03/05/2012 World News Today


03/05/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. Delving into the

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mind of Osama bin Laden. 17 letters are released by the US seized from

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his compound. Nicolas Sarkozy and Francois

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Hollande keep up the frantic campaigning fighting for every vote

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in the French presidential election. In Ukraine, they're preparing to

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welcome the crowds for Euro 2012 - but there's a growing crowd of EU

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ministers who say they won't attend. Also coming up in the programme: We

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have a special report on the long drawn-out war in Sudan's Nuba

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Mountains, where a bombing campaign by the government is forcing

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thousands to flee. It is pretty clear that these people are being

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targeted by a military campaign that is designed to terrorise

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civilians. And the Scream - one of the world's

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most famous paintings is sold for a record price at auction. Investment

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Hello and welcome. 17 documents seized from Osama Bin Laden's

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compound in the Pakistani city of Abbotobad have been released by the

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US authorities. They were among 6,000 papers taken and they seem to

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give some insights into how Osama bin Laden operated. In one document

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he apparently refuses a request by the militant Somali group, Al-

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Shabaab to unite with al Qaeda. And in his last letter a week before

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his death Bin Laden writes about the Arab Spring. The BBC's Security

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Correspondent Frank Gardener has been examining the papers.

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The last days of Osama Bin Laden, holed up in his compound in

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Pakistan, before he was killed by US commandos last year. Now we're

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getting a glimpse of the treasure trove of documents grab from that

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compound. He'd asked to groups with a mission of spotting the visits of

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Obama or Petraeus to target the aircraft that either one of them

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was carrying. They are not regarded visits by but vice-president. The

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plan was for Joe Biden to take over as President, believing he was

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incompetent and would lead to the US into crisis. Every incident

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looks at his anniversary to figure out how you can conduct a military

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strike that has operational significance, but has enormous

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political significance. Terrorism, insurgency, it is at its heart. It

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is a political contest as opposed to military contest. One of the

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detested by document refers to British targets in Afghanistan. --

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It emerges here that by the time he was killed a year ago, he was

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struggling to remain in control of Al-Qaeda. The organisation had

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already fragmented, so today, offshoots had sprung up

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independently in Pakistan, Iraq, and Somalia. There is no longer a

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firm control at the top. Keep in mind, Al-Qaeda was already on the

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decline before the death of Osama Bin Laden, but the group is still

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struggling to be relevant. They renew outfits that have their own

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leadership, their own financing and resources and desire to plot and

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plan a mass casualty attacks. They do not need Al-Qaeda to do this,

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but they are suddenly motivated by the ideology of Osama Bin Laden,

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and that is the most relevant aspect to this. That legacy will

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take a long time to fade. He was a highly charismatic figure for many,

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and in that sense it is surprising that the United States has chosen

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to revive his memory today. But then, the man that back to 9/11 and

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terrified America is no longer. And we will have reaction on this

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story in a short while. Campaigning continues in the French

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presidential elections, with the incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy and his

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socialist rival Francois Hollande both holding rallies today. Mr

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Hollande is still the favourite to win, but much depends on what the

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supporters of Marine Le Pen's National Front do. The BBC's

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Christian Fraser is in Nimes in the south of France where the far-right

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made huge gains in the first round vote.

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Christin, tell us or what you're finding out? This has perjurer

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perfect, France in the deep south of the country. -- This is picture-

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perfect. They feel that their way of life is under threat from

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emigration, globalisation and unemployment. This is where the

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Front Nationale did particularly well. In no other area did they

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finished top of the pile, but they did here. It is around places like

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this where they found particular success. We have been to a local

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village, a pretty little village, to find out what people made of the

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crucial televised debate last night, and why they voted for Marine La

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Pen? In the market, the Socialists are

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fishing for votes. The stalls are busy, but in the last five years,

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the local economy has gone flat. In 2007, the left took nearly half of

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the first-round votes. The Front Nationale limped home with 7%, this

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time they were top with 20 %. People are shocked and the local

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councillor is you to learn lessons. TRANSLATION: People said they have

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had enough, they do not feel safe, they have no money in their pockets,

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they are unemployed. Many people without jobs in this area.

