29/03/2012 World News Today


29/03/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World news today. Running battles in Spain as unions

:00:13.:00:18.

hold a strike in protest at austerity plans. 50 people have

:00:18.:00:21.

been arrested with more been arrested with more

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demonstrations plans in cities across the country tonight. Mortars

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and no-shows at the first Arab League meeting in decades. What has

:00:31.:00:37.

been achieved? The world's largest growing economies want their own

:00:37.:00:46.

bank. Also coming up, chasing a childhood dream. Why the

:00:46.:00:51.

billionaire Amazon boss wants to retrieve the Apollo 11 rocket

:00:51.:01:01.
:01:01.:01:02.

engines from the seabed. And defining the sound of country music.

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Hello and welcome. The government insists the destruction was minimal

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but the scuffles and arrests and cocktails met the general strike in

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Spain left its mark. Called in protest at austerity cuts and

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reforms there was destruction to flights and transport and workers

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walked out of factories. More protests are planned for tonight.

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Let's go to Madrid. Hundreds of thousands have gone on

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to the streets of Madrid and other cities. The point of opposition is

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the new Labour reforms which is hoped to cut its unemployment by

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making it easy to hire and fire. There is opposition to the

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Government's reforms which will come in the new budget tomorrow.

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There have been some of violent scenes in Barcelona. Trouble on the

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streets of Barcelona. Spain is not a country used to violent protest,

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even in these austere times. Before the protests anger at government

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cuts and reforms. Scenes like this have been isolated to the city but

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there have been arrests across the country. Pickets tries to stop

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businesses opening. The authorities did what they could so people could

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go to work. Many Spanish commuters struggled on. As expected, other

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services have been affected. For many companies, it's been business

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as usual. The strike is mainly a response from the unions to the new

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Labour reforms which it hopes will cut the soaring unemployment. It

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comes a day before the government announces its budget. We can expect

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more cuts to public services. Officials in Brussels says Madrid

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must do more to reduce spending and get the budget deficit in order.

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Demonstrations have been building steadily today. The unions say

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Spain should stand up to Brussels are not bowed to pressure for more

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cuts. The government says it is committed to its programme of

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reforms and will not change anything. It says many have been

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working today and tomorrow it promises an austere budget. That

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will fuel more discontent. This is the biggest test for the new

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government. The party to power in December but what we will see over

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the months and weeks is more protest because the government is

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under pressure from Brussels, it try to cut the budget deficit

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recently but had to alter the target this year because Brussels

:04:04.:04:10.

said it must do more. Cuts are needed of 41 billion euros, is it

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possible? I spoke to an economist and he said there would have to be

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a huge surprise in the Budget or it will not be credible. We also spoke

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to one of the main union leaders on the eve of the strike and he was at

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pains to say Spain must take back its sovereignty from Brussels. He

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was critical of the pressure being put on the Spanish government to

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cut the budget deficit to make reforms more than it would like.

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There is this slight sense in Spain, it's normally a pro-European

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country but there is a building sense of scepticism towards

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Europe's pressure on Spain to cut its budget deficit so much.

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Thank you very much. The Arab League has held a meeting

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in Baghdad, the first time in 20 years. Great stuff if you consider

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the security risks, fewer than half the Arab world leaders turned up.

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Baghdad was in virtual lockdown, there were two explosions in the

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City some distance from the conference. Top of the agenda was

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the crisis in Syria and calls for President Assad to bring about

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change. Its cost a fortune and a huge military effort to stage the

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summit. The first in Iraq the 20th. Thousands of police and armed Swat

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teams on the streets of Baghdad but also a day-long curfew. Iraq's

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relations with its Arab neighbours are tense. One reason why less than

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half of the League's 22 heads of state did not come to Baghdad,

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particularly those from the Gulf. Others may have been deterred by

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the precarious security situation. Two mortars landed not far from the

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conference centre at the summit began would not have calmed nerves.

