13/04/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


An expensive and short-lived birthday present for North Korea's


founding leader - this $850 million long-range rocket fails to reach


orbit, breaking up and crashing into the Yellow Sea.


North Korea's leadership placed huge importance on the satellite


launch. Its failure is embarrassing. The question is, what sort of


effect will it have on the regime and the young Kim Jong Un?


The first British prime minister ever to visit Burma - David Cameron


praises recent reforms, but warns against complacency. We must


respond with caution, with care. We must always be sceptical and


questioning, because we want to know those changes are irreversible.


Activists in Syria say that several people have been shot dead during


demonstrations after Friday prayers. Also coming up in the programme:


Campaigning in the French presidential elections hots up. As


the candidates prepare to make their final pitches to voters, we


ask what separates the four front And fusing art and entertainment -


the grand masters of electronic music hold a retrospective in New


Hello and welcome. The long and tense build-up to the launch of


North Korea's satellite rocket ended in a spectacular failure,


with a huge splash in the sea. The international community believe


that North Korea had been trying to test a long-range missile, and the


UN today condemned their action, saying it was a violation of UN


resolutions. The rocket launch was part of public celebrations marking


the Kim dynasty that founded North Korea.


The his swagger is that of a naan bread for power up. King Gollum is


29 years old. Today anointed -- Kim Jong Un was today and nodded


Supreme Leader. The third generation of the Kim dynasty. His


father and grandfather ruled before him. North Koreans are taught to


revere them like gods. But the young king's elevation was meant to


be accompanied by news that North Korea had successfully put a


satellite into space, an achievement by such a young man


would reinforce his right to the mantle of power. But there was no


mention here of the rocket blowing up a minute into flight, just a


brief statement earlier in the day that things had not gone to plan.


North Korea's leadership placed huge importance on the satellite


launch. Its failure is embarrassing. The question is, what effect will


it have on the regime and the young Kim Jong Un? Toiling by hand, gangs


of workers line the ball of bards at Pyongyang. The rocket was meant


to be a way of showing North Korean that the socialist state the Kims


have created is technologically advanced. Their neighbour said it


was a disguised to test an intercontinental missile. The young


Kim's father also tested nuclear bombs. This was the last place Kim


Jong Il visited before dying. The tears are genuine. She believes he


is immortal. We visited before the rocket exploded. She told us, we


are grateful to Kim Jong Il for making our nation a powerful and


strong country. Strength and self- reliance. There are virtues that


are taught to all North Koreans. But now this country's neighbours


fear that its young leader, who has suffered a blow to his prestige,


may be tempted to respond with a new show of power. Perhaps by


testing a nuclear bomb. This is already a deeply isolated place,


under sanctions. The developing both missile technology and


nuclear-weapons. But today there was only reference for the Kim


dynasty. It was good? North Koreans are oblivious or


unconcerned at that Kim Jong Un's rocket was a failure and that


America, Britain and the others may now seek to isolate this country


even further at the UN. One man who understands North Korea


better than most is Christopher Hill. Until 2009, he led the US


delegation to the six party talks aimed at resolving concerns over


North Korea's nuclear programme. He joins me now live from Denver. What


impact do you think the failure of this rocket launch will have? Will


it make criticism of North Korea worse, or not have much impact?


Firstly, it is always a good day when one of their tests fails. But


that is not the end of it. The North Koreans intend to improve


their missile technology so that they can get a delivery system for


their nuclear weapon. So we still have an enormous problem. The good


news was the fact that we held together closely with the South


Koreans and the Japanese. There was no sign of arguing about how to


manage this. The diplomatic focus shifted back to the Chinese. They


brokered this recent deal, where the US implicitly agreed to food


aid in return for a freeze on getting the inspectors back into


the country. We will have to see how the Chinese regard this. They


cannot be happy with their neighbours. Looking at what is


going on inside North Korea, this is a fairly unpredictable time. It


is an embarrassing failure for the leadership. Is it going to embolden


them to make more progress with their nuclear plans and to try to


cover up the embarrassment? Could it lead up -- could it lead to a


shake-up of the ruling elite, or might they direct their anger


externally? The first concern many people have is the idea that they


will follow this up by some technological success, which could


be a nuclear test. That could be next. South Koreans believe that is


what is coming. But the North Koreans certainly need to show that


they are in charge of things. Right now, this was a test of Kim Jong


Un's leadership. I would not want to be a North Korean missile


engineer today. I can imagine that there will be a lot of changes to


their missile programme. It is not the first time they have had a


failure with liquid fuel rockets. More broadly, the Kim Jong Un


regime has a lot to do in terms of getting itself established. They


reached an agreement with the Americans and then reneged on it,


suggesting that they did not have their act together in the first


place. So we need to fasten our seatbelts for the next few weeks.


