26/04/2012 World News Today


26/04/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Baddawi. At the special

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court in the Hague, Charles Taylor, the former President of Liberia, is

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found guilty of aiding and abetting crimes by rebels in neighbouring

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Sierra Leone. Having considered all the evidence and the arguments of

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the parties the trial chamber unanimously finds you guilty.

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are live from the Hague and we'll be asking is this finally justice

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for the people of Sierra Leone. Activists in Syria say up to 70

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people have been killed in an explosion in the city of Hama,

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which they blame on government forces.

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Convicted of contempt of court - but Pakistan's prime minister walks

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free from court after receiving a token sentence.

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Also coming up in the programme: Body-builder, film star and

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politician. We'll be talking to the ex-governator, Arnie Schwarzenegger,

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:01:09.:01:18.

about his latest passion - the Hello, and welcome. The former

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president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, has been found guilty of

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aiding and abetting war crimes committed by rebels in neighbouring

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Sierra Leone. This is the judgement of the Special Court in the Hague.

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My colleague Lyse Doucet has been there all day, watching the final

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chapter of this trial reach its conclusion.

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As you can see, the sun is beginning to set Hom what has been

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a cold, wet and windy day here in The Hague. But at the special court,

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more palpable was the propound sense that history was being made.

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But former Liberian President Charles Taylor became the first

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lead to 2 p indicted, tried and convicted by an international

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tribunal. And what a horrific charge list it is. He has been

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found guilty of 11 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

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It is an important moment in the course of international justice but

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from start to finish the trial has been shrouded in controversy.

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The special court for Sierra Leone is sitting in open session for

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judgment in the case of Charles Taylor... It has been a landmark

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day in international justice. Charles Taylor came to court known

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that he may go to prison for the rest of his life. Taylor was

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President of Liberia. He is charged with waging war in neighbouring

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Sierra Leone. No one disputes that forces created terrible atrocities

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there. Civilian populations were to rise, many had their limbs hacked

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off by Misha Taser. But the question before the court was do it

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Charles Taylor or to those crimes? There is insufficient evidence to

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find beyond reasonable doubt... was cleared of directly or print

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the atrocities but the judge asked him to stand to hear that he was

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guilty of aiding and abetting or 11 crimes listed in the charge. The

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judges said the rebel forces had supplied Taylor with diamonds from

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cerulean's minds. In return he had given them arms and ammunition in

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the full knowledge that they would commit crimes against civilians. In

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2010, the supermodel Naomi Campbell, to whom Taylor had allegedly gifted

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cut diamonds, was briefly called to give evidence. Taylor said that he

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should be immune from prosecution. Prosecutors see the judgment as a

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great step forward in their fight against the immunity that heads of

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state have often enjoyed. It is a very important case for the people

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of Sierra Leone, who demanded that this court be created so they might

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have a measure of justice. It is a very important day for the victims

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to have some measure of justice for the terrible suffering. Britain has

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been intimately involved. British troops into veined in Sierra Leone

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in May 2000 and helped end the war. The last Labour government agreed

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that should Taylor be convicted Britain would taking into a British

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jail and foot the bill for his imprisonment. Sentence will be

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passed next month. Taylor might appeal. He has nothing to lose,

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since otherwise his journey from presidential palace to British jail

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is nearly over. This special court for Sierra Leone

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was established 10 years ago. In 2003, the first prosecutor was the

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man who signed and then a unsealed the indictment against Charles

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Taylor. He was here today for the verdict. When we were investigating

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and reviewing the indictment, I made sure that at least two of the

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charges we could prove beyond reasonable doubt before I even

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signed the indictment, so I knew the day was going to come.

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would the first prosecutor for the special court for Sierra Leone.

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Today, the chief defence for Charles Taylor said this was a

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disappointment because the prosecution was not able to

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establish that Charles Taylor was the mastermind and that he had

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command and control. I think at this moment we need to step back.

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This is about justice for the people of Sierra Leone, who have

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suffered greatly. We are taught me at the murder, rape and mediation

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of 1.2 human beings. Putt Group mutilation. We are talking bed him

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being found Gruchy has charged -- guilty. What to say to the people

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in Sierra Leone who said the money would be better spent in helping

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them? I told them as to why I was there, to seek justice for them

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before court of law. They understood that. They understood I

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was not going to be giving them money, I was going to be doing

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another type of justice, the true justice of finding, in an open and

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fair trial, those who bought the greatest this possibility for war

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crimes and crimes against humanity. You will know how political list

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trialist, and many supporters of Taylor are very angry. The worry

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this could have a negative consequence? It is important for

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free people to express themselves unable to that. But I think at the

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end of the date things will come down and people will realise that

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the wall of law is more powerful than the rule of the gun. They have

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a right be disappointed, for whatever reason, but at the end of

