02/05/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Kirsty Lang. The Chinese


activist who sought santuary at the American Embassy in Beijing speaks


out. Chen Guangcheng says he only left because the Chinese


authorities threatened to beat his wife to death if the he didn't. An


echo of last year's Arab Spring as more than 20 demonstrators in care


owe are killed in front of the Ministry of Defence. We saw four


people come in with head injuries. They died instantly and three other


injuries were also very critical. They died on their way here.


France's presidential candidates prepare for a live TV debate. Can


Nicolas Sarkozy better his opponent, Francois Hollande, and turn his


campaign around? Also coming up in the programme. From the United


Nations, how the lives of nearly a million premature babies could be


saved across the world. The way we live now. Why the Bauhaus movement


set up nearly a century ago is The extraordinary story of one of


China's most prominent dissidents took a sinister twist today. After


Tempers flares. This was one of Beijing's biggest hospitals this


afternoon. Chinese security agents desperate to keep one of the


country's best-known human rights activists hidden from us. At the


end of the corridor, in a wheelchair, we caught him. Chen


Guangcheng, his leg injured in a dramatic escape to the US Embassy


last week. The sill wets are his wife and two children, long held


captive by Chinese security, today reunited with him. We see Chen


Guangcheng inside and his wife. She told the BBC she was fine, her two


children are there. Her husband is having a checkup. We are being


moved out of the hospital. blind lawyer became an icon after


he exposed how thousands of women had undergone forced abortions. For


several years he was held under house arrest. He escaped last week,


even though he had nearly 100 guards watching him. His overriding


desire was to ensure his family could live fear -- free from the


harassment and beatings they had endured. His escape has embarrassed


the Chinese leaders. Chinese state television today said America's


actions amounted to unacceptable ininterference in China's affairs


and they demanded a authority. The US said there won't be one. Hillary


Clinton is in Beijing for talks on a host of Major issues. Chen


Guangcheng said US officials told him China was threatening to beat


his family to death if he didn't leave the embassy. Chen Guangcheng


said the threat to his family was the reason he quit the embassy.


TRANSLATION: If I didn't leave Chinese authorities were going to


put my family in danger. I need help now. Tonight, Chen Guangcheng


and his family are in the hospital under guard with no US diplomats


protecting them, afraid once more for his own safety much he says he


wants to leave China. I'm joined now by Robert Kuhn, advisor to the


Chinese government, chairman of The Kuhn Foundation and author of, How


China's Leaders Think. What do you make of this allegation by Mr Chen


that he was threatened, his wife was threatened unless he left the


embassy? First of all, we have a confused situation. It's helpful to


begin with the background. This is a very embarrassing situation for


China in the run-up to the change of leadership, the 18th party


congress and in light of all the recent scandal with the firing and


all the allegations. We have the bad timing from China's point of


view of the strategic and economic dialogue with Hillary Clinton and


Timothy good nighter in in China. The second situation we have to


consider is that the fact that we have such a confused situation


often is normal. We really don't know the status. Mr Chen actually


with the ambassador called the Washington Post on the way to the


hospital in a positive mood. Now, we hear the report from the


Associated Press that you just reported. We don't know the status.


The fact that the government is put out on the official media that


demanding an apology and being very indignant, this could be quite


normal because, in these types of situations, it is proper diplomacy


for each side to present their own view. Hillary Clinton has talked


about that America will be in touch with him. That everything has been


assured. I want to ask you about that. The story was that Hillary


Clinton said, don't worry, we will make sure we follow his progress,


welfare visits to the family? Will the Chinese authorise authorities


really allow America to monitor a Chinese citizen like that? Well,


look, the world is different today because of the internet and


everybody having immediate access to information. The Chinese


leadership will have one objective, to make this story go away as


quickly as possible without dramatically losing face,


particularly with its own people. They have to find a way to make


that happen. Normally, the way it happens is that both sides are


allowed to describe the same situation in what seems to be


radically different terms. That seems to be happening. Hillary


Clinton statements were very clear and the Chinese government, when


they are saying they demand an apology, that is also clear. If you


read it carefully, they do not contradict. My best guess is that


this has been a negotiated and carefully designed programme that


both sides have greed to, in terms of the United States leadership and


Chinese leadership. The question is Mr Chen himself is in an emotional


state. He may be making different comments at different times. That


is clearly the case today. We have to wait on that. My suspicion is


that the Americans and Chinese have worked this out very carefully.


