarian quarters


saying they may be a way to get a Security Council agreement,


including Russia and China, to get humanitarian goods to people in


need. This is very early days and the whole issue of is something


that almost the Russian and Chinese would oppose if it involved troops


and other Western countries have concerns about that kind of thing.


They are wary about putting boots on the ground. After a meeting with


the Russian foreign minister, the Frenchman said fundamentally the


differences remain, Russia and France see the conflict in


different terms, Russia sees it as an Arab conflict, France sees it as


a government attacking the opposition in a brutal crackdown.


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 75 seconds


The Ugandan parliament is considering a Bill proposing harsh


penalties for gay people. Homosexuality is illegal in Uganda


but increasing levels of homophobia have caused some who the to flee


the country. But East African correspondent reports.


To Ugandan men are living in exile. They told me they were forced to


flee to Kenya after being physically attacked for being gay.


Still fearing repercussions, they did not want their identities


revealed. People screaming outside, they broke into my house. They were


beating me. The police came. you saw this mob that were shouting


we want to kill you, what people were made up of the group? They


stay in the same village, old men, women. Women as well? They are


wanting my blood. He said when he went to the police he was jailed,


humiliated and abused. What did the police say to the other people who


were locked up in the cell when they took it in? He is a day. He


loves men. You love fellow men and you are gay. We should treat you


like that. I was abused by 50 people in the room. They were


beating you up, and the sexually abused you? Yes. Amongst Ugandan


MPs there is strong support for an anti- homosexuality bill. It calls


for life imprisonment and in some cases the death sentence. We have


five weeks of tension. Danny worked with American activists to oppose


the bill. They said there was an arrest, torture by soldiers and


ExCel. If the law is passed, he says the gay community will be


hunted down. It will promote homophobia because it would give


ordinary people the confidence and legal mandate to prosecute the


group. -- persecute. There is no doubt the gay community in Uganda


is living in fear. The Ugandan government told the BBC it had no


information about any people being detained or tortured because of


their sexuality. Across much of Africa, homophobia is rife.


Changing attitudes may take generations. Those forced into


exile have not given up hope of returning home. I have to keep


running and keep on the run-up to save my life. My hope is Sunday I


can live as a Ugandan and clean my right a citizen. -- cleaner my


The families of prisoners held inside the Honduras jail continue


to wait for news of casualties. It is known that more than 350 people


died but the cause is not clear. The Governor has been suspended.


For more than 24 harrowing hours they have been waiting and praying.


The family members gathered outside the prison in Comayagua now just


want to hear some news, a name used, about their relatives. Some of them,


like this woman, already have. Her two brothers were killed as the


flames swept through the building. I understand there were 900 inmates


inside a building only designed for 300. It is illogical. They have


made mistakes but they are human beings and have the right to live.


As the time passed the bodies continued to appear. This is the


grim scene which has been unfolding here in Comayagua. Body back after


a body bag being taken to the more. And just a few hundred metres


outside the prison pullup ones are waiting desperately for a news. --


the loved ones. There is still no clear explanation. Different


officials have provided different versions as to how the blaze


started. Some claim a fight between rival gangs, others, an electrical


fault in the crumbling building. But most all government officials


agreed that they prison system needs wholesale reform.


We need to modernise the system in Honduras. The government is aware


of that. I hope so. We will start doing that because we have to


guarantee the security of the inmates.


Human rights groups say that the Government has been here before. In


2004 A prisoner fire killed 100. The Government then present that --


promised there would not be a repeat. This fire has put a small a


rural community under the spotlight and suggests that those lessons


still have not been learned. Japanese police have arrested the


former president of the camera firm, or Olympus. He is suspected as


being part of a cover up which had the embezzlement of $1.7 million.


Japanese prosecutors as well as the police and the regulators had been


investigating or Olympus for months. Their inquiries brought them to


this home. Until October, this man was the chairman of the camera


maker, a major Japanese company. But now he has exchanged the


executive suite for the prosecutor's office and has been


questioned about one of the biggest swindles in Japanese history. The


former Auditor of the company has also been searched.


I feel a heavy responsibility. I sincerely regret what I have done.


It was Michael Wood 4-who blew the lead off the cover up which went


back decades. The chief executive was fired last year when he went


public with his concerns about large and unusual takeovers. The


company later admitted it had been hiding investment losses of $1.5


billion. The company has lost around half its value. The signs


are that it will survive but the scandal has shaken confidence in


corporate governance in Japan. He may be gone but he is not


forgotten. The regime in North Korea has gone to town to celebrate


what would have been the 70th birthday of the late Kim Jong-Il.


