27/04/2012 World News Today


27/04/2012

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This is BBC World News Today. He's on the run but he's not afraid to

:00:13.:00:17.

speak out. After a daring escape from house arrest China's human

:00:17.:00:19.

rights activist Chen Guangcheng releases a video addressed to the

:00:19.:00:29.
:00:29.:00:37.

TRANSLATION: All rumours on the internet, all the accusations of

:00:37.:00:40.

the violence against me and my family, they are all true. Spain's

:00:40.:00:45.

unemployment reaches a record high, one in four now without a job. The

:00:45.:00:48.

South Korean conglomerate Samsung overtakes the Finnish firm Nokia as

:00:48.:00:51.

the world's leading mobile phone maker. What are they doing right?

:00:51.:00:58.

Also coming up in the programme... The Indian reservation in South

:00:58.:01:04.

Dakota where drink is banned yet alcoholism is rife. The tribe is

:01:04.:01:09.

taking Marise and shops to court for selling them alcohol. There is

:01:09.:01:15.

no more money to buy beer, that is how we drink. Plans to ban

:01:15.:01:25.
:01:25.:01:36.

foreigners from Dutch cannabis Hello and welcome. One of China's

:01:36.:01:38.

most famous human rights activists who's escaped house arrest has

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released a video addressed to Premier Wen Jiabo asking him to

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ensure the safety of his family, investigate local officials and

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punish corruption. The blind lawyer Chen Guangcheng made an

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extraordinary escape from his home in Shandong province on Sunday. His

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location is unknown but supporters say he's safe in Beijing. In a

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moment I will talk to one Chinese dissident in the US. But first...

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The BBC's Damien Grammaticus reports from Beijing. Speaking from

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race secret location, Chen Guangcheng, one of China's most

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famous human rights campaigners. For almost two years he has been

:02:23.:02:27.

under a legal detention. Addressing the Communist leaders directly he

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called of them to investigate his treatment. He said it was an

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example of the unchecked abuses of power happening in China today, all

:02:35.:02:40.

in the name of the Communist Party. How we escape from his village

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confinement is a mystery. A tense like this one to reach him have

:02:45.:02:55.

been blocked by dozens of hired thugs guarding his home. Activists

:02:55.:03:00.

who tried were often attacked and beaten. A year ago footage of Chen

:03:00.:03:03.

Guangcheng and his son under house arrest was smuggled out. Security

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men perched on ladders kept his every move under watch. They are

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thought to have beaten him savagely after this that it was said, so how

:03:12.:03:17.

Baloyi has slipped away is not clear. Chen Guangcheng spent four

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years in this prison after exposing how of thousands of women underwent

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forced abortions and sterilisations. There are now fears for the safety

:03:24.:03:31.

of his wife and child who he left behind. He had a direct question

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for Trina's Premier. He asked Wen Jiabao if the local officials

:03:38.:03:41.

abusing their power were acting alone, or with the support of the

:03:41.:03:44.

central government. He said I think you should give people a clear

:03:44.:03:47.

answer. In recent days China's leaders have struggled to contain

:03:47.:03:54.

one crisis caused by the sacking of the senior politician Bo Xilai. The

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escape of Chen Guangcheng gives them a new problem and focuses yet

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more attention on abuses of power here. We are joined from New

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Orleans by the founder of China Aid, an organisation that aims to

:04:11.:04:15.

promote religious freedom in China. He was forced to flee the country

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16 years ago. Bob, are you worried about the safety of the Chen

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:04:30.:04:33.

Guangcheng, what can happen next to I am concerned over the long-term

:04:33.:04:43.
:04:43.:04:48.

safety for him. But I am assured he is right now 100% safe in the City

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of Beijing. But sooner or later he will have to appear, what kind of

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strategy with his friends and supporters be urging him to make

:04:59.:05:08.

now? -- would his friends. He was offered to come a broad for

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permanent safety but he was reluctant after he escaped out of

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his home. He would like to fight for his freedom and rights in China

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until the end according to what he said. So you have information that

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since his escape from house arrest at a country has offered him safe

:05:34.:05:44.
:05:44.:05:50.

I am not able to tell you that. But so far he is in a safe location and

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he would like his voice to be heard by the international community and

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the highest authority of the Chinese leaders. This comes at a

:06:01.:06:11.
:06:11.:06:15.