And the United Nations has condemned the rocket launch, saying


it is deplorable. Will they go further? Will this triggering a


round of sanctions or greater action at the Security Council?


Well, North Korea is the most sanctioned country in the world. So


the issue is probably not just getting new sanctions on North


Korea, but to implement the ones we have in a better way. That is where


it will be focused on China. The Chinese are very much preoccupied


with their internal issues right now. They have the succession,


albeit not an election, coming up this year. They have turmoil inside


their own Communist Party. Nonetheless, the Chinese will have


to look at the situation in North Korea and step it up a little. They


have not been able to deliver the North Koreans very much lately.


The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, says he supports a


suspension of sanctions against Burma, except for the ban on the


sale of arms. Mr Cameron, the first Western leader to visit Burma since


a civilian government came to power a year ago and the first serving


British prime minister ever to visit Burma, was speaking after


talks with the democracy leader, Aung San Ms Suu Kyi. Ms Suu Kyi


herself said suspending sanctions would strengthen the position of


the reform movement. This was the moment a British prime


minister oasts set foot in Burma for the first time in more than 60


years, the moment he met the woman whose confinement in this house for


14 years captured the world's attention. But today, she was free


to receive her guest. No longer a political prisoner and instead,


after historic elections, a new member of parliament. Their aim was


to persuade Mr Cameron that her country's removed -- moved to


reform is genuine. His aim was to lend Britain's support for that


change. As a result, he said he sanctions against Burma should not


be lifted, but suspended. Of course we must respond with caution, with


care. We must always be sceptical and questioning, because we want to


know that those changes are irreversible. But as we have


discussed, it is right to suspend the sanctions that there are


against Burma, not to lift them and not to include the arms embargo.


This suspension would have taken place because of the steps taken by


the president and other reformers. It would also make it clear to


those against reform that should they try to obstruct the way of the


reformers, sanctions could come back. David Cameron has never met


Aung San Suu Kyi before, but the smiles and body language show that


he was inspired by what she said. You are sitting in a garden where


you were barely allowed to walk or to stand. Which used to be a jungle


anyway. And only three years ago, you were threatened with prison.


This visit is another example of David Cameron's willingness to play


a bold stroke on the international stage. But for all the symbolic


significance of his meeting today with Aung San Suu Kyi, the real


impact will only be known if reform continues and sanctions are lifted.


And all that depends on how the military-backed government response.


So the Prime Minister travelled along the often empty 20 lane roads


that lead to the imposing palace of Burma's President Thein Sein. He


went to meet a man once at the art of the dictatorship, and now, he


hopes, part of the country's moved to democracy. Along the way, he was


greeted by the traditional water festivities that they believe wash


away people's sins. The smiles were gone, the meeting more formal. But


the Prime Minister welcomed Thein Sein's decision to allow new


elections and urged him to go further in releasing political


prisoners. He left the meeting convinced that the former general


was at least sincere. This is a country where a third of citizens


live in poverty and have waited so many decades to change. Leaving


Burma today, David Cameron believes that change is so deep-seated that


he is inviting Aung San Suu Kyi to London this summer. She has never


felt confident enough to the Tate - - take the risk of leaving the


country before. Today she said she just might.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Reports are coming in that the Sudanese army is advancing towards


the town of Heglig, near the border with South Sudan. The south


Sudanese army occupied the town earlier this week after violent


clashes. Earlier, South Sudan called the UN troops to be deployed


in the area until a political solution can be found.


In Guinea Bissau, the President and Prime Minister have reportedly been


arrested following a military coup on Thursday night. The Prime


Minister, Carlos Gomes Junior, is the front-runner in the


presidential election run-off due to take place at the end of this


month. He was unpopular with the military over plans to scale it


down. The organisers of Formula One say


that the Grand Prix will go ahead in Bahrain as planned next week.


There are concerns about Bahrain hosting the race whilst there is


continuing political unrest in the Gulf state. Pro-democracy groups in


Bahrain have called for the race to be cancelled, but Bernie Ecclestone,


who runs Formula One, says the race is "200%" going to take place there.


Anti-government activists in Syria say that several people have been


shot dead during demonstrations held after Friday prayers. The


violence is a test of the ceasefire brokered by the international envoy


Kofi Annan, which came into force yesterday.


