11/04/2012 World News Today


11/04/2012

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There's collapsing support for the two main political parties. Raymond

:01:07.:01:17.
:01:17.:01:24.

AU Brack dies in Paris at the age of 97.

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Fierce fighting is continuing for a second day between Sudanese and

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South a Sudanese protesters. They are reported to have taken control

:01:35.:01:45.
:01:45.:01:46.

of a large board a tame -- border town in Heglig. The African Union

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has demanded South Sudan withdrawal from the airfield. -- withdraw.

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This is far more than just a squabble over oil. The fighting is

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South Sudan says the fighting began when his troops were attacked from

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the air and on the ground and they were merely defending themselves.

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We are not interested in escalating the situation. The people of south

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Sudan and the people of Sudan have no interest in getting into a plea

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to kit -- politic war. A few weeks ago, negotiators from both

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countries signed a non-aggression pact following talks. That delve --

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that deal now seems worth less. Fighting between people from the

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areas now known as Sudan and South Sudan dates back hundreds of years

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but intensified during Africa's longest civil war. South Sudanese

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voted in a referendum for a peace deal. Its separation left key

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issues unresolved and intensive negotiations have lit -- made

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little progress. Sudan and South Sudan have fought

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back from the brink times before. This pattern of occasion clashes is

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likely to continue. The seriousness of this fighting in Heglig means a

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return to outright war is a step closer.

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I am joined by a ambassador Wellens and press attache at the Sudanese

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embassy. The African Union has called on

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your forces to withdraw from Heglig. Why aren't you? Esme clarify one

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thing. It is not Heglig, it is the corruption of the name. It belonged

:04:30.:04:40.
:04:40.:04:42.

to the self. The only reason why it is... We are not saying that we

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would want to keep it, but we will not allow any aggressive forces to

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be based there. We have to stop aerial bombardment and that is the

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reason we are not occupying it. We are not claiming it by force. It

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would be negotiated as it has been previously. Let us make that clear.

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Her you were the aggressors in that and they are just reaction? They

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are occupiers. The African Union issued a statement today saying

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that it will not allow the occupation of the leak by a South

:05:34.:05:40.

Sudan and calls for the immediate withdrawal. Is that an error in

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terms of the actual location? problem is historically this has

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:05:55.:06:05.

not been put into perspective. They know that. The Court of Arbitration

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in the Hague in 2009 placed Heglig in Sudan. You accept that, do you?

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We accept that they should do with straw. In a sense, Khartoum cannot

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be allowed to accept the PCA and they want to be the judge and not

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to the victim. What we are saying is these issues need to be resolved

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peacefully. Neither side is talking at the moment. It cannot be allowed

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to be the springboard of attacking our population. There has been

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aerial bombardment which the -- which has to stop. We are

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requesting that the Sudanese Government stops the bombardment.

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Hillary Clinton has placed the blame fairly and squarely on the

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shoulders of Sudan in terms of harassment and bombardment as well.

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There is no harassment or bombardment on the side of the

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Sudan. They have not crossed the border and occupied parts of

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southern Sudan. Have you been engagement in aerial bombardment of

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south Sudanese forces? Of course not? -- of course not. Why should

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we do that? We have a mature and responsible manner and have

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sacrificed the 5th of the population and the 4th of the

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:07:56.:07:56.

landmass to get peace for the two people. Can we save that a place

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was bombed yesterday and five people were killed. Is that not the

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Sudan Armed Forces? You are denying that? We repel of the attack. Why

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do you bomb the areas? What is happening is that the southern

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Sudanese have got two battalions in the north and they have not

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withdrawn them, they have not decided to implement the

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demobilisation. You are both guilty of arming militias and that has

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been clearly documented or do you deny that? If what is happening is

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these forces should have been demobilised and that did not happen.

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Are you still arming militias which are fighting in the south and do

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you accept you are arming militias as well? Our position, it is unfair

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to ask. There are two battalions are in our territory. Yes or no?

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:09:21.:09:23.

am saying, no. We have been respecting the territory of Sudan

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and halting to agreement what we have signed. They have not held to

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their books and therefore they are not able to answer. The truth is we

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need to go back to peace. They need to stop bombarding. This has been

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dragging on for the last month. Ban Ki-Moon is calling for political

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leadership on both sides. Why aren't you negotiating? This

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follows a civil war where hundreds of thousands of people have been

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displaced. Why can't you sort this out? You are both dependent on oil

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and at the moment, it is one long continuous battle. This is the most

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reasonable thing to say. It is going through a transitional period

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from a guerrilla army and from people who have been fighting in

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the Porsche and have been fighting for cabinet positions. In order to

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establish proper Government in which the army is controlled by the

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civilian Government... They are not fit for Government at the moment?