How does this fit in with that? We saw the appeal he made to the

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premiere to clean up government in China. After all, this is a blind

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man, a self-taught legal at the best who advocates nothing but a

:06:29.:06:39.
:06:39.:06:44.

rule of law and social justice -- He just wants basic freedom and

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human rights protection guaranteed by the Chinese constitution and

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:06:59.:06:59.

Chinese law. So what kind of threat this blind man could pose -- could

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this blind man pose? He made his appeal to Wen Jiabao and said what

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you say to those corrupt officials who have beaten me? Are they doing

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it with your acquiescence? What do you think is the answer? I think it

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will echo the same mentality Wen Jiabao said in his press conference

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during the National people's Congress in March because even he

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is determined to that without dealing with the corruption, even

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the existence of the party is at stake. So Chen Guangcheng refers

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his own case that by a detaining him and putting hundreds of

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thousands of dollars of monitoring equipment around his family and

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village and there is corrupted officials took financial advantage

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over a case like that. We have to leave it there. Thank you for

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joining us. The latest job statistics from Spain are daunting.

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Almost a quarter of people are unemployed. The foreign ministers

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admitted the country is in crisis of huge proportions. And getting

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Spain out of its current predicament is even tougher now

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because the credit rating agency Standard and Poor's has downgraded

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spade -- Spain's credit worthiness by two points. The queues at the

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unemployment centres in Spain get longer as the jobless rate edges

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towards one in four. It is the highest in Europe and looking for

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work is an increasingly that this task. TRANSLATION: L'Equipe on

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looking. I would take anything that comes up but there is not much

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around. The crisis includes many people there were casualties of the

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boom-and-bust in the construction industry, many of the migrants

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arrived in the good times. TRANSLATION: I have taken loads of

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courses as an electrician thinking the -- the electrician. I took a

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course in massage, that was no good. They do not want to hire me, they

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say I am old. Spain has gone back into recession so the rise in

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unemployment is to be expected. Austerity measures as the

:09:19.:09:23.

government seeks to cut borrowing needs might eventually help by

:09:23.:09:26.

bringing interest rates down but in the short term they just add to the

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pain which is felt acutely by young people. The situation is even worse

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for youth unemployment where the ratio is something like one in two.

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The problem is Spain is in a recession, which is deepening, so

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the likelihood is unemployment will continue to rise substantially

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further. The problems are mounting for the Prime Minister. There has

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been another credit rating downgrade from Standard and Poor's.

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The agency expects the recession to drag on into next year and also

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thinks it increasingly likely the government will have a hefty bill

:09:59.:10:04.

to prop up the country's banks. Labour law reforms should help

:10:04.:10:14.
:10:14.:10:21.

create jobs but the immediate outlook is for higher unemployment.

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Growth in the US economy has slowed. The weakest areas were business

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investment and government spending but consumer spending and exports

:10:32.:10:36.

grew faster than before. At least 27 people had been injured in a

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number of explosions in the Ukraine. The blasts were the near and

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eastern city, the first was close to a central Tam -- tram stop, a

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second device went off near a local cinema. Barcelona are looking for a

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new coach after Pep or dealer confirmed rumours he would leave

:10:58.:11:02.

the Spanish champions at the end of the current season. He said he

:11:02.:11:05.

intended to take a sabbatical from football but will no doubt be

:11:05.:11:11.

courted by a host of leading clubs in an effort to make him change his

:11:11.:11:21.
:11:21.:11:35.

mind. A bomb has exploded in central Damascus and whilst Syrian

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state television is blaming it on a suicide bomber, activist groups say

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the government was behind the attack. At least nine people were

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killed and up to 30 injured. This after UN Secretary General Ban Ki-

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Moon warned the Syrian government that it is "in contravention" of an

:11:48.:11:50.

internationally agreed peace plan. The BBC's Jim Muir reports from

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Beirut. More bad news for Kofi Annan and his peace plan, a suicide

:11:54.:11:55.

bomber in Damascus. State television carried gruesome

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pictures of the aftermath, showing shattered body parts in explicit

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detail. It all reinforces the regime's argument it is facing not

:12:01.:12:04.

a popular uprising but a terrorist onslaught. With government shelling

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still going on, like here in do mad, activist accused the regime of

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being behind the bomb to distract attention from its continuing use

:12:14.:12:18.

of heavy weapons in defiance of the Kofi Annan peace plan. Under the

:12:18.:12:22.

plan, troops and tanks should have gone back to barracks weeks ago.

