21/02/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Greece gets a


lifeline but with numerous strings attached. Five years in recession,


life for the Greeks will get even tougher. I am relieved that we are


still in the Eurozone but I think life will get much worse.


The Red Cross calls for daily ceasefires as the bombardment of


Holmes's claims dozens more lives. -- bombardment of Homs.


We are live in Christchurch in New Zealand to mark the first


anniversary of one of the country's darkest days.


Also coming up, a reputation in tatters. Dominique Strauss-Kahn,


the former IMF boss wants front runner for the French presidency is


questioned by police over a prostitution ring.


And someone with something to smile about in austerity it Spain. But


she is not what she seems. It was the longest of nights, the


finance ministers in Brussels all getting a personal sense of the


Greek word marriage on. In the end, the Greek Prime Minister liked it,


as did the EU president, Jose Manuel grosso. Even so, the second


bail-out has been agreed, with numerous strings attached, but


cannot be implemented? -- was a Manuel Barroso. Greeks will see yet


more spending interned -- in return from the -- in return for the bail-


out. In a moment, we will see what former Prime Minister George


Papandreou mix of that. Four two years, Greece has been the


epicentre of the Eurozone crisis. Now after months of bitter argument,


the country has been granted the biggest bail-out in history. The


threat of bankruptcy has been lifted and Europe have breathed a


sigh of relief. Greece has made its choice. We now have to focus on the


next step, constructing a far wall that is large enough to prevent


contagion within the Eurozone. 12 hours, ministers and officials


argued over how to reduce Greece's debt mountain and how to prevent


the country defaulting and threatening the European economy.


But risks remain. There are downsize risks. It is not an easy


programme, it is very ambitious. The bail-out is aimed at reducing


Greek debt. Private investors have agreed to take big losses, 107


billion euros. Greece will get a loan of 130 billion euros, and the


hope is that by 2020, the debt will be down to 120% of GDP.


The deal is intended to draw a line under months of violent protest. It


period when a Greek Prime Minister was forced to stand down and an --


a period of increased hostility against Germany foreign --


insisting on more austerity. On the streets of Athens today, further


protest. There is particular anger that under the deal, the country


will have to accept permanent monitors to ensure that it lives up


to its promises. The mood, as in recent demonstrations, was fearful


and resentful. I am relieved that we are still in the Eurozone but I


think life will get much worse year. TRANSLATION: The people will be


even worse after last year. The measures will deepen the recession.


Families know that more austerity is coming in exchange for the new


bail-out. This man is a bus driver and his wages have already been cut


by 400 euros a month. Now, he is threatened with losing his job.


am afraid that I will not have enough money to buy the basics for


my children and for the family. gamble with this new bail-out is


that Greece is being asked to embrace further cuts whilst its


economy is in freefall. It does not solve the great problem because the


burden on the Greek is very high and intense. I am afraid that we


will meet again in six months' time to discuss the great situation


again. What a massive bail-out has done is to buy the Eurozone time to


strengthen its banks and to shore up the defences around of a weaker


European countries. For the moment, Greece has avoided bankruptcy but


it faces years of hardship. As we saw in that report, the


former Greek Prime Minister, George Papandreou resigned in November,


stepping aside for a government of national unity. What is his verdict


on events in Brussels? Zeinab Badawi has been speaking to him in


Athens. It is the only interview he has done. I have heard many experts


over the last few years talking about the possible outcomes and the


Domesday -- doomsayers. We will not enter the Euro one we will not a


fault. -- Exeter the Euro and we will not default. Of course, it


means we need to do hard work. But we will demand, and I use that


respectively, more respect. We have made major sacrifices. More respect


from you -- from who? International analysts. Do you think this has


engendered humiliation? I think there is pressure on Greece and


much speculation about what will happen with Greece, if Greece will


default and leave the Euro. This has been a pain in Greece, it has


contributed to the recession. People will not invest, people are


feeling that if they take their money out of the banks, they will


not consume, and this deal gives us breathing space to make these major


changes. On the question of sovereignty, and the German bashing


that we have seen here, with effigies of the Chancellor Merkel,


and the German flag being burnt, do you have sympathies with that kind


of you when you see the protesters? They say they are being controlled


by the European Union, specifically the paymaster of the EU, Berlin.