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If they are in a transitional position. We think it should

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continue. We have to get into a guerrilla mentality. Is it

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predicated on guerrilla tactics? have the most disciplined and we

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have shown that to the world and Khartoum knows about that. Our army

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is very disciplined but they would not accept being aggressive all the

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time. For the sake of all the people in Sudan and self Saddam,

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were you get back to the negotiating table? -- South Sudan.

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Of course. If they don't withdraw, our army will force them to

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withdraw. So, it is war? necessarily. It is not necessary.

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It is their delegation who left from the meeting. They should come

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back to the table. Paying due both. -- thank you both.

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So could he forces his area have continued shelling opposition areas

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using tank and artillery fire. State TV said they will stop on

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Thursday morning while remaining on a lead. Kofi Annan travelled to

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Iran to ask for their support in pressure rising at Damascus to

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abide by his peace plan. Many have taken refuge in Turkey. Fergal

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Keane sent this report. Waiting for news from the country

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they fled. This is an area where arrivals are processed before being

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sent on to other camps. We didn't meet anybody who expressed optimism

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but a few were willing to give the benefit of the doubt. Is there

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going to be peace? TRANSLATION: I hope for that but they have talked

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before and it has come to nothing. I do hope for peace. From here, you

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can see Syria. It is calm but other parts have become precarious in the

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past few days. Syrian forces had fired across, hitting Refugees.

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Here, shooting to stop solders from Inside Syria, the last days have

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seen a furious fighting. In Homs, troops have pounded opposition

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districts with tank fire and mortars. No sign here of any

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military withdrawal. In parts of the city, there is little left to

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fight over. The activist filming this burning shopping-centre calls

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out, "are you watching Kofi Annan? Where is the international

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community?" such images have accompanied Kofi Annan. He is

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insisting on the possibility of a ceasefire.

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If everyone respects it, by 6 o'clock on Thursday 12th, 6 o'clock

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in the morning of Thursday 12th, we should see much improved situation

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on the ground. As tanks were on the move in Homs,

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Kofi Annan could only hope and -- in the assurances he had been given.

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This evening, the Government insisted it would stop fighting

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tomorrow that it reserved the right to retaliate if attacked.

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I am confident my Government is committed to his plan bet at the

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same time, since the violence, I can only guarantee our side. I

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cannot guarantee the violence from the armed groups and those

:14:59.:15:03.

countries harbouring them. Be the Free Syrian Army refuses to

:15:03.:15:13.
:15:13.:15:15.

believe anything the Government TRANSLATION: I do not believe our

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forces will stop shooting because the other side will not stop. If

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the other side stopped the Syrian people would march on the

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President's palace on the same day. This means the regime want stop.

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is possible that the violence across the border may died down

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when the deadline runs out tomorrow morning. But there is no likelihood

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of a permanent cessation. Of the regime and opposition believe this

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is a fight to the finish. That is the logic that has undermined the

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Kofi Annan mission from the start. A senior Middle East adviser is

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with us now from Washington. Kofi Annan stoically continuing with his

:15:57.:16:02.

optimism. How important do you think his visit to Iran was today,

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given that it is one of Syria's strongest allies? It was important

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that Kofi Annan visited Iran. Syria is one of Iran's strongest allies.

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I find it unlikely that he will get Iran to budge in any meaningful way,

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she performed. The Arabs Spring and the dear little -- you political a

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lining that is taking place Zeynel has left Tehran feeling very

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uncertain about its place in the region. One of the few certainties

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that Iran has is its close alliance with the Al Assad regime in Ceri

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and they don't want to jeopardise that in any shape or form. In many

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ways area is around's on a strategic ally in the Arab world

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left. They will continue to fund such area, they will continue to

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provide military equipment. In many ways, Iran is acting as something

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like a lifeline for Ceri up. Syria is depleting cash reserves as this

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fighting goes on. They do not want to be on the losing side. We have

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seen some action from Sept -- Russia and China. I think Iran

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understands that there is always one winner here and that is the Al

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Assad regime. That is the only group that they can imagine winning

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this. They cannot imagine a loss here because of the Toulouse, the

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uprising, the people taking part in the uprising, I so turned off by

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what Iran has been doing. Their chance on the streets of Damascus

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and other cities had been debt to Iran. The other aspect of this is

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that we have seen as sectarian element in this fight as well. We

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are starting to seek guitar and Saudi Arabia and Turkey form of

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something that looks like a Sunni Axis verses Iran which is leading a

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Shi'ite axis. This is not entirely as Sunni verses Shi'ite battle.