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The main topic on the agenda is the crisis in Syria. Delegates formally

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supported a UN plan to end fighting. The Syrian government has written

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to the envoy Kofi Annan accepting his six-point plan which was

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endorsed by the United Nations Security Council. It is essential

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President Assad is committed, the world is waiting for commitments to

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be translated into action. Even as they spoke, footage of mortar

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shells smashing into buildings in Homs. The commentator on the video

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appeals to Syria's Arab neighbours for help. In their absence, he

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calls to God. Images showed protesters coming under fire. They

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say the regime is not interested in dialogue and the opponents have

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been routed. The situation in Syria is getting worse. 9,000 people have

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been killed but the army continues its offensive. As the delegates in

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Baghdad's departed, another lavish and inconclusive Arab League summit,

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they acknowledge the situation in Syria could take a long time to

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resolve. A degree of normality is returning to Baghdad but there's a

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huge security presence on the streets and it cost a small fortune

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to stage this summit. Iraq has declared the whole thing a success

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even though on a major issue affecting the region Syria, there

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has been little progress. Some other news and five African

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presidents seeking to restore the government in Mali have abandoned a

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visit. The plane turned around after supporters of the coup leader

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took over the airstrip. The group is meeting in the Ivory Coast to

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agree how to restore President Amadou Toumani Toure to power.

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The body of Mohamed Merah or the extremist who killed seven people

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in France is being buried in Toulouse. Mohamed Merah who were

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shot last week was buried at the city's cemetery despite objections

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from local officials. Algeria ejected receiving his body citing

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security concerns. The French perfume maker has been

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fined for making a racist insult on TV. The 75-year-old told an

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interviewer he had worked like a negro to produce a new perfume. He

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was ordered by a Parisian court to pay $8,000.

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Two German companies have pulled out of a project to build new

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nuclear power stations in Britain. The firms said they had withdrawn

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because of the cost and economic crisis and the phasing out of

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nuclear power in Germany after the full she met disaster in Japan.

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The world's top five emerging economies have proposed forming a

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bank which they hope could write -- rival the World Bank. The Brics

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countries agreed to seek closer trading currency links. Who are the

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Brics? Goldman's sacks coined the term for Brazilian -- Brazil, India

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and Africa. They are responsible for more than a quarter of the

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:09:58.:10:02.

Thank you for coming in. How valid is the concern to set up their own

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bank and will be difficult to get off there bank? It makes perfect

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sense. Developing countries should have done this a long time ago. The

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World Bank and IMF have come under attack for not responding to the

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needs of developing countries. It's a good idea for them to start.

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wanted better representation for a long time given how much economies

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have grown, will be difficult to capitalise because these countries

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have different agendas? Yes, they promised the five countries would

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have large central reserves to capitalise but the problem with the

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membership of these institutions is the issue of how to capitalise

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beyond those four or five key member states. The criticism emerge

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from the World Bank and IMF is it is controlled by the US. Is the

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acronym Brics a fight turn given other emerging countries in South

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America and Africa? Do we need a new acronym? It has worked quite

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well. We would not be talking about this unless it was a huge marketing

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term for Goldman's sacks. It is week to look at the five countries

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as having anything in common. who were due out on to this list of

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developing emerging countries and who should we be looking at in 10

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years' time? I would remove Russia from the group. I think that would

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add other countries which are like Chile. Chile have had huge growth,

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what about Indonesia? Indonesia, Malaysia would be a good edition to

:12:00.:12:08.

the developing countries that have development. What lies ahead for

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the Brics and the problems each country has, India, for example and

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the infrastructure problem, the corruption but the same could be

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said for Russia. You could say think for all pricks countries.

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Corruption is a huge problem, they have a huge problem in terms of

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large populations with little per- capita income. I think the

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challenge is to come up with a plan as five countries and I am

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sceptical because they have nothing in common other than some sense

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they have something in common. per capita wage, China will

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overtake the US economy by 2026, the wages will be far far lower

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than the United States. Right now it is of four or $5,000 per year

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which is little and they are moving fast. You think they will get

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there? I am a pessimist on this issue, China and India to have huge

:13:13.:13:23.
:13:23.:13:24.

problems of poverty. Politically, they are unstable, unstable

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countries... Brazil and China will be unstable.

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Thank you very much. A report into the deaths of 63 African refugees

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on a small boats last year set a catalogue of errors by coast guard

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and NATO meant they were never rested. The boats left Tripoli in

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March with 72 people heading to Lampedusa. After 15 hours at sea,

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the boat put out a distress call and run out of fuel. The boat

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drifted with 11 people still alive. Two of those died soon after. Chris

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Morris reports. Thousands of people took to the

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seat as conflict raged in Libya. They would try to cross the

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Mediterranean to reach Europe. Many of them are like these men have

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made it to the Italian island of Lampedusa. According to the Council

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of Europe, 1,500 people lost their lives. Attempting a hazardous

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voyage on a small boat. I was quite shocked, there were many military

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vessels, satellite centre and watching over the movements at sea.

