17/02/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. Rupert Murdoch flies into London to


try to reassure angry journalists that News International that they


still have his support in what is being called the biggest rebellion


by staff he has ever faced, we ask if problems in his new cake -- UK


news empire could plummet -- damages global interest. Tension


still lurk behind the smiles and handshakes at this summit. Italian


police seized fake US Treasury bonds with a value equal to almost


half the entire US national debt. Also coming up: give me a kiss.


Meet the sea lion who is helping scientists find out why her kind


He opened up music to a new audience. Now the magic of Leonard


Bernstein's "Concerts for Young People" is revived for a new


Rupert Murdoch, the owner of Britain's biggest-selling newspaper,


the Sun, has been trying to reassure worried staff that they


have his support. His news empire as a whole has been rocked by the


phone hacking scandal in the UK. In the past few days, 10 of the Sun


newspaper's current journalists have been arrested in relation to


alleged payments to corrupt A tabloid newspaper might have


called it Rupert's red top rescue. Mr Murdoch landed late last night


in Britain, the troublesome at Post Office global media empire. He had


had a night to consider how to boost morale at the Sun newspaper,


and by this morning News crews were waiting for him, besieging the


entrances of his headquarters. Rupert Murdoch was driven into the


building at speed to avoid them. He must have known what to expect, the


hacks were hacked off with Rupert Murdoch. Nine senior Sun newspaper


journalists, past and present, have been arrested and information has


been passed to the police by a committee set up by News


Corporation. So perhaps to boost morale, before said -- stepping


into the newsroom, Rupert Murdoch gave staff to pieces of news.


Firstly, arrested staff suspended would be able to return to work,


and secondly, a new son on Sunday would be published soon. He also


The journalists union said that would not placate staff. They feel


completely and utterly betrayed. They feel as though they have been


thrown to the wards, that this is a company who is set on placating the


anger and growing hostility amongst the American investors and that


this is another cynical act of damage limitation in precisely the


same way the closure of the News of the world was. Rupert Murdoch's e-


mail played on his 43 year history with the sun, the paper that


brought him into the media market I am not surprised about launching


the new Sunday title. I don't think there was every question of what


had been discovered so far of the Sun newspaper being closed in that


dramatic way. But a seven-day Sun newspaper brought this reaction


from one phone hacking victim. is ludicrously premature, deeply


cynical, and News International themselves say they are trying to


drain the swamp. I do not see how this one can bring forth a new


creature we want to see. Rupert Murdoch may be gripping the issues,


but with protests, angry staff and a circling police investigation,


his tabloid troubles are not over I am joined here by the commentator


and journalist Steve Hewlett, who saw briefly. Has he managed to pull


it off, Rupert Murdoch? It is a pretty bold move. You could say


there is life in the old dog yet. He looks like he has gained control


but there are two things which are separate. The seven-day son, in a


way that is not really a surprise given that there staff were worried


about the News of the World style event, that they would find him


closing the paper down. He is saying he is committed to the paper


and that he is with us and has been for 40 odd years and we will have a


new title soon, he made them feel better. The other thing is this. If


you what Rupert Murdoch and you think you want to own the paper


forever or whether you what the News Corp investor, so it is


because they can, it doesn't matter. Either way the Sunday son is no bad


thing to do. It could blow up in his face. Yes, but the likelihood


is it will succeed well enough. would expect him to put some


distance between his global empire and the scandal that has been


engulfing his newspapers in the UK. He has to give something to both.


Do you think he has managed this? If the managing Standards Committee,


which is causing the other problem, which is about handing over


information to the police because there is evidence that payments may


have been made to public officials, that was causing ructions at the


beginning of the week. The Sunday title is slightly separate. The


thing causing trouble was that journalists felt they were thrown


to the walls and in order to clean house in the way he Hasted,


remember it goes back to the News of the world and the company's


abject failure to deal with the disgraced or goings on and the


cover-up that followed. In order to clean house as thoroughly as he


appears to need to defend his own reputation and that of the company


in the US, that is why the management standards committee a


handing everything they find to the police. Murdoch clearly has an


emotional attachment to his newspapers in the UK, but as part


of his corporation, it is a tiny part. But could problems here


affect the global empire? If he is seen not to clean house folly, of


course it could. If there is evidence that the company was


involved in corrupt practices then there is the corrupt practices Act


in the USA which may or may not apply here. The main thing is that


the journalists feel that with the way they are being treated, it is a


consequence to the fact that Rupert Murdoch has to protect his own


interests and reputation first, and the Sunday son might not solve that


problem. To how the mighty have fallen. Prime ministers used to


seek his advice and he was invited all these official functions and it


is quite a spectacular fall. That is true. He is still running News


Corporation. News Corporation investors, lots of the analysts


would say, strategically, newspaper are ink and paper in the digital


age, so get rid of them. The stink coming out of Wapping is likely to


go across the Atlantic and made things difficult. In terms of News


Corporation, aged only really Rupert he wants to keep the


newspapers. The Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has spoken out


against what he described as foreign interference in the affairs


of Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Mr Ahmadinejad made his comments at


the end of a summit in the Pakistani capital, Islamabad, in


which the presidents of the three countries discussed security, trade


and smuggling. All three leaders stressed the need for regional co-


operation but their summit was marred by a row between Afghanistan


and Pakistan over peace talks with the Taliban. From Islamabad, Aleem


If there is to be peace in Afghanistan, Pakistan has to be


onside. Public messages show there is now harmony, but behind the


scenes, Afghan delegates at the summit say their President argued


with his Pakistani counterpart telling him that Islamabad was not


doing enough to push forward reconciliation with the Taliban.