think we need more democracy and our European institutions. -- in


our European institutions. Particularly in Greece, with this


kind of programme, people think that there is ownership and the


programme, they need to feel ownership about what Europe is


doing. The moment, citizens in Europe feel this empowered. They


look to Brussels and stronger countries and they say, who is


making the decisions? I think this is a question for Europe. You can


see it from the Germans point of view, they say, why should we work


until we are 65 so that Greek train drivers can retire at 50? In order


that they have a minimum wage which when it was 700 euros, was much


higher than a lot of other countries. Why should we support


that kind of Greek state, do you sympathise with that you?


understand that you and very often I have said that we have to


understand citizens of other countries that are helping us. They


want to see that we changed. But I think there is also problems in the


Eurozone, of which make it quite unique. We are a family, but we


have not really understood how deeply interconnected we are in


Europe. That is why we need more economic Government's --


governments, but we need to get away with populism, prejudice and


extremism. Is that what you are seeing here? I'm seeing this around


Europe, forces that are prejudicial, even racist, trying to scapegoat


the real problems. George Papandreou was speaking to Zeinab


Badawi. Syrian opposition activists say at least 30 people have been


killed in the city of Homs as government forces continued to


shell the district of Baba Amr. 20, including for my children are said


to have been killed. The Red Cross is the only international aid


agency operating inside Syria and is calling for a daily ceasefires


to deal with the wounded. Bombardment was unleashed in the


early morning and went on relentlessly. Hundreds of shells


and rockets slammed into Baba Amr, which has been under siege for two


weeks. Several hundred rebel fighters from the Free Syrian Army


are entrenched here but many civilians are also trapped, some of


them paying the price. At the improvised field hospitals, doctors


were struggling to save the lives of the wounded, including this baby


hit by shrapnel from an exploding rockets. Activist said that some


buildings were reduced to rubble by the intensity of the shelling. One


of the heaviest since the siege began. Tanks and armoured vehicles


were on the move in the district immediately adjacent. It is not


clear whether the bombardment was the prelude she -- prelude to the


ground offensive the Government has threatened. Human rights groups say


such an attack would result in a massacre. They have called on the


world to intervene. The International Red Cross is trying


to mediate a truce to get supplies in an civilians out. No result so


far. -- and civilians out. Western and Arab count -- Western and Arab


partners are planning for a meeting on Friday to step up opposition to


the regime but there was still no clear way ahead. The Syrian regime


is going to be under increasing pressure, which will create space


for all of us to push hard on a transition. We will intensify our


diplomatic out reached -- outreach to those countries still supporting


the regime. But the world is not united. Russia and China continued


to resist the idea of regime change and accuse the West of fuelling


civil war. They advocate dialogue but there is very little of that


going on. A resident of Forteviot who managed


to escape from the city speaks to us now. -- Homs. What is the


information you're getting from inside Homs? AUDIO PROBLEMS... We


have no medical supplies... So make people are dying in their houses.


Of sickness and power -- of sickness and hunger or by shelling.


Thank you very much. I'm sorry, the line is very bad and it is


difficult to make out what you're saying.


Gunmen have killed at least nine people at polling stations in Yemen


where elections are taking place for the new president to replace


Ali Abdullah Saleh. There is only one candidate on the ballot, the


current Vice President, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.


Leon Panetta has apologised after copies of the Koran were allegedly


burnt by American forces in Kabul. Following angry protests, officials


told the BBC that Americans took the holy books after suspicions


that prisoners were using them to send messages.


A Palestinian prisoner on hunger strike in an Israeli jail for over


two months has agreed to end his protest. He will be released in


April. He is widely believed to be a member of a militant Islamist


group which Israel regards as a terrorist organisation.


Sotheby's has announced that The Scream will be sold in New York in


May. There were painted by F are Moon Beach is expected to fetch


more than $80 million. -- Munch. Dominique Strauss-Kahn has been


detained by police on suspicion of being involved in a prostitution


ring. Charges of rape against a hotel worker were dismissed last


year. It is accused that he -- it is alleged that he used funds to...


Another very difficult day for a man once tipped to be President.