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Still so many people got drowned or missed. Her report focuses on one

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incident on 26th March last year, this boat left Tripoli with 72 sub-

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Saharan Africans on board, men, women and children. When it washed

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up at Libya 15 days later, there were only nine survivors. This was

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at a time when like other migrant boats like this one, it was in what

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NATO declared a military zone under its control. The whole area was

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being closely monitored. Survivors on the incident examined in detail

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said a helicopter, military vessel and fishing boats came close to

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their boat, the helicopter even dropped water and biscuits. But no

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further help ever came. We conclude it is a collective failure. It's

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not attractive to come up with facts were you admit you are to

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blame for such a failure. In a written statement, native says it's

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provided significant information to the council and says none of its

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aircraft or vessels had any contact with the boats in question. But the

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report says Corporation has been insufficient and it is calling for

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further inquiry into a tragedy The billionaire founder of

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Amazon.com, Jeff Bezos, claims to have found the engines on Apollo 11,

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the historic American space mission that landed men on the moon for the

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first time. The self confessed space enthusiast, who is developing

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his own rocket ship to fly passengers into suborbital space,

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says he's located the engines at a depth of more than 4,000 metres on

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the Atlantic seabed. The five engines on the rocket Saturn-5

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launched Apollo 11 into space on July 16th, 1969. Saturn-5 was the

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tallest, heaviest and most powerful rocket of its kind. The rockets

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were jettisoned into the sea as planned after lift-off, and these

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are what Mr Bezos says he has found. Four days later, Neil Armstrong and

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:16:52.:16:56.

Buzz Aldrin stepped out onto the Keith Cowing is the editor of

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Nasawatch.com and joins us from San Francisco.

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He said what inspired him was watching this at the age of five

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when he saw this blast-off. What sort of conditions are these

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rockets going to be in? They have had 40 years in sea water.

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I am at the Nasa research centre and at the back of me is a Titan

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one engine. It has been outside for 40 years in California. It is in a

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good condition. Being in the ocean, that is a different story. It will

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have been at 40,000 ft for quite some time. One has to wonder what

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is left. But we found the Titanic at much deeper depths. It will have

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to do more with how fast the rocket hit the ocean when it came in than

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what it has been doing for the past 40 years.

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Do you think he has cut the cord and it's absolutely right? I have

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just been reading that the Atlantic seabed is littered with space

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debris. I am pretty sure he has. The sonar

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is pretty good. You can see the ships. They find a much smaller

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space craft than this. This thing is 40 metres long and over 100

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kilos. It does not look like a boat. It is a big tube. They will be able

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to distinguish it rather easily. Why hasn't masseur bothered to pick

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this up? There is such interest in this mission.

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When it went to the bottom of the ocean, the technology to find it

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did not exist. Nowadays it does, but Nasser barely has enough money

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to launch the new things. You would have to come up with an excuse for

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why you did want to do this. When you're a billionaire, you do things

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because they're fun. Exactly! Or if you're a film

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director! Everybody seems to be going to the bottom of the ocean.

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Exactly. Maybe that is the fact that so many people these days have

:18:58.:19:01.

of the kind of assets that could launch a main programme! It allows

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these people to go back and do the stuff like this. It really rings a

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bell with me to go back and actually find that moon rocket.

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When you have enough resources, fund becomes something you can

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actually do. Lucky them. He hasn't had much

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success with his own space rocket ship, this article take a thing,

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which had a few problems last year during trials at 45,000 feet.

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He lost one, but what we did not see robber success as he had. He is

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probably doing a bit better than a Nasser. They lodged a lot more of

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their rockets. I think he is doing well.

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Thank you. The name might not be immediately

:19:45.:19:48.

familiar, but his music is. One of America's most influential

:19:48.:19:52.

musicians, the bluegrass star, Earl Scruggs, has died at the age of 88.

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He was a banjo virtuoso whose unique picking style gave country

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music a whole new sound. Critics described him as the

:19:59.:20:02.

