16/02/2012 World News Today


16/02/2012

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The Benghazi is the birthplace of the revolt. The people here are

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fiercely proud of that fact. This is still a country where groups of

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armed men wield disproportionate influence and one year on, the

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revolution still feels like unfinished business. Away from the

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jubilation, militias squabble over territory with violent consequences.

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Most of these lawless brigades of formal fighters answer to no one

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but their own commanders. Libya's new government is trying to

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incorporate them into the National Army but they have met with limited

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success. Last spring at the start of the revolution, he swapped his

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stethoscope for a gun. He and thousands of young men risked their

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lives to overthrow Colonel Gaddafi. Now, as reports emerged of rebels

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torturing enemies, he says Libya needs a new psychological

:03:16.:03:26.
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revolution. The regime and his ideas are still

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imprinted in many minds. So, we have to change these mines and

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When he wasn't singing and playing, he also fought on the front line,

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now he says it is important those who took up arms lay down their

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weapons. Most Libyans agree the freedoms that have come with the

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revolution have changed their lives for the better. Until the militias

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disarmed, behind the facade of a new unstable life looks the danger

:04:03.:04:13.
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of renewed violence. A former co- ordinator for the NCC in London

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joins me. The assertion is the militia are out of control and the

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government lacks the political will to get them under control. I think

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that is a hugely exaggerated... The government is trying to establish

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its authority. It has only been there for less than three months.

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It is trying to rebuild a country. The process of State Building is

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daunting and not easy. The government is trying to rebuild the

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National Army, police service, security, the border guards and so

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on. They are trying to accommodate and assimilate these freedom

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fighters. It is going slowly, it is not going fast enough but I think

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they will get there and things are not out of control as some media

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outlets project. Amnesty International says there are many

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cases of torture, the use of beatings and whips. That is not an

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isolated case. Absolutely. These incidents are condemned, they are

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to be rejected. This is not what the new Libya is all about. Because

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of the lack of national institutions to take over the

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prisons and the detentions and interrogations, these are done a

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voluntary by Freedom fighters and they are people who want to settle

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scores. This is not to be condoned. We say whenever the government

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finds out about these incidents are they intervene and to rectify it

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and make sure it does not happen and doesn't go on. With a little

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patience, we do know what these violations to go on but in the

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weeks and months ahead will seek a measured improvement and when the

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institutions take over security, the incidence should disappear

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totally. You have elections looming so time is of the essence. What

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proactive moves will the government take to try to get the situation

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under control? Every week we will see a strengthening of the national

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institutions, the army and police and also a preparation is on for

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the elections in five months and then we will have a new elected

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council with legitimacy and political mandate to take over

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running the country. By then, we would have a army and police

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service and the judiciary need to be reactivated and that is going on

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and hopefully by then we would have much more institutions and state

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institutions that are running things and adhering to the law and

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respecting the human rights of individuals irrespective of their

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political background. A resolution calling for President

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Assad to step down will be voted on it surely by the UN General

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Assembly. It is supported by France's foreign minister says the

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status quo is an acceptable. The draft says Syrian authorities are

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involved in systematic violations of human rights and freedoms. It is

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expected to be passed unlike the last draft at the security council

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which Russia and China vetoed 12 months ago. The resolution is

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similar to the one Russia and China vetoed in the Security Council. It

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calls on the government to end violence, to stop the crackdown and

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calls on all parties to stop violence and backs and Arab League

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political transition plan for Syria and calls on the Secretary-General

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to appoint a special envoy to deal with Syria. The General Assembly

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doesn't have the legal authority of the Security Council has so in a

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way it is a symbolic move but the General Assembly is reflective of

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world opinion. 193 members representing the world. If there is

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a strong Yes vote it would give political and moral authority to

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the plan. The idea is to use that yes vote to put more pressure on

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the regime of Bashar Al-Assad and to illustrate Russia and China are

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increasingly isolated in the opposition. Does it also provide a

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stronger background -- backdrop for humanitarian exercises? No, it has

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nothing to do with that. The French foreign minister has been talking

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about exploratory conversations about the basis for a possible

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Security Council resolution to bring it back to the Security

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Council. He has been emphasising his idea of humanitarian quarters

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saying they may be a way to get a Security Council agreement,

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including Russia and China, to get humanitarian goods to people in

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need. This is very early days and the whole issue of is something

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that almost the Russian and Chinese would oppose if it involved troops

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and other Western countries have concerns about that kind of thing.

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They are wary about putting boots on the ground. After a meeting with

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the Russian foreign minister, the Frenchman said fundamentally the

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differences remain, Russia and France see the conflict in

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different terms, Russia sees it as an Arab conflict, France sees it as

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a government attacking the opposition in a brutal crackdown.