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the day I think peace will move forwards. Former prosecutor of

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David Crane. There were ready scenes in the capital of Liberia

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today, people shouting, we want Taylor! His supporters there say

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this is a very political trial. But in Freetown, the couple of Sierra

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Leone, there was rejoicing. So many people were affected by the civil

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war in the 1990s and this represents some kind of closure. My

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colleague Mark Doyle, who covered the civil war in the 1990s, return

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there and he has been speaking to Brima Sheriff of Amnesty

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International and asked her about the implications of the trial for

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the rest of Africa. As a legal expert, what does this kind of bird

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it mean? This Berdych, no doubt, has been able to transfer that four

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states, does not matter who you are, you can be brought to justice for

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its events that you commit. Is it winners justice because Sierra

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Leone won the war with the help of the British and America? I do not

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want to sit on the pass perspective, I want to see it from the fact that

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thousands and thousands of people suffered in this country. There are

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still very visible signs of the war. There are still amputees on the

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street. But it think it has moved beyond this. The process is very

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clear and the defence and the prosecution had the opportunity to

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present their strong arguments. They you have the due at least from

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Freetown. From the special court at Sierra Leone, they hope they will

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have reached a milestone, the first such court to reach its mandate.

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Charles Taylor has been remanded in custody. We spoke to his leading

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defence lawyer who was quite coy about whether they would appeal,

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but an appeal is expected. So the story of Charles Taylor will

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:09:50.:09:50.

continue to resonate in West Africa and beyond for some time to come.

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Now, a look at some of the day's other news.

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Seven people are reported to have been killed in a series of

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explosions in Nigeria. The fatalities happened in blasts at

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two newspaper offices, in the capital, Abuja, and the northern

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city of Kaduna. There's since been another explosion in Kaduna -

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officials are blaming the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, which

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issued a warning last month to journalists not to misrepresent its

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views. Reports are coming in of a suicide

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car or attack in Iraq, some 60 kilometres from bite at. Report

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from the police say 18 people were killed and more than 50 wounded.

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The widows and children of Osama Bin Laden are leaving Pakistan.

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They will travel to Saudi Arabia. They had been living with the Al-

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Qaeda leader of one he was in Pakistan, before his death. At

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Pakistani court had ordered they were in the country illegally. The

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British Foreign Secretary, William Hague, has denied that the

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businessman Neil Haywood was working for the intelligence

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service MI6. Police in China launched a murder investigation

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after Mr Haywood was found dead in a hotel - they've been checking his

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links with the Chinese politician Bo Xilai, who's since been sacked

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from his high-profile job as governor of Chong-ching.

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. More survivors of Anders Breivik's alleged bomb attack in

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Oslo - which killed eight of his 77 victims - have been giving evidence

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at his murder trial. Outside the courtroom, around 40,000 people

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joined a protest against Breivik, singing a children's song which

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he'd earlier described as Marxist brainwashing.

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Some of the handful of United Nations observers in Syria have

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visited the scene of a major explosion in the city of Hama.

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Activists accuse government forces of killing up to 70 people there.

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But state television says the the explosion happened at a house being

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used as a bomb factory by the opposition. Jim Muir has more from

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Beirut, in neighbouring Lebanon. It was clearly an massive explosion

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on the south side of Hama. Several buildings were brought down,

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leaving the scene of huge devastation. There were desperate

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attempts to retrieve the wounded and dead from the rubble. Activists

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called it a massacre. They said the area had been hit by a government

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missile spike or rocket attack, with at least 13 children among the

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dozens of victims. State television also called it a massacre but said

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the blast was caused by an accidental explosion in a building

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being used as a bomb factory by what it called on to terrorist

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groups. There are two United Nations observers permanently

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stationed in Hama. Perhaps they can establish what really happened.

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Violence was reported in many other areas as well, including at her

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township just out Damascus to the north-east with a long history of

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defiance. Activists say it is surrounded by government tanks and

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under constant fire. Un monitors have been here so full-time, but

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the FA hearing continues. In this process we have a role of the

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escalating the situation. We do that and we did that yesterday in

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Duma, by maintaining our presence on the ground, patrolling the area.

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Unless the UN monitors are actually there, government forces seem to be

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pursuing their campaign against rebel fighters as if there were no

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ceasefire. The French are already losing patience. TRANSLATION:

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Either this mediation works or it does not. If it does not we cannot

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continue to allow ourselves to be ignored by this regime which has

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added to none of the six points of the Kofi Annan plan. It is

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something of a race against time. There are still barely a dozen UN

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monitors on the ground. It may take more than a month to get the first

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:14:30.:14:31.