The Pakistanis insists that as much as possible they will do whatever


President Karzai asks. Let him tell whoever he wants, the way he wants,


but if you are asking us to get a particular group around the table


it will not be possible for Pakistan. If we were that


influential with the Taliban there would be no terrorism in Pakistan.


But the summit was ultimately dominated by this man. President


Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, clearly relishing another opportunity to


speak on an international platform. He talked of the determination in


the West to control and suppress the region and said it was foreign


interference that had caused all the problems here. He said that


Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran had He got the photo opportunity he


wanted as well. With American's two allies in the region. Here in


Pakistan there is undoubtedly support for Iran in its nuclear


endeavours. What we are supporting is the right to pursue a nuclear


strategy, which they say is a peaceful one. America is a nuclear


power, so yes, if you have more nuclear powers in the world it will


balance it in a way. At a time when Washington is trying to persuade


other countries to put more pressure on to a romp over its


nuclear programme, Pakistan has just agreed to go ahead with a deal


to buy billions of dollars worth of gas from Iran. That, and today's


show of brotherly affection, will have made many in the West very


Now a look at some of the days other news: Germany's President


Christian Wulff has resigned after prosecutors called for his immunity


to be lifted. He'd become embroiled in a scandal over a home loan he


had accepted before being appointed head of state. Mr Wulff denies any


wrongdoing. A bomb attack in north-west


Pakistan has killed at least 21 people. The explosion happened in


the town of Parachinar, near the Afghan border. Local officials said


the blast was caused by a suicide bomber targeting Shia Muslims.


Libyans are celebrating the first anniversary of the start of the


revolution that toppled Muammar Gaddafi. The main festivities are


in the central square in Benghazi, where the uprising began. Thousands


have gathered there, with mothers holding pictures of their sons who


died in the fighting. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron and


the French President, Nicolas Sarkozy agreed deals to work more


closely on military operations and civil nuclear power. Their


relationship had come under scrutiny after the UK refused to


join a European fiscal pact. But Mr Cameron said they had an


"incredibly strong relationship Police in Italy say they have


seized fake US Treasury bonds worth six trillion dollars, a value equal


to almost half the entire US national debt. Police say the bonds


were hidden in forced compartments of three safety deposit boxes in


the Swiss city of Zurich. Let's get more on this story from Allan


Johnston. Tell us more about this. It is a fantastic amount of fake


bonds. It is indeed, and it all began in a much smaller way, down


in the far south of Italy, where police were investigating a mafia


group thought to be interested in loan sharking. But then a raid on a


suspect's house revealed American fake Treasury bonds and it was


realised that this was a gang with ambitions very much grander than


just loan sharking in southern Italy. An inquiry followed, across


several countries, and one year on that we hear today that this


seizure of a staggering six trillion dollars worth of fake US


bonds has been made by police in Switzerland, acting on information


from phone-tapping performed by the Italian police. The raid was


carried out in January, and today we heard news of arrests in Italy.


Several in various parts of the country. Is this an Italian


operation or was it an international one? Do we have an


idea who was arrested? Very much an Italian operation. It began here,


and all of the arrests have been made here. But it is international


in scope. We understand that the chests full of Treasury bonds began


their journey in Hong Kong in 2007 and were shipped to Europe and then


unearthed in the raid in Zurich by the Swiss police last month. Allen,


Police in southern Greece are hunting for two armed robbers who


stole around 60 artifacts from the museum in the town of Olympiad. It


is the second major museum theft. The Greek culture minister has


offered his resignation. Two men entered the museum. They


asked a female employee for various ancient objects. She refused, she


was tied up, and the men started to smash glass cabinets. This raises


immense questions about museums security in Greece, because around


one month ago, the National Gallery was also Birkle. Paintings were


stolen in the early hours of the morning. -- was also burgled. There


are questions about other elements here, security in museums, housing


some important treasures. A top Chinese official is visiting


Syria as the violent crackdown against opposition groups continues.


It is not known what message the Chinese envoy has far President


Assad, but the country voted against a UN resolution calling for


him to step down. Demonstrations after Friday prayers.


Activists say security forces opened fire, killing several


protesters, wounding others. In the far north, there were shooting.


That was an upturn that has not yet been fully caught up in the revolt.


Activists released footage of killings in the east. Similar


scenes were reported in many other places. In the centre of the


country, tanks were firing at short range.


Parts of the city have been battered like this for nearly two


weeks, as security forces tried to dislodge hundreds of armed rebels.


Activists say these 15 men were captured near the northern border


with Turkey, and some executed. Such claims cannot be verified but


the pictures would be difficult to fake. The passing of the resolution


at the UN General Assembly is not affecting results on the ground.