Thank you very much. In Cairo, at least 20 people have been killed


while holding a demonstration outside the Egyptian Ministry of


Defence. In the early hours of this morning, an unknown group of


attackers set upon the protesters using rocks, clubs and shotguns.


The demonstrators were complaining about the exclusion of a hard line


Islamist candidate from the Presidental election, which is


being held in three weeks' time. Here is Jon Leyne. Political


violence is back on the streets of Cairo, just three weeks before the


Egyptian presidential elections. Mostly the weapons are sticks and


stones and firebombs, there is the sound of gunfire somewhere in the


background. Demonstrators who were protesting about the exclusion of


their candidate from the election say they were attacked unprovoked


just before dawn. The people who are here are peaceful protesters.


They don't do anything. They stay here, sleeping here, that is it.


There are some people could come from the other side attacking them.


The people protesting here don't do anything. Just defence. Since then


the exchanges have continued throughout the morning with a rise


in casualty tolls. Many victims are taken to an emergency field


hospital. That has been struggling to cope.


TRANSLATION: We saw four people come in with head injuries. They


died instantly. Three other injuries were also very critical.


They died on their way here. This is where the confrontation broke


out in the early hours of the morning. The demonstrators say


people came in from the surrounding area and attacked them at this


crossroads. Prot tersors have set up these barricades to protect


their protest. It's beginning to feel a bit like ta rear square


during the revolution last year. They used some people to kill us.


They give them money, food and weapons to kill us. I think that


they are wishing us to attack them so they say that we are not the


victims, but we are the attackers. With the protest continuing two


presidential candidates have suspended their campaign. More


demonstrators are arriving here all the time. I'm joined now from Cairo


by the Egyptian journalist, Shahira Amin, who witnessed the


demonstrations today. Do you have any theories about who these


attackers might of been? No-one is really sure who they are. They are


unknown assailants, but they are well armed. They were carrying


batons, some of them, teargas canisters, mol to have cocktails


and live munitions. There are suspicions they may be security


officers in plain clothes otherwise how would they of got the teargas.


You were watching it, was it well organised? Very well organised. The


security forces have stood by and let this happen. It looks like they


are implicated in what's taking place. You were watching security


forces standing there watching people being killed? Absolutely.


They've done very little to stop the clashes. They just let this


happen. It started off as a peaceful protest. It's turned into


a blood bath, a full fledged massacre, really. Say it is members,


plain clothesed members of the security forces, what would their


intention be? Why would they want it to happen? There are all sorts


of theories flying around. There are suspicions that the military


council would like to postpone the Presidental election. They called a


meeting today with political parties, but seven political


parties boycotted the meeting in protest at the events. Some of them


think that the military council was going to tell them that they want


to postpone the Presidental election and, of course, this will


set off another wave of unrest, if it happens. So, in other words, the


idea is to cause maximum chaos so the military council can say, we


can't Holdsworth an election right now? These are the suspicions, yes,


but not confirmed. Thank you very much. The other news. Aung San Suu


Kyi has taken up her seat in Burma's Parliament, a month after


she and her party enjoyed sweeping success in by-elections. The


ceremony is the first time that the Nobel Laureate has held public


office. She also said it didn't "bother" her to sit in the same


chamber as the military leadership despite her long incarceration at


their hands. Syrian government forces have clashed with army


defectors in the country's north, further inflaming an area near the


Turkish border where rebel fighters have tried to seize territory.


Syrian human rights group says 20 military personnel and two rebel


fighters were killed in the fighting in Aleppo and Damascus.