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 75 seconds

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The Ugandan parliament is considering a Bill proposing harsh

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penalties for gay people. Homosexuality is illegal in Uganda

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but increasing levels of homophobia have caused some who the to flee

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the country. But East African correspondent reports.

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To Ugandan men are living in exile. They told me they were forced to

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flee to Kenya after being physically attacked for being gay.

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Still fearing repercussions, they did not want their identities

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revealed. People screaming outside, they broke into my house. They were

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beating me. The police came. you saw this mob that were shouting

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we want to kill you, what people were made up of the group? They

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stay in the same village, old men, women. Women as well? They are

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wanting my blood. He said when he went to the police he was jailed,

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humiliated and abused. What did the police say to the other people who

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were locked up in the cell when they took it in? He is a day. He

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loves men. You love fellow men and you are gay. We should treat you

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like that. I was abused by 50 people in the room. They were

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beating you up, and the sexually abused you? Yes. Amongst Ugandan

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MPs there is strong support for an anti- homosexuality bill. It calls

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for life imprisonment and in some cases the death sentence. We have

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five weeks of tension. Danny worked with American activists to oppose

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the bill. They said there was an arrest, torture by soldiers and

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ExCel. If the law is passed, he says the gay community will be

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hunted down. It will promote homophobia because it would give

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ordinary people the confidence and legal mandate to prosecute the

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group. -- persecute. There is no doubt the gay community in Uganda

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is living in fear. The Ugandan government told the BBC it had no

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information about any people being detained or tortured because of

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their sexuality. Across much of Africa, homophobia is rife.

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Changing attitudes may take generations. Those forced into

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exile have not given up hope of returning home. I have to keep

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running and keep on the run-up to save my life. My hope is Sunday I

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can live as a Ugandan and clean my right a citizen. -- cleaner my

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The families of prisoners held inside the Honduras jail continue

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to wait for news of casualties. It is known that more than 350 people

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died but the cause is not clear. The Governor has been suspended.

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For more than 24 harrowing hours they have been waiting and praying.

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The family members gathered outside the prison in Comayagua now just

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want to hear some news, a name used, about their relatives. Some of them,

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like this woman, already have. Her two brothers were killed as the

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flames swept through the building. I understand there were 900 inmates

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inside a building only designed for 300. It is illogical. They have

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made mistakes but they are human beings and have the right to live.

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As the time passed the bodies continued to appear. This is the

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grim scene which has been unfolding here in Comayagua. Body back after

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a body bag being taken to the more. And just a few hundred metres

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outside the prison pullup ones are waiting desperately for a news. --

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the loved ones. There is still no clear explanation. Different

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officials have provided different versions as to how the blaze

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started. Some claim a fight between rival gangs, others, an electrical

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fault in the crumbling building. But most all government officials

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agreed that they prison system needs wholesale reform.

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We need to modernise the system in Honduras. The government is aware

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of that. I hope so. We will start doing that because we have to

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guarantee the security of the inmates.

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Human rights groups say that the Government has been here before. In

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2004 A prisoner fire killed 100. The Government then present that --

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promised there would not be a repeat. This fire has put a small a

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rural community under the spotlight and suggests that those lessons

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still have not been learned. Japanese police have arrested the

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former president of the camera firm, or Olympus. He is suspected as

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being part of a cover up which had the embezzlement of $1.7 million.

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Japanese prosecutors as well as the police and the regulators had been

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investigating or Olympus for months. Their inquiries brought them to

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this home. Until October, this man was the chairman of the camera

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maker, a major Japanese company. But now he has exchanged the

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executive suite for the prosecutor's office and has been

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questioned about one of the biggest swindles in Japanese history. The

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former Auditor of the company has also been searched.

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I feel a heavy responsibility. I sincerely regret what I have done.

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It was Michael Wood 4-who blew the lead off the cover up which went

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back decades. The chief executive was fired last year when he went

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public with his concerns about large and unusual takeovers. The

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company later admitted it had been hiding investment losses of $1.5

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billion. The company has lost around half its value. The signs

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are that it will survive but the scandal has shaken confidence in

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corporate governance in Japan. He may be gone but he is not

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forgotten. The regime in North Korea has gone to town to celebrate

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what would have been the 70th birthday of the late Kim Jong-Il.