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It is the kind of isolated village that the Front Nationale targeted

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around the country, where factories have closed, and disillusion has

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grown in their place. We are worried that these things are going

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to go. The big difference. Will you vote in the second round? It is

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possible, you know. I want to change President, that is it.

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quarter of the people that voted last week under the age of 35

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turned out for the Front Nationale. Typically, they are white, working-

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class, many of them are a first- time voters. They are disillusioned

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with the two main parties and are motivated by the much simpler

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populist rhetoric of Marine La Pen, and so popular is that message, it

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has suddenly drifted into the political mainstream. The two men

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who debated live on television last night and not inspiring the

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wavering voters. In those parts they only see the broking Bros...

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Broken promises. Marine La Pen refused to support either candidate,

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and one will eventually abstained. TRANSLATION: Marine La Pen wants to

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demolish the classics centre-right to France and build a hard right in

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its place. Rural France was built on traditional industry, and all

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have taken a battering. They long for the old certainties here. If

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anger is the theme of this election, then nostalgia comes a second -- a

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close second. It is the last day of campaigning

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tomorrow, a rest day on Saturday, and we're looking at the

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mathematics of the first round at where it splits and which candidate

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might take the votes that went to the other fringe candidates.

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Tonight, devastating news for the Sarkozy camp, because one of the

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opposition has come out in favour of Mr Hollande. He is giving you

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the direction to his supporters, so if you take the votes of the far-

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left and his votes that went to the other candidates, you can see that

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the mathematics are looking very bad indeed for or President Sarkozy.

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Now a look at some of the days other news. The United States has

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acknowledged that the blind Chinese dissident, Chen Guangcheng, wants

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to leave China, in a case that's overshadowed high level talks

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between the two countries in Beijing. A state department

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spokeswoman said it was clear that Mr Chen and his wife had had a

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change of heart since he left sanctuary in the US embassy on

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Wednesday. Mr Chen told the BBC that he wanted to discuss his plans

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further with US officials. At least 34 people have been killed

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in an attack in Nigeria on a cattle market in the town of Potiskum, in

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Yobe State. Eyewitnesses say gunmen locked the gate of the fenced

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market, trapping traders and cattle inside, then started shooting. They

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also set the enclosure on fire in what appears to be a revenge attack.

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The head of the Catholic Church in Ireland, Cardinal Sean Brady, is

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coming under intense pressure to resign. A number of senior

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politicians have called on him to step down following revelations in

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a BBC documentary about his role in a secret child abuse inquiry in

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1975. He was among a small group of priests who knew the names of

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children being abused - but failed to inform the police or their

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parents. Let's return now to our top story -

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the release by the US authorities of a few of the thousands of

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documents, they seized from the home of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan

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last year. To talk some more about this we are joined from Washington

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by Bruce Riedel, who was a senior advisor on South Asia and the

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Middle East to the last four presidents of the United States,

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when he was part of the National Security Council at the White House.

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He's currently at the Brookings Institution in Washington. And we

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are also joined by Huma Umtiaz, the Washington Correspondent for

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Pakistan's Express News Newspaper. Breeze, there is a caveat, just 17

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documents released from 6,000 taken, can you glean much about this and

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give us insight from the mind of a Summer Bin Laden? I think it is a

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very small sample and we need to bear that in mind. What we can see

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here is that he may have been in hiding, but he was certainly not

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add of communication. He was communicating with his lieutenant

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and his advisers from across the Islamic world, from Pakistan, from

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Somalia, from Indonesia, from other places. He was increasingly

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frustrated, because then the last few years, his organisation has

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come under unprecedented levels of pressure from the United States and

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other Western allies and it was showing. He was frustrated that his

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new tenants did not seem to get it. They often did not recognise the

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lessons they should have learnt from previous mistakes and the

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biggest lesson may seem to not get was that killing innocent Muslims

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is not going to achieve the goals of Al-Qaeda and it leads to a

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backlash against Al-Qaeda in Iraq, Pakistan and other places.

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Pakistan, does that ring true with this interpretation of these

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documents that perhaps, some of the killings carried out by the Taliban

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in Pakistan, but somehow, it was Osama Bin Laden wish to

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disassociate himself from that? you look at the letter written by

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Itsu Al-Qaeda commanders, they both admonished attacks in mosques and

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market places and said they Muslim should not be used as a shield and

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this is something that Bin Laden referred to as well. They were

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upset at the way that the Taliban were conducting themselves in

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Pakistan. One of the documents were not complying with Cherie a law.