The man known as the Dear Leader have died in December but the


anniversary of his birth was marked by a lavish parade with


celebrations led by his son, Kim North Korea is having to pack a lot


into its ceremonies these days. On the 70th anniversary of his birth,


the country's late ruler shared the limelight with his son. Kim Jong-Un


has a big shoes to fill and these events are designed to help him do


it. Won his father's birthday the new leader got a pledge of


allegiance from the army. His father got fireworks and waving


flowers. But then Kim Jong-Il has already received several birthday


gifts from the nation. This a bronze statue in the capital. A


giant carving in the side of the mountain. North Korean television


has been doing its part as well, selecting scenes from his a long


history of on-site inspections. Part of a birth date documentary


designed to highlight his key ringside. But many believe that


these suggestions are as much about bolstering the hold on power of his


son. But Kim Jong-Un has looked thoroughly at home in his new role,


taking a standing ovation in his side, and motioning to the ranks, E


Knuth, sit down. It is impossible to tell from outside the country,


even from South Korea, just how much influence Kim Jong-Un has over


his father's comrades. But this was a chance to represent yet again the


unique authority of the family name and the friend, but priceless


credentials, of the new leader. -- thin.


Switzerland is now turning its attention to space with a special


satellite designed to scoop up junk orbiting Earth. Nasser say that


more than half a million pieces of deadbeat orbit Earth. -- NASA. --


debris. 55 years a gross but Nick was launched. Followed over the


next five decades to buy more. And more. And more. The earth's


superpowers battled for control of the universe. But in space what


goes up does not necessarily come down. Over half a million pieces of


junk are orbiting the Earth. Bits of old rockets, debris from


outdated satellites. Many pieces are quite small but they are


travelling at 28,000 kilometres per hour. They threaten the 700


satellites which provide us with the essentials of modern life. Help


is however at hand. Scientists at this space centre in Switzerland


have developed a modest satellite on a wall of a mission. It will


grab pieces of junk and force them back into the atmosphere, where


they will burn up. The launch is expected within five years and the


first task will be to identify and destroy to obsolete Swiss satellite.


-- two. It is expected to be just the first in a whole family of


cleaners intent on restoring the heavens to their original pristine


state. Claude Nicollier is a Swiss


astronaut who has flown on many missions and is now involved in the


project. This sounds a fantastical but is it necessary?


It certainly as. Eyes was mentioned there is lots of debris. If we do


not do anything then nobody will want to go because it will be too


hazardous and too dangerous in space. Not just human spaceflight


but satellite will collide and have a short lifespan if we do not do


something about it. Who will pay for this?


Well, we are after a demonstration and we are looking for public money


but private money also. It will be a combination of government money


from Switzerland and private funds. The fact that it is an academic


institution, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne,


leading the project, there will be some big money. But there will also


be some private money. How well the satellite make sure it


comes across the path of John? It sounds like it could be a lengthy


process. -- comes across the path of junk. There are thousands of


tons of debris. If collisions take place that will


create more could be. It happened in 2009 when an American satellite


collided with a Russian satellite. That cost about two, 3,000 more


tons of debris. It propels do rubbish towards air.


For people who do not understand, that sounds frightening. -- earth.


Well, it needs to be done. If we do not do it we will be in trouble and


a short space of time. But there are a number of technologies and


that's what the students here, research workers, the technicians,


and that is what they will work on. The detection system, the capture,


all with their robotic system, the orientation, in the such a manner


as to control the orbit of the Earth's atmosphere.


A reminder of our main news - armed militia groups are threatening the


safety and security of lippy according to Amnesty International.


They say that rebel brigades are committing torture. -- Libya.


A resolution calling for President Assad to step down will be voted on


by the UN General Assembly. It is backed by France, where the foreign


minister claims that the status quo when Syria is unacceptable. Next we


have the weather report. From the Temperatures Het 13 degrees today


but it will get much colder over the weekend. There will be lots of


cloud and outbreaks of rain arriving also. Patchy rain and


drizzle for these are Weston Hills. Probably dry off a touch in


Northern Ireland. Not much rain across the Pennines. But a damp


afternoon for the north-west of England. But at least it is mild.


Lots more cloud than we had today. Perhaps a few spots of drizzle.


Most of that in the South West will be in the morning. Lots of cloud


for Wales and it will be North Wales that will see most of the


rain. It make dry off a little in Northern Ireland during the


afternoon where temperatures will still reached double figures.


Eventually it will cloud over in Scotland but the rain could be


quite heavy in the West, not so much in the east. The real cold


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