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There's collapsing support for the two main political parties. Raymond
AU Brack dies in Paris at the age of 97.
Fierce fighting is continuing for a second day between Sudanese and
South a Sudanese protesters. They are reported to have taken control
of a large board a tame -- border town in Heglig. The African Union
has demanded South Sudan withdrawal from the airfield. -- withdraw.
This is far more than just a squabble over oil. The fighting is
South Sudan says the fighting began when his troops were attacked from
the air and on the ground and they were merely defending themselves.
We are not interested in escalating the situation. The people of south
Sudan and the people of Sudan have no interest in getting into a plea
to kit -- politic war. A few weeks ago, negotiators from both
countries signed a non-aggression pact following talks. That delve --
that deal now seems worth less. Fighting between people from the
areas now known as Sudan and South Sudan dates back hundreds of years
but intensified during Africa's longest civil war. South Sudanese
voted in a referendum for a peace deal. Its separation left key
issues unresolved and intensive negotiations have lit -- made
little progress. Sudan and South Sudan have fought
back from the brink times before. This pattern of occasion clashes is
likely to continue. The seriousness of this fighting in Heglig means a
return to outright war is a step closer.
I am joined by a ambassador Wellens and press attache at the Sudanese
embassy. The African Union has called on
your forces to withdraw from Heglig. Why aren't you? Esme clarify one
thing. It is not Heglig, it is the corruption of the name. It belonged
to the self. The only reason why it is... We are not saying that we
would want to keep it, but we will not allow any aggressive forces to
be based there. We have to stop aerial bombardment and that is the
reason we are not occupying it. We are not claiming it by force. It
would be negotiated as it has been previously. Let us make that clear.
Her you were the aggressors in that and they are just reaction? They
are occupiers. The African Union issued a statement today saying
that it will not allow the occupation of the leak by a South
Sudan and calls for the immediate withdrawal. Is that an error in
terms of the actual location? problem is historically this has
not been put into perspective. They know that. The Court of Arbitration
in the Hague in 2009 placed Heglig in Sudan. You accept that, do you?
We accept that they should do with straw. In a sense, Khartoum cannot
be allowed to accept the PCA and they want to be the judge and not
to the victim. What we are saying is these issues need to be resolved
peacefully. Neither side is talking at the moment. It cannot be allowed
to be the springboard of attacking our population. There has been
aerial bombardment which the -- which has to stop. We are
requesting that the Sudanese Government stops the bombardment.
Hillary Clinton has placed the blame fairly and squarely on the
shoulders of Sudan in terms of harassment and bombardment as well.
There is no harassment or bombardment on the side of the
Sudan. They have not crossed the border and occupied parts of
southern Sudan. Have you been engagement in aerial bombardment of
south Sudanese forces? Of course not? -- of course not. Why should
we do that? We have a mature and responsible manner and have
sacrificed the 5th of the population and the 4th of the
landmass to get peace for the two people. Can we save that a place
was bombed yesterday and five people were killed. Is that not the
Sudan Armed Forces? You are denying that? We repel of the attack. Why
do you bomb the areas? What is happening is that the southern
Sudanese have got two battalions in the north and they have not
withdrawn them, they have not decided to implement the
demobilisation. You are both guilty of arming militias and that has
been clearly documented or do you deny that? If what is happening is
these forces should have been demobilised and that did not happen.
Are you still arming militias which are fighting in the south and do
you accept you are arming militias as well? Our position, it is unfair
to ask. There are two battalions are in our territory. Yes or no?
am saying, no. We have been respecting the territory of Sudan
and halting to agreement what we have signed. They have not held to
their books and therefore they are not able to answer. The truth is we
need to go back to peace. They need to stop bombarding. This has been
dragging on for the last month. Ban Ki-Moon is calling for political
leadership on both sides. Why aren't you negotiating? This
follows a civil war where hundreds of thousands of people have been
displaced. Why can't you sort this out? You are both dependent on oil
and at the moment, it is one long continuous battle. This is the most
reasonable thing to say. It is going through a transitional period
from a guerrilla army and from people who have been fighting in
the Porsche and have been fighting for cabinet positions. In order to
establish proper Government in which the army is controlled by the
civilian Government... They are not fit for Government at the moment?
If they are in a transitional position. We think it should
continue. We have to get into a guerrilla mentality. Is it
predicated on guerrilla tactics? have the most disciplined and we
have shown that to the world and Khartoum knows about that. Our army
is very disciplined but they would not accept being aggressive all the
time. For the sake of all the people in Sudan and self Saddam,
were you get back to the negotiating table? -- South Sudan.
Of course. If they don't withdraw, our army will force them to
withdraw. So, it is war? necessarily. It is not necessary.
It is their delegation who left from the meeting. They should come
back to the table. Paying due both. -- thank you both.
