17/02/2012 World News Today


17/02/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today. Rupert Murdoch flies into London to

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try to reassure angry journalists that News International that they

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still have his support in what is being called the biggest rebellion

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by staff he has ever faced, we ask if problems in his new cake -- UK

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news empire could plummet -- damages global interest. Tension

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still lurk behind the smiles and handshakes at this summit. Italian

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police seized fake US Treasury bonds with a value equal to almost

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:00:54.:00:57.

half the entire US national debt. Also coming up: give me a kiss.

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Meet the sea lion who is helping scientists find out why her kind

:01:01.:01:11.
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He opened up music to a new audience. Now the magic of Leonard

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Bernstein's "Concerts for Young People" is revived for a new

:01:15.:01:25.
:01:25.:01:36.

Rupert Murdoch, the owner of Britain's biggest-selling newspaper,

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the Sun, has been trying to reassure worried staff that they

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have his support. His news empire as a whole has been rocked by the

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phone hacking scandal in the UK. In the past few days, 10 of the Sun

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newspaper's current journalists have been arrested in relation to

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alleged payments to corrupt A tabloid newspaper might have

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called it Rupert's red top rescue. Mr Murdoch landed late last night

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in Britain, the troublesome at Post Office global media empire. He had

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had a night to consider how to boost morale at the Sun newspaper,

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and by this morning News crews were waiting for him, besieging the

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entrances of his headquarters. Rupert Murdoch was driven into the

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building at speed to avoid them. He must have known what to expect, the

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hacks were hacked off with Rupert Murdoch. Nine senior Sun newspaper

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journalists, past and present, have been arrested and information has

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been passed to the police by a committee set up by News

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Corporation. So perhaps to boost morale, before said -- stepping

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into the newsroom, Rupert Murdoch gave staff to pieces of news.

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Firstly, arrested staff suspended would be able to return to work,

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and secondly, a new son on Sunday would be published soon. He also

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The journalists union said that would not placate staff. They feel

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completely and utterly betrayed. They feel as though they have been

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thrown to the wards, that this is a company who is set on placating the

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anger and growing hostility amongst the American investors and that

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this is another cynical act of damage limitation in precisely the

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same way the closure of the News of the world was. Rupert Murdoch's e-

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mail played on his 43 year history with the sun, the paper that

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brought him into the media market I am not surprised about launching

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the new Sunday title. I don't think there was every question of what

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had been discovered so far of the Sun newspaper being closed in that

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dramatic way. But a seven-day Sun newspaper brought this reaction

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from one phone hacking victim. is ludicrously premature, deeply

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cynical, and News International themselves say they are trying to

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drain the swamp. I do not see how this one can bring forth a new

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creature we want to see. Rupert Murdoch may be gripping the issues,

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but with protests, angry staff and a circling police investigation,

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his tabloid troubles are not over I am joined here by the commentator

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and journalist Steve Hewlett, who saw briefly. Has he managed to pull

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it off, Rupert Murdoch? It is a pretty bold move. You could say

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there is life in the old dog yet. He looks like he has gained control

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but there are two things which are separate. The seven-day son, in a

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way that is not really a surprise given that there staff were worried

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about the News of the World style event, that they would find him

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closing the paper down. He is saying he is committed to the paper

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and that he is with us and has been for 40 odd years and we will have a

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new title soon, he made them feel better. The other thing is this. If

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you what Rupert Murdoch and you think you want to own the paper

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forever or whether you what the News Corp investor, so it is

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because they can, it doesn't matter. Either way the Sunday son is no bad

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thing to do. It could blow up in his face. Yes, but the likelihood

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is it will succeed well enough. would expect him to put some

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distance between his global empire and the scandal that has been

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engulfing his newspapers in the UK. He has to give something to both.

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Do you think he has managed this? If the managing Standards Committee,

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which is causing the other problem, which is about handing over

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information to the police because there is evidence that payments may

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have been made to public officials, that was causing ructions at the

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beginning of the week. The Sunday title is slightly separate. The

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thing causing trouble was that journalists felt they were thrown

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to the walls and in order to clean house in the way he Hasted,

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remember it goes back to the News of the world and the company's

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abject failure to deal with the disgraced or goings on and the

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cover-up that followed. In order to clean house as thoroughly as he

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appears to need to defend his own reputation and that of the company

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in the US, that is why the management standards committee a

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handing everything they find to the police. Murdoch clearly has an

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emotional attachment to his newspapers in the UK, but as part

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of his corporation, it is a tiny part. But could problems here