Paganini of Bluegrass. Among his many admirers and musical

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collaborators, the Hollywood actor, Steve Martin, and singers Bob Dylan,

:20:05.:20:09.

Joan Baez and Elton John. He was also a committed political activist,

:20:09.:20:11.

supporting the anti-Vietnam war protest movement. David Sillito

:20:11.:20:21.
:20:21.:20:27.

looks back at his life. Rarely has any instrument been that

:20:27.:20:30.

solely associated with one man, but when it comes to the banjo, we

:20:30.:20:40.
:20:40.:20:43.

begin with Earl Scruggs. I started playing when I was five years old.

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I pretty much lived and breathed the banjo. He's three-fingered

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finger picking defined bluegrass. Earl Scruggs had developed his

:20:55.:21:00.

style while growing up in North Carolina. The 21-year-old was an

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immediate sensation when he joins his first band. The sound of Earl

:21:08.:21:12.

Scruggs and his partner, under foggy Mountain Boys, became a

:21:12.:21:20.

musical shorthand for abolition America. No wonder. He ghost

:21:20.:21:25.

appeared in and provided the theme tune to the TV shoots -- TV show,

:21:25.:21:31.

the Beverly Hillbillies. It was a surprise, especially to his partner

:21:31.:21:37.

or Leicester flat, when he took his -- playing with the stars of the

:21:37.:21:41.

counter-culture such as Bob Dylan and later, attending a Vietnam

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anti-war demonstration. I am sincere or about bringing our boys

:21:48.:21:53.

back home. From the soundtrack to Bonnie and Clyde to his many

:21:53.:22:00.

thousands leaves a legacy. His foggy Mountain breakdown became

:22:00.:22:04.

June the number one in the Banja songbook. When you hear a Banja

:22:04.:22:12.

today, you almost certainly during the sound of Earl Scruggs.

:22:12.:22:15.

Greg Adams is from the Smithsonian Centre for Folklife and Cultural

:22:15.:22:24.

Heritage. I assume that everybody could play the banjo like this

:22:24.:22:28.

until I realised that Earl Scruggs had invented it. How was it played

:22:28.:22:33.

before? The banjo as an instrument has a

:22:33.:22:36.

history that has been around for nearly 400 years. The earliest

:22:36.:22:40.

documentation goes back to the Caribbean basin. The documentation

:22:40.:22:45.

that we have over time, but are 80 per city of ways in which the

:22:45.:22:49.

instrument was played. What Earl Scruggs had done was taking the

:22:49.:22:52.

traditions as they existed in his community and really brought it

:22:52.:22:55.

together to make a very distinctive sound, whether you're looking at

:22:55.:22:59.

the role patterns, the intense syncopations or the melodic ways

:22:59.:23:03.

that he played. How difficult was it to play like

:23:03.:23:07.

that? In terms of the difficulties, it is

:23:07.:23:11.

really about how do you feel the music? The right hand is working

:23:12.:23:17.

the strings in these very fast arpeggios, but people will call

:23:17.:23:21.

patterns. With that, you have to feel the beat, the levels of

:23:21.:23:25.

syncopation that: with that. But what really makes the Banja

:23:25.:23:28.

distinctive in bluegrass is the way in which it can take the lead or do

:23:28.:23:33.

a solo just like the other instruments in a bluegrass ensemble.

:23:33.:23:36.

Presumably that makes it even more difficult, because you are having

:23:36.:23:41.

to pick out the tune above all the other noise as well.

:23:41.:23:45.

For absolutely. That is one of the incredible dynamics of bluegrass

:23:45.:23:51.

music. And the way that Earl Scruggs enervated as the deadpan

:23:51.:23:55.

to's use in the ensembles. If you look at all timed music, the violin

:23:55.:23:58.

or fiddle was going to be the key instrument and other instruments

:23:58.:24:02.

are going to play support. In bluegrass, everybody takes the solo,

:24:02.:24:06.

or whether it is the guitarist, the mandolin, the violinist, or the

:24:06.:24:10.

banjo. I think I know what bluegrass is,

:24:10.:24:16.

but I am not 100% sure how it do we define it. How did you do find it?

:24:16.:24:20.

Bluegrass music is a musical form that is largely attributed to Bill

:24:20.:24:26.

