10/04/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. Continued fighting


in Syria after a UN deadline for government forces to start


withdrawing. Despite the bloodshed, the architect of the international


peace plan refuses to admit defeat I believe it's a bit too early to


say that the plan has failed. If for it is too early to say the


plan has failed. A The plan is still on the table and it's a plan


we are all fighting to implement. European human rights judges decide


5 terrorist suspects including the radical preacher Abu Hamza can be


extradited to the United States. From favoured son to the political


wilderness - Bo Xilai is expelled from China's Politburo, his wife


now under investigation over the murder of a British businessman.


Also coming up in the programme: worrying new research into patients


with computer-controlled medical implants. The message - beware


hackers who could cost you your life.


And a hundred years to the day since the Titanic left Southampton


- the city remembers its 500 residents who perished when the


Hello and welcome. It was a deadline that came and


went. The supposed Syrian withdrawal of heavy weapons from


civilian areas - replaced instead with shelling and helicopter


gunships attacks on Homs, Hama and villages near the Turkish border.


Despite Syria's Foreign Minister claiming the withdrawal had begun


the White House claimed it had seen no evidence to that effect.


International envoy, Kofi Annan, however maintained the


international peace plan can still be implemented by Thursday's


deadline of a ceasefire on both sides. Our correspondent Fergal


Keane reports from the Turkey-Syria border.


If the piece is about to dawn, there is no sign of it in Homs.


This is the voice of a cameraman record in the violence. It is being


destroyed by random shelling, 10th April. God is great! In Homs and


other towns, the destruction seemed to be escalating. With time running


out, Kofi Annan came to visit the refugees of the violence. There was


a welcome. Most of these people have fled from the North with


stories of killing and torture. All day, the cavalcade moved from camp


to camp. Some of the refugees we met clung to the hope the mission


might work. TRANSLATION: May be something would happen in Syria.


And we can go back to our families and children. Kofi Annan has been


asked for solutions he can't deliver. It is a question of


achieving a ceasefire and going home. A growing number of voices


are demanding the opposition the armed and achieve a military


victory. The mood of militancy is growing. These men told us they


were from the free Syrian army with little faith in Kofi Annan.


TRANSLATION: We want NATO to come into Syria and give weapons to us


and we want to liberate so we can free the country.


As the clock ticks on the deadline, Kofi Annan's mission looks forlorn.


He continued to press Damascus to push forces back. Let me appeal to


the Syrian government and parties to cease violence in accordance


with the plan and I believe there should be no preconditions for


stopping violence. In Moscow where he met his Russian counterpart,


Syria's foreign minister said they were abiding by the agreement.


TRANSLATION: We have withdrawn of military units from some provinces,


we have allowed a more immediate challenges -- channels to enter and


have reached agreement for humanitarian aid for the needy.


Kofi Annan asked what the world we do if the plan failed. It is a


question bearing down with growing agency. -- what the world would do.


Jonathan head joins us on the border. Pessimism on most fronts


with a surreal will comply, is there a change in thinking on the


Turkish position about buffer zones?


Kofi Annan was here and Turkey reiterated its support his mission.


The truth is they support the mission because it's the only


internationally backed one but they do not believe in it. Because they


did believe, given their proximity and shared border they have to plan


for alternatives. They talk about other steps that must be taken.


They will not give details, they were considering as a last resort


the idea of using their army to establish buffer zones to protect


civilians. Originally they feared they would be flooded by a larger


numbers of refugees. Hundreds of thousands but government officials


are saying it's not just about that, it's now protecting people if the


slaughter continues. We would have to see what happens in the next 48


hours. If the government complied, though the mistrust and the ability


to cheat. A lot of the forces are not in uniform and the plan could


falter even if the deadline which has been stretched by Kofi Annan to


6:00pm on Thursday when the fighting should stop, even if that


happens, Turkey will consider alternatives. Sending their army


over the border is a drastic step and they may plan for it but were


not be in a hurry to put it forward. Also visiting, Julie Sharman and


John McCain and the public response to their message more positive.


lot more from the refugees. There were roars of cheers as John McCain


moved around among the refugees. Kofi Annan was there a long time


and he had a polite protest. People appreciate what he is doing but the


international community has let them down and nobody has any faith


in the Kofi Annan plan because it relies on the good faith of Syrian


government, good faith that has not been to straight -- displayed a to


this conflict. If you have been on the receiving end of the army, you


do not expect people to have any faith in him. They want him gone.


