22/02/2012 World News Today


22/02/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Two more western

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journalists are killed in Syria. The American reporter Marie Colvin

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and French photojournalist Remi Oshlik die after their building in

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Homs is shelled by government forces. This is a sad reminder of

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the risks journalists take to inform the world of what is

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happening. As Syrian forces continue to kill

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civilians with apparent impunity, what more should the international

:00:36.:00:42.

community be doing? Nearly 50 people are killed in

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Argentina after a rush-hour commuter train crashes into the

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:00:54.:00:57.

buffers in Buenos Aires. A militant group loses control of a

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key town in Somalia. Also coming up in the programme. A

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resignation and a pitch for his old job?

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Kevin Rudd stands down as Australia's Foreign Minister, and

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is widely expected to launch a leadership challenge against the

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woman who ousted him as Prime Minister.

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And spotting the warning signs of a heart attack. Are the usual

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:01:26.:01:28.

symptoms the same for women as well Hello and welcome. It has been

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another desperate day in the Syrian city of Homs with two more Western

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journalists and at least 20, potentially 80 others, killed in a

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prolonged rocket and shell attack. Award-winning Marie Colvin, a

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veteran American born war correspondent for the Sunday Times

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newspaper, and French photo journalist Remi Oshlick were killed.

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Two other journalists with them were injured. Their deaths

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highlight once again the daily slaughter in Homs, with reports

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that Syrian armed forces are operating a shoot-to-kill policy on

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Today, shelling of Homs. It has been like this for every day for

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almost three weeks. Syria's regime is trying to crush the revolution.

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The district of Baba Amr is holding out, but only just. Houses have

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been reduced to rubble. This one was the base of the few foreign

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journalists here. Many people died when his building was hit. Among

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them, Marie Colvin, one of the most respected foreign correspondents of

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her generation. Before she was killed, she described an attack on

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a city full of cold and hungry civilians. It's absolutely

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sickening. Today, shelling started at 6:30am. I counted 14 shells,

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hitting just a civilian area within 30 seconds. There is a small clinic,

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you cannot even really call it a clinic, it is an apartment. I

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watched a little baby died today. Absolutely horrific. A two-year-old,

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they found the shrapnel had gone into his chest. The doctor just

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said, I cannot do anything. His stomach kept heaving until he died.

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That is happening over and over. No one here can understand how the

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international community can let this happen. The French

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photographer Remi Ochlik also died. And Rami al-Sayed. President

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Sarkozy said the journalist's best shows that the Syrian regime should

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go. William Hague said it was a terrible reminder of the suffering

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of the Syrian people. But the bombardment of Homs is relentless.

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The International Committee of the Red Cross has called for a

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humanitarian ceasefire, all victims of this conflict. There is growing

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international support for this demand. There are two fighters in

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Homs. They have only Kalashnikovs against the military's artillery.

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Western governments say they will not arm the rebels, though that may

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change. Syria's border with Lebanon. A few refugees have made it out.

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Many more can be expected, as the violence escalates. The

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international community has often seemed paralysed over Syria. The

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demand for a ceasefire may attract support, but even those nations

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that -- may attract support, even from those nations that back Syria.

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Today, Britain's Prime Minister led tributes to Marie Colvin, a

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journalist who won numerous awards for her work. For two decades, she

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reported from the world's most dangerous places. From Sierra Leone

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to Chechnya, she drew attention to the plight of civilians caught in

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conflict. Fergal Keane has this report.

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Marie Colvin was a rare kind of correspondent. Brave under fire,

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but defined above all by her humanity. Among those paying

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tribute today was the prime minister. Members of the House will

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have seen reports that the talented and respected foreign correspondent

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of the Sunday Times, Marie Colvin, has been killed in Syria. This is a

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sad reminder of the risks journalists take to win from the

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world of what is happening, and the dreadful events in Syria. Our

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thoughts should be with her family and friends. Marie Colvin was an

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American who made her name working for the Sunday Times. A statement

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Marie Colvin made a specialism of reporting in the Middle-East. She

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covered most of the major conflicts of the last 30 years. She narrowly

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escaped death in 2001 insure Lanka, where she was badly wounded. -- in

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Sri Lanka. If you cover a war, you weigh up the risks. I lost my sight

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in my left eye. Without taking that risk, there was no way to go.

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to see. Jeremy Bowen. Mary Calvin. She was a Mollet small group last

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year to interview Colonel Gaddafi. Her editor recalled a singularly

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determined reporter. She believed she was a witness there to report

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things, and she believed in getting into places where no other people

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could go, and she would stay there and reported, and try and make a

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difference. Tonight, candles were lit in her memory at St Bride's,

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the journalist church in London. Her devotion to the human story of

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war. Jean-Pierre Perrin is a journalist

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with the French newspaper Liberation who spent five days with

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Marie Colvin and left Homs on Sunday. He went to Beirut, from

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where we can speak to him now. You both left initially, but Marie

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Colvin went back. Did she know the danger she was putting herself in?

