03/05/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Delving into the


mind of Osama bin Laden. 17 letters are released by the US seized from


his compound. Nicolas Sarkozy and Francois


Hollande keep up the frantic campaigning fighting for every vote


in the French presidential election. In Ukraine, they're preparing to


welcome the crowds for Euro 2012 - but there's a growing crowd of EU


ministers who say they won't attend. Also coming up in the programme: We


have a special report on the long drawn-out war in Sudan's Nuba


Mountains, where a bombing campaign by the government is forcing


thousands to flee. It is pretty clear that these people are being


targeted by a military campaign that is designed to terrorise


civilians. And the Scream - one of the world's


most famous paintings is sold for a record price at auction. Investment


Hello and welcome. 17 documents seized from Osama Bin Laden's


compound in the Pakistani city of Abbotobad have been released by the


US authorities. They were among 6,000 papers taken and they seem to


give some insights into how Osama bin Laden operated. In one document


he apparently refuses a request by the militant Somali group, Al-


Shabaab to unite with al Qaeda. And in his last letter a week before


his death Bin Laden writes about the Arab Spring. The BBC's Security


Correspondent Frank Gardener has been examining the papers.


The last days of Osama Bin Laden, holed up in his compound in


Pakistan, before he was killed by US commandos last year. Now we're


getting a glimpse of the treasure trove of documents grab from that


compound. He'd asked to groups with a mission of spotting the visits of


Obama or Petraeus to target the aircraft that either one of them


was carrying. They are not regarded visits by but vice-president. The


plan was for Joe Biden to take over as President, believing he was


incompetent and would lead to the US into crisis. Every incident


looks at his anniversary to figure out how you can conduct a military


strike that has operational significance, but has enormous


political significance. Terrorism, insurgency, it is at its heart. It


is a political contest as opposed to military contest. One of the


detested by document refers to British targets in Afghanistan. --


It emerges here that by the time he was killed a year ago, he was


struggling to remain in control of Al-Qaeda. The organisation had


already fragmented, so today, offshoots had sprung up


independently in Pakistan, Iraq, and Somalia. There is no longer a


firm control at the top. Keep in mind, Al-Qaeda was already on the


decline before the death of Osama Bin Laden, but the group is still


struggling to be relevant. They renew outfits that have their own


leadership, their own financing and resources and desire to plot and


plan a mass casualty attacks. They do not need Al-Qaeda to do this,


but they are suddenly motivated by the ideology of Osama Bin Laden,


and that is the most relevant aspect to this. That legacy will


take a long time to fade. He was a highly charismatic figure for many,


and in that sense it is surprising that the United States has chosen


to revive his memory today. But then, the man that back to 9/11 and


terrified America is no longer. And we will have reaction on this


story in a short while. Campaigning continues in the French


presidential elections, with the incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy and his


socialist rival Francois Hollande both holding rallies today. Mr


Hollande is still the favourite to win, but much depends on what the


supporters of Marine Le Pen's National Front do. The BBC's


Christian Fraser is in Nimes in the south of France where the far-right


made huge gains in the first round vote.


Christin, tell us or what you're finding out? This has perjurer


perfect, France in the deep south of the country. -- This is picture-


perfect. They feel that their way of life is under threat from


emigration, globalisation and unemployment. This is where the


Front Nationale did particularly well. In no other area did they


finished top of the pile, but they did here. It is around places like


this where they found particular success. We have been to a local


village, a pretty little village, to find out what people made of the


crucial televised debate last night, and why they voted for Marine La


Pen? In the market, the Socialists are


fishing for votes. The stalls are busy, but in the last five years,


the local economy has gone flat. In 2007, the left took nearly half of


the first-round votes. The Front Nationale limped home with 7%, this


time they were top with 20 %. People are shocked and the local


councillor is you to learn lessons. TRANSLATION: People said they have


had enough, they do not feel safe, they have no money in their pockets,


they are unemployed. Many people without jobs in this area.


It is the kind of isolated village that the Front Nationale targeted


around the country, where factories have closed, and disillusion has


grown in their place. We are worried that these things are going


to go. The big difference. Will you vote in the second round? It is


possible, you know. I want to change President, that is it.


quarter of the people that voted last week under the age of 35


turned out for the Front Nationale. Typically, they are white, working-


class, many of them are a first- time voters. They are disillusioned


with the two main parties and are motivated by the much simpler


populist rhetoric of Marine La Pen, and so popular is that message, it


has suddenly drifted into the political mainstream. The two men


who debated live on television last night and not inspiring the


wavering voters. In those parts they only see the broking Bros...