After Friday prayers, demonstrators tried to defy a security cordon and


break through to the main square in the centre of this city. Troops


opened fire, causing pandemonium. Activists said at least one


protester was killed by gunfire and more than 20 others wounded.


Security forces intervened to break up demonstrations in many places


like this, just south of Damascus, where tear-gas was used. But


despite the risks, thousands turned out in many parts of the country to


voice their opposition to the regime. In some places, security


forces apparently did not move in. The overall casualty figures were


much lower than many feared. But away from the demonstrations, the


military are still around with tanks and heavy weapons in many


troubled spots like the third biggest city, Homs. Activists there


said there has been a resumption of bombardment, although not on the


scale that was killing dozens of people a day before the ceasefire.


They also say there has been a wave of arrests. This footage shows


troops apparently randomly detaining a suspect, beating and


kicking him before taking him away. The Government says people are only


arrested with legal warrants. The soldiers also seem to be shooting


at random. Getting them back to barracks with their tanks and heavy


highest priorities in trying to stabilise the shaky truce. So is


getting international observers into the country, while the UN


Security Council ponders a resolution to cover to deportment,


the first group is waiting for a signal to move. At the moment, we


have an advance team standing by to board planes and get themselves on


the ground as soon as possible. Kofi Annan still has a lot to do


before it is trade -- stable. Only then can he get on with the equally


daunting task of trying to foster a political agreement on the


country's future. Members of the United Nations


Security Council say they are finalising a draft resolution


authorising a team of observers to travel to Syria. Our correspondent


joins us from the UN headquarters. Are we expecting that resolution to


be agreed by the end of Friday? had expected it, but it looks as


though there is an unexpected delay. The Russians have raised objections


about the text. There ambassador told us his idea had been for his


simple and brief resolution which would be to get an advanced team on


the ground and then a more detailed resolution in terms of the fuller


mission would be negotiated over the next few days. But he says the


draft he received was too long and complicated, and needed more


negotiation. The main point of contention seems to be detailing


the main conditions the Government would have to meet, including


freedom of movement, freedom of communication and so on. They say


you have to put these things in because these are international


standards for an independent nation. The Russians have now tabled their


own resolution, a shorter one. It is not clear what the next step


will be. The council members will continue to discuss this issue.


Whether they will be able to get over the difference by the end of


the day is not clear. But they are all agreed on the two phases to


this mission, that you have an advance team that goes out, much


smaller, and then something like a up to 300 monitors to observe the


ceasefire? Yes, they agreed on that plan. But the Russians objected to


it all being covered in this draft resolution, or so they say. Their


position is that the advanced team should get on the ground


immediately. But the ambassador said to us today that he wanted


just a short resolution saying that, whereas Western diplomats are


saying you need more detail in terms of the conditions under which


they will work. Staying with Egypt, Egypt's first


post-revolutionary presidential election may be six weeks away, but


political tensions are already rising. The decision of Hosni


Mubarak's former intelligence chief Omar Suleiman to run for the top


job has angered many opponents of the current military government. In


Khyra's iconic Tahrir Square today, thousands of demonstrators gathered


in a mass protest targeting presidential hopefuls lead to the


former regime of Hosni Mubarak. Our correspondent joins us from


Cairo. So these presidential elections were supposed to mark the


start of a new future for Egypt, and yet we are seeing these


demonstrations in Tahrir Square as though nothing has changed?


could say that, but we are now seeing the tension steadily


ratcheting up as we run into the elections. There are arguments over


who is eligible to stand for President. The Muslim Brotherhood


strongly object to the candidacy of Omar Suleiman, the vice-president


of Hosni Mubarak. They see it as a plot to bring back the old system.


We are seeing a wider breakdown of trust between the Muslim


Brotherhood and the ruling military council, a lack of faith between


them. There are reports of a possible exchange between the


Muslim Brotherhood and Field Marshal Tantawi, the head of the


Military Council, about a naughty brother would want to bring in


which would ban Omar Suleiman and other former regime figures from


standing, but the military will not accept that. That is not confirmed


yeah, but we expect that the military are determined to allow


Omar Suleiman to stand. So these demonstrators we are seeing, are


they are essentially Muslim Brotherhood supporters opposed to


Omar Suleiman? Absolutely. We are seeing a lot of division, because


this is almost entirely a demonstration by the Muslim


Brotherhood and other Islamists such as the more hardline sophists.


