The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
Browse content similar to 16/04/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
This is BBC World News Today. The trial opens in Norway's worst crime
in modern times. A far right salute, and an admission to killing 77
people, but Anders Behring Breivik claims he's not guilty of murder.
TRANSLATION: I acknowledge the acts but I do not plead guilty and I'll
claim that I was doing it in self defence.
Tears as his manifesto is read out in court, but no sign of remorse
for the killings themselves. UN observers arrive in Syria, but
just six of them. We have a special report from inside the northern
province of Idlib where the guns are still firing.
The way it's always been. America's choice of Jim Yong Kim is picked
for the Presidency of the World Bank.
Also coming up in the programme: Claims that a multi-billion dollar
company is profiting from child workers. A BBC investigation
uncovers evidence that children as young as ten are working in mines
Welcome. There were tears but not apparently of remorse today from
Anders Behring Breivik, the man accused of killing 77 people in
Norway last July. Let's get the latest from Jon Sopel in Oslo.
Thank you. Welcome to Oslo over proceedings have finished for the
day. Tomorrow will be an uncomfortable day for Norwegians as
Anders Behring Breivik takes to the stand and gives to estimate that
could go on for four days. Today was not very comfortable with
Anders Behring Breivik arriving in court, release from his handcuffs
and giving an extreme right-wing salute as his opening. He sat
impassively throughout a list of names being read out, killing them
without any apparent feeling when he put bullet after a bulletin to
those poor people on the island of Utoeya. He pleaded not guilty but
he said that he was not responsible because he was acting in self-
defence. Let's get this report now from our correspondent.
The mastermind of Norway's suffering was a lead in with his
hands in Hancock's. He seemed relaxed, eager. He always wanted
the chance to present his views in public. He started with a salute to
the far right. No remorse. For the first time in court, we heard the
voice of the killer. TRANSLATION: I acknowledge these acts but they do
not plead guilty, I will claim to have done it in self-defence.
the first time, he shed a tear, but not, it seems, for his victims. The
court was shown a video that he had made. The motion, most likely, for
his own warped believes. -- emotion. He says the bomb that killed eight
people in Oslo and his killing of 69 people on the island of Utoeya
were the opening shots in a war, a war against multiculturalism.
Against political parties that supported immigration. Each of the
people murdered was named. Two shorts to the head, another in the
back for money. Orders were hit as they tried to escape. -- others.
This trial is being carefully managed, the most disturbing and
sensitive evidence will be given only was the television cameras had
been switched off. Anders Behring Breivik's appearances on camera
will themselves be limited, so was not to give him a platform for his
views. He says this amounts to courtroom Popper grander. --
propaganda. There was access to the car that he drove to get to the
island, the uniform that she was wearing on the island and his
steady progress across the summer camp, each redstart, another death.
And there was this telephone call Wenger, for just a few moments, his
lawyer spoke and defended his client's rights to have his say in
court. TRANSLATION: It would be difficult for the victims to hear
him, but it is his right, and it would be the most important
evidence in deciding if he is legally sane. Among the survivors
in court was this woman. It is good to see him now when you're
surrounded by police and in a safe place, because it gives a little
bit of closure. Are you still afraid of them? No, because he
would be locked up no matter what for the rest of his life. It would
be a long process, and he takes the stand tomorrow.
There is no question about whether Anders Behring Breivik did or did
not commit the 77 murders last July, he said that he did, he admits that
and he says that he wishes he had killed more people. The key
question is if he is sane or insane? Mad or normal? I am joined
by a psychiatrist, how do you charge if somebody is mad or not
mad? This is a question of using the law, because there is one
paragraph in the law. It is one paragraph that says that you are at
the same, it means that you are not psychotic and if you're insane,
then you are psychotic. Which you could easily argue that to kill
that many young people in cold blood shows that you have to be
mad! Yes, but not according to the law, because if you are mad
according to the law, then you have to be psychotic, and that is
different from being mad to as people think of mad. But it is very
difficult for somebody to think that this is a legal definition,
because we think that people judging if somebody is the same or
insane at people like yourself, psychiatrists. Yes, but we have to
follow the law because this is the question that has to be decided by
the law courts. What would be you're key guide? How would you
determined? I would have to see if he is a psychotic or unconscious as
they say, and that he can understand what is the reality in
this case, what is the reality of his relation to the people in
general? Explained to us, there are two reports, one saying that he was
mad or insane and the other that he was normal? Yes, it is very strange
because we have not had this situation before at all, we have
always had two people and be used to be agreeing with what they say,
and sometimes they do not agree, so they have to report and the court
needs to decide, and they take what this applies just say. But it must
be very hard for the Norwegian people to accept when you have had
one group of sight cries just saying that he is mad, he is a
nutcase, and another group saying that he is normal. -- one group of
psychiatrists. Yes, but it depends on how you read the law, actually.
It is only a recommendation to the court. A final question about the
people themselves, the people that have survived on Utoeya, they must
have been going through terrible psychiatric difficulties after
having witnessed something like that. I wonder what sort of
problems they will be suffering? The victims, yes, but they will, of
course, they will have all of these kinds of... They were new to death,
they knew somebody that was killed, something like that, that is a very
big strain for them. Now we're talking about the man that did this,
which is different. OK. Thank you. As we had been hearing, Anders
Behring Breivik takes to the stand tomorrow and his words will not be
televised, but people will be able to report exactly what he says, and
another very uncomfortable, difficult day for Norway, but now
back to the studio. Thank you.
The truce has been in place for five days and is still very fragile,
but the later stage of the Syrian peace plan continued today with the
arrival of international observers in Damascus. The advance party of
just six members is setting up the mission in Syria and trying to
liaise with both sides of the conflict, but with more fighting
today in Homs and Idlib, what are the chances of an enduring truth?
Access to journalists is restricted but our correspondent and his, man
sent this report from inside the province of Idlib.
This is meant to be a truce in Syria, in parts, it doesn't sound
like it. At best, the clamour here feels uneasy. The ground remains
highly dangerous. We moved with rebel fighters into a rehab, a
northern town Fergie under the grip of President Assad. -- firmly. The
Free Syrian Army relies on stealth and they knew this rich well, and
to abandon flats the battles of the war here. But they were unable to
resist the ferocious government offensive that swept through this
region days ago. The international community talks of ceasefires and
peace plans, but the view from the ground is very different.
TRANSLATION: They are buying time. The Government lies to the people.
It lies to the whole world, so it is not surprising that they lied to
Kofi Annan also. They have not stop shooting. Down below, you can
clearly see not all government forces have withdrawn. Every few
minutes, there are short bursts of gunfire. We do not know which side
his shooting, but whoever is responsible, it leaves the peace
plan looking shaky. We're just overlooking the town which is
pretty much a ghost city, and there is some traffic moving in the
distance, but the Government is controlling this area. They have
set up checkpoints and we can see a tank moving and in the last 60
minutes we could hear the sound of gunfire. This is a few days after
the ceasefire is known to have taken place. We sold government
road blocks on the road into town, stopping and checking vehicles.
They were looking for the man they call terrace, the soldiers of the
rebel army. -- called terrorists. Perhaps the rebels had been beaten
and bloodied but they have not bowed. And the fighters admit back
in. The bypass roads and cities and they call the same mission to
protect their homes and families. - - the call this mission. The
struggle is about their future. The girls at the family may be young
but they already know the language and the loss of the revolution.
Last week, this area was under attack. But today, women and girls
dare to leave their homes once again. They come back onto the
streets with a call for change that perhaps is louder than ever.
It is a mistake to think that all Syrians share their view, as some
people see this as an Islamic threat, but if there is to be peace,
it needs to be made in places like this and that does so much death,
positions have only hardened. And fear is never far away. President
Assad's army is slaughtering us, this man says. When Kofi Annan left
last time, they attacked us, says this woman. She has no faith that
the UN monitors will make the difference. After the bloodshed of
the last few weeks, the truth is that these people have simply come
too far and lost too much to give up now. In the words of one, we
will carry on protesting until the last man is standing.
Some of the other news, the Afghan President has said that deadly
attacks by Taliban insurgents across Afghanistan on Sunday
revealed a failure by the intelligence services are both the
Afghan and NATO-led forces. The last of the insurgents that
infiltrators Kabul and launched attacks on the Parliament, NATO Wed
quarters and other embassies had been overpowered. We had been to
one building where militants orchestrated the attack.
This is the scene of one of the fiercest attacks on Kabul, this
half-finished building which is one of the highest in the area are. It
is a building that insurgents be used as a firing position to attack
the nearby British and German embassies. The President is calling
it a huge intelligence failure by both NATO and the Afghan security
forces. But insurgents were in effect able to repeat the same
tactics that be used to lay siege to the American embassy last year.
Again, that was just a short distance away. Afghan security
forces eventually brought things under control here and also at the
Parliament and it was an Afghan lead operation and they have won
praise in some quarters for doing much better than in the past, and
yet, NATO back-up was still essential. Behind the scenes, and
also, directly in the fighting. Sudan's Parliament has voted to
declare south Sudan and enemy after troops captured the main while Phil
last week. Last Tuesday's attack on the wide field has shut down
production there. South Cezanne became independent last year after
a civil war. A female model in Milan Segers paid personally by
Silvio Berlusconi when she attended one of his bunga bunga parties.
Imane Fadil senior arriving in a green jacket said he had seen two
women dressed as nuns stripping off for Mr Berlusconi. He denies
knowing that women at his parties were prostitutes wore a sleeping
Two protesters have climbed onto the roof of the Bahraini em's in
London. -- embassy in London. Activists say the authorities are
withholding treatment from Hassan Mushaima.
Fabrice Muamba has been discharged from hospital after having cardiac
arrest during a game. He was left fighting for his life last month.
In a statement, Muamba thanked the staff who took care of him.
In the end, it went the way it always has done, the World Bank
announcing in the last hour or so that its next President will be the
US nominee Jim Yong Kim. The two remaining candidates were from
Nigeria and America. The US has held the World Bank presscy since
it was founded in 1944. This year there was real pressure to open up
the job to outside competition. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was Nigeria's
candidate. She lost out to Jim Yong Kim, America's candidate. He's a
leading figure in the global health. He's the current President of Ivy
League Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. Uri Dadush has
previously served as the World Bank's director of international
trade and director of economic policy, and he joins us from
Washington. Did the best candidate win? I personally don't think so.
Dr Kim is certainly a remarkable individual, but Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
has broader development and economic policy experience as well
as a deep knowledge of the organisation. So why didn't the
best candidate win? Because it is not an open and competitive process.
It is the subject of enormous amount of horse trading, much of
which happens behind-the-scenes and is guided by the United States,
which is the world's economic and military superpower. The irony is
it was only last year when all 187 members said it would be an open,
transparent decision. Yes, it is ironic. We went through something
that looks like an open process, because differenting candidates
were nominated and interviewed etc, but in practice, it remains a
highly guided process. What are Mr Kim's faults then or failings for
this job? And will it lead to problems within the World Bank in
the future? I dofpbt have a critique of Dr Kim. He is a
remarkable man, who has done quite a lot for development. I tried to
compare the qualifications that you need to have broad based
development institute like the World Bank and I find that the two
other candidates that were put forward fit that job description
much better than does Dr Kim. Now, that's my view. It happens to be a
view of a lot of other development professionals, but you never know.
I can only wish Dr Kim good luck in his very, very important job.
just that Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala had the backing of the the Eeconomist,
the New York Times a lot in the World Bank itself. Should she feel
right to be aggrieved of this process. She didn't even get Russia
backing her, when Russia perhaps as a developing nation, could have
thrown its weight behind her. has an important job as Finance
Minister and economics minister in nigh jeer ya. She's hardly going to
be unemployed. I think she has done the world a service by accepting to
be put forward and by fighting for the job. With respect, that wasn't
quite the question was it. We interviewed her last week and she
was very diplomat nick what she had to say. Should she feel aggrieved?
This is another US block sich up, isn't it? I think she should feel
aggrieved. I suspect she does feel aggrieved. Those of us who want
this to be an open and competitive process and reflecting the
realities of the world economy, where the developing countries are
playing an absolutely fundamental role in driving growth and
prosperity, feel bad about what has happened. We hope that by
interdueinging -- introducing, supposedly introducing a more
competitive process this time, at least there was a discussion, that
we are setting the stage for opening up both the International
Monetary Fund to a non-European and the World Bank to a non-American,
whoever the best person might be. Do you think, though, that this is
probably the last time this is going to happen, that they can't
keep this monopoly going forever? hope so. I cannot tell you that I
am certain of that. But I certainly hope. So I think it's going to be
very important for the viability of these institutions to be seen as
representative of the broader world. It is odd, isn't it, that you now
have the new President of the World Bank appointed in a pretty
untransparent sort of way, perhaps going round and lecturing African
countries about democracy and transparency, when it comes to
their own government bodies? Yes, yes. I agree. That's going to make
it more difficult for Dr Kim. There is going to be a legitimacy issue
right from the first day, but again, you know, people will rally around
the new President. Should he feel embarrassed? I don't know if he
should feel embarrassed, after ul, he was called to this job by the
President of the United States, his leader. I'm sure that he sees it as
doing the best he can to serve his country. Very good to speak to you.
Thank you for joining us. A multibillion dollar commodity
giant stands accused of juxping raw acid and profiting from children
working in a copper mind in Democratic Republic of Congo. An
investigation by BBC panorama found children as young as ten working in
a mine. John Sweeney has this report.
Have you heard of Glencore? It may not be a household name but
it trades a tenth of the wheat that comes onto the world market, a
quarter of barley and half of the copper wh. It was floated on the
London Stock Exchange last year, five of its partners became
billionaires. Chief executive -- the chief executive's stake is now
worth �4 billion. He says it's an ethical business. We care about the
environment, we care about the people. We care about all these
issues in the environments in which we operate. But their copper
refinery in the drk -- Democratic Republic of Congo tells a different
story to. Reach the copper the rock is burnt with sulphuric acid, the
result is an acid water fall. You can see the pollution. You can see
how bad it looks, but you can't smell. It I promise you standing
here it stinks to high heaven. This whole place stinks of acid.
Glencore say the pollution started long before the company took over
the refinery and it has now been stopped. Here's some water I took,
would you like to wash your hands with it, Sir? I can see what it is.
I can see it. Would you like to wash your hands with the water?
I've seen it. I've been to that river. That's what has been dumped
into the river for 50 years. So far the company has made no commitment
to compensate the villagers for the acid this their water. That's not
the only complaint they're facing in the Congo. This is Glencore's
copper mining concession, the company closed the mine four years
ago. Secret filming revealed hundreds of miners working on site,
after a local firm started working there. Some of them were only
Under interNational law it's illegal for anyone under 18 to work
an a mine. Glencore says this is going on without its permission and
that the mine has been taken over by freelance miners. After tracking
lorries and paper work, panorama found strong evidence that some of
the copper ended up in a Glencore smelter. If the material is
arriving at Mupani, we are profiting from child labour. But I
am, with the systems in place, I am sure, unless people can prove
otherwise, how any material came other than our own material can be
arriving at Mupani. If the material is arriving there, I have no idea
how it can be getting there. Glencore is about to become even
more powerful. It's announced plans for a merger with Xstrata another
mining giant. Serious questions remain about how one of the world's
most powerful companies puts ethics into practice.
Our main news: Anders Behring Breivik, who has admitted killing
77 people in two acts of terror in Oslo last July, has gone on trial.
He formally pleaded not guilty for the twin attacks. He showed no
emotion as the prosecuter described in graphic detail how the victims
died. But he did cry when his own propaganda video was shown in
evidence. Hello there. For many of us today
we had the sunshine, but it's all change for tonight and tomorrow's
weather. There's a band of rain moving through, leaving behind
plenty of heavy and blustery showers for much of the afternoon.
It's all courtesy of this low. Weather fronts move in through the
night. For tomorrow, they slowly clear their way eastwards. They are
bumping into cold air across northern Scotland. Here we could
see snow, particularly above higher ground. For the afternoon the
showers are likely to be widespread. They could be heavy and thundery in
a few places. Where we get sunshine in between the showers,
temperatures for the south-east will climb to about 13 to 14. The
wind's gusty as well. Taking the edge off the temperatures across
south-west England, highs of 11 or 12. There's a high chance if you're
heading out tomorrow afternoon you're likely to get caught in a
downpour. Showers scattered across Wales. Temperatures 11 to 12. For
Northern Ireland, we'll see a few showers with temperatures at nine
to ten degrees. In Scotland it's fairly cloudy through the afternoon,
still with this band of rain across northern areas. Again we could see
snow across higher ground. Through the night then that band becomes
quite suburn to clear northern Scotland. The showers tend to fade