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Activists say the regime has killed more than 460 people since the UN

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observers started arriving. The regime it uses what it calls armed

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terrorist groups of carrying out a string of assassinations and other

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attacks. It says it has documented more than 1300 violations. Rebel

:12:42.:12:47.

fighters are certainly still active on the ground, like here at Deir

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Ezzor in the east. The and and plan calls for them to stand down, too.

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And up in the north the rebel Free Syrian army was announcing the

:12:56.:13:01.

formation of a new unit, that is also in contravention of the Cave

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and and plan. Crucially, Russia is backing the regime and blaming the

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rebels for provoking the violence. That makes action by the Security

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Council at this stage out of the question. So where do we go from

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here? Yes today two senior US officials told a congressional

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hearing that the US fell to the peace plan was failing and they

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said they were considering contingencies. That seems to me to

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indicate Washington is moving towards a start favoured by the

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Turks and Arab countries, that if the so-called ceasefire falls apart

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that you may have some type of humanitarian zone in the north-west

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of the country. For the moment, Kofi Annan's plan is the only game

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in town, but getting the badly- needed UN observers in is proving

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slow and in the meantime events on the ground are threatening to run

:13:55.:14:04.
:14:05.:14:13.

Nokia at stall the number one -- Samsung has stolen the number one

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spot from Nokia. Even at Apple lost out, it is still the world's third-

:14:22.:14:25.

biggest mobile phone maker but it lost its crown as the biggest maker

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of smart phones to Samsung. I am joined by Rupert good wins, the

:14:31.:14:41.
:14:41.:14:42.

editor of a London based on mind Samsung has come a long way since

:14:42.:14:47.

selling fruit and vegetables. What is it doing now? They have taken

:14:47.:14:54.

over from a lot of companies. They have a particularly good track

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record of having a good idea and are sticking with it for a long

:14:57.:15:02.

time. They're smart phones especially, if you look at the

:15:02.:15:08.

history, they have been making them better and better. They have a

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long-term approach to this. They have sold 25% more smart phones and

:15:15.:15:20.

apple but is this a trend that will definitely continue? It is a trend.

:15:20.:15:23.

Samsung got some advantage by the fact they got them cheaper and can

:15:23.:15:28.

sell them cheaper and this have the same quality field and are more

:15:28.:15:33.

functional than the apple stuff. They're also good at turning out

:15:33.:15:36.

lower-cost feature films which make up the vast majority of phones

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still sold in the world. Samsung used to be said to be just a

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follower and not an original creator of mobile phones and they

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get very upset when you tell them that. What does this tell us about

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the new technology? To some extent, that is still quite accurate. Their

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phones are good. Phone systems are now quite established. They have

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not changed very much since the I phoned him out. The technology is

:16:09.:16:18.

maturing and that is why the market is changing. Microsoft's from the

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software which is what Nokia her using has not really set the world

:16:23.:16:29.

alight. It is very good but it is lacking in features. When it tried

:16:29.:16:35.

in the future? I think they will, they are doing very well. Mobile

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phones, we're all fascinated with them, I think they will sink down a

:16:41.:16:46.

little and by that point, Samsung will do very well. Is the

:16:46.:16:56.
:16:56.:17:03.

significance in the fact that it is in Western Europe? There is a mood

:17:03.:17:07.

perhaps back from the Far East. It doesn't really matter where things

:17:07.:17:14.

are made. They're very simple inside and there isn't much

:17:14.:17:17.

differentiation you can have. The importance as the software and what

:17:17.:17:23.

is going to happen is, the focus will be on the applications rather

:17:23.:17:27.

than the phone itself so that might see things coming back to the West

:17:27.:17:37.
:17:37.:17:40.

again. You can tell me after we come off their what phone you have!

:17:40.:17:47.

In South Dakota, a reservation is home to a tribe that has a huge

:17:47.:17:50.

alcohol problems. Despite the fact that alcohol is banned from the

:17:50.:17:54.

reservation area, stories just across the state line in Nebraska

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have been selling it to them so now, leaders are taking the shops,

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distributors and breweries to court and they are seeking 500 million

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damages. This is home to just 12 residents.

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For surprisingly busy drugstores. These shops still sell 5 million

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bottles of beer a year, more than 13,000 servings a day. And 52 years

:18:26.:18:31.

old and I have come here because I'm an alcoholic. I get my beers

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from here. Most of that beer travels just a short way across the

:18:37.:18:41.

border into South Dakota. On the other side of the state line lies

:18:41.:18:47.

the Pine Ridge Indian reservation, the second largest in America. It

:18:47.:18:51.

is illegal to drink alcohol there but it is estimated that 80% of the

:18:51.:18:57.

families have one or more member who is suffering from alcoholism.