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affect the global empire? If he is seen not to clean house folly, of

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course it could. If there is evidence that the company was

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involved in corrupt practices then there is the corrupt practices Act

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in the USA which may or may not apply here. The main thing is that

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the journalists feel that with the way they are being treated, it is a

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consequence to the fact that Rupert Murdoch has to protect his own

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interests and reputation first, and the Sunday son might not solve that

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problem. To how the mighty have fallen. Prime ministers used to

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seek his advice and he was invited all these official functions and it

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is quite a spectacular fall. That is true. He is still running News

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Corporation. News Corporation investors, lots of the analysts

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would say, strategically, newspaper are ink and paper in the digital

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age, so get rid of them. The stink coming out of Wapping is likely to

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go across the Atlantic and made things difficult. In terms of News

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Corporation, aged only really Rupert he wants to keep the

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newspapers. The Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has spoken out

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against what he described as foreign interference in the affairs

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of Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Mr Ahmadinejad made his comments at

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the end of a summit in the Pakistani capital, Islamabad, in

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which the presidents of the three countries discussed security, trade

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and smuggling. All three leaders stressed the need for regional co-

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operation but their summit was marred by a row between Afghanistan

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and Pakistan over peace talks with the Taliban. From Islamabad, Aleem

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If there is to be peace in Afghanistan, Pakistan has to be

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onside. Public messages show there is now harmony, but behind the

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scenes, Afghan delegates at the summit say their President argued

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with his Pakistani counterpart telling him that Islamabad was not

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doing enough to push forward reconciliation with the Taliban.

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The Pakistanis insists that as much as possible they will do whatever

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President Karzai asks. Let him tell whoever he wants, the way he wants,

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but if you are asking us to get a particular group around the table

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it will not be possible for Pakistan. If we were that

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influential with the Taliban there would be no terrorism in Pakistan.

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But the summit was ultimately dominated by this man. President

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Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, clearly relishing another opportunity to

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speak on an international platform. He talked of the determination in

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the West to control and suppress the region and said it was foreign

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interference that had caused all the problems here. He said that

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Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran had He got the photo opportunity he

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wanted as well. With American's two allies in the region. Here in

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Pakistan there is undoubtedly support for Iran in its nuclear

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endeavours. What we are supporting is the right to pursue a nuclear

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strategy, which they say is a peaceful one. America is a nuclear

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power, so yes, if you have more nuclear powers in the world it will

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balance it in a way. At a time when Washington is trying to persuade

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other countries to put more pressure on to a romp over its

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nuclear programme, Pakistan has just agreed to go ahead with a deal

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to buy billions of dollars worth of gas from Iran. That, and today's

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show of brotherly affection, will have made many in the West very

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:10:59.:11:02.

Now a look at some of the days other news: Germany's President

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Christian Wulff has resigned after prosecutors called for his immunity

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to be lifted. He'd become embroiled in a scandal over a home loan he

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had accepted before being appointed head of state. Mr Wulff denies any

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wrongdoing. A bomb attack in north-west

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Pakistan has killed at least 21 people. The explosion happened in

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the town of Parachinar, near the Afghan border. Local officials said

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the blast was caused by a suicide bomber targeting Shia Muslims.

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Libyans are celebrating the first anniversary of the start of the

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revolution that toppled Muammar Gaddafi. The main festivities are

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in the central square in Benghazi, where the uprising began. Thousands

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have gathered there, with mothers holding pictures of their sons who

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died in the fighting. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron and

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the French President, Nicolas Sarkozy agreed deals to work more

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closely on military operations and civil nuclear power. Their

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relationship had come under scrutiny after the UK refused to

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join a European fiscal pact. But Mr Cameron said they had an

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"incredibly strong relationship Police in Italy say they have

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seized fake US Treasury bonds worth six trillion dollars, a value equal

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to almost half the entire US national debt. Police say the bonds

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were hidden in forced compartments of three safety deposit boxes in

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the Swiss city of Zurich. Let's get more on this story from Allan

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Johnston. Tell us more about this. It is a fantastic amount of fake

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bonds. It is indeed, and it all began in a much smaller way, down

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in the far south of Italy, where police were investigating a mafia

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group thought to be interested in loan sharking. But then a raid on a

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suspect's house revealed American fake Treasury bonds and it was

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realised that this was a gang with ambitions very much grander than

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just loan sharking in southern Italy. An inquiry followed, across

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several countries, and one year on that we hear today that this

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seizure of a staggering six trillion dollars worth of fake US

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bonds has been made by police in Switzerland, acting on information

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from phone-tapping performed by the Italian police. The raid was

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carried out in January, and today we heard news of arrests in Italy.