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This is a battle for power. there is a Sunni majority in Syria.

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I absolutely right. There is a majority Sunni population. The

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conflict as it goes on it is taking on increasingly sectarian tones in

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Ceri and that is troubling for Syria. It is also troubling fireman.

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Ceri are. They do not want to take on the default Shi'ite power in the

:18:38.:18:43.

sectarian battle. But they are targeting people like you and other

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commentators. Looking ahead over the next few days, there was no

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mention in the Ministry of Defence of Syria of the Kofi Annan peace

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plan and their remaining on alert. How optimistic are you that there

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will be fighting tomorrow? I think of anyone is able to cobble some

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Sutton deal together it will be Kofi Annan. He is the superstar of

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peacemaking. However, I cannot see any kind of diagram in which the

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interests of Syria, the Government and the interest of their activists

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come together. He has talked about the position in which Bashar al-

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Assad can stay NPower. I am afraid this is going to continue and I am

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afraid this peace plan seems to be destined for failure. Thank you

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very much for joining us. For thousands of people it had

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initially threatened to be a terrible reminder of the tsunami of

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2004. The initial quick with a magnitude of 8.6 m people running

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from buildings, many fleeing from vehicles. The first quick to place

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off the coast of Aceh were tens of 1000 died eight years ago. And

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elect was issued for the area. Relief came were a few hours later.

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This report from Rachel Harvey. The terror on their faces speaks

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volumes. They know all too well what an earthquake and two. In Aceh,

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the 2004 tsunami is not ancient history. The memories are still

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fresh, still painful. You do not forget the loss of more than

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200,000 lives. Antedate the Earth issued another powerful reminder of

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this region's volatile foundations. The response - visceral fear. But

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this time there was purpose within the panic. A mass movement to

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higher ground and the safety, Moss, one of the few buildings to survive

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their sunny seven years ago. Local knowledge learned from bitter

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experience. The same reaction in the West Coast. Locals guiding

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holidaymakers to safety. The heard the siren, followed the signs, knew

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what to do. Lessons have been learned. Today's earth cake was

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hugely powerful, felt as far away as Bangkok and southern India. So

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y'know tsunami this time? In 2004, the one tectonic plate slipped

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beneath another displays and a huge volume of whether -- water. Today's

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earthquake was lateral. But less likely to spill huge waves.

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Nevertheless expose the issue -- the decision to issue an alert was

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justified. You never know what kind of earthquake it is. This is when

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you analyse the data are arriving all over the world, you can find

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out what kind of earthquake it was, what the mechanism was. But when

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they sent a warning that, they have no idea of that. No room for

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complacency and no sign of it in action. Just help for those who

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could not help themselves. Increasingly urgent warnings. A

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desperate prayer, and this time, tragedy avoided.

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Greece's technocrat Prime Minister Lucas Papademos has called an early

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General Election Fahmy sex. The election will be the first since

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the debt crisis exploded at the end a 2009, dragging the country into

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its worst recession since the Second World War. There was talk of

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the spawning it a little bit, but the feeling was that Greece is

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going through such intense pain at the moment with the austerity

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measures, such deep financial changes that the filling was it was

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the right moment to give the voice to the people here in order for a

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Government to be elected with a proper mandate in order to put

:23:12.:23:16.

through the changes that Greece needs in order to continue

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receiving international bail-out money. Today look as Aberdeen last

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the Prime Minister family requested that Parliament be dissolved and he

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is now making their exit from the political scene for now. He has

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headed an interim Government here in Greece since November last year

:23:33.:23:43.
:23:43.:23:44.

when he took over from happen draw. Last month, after much haggling

:23:44.:23:49.

here behind the scenes in Greece, Greece managed to secure the second

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bail-out. That bail-out was worth 130 billion euros. It was reached

:23:54.:23:57.

after the country reached a separate deal with private

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creditors, European banks and hedge funds to write off at least 50% of