Monroe. Back in the 1940s, they came out with this really fast,

:24:26.:24:30.

driving music that was based in part on of the music associated

:24:30.:24:34.

with country music and back then it would have been called hillbilly

:24:34.:24:39.

music. But it also has these historic ties that, to the British

:24:39.:24:43.

Isles. But also, in terms of African-American music and culture,

:24:43.:24:46.

all of these things are coming together and bluegrass is one of

:24:46.:24:48.

these musical forms that really brings together a whole lot if

:24:48.:24:52.

moving parts. For I read somewhere that it was a

:24:52.:24:58.

fusion of blues, jazz and a high lonesome sound. He really did

:24:58.:25:02.

represent that. He embodied that whole country feel, the way he

:25:02.:25:08.

spoke, the way he lived his life. Absolutely. Earl Scruggs's

:25:08.:25:14.

playing... He gave voice to the banjo. It is amazing reading and

:25:14.:25:17.

number of the articles that have been coming out. There is an

:25:17.:25:23.

incredible outpouring. Just talking about the way that he could present

:25:23.:25:26.

the banjo, his stage presence with his instrument just rising above

:25:26.:25:32.

everything else, it has been very moving. There is an amazing reason

:25:32.:25:36.

why Earl Scruggs has influenced thousands, if not millions, of

:25:36.:25:41.

banjo players around the world. you meet him?

:25:41.:25:48.

I never did. But I followed him. I knew the different generations of

:25:48.:25:51.

people that were influenced by him. Lampard to be younger generation

:25:51.:25:54.

that does not have the lived experience of my parents and

:25:54.:25:58.

grandparents, but what has been really amazing for me as part of

:25:58.:26:01.

this younger generation is to learn about what Earl Scruggs meant to

:26:01.:26:06.

people as they were coming up. In some ways, the way that I can

:26:07.:26:09.

inherit Dutch tradition, the oral tradition that comes along with

:26:09.:26:14.

that and the memories of he was, it really shapes the way that people

:26:14.:26:17.

think about the instrument and how it is played.

:26:17.:26:22.

I think you are a banjo player, but unfortunately you left it at home,

:26:22.:26:25.

which is a great disappointment for us! Thank you.

:26:25.:26:29.

A reminder of our main news... In Spain, a general strike has seen

:26:29.:26:31.

transport virtually grinding to a halt and scuffles at a

:26:31.:26:34.

demonstration in Barcelona. Many schools, offices and factories are

:26:34.:26:37.

closed. Protesters are angry about the government's changes to labour

:26:37.:26:43.

laws which make it easier to fire workers. More cuts are also planned.

:26:43.:26:46.

Well, that's all from the programme. Next, the weather. But for now,

:26:46.:26:56.
:26:56.:27:00.

from me and the rest of the team, There are weather changes on the

:27:00.:27:03.

way for the weekend as the temperature begins to take it up.

:27:03.:27:08.

For the moment, for Friday, it is more of the St. Sunshine and warmth.

:27:08.:27:11.

But the reason why the weather is changing for the weekend, at this

:27:11.:27:14.

area of high pressure has been right across us through and is now

:27:14.:27:18.

slowly drifting west, a line the floor there from the North and

:27:18.:27:23.

North West to cool the direction for us. Friday will have some more

:27:23.:27:27.

cloud than we have recently had. Elsewhere, it is an afternoon of

:27:27.:27:30.

blue-sky and warmth. For northern England, plenty of that sunshine

:27:30.:27:34.

around. Some patchy cloud developing in parts of East Anglia

:27:34.:27:39.

and the south-east. We have not had that recently. And across southern

:27:39.:27:42.

England and South Wales. This is where they are likely to see some

:27:42.:27:48.

of the warmest weather. Maybe 22 degrees. The beaches are in great

:27:48.:27:54.

shape. But there is cloud hugging the coast of west and North Wales.

:27:54.:27:57.

It is through the Irish Sea and across Northern Ireland. Just a few

:27:58.:28:02.

holes and that cloud to. Across southern and south-eastern parts of

:28:02.:28:06.

Northern Ireland, it will be warm. Glasgow and Edinburgh still have

:28:06.:28:09.

the sunshine. It will still be quite warm across south-east

:28:09.:28:13.

Scotland. In the evening on Friday, for most, the sunshine will be

:28:13.:28:17.

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