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Of course she knew perfectly. It is not the most dangerous places in

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the world. -- it is one of the most dangerous places in the world. At

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one time, I felt really exhausted, and she gave me support. She told

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me to do my best and go on. It was very hard. The thing how would like

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to say also is, we had been told to leave immediately Homs. That was on

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Friday or Saturday. We were told to look very quickly, in the night.

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She was with May at the time. -- with me. She decided to come back.

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Did you get the sense, and have you any proof, that Syrian forces are

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targeting foreign media in Homs at the moment? What I can say is that

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the centre has been targeted several times. We can see that very

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:09:54.:09:54.

easily. Part of the building has been already reached. The family

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that was living at the top of the centre was obliged to leave the

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building. This house has also been targeted by a new shell. It is a

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very obvious thing. Thank you very much indeed.

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From Cairo, we are joined by Robert Mahoney, deputy Director of

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Committee to Protect Journalists. What does this tell you about the

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risks to journalists it press centres are being deliberately

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targeted? It is very disturbing if that is correct. We have seen

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reports that the press centre abort deliberately targeted, although

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there has been no evidence -- the press centre was deliberately

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targeted. Going into a city like this was very dangerous. Marie was

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very courageous. On the target in, some reports are suggesting that

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Lebanese intelligence have intercepted radio comic -- radio

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communication between Syrian troops, talking about all means necessary

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to take out the international press. If that is the case, what should

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the international community be doing? If that is the case,

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journalists and civilians are protected under the Geneva

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conventions under normal international law, and should not

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be targeted. Therefore, that must be documented. If there is proof,

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it is a war crime, and if it is proven to be a crime, those who

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:12:15.:12:19.

committed it must be held to account. Thank you very much.

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Ed Vulliamy is a journalist at the Observer who knew Marie Colvin, and

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he joins me now here in the studio. We all know the risks, and the

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risks we are prepared to take. Is as something Marie Colvin knew?

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This is a sickening sorrow. It is becoming horribly familiar. I knew

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marine well. She was at the Sunday Times and I was at the Observer. I

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think it was around the first time in Iraq, I met her in Iraq, and I

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think there is an assumption that you can plan a wall, but there are

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rules. They are as different from each other as can be. It reminds me

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a little bit of the situation in Bosnia. Journalists were targeted

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as well as civilians. Out their stories, his Homs to a dangerous

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for the international media to cover at the moment? This is a

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terrible dilemma. When people say, is it safe to go to Mexico to cover

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the drug war, though, it is not. Is it safe to go to Homs? No,

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absolutely not. The terrible dilemma is, their wrath financial

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pressures on news organisations -- there are financial pressures. We

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do need people with the experience, people who can look at these

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conflicts through different lenses. We cannot plan that experience, as

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we have found out today. And very briefly, lock will run out? Yes. It

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is all the talk. Thank you very much.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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Five people are known to have been killed and dozens wounded in

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protests in Afghanistan over what NATO said was the inadvertent

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burning of copies of the Koran by its troops. Protesters chanted

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"death to America", smashed windows and burned tyres. US officials have

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:15:11.:15:11.

apologised for the incident at the Bagram military base. The judge in

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the trial of the former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak has said he

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will deliver his verdict on June the 2nd. The former president,

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along with other officials, is accused of being responsible for

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the deaths of hundreds of protesters during the uprising last

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year. Divers working on the wreck of the

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cruise ship the Costa Concordia off the Italian coast have found eight

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more bodies inside. Italian prosecutors say they have placed

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another seven people under investigation, in addition to the

:15:31.:15:41.
:15:41.:15:43.

At least 49 people have been killed in a train accident in when his

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diaries, hundreds more were injured. Latest reports say that the train

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failed to stop at the barrier at the end of the platform. Dozens of

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people remain trapped inside. Let's get the latest from a bonus arias.

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What is the latest you're getting in terms of casualties and how many

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people are trapped? All of the people who were trapped have been

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taken to the safety and are in hospital now. It is believed 100

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people could have been trapped. To get an idea of how difficult this

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was, the roofs of the carriages had to be lived off -- lifted off and

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people had to be taken out. They were crammed into each other as the

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train hit the barriers. Most are in hospital, but there is be concerned

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by that many of them will survive because they have critical injuries.