The UN Security Council has threatened Sudan and South Sudan


with sanctions if the former civil war foes don't stop an escalating


conflict. The UN also wants the two countries to resume talks within a


fortnight on a string of disputes over oil revenues and border


demarcation. A British coroner says an intelligence worker, whose naked


body was found inside a padlocked but his death might never be


explained. Gareth Williams worked as a code breaker for the British


intelligence agency, MI6. His body was discovered in a sports bag in


the bath at his London flat in 2010. Two British tourists in Australia


have been find $1,000 after breaking into a theme park where


they swam with dolphins and then stole a penguin. The penguin was


later rescued and returned to the marine park unharmed. The two


candidates in the French presidential election will meet


face-to-face for a live TV debate. Nicolas Sarkozy, the current


President, wanted three, his socialist challenger Francois


Hollande greed to just one. The debate is widely seen as Mr


Sarkozy's last chance to regain the initiative after losing to Mr


Hollande in the first round of voting last months? Have they


arrived yet? No. Mr Hollande looks very relaxed. Nicolas Sarkozy the


under dog trailing behind in the polls looking edgey and aggressive.


Again, how the French public perceive him. Style is very much as


important as content. The French will want to hear about the economy,


about rising unemployment, they also want to see which man better


fits the role of the French It is thought that Nicolas Sarkozy


is a better TV performer. That is what he believes, and that is why


he said,, and face the full three debates, because he believes that


he can flatten his opponent. He has said that he is going to


atomisation. There is going to be a lot of progress of talks. But


Francois Hollande should not be underestimated. He has lost a lot


of weight, after being mocked for that. Since the first round of the


election, he has been getting down to the nitty-gritty of his policies,


and he is coming good across as presidential and a man with a sense


of humour. Nicolas Sarkozy could meet his match tonight. They have


seen each other before it televised debate in the 1990s, but 20 million


French people or more are expected to tune in tonight to see them


face-off, one against the other. The economy is the top issue, but


they will also discuss international affairs, and the


welfare state. People will be looking at the style. It has been


compared to a heavyweight boxing match. We have heard every detail


of the debate before the debate, how high they are sitting up, the


fact that each one of them will have their own air-conditioning


unit, and how the lighting has been adjusted to make sure that Francois


Hollande's pulled patch will not shine too much. The French know


everything about the debate, now they want to know what the men have


to say. Every year, 15 million babies


around the world are born prematurely, and 1.1 million will


die. According to a report just released by the United Nations. The


report reveals the disparities between high and low income


countries in strategies for cutting the number of deaths globally.


A pregnant woman being examined in India, the country with the


greatest number of premature births each year, over 3.5 million. Next,


China. Between them, they account for nearly a third. When the size


of the population is taken into account, the highest rate of


premature births is in Malawi, 18 out of every 100 births. The number


of pre-term births across the world is increasing. In many low income


countries, the reasons for the increase include infections,


malaria, HIV and high adolescent pregnancy rates. In high-income


countries, it is linked to the number of older women having babies,


the increased use of fertility drugs, begin to multiple


pregnancies, and in some countries, medically unnecessary inductions


and Caesarean deliveries before full term. It is the differences in


survival rates that the author has focused on to prevent a premature


birth continuing to be an unrecognised killer. The premature


baby unit in a hospital in New Jersey. The USA ranks among the top


countries for premature births. It is higher for black Americans than


white. Less than 10% of extremely early 80s will bite in the first


few weeks of life in the USA and other high-income countries are --


extremely early babies will die. There is a dramatic survival cap.


The so-called kangaroo care being practised here in Malawi, where the


baby is held skin to skin on the mother's chest, could help to save


at least three-quarters of premature babies in the developing


world. Antenatal steroids and antibiotics are other inexpensive,


proven ways to reduce the risks that surround premature births.


Risks, the report says, too long overlooked and neglected.


Joining the now, the author of the report. -- joining me. If there are


these easy, relatively cheap methods of saving premature babies,


or why are more not saved like that? That is a good question. This


report is the first time to highlight this problem of deaths.