So could he forces his area have continued shelling opposition areas
using tank and artillery fire. State TV said they will stop on
Thursday morning while remaining on a lead. Kofi Annan travelled to
Iran to ask for their support in pressure rising at Damascus to
abide by his peace plan. Many have taken refuge in Turkey. Fergal
Keane sent this report. Waiting for news from the country
they fled. This is an area where arrivals are processed before being
sent on to other camps. We didn't meet anybody who expressed optimism
but a few were willing to give the benefit of the doubt. Is there
going to be peace? TRANSLATION: I hope for that but they have talked
before and it has come to nothing. I do hope for peace. From here, you
can see Syria. It is calm but other parts have become precarious in the
past few days. Syrian forces had fired across, hitting Refugees.
Here, shooting to stop solders from Inside Syria, the last days have
seen a furious fighting. In Homs, troops have pounded opposition
districts with tank fire and mortars. No sign here of any
military withdrawal. In parts of the city, there is little left to
fight over. The activist filming this burning shopping-centre calls
out, "are you watching Kofi Annan? Where is the international
community?" such images have accompanied Kofi Annan. He is
insisting on the possibility of a ceasefire.
If everyone respects it, by 6 o'clock on Thursday 12th, 6 o'clock
in the morning of Thursday 12th, we should see much improved situation
on the ground. As tanks were on the move in Homs,
Kofi Annan could only hope and -- in the assurances he had been given.
This evening, the Government insisted it would stop fighting
tomorrow that it reserved the right to retaliate if attacked.
I am confident my Government is committed to his plan bet at the
same time, since the violence, I can only guarantee our side. I
cannot guarantee the violence from the armed groups and those
countries harbouring them. Be the Free Syrian Army refuses to
believe anything the Government TRANSLATION: I do not believe our
forces will stop shooting because the other side will not stop. If
the other side stopped the Syrian people would march on the
President's palace on the same day. This means the regime want stop.
is possible that the violence across the border may died down
when the deadline runs out tomorrow morning. But there is no likelihood
of a permanent cessation. Of the regime and opposition believe this
is a fight to the finish. That is the logic that has undermined the
Kofi Annan mission from the start. A senior Middle East adviser is
with us now from Washington. Kofi Annan stoically continuing with his
optimism. How important do you think his visit to Iran was today,
given that it is one of Syria's strongest allies? It was important
that Kofi Annan visited Iran. Syria is one of Iran's strongest allies.
I find it unlikely that he will get Iran to budge in any meaningful way,
she performed. The Arabs Spring and the dear little -- you political a
lining that is taking place Zeynel has left Tehran feeling very
uncertain about its place in the region. One of the few certainties
that Iran has is its close alliance with the Al Assad regime in Ceri
and they don't want to jeopardise that in any shape or form. In many
ways area is around's on a strategic ally in the Arab world
left. They will continue to fund such area, they will continue to
provide military equipment. In many ways, Iran is acting as something
like a lifeline for Ceri up. Syria is depleting cash reserves as this
fighting goes on. They do not want to be on the losing side. We have
seen some action from Sept -- Russia and China. I think Iran
understands that there is always one winner here and that is the Al
Assad regime. That is the only group that they can imagine winning
this. They cannot imagine a loss here because of the Toulouse, the
uprising, the people taking part in the uprising, I so turned off by
what Iran has been doing. Their chance on the streets of Damascus
and other cities had been debt to Iran. The other aspect of this is
that we have seen as sectarian element in this fight as well. We
are starting to seek guitar and Saudi Arabia and Turkey form of
something that looks like a Sunni Axis verses Iran which is leading a
Shi'ite axis. This is not entirely as Sunni verses Shi'ite battle.
This is a battle for power. there is a Sunni majority in Syria.
I absolutely right. There is a majority Sunni population. The
conflict as it goes on it is taking on increasingly sectarian tones in
Ceri and that is troubling for Syria. It is also troubling fireman.
Ceri are. They do not want to take on the default Shi'ite power in the
sectarian battle. But they are targeting people like you and other
commentators. Looking ahead over the next few days, there was no
mention in the Ministry of Defence of Syria of the Kofi Annan peace
plan and their remaining on alert. How optimistic are you that there
will be fighting tomorrow? I think of anyone is able to cobble some
Sutton deal together it will be Kofi Annan. He is the superstar of
peacemaking. However, I cannot see any kind of diagram in which the
interests of Syria, the Government and the interest of their activists
come together. He has talked about the position in which Bashar al-
Assad can stay NPower. I am afraid this is going to continue and I am
afraid this peace plan seems to be destined for failure. Thank you
very much for joining us. For thousands of people it had
initially threatened to be a terrible reminder of the tsunami of
2004. The initial quick with a magnitude of 8.6 m people running
from buildings, many fleeing from vehicles. The first quick to place
off the coast of Aceh were tens of 1000 died eight years ago. And
elect was issued for the area. Relief came were a few hours later.
