10/04/2012 World News Today


10/04/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 10/04/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. Continued fighting

:00:08.:00:11.

in Syria after a UN deadline for government forces to start

:00:11.:00:16.

withdrawing. Despite the bloodshed, the architect of the international

:00:16.:00:19.

peace plan refuses to admit defeat I believe it's a bit too early to

:00:19.:00:28.

say that the plan has failed. If for it is too early to say the

:00:28.:00:32.

plan has failed. A The plan is still on the table and it's a plan

:00:33.:00:35.

we are all fighting to implement. European human rights judges decide

:00:35.:00:38.

5 terrorist suspects including the radical preacher Abu Hamza can be

:00:38.:00:44.

extradited to the United States. From favoured son to the political

:00:44.:00:47.

wilderness - Bo Xilai is expelled from China's Politburo, his wife

:00:47.:00:53.

now under investigation over the murder of a British businessman.

:00:53.:00:56.

Also coming up in the programme: worrying new research into patients

:00:56.:01:00.

with computer-controlled medical implants. The message - beware

:01:00.:01:04.

hackers who could cost you your life.

:01:05.:01:07.

And a hundred years to the day since the Titanic left Southampton

:01:08.:01:10.

- the city remembers its 500 residents who perished when the

:01:10.:01:20.
:01:20.:01:28.

Hello and welcome. It was a deadline that came and

:01:28.:01:31.

went. The supposed Syrian withdrawal of heavy weapons from

:01:31.:01:34.

civilian areas - replaced instead with shelling and helicopter

:01:34.:01:39.

gunships attacks on Homs, Hama and villages near the Turkish border.

:01:39.:01:41.

Despite Syria's Foreign Minister claiming the withdrawal had begun

:01:41.:01:46.

the White House claimed it had seen no evidence to that effect.

:01:46.:01:48.

International envoy, Kofi Annan, however maintained the

:01:48.:01:50.

international peace plan can still be implemented by Thursday's

:01:50.:01:55.

deadline of a ceasefire on both sides. Our correspondent Fergal

:01:56.:02:03.

Keane reports from the Turkey-Syria border.

:02:03.:02:11.

If the piece is about to dawn, there is no sign of it in Homs.

:02:11.:02:18.

This is the voice of a cameraman record in the violence. It is being

:02:18.:02:25.

destroyed by random shelling, 10th April. God is great! In Homs and

:02:25.:02:33.

other towns, the destruction seemed to be escalating. With time running

:02:33.:02:43.

out, Kofi Annan came to visit the refugees of the violence. There was

:02:43.:02:47.

a welcome. Most of these people have fled from the North with

:02:47.:02:54.

stories of killing and torture. All day, the cavalcade moved from camp

:02:54.:02:59.

to camp. Some of the refugees we met clung to the hope the mission

:02:59.:03:04.

might work. TRANSLATION: May be something would happen in Syria.

:03:04.:03:10.

And we can go back to our families and children. Kofi Annan has been

:03:10.:03:14.

asked for solutions he can't deliver. It is a question of

:03:14.:03:18.

achieving a ceasefire and going home. A growing number of voices

:03:18.:03:23.

are demanding the opposition the armed and achieve a military

:03:23.:03:29.

victory. The mood of militancy is growing. These men told us they

:03:29.:03:35.

were from the free Syrian army with little faith in Kofi Annan.

:03:35.:03:40.

TRANSLATION: We want NATO to come into Syria and give weapons to us

:03:40.:03:46.

and we want to liberate so we can free the country.

:03:46.:03:52.

As the clock ticks on the deadline, Kofi Annan's mission looks forlorn.

:03:52.:03:58.

He continued to press Damascus to push forces back. Let me appeal to

:03:58.:04:03.

the Syrian government and parties to cease violence in accordance

:04:03.:04:08.

with the plan and I believe there should be no preconditions for

:04:08.:04:15.

stopping violence. In Moscow where he met his Russian counterpart,

:04:15.:04:21.

Syria's foreign minister said they were abiding by the agreement.

:04:21.:04:26.

TRANSLATION: We have withdrawn of military units from some provinces,

:04:26.:04:30.

we have allowed a more immediate challenges -- channels to enter and

:04:30.:04:36.

have reached agreement for humanitarian aid for the needy.