What Kofi Annan seemed willing to see signs of hope, he has been more


robust in a letter he sent to the UN Security Council. Let's get the


latest from Barbara. How much further has he gone in the letter?


Well, the main thrust of his comments was the same as his public


ones, the absolute imperative to press on both parties the need to


stop violence by Thursday morning. He is saying we can still salvage


the peace plan and salvage the efforts to stop violence and both


sides must be impressed upon to do so but he went into more detail


about the Government's performance so far saying it failed to send a


signal of peace in the days leading up to today's deadline for ended


military operations but it had introduced a new conditions which


were not part of the plan and which put at risk the cessation of


violence and although it made some withdrawals in essence it was still


continuing military operations against the people. The Security


Council chose to emphasise to final points in a letter, the president


stressed it wanted to emphasise Kofi Annan's statement that the


government in the next 48 hours had to change its military posturing


around the country. It was essential the government changed


its military posture in a way we could be verified and was


indisputable. The opposition also should stop any violence in order


the government cannot not have any excuse. The other. It emphasised


from the letter was it was deeply concerned about the implementation


of its obligations which were deeply inadequate and also that it


wanted to impress on both parties to keep his Thursday deadline for a


ceasefire. Are there any signs Syria's main backers are shifting


their position, Russia and China? Russia and China have backed


statements from the Security Council so they want pressure on


the government and opposition for a cessation of violence by Thursday.


Anything more than that, it is too early to say.


Now a look at some of the days other news: Court-appointed


psychiatrists in Norway say the right-wing extremist Anders Breivik


is sane. That means he could be sentenced to life in prison for


killing 77 people in Oslo and on the island of Uteoya last July.


Breivik's defence team said he was pleased with the evaluation.


A court in Egypt has spent as a court to draft a constitution.


There was a complaint filed by secular members of parliament


saying the commission is just five -- dominated by his illness. It was


supposed to make important decisions about Islamic law in


Egypt. An old car that previously belonged


to the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, has been put up for sale on


the internet. The Volkswagen that Mrs Merkel bought in the early 1990


has sparked enormous interest with over 150 bidders already offering


more than two hundred times the amount cars of the same make and


vintage would fetch. Five terrorism suspects living in


Britain have lost their battle to avoid extradition to the United


States. They include the radical cleric, Abu Hamza, who's facing 11


terrorism-related charges. Babar Ahmad, who's accused of raising


money for terrorist groups. And two men allegedly involved in US


Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. The ruling by the


European Court of Human Rights said the suspects' human rights would


not be violated by possible life sentences and solitary confinement


in a US "supermax" prison. The A typical Abu Hamza tirade urging


followers to kill. He has been convicted in Britain of inciting


murder. Now, he is one of five suspects facing American justice.


Europe has cleared the way for them to put on a plane acknowledging


they could face life in prison. A I welcome the decision taken by the


European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. This allows the


extradition, the extradition would not be a violation of the human


rights and we will be working to ensure we can hand over these


individuals including Abu Hamza to the United States soon as possible.


As for the charges, he is said to have been involved in a plot to


kidnap Westerners in Yemen, four Britons died. Inside the US,


conspiring a training camp in Oregon. For years, his power base


was Finsbury Park mosque stop in the late 90s this man worked as an


informant gathering intelligence for the police and MI5. I describe


Abu Hamza or as a terrorist in Chief. Very dangerous person.


Abu Hamza in charge, Finsbury Park mosque was a breeding ground for


extremists. Some fell under his influence committed acts of


terrorism. The same oarsman, one of the 217 terrorist cells who failed


to cause carnage for a second time on the London transport system.