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Several in various parts of the country. Is this an Italian

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operation or was it an international one? Do we have an

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idea who was arrested? Very much an Italian operation. It began here,

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and all of the arrests have been made here. But it is international

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in scope. We understand that the chests full of Treasury bonds began

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their journey in Hong Kong in 2007 and were shipped to Europe and then

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unearthed in the raid in Zurich by the Swiss police last month. Allen,

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:14:14.:14:15.

Police in southern Greece are hunting for two armed robbers who

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stole around 60 artifacts from the museum in the town of Olympiad. It

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is the second major museum theft. The Greek culture minister has

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offered his resignation. Two men entered the museum. They

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asked a female employee for various ancient objects. She refused, she

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was tied up, and the men started to smash glass cabinets. This raises

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immense questions about museums security in Greece, because around

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one month ago, the National Gallery was also Birkle. Paintings were

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stolen in the early hours of the morning. -- was also burgled. There

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are questions about other elements here, security in museums, housing

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:15:25.:15:26.

some important treasures. A top Chinese official is visiting

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Syria as the violent crackdown against opposition groups continues.

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It is not known what message the Chinese envoy has far President

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Assad, but the country voted against a UN resolution calling for

:15:40.:15:50.
:15:50.:15:53.

him to step down. Demonstrations after Friday prayers.

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Activists say security forces opened fire, killing several

:15:56.:16:06.
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protesters, wounding others. In the far north, there were shooting.

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That was an upturn that has not yet been fully caught up in the revolt.

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Activists released footage of killings in the east. Similar

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scenes were reported in many other places. In the centre of the

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country, tanks were firing at short range.

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Parts of the city have been battered like this for nearly two

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weeks, as security forces tried to dislodge hundreds of armed rebels.

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Activists say these 15 men were captured near the northern border

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with Turkey, and some executed. Such claims cannot be verified but

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the pictures would be difficult to fake. The passing of the resolution

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at the UN General Assembly is not affecting results on the ground.

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Russia and China voted against it, saying they want a Syrian solution,

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not regime change. I will work with the international community and

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play a positive role in appropriately resolving the issues

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:17:26.:17:30.

of Syria. The Chinese deputy minister is in Damascus.

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The chances of successful mediation right now seem very slight. Arab

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powers will meet in Tunisia next week. They what the regime to call.

:17:44.:17:51.

Two days after that, surreal will go ahead with a referendum on a new

:17:51.:17:58.

constitution. There is no dialogue except on the battlefield.

:17:58.:18:02.

The vice-president of south Sudan, Riek Machar, has been speaking

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exclusively to the BBC. He says his country will survive despite the

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fact it has stopped its oil production. South Sudan separated

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from Sudan last year, but they have never agreed on fees for the

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pipelines. Oil provides 90 % of revenue. Riek Machar said he had no

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concerns about how they would cope without it. We have now decided to

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build new pipelines, as opposed to the pipeline going through Sudan,

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and we hope within 30 months, the oil revenue will flower again.

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talk about 30 months, where you find the money? Oil reserves.

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:19:10.:19:10.

big enough to cover that? -- are the big enough? We will see, we

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:19:20.:19:23.

have other revenue sources. Will you be to get loans? -- need.

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need loans, it will be for development budgets. For building

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alternative pipelines. To conduct the normal business, provide

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business services, we will need that. Sudan's president has said

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the crisis with oil has brought these countries close to war? Do

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you share that analysis? I do not share that, there is no reason for

:19:59.:20:09.
:20:09.:20:10.

the two countries to go to war. The oil is our resource, if we feel

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that we are not getting a good deal, we have a right to shut it down.

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When they provide a good deal we will talk. There is no reason for

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war. South Sudan's vice president, Riek Machar. For sea-lions, it is

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the ultimate in self-help. The mammals themselves have been

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trained to take part in a scientific experiment to find out

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why the species is dying out. Scientists in Vancouver have

:20:42.:20:52.
:20:52.:20:56.

strapped cameras and tracking equipment onto them.

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The sea lion is not ordinary. Not just a performing seal, the first

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the line in the world to be top voice commands and hand signals to

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work with scientists. -- first sea lion. We spend a lot of time with

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the animals and it is really important for the bond of trust.