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Al-Qaeda were trying to distance themselves from attacks carried out

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in Pakistan over many years. At one point, at the Taliban and Al-Qaeda

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were very close, the leader and Bin Laden, following Pakistan as you do,

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do think that the ties between the two have loosened in general?

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not the ties of Lucent, Al-Qaeda has been degraded to a huge degree.

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They say that drone strikes in Pakistan have led to all of the top

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leadership of Al-Qaeda being killed and this might show in the ties

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with the Taliban and Pakistan. Every number two and number three

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commander has been killed in drones strikes. Some people have been told

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to leave because they were afraid they would be killed in the area. A

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Osama Bin Laden, a huge impact on the side he of the American public,

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seen as public enemy number one. Reading the documents in so far as

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you can, do you think that he really did pose a threat to the

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United States? We know that he said that any aeroplane carrying a

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Barack Obama at the 10th Afghanistan, should be targeted.

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shows us that he was a declining threat. This was an organisation

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and the core group around him was left under incredible pressure in

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the last couple of years, and feeling that pressure. That doesn't

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mean that the idea of Al-Qaeda, the narrative that Osama Bin Laden and

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his deputy have put out, of Global Jihad, that has not gone away. The

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idea, the inspiration that comes from Bin Laden continues to

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encourage a tiny minority of fanatics to carry out suicidal acts

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of terror. Unfortunately, we can kill Osama Bin Laden, but it is a

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lot harder to kill the idea that he had come to represent. When we talk

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about this attack that has carried out by a al kyda macro -- by Al-

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Qaeda in different countries, is that all pretty meaningless?

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don't think it's meaningless, I think some of these organisations,

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especially Al-Qaeda in the Arabian peninsula demonstrated that they

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can carry out significant acts of terror, after all, Al-Qaeda in the

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Arabian peninsula at persuaded the Nigerian to carry a bomb on his

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body and he was able to fly from Amsterdam into the United States.

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But in a Neymar of Osama Bin Laden? We're not saying they are not

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active, they are, but acting in the name of Osama Bin Laden at his

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In the case of their Nigerian, there was a tape with Osama Bin

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Laden claiming credit. The narrative they represent remains

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dangerous. But the organisation that attacked the netted States in

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2001 and the UK in a 2005 is insignificant decline. Briefly, a

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lot of speculation at the time about how far the Pakistani

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authorities and intelligence services knew that Osama Bin Laden

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was there. The papers do not tell us about that but would you be keen

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to know that? Absolutely. This is the million-dollar question. The

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Who knew about Osama Bin Laden? Did he have any help from the Pakistani

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authorities? If there are more leaks about the documents, it would

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be interesting to know if the names anyone in his letters that could

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point to any clues or give signs of who helped him stay there for so

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:16:58.:16:59.

long. Thank you very much. Just weeks to go until the Euro 2012

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football tournament and one of the host countries - Ukraine - is at

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the centre of a growing diplomatic row. The Netherlands is the latest

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country to refuse to send government representatives in

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protest at the treatment of the imprisoned opposition leader, Yulia

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Tymoshenko. She's been on a hunger strike, after complaining of being

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beaten in prison. Austria and Belgium are also boycotting the

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event and it's likely Germany will too. Daniel Sandford reports from

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the Ukrainian capital Kiev. They are working day and night at the

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Prime new Olympic Stadium to get it ready in time for the tournament.

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The key work is done but Ukraine wants to look its best for Euro

:17:45.:17:55.
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Glossy promo videos welcome the world. It is a proud moment in this

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young country's history. But it all started to go wrong when a four

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small bombs went off last week. One was recorded on his web cam. No one

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was killed but 27 people were injured and nobody has been caught.

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Then, these pictures, apparently showing bruises on the former prime

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minister, Tymoshenko in prison after a suspiciously political

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prosecution. Her daughter told me she had been punched into

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submission when she refused to leave the cell. Now, she's on

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hunger strike. She feels it's the only way in her power to protest

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and the only way she can show the world that this has gone too far.