Broken promises. Marine La Pen refused to support either candidate,


and one will eventually abstained. TRANSLATION: Marine La Pen wants to


demolish the classics centre-right to France and build a hard right in


its place. Rural France was built on traditional industry, and all


have taken a battering. They long for the old certainties here. If


anger is the theme of this election, then nostalgia comes a second -- a


close second. It is the last day of campaigning


tomorrow, a rest day on Saturday, and we're looking at the


mathematics of the first round at where it splits and which candidate


might take the votes that went to the other fringe candidates.


Tonight, devastating news for the Sarkozy camp, because one of the


opposition has come out in favour of Mr Hollande. He is giving you


the direction to his supporters, so if you take the votes of the far-


left and his votes that went to the other candidates, you can see that


the mathematics are looking very bad indeed for or President Sarkozy.


Now a look at some of the days other news. The United States has


acknowledged that the blind Chinese dissident, Chen Guangcheng, wants


to leave China, in a case that's overshadowed high level talks


between the two countries in Beijing. A state department


spokeswoman said it was clear that Mr Chen and his wife had had a


change of heart since he left sanctuary in the US embassy on


Wednesday. Mr Chen told the BBC that he wanted to discuss his plans


further with US officials. At least 34 people have been killed


in an attack in Nigeria on a cattle market in the town of Potiskum, in


Yobe State. Eyewitnesses say gunmen locked the gate of the fenced


market, trapping traders and cattle inside, then started shooting. They


also set the enclosure on fire in what appears to be a revenge attack.


The head of the Catholic Church in Ireland, Cardinal Sean Brady, is


coming under intense pressure to resign. A number of senior


politicians have called on him to step down following revelations in


a BBC documentary about his role in a secret child abuse inquiry in


1975. He was among a small group of priests who knew the names of


children being abused - but failed to inform the police or their


parents. Let's return now to our top story -


the release by the US authorities of a few of the thousands of


documents, they seized from the home of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan


last year. To talk some more about this we are joined from Washington


by Bruce Riedel, who was a senior advisor on South Asia and the


Middle East to the last four presidents of the United States,


when he was part of the National Security Council at the White House.


He's currently at the Brookings Institution in Washington. And we


are also joined by Huma Umtiaz, the Washington Correspondent for


Pakistan's Express News Newspaper. Breeze, there is a caveat, just 17


documents released from 6,000 taken, can you glean much about this and


give us insight from the mind of a Summer Bin Laden? I think it is a


very small sample and we need to bear that in mind. What we can see


here is that he may have been in hiding, but he was certainly not


add of communication. He was communicating with his lieutenant


and his advisers from across the Islamic world, from Pakistan, from


Somalia, from Indonesia, from other places. He was increasingly


frustrated, because then the last few years, his organisation has


come under unprecedented levels of pressure from the United States and


other Western allies and it was showing. He was frustrated that his


new tenants did not seem to get it. They often did not recognise the


lessons they should have learnt from previous mistakes and the


biggest lesson may seem to not get was that killing innocent Muslims


is not going to achieve the goals of Al-Qaeda and it leads to a


backlash against Al-Qaeda in Iraq, Pakistan and other places.


Pakistan, does that ring true with this interpretation of these


documents that perhaps, some of the killings carried out by the Taliban


in Pakistan, but somehow, it was Osama Bin Laden wish to


disassociate himself from that? you look at the letter written by


Itsu Al-Qaeda commanders, they both admonished attacks in mosques and


market places and said they Muslim should not be used as a shield and


this is something that Bin Laden referred to as well. They were


upset at the way that the Taliban were conducting themselves in


Pakistan. One of the documents were not complying with Cherie a law.


Al-Qaeda were trying to distance themselves from attacks carried out


in Pakistan over many years. At one point, at the Taliban and Al-Qaeda


were very close, the leader and Bin Laden, following Pakistan as you do,


do think that the ties between the two have loosened in general?


not the ties of Lucent, Al-Qaeda has been degraded to a huge degree.