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The man known as the Dear Leader have died in December but the

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anniversary of his birth was marked by a lavish parade with

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celebrations led by his son, Kim North Korea is having to pack a lot

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into its ceremonies these days. On the 70th anniversary of his birth,

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the country's late ruler shared the limelight with his son. Kim Jong-Un

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has a big shoes to fill and these events are designed to help him do

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it. Won his father's birthday the new leader got a pledge of

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allegiance from the army. His father got fireworks and waving

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flowers. But then Kim Jong-Il has already received several birthday

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gifts from the nation. This a bronze statue in the capital. A

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giant carving in the side of the mountain. North Korean television

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has been doing its part as well, selecting scenes from his a long

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history of on-site inspections. Part of a birth date documentary

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designed to highlight his key ringside. But many believe that

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these suggestions are as much about bolstering the hold on power of his

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son. But Kim Jong-Un has looked thoroughly at home in his new role,

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taking a standing ovation in his side, and motioning to the ranks, E

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Knuth, sit down. It is impossible to tell from outside the country,

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even from South Korea, just how much influence Kim Jong-Un has over

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his father's comrades. But this was a chance to represent yet again the

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unique authority of the family name and the friend, but priceless

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credentials, of the new leader. -- thin.

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Switzerland is now turning its attention to space with a special

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satellite designed to scoop up junk orbiting Earth. Nasser say that

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more than half a million pieces of deadbeat orbit Earth. -- NASA. --

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debris. 55 years a gross but Nick was launched. Followed over the

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next five decades to buy more. And more. And more. The earth's

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superpowers battled for control of the universe. But in space what

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goes up does not necessarily come down. Over half a million pieces of

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junk are orbiting the Earth. Bits of old rockets, debris from

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outdated satellites. Many pieces are quite small but they are

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travelling at 28,000 kilometres per hour. They threaten the 700

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satellites which provide us with the essentials of modern life. Help

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is however at hand. Scientists at this space centre in Switzerland

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have developed a modest satellite on a wall of a mission. It will

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grab pieces of junk and force them back into the atmosphere, where

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they will burn up. The launch is expected within five years and the

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first task will be to identify and destroy to obsolete Swiss satellite.

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-- two. It is expected to be just the first in a whole family of

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cleaners intent on restoring the heavens to their original pristine

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state. Claude Nicollier is a Swiss

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astronaut who has flown on many missions and is now involved in the

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project. This sounds a fantastical but is it necessary?

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It certainly as. Eyes was mentioned there is lots of debris. If we do

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not do anything then nobody will want to go because it will be too

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hazardous and too dangerous in space. Not just human spaceflight

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but satellite will collide and have a short lifespan if we do not do

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something about it. Who will pay for this?

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Well, we are after a demonstration and we are looking for public money

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but private money also. It will be a combination of government money

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from Switzerland and private funds. The fact that it is an academic

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institution, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne,

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leading the project, there will be some big money. But there will also

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be some private money. How well the satellite make sure it

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comes across the path of John? It sounds like it could be a lengthy

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process. -- comes across the path of junk. There are thousands of

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tons of debris. If collisions take place that will

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create more could be. It happened in 2009 when an American satellite

:25:05.:25:15.
:25:15.:25:15.

collided with a Russian satellite. That cost about two, 3,000 more

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:25:26.:25:27.

tons of debris. It propels do rubbish towards air.

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For people who do not understand, that sounds frightening. -- earth.

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Well, it needs to be done. If we do not do it we will be in trouble and

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a short space of time. But there are a number of technologies and

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that's what the students here, research workers, the technicians,

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and that is what they will work on. The detection system, the capture,

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all with their robotic system, the orientation, in the such a manner

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as to control the orbit of the Earth's atmosphere.

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A reminder of our main news - armed militia groups are threatening the

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safety and security of lippy according to Amnesty International.

:26:23.:26:33.
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They say that rebel brigades are committing torture. -- Libya.

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A resolution calling for President Assad to step down will be voted on

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by the UN General Assembly. It is backed by France, where the foreign

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minister claims that the status quo when Syria is unacceptable. Next we

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have the weather report. From the Temperatures Het 13 degrees today

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but it will get much colder over the weekend. There will be lots of

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cloud and outbreaks of rain arriving also. Patchy rain and

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drizzle for these are Weston Hills. Probably dry off a touch in

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Northern Ireland. Not much rain across the Pennines. But a damp

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afternoon for the north-west of England. But at least it is mild.

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Lots more cloud than we had today. Perhaps a few spots of drizzle.

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Most of that in the South West will be in the morning. Lots of cloud

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for Wales and it will be North Wales that will see most of the

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rain. It make dry off a little in Northern Ireland during the

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afternoon where temperatures will still reached double figures.

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Eventually it will cloud over in Scotland but the rain could be

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quite heavy in the West, not so much in the east. The real cold

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