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Her kind are dying out, nobody knows why. To find out, Canadian

:21:30.:21:34.

researchers have fitted her and 300 other sea lions with tracking

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equipment and cameras. She seems happy to help. She is taken on her

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own personal speedboat. The icy waters are more or mild here. It is

:21:49.:21:54.

the perfect place to study how she hunts for food. They will put her

:21:54.:21:58.

to the test. Using this equipment, researchers hope to learn more

:21:59.:22:08.
:22:09.:22:09.

about what happens when she dies. - - dives. She finds her way into an

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enclosure underneath the platform. She goes to the bottom of the water,

:22:18.:22:27.

then the measure precisely the energy she uses. They discovered it

:22:27.:22:31.

is much harder for her to hunt near the surface, a clue as to why her

:22:31.:22:38.

kind are dying out. To understand their daily lives you need to spend

:22:38.:22:43.

24 hours a day with them. You need to find out what times of the year

:22:43.:22:52.

are critical, how they do them. We're getting into their heads.

:22:52.:22:56.

the first time, researchers are looking at the world through the

:22:56.:23:00.

eyes of sea-lions. They will see if they can reverse the decline of

:23:00.:23:08.

these magnificent creatures. Leonard Bernstein was one of the

:23:08.:23:12.

greatest musical figures of the 20th century. He composed hit

:23:12.:23:17.

musicals and many symphonies. He also worked with the world's top

:23:17.:23:22.

orchestras including the New York Philharmonic, and made a TV series

:23:22.:23:24.

with them called Concerts for Young People. That tradition is being

:23:24.:23:34.
:23:34.:23:36.

revived by a his data. -- by his daughter. She told us how her

:23:36.:23:41.

father brought music the young people. Most pop tunes fit Apache

:23:41.:23:45.

and strictly. The only difference is that usually the first section

:23:45.:23:53.

is repeated right away it before at the next section comes. In the

:23:53.:23:56.

beginning they were alive, black and white, there were no telly

:23:56.:24:04.

proctors, so my father had to memorise his script. He would have

:24:04.:24:08.

little notes hidden in the piano. They would remind him where he was.

:24:08.:24:15.

Basically, he was doing it off the top of his head. Firstly there is

:24:15.:24:25.
:24:25.:24:29.

the first section. # I give her all my love. #. That was my father's

:24:29.:24:34.

genius, he made his music accessible, music that people might

:24:34.:24:41.

find daunting, it difficult. When he talked about it he just made it

:24:41.:24:51.
:24:51.:24:56.

regular and unthreatening. # You'd love her too. That is the first

:24:56.:25:01.

section. One of the ground-breaking elements

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in these televised concerts was my father made it very clear he did

:25:04.:25:09.

not make value judgements between one genre of music and another, as

:25:09.:25:19.
:25:19.:25:19.

long as music was good, delicious. My 14-year-old doctor mac happen to

:25:19.:25:26.

ask me why certain Beatles song had such funny harmony. I explained

:25:26.:25:36.
:25:36.:25:36.

that it was a model. -- modal. People were very rigid about

:25:36.:25:40.

compartmentalise in music, some people thought pop-music --

:25:40.:25:44.

classical music was worthy, but did not think highly of rock and roll.

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Looking back on it, we feel like we were the guinea pigs for young

:25:49.:25:56.

people. He would try out the material for us, and in the course

:25:56.:26:03.

of our conversations he would come up with the script. We would be in

:26:03.:26:13.
:26:13.:26:23.

the car talking about modes. would tell us what a Maude was. The

:26:23.:26:28.

next concert would be about modes. When he got to mix a Lydian, he

:26:28.:26:38.
:26:38.:26:41.

would go to the piano. -- Mixolydian. # You really got me

:26:41.:26:49.

now... # That was Leonard Bernstein, and

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:26:59.

that is all. Now the weather.

:26:59.:27:06.

Good evening. It has been a mild Good evening. It has been a mild

:27:06.:27:10.

week. It will be noticeably colder. Temperatures will drop away, there

:27:10.:27:15.

will be some snow showers in the north. The wind will strengthen

:27:15.:27:19.

overnight, blowing and band of rain said these words across the UK.

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Then sunshine and colder weather will follow. Some wintry showers in

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the north. The afternoon looks bright and sunny in the North of

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England, but it will feel colder. The last of the Mile there is in

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the south-east of England during the afternoon but it looked like it

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could be wet by then. -- the milder here. The temperatures will really

:27:43.:27:49.

drop in the afternoon, apart from some late sunshine. A bright and

:27:49.:27:58.

sunny picture in Wales, across the Irish Sea, some showers. We will

:27:58.:28:02.

find some snow at lower levels in Scotland, could well have blizzards

:28:02.:28:10.

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