100 in. Meanwhile, the violence Pakistan's prime minister, Yousuf

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Raza Gilani, has been convicted on contempt charges at his country's

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Supreme Court, but he received only a nominal sentence, which means he

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walked free from Court. Mr Gilani was found guilty for disregarding

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an earlier court order to re-open a corruption case against President

:14:42.:14:52.
:14:52.:14:55.

Zardari. Orla Guerin reports from Islamabad. Arriving at the Supreme

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Court on Judgement Day. A shower of petals greeted Yousaf Raza Gilani.

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Flanked by fellow ministers, he headed for court number four, and a

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case that many observers say is politically motivated. The charges

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relate to one old corruption probe in Switzerland against President

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Asif Ali Zardari. The minister defied an order to reopen the

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investigation, insisting the President had immunity as head of

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state. In court, this long-running legal battle came to a speedy

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conclusion. The Prime Minister was convicted of concerned, but given a

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token sentence, imprisoned for the duration of the hearing. Minutes

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later, he walked out, a guilty man, but a free man. The Prime Minister

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is now leaving the court. He has just been convicted of consent. He

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can appeal, and the process could go on. This is quite a day in

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Pakistani politics. A sitting prime minister convicted by the Supreme

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Court. Mr Galley still has questions over his head. There

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could be moves in Parliament to disqualify him. The government has

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a majority there, and is already planning to challenge the

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conviction. The Prime Minister, the Cabinet and the Alliance have

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:16:38.:16:39.

decided to appeal less -- this. Me and my team have been authorised to

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prepare the appeal. So there are more legal moves ahead, but Yousaf

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Raza Gilani had reason to look pleased to date. He escaped a jail

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term, and he may well managed to hang onto his job until elections

:16:54.:17:04.
:17:04.:17:06.

are called, probably later this year. The media tycoon Rupert

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Murdoch has apologised for not keeping a close enough eye on his

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UK media organisations at the Leveson inquiry into press ethics.

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On the second day of his evidence, Mr Murdoch said he's convinced

:17:15.:17:18.

there was a cover-up of phone hacking at the News of the World

:17:18.:17:28.
:17:28.:17:28.

newspaper which was hidden from both him and senior executives.

:17:28.:17:33.

Rupert Murdoch was whisked into court thought they two of his

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evidence. His first appearance focused on his links with British

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prime ministers. This time, it was on the more specific question of

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phone hacking. The judge was curious how the media mogul had not

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got wind of what was going on at the News of the World. Quite apart

:17:50.:17:56.

from the commercial side of it, you would really want to know, as you

:17:56.:18:06.
:18:06.:18:06.

yourself puts it, what the hell was going on, because the news media

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was your doormat printing was running through your veins, I think

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somebody said. We are poor Murdoch took that opportunity to apologise.

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I have to admit some papers are closer to my heart than others, but

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I also have to say that I failed. That may be. A I am very sorry

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about it. I recognise that. Although he was sorry for his lack

:18:37.:18:40.

of oversight, he still reserved most of the Blair thought others.

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He accused the police have not investigated properly, and he

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pointed the finger at those below him who he said get the truth from

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him. There is no question in my mind that maybe even the editor,

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but certainly beyond that, someone took charge of a car that up.

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was the first time Rupert Murdoch had used the phrase caught up in

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connection with this scandal. -- cover up. He said that phone

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hacking would be a blot on his reputation for the rest of his life,

:19:24.:19:34.
:19:34.:19:57.

but insisted he was kept in the dark by his editors. Ukraine has

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begun the construction of a new shelter to seal the devasated

:19:59.:20:01.

Chernobyl nuclear plant, Arnold Schwarzenegger, the

:20:01.:20:03.

Hollywood star who broke into politics, served as California's

:20:03.:20:10.

governor up until last year. His extraordinary life reads like a

:20:10.:20:13.

film script, from migrant to millionaire, actor to politician

:20:13.:20:16.

and now environmental campaigner, who's reviving his acting career.

:20:16.:20:20.

We'll be speaking to him live in a moment. First, let's take a quick

:20:20.:20:27.

look at his career. Bakery in body-building began in

:20:27.:20:33.

the basement of his parents' home in Austria. -- a career in body-

:20:33.:20:42.

building. His first win was Mr Junior Europe. He invested

:20:42.:20:45.

Competition winnings in property and in a body-building equipment

:20:45.:20:55.

company. It was a natural step from lifting weights to Movies, and he

:20:55.:20:59.

became an international superstar. And, of course, there was the

:20:59.:21:03.

Terminator. The next project, politics. Whereas for him to get

:21:04.:21:11.

elected but in California, -- where else for him to get elected but in

:21:11.:21:15.

