28/03/2012 World News Today


28/03/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox.

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Jailed for fleeing demented violence - Afghanistan's imprisoned

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women and girls for a so-called moral crimes.

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No other Government things that running away is ensure area.

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Afghanistan stands alone in that and termination.

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Torture of the innocent, the United nation's human rights this area's

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children have been targeted and that President al-Assad should face

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charges of crimes against humanity. The man who got his life back,

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after a face, teeth, tongue and Jock transplant.

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Also coming up in the programme: Educating children out of extremism.

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How Nigeria holds a new wave of state schools will help the young

:01:02.:01:12.
:01:12.:01:15.

to say no to militants. And the latest Enola -- box-office

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treasure. Hello and welcome.

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Far Afghan women, the decision to flee domestic abuse are forced

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prostitution mainland and in jail while their abusers walk free.

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Human Rights Watch says nearly 400 girls and women prisoners have been

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jailed for what are called moral crimes. The our organisation call

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such abuse the black eye on the face of a post Taliban Afghan

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Government. The international community promise

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that one of the things they would change in Afghanistan after the

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fall of the Taliban was a oppression of women. But the Human

:02:02.:02:06.

Rights Watch survey of women makes for grim reading. Some have been

:02:06.:02:10.

convicted of offences which were not even considered crimes anywhere

:02:10.:02:15.

else in the world, even in the most Conservative Islamic countries. The

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report they have been rate, for running away from violent or

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abusive marriages. But Afghan courts have confirmed these as

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crimes recently. The Afghan Supreme Court has said that the crime of

:02:28.:02:33.

running away can be found in shinier. But when we looked around

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the world, no other Government thinks that running away is in

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Sharia law. Afghanistan stands alone in that interpretation.

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of the stories in the report tell of women who are jailed after

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asking strangers far help, only to be turned into the police. After --

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or after fleeing families where they face constant sexual abuse

:03:00.:03:08.

from male relatives. Most of the time the cases, the punishment is

:03:08.:03:12.

10 years in prison. Why? Because she ran away from home without

:03:12.:03:19.

permission by the husband. Which in this case is not really part off at

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Dunlop. There has been some progress for women, particularly in

:03:25.:03:29.

education were women are now treated equally. But although

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President Karzai has spoken sympathetically about the women --

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a case of women jailed for running away, his presidential pardon has

:03:38.:03:42.

not been acted on in the majority of cases, so the women remain in

:03:42.:03:47.

jail. Just as reform has been slow in coming and was highly tried Atul

:03:47.:03:51.

until recently. Now the international community is seeking

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to reform Afghan justice, working through the constitution and a less

:03:56.:04:06.
:04:06.:04:08.

harsh interpretation of Islamic law. But it is a slow process.

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Earlier I spoke to a member of the Afghan Parliament to defender the

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Government's laws regarding violence against women. We have a

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good love for women. For example we have lost far elimination of Women

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Against Women. But unfortunately the interpretation has been a

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problem but we still have women who because of running away, or for

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other reasons, they are in prison. But it has improved a lot. We have

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achieved a lot. We have a big number of women in Parliament. We

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have a few women in the Cabinet. We have a lot of girls, they are going

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to school and university. I think compared to the Taliban time, it is

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much better and we have achieved a lot. But still women suffer, that

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is true. Women suffer from violence. They are still at home. They do not

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have enough education. A lot of women, they cannot go to work. The

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problem is here. But we have achieved a lot. It is impossible to

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come here with 10 years before. talk about President cars side's

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law against violence against women. -- President Karzai. How worried

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are you about what is going to happen when international forces

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leave the country and 2014? award came back in Afghanistan, I

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am sure the women's situation and security will be very bad. I hope

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that this international community help us after 2014 and support the

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country end -- and especially the women in Afghanistan. There seems

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to be two injustices. While the women are jailed for a moral crimes,

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the perpetrators are not facing justice for at all. I am not sure

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about the report. This was only bandwith interviews with the

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victims in prison. It should do more investigated, to be sure that

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if the women in that prison is there just because of running away

:06:35.:06:45.
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or if there is some other problem. The UN's human rights chief has

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told the BBC there is enough evidence to indict side they are's

:06:52.:06:56.

that there -- President Assad on charges of crimes against humanity.

