30/04/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. In Bahrain the


pro-democracy activist al-Khawaja is to be re-tried. His wife says


he's at danger of dying from his hunger-strike and he must be freed.


He was telling me that his hunger strike is not for negotiation and


he is not going to stop until he is three. -- free. Could the case of


this prominent Chinese activist cast a shadow over this week's top-


level talks between Washington and Beijing? A former Libyan oil


minster is found dead in the River Danube, police say he drowned, but


they don't know if foul play was involved. Also coming up in the


programme: As Greece prepares for elections this week... Is the


country heading for unchartered waters and maybe a journey out of


the Euro? The largest ever exhibition of Leonardo da Vinci's


drawings of the human body is on Hello and welcome. There's to be a


re-trial of Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, the activist jailed for leading


last year's pro-democracy protests in Bahrain. He and 20 others were


convicted by military court last year. Now their cases will be heard


in a civil court. But his wife has spoken out. She says there won't be


any difference between the types of trial. And she is calling for her


husband to be freed. AND she says he will continue his hunger strike,


despite the re-trial. The BBC's Frank Gardner reports from Manama.


A small show of support in court today for Bahrain's jailed


activists. The most prominent has been on hunger strike since


February. Today's ruling means he will now remain in custody for a


civil trial. His wife says he could remain in court for one year. What


will make him stop his hunger strike? Being freed. I spoke to


them yesterday and he was telling me that his hunger strike is not


for negotiation. He is not going to stop until he is free. Either by


death or by coming out of jail. I think the Government is


assassinating my husband in a very slow and painful way.


allegation that the Government intends any harm to this man is


untrue. He is given access 24 hours birthday to the best medical


attention. He has been visited regularly by ambassadors and his


family. At weekly prayers in this Sunni mosque there was condemnation


of the anti-government protest that had turned violent. We find little


sympathy here for those who clashed with police or the jailed hunger


striker. Led 10 died. There are other prisoners who have hunger and


no one cares about them. Why should we care about them. Let them die.


They Shia movement are demanding more rides from the monarchy. In


these districts he is a popular hero. He is appealing for a Germans


will stop for a human rights. There followed he is a popular man and we


will fight for him as he is fighting them. He is not alone.


This is one of the regular organised anti-government protests


that take place almost every week here in Bahrain. The problem starts


when most of these peaceful protesters call warm-up. Then


masked activists come out on the street and clash with police. We


witnessed the beginnings of that sort of trouble. These the recent


pictures of clashes could be from almost any night of the week. What


does the man brought you to improve policing think? You can go out


today and find trouble. No one has denied that. The vast majority are


peaceful and most people know that. In much of the country, life and


business goes on but until issues of human rights and sharing power


is resolved violence will always lurk beneath the surface. Dr Ala'a


Shehabi is a Bahraini pro-democracy activist and a founding member of


Bahrain Watch, an advocacy group. I understand that your father is


based in London but he was one of the people found guilty of trying


to overthrow the Government in Bahrain. He is going to be getting


a retrial as well. Is this something that you welcome? I think


it is a travesty of justice. The man in jail has been on hunger


strike for 80 days and only yesterday we found he was drugged


and force-fed against his will. He has always stated that his hunger


strike is for freedom or death. The Government now has chosen not to


offer him his freedom. It is important to note that to be judged


in the trial had the judice direction to find him innocent of


the charges today but he decided to go back to square one and start


again. At least he is having hour week trial along with all the


others in a civil court. Surely you must welcome that? It was a


civilian court today and again the judge could have looked at the


evidence which has been baseless in terms of providing anything to


substantiate the claims. Free into the instantly or nothing else will


do? He is about to die, he is in a critical condition. But he is on a


hunger strike and they are force- feeding him so that he does not die.


But that amount to torture because it is against his will. He has


always been a proponent of peaceful activism, the charges against them


are baseless and he is -- has only called for the peaceful the removal


of dictatorship in Bahrain. That is what supporters like you say but


our correspondent says there are many in Bahrain who do not support


the man in jail and say he has long -- strong links with Iran and wants


to bring in an unpopular Government to Bahrain. That is the political


due on his situation. The human rights situation in terms of his


right to a fair trial, in terms of them being subjected to torture and


been allowed to defend himself in a court of blog has been documented


by human rights Watch, observers who attended the military trial,


they find these pieces of evidence to be baseless. It is not the fact,


opinions can defer, but the right of best man is a incontestable.