Your introduction said 1.1 million babies dying from pre-term birth,


this is the second leading cause of child death, six times as many as


HIV and double as malaria. It is the first time this has been


highlighted as a problem on the global agenda. The report puts out


the fact that we really can do something different. Kangaroo care


was invented 20 years ago in Colombia, because of overcrowded


incubators, but it is only just starting to be taken up in these


countries. The belief that focus and attention could really see that


change over the next year in a dramatic way, to save a lot of


lives. It comes down to education and information, which is easier if


you are dealing with hospitals and clinics but more difficult getting


to the mother's who have babies at home? Even in hospitals and clinics,


in Ghana, they have had a fantastic increase in births that have moved


into facilities, 75%, but often, four or five babies per cot, and


they have only just started kangaroo care. I think the whole


issue of what can be done, taking four babies out of incubators and


attaching them to their mother, skin to skin, it not only reduces


deaths compared to being in an incubator, but there are fewer


infections, the baby feeds better, the temperature control is better.


It also saves nursing time, reduces costs, and it empowers women.


anything be done to stop babies being born early? That is one of


the duality is of the report. There are many things that can be done


now to save lives that have not been done. In terms of the


Prevention side, as your introduction highlighted, 65


countries that we have data for, all but three have had an increase


in the rate of pre-term birth. In low income countries, there are


definitely things we can do better, family planning might be the most


cost-effective way, reducing adolescent pregnancies and those


women who have berths to quickly and too close together. But in


high-income countries, the increase is not fully understood. This is


the critical area for more research, The chances are that the design of


the phone in your pocket, the chair you are sitting on and the building


you work in were influenced by a German school of art and design


that opened nearly 100 years ago. The clean lines and modernist


aesthetic first created by the Bauhaus School has influenced


everyone from Steve Jobs to Ikea. A major new exhibition of Bauhaus has


It was a marriage of form and function, art and technology, no


wonder Steve Jobs loved it. Power has was fault in the wake of World


War One in Weimar Germany, as a laboratory for new ideas --


powerhouse was formed. It was about bringing together fine art like


these teapots with craft, to create a modern, Utopian society. It was


about producing high end design for manufacture in the mass market,


which included Toys, such as these puppets. Play, according to ban has,


unleash creativity. It was a group of people working together, and


artists were raising families there. Other artists make toys, sometimes


for their children, but other times for manufacture, and also, the idea


of playing at and making do and influencing creative ideas in


children went into the classroom. It is striking how contemporary all


of this furniture looks. Look at this chair. The artist got the idea


from looking at his bicycle frame. Unfortunately, he was ahead of his


time, because manufacturers found his design ideas quite difficult to


implement, but imagine how radical that looked in 1925. The roll-call


of Teachers also included the likes of Kandinsky. Michael Craig Martin


would be responsible for fostering the score of young British artists


in their 80s and 90s, which included Damien Hirst. -- in the


80s and 90s. There was a time when people tried to think of everything


again, we think the world from the most basic principles. It is the


first school that attempts to look at the idea of creativity, that you


do not just teach people things, you teach them how to think, how to


the cuttings, how to be inventive. -- have to look at things. It was


closed down by the Nazis in 1933, its founders were denounced as


Communists. The teachers emigrated to, taking with them the aesthetic


and thus ensuring its survival to The main news.


It the prominent Chinese dissident Chen quandong -- Chen Guangcheng


says the Chinese authorities threatened to beat his wife to


death if he did not leave the American embassy.


From the, Kirsty Lang, goodbye to start -- from May, Kirsty Lang,


start -- from May, Kirsty Lang, We had varying amounts of sunshine


through the day, but for most, it was dry. For England and Wales,


tomorrow, more rain in the forecast. It will move north. We are starting


to see a weather front to come down to was the northern and western


Isles. The weather front is becoming more active across the


south. Into tomorrow morning, it is cloudy and wet in the southern


areas. Some sunshine up north, but it stays very cloudy along the


north-east coast of England. It stays cloudy, grey and damp across


many southern counties of England. Later in the afternoon, we might


see a glimmer of brightness along the south coast, but for North


Devon and Cornwall, we keep a lot of the cloud. It is a cloudy day


across much of Wales. Heavy rain for the afternoon in the north.


Northern Ireland stays dry and bright and warm. It is this area


across Northern Ireland, south-west Scotland, where we see the highest


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