Others include the only person convicted in relation to 9/11,


Richard Reid, the shoe bomber and another jailed over the rice in a


poison plot. Four of the men could end up here, Americas modern-day


Alcatraz. A super prison in Colorado court ADX Florence. Abu


Hamza or were not be sent here because he is disabled. He has lost


both his arms and is blind in one night. The five facing extradition


are wanted on a range of charges, including supporting terrorists and


bombing US embassies. One is accused of over 269 counts of


murder. Let's speak to Professor of Law at


the University of Essex. How surprised were you by this ruling?


Not at all surprised on one level because in some ways sending people


to a maximum security prison in the United States from a prison in the


UK with the assurances obtained wasn't necessarily going to raise


so many issues with article 3 of the human rights. What's surprising


is in some ways is some of the statements made by the European


Court of Human Rights with respect to the experiences they would have


once in the United States if they are convicted and then sent there.


Talk us through those comments that were made. They are talking about


solitary confinement, the European Court of Human Rights has a string


of cases dealing with solitary confinement and how it can amount


to inhuman or degrading treatment. One of the things they talk about


his social isolation yet in the judgment it says even when they are


in their cells and that is for the majority of the time they will be


there, they can still communicate even if it's only through the


ventilation system. But to me does not sound like a proper means of


social interaction. If they can talk freely in a recreation periods


and the court accepted this was raised from five hours a week to 10


hours a week and that seemed to There are some cases in America


where people have been held in solitary confinement for 40 years.


Yes. The problem with solitary confinement is the nature of that


confinement. There are various degrees of solitary -- solitude.


The most extreme cases, yes it is degrading and inhumane and it can


swiftly lead to psychological breakdown. What the court has said


is that the experience of solitary confinement still allows for some


and sufficient it is -- social interaction. Does this really clear


the last obstacle to the extradition of Abu Hamza or? First


of all, let me reiterate that Abu Hamza will not be sent away because


of his medical conditions, but no, it doesn't, the case could go to a


grand chamber. How rare is that? is not that rare, in very important


cases, and it depends whether this is seen as such a significant


decision that a whole grand chamber should sit and come to a conclusion


regarding the extradition to a maximum-security prison. Thank you


very much.. In an ultra networked world,


medical science, in particular it medical implants, have flourished.


This is not without risks and research suggests that implants


which communicate wirelessly with systems outside the body could be


vulnerable to hacking. Professor Kevin Fu is a computer scientist


and joins us now. Has this happened or is this just a fear? Could


evening. The good news is that there are no reports of incidents,


security incidents, against medical devices. The real questions is


about insurance for the future as these devices become interconnected


in our daily lives. So what are the risks? If you are looking at


insulin, a malicious hacker could do real harm. In the world of


medical devices, there is a careful risk benefit trade-off. The risks


and the consequences did not require too much imagination, for


instance, an incident on could release insulin more quickly than


necessary. What is harder to understand is the proper balance,


because at insecurity can sometimes make it more difficult to make


devices remained simple. I think you have been working on a shield


to block out anyone else trying to target this device, but are we


looking at a design fault? The people who designed these implants


did not realise understand or plan for what might be happening a few


years down the line. That is a good question. In my view, many of these


devices both in planted and none in planted were designed for the


disconnected world, and they are safe and effective in that world.


The problem is that these devices are increasingly becoming networked


and having path ways to the internet, which brings a different


kind of scenario. Before the internet, there was very little


computer viruses that could spread as quickly as they can today.


Dutch -- can't you download remotely, like we do with our


phones and computers? Could some sort of software be sent by the


very means by which the threat arises? It would be nice to be able


to quickly update software on a medical device for potential


viruses. I do not think that is going to happen soon. Right now,


one makes an appointment with their electric physiologist to get end


update -- an update. Thank you very much.


A minute's silence has been held in the English port of Southampton to


remember more than 500 people from the city who died when the Titanic


sank 100 years ago. A recording of the ship's whistle was played to


mark the moment that the Titanic set sail on her doomed voyage.


The sparkling waters of the dock where excited crowds watched a


giant prepare for C. A century on, Southampton Pause to Remember the


disaster which followed five days later. The city was filled with


excitement. 500 locally recruited crew members crowded the gangways.