:04:36.:04:43.

Kofi Annan asked what the world we do if the plan failed. It is a

:04:43.:04:51.

question bearing down with growing agency. -- what the world would do.

:04:51.:04:57.

Jonathan head joins us on the border. Pessimism on most fronts

:04:57.:05:02.

with a surreal will comply, is there a change in thinking on the

:05:02.:05:05.

Turkish position about buffer zones?

:05:05.:05:10.

Kofi Annan was here and Turkey reiterated its support his mission.

:05:10.:05:14.

The truth is they support the mission because it's the only

:05:14.:05:20.

internationally backed one but they do not believe in it. Because they

:05:20.:05:27.

did believe, given their proximity and shared border they have to plan

:05:27.:05:31.

for alternatives. They talk about other steps that must be taken.

:05:31.:05:37.

They will not give details, they were considering as a last resort

:05:37.:05:41.

the idea of using their army to establish buffer zones to protect

:05:41.:05:46.

civilians. Originally they feared they would be flooded by a larger

:05:46.:05:50.

numbers of refugees. Hundreds of thousands but government officials

:05:50.:05:54.

are saying it's not just about that, it's now protecting people if the

:05:54.:05:58.

slaughter continues. We would have to see what happens in the next 48

:05:58.:06:02.

hours. If the government complied, though the mistrust and the ability

:06:02.:06:07.

to cheat. A lot of the forces are not in uniform and the plan could

:06:07.:06:13.

falter even if the deadline which has been stretched by Kofi Annan to

:06:13.:06:17.

6:00pm on Thursday when the fighting should stop, even if that

:06:17.:06:25.

happens, Turkey will consider alternatives. Sending their army

:06:25.:06:29.

over the border is a drastic step and they may plan for it but were

:06:29.:06:34.

not be in a hurry to put it forward. Also visiting, Julie Sharman and

:06:34.:06:42.

John McCain and the public response to their message more positive.

:06:42.:06:47.

lot more from the refugees. There were roars of cheers as John McCain

:06:48.:06:52.

moved around among the refugees. Kofi Annan was there a long time

:06:52.:06:59.

and he had a polite protest. People appreciate what he is doing but the

:06:59.:07:03.

international community has let them down and nobody has any faith

:07:03.:07:07.

in the Kofi Annan plan because it relies on the good faith of Syrian

:07:07.:07:12.

government, good faith that has not been to straight -- displayed a to

:07:12.:07:15.

this conflict. If you have been on the receiving end of the army, you

:07:15.:07:22.

do not expect people to have any faith in him. They want him gone.

:07:22.:07:28.

What Kofi Annan seemed willing to see signs of hope, he has been more

:07:28.:07:33.

robust in a letter he sent to the UN Security Council. Let's get the

:07:33.:07:40.

latest from Barbara. How much further has he gone in the letter?

:07:40.:07:44.

Well, the main thrust of his comments was the same as his public

:07:44.:07:49.

ones, the absolute imperative to press on both parties the need to

:07:49.:07:54.

stop violence by Thursday morning. He is saying we can still salvage

:07:54.:07:58.

the peace plan and salvage the efforts to stop violence and both

:07:58.:08:02.

sides must be impressed upon to do so but he went into more detail

:08:02.:08:09.

about the Government's performance so far saying it failed to send a

:08:09.:08:14.

signal of peace in the days leading up to today's deadline for ended

:08:14.:08:16.

military operations but it had introduced a new conditions which

:08:16.:08:21.

were not part of the plan and which put at risk the cessation of

:08:21.:08:27.

violence and although it made some withdrawals in essence it was still

:08:27.:08:30.

continuing military operations against the people. The Security

:08:30.:08:37.

Council chose to emphasise to final points in a letter, the president

:08:37.:08:42.

stressed it wanted to emphasise Kofi Annan's statement that the

:08:42.:08:46.

government in the next 48 hours had to change its military posturing

:08:46.:08:50.

around the country. It was essential the government changed

:08:51.:08:54.

its military posture in a way we could be verified and was

:08:54.:09:00.

indisputable. The opposition also should stop any violence in order

:09:00.:09:07.

the government cannot not have any excuse. The other. It emphasised

:09:07.:09:12.

from the letter was it was deeply concerned about the implementation

:09:12.:09:17.

of its obligations which were deeply inadequate and also that it

:09:17.:09:22.

wanted to impress on both parties to keep his Thursday deadline for a

:09:22.:09:28.

ceasefire. Are there any signs Syria's main backers are shifting

:09:28.:09:34.

their position, Russia and China? Russia and China have backed

:09:34.:09:38.

statements from the Security Council so they want pressure on

:09:38.:09:42.

the government and opposition for a cessation of violence by Thursday.