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Now there was a threat of a serious boycott of Euro 2012. The leaders

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of several European countries say they will not come to the football

:18:55.:19:00.

unless the treatment of Tymoshenko improves. We are following the

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situation closely. We may come to decisions about ministerial

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attendance but we have not taken any decisions. I asked the foreign

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minister what concessions they might make and he said Ukraine was

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listening but pleaded with his colleagues not to mix football with

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politics. The championship is not for the politicians benefit. And

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not for making statements. It is here to enjoy a good play. They are

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here to support their teams. At one point, there was talk of moving the

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championships, what should have been a month of celebration for

:19:42.:19:52.

Ukraine now threatens to be a month of controversy. Weeks of border

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clashes between Sudan and South Sudan have led to fears that the

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two nations could end up in all-out war. The UN Security Council has

:19:58.:20:00.

unanimously adopted a resolution that threatens both countries with

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sanctions if they don't stop fighting and return to negotiations

:20:03.:20:12.

within 48-hours. That was passed on Wednesday. But away from the

:20:12.:20:15.

frontline, a humanitarian crisis is growing elsewhere in the border

:20:15.:20:17.

region. Thousands of desperate people are fleeing a government

:20:17.:20:19.

bombing campaign in the Nuba Mountains as Andrew Harding reports

:20:19.:20:29.
:20:29.:20:34.

On a debt track, a weary family driven on by fear and desperation.

:20:34.:20:39.

They have been walking for days. Thousands more are coming, fleeing

:20:39.:20:47.

for their lives. Why did you come here? Hunger, she says, too tired

:20:47.:20:56.

to elaborate. This is what she is escaping from. Danger overhead. In

:20:56.:21:00.

the Nuba mountains, the bombs are falling every day. Get down, he

:21:00.:21:05.

says. The Sudanese government is not only trying to crush an armed

:21:05.:21:11.

rebellion but bringing an entire population to its knees. Hiding in

:21:11.:21:16.

caves from the circling planes, tens of thousands live like this.

:21:16.:21:20.

It is too dangerous to go out to farm so they cannot feed themselves

:21:20.:21:25.

and foreign aid is not allowed in. And so whole communities are trying

:21:25.:21:32.

to leave, crossing the border into South Sudan. As another family

:21:32.:21:36.

arrives, joining the other exhausted people here, it is pretty

:21:36.:21:41.

clear these people are being targeted by a military campaign

:21:41.:21:51.
:21:51.:21:51.

that is designed to terrorise and Long queues to register at this

:21:51.:22:00.

refugee camp. All have their scars from the bombings. She tells me she

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had to leave behind two of her children, they were too young to

:22:04.:22:09.

make the journey. A bomb killed her husband. With each passing week,

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the condition of those arriving gets worse. There is help for them

:22:14.:22:24.
:22:24.:22:25.

but growing fear for those left behind. What were you eating? She

:22:25.:22:32.

said we were eating things from the trees. Is this getting worse?

:22:32.:22:39.

every day. We are seeing malnutrition. More and more, people

:22:39.:22:46.

are dying. A dangerous journey here. The camp is filling up fast. Terror

:22:46.:22:56.
:22:56.:22:57.

and hunger make their deliberate wake to the Nuba mountains. One of

:22:57.:22:59.

art's most iconic images, Edvard Munch's The Scream, has become the

:22:59.:23:03.

most expensive artwork ever sold at auction. The 1895 picture sold

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after just twelve minutes of bidding at Sotheby's in New York.

:23:05.:23:15.
:23:15.:23:16.

The auctioneer was Tobias Meyer. not worry, we have all the time in

:23:16.:23:26.
:23:26.:23:29.

the world! $107 million. I shall sell it then. For the historic some

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of $107 million. Harm! Sold. That was the auctioneer. Godfrey Barker

:23:37.:23:40.

is an art market specialist, a journalist and an author and is

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here with us. Apparently sold by a Norwegian and he would use the

:23:47.:23:53.

money for an arts centre and museum in Norway. But how can any painting

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be worth so much? The because art has become a billionaire's

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plaything. Because this picture next to the Mona Lisa and the Three

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Graces and the creation of man is highest on the recognition list of

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anyone's art in the world. It is a student poster, a T-shirt, an

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umbrella. And because the cry of despair on his face echoes down a

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hundred years to everyone who has suffered love and loss and

:24:27.:24:32.

loneliness. So it sold for the record, it knocked a painting by

:24:32.:24:42.
:24:42.:24:43.