Another extraordinary turn in the life and tribulations of Dominique


Strauss-Kahn. Quite a fall from grace for a man who could have been


a presidential hopeful in two once time. This was an investigation


that has been rumbling on for some months. It is called the Carlton


affair, named after a hotel in Lille where Mr Strauss-Kahn


allegedly attended orgies. It is alleged that women were supplied at


his request by high-ranking officials and businessmen. Not just


in Lille but also in Paris and Washington where he was serving as


the leader of the IMF. It is sent in French reports that some of


these businessmen paid for the prostitutes out of corporate funds


from a very big construction company. And that he knew these


were prostitutes. He has denied that although he has not denied


sleeping with the women. He has publicly denied that he knew they


were prostitutes. His lawyer went on a French baroque -- French


television station to say that "I challenge you to recognise a


prostitute without a close off and a ordinary woman without her close


off. " As I understand it, having sex


with prostitutes in France is not illegal. What are the specific


charges? There is no charge for sleeping


with prostitutes, but there is a charge for supplying prostitutes,


known as Pennyburn. In this case, he has put distance between himself


and the hiring of the prostitutes. The allegation is that he wanted to


keep a distance because he was serving of the head of the IMF and


these people were doing his bidding. He denies this charge. As for the


Socialist Party, I would think the reason number of people within the


party who were breathing a huge sigh of relief. If this had come


out earlier -- had not come out earlier and he had not been


arrested in May and had managed to get the ticket for the Socialist


Party to stand in the presidential elections, this could have blown up


in the final two bombs of the presidential campaign. That might


well have derailed the party's best chance in 20 years of winning the


One year ago, an earthquake devastated New Zealand's second


biggest city, chairs -- Christchurch. The centre of the


city was left in ruins. Today people were marking the anniversary


with events from a round the country and a two-minute silence.


We can cross now to Christchurch to my colleague Lucy Hawking.


Still some remote -- morning here in Christchurch. To mark that


devastating moment a year ago today when a massive earthquake hit this


city, devastating parts of it and killing 185 people. The service


about to get under way is for families of victims. That is


poignant, because where we are standing is in the Square on the


edge of the central business district, an area that had been


completely devastated. But this was whether to the large hospitals were


set up on that day, concerts -- coincidentally to doctors'


conventions what taking place in time, so the doctors came to help.


The damage one year on is still shocking, there are still many


buildings that need to be brought down, and they took the in to see


it yesterday. New Zealanders call it the quake


that changed and nation. One year on, at the centre of Christchurch


is still completely off limits. Street after street destroyed and


still dangerous. For the Dean of the city this is as close as he and


his congregation can get to the cathedral. Most of us are getting


on with our lives, and we live with this reality that we could have


more quakes, and we live with the reality of a city that could get


more devastated. But in the midst of it all, there is hope.


This is the sight of the Canterbury Television building. The building


was one of the first to be cleared, and of visual reminder may be gone,


but tributes from a round the world remain.


It took 160 years to build Christchurch and on the 24 seconds


to rip apart the satyr of it. This used to be the middle of New


Zealand's second biggest city. 50,000 people came into work here


every day. Now it is home to just a few demolition workers, but


crucially also construction workers - a $2 million plan is in process


to rebuild this part of Christchurch.


The nearby port of Lyttleton was the closest suburb to the epicentre.


This mobile phone footage captures the full force of the quake. Alex


Herbert showed her as the damage to his home. The house had to be


pulled down. On so many different levels, the past year has been a


tough one. The aftershocks always get your heart jumping, but we get


used to them a little bit. The fear for us is more financial, and


social, than anything else at this stage. We have lost a lot of


friends, but have gone, and that time, lost a lot of businesses, the


bars... This whole event has strengthened my resolve to be in


this time, because it turns out that things we laugh about it goes


so much deeper than the buildings, and it is the people, the geography,


and this rare thing this debt -- these days which is a committee


that cares about each other. You can feel the remarkable sense


of community here. On a golden evening in Lyttleton, this festival


is a moment to celebrate that. A stitching circle started sewing


hearts as out symbol of hope. have people walking by with jackets


and uniforms, so we had the opportunity to give these people


one, and they have ended up all over the world. So it was a chance


to say thank you to those people. The attitude in Christchurch is one


of stoicism and the -- resilience. But with years of rebuilding and


uncertainty ahead, people here have little choice.


It is that stoicism and resilience that is so apparent as you talk to


people here in Christchurch. So as you can see, this memorial service


about to get under way. The Army band playing, it will be a sad day


for the people of New Zealand, not just for the people in this city.