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It was a packed train. Was it travelling fast? What sort of

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safety record does a Argentina have? I have been speaking in the

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last hour with safety experts and they say in general, the safety of

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the rails is OK. Accidents can happen, but what they are concerned

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about is the level of investment into the lines and carriages which

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is something that is being looked out by the investigation being

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carried out. The whole area where the accident occurred is been

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cordoned off by the police. There is a judge in charge of the

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investigation, trying to determine if the company did not have a set

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the -- save the investments which led to this tragic accident. Thank

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you very much. In Somalia, a major stronghold of

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the Al-Shabaab militant group has fallen without a single shot being

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fired to government control. They have said that they will start a

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guerrilla war in response to its base there. The number of troops

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will rise from 12,000 to just under 18,000. Somalia's Prime Minister is

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in London for a major international conference been hosted by Britain

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on Thursday. Our world affairs correspondent asked him whether Al-

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Shabaab, which is linked to Al- Qaeda, had simply withdrawn.

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They left the capital city when the Somali National Army... You mean

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the Ethiopians? Yes, when they were closer to the city. They left

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because they were unable to understand the military force that

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was approaching the city. There has been some talk of possible

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airstrikes against Al-Shabaab positions. Is there something you

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would be in favour of? We favour a targeted air strike against Al-

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Qaeda in Somalia, but we also would like to state that as a government,

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the safety and the security of the lives and property of Somalis is

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important for us. We did not welcome an air strike that could

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kill innocent Somalis, but we favour targeted air strikes against

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Al-Qaeda in Somalia. Are you not concerned about the possible

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military escalation of that we could be moving towards? Of course

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not, because Al-Qaeda in Somalia or refuse to to negotiate and sit down

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with the Somalis, to have a dialogue in the peace process. We

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believe that we cannot reach a peace through violence. At the same

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time, we will not allow others to use violence. Therefore this

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organisation has been wreaking havoc in Somalia, particularly in

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the south. It has to be dealt with. It is an international menace and

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it has to be addressed internationally and globally. That

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is why Vinnie the international community to help us defeat this

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menace. Australia's governing Labour party

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is in turmoil after the resignation of Kevin Wright as foreign minister.

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He stepped down because of attacked -- attacks on his integrity. --

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Kevin it right. Julia Gillard ousted him as prime minister in

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2010. The announcement came with some

:20:18.:20:22.

unexpected drama. In the middle of the night, there was a news

:20:22.:20:26.

conference where Kevin Rudd has been on a visit. I cannot continue

:20:26.:20:33.

to serve as a foreign minister if I do not have Julia Gillard's support.

:20:33.:20:37.

I therefore believe the only honourable thing and the only

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honourable course of action this for me to resign.

:20:42.:20:46.

The resignation was not a complete surprise. The speculation has been

:20:46.:20:51.

fermenting for much of Australia's summer and has been just as stormy.

:20:51.:20:55.

But why has he done it? Many say he is still angry with the Prime

:20:55.:21:00.

Minister for taking his job in two -- in June 2010 and that he wants

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it back. Others say he does not believe that Julia Gillard can win

:21:04.:21:08.

the next there -- election for the government. Later, she get her

:21:08.:21:18.
:21:18.:21:24.

There is not much warmth between the Prime Minister and current

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bride. Both have different personal styles and backgrounds. But what

:21:28.:21:33.

this does not seem to be about is the policy differences.

:21:33.:21:37.

Kevin Wright resigning it does not necessarily mean it Kevin Raad

:21:37.:21:41.

challenging Julia Gillard. It -- if he does go for it, he has a lot of

:21:41.:21:45.

calculations to make. Does he have the numbers, what would it give the

:21:45.:21:48.

party unity, and what would Australians think of having him

:21:48.:21:53.

back as prime minister? Australia counts in many foreign

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arenas, from Afghanistan to the Pacific, from NATO to the World

:21:57.:22:02.

Bank. Who leads its government matters. As former prime minister,

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Kevin Rudd knows that. He now has to decide what he wants for himself,

:22:07.:22:15.

his party and his country. We are promised an answer by Monday.

:22:15.:22:20.

In China, Tibetans are today marking the start of their new year.

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The did they -- the Tibetan government has told Tibetans in the

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country to boycott celebrations in protest against a security

:22:30.:22:35.

crackdown. These are the pictures that China

:22:35.:22:41.

wants the world to see. Tibetans at a temple in Beijing marking the

:22:41.:22:48.

start of any year. But away from the capital, there is a mood of

:22:48.:22:52.

quiet of defiance and determination. Monks at this monastery in western

:22:52.:22:59.

China say they will not be celebrating the year in protest

:22:59.:23:03.

against the continuing crackdown. Holding a picture of the Dalai Lama,

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this monk is fearful of government reprisals. He does not want to be

:23:08.:23:14.

identified. TRANSLATION: We have no freedom, no religious freedom. We

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do not even have freedom of speech. The pressure is too great. When we

:23:19.:23:23.

protest, they opened fire. There is nothing we can do.

:23:23.:23:28.