:09:42.:09:46.

Anything more than that, it is too early to say.

:09:46.:09:49.

Now a look at some of the days other news: Court-appointed

:09:49.:09:51.

psychiatrists in Norway say the right-wing extremist Anders Breivik

:09:51.:09:55.

is sane. That means he could be sentenced to life in prison for

:09:55.:10:00.

killing 77 people in Oslo and on the island of Uteoya last July.

:10:00.:10:08.

Breivik's defence team said he was pleased with the evaluation.

:10:08.:10:13.

A court in Egypt has spent as a court to draft a constitution.

:10:13.:10:17.

There was a complaint filed by secular members of parliament

:10:17.:10:22.

saying the commission is just five -- dominated by his illness. It was

:10:22.:10:25.

supposed to make important decisions about Islamic law in

:10:25.:10:35.
:10:35.:10:38.

Egypt. An old car that previously belonged

:10:38.:10:41.

to the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, has been put up for sale on

:10:41.:10:44.

the internet. The Volkswagen that Mrs Merkel bought in the early 1990

:10:44.:10:47.

has sparked enormous interest with over 150 bidders already offering

:10:47.:10:50.

more than two hundred times the amount cars of the same make and

:10:50.:10:52.

vintage would fetch. Five terrorism suspects living in

:10:52.:10:55.

Britain have lost their battle to avoid extradition to the United

:10:55.:10:57.

States. They include the radical cleric, Abu Hamza, who's facing 11

:10:57.:11:00.

terrorism-related charges. Babar Ahmad, who's accused of raising

:11:00.:11:03.

money for terrorist groups. And two men allegedly involved in US

:11:03.:11:07.

Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. The ruling by the

:11:07.:11:10.

European Court of Human Rights said the suspects' human rights would

:11:10.:11:13.

not be violated by possible life sentences and solitary confinement

:11:13.:11:23.
:11:23.:11:30.

in a US "supermax" prison. The A typical Abu Hamza tirade urging

:11:30.:11:34.

followers to kill. He has been convicted in Britain of inciting

:11:35.:11:41.

murder. Now, he is one of five suspects facing American justice.

:11:41.:11:44.

Europe has cleared the way for them to put on a plane acknowledging

:11:44.:11:54.
:11:54.:12:03.

they could face life in prison. A I welcome the decision taken by the

:12:03.:12:09.

European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. This allows the

:12:09.:12:14.

extradition, the extradition would not be a violation of the human

:12:14.:12:17.

rights and we will be working to ensure we can hand over these

:12:17.:12:22.

individuals including Abu Hamza to the United States soon as possible.

:12:22.:12:26.

As for the charges, he is said to have been involved in a plot to

:12:26.:12:32.

kidnap Westerners in Yemen, four Britons died. Inside the US,

:12:32.:12:38.

conspiring a training camp in Oregon. For years, his power base

:12:38.:12:45.

was Finsbury Park mosque stop in the late 90s this man worked as an

:12:45.:12:49.

informant gathering intelligence for the police and MI5. I describe

:12:49.:12:56.

Abu Hamza or as a terrorist in Chief. Very dangerous person.

:12:56.:13:01.

Abu Hamza in charge, Finsbury Park mosque was a breeding ground for

:13:01.:13:05.

extremists. Some fell under his influence committed acts of

:13:05.:13:13.

terrorism. The same oarsman, one of the 217 terrorist cells who failed

:13:13.:13:18.

to cause carnage for a second time on the London transport system.

:13:18.:13:23.

Others include the only person convicted in relation to 9/11,

:13:23.:13:30.

Richard Reid, the shoe bomber and another jailed over the rice in a

:13:30.:13:36.

poison plot. Four of the men could end up here, Americas modern-day

:13:36.:13:42.