If we are not sure how many people will show up, many people have said


they want to mark this day with their family, quietly and on their


own. Nearly 40 children have frozen to


death in Afghanistan, according to Afghan officials, as the country


experiences one of its harshest winters in decades. About 40,000


people are living in makeshift camps, with only basic shelter and


little food or clothes. Many have arrived in recent weeks to escape


fighting and insecurity. As Andrew North reports from Kabul,


it's also raising new questions about the capacity of the Afghan


government. It could be a scene from the last


century, but this is Afghanistan at 2012. They fled to Kabul for safety


- now this family are overwhelmed by the cold. Born three months ago,


the little one has already fallen sick. Just 22 years old, this one -


- and he cannot feel -- he cannot keep them warm. TRANSLATION: We


took my daughter to the doctor's, but the medicine did not help and


we cannot afford to go again. Across Kabul, it is the same story


for thousands of people displaced by fighting, now living in


makeshift camps. Some help is coming in - these hats have been


donated by people in Britain. But it is just touching the surface of


the problem. At some camps, they only have tense to shelter from


Afghanistan's harshest winter in decades. This is home for this


family, and where the baby daughter died last week, the other daughter


asks her father when she has gone. -- where she has gone.


We were up all night, trying to keep her warm, he says. We did not


have enough blankets. Then we heard her cough, and it was her last


breath. It is heartbreaking what has


happened to this family. And to so many others this winter. But it is


also has a telling about life in Afghanistan, more than ten years


since the fall of the Taliban. Despite all the billions that have


been spent here, the Afghan Government and its Western backers


still cannot do anything as simple as protect people against the cold


weather. Nearly 40 children have died in


Kabul so far this winter. The Afghan minister responsible can


only offer apologies. TRANSLATION: I am sorry for what has happened,


especially to the children. They do not have the support they need, and


they are the future of our country. But if Afghanistan still cannot


cope with its own winter, that future looks bleak.


It seems the Mona Lisa is such an important painting that it's even


worth us looking at copies of it. The Prado Museum in Madrid has put


on show an alternative version which was painted by one of


Leonardo Da Vinci's assistants. We're told that seeing the copy


will help us understand how Da Vinci worked, because the theory is


that both paintings were produced at the same time.


It is a famous stair. A familiar pose. But for a long time, this


painting attracted little attention. Because it used to look like this.


We now know that the black background was painted on at a much


later date. When removed, it revealed something strikingly


similar to that on the Vinci's Mona Lisa.


The painting has been part of the Prada's collection for centuries.


It was thought to be painted in the decades following de Vinci's


original, and it was only when the Louvre asked to use it for an


exhibition, but the discovery was made.


In if we compare what is beneath the CERN -- the surface here, with


what is beneath the surface at the the Louvre picture, you can see


there are things going on which are not apparent on the surface.


Because those alterations, those changes, those slight modifications


are in both pictures, it is very likely that this was painted by an


artist who was working at the same pace as Leonardo.


It is not that the artist was one of da Vinci's apprentices, who


achieved a very close copy of possibly the first -- most famous


painting of the -- in the world. A reminder of our main news. The


Greek Prime Minister says the agreement of another big bail-out


from the eurozone it is at -- an historic opportunity to move


towards stability. Lucas Papademos said the 130 billion you would deal


was in the interests of the Greek people. There would be much more


pain dull for the Greeks. And Syrian opposition activists say


at least 50, including four children, have been killed by


government forces across Syria on Tuesday, thirty of them during a


heavy bombardment of the city of Homs. During the day hundreds of


shells have been fired into the rebel-held Baba Amr district of the


Tonight will be another frost-free night for most of us. But for the


day tomorrow, the winds pick up. Also a lot of cloud and heavy rain


a round. That is due to weather fronts coming in. Across parts of


Northern Ireland and Scotland at first. Much thicker cloud elsewhere,


the rain is likely to be heavy at times particularly through Western


Scotland and north-west England. By 3:00pm, temperatures of nine or ten


degrees across northern counties. A wet afternoon for the Midlands, but


parts of Kent and Sussex holding on to the dried weather. The rain may


be heavy at times across parts of Wiltshire and Hampshire, and across


south-west England it is a wet afternoon. Temperatures should get


to ten or 11 degrees. When you add on the strength of the south-


westerly breeze it will not feel very pleasant. Northern Ireland


stays damp and drizzly, highs of 13 to 14 Celsius. Cloudy with


outbreaks of rain across much of Scotland, however, eastern Scotland


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