Thank you for coming in the studio to talk to us. It was meant to be a


chance to discuss global economics and foreign affairs. But as the US


Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, prepares to visit Beijing, it looks


like her stay will be overshadowed by the fate of the Chinese legal


activist Chen Guangcheng. It's thought Mr Chen is now under US


protection in Beijing after escaping house arrest imposed by


the Chinese authorities. The circumstances surrounding his


escape last week are still unclear. Our correspondent Martin Patience


has been to Mr Chen's home in the province of Shandong. Ever since


the blind activist fled there has been growing concern about the fate


of family members and friends. When we tried to enter the village we


were stopped from doing so by a group of men. We asked why not and


one said ball away, go away. We also asked if family members were


inside the village and he also said he did not know, and go away, go


away. The village remains heavily guarded. This case comes at a


hugely sensitive time for America and China. The two countries are


set to hold high-level talks and Hillary Clinton as Secretary of


State is expected to attend. According to friends of Mr 10 he is


in America. Under protection from the State. Whatever happens it


could affect relations between the two countries. -- Mr Chen. So Mr


Chen's case is coming at a very delicate time just ahead of Mrs


Clinton's visit to Beijing on Wednesday. I'm joined now by


Kenneth Lieberthal who is a China specialist and was a senior


director for Asia on the US National Security Council in the


Clinton administration: Can you tell us what you think Hillary


Clinton should be doing? Should she raised this issue and should she do


it in an open way or diplomatically and behind-the-scenes? The US


approach is clear -- approach. We like to keep things behind the


scenes. The State Department are talking with their Chinese


counterparts, trying to work out how to resolve this issue. I hope


that when Secretary Clinton gets to talk about it there will be


something already agreed at least in principle. Let's keep in mind


that we have at very big, serious and full agenda with the Chinese


investor upcoming dialogue. It would be at very adverse


development to have this particular issue of one man overshadow issues


of the North Korean nuclear test, Iran and so forth. You say that


then what do you make of these rumours and unsubstantiated reports


that Mr Chen is perhaps being given protection at the US embassy in


Beijing and he might be offered safe passage out of the country and


exile in the United States? Let's keep in mind that this man is


seeking to remain in China but have the national level Government in


China investigate what has happened to them in one province. I


personally think that is not likely to occur. It is politically very


difficult. The second best option would be to have him and his family


safely leave the country. If that is the only option available to


them I hope he will take that. I am confident the US embassy will not


turn him out without an agreement with the Chinese that the man


himself finds satisfactory and efficient for him to remain in


China. Otherwise we will try to get him out of the country. Looking at


the US and Chinese relations, it is a very delicate time. For instance,


this question about whether the US will supply eight Taiwan with arms


has come at a very inconvenient time. How critical do you think the


situation is diplomatically between the two countries? We have an


enormously important bilateral and global agenda. The strategic and


economic dialogue recognises that reality. These things like a


dissident incident coming up, there is no way to control when the a car.


They always a car at an inconvenient time. -- occur. The


question is can we handle this in a way that enables us to pay


attention to this man but also allows us to move forward to


regional and global concerns. you very much. Now a look at some


other news. Several European leaders have cancelled visits to


the Ukraine over growing concern of the mistreatment of a jailed


opposition leader. There were also calls for an boycott of the 2012


Football Championships. This women was allegedly beaten up and is


reportedly on hunger strike over her mistreatment. She was convicted


of abuse of office. At least nine people have been killed by


explosions in as Zairean city. Reports say three large bombs went


off. State media reported that about 100 people were injured. At


very has capsized in north-eastern India with 300 people on board. 68


people have drowned and 150 are missing. It was in a remote area.