:18:57.:19:02.

As Indians, we drink until there is no tomorrow, to there is no more

:19:02.:19:07.

money to buy beer, that is how we drink. This man is a recovering

:19:07.:19:14.

alcoholic and a father of 12. elsewhere to buy beer additives are

:19:14.:19:21.

half-an-hour to walk. Some people use wheelchairs or crutches when we

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walk up there. The tribal council is suing the shops, the

:19:25.:19:30.

distributors and the breweries. The $500 million suit argues that that

:19:30.:19:33.

the vast amount of beer being sold, companies must know there is being

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used illegally. We have tried many avenues to close alcohol sales

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there. We're looking at what they have given us and that is the

:19:49.:19:53.

respect for our culture and people. The beer company has declined to

:19:53.:20:00.

speak to the BBC. There is little sympathy here for or the lots at.

:20:00.:20:09.

It is not illegal to buy alcohol at a place where it is legal. It is

:20:09.:20:13.

the leaders that are doing some of the same, they are coming down here

:20:13.:20:20.

and buying themselves but then they want to find the lawsuit.

:20:20.:20:25.

thinks that they owe his community something. They could get a

:20:25.:20:29.

treatment centre going, something to say, thank you for on your

:20:29.:20:36.

business. For buying all our alcohol and ruining your lives.

:20:36.:20:43.

They have yet to do that, all they give us his pain.

:20:43.:20:46.

One of arms to Iran's most infamous tour has attractions are the City's

:20:46.:20:50.

coffee shops where you can buy cannabis. Now the industry could be

:20:50.:20:55.

threatened after cafe owners lost their court battle against a

:20:55.:20:58.

government plan to ban tourists from entering the cafes. Soft drugs

:20:59.:21:02.

and the Netherlands are not strictly legal but their use is

:21:02.:21:06.

tolerated. The ban is due initially to come into force in three

:21:06.:21:15.

southern provinces in May. The Netherlands is famous for its

:21:15.:21:20.

liberal approach to soft drugs. While it is not strictly legal to

:21:20.:21:28.

smoke cannabis here, its use is tolerated. The Dutch government

:21:28.:21:31.

decriminalised the possession of less than five grams of cannabis in

:21:31.:21:41.

1976. Cannabis cafes or coffee shops are a major site in most

:21:41.:21:47.

cities and a major attraction for tourists. Now the government wants

:21:47.:21:54.

to tighten the restrictions. think it is ridiculous. It is a

:21:54.:21:58.

shame because I believe the world really admires the Dutch for their

:21:58.:22:02.

pragmatic and forward-thinking view on how to handle what they consider

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salt trucks and it just seems that they are literally going back in

:22:08.:22:18.

time. The new law is designed to cut the number of drug tourists who,

:22:18.:22:22.

some residents complained, were creating nuisances like traffic

:22:22.:22:27.

jams and an increase of hard drug dealers on the streets. It has also

:22:27.:22:34.

designed to cut cross-border crime coming by people coming to the

:22:34.:22:37.

Netherlands to buy them and returning home to sell them

:22:37.:22:41.

illegally. From 1st May, coffee shops in the three southern

:22:41.:22:46.

provinces will become members-only clubs. Up to 2000 membership cards

:22:46.:22:51.

will be issued by each coffee-shop to residents over the age the 18th.

:22:51.:22:58.

The novel come into effect across the country at the end of this year.

:22:58.:23:03.

There are around 700 cover shops in the Netherlands. Honours fighting

:23:03.:23:10.

the arms says it discriminates on the basis of where they live. Some

:23:10.:23:16.

say new rules will cut up to 90% of their business. It is disappointing

:23:16.:23:20.

for everyone and Holland. Nobody sees that there is a problem, we

:23:20.:23:26.

don't have problems with tourists who come to smoke a joint and then

:23:26.:23:31.

go to visit a museum. His got a third of tourists are attracted by

:23:31.:23:34.

the possibility of smoking cannabis. With the new legislation, there are

:23:34.:23:39.

fears it could have a huge impact on tourism. The mayor is hoping to

:23:39.:23:42.

negotiate a deal with the government to insure the tourists

:23:42.:23:51.

trying to buy cannabis can keep on coming.