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Navi Pillay says Syrian security forces have detained and tortured

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children. She was speaking before the news that Syria had agreed to

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Kofi Annan's ceasefire plan. In a place where we cannot name,

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with faces we cannot short, this is a kind of therapy first area's tell

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survivors. These are lessons organised by activists for children

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who can no longer go to school. Some have seen parents tried do we

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in the night. Others have fled from the bombardment of Homs. This child

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describes being at a March, hearing the chanting. And then the moment

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the army opened fire. Now in an exclusive interview, the UN's top

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human rights official has accused the Syrian Government of

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deliberately targeting children. They have gone to the children --

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for the children in large numbers, detained and tortured. I have seen

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some of the evidence gathered by the commissioner. I have talk to

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parents and victims. It is just horrendous. The Syrian Government

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denies the accusations and accuses a High Commissioner of bias. But

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under international law, does back -- President al-Assad responsible.

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That is the evidence. There is enough evidence pointing to the

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fact that many of these acts committed by the security forces

:08:38.:08:45.

must have received the approval of complicity it at the highest level.

:08:45.:08:50.

Because the President can issue a single order, released all these

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children and stop the killings. High Commissioner also criticised

:08:56.:09:00.

abuses by opposition groups. But the UN and human rights our

:09:00.:09:04.

organisation say the majority of violations are being carried out by

:09:04.:09:07.

the Government side. Much of what bombs and bullets did to the bodies

:09:08.:09:11.

of children is simply too distressing to shore. And the

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trauma inflicted on young minds is being -- is beyond calculation. In

:09:19.:09:29.
:09:29.:09:51.

Homs, a cameraman met a boy whose Is President al-Assad ever going to

:09:51.:09:57.

face action against his actions? One day he will face justice.

:09:57.:10:07.
:10:07.:10:07.

in these days -- rooms in Syria, Justice as far away.

:10:07.:10:10.

UN secretary general Ban Ki-Moon has urged the Syrian President to

:10:10.:10:14.

immediately implement the six-point peace plan brokered by his

:10:14.:10:21.

predecessor Kofi Annan. Despite its pledge to sign up to the deal wish

:10:21.:10:23.

him as a pillar to Government troops from opposition cities, this

:10:23.:10:27.

latest verified reduce shows continuing Government bombardment

:10:27.:10:33.

in the city Homs. Elsewhere the Syrian army has regained control of

:10:33.:10:37.

another city after four days of fighting opposition activists take

:10:37.:10:45.

40 people died in that conflict. Australia's Communications Minister

:10:45.:10:48.

has called for an investigation into hacking and piracy. There was

:10:48.:10:51.

a report in the Australian Financial Review that news coverage

:10:51.:10:56.

has set up a unit to sabotage his competitors by hacking into the

:10:56.:10:59.

cause required for a subscription television and then make them

:10:59.:11:02.

available on the black market. News Corporation denies all the

:11:02.:11:09.

allegations. Poetic has met Cubans former

:11:09.:11:13.

revolutionary leader Castro father first time. The meeting came after

:11:13.:11:22.

the poll lead a huge open-air Mass in Revolution Square. He told that

:11:22.:11:25.

Yemen Government to give more rights to the Roman Catholic Church,

:11:25.:11:30.

especially the freedom to religious education in schools.

:11:30.:11:33.

Mahli's ousted President says he is safe and well and still in the

:11:33.:11:37.

country. In his first comments since last week's military Cook, he

:11:37.:11:43.

told the AFP news agency that he hoped peace and democracy would

:11:43.:11:47.

triumph and Mahli. He was forced into hiding after a group of

:11:47.:11:49.

soldiers seize control claiming they were unhappy with their way

:11:49.:11:55.

and a rising in the north of the country was being dealt with.

:11:55.:11:59.

And after being taken to court for alleged false advertising for the

:11:59.:12:03.

new iPad, Apple has offered to refund Australian customers who

:12:03.:12:08.

felt misled about his 40 capabilities. Australia's consumer

:12:08.:12:12.

watchdog began legal action because the Tablet does not work on America

:12:12.:12:17.