Here, David Cameron says he has seen no evidence that the Culture


Secretary, Jeremy Hunt, acted improperly in his handling of news


corpse proposed takeover of the broadcaster BSkyB. Mr Cameron was


to make a statement in the House of Commons on the affair. He says it


is not necessary to order an inquiry into whether Mr Hunt broke


Look at the meetings Tony Blair and Gordon Brown had with Rupert


Murdoch when they were prime minister. Blair, seven, Brown, 13,


me, four. One year ago he became one of the most high-profile


defectors from Colonel Gaddafi's government in Libya. But on Sunday,


Shukri Ghanem - the country's former oil minister - was found


drowned in the river Danube in Vienna. Quite what happened to Mr


Ghanem is still far from clear, as Bethany Bell reports from the


Austrian capital. Shukri Ghanem was found here, dead


in the water. A police post mortem says he drowned. His body was fully


clothed and had not been in the water along. The police say the


body showed no signs of violence and have found no evidence to


suggest suicide. They are still waiting for the results of


toxicology report which is due in a few days. TRANSLATION: We cannot


exclude he suffered from an illness and this was why he fell into the


River Danube but it is under investigation.


The Shukri Ghanem was once Prime Minister of Libya and the head of


the oil company. He was close to Colonel Gaddafi. But he defected


last year during the uprising that toppled his former leader.


situation is unbearable, we cannot continue working and therefore I


left the country and I decided also to leave my job. And I would join


the choice of the Libyan youth to create a modern constitution.


returned to Vienna where he used to work, the oil cartel Opec and where


his family had a home not far from the Danube river. At the moment,


police say they have nothing to suggest he was murdered or


committed suicide. They want find out how he drowned in the river.


The investigation continues. Extra immigration officers have


been drafted in to deal with long delays at the UK's biggest airport,


London Heathrow. Concern is mounting that they could get worse


as the Olympics approach. A border agency employee has told the BBC


that staff shortages are affecting security checks but government


ministers insist security remains paramount. Tom Symonds reports.


Smile! They would believe me. Welcome to Britain. Passport,


please. Last week, it was taking passengers said to Allah's plus to


hear those words. When one traveller made it through, this was


the reaction. APPLAUSE. Darren a ride in the UK on Thursday.


His experience was typical. I have never seen it so busy. They accuse


before passport control. It was ridiculous. This he threw board


officer who is enormous said a handful of staff are coping with


hundreds of passengers. We swipe the passport, take the Prince and


ask the minimum questions and let them in. It is quicker to stump


somebody than examine them. Dealing with a queue is the priority for


frontline officers. Over and above making sure this person is doing


what they say they're doing. Leaked figures suggest there waiting


target for non-European passengers was breached on all but two days in


the first half of April. The target is 45 minutes. In the Commons, the


minister said the keys were shorter than claims. The longest killing


time was 1.5 hours on Friday at Terminal 5 for non EU nationals and


for UK nationals lower. These times are too long. A passengers demand


an efficient service and the British public demand tough border


controls. We need both. Labour blamed government incompetence and


lack of staff. There's no doubt the queues are resulting in angry


passengers but are they also affecting the way passport control


of this is do their jobs? According to figures leaked to the BBC, the


number of forged documents detected is falling. I 26% in February.


there a link between the staff on duty and the fall in the rate of


detection of forged documents? There's no question in my opinion


and my colleagues but the fall in detection of forged documents is


directly related to the lack of available staff. The Home Office


says better checks abroad and the use of biometric passports has


reduced fraud. The plan is to draft in more officers, 400 a week before


the Olympics. While much attention has been focused on the


presidential election in France - there's another crucial electoral


battle looming in Europe. Greece holds parliamentary elections this


weekend - the most critical in decades as the country struggles


with massive upheaval. According to the latest opinion polls, the two


main parties in the governing coalition may lose their majority.


And a record number of fringe parties, who are opposed to the


terms of the EU bailout - may win seats in parliament for the first


time. Our Europe correspondent Matthew Price has been exploring


The Peloponnese weather gods of Greek myth and legend once played.