California. The financial crisis hit California hard. The state is

:21:15.:21:20.

the eighth largest economy in the world. A physical state of

:21:20.:21:25.

emergency was declared, and the state project was slashed. -- a

:21:25.:21:31.

fiscal state of emergency. He tried to make the environment hipper, and

:21:31.:21:40.

to this day, he is passionate on green issues. Arnold Schwarzenegger

:21:40.:21:46.

joins us now, live from Los Angeles. Have you made the environment

:21:46.:21:56.

hipper, do you think? I have been part of several crusades in my life.

:21:56.:22:01.

When I started the fitness crusade, winning the first championships in

:22:01.:22:06.

body-building, Mr Universe, Mr Weld, I said that one day there would be

:22:06.:22:11.

more gymnasiums around the world than supermarkets. That is what

:22:11.:22:15.

happened. There is now more gymnasiums than ever before, more

:22:15.:22:22.

training equipment have been sold than ever before. Everyone is now

:22:22.:22:32.
:22:32.:22:32.

working out. When I stumbled into this environmentally situation when

:22:32.:22:42.
:22:42.:22:43.

I was governor, I saw the power we have as the state -- we have as a

:22:43.:22:50.

state. All great movement started on the ground. I became passionate

:22:50.:22:54.

about it and so we can have a tremendous impact as a state, and

:22:54.:23:03.

we did. We did historic things. Now, I want to inspire the rest of the

:23:03.:23:11.

world. I want to inspire the world not to wait for the rest of the

:23:11.:23:16.

world. Are people in California really convert? You see lots of

:23:16.:23:20.

gas-guzzling cars and people switching on air conditioning. You

:23:20.:23:27.

still have a long way to go. Just so you know, we have made a

:23:28.:23:34.

commitment, we have 20 % renewables. We have created a million so low

:23:34.:23:40.

roofs. Our governments buildings are energy efficient. We have

:23:41.:23:47.

committed to reducing our greenhouse gases by 2020, by 25 %.

:23:47.:23:51.

Great Britain was one of our great examples and inspirations. There is

:23:51.:24:00.

a lot of great action going on in California. California has become

:24:00.:24:04.

40 % more energy efficient than the rest of the United States. If the

:24:04.:24:10.

rest of the United States did the same thing, we could close a 75 %

:24:10.:24:14.

of our coal-fired power plants. There is a long way to go. This is

:24:14.:24:20.

a process over the next few decades. It is important that the rest of

:24:20.:24:28.

the world participate. I think your Prime Minister said it is very

:24:28.:24:37.

important to produce in expensive energy -- in expensive energy,

:24:37.:24:47.
:24:47.:24:48.

rather than just green energy. course, a fossil fuels are a lot

:24:48.:24:56.

cheaper than renewable energy is. There are financial incentives for

:24:56.:25:03.

corporations and countries to invest in green energy is. Let me

:25:03.:25:13.
:25:13.:25:16.

ask you this. Let me briefly say, it is important to recognise when

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we stopped using horses and began to use cars and trucks 100 years

:25:20.:25:24.

ago, it was also more expensive. Yes, it is expensive, but that does

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not mean we should not do it. The future is green energy and so on.

:25:30.:25:34.

That does not mean we should turn our back on fossil fuels, because

:25:34.:25:39.

we still make them. We must only switch over. Given how important

:25:39.:25:45.

you say this errors, look at a Republican presidential campaign. -

:25:45.:25:51.

- given how important you say this is. It is not featuring anywhere.

:25:51.:25:58.

Mitt Romney has hardly mentioned a Green economy. I would not

:25:58.:26:03.

concentrate so much on the presidential campaigns. I think

:26:03.:26:08.

Congress has a very low approval rating. The reason why his because

:26:08.:26:13.

there is no action in Washington. Democrats and Republicans are not

:26:13.:26:23.
:26:23.:26:24.

working together. They are stocked in the ideology -- stock. They have

:26:24.:26:29.

to get together with the President and work out an energy future, work

:26:29.:26:33.

on something that is a plant. Right now, the United States does not

:26:33.:26:43.
:26:43.:26:45.

really have an energy plan. They do not know what the future holds.

:26:45.:26:53.

Thank you very much. Thank you. I'll be back! Cannot say better

:26:53.:27:03.
:27:03.:27:05.

We have had another day of very heavy downpours. That will continue

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into tomorrow. We have low pressure across central areas of the UK at

:27:15.:27:25.
:27:25.:27:27.

the moment. Here, it is a cloudy start to Friday. Showers was soon

:27:27.:27:37.
:27:37.:27:39.

start to develop. More northern areas will brighten up. The

:27:39.:27:46.

southern counties of England, showers will again develop wild lay

:27:46.:27:51.

-- widely. They will be some gusty winds. A pretty grey afternoon

:27:52.:28:01.

force many essential areas. For Northern Ireland and Scotland, a

:28:01.:28:09.

chilly start. Northerly winds will develop. We will see heavy showers

:28:09.:28:16.

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