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the debt that there eight owed by the Greek Government. Now with the

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task done, with Greece avoiding bankruptcy, Lucas Papademos went to

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see the present this morning and has formally announced that they

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election will be held on Sunday May 6th. One to the chances of them not

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forming a coalition. The polls suggest there has been a slump in

:24:22.:24:29.

support for the Conservatives. it is possible. There is a real

:24:29.:24:32.

fragmentation of the votes this time round. That is because the two

:24:32.:24:37.

main parties who have been in Government pushing through the

:24:37.:24:42.

austerity measures have lost a lot of popularity. Those austerity

:24:42.:24:47.

measures are deeply unpopular, it is the most punishing austerity

:24:47.:24:49.

programme in modern history. So they are likely to lose ground to

:24:49.:24:53.

the smaller parties that are running on and the austerity plans,

:24:53.:25:00.

they are riding on a wave of social discontent. The opinion polls show

:25:00.:25:04.

there are five parties, it could contain 5 - 99 parties after the

:25:04.:25:09.

elections. That will mean any party would have difficulty forming an

:25:09.:25:12.

effective national Government, let alone a Government that can steer

:25:12.:25:16.

this country through the worst recession in its modern history.

:25:17.:25:20.

Their EU and IMF wants to make sure her crease Alexa Government which

:25:20.:25:23.

will stick to the austerity programme in order to honour its

:25:23.:25:27.

commitments, but with the anti- austerity programme parties gaining

:25:27.:25:34.

ground, that does appear possibly in doubt.

:25:35.:25:38.

France's mourning the death of Raymond Aubrac, one of the

:25:38.:25:42.

country's last great resistance heroes whose exploits, together

:25:42.:25:48.

with his wife Lucie, became the stuff of legend. He was 97.

:25:48.:25:51.

He was one of the earliest members of the Resistance and one of its

:25:51.:25:57.

last survivors. He began in Lyon, setting up an underground network

:25:57.:26:03.

and then liaising with another emissary as the created what became,

:26:03.:26:08.

as the Secret Army. But in 1943, disaster struck as they were

:26:08.:26:18.

arrested together by the Gestapo at this House in Lyon. One died after

:26:18.:26:23.

torture, Raymond Aubrac survived. Our spartan my memory is after a

:26:23.:26:30.

couple of hours interrogation, you are brought back into your cell in

:26:30.:26:37.

the evening. You know it will go on the next morning. You do not know

:26:37.:26:44.

whether you will be able not to talk. A more grammar awaited. A few

:26:44.:26:48.

weeks later, he was able to skate on the Germans, thanks to a daring

:26:48.:26:53.

attack mounted by his wife Lucie on the convoy carrying him to jail.

:26:53.:26:58.

Resistance fighters to alongside the first up and shot the driver.

:26:58.:27:05.

The three remaining German soldiers jumped out of the truck and began

:27:05.:27:13.

running. But they were surrounded, three of them were killed. One was

:27:13.:27:17.

wounded and one managed to escape. And 14 prisoners were freed,

:27:17.:27:25.

including myself. Raymond and Lucie Aubrac escaped to London. All live

:27:25.:27:30.

longways after their while, was a dying in 2002. They were happy to

:27:30.:27:34.

talk about the wartime role, inspiring new generations with

:27:34.:27:40.

their tales of devotion and a sacrifice.

:27:40.:27:49.

The day of Raymond Aubrac at the age of 87. -- the death. -- at the

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Hello, we had fairly widespread showers across the UK today. As

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some were outlook for tomorrow, again sunny spells and scattered

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showers. The reason for the showers is low pressure sitting turn north-

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east, driving colder air down from the north. As the April sunshine

:28:18.:28:23.

gets to work, the cold air will last and the warmth from the ground

:28:23.:28:27.

will cost the shower clouds to build and develop. It is through

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the mid- morning and early afternoon that we will have some of

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her heavy showers. Through tomorrow morning, much of England and Wales

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will have these heavy downpours. But as usual they are hit and miss.

:28:38.:28:43.

Between the showers, lengthy spells of sunshine. Some places may stay

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dry altogether. Western areas of Cornwall and western fringes of

:28:49.:28:53.

wills, inland, we are likely to see frequent heavy downpours. The odd

:28:53.:29:02.

rumble of thunder likely. In contrast, over Northern Ireland and

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much and are then Scotland, and dry outlet for their stay. Sunny skies

:29:06.:29:12.

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