Alcatraz. A super prison in Colorado court ADX Florence. Abu

:13:42.:13:45.

Hamza or were not be sent here because he is disabled. He has lost

:13:45.:13:50.

both his arms and is blind in one night. The five facing extradition

:13:50.:13:55.

are wanted on a range of charges, including supporting terrorists and

:13:55.:14:00.

bombing US embassies. One is accused of over 269 counts of

:14:00.:14:07.

murder. Let's speak to Professor of Law at

:14:07.:14:12.

the University of Essex. How surprised were you by this ruling?

:14:12.:14:21.

Not at all surprised on one level because in some ways sending people

:14:21.:14:26.

to a maximum security prison in the United States from a prison in the

:14:26.:14:33.

UK with the assurances obtained wasn't necessarily going to raise

:14:33.:14:39.

so many issues with article 3 of the human rights. What's surprising

:14:39.:14:45.

is in some ways is some of the statements made by the European

:14:45.:14:51.

Court of Human Rights with respect to the experiences they would have

:14:51.:14:56.

once in the United States if they are convicted and then sent there.

:14:56.:15:03.

Talk us through those comments that were made. They are talking about

:15:03.:15:08.

solitary confinement, the European Court of Human Rights has a string

:15:08.:15:13.

of cases dealing with solitary confinement and how it can amount

:15:13.:15:18.

to inhuman or degrading treatment. One of the things they talk about

:15:18.:15:22.

his social isolation yet in the judgment it says even when they are

:15:22.:15:28.

in their cells and that is for the majority of the time they will be

:15:28.:15:32.

there, they can still communicate even if it's only through the

:15:32.:15:38.

ventilation system. But to me does not sound like a proper means of

:15:38.:15:43.

social interaction. If they can talk freely in a recreation periods

:15:43.:15:47.

and the court accepted this was raised from five hours a week to 10

:15:47.:15:56.

hours a week and that seemed to There are some cases in America

:15:56.:16:00.

where people have been held in solitary confinement for 40 years.

:16:00.:16:05.

Yes. The problem with solitary confinement is the nature of that

:16:05.:16:10.

confinement. There are various degrees of solitary -- solitude.

:16:10.:16:18.

The most extreme cases, yes it is degrading and inhumane and it can

:16:18.:16:27.

swiftly lead to psychological breakdown. What the court has said

:16:27.:16:32.

is that the experience of solitary confinement still allows for some

:16:32.:16:38.

and sufficient it is -- social interaction. Does this really clear

:16:38.:16:45.

the last obstacle to the extradition of Abu Hamza or? First

:16:45.:16:50.

of all, let me reiterate that Abu Hamza will not be sent away because

:16:50.:17:00.
:17:00.:17:00.

of his medical conditions, but no, it doesn't, the case could go to a

:17:00.:17:07.

grand chamber. How rare is that? is not that rare, in very important

:17:07.:17:11.

cases, and it depends whether this is seen as such a significant

:17:11.:17:21.
:17:21.:17:21.

decision that a whole grand chamber should sit and come to a conclusion

:17:21.:17:25.

regarding the extradition to a maximum-security prison. Thank you

:17:25.:17:30.

very much.. In an ultra networked world,

:17:30.:17:35.

medical science, in particular it medical implants, have flourished.

:17:35.:17:39.

This is not without risks and research suggests that implants

:17:39.:17:42.

which communicate wirelessly with systems outside the body could be

:17:42.:17:49.

vulnerable to hacking. Professor Kevin Fu is a computer scientist

:17:49.:17:55.

and joins us now. Has this happened or is this just a fear? Could

:17:55.:18:02.

evening. The good news is that there are no reports of incidents,

:18:02.:18:06.

security incidents, against medical devices. The real questions is

:18:06.:18:10.

about insurance for the future as these devices become interconnected

:18:10.:18:17.

in our daily lives. So what are the risks? If you are looking at

:18:17.:18:24.

insulin, a malicious hacker could do real harm. In the world of

:18:24.:18:29.

medical devices, there is a careful risk benefit trade-off. The risks

:18:29.:18:36.

and the consequences did not require too much imagination, for

:18:36.:18:40.

instance, an incident on could release insulin more quickly than

:18:40.:18:45.