-- Australia's 40 network. An American gunshot victim has been

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given a new face, teeth, tongue and Jock and what is urgency is the

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most extensive facial transplant ever performed. -- in what surgeons

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say. The man, Richard Lee Norris, has been a Nicholas says he was

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horribly disfigured an airgun accident 15 years ago. One week

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after the operation, doctors say he is recovering well.

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Surgeons at the University of Maryland lead a team of over 100

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medical staff in a 36 or operation. They believe it is the most

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expensive face transplant procedure ever carried out. When he was

:12:58.:13:02.

accidentally shot in the face 15 years ago, Richard Lee Norris lost

:13:02.:13:08.

his nose, his lips and most of the movement in his mouth. Surgeons are

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used finely-tuned computerised techniques to advance on the bones

:13:11.:13:14.

in his nose and the area around it. They then gave my new job,

:13:15.:13:19.

including teeth as well as a new tongue. But finally all his soft

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tissue was replaced, right from his airline to his neck, including

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nerves and muscles. Six days on he can move his tongue and he can

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smell for the first time in 15 years. We look at the donor and

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Richard, it is the blend of two individuals. Clearly there are some

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specific features like their nose and that Gen. But behind that

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skeleton it is Richard Norris. was the woman after her first face

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transplant in 2005. She made good progress and expose physical

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recovery is just the first part. With us at a surgery you do not

:14:01.:14:05.

recover quickly. He will gradually come to terms with this new thing

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that he sees in the mirror which is going to be his face. I hope he

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will have the support that enables centre his own it, to on his face

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as his face. Doctors funded by the US military have been developing

:14:19.:14:23.

face transplant techniques for a number of years. The aim is to

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refine techniques to help veterans returning from Afghanistan. For

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Richard Norris, after 15 years behind a mask, a chance for a

:14:33.:14:40.

normal life. Let's top to a professor from

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America who has written about the psychological aspects of face

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transplants. He seems physically to have made an extraordinary recovery.

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He is brushing his teeth, he is my lip and he is ducking and smelly

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things for the first time. Psychologically, how has are going

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to be? Far my study another recipients, what I think is up for

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him, there are two pass. One because of the expense of amount of

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tissue and bone that he received, he is the first person really not

:15:14.:15:19.

to have to worry about scars that will give off the face transplant

:15:19.:15:24.

look. So I think that will be helpful to hand. These multiple

:15:24.:15:29.

surgeries are lending the skin over years, might be avoided. The other

:15:29.:15:35.

path is one that is untested yet. What it would mean is to have a

:15:35.:15:45.
:15:45.:15:50.

complete facial configuration from the donor, including some of the

:15:50.:15:54.

things that form one's identity. I wonder if his path may be more

:15:54.:15:58.

difficult also because he has spent so much time without being able to

:15:58.:16:03.

be in public. Now he has a completely restored face. A do you

:16:04.:16:08.

think conversely that might help? Further 15 years this man has been

:16:08.:16:14.

a recluse. He has used a mask when he went out in public. Now he has a

:16:14.:16:19.

new phase, perhaps this is all good news. I think it is all good news

:16:19.:16:23.

in the surgery is absolutely remarkable. I am astounded that the

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surgery could take place since there has only been a few in the

:16:28.:16:36.

United States. However, what I have started to look at our recipients,

:16:36.:16:45.

is what they say after they have been living with the new face. He

:16:45.:16:50.

is an interesting test-case for me in that he is going to be the most

:16:50.:16:57.

completely masked person, in a new way, from a cloth must to a face

:16:57.:17:07.
:17:07.:17:09.

mask, that is a donor. I think over time we will know. It is the 23rd

:17:09.:17:13.

phase -- face transplant. How do you give these people the support

:17:13.:17:23.
:17:23.:17:26.

Therapeutically, we don't understand yet. It has transformed

:17:26.:17:31.

the way we think about being human. Questions about what it means to

:17:32.:17:38.

wed the face of another person are so new to us as people, that the

:17:38.:17:44.

more exposed we are to Folks That have face transplant, the better.

:17:44.:17:50.

It makes conversations happen and the recipients will have good

:17:50.:17:55.

reception out in the community, especially if the scarring is kept

:17:55.:18:00.

to a minimum. We will know soon if that has to be the way most of

:18:00.:18:07.

these patients are handled in the future.