Russia and China voted against it, saying they want a Syrian solution,


not regime change. I will work with the international community and


play a positive role in appropriately resolving the issues


of Syria. The Chinese deputy minister is in Damascus.


The chances of successful mediation right now seem very slight. Arab


powers will meet in Tunisia next week. They what the regime to call.


Two days after that, surreal will go ahead with a referendum on a new


constitution. There is no dialogue except on the battlefield.


The vice-president of south Sudan, Riek Machar, has been speaking


exclusively to the BBC. He says his country will survive despite the


fact it has stopped its oil production. South Sudan separated


from Sudan last year, but they have never agreed on fees for the


pipelines. Oil provides 90 % of revenue. Riek Machar said he had no


concerns about how they would cope without it. We have now decided to


build new pipelines, as opposed to the pipeline going through Sudan,


and we hope within 30 months, the oil revenue will flower again.


talk about 30 months, where you find the money? Oil reserves.


big enough to cover that? -- are the big enough? We will see, we


have other revenue sources. Will you be to get loans? -- need.


need loans, it will be for development budgets. For building


alternative pipelines. To conduct the normal business, provide


business services, we will need that. Sudan's president has said


the crisis with oil has brought these countries close to war? Do


you share that analysis? I do not share that, there is no reason for


the two countries to go to war. The oil is our resource, if we feel


that we are not getting a good deal, we have a right to shut it down.


When they provide a good deal we will talk. There is no reason for


war. South Sudan's vice president, Riek Machar. For sea-lions, it is


the ultimate in self-help. The mammals themselves have been


trained to take part in a scientific experiment to find out


why the species is dying out. Scientists in Vancouver have


strapped cameras and tracking equipment onto them.


The sea lion is not ordinary. Not just a performing seal, the first


the line in the world to be top voice commands and hand signals to


work with scientists. -- first sea lion. We spend a lot of time with


the animals and it is really important for the bond of trust.


Her kind are dying out, nobody knows why. To find out, Canadian


researchers have fitted her and 300 other sea lions with tracking


equipment and cameras. She seems happy to help. She is taken on her


own personal speedboat. The icy waters are more or mild here. It is


the perfect place to study how she hunts for food. They will put her


to the test. Using this equipment, researchers hope to learn more


about what happens when she dies. - - dives. She finds her way into an


enclosure underneath the platform. She goes to the bottom of the water,


then the measure precisely the energy she uses. They discovered it


is much harder for her to hunt near the surface, a clue as to why her


kind are dying out. To understand their daily lives you need to spend


24 hours a day with them. You need to find out what times of the year


are critical, how they do them. We're getting into their heads.


the first time, researchers are looking at the world through the


eyes of sea-lions. They will see if they can reverse the decline of


these magnificent creatures. Leonard Bernstein was one of the


greatest musical figures of the 20th century. He composed hit


musicals and many symphonies. He also worked with the world's top


orchestras including the New York Philharmonic, and made a TV series


with them called Concerts for Young People. That tradition is being


revived by a his data. -- by his daughter. She told us how her


father brought music the young people. Most pop tunes fit Apache


and strictly. The only difference is that usually the first section


is repeated right away it before at the next section comes. In the


beginning they were alive, black and white, there were no telly


proctors, so my father had to memorise his script. He would have


little notes hidden in the piano. They would remind him where he was.


Basically, he was doing it off the top of his head. Firstly there is


the first section. # I give her all my love. #. That was my father's


genius, he made his music accessible, music that people might


find daunting, it difficult. When he talked about it he just made it


regular and unthreatening. # You'd love her too. That is the first


section. One of the ground-breaking elements


in these televised concerts was my father made it very clear he did


not make value judgements between one genre of music and another, as


long as music was good, delicious. My 14-year-old doctor mac happen to


ask me why certain Beatles song had such funny harmony. I explained


that it was a model. -- modal. People were very rigid about


compartmentalise in music, some people thought pop-music --


classical music was worthy, but did not think highly of rock and roll.


Looking back on it, we feel like we were the guinea pigs for young


people. He would try out the material for us, and in the course


of our conversations he would come up with the script. We would be in


the car talking about modes. would tell us what a Maude was. The


next concert would be about modes. When he got to mix a Lydian, he


would go to the piano. -- Mixolydian. # You really got me


now... # That was Leonard Bernstein, and


that is all. Now the weather.


Good evening. It has been a mild Good evening. It has been a mild


week. It will be noticeably colder. Temperatures will drop away, there


will be some snow showers in the north. The wind will strengthen


overnight, blowing and band of rain said these words across the UK.


Then sunshine and colder weather will follow. Some wintry showers in


the north. The afternoon looks bright and sunny in the North of


England, but it will feel colder. The last of the Mile there is in


the south-east of England during the afternoon but it looked like it


could be wet by then. -- the milder here. The temperatures will really


drop in the afternoon, apart from some late sunshine. A bright and


sunny picture in Wales, across the Irish Sea, some showers. We will


find some snow at lower levels in Scotland, could well have blizzards


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