China has launched a massive crackdown against protesters. More

:23:28.:23:33.

than 20 Tibetans have set themselves on fire in the last year.

:23:33.:23:37.

Campaign groups say hundreds of people may have been detained.

:23:37.:23:44.

China says it has tightened security as the unrest continues.

:23:44.:23:48.

TRANSLATION: Under the circumstances, the local government

:23:48.:23:53.

has tightened security measures in the Tibetan area to ensure social

:23:53.:23:57.

stability. But China does not want the world

:23:57.:24:01.

to see what is happening in its Tibetan communities. This should be

:24:01.:24:07.

a time of celebration, but instead it is a sombre affair. Many

:24:07.:24:14.

Tibetans fear of what the new year could bring.

:24:14.:24:18.

Women are suffering from heart attack may not experience the same

:24:18.:24:22.

classic chest pains that men do. That is according to a new study

:24:22.:24:26.

carried out in the United States. Researchers suggest this could can

:24:26.:24:30.

for a much higher death rate among * Women who sum up -- we suffer

:24:30.:24:34.

from heart attacks as they may not be getting the right treatment.

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When a heart attack strikes, time is vital. Delays can make the

:24:39.:24:42.

difference between life and death. But for women, especially young

:24:42.:24:47.

women, it could be more important. A woman under 55 here has a heart

:24:47.:24:51.

attack is more likely to die compared to a man in the same age.

:24:51.:24:55.

Part of the reason may lie in the different symptoms displayed by

:24:55.:24:58.

women according to researchers in the United States. Looking at

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hospital admissions, they found that there were none of the classic

:25:02.:25:07.

chest pains associated with heart attack in a 42 % of women, compared

:25:07.:25:12.

with 30 % of men. Death rates among women were higher, more than 14 %

:25:12.:25:17.

are women died compared to just over 10 % of men. BT message of

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this study is that while women, and especially young women, may not

:25:21.:25:26.

have heart attacks very often, when they do, they may not present just

:25:26.:25:29.

as we are taught in textbooks, which is chest pain. We have to be

:25:29.:25:33.

alert and vigilant and open-minded. This study adds to previous

:25:34.:25:37.

evidence that women sometimes do not have the same symptoms as men.

:25:37.:25:41.

The British Heart Foundation has already warned women to be aware

:25:41.:25:45.

that heart attacks can cause severe pain or nothing more than mild

:25:45.:25:50.

discomfort or headiness, but is as those symptoms can be overlooked by

:25:50.:25:54.

in experienced medical staff, particularly on a relatively rare

:25:54.:25:59.

occasion when a heart attacks strike a young woman.

:25:59.:26:05.

The headlines: It has been another desperate day in the serial. Two

:26:05.:26:09.

more Western journalists and 20 other civilians, some reports

:26:09.:26:14.

saying 80, have been killed in attacks. The award winning Marie

:26:14.:26:20.

Colvin and a veteran journalist, and a French journalist, Remi

:26:20.:26:24.

Oshlick, were killed. Two other journalists were injured in that

:26:24.:26:29.

attack. At least 49 people have been killed

:26:29.:26:33.

in a train accident in Argentina. Hundreds more have been injured.

:26:33.:26:38.

Latest reports say the train came into a busy station, failed to stop

:26:38.:26:42.

and hit a barrier at the end of the platform. The transport minister

:26:42.:26:45.

said the train's brakes appeared -- appeared to have failed.

:26:45.:26:55.
:26:55.:27:01.

That is it. Next, the weather. Good After a wet and windy Wednesday, it

:27:01.:27:06.

is all change for Thursday as it becomes about the temperatures. An

:27:06.:27:11.

exceptionally mild day, but it will be fairly cloudy. Not a lot of

:27:11.:27:15.

sunshine around. Through the forecast, our weather front, which

:27:15.:27:19.

brought the rain on Wednesday, moves south. There is another one

:27:19.:27:24.

moving into Scotland. Many places on Thursday will have a dry day.

:27:24.:27:28.

You can see there will be a few holes in the cloud and it is where

:27:28.:27:31.

we get the breaks that there will be some brightness and the

:27:31.:27:36.

temperatures will respond. But even if you have got the cloud, it will

:27:36.:27:43.

feel quite mild. A spring-like day if you are stepping out tomorrow,

:27:43.:27:48.

breezy from the south-west, and a touch cooler around the coast. For

:27:48.:27:51.

western areas, the cloud will be much thicker. We could even see

:27:51.:27:56.

some mist around parts of Wales. 12 degrees on the coast, but East

:27:56.:28:02.

Wales, a fairly high temperatures. The Northern Ireland, around 14

:28:02.:28:08.

degrees, but more like 12 all but - - or 13. Through the Northern

:28:08.:28:14.

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