Next week, there will be a separate demonstration along the same theme


from the more liberal secular opposition. Even the Islamists are


divided among themselves about several different candidates, all


of whom have a chance of becoming President. Even former regime


figures, there are at least three of those in the race, all of whom


have an outside chance of becoming President. And there are also


people opposed to the Muslim Brotherhood candidate running


because although he stepped down as deputy leader, he is essentially


their candidate and they said they would not field a candidate? He is


very much their candidate. And there are legal challenges both to


his candidacy and to the candidacy of the main hardline Islamist who


is standing. So it is really influx at the moment as to who will even


be on the candidate list, let alone It is one of the unwritten rules of


politics that veneer of the vote gets, the more frantic the campaign


becomes. -- the closer the they get for the vote. In France, the


candidates have also trying to make their mark on television. We go


first round of voting ten days away, time is running out for Nicolas


Sarkozy. The President trails in the crucial


second round of polls behind the Socialist front-runner. He has been


closing the gap. TRANSLATION: Nobody cares about the


polls. We will have the results of the first round and in three weeks


the results of the second round. There will be big surprises like


always. It is the battle that we fight, the dynamic we create.


week, the theme was security, and this week the spectre of the


Socialist presidency, which he believes will spook the nervous


financial markets. The problem is that his own voters question what


he has achieved in five years. Riding the wave of that antipathy


is Jean-Luc Melenchon, the champion of the far left. In recent weeks


and in the Place de la Bastille, he has called for a modern revolution


led by the disaffected working- class. He wants a rise in salaries,


retirement at 60. His poll figures are at 15%.


TRANSLATION: Hypothetically, at this time, we need to put our feet


back on the ground. We are here, blah, blah, listen to me. This


campaign is unbelievable. We have never been able to focus because


Nicolas Sarkozy has debated on the side issues. We could not talk


about his record or speak about the future. The poll suggests there is


not much prospect of Jean-Luc Melenchon reaching the second round,


but he could be influential. appeals to an electoral block on


the left. And, if as expected, this newly energised Mode switches to


Zizi and a second round, that could be the tipping point. -- Francois


Hollande. But what will Francois Hollande o them in return? Will he


have to be more to the left than he might have wished? Some of the


noise in the election has come from the far left and far right party of


Marine Le Pen. The parties are promising to raise taxes, seemingly


in denial. But if the crucial second round race is between the


President and Zizi, the focus will probably return to the centre. --


Francoise Holland. One of the most eagerly awaited


media events of the year is currently playing out at the an


MoMA in New York. The reclusive electronic music pioneers Kraftwerk


have started a residency, playing a different album on each night of


the run. The ease of a hardest shows of the week because it is


rare that people get to see a group that is as mysterious -- these are.


Kraftwerk retrospective has been in the making for five years. You need


a certain level of what you can offer and challenged them,


artistically, I think the exhibition is the right thing to do.


It is a total work of art. It is a retrospective, we will play all the


repertoire, chronologically, from the last 40 years. You will always


see them, experience them in one space, like his studio visit. It is


art in the making. They are in the videos themselves. It has a lot to


do with factories, with machines, the perceptions that people have.


Even German music in the late Sixties and Seventies. It was also


a great joke. They proved they were more than machines and what they


did have more to do with life. -- had more. I was born in the late


Sixties in Germany, 20 miles away, and I grow up with them as a source


of contemporary culture. The exhibition is introducing this more


to the American scene. So much of what their art is represented by


records, by recordings, by a certain distance, they are like the


Beach Boys with machines. They are popular. Electronic music pioneers


Kraftwerk in New York. The main news. Tens of thousands of North


Koreans attended a rally marking the 100 anniversary of the founding


father of North Korea. A rocket launch failed when it splashed into


launch failed when it splashed into the sea. That is all from me.


the sea. That is all from me. the sea. That is all from me.


Goodbye. There is nothing warm up on the way


for the weekend and if anything it will feel colder because there is a


stronger breeze and there will be showers around, especially on


Saturday. This is the picture going into the weekend. The weather


France will be the focus for showers. Slowly moving away --


weather fronts. For some of us it will start to brighten up as the


showers moved into the Midlands. For south-east England, mainly dry


and bright. There will be a stronger and chilly breeze. The


showers lasting into the afternoon in the far south-west. Cloud, maybe


sleet. In South Wales, drier and brighter in the afternoon. Maybe a


shower at Aintree for the Grand National. Dry and bright in


Northern Ireland and a chilly breeze in Scotland. A wintry


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