They say that drone strikes in Pakistan have led to all of the top


leadership of Al-Qaeda being killed and this might show in the ties


with the Taliban and Pakistan. Every number two and number three


commander has been killed in drones strikes. Some people have been told


to leave because they were afraid they would be killed in the area. A


Osama Bin Laden, a huge impact on the side he of the American public,


seen as public enemy number one. Reading the documents in so far as


you can, do you think that he really did pose a threat to the


United States? We know that he said that any aeroplane carrying a


Barack Obama at the 10th Afghanistan, should be targeted.


shows us that he was a declining threat. This was an organisation


and the core group around him was left under incredible pressure in


the last couple of years, and feeling that pressure. That doesn't


mean that the idea of Al-Qaeda, the narrative that Osama Bin Laden and


his deputy have put out, of Global Jihad, that has not gone away. The


idea, the inspiration that comes from Bin Laden continues to


encourage a tiny minority of fanatics to carry out suicidal acts


of terror. Unfortunately, we can kill Osama Bin Laden, but it is a


lot harder to kill the idea that he had come to represent. When we talk


about this attack that has carried out by a al kyda macro -- by Al-


Qaeda in different countries, is that all pretty meaningless?


don't think it's meaningless, I think some of these organisations,


especially Al-Qaeda in the Arabian peninsula demonstrated that they


can carry out significant acts of terror, after all, Al-Qaeda in the


Arabian peninsula at persuaded the Nigerian to carry a bomb on his


body and he was able to fly from Amsterdam into the United States.


But in a Neymar of Osama Bin Laden? We're not saying they are not


active, they are, but acting in the name of Osama Bin Laden at his


In the case of their Nigerian, there was a tape with Osama Bin


Laden claiming credit. The narrative they represent remains


dangerous. But the organisation that attacked the netted States in


2001 and the UK in a 2005 is insignificant decline. Briefly, a


lot of speculation at the time about how far the Pakistani


authorities and intelligence services knew that Osama Bin Laden


was there. The papers do not tell us about that but would you be keen


to know that? Absolutely. This is the million-dollar question. The


Who knew about Osama Bin Laden? Did he have any help from the Pakistani


authorities? If there are more leaks about the documents, it would


be interesting to know if the names anyone in his letters that could


point to any clues or give signs of who helped him stay there for so


long. Thank you very much. Just weeks to go until the Euro 2012


football tournament and one of the host countries - Ukraine - is at


the centre of a growing diplomatic row. The Netherlands is the latest


country to refuse to send government representatives in


protest at the treatment of the imprisoned opposition leader, Yulia


Tymoshenko. She's been on a hunger strike, after complaining of being


beaten in prison. Austria and Belgium are also boycotting the


event and it's likely Germany will too. Daniel Sandford reports from


the Ukrainian capital Kiev. They are working day and night at the


Prime new Olympic Stadium to get it ready in time for the tournament.


The key work is done but Ukraine wants to look its best for Euro


Glossy promo videos welcome the world. It is a proud moment in this


young country's history. But it all started to go wrong when a four


small bombs went off last week. One was recorded on his web cam. No one


was killed but 27 people were injured and nobody has been caught.


Then, these pictures, apparently showing bruises on the former prime


minister, Tymoshenko in prison after a suspiciously political


prosecution. Her daughter told me she had been punched into


submission when she refused to leave the cell. Now, she's on


hunger strike. She feels it's the only way in her power to protest


and the only way she can show the world that this has gone too far.


Now there was a threat of a serious boycott of Euro 2012. The leaders


of several European countries say they will not come to the football


unless the treatment of Tymoshenko improves. We are following the


situation closely. We may come to decisions about ministerial


attendance but we have not taken any decisions. I asked the foreign


minister what concessions they might make and he said Ukraine was


listening but pleaded with his colleagues not to mix football with


politics. The championship is not for the politicians benefit. And


not for making statements. It is here to enjoy a good play. They are


here to support their teams. At one point, there was talk of moving the


championships, what should have been a month of celebration for


Ukraine now threatens to be a month of controversy. Weeks of border


clashes between Sudan and South Sudan have led to fears that the


two nations could end up in all-out war. The UN Security Council has


unanimously adopted a resolution that threatens both countries with


sanctions if they don't stop fighting and return to negotiations


within 48-hours. That was passed on Wednesday. But away from the


frontline, a humanitarian crisis is growing elsewhere in the border


region. Thousands of desperate people are fleeing a government


bombing campaign in the Nuba Mountains as Andrew Harding reports


On a debt track, a weary family driven on by fear and desperation.


They have been walking for days. Thousands more are coming, fleeing


for their lives. Why did you come here? Hunger, she says, too tired


to elaborate. This is what she is escaping from. Danger overhead. In


the Nuba mountains, the bombs are falling every day. Get down, he


says. The Sudanese government is not only trying to crush an armed


rebellion but bringing an entire population to its knees. Hiding in


caves from the circling planes, tens of thousands live like this.