:18:07.:18:13.

Canada's indigenous communities are in crisis. Addition to prescription

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painkillers is rife. OxyContin, an opium drug, is widely abused in

:18:21.:18:27.

Canada but on isolated reserves, people talk of an academic. Linda

:18:27.:18:31.

Pressly travelled to Fort Hope to investigate the impact of drug use

:18:31.:18:40.

there. 1200 people live in Fort Hope. In winter, it is minus 30 and

:18:40.:18:46.

the only way to get here is to fly in all try from hazardous ice roads.

:18:46.:18:53.

The beauty can fit -- conceals the fall-out from drug abuse. 80% of

:18:53.:18:57.

the working-age population of Fort Hope are abusing OxyContin. It is

:18:57.:19:06.

as addictive as heroin but this is a prescription drug. Doris

:19:06.:19:11.

Slipperjack was hooked for four years. 180 milligram pale cells on

:19:11.:19:15.

the black market for $600 on the reserve and she spent thousands,

:19:15.:19:20.

all her welfare benefits on getting high. Sometimes her children went

:19:20.:19:27.

without food. It is difficult for me to face them every day because I

:19:27.:19:35.

hurt them so much. I don't even though where to begin. In Fort Hope,

:19:35.:19:39.

everybody knows somebody who is abusing OxyContin and stemming the

:19:39.:19:44.

flow of this addictive drug into the community is one of the biggest

:19:44.:19:53.

challenges. A visit by the native police services is a rare event.

:19:53.:20:00.

This dog has been trained to sniff out OxyContin. They hide it in

:20:00.:20:08.

their bodies and now the winter roads are open so they are coming

:20:08.:20:14.

in through vehicles. It is not just a policing problem, it is a social

:20:14.:20:21.

and community problem. The chief of Fort Hope is worried about the

:20:21.:20:30.

epidemic on the next generation. want to see the parents care for

:20:30.:20:40.
:20:40.:20:41.

their children that they can't do it because they edit -- -- but they

:20:41.:20:48.

can't do it because they are addicted. They have set up a detox

:20:48.:20:53.

centre but they are 70 people on the waiting list. With so many in

:20:53.:20:57.

this community struggling with addiction to OxyContin, Doris is

:20:57.:21:02.

one of the few that has taken the step to recovery. She has been to

:21:02.:21:09.

rehab and is now one treatment. want to go back to school and

:21:09.:21:13.

hopefully get my high-school diploma and go to college and

:21:13.:21:19.

university. I want to become a Councillor and reach out to people

:21:19.:21:28.

that are struggling like myself. You can watch her film about how

:21:28.:21:34.

prescription drugs is devastating those committees on Our World at

:21:34.:21:39.

the weekend. The north-western Nigerian state of

:21:39.:21:45.

Sokoto hit the news earlier this month after two hostages, Chris

:21:45.:21:48.

McManus and Franco Lamolinara were killed in failed attempts to rescue

:21:48.:21:54.

them. Boko Haram was widely believed to have been behind the

:21:54.:22:00.

kidnapping. Now in an attempt to counter terrorism -- extremism,

:22:00.:22:07.

they want to build hundreds of new religious schools.

:22:07.:22:17.
:22:17.:22:18.

A call for food. He has been forced into begging because other decision

:22:18.:22:28.
:22:28.:22:28.

his parents talk to send him here. He is one of millions of Nigerians.

:22:28.:22:34.

They move far from home to a master of the Koran at informal schools.

:22:34.:22:39.

Now the Nigerian Government wants to build hundreds of official

:22:39.:22:49.
:22:49.:22:49.

religious schools. Here in Sokoto, they have opened the first. Is your

:22:49.:22:57.

aim to drain the demand of the informal ones? To close them down?

:22:57.:23:07.
:23:07.:23:09.

To some extent, yes. The school's principal is a former Almajiri. He

:23:09.:23:15.

says it will help students to integrate better into society.

:23:16.:23:25.
:23:26.:23:29.

can study science, mathematics, Arabic. A model Almajiri school is

:23:29.:23:34.

an easy sell. The home of their spiritual leader of Nigeria's

:23:34.:23:37.