necessary. What is harder to understand is the proper balance,

:18:46.:18:48.

because at insecurity can sometimes make it more difficult to make

:18:48.:18:55.

devices remained simple. I think you have been working on a shield

:18:55.:18:59.

to block out anyone else trying to target this device, but are we

:18:59.:19:04.

looking at a design fault? The people who designed these implants

:19:04.:19:09.

did not realise understand or plan for what might be happening a few

:19:09.:19:15.

years down the line. That is a good question. In my view, many of these

:19:15.:19:19.

devices both in planted and none in planted were designed for the

:19:19.:19:22.

disconnected world, and they are safe and effective in that world.

:19:22.:19:27.

The problem is that these devices are increasingly becoming networked

:19:27.:19:29.

and having path ways to the internet, which brings a different

:19:29.:19:35.

kind of scenario. Before the internet, there was very little

:19:35.:19:43.

computer viruses that could spread as quickly as they can today.

:19:43.:19:48.

Dutch -- can't you download remotely, like we do with our

:19:48.:19:52.

phones and computers? Could some sort of software be sent by the

:19:52.:19:58.

very means by which the threat arises? It would be nice to be able

:19:58.:20:03.

to quickly update software on a medical device for potential

:20:03.:20:10.

viruses. I do not think that is going to happen soon. Right now,

:20:10.:20:16.

one makes an appointment with their electric physiologist to get end

:20:16.:20:26.
:20:26.:20:28.

update -- an update. Thank you very much.

:20:28.:20:31.

A minute's silence has been held in the English port of Southampton to

:20:31.:20:35.

remember more than 500 people from the city who died when the Titanic

:20:35.:20:40.

sank 100 years ago. A recording of the ship's whistle was played to

:20:40.:20:46.

mark the moment that the Titanic set sail on her doomed voyage.

:20:46.:20:50.

The sparkling waters of the dock where excited crowds watched a

:20:51.:20:56.

giant prepare for C. A century on, Southampton Pause to Remember the

:20:56.:21:03.

disaster which followed five days later. The city was filled with

:21:03.:21:08.

excitement. 500 locally recruited crew members crowded the gangways.

:21:08.:21:12.

Today, descendants exchange stories of that spring morning, of those

:21:12.:21:22.
:21:22.:21:23.

they last and the few who survived. He was a book Stewart. Booked

:21:23.:21:30.

Stewart. He was in charge of life by five. We believe he saved

:21:31.:21:34.

somebody's life. I feel that what happened that night to him and to

:21:34.:21:43.

so many others, I have a connection and they just want to be there will

:21:43.:21:52.

for him. -- Ian Ayre for him. THEY SING.

:21:52.:21:58.

News of the disaster brought despair to the port. Day and night,

:21:58.:22:05.

the crowds strange to read the casualty lists. A century on, the

:22:05.:22:09.

hubbub of a busy port was still as despairing community turned his

:22:09.:22:15.

thoughts to the horrors of one night on a distant ocean.

:22:15.:22:20.

SHIP'S HORN BLOWS. Silence broken by a sound which has

:22:20.:22:24.

not been head since it echoed across the rooftops a century ago,

:22:24.:22:34.

when the Titanic set her farewells. OTHER SHIPS BLOW HORNS IN RESPONSE.

:22:34.:22:38.

From around the sprawling docks came the response, as one by one

:22:38.:22:43.

the visitors laid their tributes and looked back to that departure.

:22:43.:22:48.

On Southampton Water, the took Calshot, a survivor from that era,

:22:48.:22:54.

let the flotilla away from berth 44. Away from Southampton, news that

:22:54.:22:58.

the MS Balmoral, which is retracing the Titanic's route across the

:22:58.:23:02.

Titanic, has been forced to turn back because of a medical emergency

:23:02.:23:07.

on board. The ship will return to the Irish coast so that the

:23:07.:23:10.

passenger can be evacuated. Balmoral is expected to reach the

:23:10.:23:15.

wreck site to run -- to hold a commemorative service this weekend.

:23:15.:23:20.

In Southampton, Titanic's loss will be a painful part of the city's

:23:20.:23:24.

history forever, and families will return home to buy knowing that

:23:24.:23:30.

this story is still being told. It is more than five years since

:23:30.:23:34.

the notoriously brutal rebel group Lord's Resistance Army left Uganda.