:23:51.:23:56.

We are joined now by a representative of the Dutch

:23:56.:24:02.

opposition party, a Social Liberal Party will stop this mood is meant

:24:02.:24:06.

to help tackle the rise in drug- related crimes so wide you have a

:24:06.:24:12.

problem with that? Everybody in the Netherlands is against drug-related

:24:12.:24:20.

crime and we have to fight that, of course. But I think that this new

:24:20.:24:26.

idea of government is not going to support that goal. I think that is

:24:26.:24:31.

because we are going to in legalise drugs and more than we did, that

:24:31.:24:35.

there will be a lot of selling of illegal drugs on the streets

:24:35.:24:41.

instead of coffee shops. But this only applies to foreigners, not to

:24:41.:24:46.

Dutch residents of the Netherlands? The Netherlands is a very small

:24:46.:24:50.

country and we have a lot of Borders and especially in the south,

:24:50.:24:54.

a lot of French people and the Belgian people and German people go

:24:54.:25:01.

to the coffee shops to buy cannabis but if they are not able to buy it

:25:01.:25:06.

there, there are a lot of illegal dealers on the street who not only

:25:06.:25:11.

possess cannabis but other hard drugs who are willing to sell that

:25:11.:25:19.

to those foreign visitors. So I think that in the end, the crime in

:25:19.:25:24.

this area can even be bigger than it is now. Cafe owners say they

:25:24.:25:27.

will appeal and say this is discriminatory, do you think the

:25:27.:25:31.

chances of getting this overturned are strong or not? I don't know,

:25:31.:25:35.

the judges will decide of course but the thing is, we have to tackle

:25:35.:25:41.

this problem in a pragmatic way, instead of going back, we should be

:25:41.:25:43.

more discussing this internationally and saying to each

:25:43.:25:49.

other, the real about soft drugs in Germany, in Great Britain and also

:25:49.:25:58.

America and the whole of Europe. Young people are using cannabis and

:25:58.:26:02.

under the age of 18, people should not of course use cannabis but if

:26:02.:26:07.

you are grown up, then that there should be a free choice and you

:26:07.:26:13.

should regulates that as a government because then problems

:26:13.:26:20.

will escalate. Loss of revenue for the Dutch government in these

:26:20.:26:24.

financially perilous times? If you are going to regulate not only the

:26:24.:26:31.

way of selling but the production of it, you can do things like

:26:31.:26:36.

regulating the way it is produced but you can also tax it and it has

:26:36.:26:45.

figured out that to tax cannabis can create 500 million euro for the

:26:45.:26:49.

budget so it is also interesting weather but it and for the problems

:26:49.:26:58.

in Europe. A reminder of our main story: The

:26:58.:27:01.

blind Chinese activist, Chen Guangcheng, has appealed to the

:27:01.:27:05.

central government at for justice after making a dramatic escape from

:27:05.:27:08.

has arrest. He released a video appealing to the Prime Minister,

:27:08.:27:13.

Wen Jiabo, to ensue -- ensure the safety of this family and to tackle

:27:14.:27:23.
:27:24.:27:32.

corruption. That's all from us. For many of us, it was another wet

:27:32.:27:37.

day today. You'll be pleased to hear that tomorrow, things are

:27:37.:27:41.

looking a little bit drier and brighter. But it is not set to last

:27:41.:27:44.

for the whole weekend because we have a developing area of low

:27:44.:27:50.

pressure to the south. For the time being, a decaying weather front

:27:50.:27:54.

sitting across us and that will keep it cloudy through Saturday.

:27:54.:27:59.

The south-east is where we look later for rain on Saturday but for

:27:59.:28:03.

the time being, for much of northern England, a lovely Saturday

:28:03.:28:08.

afternoon with plenty of sunshine. Drew central areas, it is cloudy

:28:08.:28:12.

but drier than today. The south- east of England will steadily see

:28:12.:28:15.

rain creeping in as we head through the late morning and early

:28:15.:28:21.

afternoon. Some rain over south- western parts of England but not as

:28:21.:28:28.

torrential as the downpour as we saw today. For Wales, the cloud

:28:28.:28:33.

will thin and things should brighten up. Across Scotland and

:28:33.:28:39.

Northern Ireland, plenty of spring sunshine to be enjoyed. A northerly

:28:39.:28:43.

wind feeding in some cooler air and the risk of some rain. For Saturday

:28:43.:28:47.

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