This report from Rachel Harvey. The terror on their faces speaks
volumes. They know all too well what an earthquake and two. In Aceh,
the 2004 tsunami is not ancient history. The memories are still
fresh, still painful. You do not forget the loss of more than
200,000 lives. Antedate the Earth issued another powerful reminder of
this region's volatile foundations. The response - visceral fear. But
this time there was purpose within the panic. A mass movement to
higher ground and the safety, Moss, one of the few buildings to survive
their sunny seven years ago. Local knowledge learned from bitter
experience. The same reaction in the West Coast. Locals guiding
holidaymakers to safety. The heard the siren, followed the signs, knew
what to do. Lessons have been learned. Today's earth cake was
hugely powerful, felt as far away as Bangkok and southern India. So
y'know tsunami this time? In 2004, the one tectonic plate slipped
beneath another displays and a huge volume of whether -- water. Today's
earthquake was lateral. But less likely to spill huge waves.
Nevertheless expose the issue -- the decision to issue an alert was
justified. You never know what kind of earthquake it is. This is when
you analyse the data are arriving all over the world, you can find
out what kind of earthquake it was, what the mechanism was. But when
they sent a warning that, they have no idea of that. No room for
complacency and no sign of it in action. Just help for those who
could not help themselves. Increasingly urgent warnings. A
desperate prayer, and this time, tragedy avoided.
Greece's technocrat Prime Minister Lucas Papademos has called an early
General Election Fahmy sex. The election will be the first since
the debt crisis exploded at the end a 2009, dragging the country into
its worst recession since the Second World War. There was talk of
the spawning it a little bit, but the feeling was that Greece is
going through such intense pain at the moment with the austerity
measures, such deep financial changes that the filling was it was
the right moment to give the voice to the people here in order for a
Government to be elected with a proper mandate in order to put
through the changes that Greece needs in order to continue
receiving international bail-out money. Today look as Aberdeen last
the Prime Minister family requested that Parliament be dissolved and he
is now making their exit from the political scene for now. He has
headed an interim Government here in Greece since November last year
when he took over from happen draw. Last month, after much haggling
here behind the scenes in Greece, Greece managed to secure the second
bail-out. That bail-out was worth 130 billion euros. It was reached
after the country reached a separate deal with private
creditors, European banks and hedge funds to write off at least 50% of
the debt that there eight owed by the Greek Government. Now with the
task done, with Greece avoiding bankruptcy, Lucas Papademos went to
see the present this morning and has formally announced that they
election will be held on Sunday May 6th. One to the chances of them not
forming a coalition. The polls suggest there has been a slump in
support for the Conservatives. it is possible. There is a real
fragmentation of the votes this time round. That is because the two
main parties who have been in Government pushing through the
austerity measures have lost a lot of popularity. Those austerity
measures are deeply unpopular, it is the most punishing austerity
programme in modern history. So they are likely to lose ground to
the smaller parties that are running on and the austerity plans,
they are riding on a wave of social discontent. The opinion polls show
there are five parties, it could contain 5 - 99 parties after the
elections. That will mean any party would have difficulty forming an
effective national Government, let alone a Government that can steer
this country through the worst recession in its modern history.
Their EU and IMF wants to make sure her crease Alexa Government which
will stick to the austerity programme in order to honour its
commitments, but with the anti- austerity programme parties gaining
ground, that does appear possibly in doubt.
France's mourning the death of Raymond Aubrac, one of the
country's last great resistance heroes whose exploits, together
with his wife Lucie, became the stuff of legend. He was 97.
He was one of the earliest members of the Resistance and one of its
last survivors. He began in Lyon, setting up an underground network
and then liaising with another emissary as the created what became,
as the Secret Army. But in 1943, disaster struck as they were
arrested together by the Gestapo at this House in Lyon. One died after
torture, Raymond Aubrac survived. Our spartan my memory is after a
couple of hours interrogation, you are brought back into your cell in
the evening. You know it will go on the next morning. You do not know
whether you will be able not to talk. A more grammar awaited. A few
weeks later, he was able to skate on the Germans, thanks to a daring
attack mounted by his wife Lucie on the convoy carrying him to jail.
Resistance fighters to alongside the first up and shot the driver.
The three remaining German soldiers jumped out of the truck and began
running. But they were surrounded, three of them were killed. One was
wounded and one managed to escape. And 14 prisoners were freed,
including myself. Raymond and Lucie Aubrac escaped to London. All live
longways after their while, was a dying in 2002. They were happy to
talk about the wartime role, inspiring new generations with
their tales of devotion and a sacrifice.
The day of Raymond Aubrac at the age of 87. -- the death. -- at the
Hello, we had fairly widespread showers across the UK today. As
some were outlook for tomorrow, again sunny spells and scattered
showers. The reason for the showers is low pressure sitting turn north-
east, driving colder air down from the north. As the April sunshine
gets to work, the cold air will last and the warmth from the ground
will cost the shower clouds to build and develop. It is through
the mid- morning and early afternoon that we will have some of
her heavy showers. Through tomorrow morning, much of England and Wales
will have these heavy downpours. But as usual they are hit and miss.
Between the showers, lengthy spells of sunshine. Some places may stay
dry altogether. Western areas of Cornwall and western fringes of
wills, inland, we are likely to see frequent heavy downpours. The odd
rumble of thunder likely. In contrast, over Northern Ireland and
much and are then Scotland, and dry outlet for their stay. Sunny skies