Muslims and the state that the highest proportion in poverty. The

:23:37.:23:41.

Government's plan to build schools and other northern states is a

:23:41.:23:47.

gimmick driven by security fears, some say. The Government is

:23:47.:23:53.

motivated by a desire to change at the heart and the minds of foot

:23:53.:24:00.

soldiers and ethnic religious violence. Security concerns have

:24:00.:24:05.

heightened. A failed rescue attempt took many by so slapdash by

:24:05.:24:14.

surprise. The killing of the foreigners Christmas virus -- Chris

:24:14.:24:19.

McManus wasn't the first time of criminal activity disturbing a

:24:19.:24:22.

piece for North West of the country. Bercow around have said his members

:24:22.:24:27.

are present here. Whatever the Government's motives, it is the

:24:27.:24:31.

schools that have passed from generation to generation without

:24:31.:24:41.
:24:41.:24:43.

state health and there is little Animation has proved to be a

:24:43.:24:46.

treasure-trove for the film industry and now the British

:24:46.:24:52.

company have pirates to plunder it. The The Pirates! In an Adventure

:24:52.:24:57.

With Scientists is out in Britain today. It was released as Hollywood

:24:57.:25:01.

struggles to find its next big thing in animation as its

:25:01.:25:11.
:25:11.:25:11.

franchises come to an end. The best bit about being a pirate is ham at

:25:11.:25:18.

night. Setting sail on the latest international expedition. It is the

:25:18.:25:23.

pirates in an adventure with scientists. It is a British plot

:25:23.:25:33.

storing a useless parrot and a demented Queen Victoria. It

:25:33.:25:38.

attracted star voices. How could I turn them down? British, never not

:25:38.:25:43.

adored any of their films. Their sense of humour is identical to

:25:43.:25:53.
:25:53.:25:55.

mine in terms of surreal childishness. I couldn't say no.

:25:55.:26:04.

Fire Cannons! The highest animation house has been in trouble

:26:04.:26:12.

threatening to go overseas. Now, they are more likely to stay put.

:26:12.:26:17.

Three Oscars for Wallace and Gromit doesn't promise them a Hollywood

:26:17.:26:24.

hit. His last film made $46 million at the US box office. That his

:26:24.:26:31.

average. I am confident about it playing around the world. It is

:26:31.:26:39.

just America. Capturing America is tricky. They are less familiar with

:26:39.:26:43.

our style of comedy, apparently. What will please Hollywood is some

:26:43.:26:51.

of the Oscar nominees were obvious. Her first were not. There wasn't

:26:51.:26:57.

much to choose from. Toy story is over, Shreck has gone into Puss in

:26:57.:27:07.
:27:07.:27:10.

Boots and Brad Bird is directing live action. Pick Saab does have a

:27:10.:27:17.

new idea rear. A fairy-tale called brave. If this works, the quirky

:27:17.:27:22.

humour could not feel foreign any more. I have always found that the

:27:22.:27:30.

more British you are, do more French, the for -- if you are

:27:30.:27:37.

French, the more French you are, the more chance you have of

:27:37.:27:44.

repealing anyone. It looks great. That is all from

:27:44.:27:54.
:27:54.:28:05.

Hello. We has another warm day today. It is cold and clear through

:28:05.:28:08.

the night before tomorrow, a return of the sunshine and temperatures

:28:08.:28:14.

above average. The downside is it stays dry with these high is still

:28:14.:28:24.
:28:24.:28:24.

dominating our weather forecast. We do have a change in our wind

:28:25.:28:28.

direction and we have more cloud around the coast of Scotland and

:28:28.:28:35.

Northern Ireland. Plenty of sunshine for Northern and central

:28:35.:28:43.

England. We are looking at 23 Celsius in London. Across the

:28:43.:28:47.

south-west, cloudless skies and higher temperatures around the

:28:47.:28:57.
:28:57.:28:57.

south coast. Through Wales, that north-westerly breeze making it 22

:28:58.:29:04.

Celsius in Cardiff. For Northern Ireland, we have high cloud so the

:29:04.:29:09.

sunshine turning hazy. Much of Scotland stays dry. Further north

:29:09.:29:14.

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