It is too dangerous to go out to farm so they cannot feed themselves


and foreign aid is not allowed in. And so whole communities are trying


to leave, crossing the border into South Sudan. As another family


arrives, joining the other exhausted people here, it is pretty


clear these people are being targeted by a military campaign


that is designed to terrorise and Long queues to register at this


refugee camp. All have their scars from the bombings. She tells me she


had to leave behind two of her children, they were too young to


make the journey. A bomb killed her husband. With each passing week,


the condition of those arriving gets worse. There is help for them


but growing fear for those left behind. What were you eating? She


said we were eating things from the trees. Is this getting worse?


every day. We are seeing malnutrition. More and more, people


are dying. A dangerous journey here. The camp is filling up fast. Terror


and hunger make their deliberate wake to the Nuba mountains. One of


art's most iconic images, Edvard Munch's The Scream, has become the


most expensive artwork ever sold at auction. The 1895 picture sold


after just twelve minutes of bidding at Sotheby's in New York.


The auctioneer was Tobias Meyer. not worry, we have all the time in


the world! $107 million. I shall sell it then. For the historic some


of $107 million. Harm! Sold. That was the auctioneer. Godfrey Barker


is an art market specialist, a journalist and an author and is


here with us. Apparently sold by a Norwegian and he would use the


money for an arts centre and museum in Norway. But how can any painting


be worth so much? The because art has become a billionaire's


plaything. Because this picture next to the Mona Lisa and the Three


Graces and the creation of man is highest on the recognition list of


anyone's art in the world. It is a student poster, a T-shirt, an


umbrella. And because the cry of despair on his face echoes down a


hundred years to everyone who has suffered love and loss and


loneliness. So it sold for the record, it knocked a painting by


Picasso off its perch. Exactly, two Picasso paintings over $100 million


at auction in the last six or seven years. It was the Nude, Green


Leaves, and Bust. It sold in 2010 for $106 million. A lot of money!


These paintings, up a trophy purchases or are they a shrewd


investment? They are both. Because it is the trophy that makes the


shrewd investment and the higher the price, the higher the profit.


If this sold last night for $60 million, it would be resold in 10


years' time for 60 million profit. At this level, $120 million, it


will earn its owner a least $120 million. It is because art has


taken over from money and Wall Street. It is now the preferred


asset of billionaires. Is that your guess, the buyers of this kind of


art, they are the billionaire's from whichever part of the world


they hail from? In the 21st century, the punch out at the top of the art


market is between Russian oligarchs and Arab sheikhs. Americans are


standards by, the British are mixing cocktails and watching in


admiration and bemusement. But last night, in the red corner, there


would have been Roman Abramovic or others under Russian oligarchs. In


the blue corner, the Emir of Qatar representing the shakes. I suppose


he will know one day. What about the museum's? Today also it because


they have public funding. Not often, the only museum with punching power


in the world is the Getty Museum in California. It would have had to


devote its purchase grant for three years to have got anywhere near.


is the individuals better buying these. Is it sad significant


paintings like the Scream, they may disappear from public view? They


would disappear for a period but this picture came back on the


market because its owner died last year. And death is a great


leveller! A lot of artists since Francis Bacon have made deals with


owners that if they buy the now, they must present into a museum


when the collector dies. So, this is not the end of the story. We


must always remember it is these rich private collectors who are the


artist's patron. They are the people for whom the artist works.


They are entitled, if they encourage the artist with money, to


take the pictures of the market. We should not cry that much, they will


be back! Thank you very much indeed. That brings this edition of the


programme to an end. From me and Good evening. For some of this, a


beautiful warm day across central and western Scotland, for many it


was fairly cloudy and that continues tomorrow and without the


beautiful sunshine, making it feel really cool. What will not help is


a northern airflow pushes across the country, this weather front


will make things turn colder for the weekend with night-time frosts


returning. Through Friday, a lot of cloud in central areas. The legacy


of a decaying weather fronts. It will remain overcast and grey and


drizzly conditions will persist, particularly in central areas,


largely dry in the south. Temperatures on Friday, typically


tense and elevens. Maybe 12-13 in the South with a glimmer of


sunshine. The wind will be light, towards the northern and central


areas, damp and drizzly. Temperatures down on where they


should be. A much cooler day in Northern Ireland, the weather front


invades bringing more cloud. A drop in temperature of six or seven


degrees. Cool and cloudy in Scotland, for the north-east, sunny


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