:23:34.:23:40.

The rebels have continued to commit atrocities and cause displacement

:23:40.:23:45.

across the Central African Republic, Eastern Congo and South Sudan. The

:23:45.:23:49.

North of Uganda is enjoying peace for the first time in decades. Our

:23:49.:23:52.

correspondent has returned to Kitgum, from where he reported for

:23:52.:23:56.

the BBC at the height of the conflict.

:23:56.:24:00.

There is laughter in the dawn chorus these days. Unlike five

:24:00.:24:05.

years ago, when the war was on, the children of Northern Uganda are now

:24:05.:24:14.

safe. May we standstill for the national anthem! The hunger to

:24:14.:24:19.

learn is strong, but it is not interrupted by the terror of

:24:19.:24:24.

marauding rebels. During that time, they had the trauma of running here

:24:24.:24:32.

and there, especially if there are gunshots. That was a time when many

:24:32.:24:35.

young children were defeated. I was here at the height of the

:24:35.:24:40.

conflict, at this time of day when the sun was setting, there was an

:24:40.:24:45.

extraordinary spectacle. We're going to leave that. We're

:24:45.:24:49.

taking you to a press conference been given by Rex and Doran, the

:24:49.:24:53.

presidential candidate, he was giving this statement. His daughter

:24:53.:24:59.

has been in hospital for the weekend. We were very concerned

:24:59.:25:02.

about our role as being the best pair as we possibly could to our

:25:02.:25:09.

children. We want to make sure they have a country where the American

:25:09.:25:17.

dream is still possible. A lot of concerns that we had for our family

:25:17.:25:21.

were that with what is going on in Washington DC and all of the

:25:22.:25:25.

problems you have heard the talk about on the campaign trail, that

:25:25.:25:31.

American Dream was slipping not just from the hands of average

:25:31.:25:39.

Americans, but from all Americans. As good parents, we had to go out

:25:40.:25:43.

and do what we could, to take on that responsibility for our

:25:43.:25:49.

children and four children across this country. We started out almost

:25:49.:25:54.

a year ago now in Somerset, Pennsylvania, and I told my story.

:25:54.:25:59.

The story of our family, of my grandfather, he came to this

:25:59.:26:03.

country and worked in the coalmines, and my father, he served our

:26:03.:26:07.

country in World War II. Throughout the course of this campaign, we

:26:07.:26:11.

have talked about my stories and stories of our families, but after

:26:11.:26:19.

a while, as it became less about my stories and more about what kept us

:26:19.:26:24.

going to weigh your stories. Stories of people across America we

:26:24.:26:30.

have the privilege of getting to know and to interact with. When you

:26:30.:26:34.

travel around, one such story was a guy named Chuck who had a pick-up

:26:34.:26:40.

truck and has joined our team and drove us around for months on end

:26:40.:26:47.

as a volunteer, because he believed that we provided the best

:26:47.:26:52.

opportunity to turn this country around. I met a lot of folks in

:26:52.:26:58.

eyewear who I'll never forget. Talking about his three-year-old

:26:58.:27:07.

daughter who has been in hospital. He was worrying about what has been

:27:07.:27:17.
:27:17.:27:24.

Heavy showers tomorrow. We will have sunny spells as well. We have

:27:24.:27:28.

low-pressure sitting to the North East, bringing in come the air.

:27:28.:27:31.

They eat at the sunshine gets clouds bubbling up on Wednesday

:27:31.:27:38.

morning. That will produce heavy showers. They will be slow moving.

:27:38.:27:41.

The winds on Wednesday afternoon will be light, which means that the

:27:41.:27:46.

showers will take a while to be fair way. It is hit and miss. In

:27:46.:27:50.

between, there will be lengthy spells of sunshine, with

:27:50.:27:54.

temperatures rising to 14 tree Celsius on Wednesday afternoon.

:27:54.:28:03.

They are likely to start in western areas and move eastwards. Things

:28:03.:28:07.

should be dry and brighter by Wednesday afternoon. For Northern

:28:07.:28:11.

Ireland, sunny spells and scattered showers. A similar fate across, and

:28:11.:28:17.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS