17/04/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today with me, Tim Willcox.


Proud of the killings and inspired by the atrocities carried out by


Al-Qaeda - Anders Breivik boasts in court he has carried out the most


spectacular attack in Norway since the Second World War.


As Bahrain gears up for its Formula One Grand Prix, a damning report


into continued and and necessary force against demonstrators. This


is what we are seeing more and more with the demonstrators outside


Manama. They start peaceful but then a young men come up with


Molotov cocktails, confront the police and then the police are


responding with tear gas. You can see they're charging down the hill


towards us here. The death of the British


businessman Neil Hayward in China, now the Prime Minister gets


involved. But what did the British government know and when?


Also coming up, a new technique to treat early prostate cancer.


Ultrasound can do things faster and better.


We are at war. We need a team. the ultimate super hero film, not


just one but a crack team of superheroes as the world of comic


Hello and welcome. The killings, he said, where inspired by Al-Qaeda.


The deaths of his 77 victims in Norway last summer, justified as a


blow against multiculturalism which he claimed was destroying his


country. Anders Breivik added today that his motivation was based on


goodness and not evil. Matthew Price is in Oslo and joins us now.


Yes, contrast the horror of Anders Breivik's crimes, the panic and


screens, with the quiet calm of the courtroom behind me. The thing that


I was most struck by as I sat in that courtroom a few feet from the


descendant -- defendant, was often how polite he appeared. He had also


clearly invested an awful lot of time in working out what he


believes to be a very reasoned justification for the terrible


crimes he committed. That made it no easier for anybody who was this


thing to his words. Norway's most notorious killer was


driven to court ban on time. As one of his defence team also arrived.


The most important thing today is that he gets to explain why he did


what he did. This, as far as he is concerned at least, was to beat his


day, his voice, his words, his own twisted justification. The cameras


were asked to leave. Breivik walked calmly, slowly to the stand,


clutching 13 pages of the printed a statement he wanted to deliver.


I have carried out the most spectacular and sophisticated


attack in Europe since the Second World War, he said. I acted out of


goodness, not evil. These were pre- emptive attacks to protect


Norwegian Society. I ask that I be acquitted.


For over an hour, Breivik presented us with his world view. His belief


that as a white Christian Norwegian, he is no more a terrorist than


indigenous peoples fighting occupation. These were not innocent


children, he told the court, of the teenagers he had killed at the


Labour Party summer camp on the island of Utoeya. They were


actively working to uphold multicultural values. Yes, I would


have done it again. This is what he would have done


again. Some Norwegians are angry that a man who has admitted to


these crimes is now being given a platform to express his views. But


this man, a survivor from the island massacre who studies in


Liverpool disagrees. Some people have questioned even holding this


trial. I think it is important for the


survivors who have to live on with this, to hear the reason why it


happened. We have got to know a lot about that today. Just outside, the


multicultural Oslo that Breivik so despises walks by. Past the


buildings still damage from the bomb he set off here. He will give


more evidence tomorrow. There were, of course, so many


people who were affected directly by Anders Breivik. One of them is


with me now. You were on the island that day and you saw him. How did


you feel when he was giving his evidence today in court? Mixed


feelings. On the one hand it was good to see him there, in a


position rather different from when I saw him last time. And also, I


think it was important to hear his twisted but still coherent ideas on


why he did the things he did and see that they fit into a pattern.


But on the other hand, of course, it reminds you more deeply about


the people that have lost their lives and even more so, the parents


that are here. And he actually mentioned your wife in court. She


is a prominent journalist and commentator here, she often writes


about immigration issues, he ventured not just your wife but the


fact that you and she had had a child. That get very personal for


you, doesn't it? Definitely. It had a very nasty taste to it. Of course,


it makes you think even more about the things he has been doing. But


once again, on the other hand, it really underlines the kind off


world-view he is sharing unfortunately with other people.


The sheer existence of people with a background in Muslim countries,


whether or not they are practising, believing or not is a problem. The


fact that we have a child together and that child will have me as a


father is in his view, a threat and a problem for Norwegian Society.


And that is a very nasty thing. is worth pointing out that you have


a background in a Muslim country. One of the other things that struck


me, you have already pointed towards it, his arguments sounded


rational, thought-out, reasoned, hopefully not too many people


agreed with them but there will be people who agreed with them. These


are arguments about multiculturalism at immigration


which are popping up across Europe at the moment and have been in


political circles as well. Clearly his actions are the actions of we


hope, fridge, dip -- but do you think his arguments are of a Fringe


hit -- here in Norway? arguments have moved from the edges


to the mainstream. We heard from editorials, articles, books and


even from parliamentary positions is a very big threat that needs to


be addressed. Just very quickly, does that mean that he should not


be standing there being able to put across his viewpoints and being


able to reinforce those arguments? On the contrary, I think is good to


hear those arguments in this setting knowing they are connected


to actions which are inherently, there is an inherent tendency


towards violence in political ideology that wants to get rid of


all Muslims in Western countries so it is good to hear this in this


setting rather than on a parliamentary rostrum. Thank you.


It is kind of you to join us. Anders Breivik said I know I have


caused an incredible amount of suffering, that will be no comfort


to his victims. Thank you. With just days to go


before Bahrain's Formula One Grand Prix, the human-rights group


Amnesty International says torture and ill treatment continue. It says


it has evidence of people being kept in prison for participating in


peaceful protests and security forces are using excessive and


unnecessary force against demonstrators. Bahrain's government


have rejected the claims but the BBC's Rupert Wingfield-Hayes has


been caught up in some of the violence.


Another sunset brings another protest. Every evening, they take


to the streets here in their thousands. Down with King Hamad is


the chant, as it has been for more than a year now. Bahrain's Shia


majority is refusing to be silenced. This is what we are seeing more and


more with the demonstrations outside Manama. They start of


peaceful but then young men come out with Molotov cocktails,


confront the police, through the fire bombs and now the police are


responding with tear-gas and their trudging down the hill towards us


here. -- they are charging down the hill. Bernie Ecclestone says


Bahrain is peaceful and say. Tell that to the people who live in the


Shia villages. This is the image Bahrain's government would like the


world to see. Many Bahrainis are delighted Formula One is back.


Within the poor Shia villages, this is how the graffiti artists see it.


The car spewing tear gas is being driven by Formula One supremo


Bernie Eccleston and King Hamad. As race day approaches, this man is on


hunger strike and close to death. Abdulhadi al-Khawaja is a democracy


activist sentenced to life in prison last year by a military


court. My father basically look like a skeleton with skin on it.


His daughter, Zainab, saw her father last Sunday. She says he


could die at any time. My father is everything. Even my faith in


humanity. Losing him would be the worst thing. But I do know that


this is a cause that is worth dying and I do know that my father will


continue. He is not a person who will ever give up. He will continue


fighting. Amnesty International has declared Abdulhadi al-Khawaja a


prisoner of conscience and is demanding his immediate release.


But the Justice Minister says only the courts can decide that. Only


the courts can decide for stud he might be dead by then? I hope not.


We are providing the best medical care possible. If he does die, the


streets here could explode again. The young Shia Bahrainis who take


to the streets every night are impatient for change. We want


democracy, we want freedom. This government, when we ask for that,


it straightaway tries to kill anybody who does this. A year ago,


these people were calling for a limited change. Now they want King


Hamad and his family to go. We can talk now have to Jalila al


Salman, a former vice-president of the teachers as physician who was


imprisoned earlier this year. Herr appealed for a civilian court is


currently ongoing and she is out on bail. She joins us now by webcam


from Manama. The Governor -- government says reforms have been


implemented, you are out on bail, do you accept that some progress


has been made? As citizens in Bahrain, we cannot say anything --


we cannot see anything of these reforms on the ground. If something


has been taking place, we should know it. For me, as an example, I


am sat as a teacher. -- I am sacked as a teacher. I am not at work.


They have not given any reason. government says all public sector


workers who have been reinstated. He is not completely right. Most of


them are returned back and reinstated but not for all of us. I


am an example of that. What do you think should happen regarding the


Grand Prix this weekend? Do you think that the Formula One


authorities should pull out? Actually, I am not a political


person but as a normal citizen in Bahrain, I see what is going on


here in my country and to my people, I think yes, they should pull out


of Bahrain. Formula One should not be here this year again because of


what is happening on the ground. Bahrain is not safe. It is not the


small island is to be before. It is not a peaceful place as people are


saying. We are living in a war. many of your colleagues remain in


prison? We have 13 teachers in prison right now. On top of them is


the President. We are appealing now. We must leave there, thank you. I


think we can speak now on the phone to Fahad Al Binali. He is in Manama


and a spokesperson for the Bahraini national information authority. You


say you have bought about changes but it seems that nothing has


changed on the ground. Are necessary, excessive force used by


security agents against protesters. That is an unfair assessment. First


of all,... That is the spirit which led to the High Commission. That is


why its findings were broadcast to the world that they are still


available online for Bahrainis and anybody else who is interested. It


has to be said that no other Arab leader has opened his government to


Amnesty says the reforms are piecemeal. No senior member of the


security forces has been held to account for the 40 people that died


last year. Many were arrested erroneously and sentenced by a


military court. First of all, it has to be taken into consideration


the report published its findings at the end of November 23rd, a few


months have passed but a lot has happened. So, everything has


miraculously improved in two months, has it? This is exactly why we are


speaking to Amnesty International. A lot has happened on the ground.


You spoke earlier about the dismissed workers, they have been


reinstated except those currently under trial and awaiting judgment.


Earlier, it was said people were... Convicted in a military court,....


The line is dropping out and we are only hearing half of what to say.


Thank you for joining us. The other news: The radical Muslim preacher


Abu Qatada has been arrested in Britain with the government


announcing it intends to deport him. It's expected he will appear at a


special immigration hearing in the next few hours after the Home


Secretary made a statement to parliament. The European Court of


Human Rights blocked his deportation to Jordan in January.


It ruled evidence obtained by torture might be used against him


if he appears at a court in Jordan. The European Union says it's


considering all possible options against Argentina over a decision


to nationalise a Spanish-controlled oil company, YPF. The move by the


Argentine President, Cristina Fernandez, follows months of


tension with Britain over oil exploration off the Falkland


islands. A former London shop worker, who


became governor of one of the wealthiest states in Nigeria, has


been jailed in Britain for money laundering and fraud. James Ibori


admitted stealing nearly eighty million dollars from the coffers of


the oil-rich Delta state to fund a lavish lifestyle. He was sentenced


to 13 years in prison by a court in London.


A jumbo jet carrying NASA's oldest space shuttle, Discovery, has


landed in Washington DC after a dramatic final journey. Thousands


of people watched the shuttle being flown over the capital's most


famous landmarks. Discovery will be put on display at the National Air


and Space Museum at Dulles airport. It flew 39 times in space - more


than any other shuttle. It's a delicate balance for any


Western country keen to build closer trading links with China,


but the death of the British businessman Neil Heywood in


mysterious circumstances in China last November saw his case being


raised at the highest levels today between Prime Minister David


Cameron and a member of China's Politburo. Our diplomatic


correspondent James Robbins reports. The Prime Minister with a man


ranked No. 5 in China's political hierarchy. I warmly welcome you to


Downing Street. The first chance to Britain to send a message directly


to the Chinese leadership. Britain expects a complete and convincing


explanation of Neil Heywood's death. What really happened at this hotel


last November? It is here the body of the British businessman was


discovered, at first the Chinese said he died of excessive alcohol.


He was close to this man, Bo Xilai, brought down by accusations his


wife was involved in murdering Mr Heywood. In the Commons, the


Foreign Secretary was accused of reacting too slowly to the changing


stories from China but William Hague insists it is not the case.


We have demanded an investigation, the Chinese authorities have agreed


to conduct such an investigation, there has been further discussion


about that between the Prime Minister and the visiting member of


the Politburo. I will also meet him shortly. We are pursuing this


carefully and vigorously. Foreign Office is also having to


explain a meeting between Jeremy Browne MP and Bo Xilai on the day


Britain first heard of the death. Although this was going on in the


same city, the government insists there was nothing initially to


suggest there was anything suspicious. No reason to tell the


minister. It is uncomfortable as Britain piles pressure on China to


reveal the full truth. The message is unusually blunt. The government


by insisting the Chinese investigation into the death must


be free from political interference, and must expose the truth, seems to


suggest it has real fears the precise opposite could be the


outcome. A new treatment for prostate cancer


which targets cancer cells with sound waves could control the


disease with far fewer side effects than standard techniques.


Researchers at University College London believe the findings -


albeit on a small sample - could transform future treatment of the


disease, which is the second most common cancer worldwide. The


treatment fires high-frequency non- invasive sound waves directly at


the tumour. The technique called focal therapy. 41 patients took


part in the trial. And twelve months later none had incontinence


- a side effect with other treatments. And just one in ten was


impotent. Joining me in the studio is Louise Dickinson, who worked as


part of the research team at University College London Hospital.


This seems a significant break through but it is a small sample of


people. How concerned should we be about that in terms of


effectiveness? It is a proof of concept trial and a small number of


patients over a short term follow- up so the results are encouraging


but the next step is a larger trial, a medium term of follow up and also


to recruit across a number of centres. And is the principle that


by zapping these cancers effectively in a small way, you can


get the disease earlier? concept is focal therapy so it


targeting the cancers rather than the whole prostate. You're causing


less collateral damage to the surrounding nerds and normal tissue


and fewer side-effects. Is this a technique used with other cancers


to positive effect? It has been but it follows other organ cancers like


breast cancer moved from mastectomy to lumpectomy and we are following


a similar strategy. And is this the reason why the side-effects we


associated previously like incontinence and other problems can


be avoided now? Absolutely, it is preserving the tissue and it helps


your function and had three Cancer Control in the longer term.


terms of the cost, I think it can be done under local anaesthetic?


is a general anaesthetic but patients tend to go home the same


day. That is effectively cost- effective. It is cost-effective as


a treatment. So, this would save the NHS money at a time when it is


under financial strain and scrutiny. Potentially but we need to formally


evaluated that. Discuss the procedure now and how this plan


will be expanded to others who might be offered this, someone with


prostate cancer watching now, what other timings of them being offered


something like this? So, we are expanding this formal trial around


the UK, men there may be suitable might have disease on one side of


the prostate, they would have disease localised to the prostate


and lower intermediate resist rather than high risk. It is one of


the biggest killers, a common cancer than men in this country and


the second most common internationally, why has it taken


so long do you think to develop something like this when it is such


a big killer? The change really is in the diagnostic procedures so we


can now see tumours better with advances in MRI and ultrasound and


we can locate it better compared to the standard diagnostic procedures


until now. That has helped us move towards this concept of vocal


treatment. OK, thank you for coming on. For millions of comic fans


around the world the release of the film The Avengers can't come soon


enough. The film doesn't just feature a single superhero but a


whole army drawn from America's Marvel comic book universe. They


include Thor and Captain America and as Tom Brook reports it's


We are at war. We need a team. There may be an element of hype but


this movie is like no other. France have been a poor night waiting for


previews. I have been looking forward to this movie since I was a


little kid. I love Marvel superheroes. I grew up on The


Avengers. This would make an awesome movie and they have made it.


I am stoked. What sets the film apart is it brings together several


Super heroes into one picture. They include Iron man, Court Of Thunder,


Thor and Captain America. They have served as a teaser for the new


picture. There was a master plan and that involved creating a


universe and bringing these characters together slowly after


each had been established and stood on their own to feed. Mark Ruffalo


who portrays the hulk sees it as a mix of different superheroes with


strong personalities. It is an analogy for the world in a way. It


is where we are. It is even on a small scale in America. Super egos,


powerful people fighting it out, thinking they have the right answer.


The film isn't just a creative endeavour catering to movie fans,


it is also a huge commercial enterprise. It has been estimated


the budget is in excess of $220 million and is predicted it could


set a record for the opening weekend box office for a superhero


movie in the US. It's also spawning a multi- million dollar


merchandising authority including a fashions the dogs, superheroes sell


all sorts of merchandise. The films have become cash generating


machines. The film arrives in cinemas around the world next week


and with its box office takings are likely to be big, it is expected


there will be a sequel to this superhero movie.


A lot of superheroes on their way! A reminder of our main news: The


man accused of killing 77 people last July has boasted of carrying


out the most spectacular attack in Europe since the Second World War.


But he demanded to be acquitted claiming his motivation was good,


not evil. He said he was defending the European Anthony Wall JUN --


Norwegian people against multiculturalism. With preparations


are under way in Bahrain have for the Grand Prix, the decision is


still causing controversy. The human rights group Amnesty


International says torture and ill- treatment are continuing in Bahrain


and that there's evidence of people being kept in prison for


participating in peaceful anti- government protests. That is it


from the programme. From us, Hello, some typical April weather


at the moment, a mixture of sunshine and showers for many.


Tomorrow, a similar day, quite blustery. Some torrential downpours


in the forecast. This low-pressure is driving the weather. It is


sitting across us and in no hurry to move on. The main focus is going


to be across England and Wales. Brighter with sunshine further


north. Across northern England by afternoon it could be very cloudy


and wet and temperatures struggling. A cold afternoon with highs of nine


degrees. Some torrential downpours and thunder in the south with


temperatures around 10 or 11. Some bright spells across Cornwall and


Devon but a scattering of showers. Across Wales, generally overcast


skies, showers are dotted around. You will see a lot of water falling


in a short space of time. Northern Ireland, some brightness,


temperatures nine or 10. A similar data Tuesday. Across Scotland, some


showers, they could be wintry on high ground. On Wednesday night,


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