Picasso off its perch. Exactly, two Picasso paintings over $100 million

:24:43.:24:49.

at auction in the last six or seven years. It was the Nude, Green

:24:49.:24:57.

Leaves, and Bust. It sold in 2010 for $106 million. A lot of money!

:24:57.:25:01.

These paintings, up a trophy purchases or are they a shrewd

:25:01.:25:09.

investment? They are both. Because it is the trophy that makes the

:25:09.:25:13.

shrewd investment and the higher the price, the higher the profit.

:25:13.:25:18.

If this sold last night for $60 million, it would be resold in 10

:25:18.:25:25.

years' time for 60 million profit. At this level, $120 million, it

:25:25.:25:33.

will earn its owner a least $120 million. It is because art has

:25:33.:25:39.

taken over from money and Wall Street. It is now the preferred

:25:39.:25:45.

asset of billionaires. Is that your guess, the buyers of this kind of

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art, they are the billionaire's from whichever part of the world

:25:51.:25:56.

they hail from? In the 21st century, the punch out at the top of the art

:25:56.:26:03.

market is between Russian oligarchs and Arab sheikhs. Americans are

:26:03.:26:07.

standards by, the British are mixing cocktails and watching in

:26:08.:26:12.

admiration and bemusement. But last night, in the red corner, there

:26:12.:26:19.

would have been Roman Abramovic or others under Russian oligarchs. In

:26:19.:26:26.

the blue corner, the Emir of Qatar representing the shakes. I suppose

:26:26.:26:33.

he will know one day. What about the museum's? Today also it because

:26:33.:26:39.

they have public funding. Not often, the only museum with punching power

:26:39.:26:43.

in the world is the Getty Museum in California. It would have had to

:26:43.:26:51.

devote its purchase grant for three years to have got anywhere near.

:26:51.:26:55.

is the individuals better buying these. Is it sad significant

:26:55.:27:00.

paintings like the Scream, they may disappear from public view? They

:27:00.:27:04.

would disappear for a period but this picture came back on the

:27:04.:27:08.

market because its owner died last year. And death is a great

:27:08.:27:14.

leveller! A lot of artists since Francis Bacon have made deals with

:27:14.:27:19.

owners that if they buy the now, they must present into a museum

:27:19.:27:23.

when the collector dies. So, this is not the end of the story. We

:27:23.:27:29.

must always remember it is these rich private collectors who are the

:27:29.:27:32.

artist's patron. They are the people for whom the artist works.

:27:32.:27:37.

They are entitled, if they encourage the artist with money, to

:27:37.:27:41.

take the pictures of the market. We should not cry that much, they will

:27:41.:27:50.

be back! Thank you very much indeed. That brings this edition of the

:27:50.:28:00.
:28:00.:28:01.

programme to an end. From me and Good evening. For some of this, a

:28:01.:28:05.

beautiful warm day across central and western Scotland, for many it

:28:05.:28:09.

was fairly cloudy and that continues tomorrow and without the

:28:10.:28:15.

beautiful sunshine, making it feel really cool. What will not help is

:28:15.:28:19.

a northern airflow pushes across the country, this weather front

:28:19.:28:23.

will make things turn colder for the weekend with night-time frosts

:28:23.:28:30.

returning. Through Friday, a lot of cloud in central areas. The legacy

:28:30.:28:36.

of a decaying weather fronts. It will remain overcast and grey and

:28:36.:28:41.

drizzly conditions will persist, particularly in central areas,

:28:41.:28:44.

largely dry in the south. Temperatures on Friday, typically

:28:45.:28:50.

tense and elevens. Maybe 12-13 in the South with a glimmer of

:28:50.:28:53.

sunshine. The wind will be light, towards the northern and central

:28:53.:28:57.

areas, damp and drizzly. Temperatures down on where they

:28:57.:29:02.

should be. A much cooler day in Northern Ireland, the weather front

:29:02.:29:06.

invades bringing more cloud. A drop in temperature of six or seven

:29:07.:29:11.

degrees. Cool and cloudy in Scotland, for the north-east, sunny

:29:11.:29:17.

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