Today, descendants exchange stories of that spring morning, of those


they last and the few who survived. He was a book Stewart. Booked


Stewart. He was in charge of life by five. We believe he saved


somebody's life. I feel that what happened that night to him and to


so many others, I have a connection and they just want to be there will


for him. -- Ian Ayre for him. THEY SING.


News of the disaster brought despair to the port. Day and night,


the crowds strange to read the casualty lists. A century on, the


hubbub of a busy port was still as despairing community turned his


thoughts to the horrors of one night on a distant ocean.


SHIP'S HORN BLOWS. Silence broken by a sound which has


not been head since it echoed across the rooftops a century ago,


when the Titanic set her farewells. OTHER SHIPS BLOW HORNS IN RESPONSE.


From around the sprawling docks came the response, as one by one


the visitors laid their tributes and looked back to that departure.


On Southampton Water, the took Calshot, a survivor from that era,


let the flotilla away from berth 44. Away from Southampton, news that


the MS Balmoral, which is retracing the Titanic's route across the


Titanic, has been forced to turn back because of a medical emergency


on board. The ship will return to the Irish coast so that the


passenger can be evacuated. Balmoral is expected to reach the


wreck site to run -- to hold a commemorative service this weekend.


In Southampton, Titanic's loss will be a painful part of the city's


history forever, and families will return home to buy knowing that


this story is still being told. It is more than five years since


the notoriously brutal rebel group Lord's Resistance Army left Uganda.


The rebels have continued to commit atrocities and cause displacement


across the Central African Republic, Eastern Congo and South Sudan. The


North of Uganda is enjoying peace for the first time in decades. Our


correspondent has returned to Kitgum, from where he reported for


the BBC at the height of the conflict.


There is laughter in the dawn chorus these days. Unlike five


years ago, when the war was on, the children of Northern Uganda are now


safe. May we standstill for the national anthem! The hunger to


learn is strong, but it is not interrupted by the terror of


marauding rebels. During that time, they had the trauma of running here


and there, especially if there are gunshots. That was a time when many


young children were defeated. I was here at the height of the


conflict, at this time of day when the sun was setting, there was an


extraordinary spectacle. We're going to leave that. We're


taking you to a press conference been given by Rex and Doran, the


presidential candidate, he was giving this statement. His daughter


has been in hospital for the weekend. We were very concerned


about our role as being the best pair as we possibly could to our


children. We want to make sure they have a country where the American


dream is still possible. A lot of concerns that we had for our family


were that with what is going on in Washington DC and all of the


problems you have heard the talk about on the campaign trail, that


American Dream was slipping not just from the hands of average


Americans, but from all Americans. As good parents, we had to go out


and do what we could, to take on that responsibility for our


children and four children across this country. We started out almost


a year ago now in Somerset, Pennsylvania, and I told my story.


The story of our family, of my grandfather, he came to this


country and worked in the coalmines, and my father, he served our


country in World War II. Throughout the course of this campaign, we


have talked about my stories and stories of our families, but after


a while, as it became less about my stories and more about what kept us


going to weigh your stories. Stories of people across America we


have the privilege of getting to know and to interact with. When you


travel around, one such story was a guy named Chuck who had a pick-up


truck and has joined our team and drove us around for months on end


as a volunteer, because he believed that we provided the best


opportunity to turn this country around. I met a lot of folks in


eyewear who I'll never forget. Talking about his three-year-old


daughter who has been in hospital. He was worrying about what has been


Heavy showers tomorrow. We will have sunny spells as well. We have


low-pressure sitting to the North East, bringing in come the air.


They eat at the sunshine gets clouds bubbling up on Wednesday


morning. That will produce heavy showers. They will be slow moving.


The winds on Wednesday afternoon will be light, which means that the


showers will take a while to be fair way. It is hit and miss. In


between, there will be lengthy spells of sunshine, with


temperatures rising to 14 tree Celsius on Wednesday afternoon.


They are likely to start in western areas and move eastwards. Things


should be dry and brighter by Wednesday afternoon. For Northern


Ireland, sunny spells and scattered showers. A similar fate across, and


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