And what today we found Angelopoulos waiting for better


times after five years of recession and continuing government cuts. Do


you think Greece should carry on cutting in the way Brussels is


asking? They have to stop, he told me, there will be trouble. People


have no more to give. Despite the very obvious beauty, there are docs


storm clouds on the horizon. A large number of people are expected


to vote for parties that want to turn their back on the Brussels


imposed austerity and if that does happen, there are those who fear


this country could be charting a different course, one that takes it


out of the euro with all the massive implications for this


Continent that would bring. Winding away around the country and you


find exhaustion, Greece is defeated. Crumbling. And that is changing


politics. The same old faces have governed here for decades. In the


local council, they know the main parties we pushed through the cuts


were now lose support. But the new mayor, an independent, doesn't


believe anyone has the vision to save the country. Now the plan is


to win elections. A 15 day plan, we want to plan for the next 15 years.


We do not have anything yet. What they need is growth. But the orange


groves are about the only place you find that right now. The some


voters, the only option is for the next government to renegotiate


Greece's bail out with Europe's leaders. We have to say to them, we


don't have the money to pay, I think they will understand. But in


the end if they did believe this, I think we have to leave Europe.


Which direction will Greece take? Like much of Europe, there's a


growing sense that austerity is making things worse. There may not


be can't for much longer. -- can harm. The largest ever


exhibition of Leonardo da Vinci's drawings of the human body go on


display in Buckingham Palace this week. Da Vinci has long been


recognised as a great artist but he was also a pioneer in the study of


anatomy, dissecting the corpses of executed criminals or the destitute.


Our medical correspondent, Fergus Walsh, reports.


The artist as an anatomist. Across nearly 90 drawings, Leonardo da


Vinci depicts the human body in astonishing detail. Using his skill


as an architect and engineer, three-dimensional structures are


revealed with extraordinary clarity. It is the biggest ever exhibition


of its kind, but is it art or science? They are scientific papers.


They are not works of art and he didn't conceive than as that. We


find them beautiful and fascinating and so one and they are expressions


of the human spirit that match art, but it is not art, it is science.


Leonardo injected wax into the cavities of the brain to draw it


more accurately and he created a glass model of the aortic valve so


he could experiment how blood flowed through the heart. These


drawings were made in Florence in 1507, following Leonardo's


dissection of a 100 year-old man. They contain the first clear


descriptions of narrowing of the arteries and cirrhosis of the liver.


This museum in London contains thousands of anatomy specimens


collected in the 18th century. By this stage, Leonardo's drawings


were still unpublished and would remain so for another 200 years.


But even today, anatomists say that some of the studies, such as these


hands, using layers to build up the bone, muscle and tendons, are as


accurate as any modern depiction. This idea of looking in layers is


what we can now do with modern technology. So he predated and


anticipated what we are doing 500 years later. Leonardo produced the


first accurate depiction of the spine. Again, compare it with a


modern-day medical image. In anatomy, as in so many fields, he


was a genius far ahead of his time, showing a thirst for knowledge and


The extraordinary drawings. One World Trade Center - the tower


which replaces the buildings destroyed on September 11th 2001 -


can now claim to be New York City's tallest skyscraper. The final steel


columns are put in place that make it more than three hundred and


eighty one metres high. That's just higher than the roof of the


observation deck on the Empire State Building. The building also


known as Freedom Tower isn't expected to reach its full height


for at least another year. It should then be the tallest building


in the US, and the third tallest in the world. A reminder of our main


news. A court in Bahrain has ordered a retrial in the case of a


hunger striker who was jailed for leading last year's pro-democracy


protests in Bahrain. That is all Hello, for many of us it was dry


with some sunshine. Tomorrow, more rain, particularly across areas


where we saw the weekend flooding. Southern England and South Wales.


It is due to weather fronts moving up across the channel through the


day. In the north, high-pressure so it will be dry with clear spells


across Northern Ireland and Scotland to begin. Misty and murky


around the Murray of Firth. The cloud will increase with rain in


the afternoon. Temperatures struggling on the east coast


towards Lincolnshire. Just ten degrees. It becomes dry and bright


in the South East as temperatures climb. Still cloudy and damp across


the south-east -- south-west with temperatures around 14. A grey and


wet afternoon across Wales. The heaviest rain moving across the


North. Northern Ireland stays fine and dry with sunny spells. A


blustering breeze from the north- east. Temperatures around 13.


Temperatures climbing into the mid- to high teens across Scotland


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