The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
Browse content similar to 12/08/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
Coming up... A deepening dispute on the tip of Europe. Britain threatens
unprecedented Europe -- action against Spain. Amid the tensions,
Britain is sending warships to the region in what it says is a routine
visit. Is that help people in Spain see it?
Zimbabwe's President defends his recent election victory and tells
his opponents they can go hang if they do not like the result.
A major rethink on who should be jailed in the United States. The
Attorney General says some drug business should not be jailed at
all. Did the authorities in Rome ever
expect this much traffic? They begin to crack down on cars.
Good evening. It is less than six square kilometres in size, has a
population of 30,000 people and for 300 years has been British.
Gibraltar is also contentious. Wayne claims sovereignty and recently
tightened its border controls in a dispute over fishing rights with the
tiny British territory. UK government has threatened
unprecedented action with its EU and NATO partner to end the crisis. Our
correspondent reports. This ship is sailing from Portsmouth today and is
headed for the Spanish coast. These powerful pictures can be misleading.
This is not a response to Spain's action on its border with Gibraltar.
It is part of a long planned naval exercise which will see Royal Navy
warships calling at Gibraltar and the Spanish naval base. Spain is a
NATO ally. Nonetheless, some like to see this as a symbol of Britain's
power, just as the government threatens possible legal action
against Spain. This is what Britain says Spain must stop. The imposition
of border checks causing long queues and delay and anger and frustration
at Westminster. A government spokesman says legal action is being
considered. Officials say it is disproportionate and politically
motivated, designed to drive Britain towards concessions. It has been a
British overseas territory for 300 years. The Spanish response is
learnt. It says it has the right to operate rigorous controls and an
obligation to fight what they allege is widespread smuggling. There is
nothing new about this dispute and it has been running for yours. It
got worse today with Britain threatening what it calls
unprecedented legal action. The trouble was going to the courts for
either side is that you can never guarantee the outcome. Legally, the
issue comes down to whether the people in Gibraltar at EU citizens.
The United Kingdom's position is that for these purposes they are.
Under those circumstances, Spain is allowed to impose minimal Chak --
checks. Spain has contested that. Spain is proposing Sarah checks.
ferret checks. Some people have said the people of Gibraltar...
TRANSLATION: Both countries have different opinions but I think it is
a smoke screen to detract from the problems in Spain. Personally I care
more about the Spanish problems that we must resolve. British warships
may be on their way to the Mediterranean but that is pure
coincidence. The political and legal argument will decide the dispute.
With me is the Director General for Foreign Policy at Spain's Ministry
of Foreign Affairs. Is it a coincidence that the border checks
have become so vigorous? For us the concern is of course the checks on
the fisheries. We agreed certain situations with the UK government.
We have a responsibility. We must work together. The decision taken by
the British authorities and the authorities in Gibraltar have
affected her situation. We have to review the situation. Are you
suggesting that the increase in the rigorous nests of these border
checks is a consequence of the fact that these boulders were thrown down
to create the artificial reef? at all. It is a different situation.
You have their souls coming Judah brought -- coming to Gibraltar for
transport. -- vessels coming. The Spanish authorities have to control
what is happening. We had issues with smuggling so we must work to
control what is happening. We have all the information at our disposal
to explain what is happening. Our actions are proportionate. We are
trying to fight against smuggling in the area. Is spending seven hours on
the border proportionate? It depends on the number of people you have to
control. There are borders we must control. For example at Heathrow
airport you have long queues. There are people who must control this and
it is the same here. We have seen an increase in smuggling and we must
act directly as a consequence. British government suggests that it
could take the case to the European Union and this could become a --
illegal issue. Does that concern you? Not at all. We have given the
information to the European Commission. They are going to come
over in September and October to these areas and check out what is
happening. It is a regular check that they will do and we are more
than ready to give them the information they require. Thank you.
We can cross to Madrid where are our correspondent awaits. Our guests
said the increase integration and the border checks in place is not as
a direct consequence of the artificial barrier. How are people
in Spain seen this issue? I think people away from the area just by
the border with Gibraltar, the area just over the border, people have a
very different opinion. I think allot of people in Spain feel
passionately that Gibraltar should be part of Spain. That is despite
the history and despite the fact that it was given to Britain over
300 years ago. But then you go to different areas, we were in
Gibraltar over the last few days, and there you get different
opinions, not just from British and local people, but also from Spanish
people. The communities in Spain and Gibraltar are very mixed. Thousands
of people work in southern Spain and live in Gibraltar so there is a huge
commuter belt of people every day. What about the reports that
Gibraltar and the issue of the Falkland islands could be brought up
in the European Union? I spoke to officials in the building behind me
in Madrid and they have confirmed that. The Spanish government is now
looking at the possibility of taking the issue of Gibraltar to the United
Nations. It is so looking at taking a common front with Argentina.
Argentina has an issue with Britain over sovereignty of the Falkland
Islands, another British territory, and Britain and Argentina went to
war over that territory in 1982. Spain interestingly is studying all
the possibilities. The foreign ministers of Spain and Argentina are
due to meet and they will discuss the possibility of forming a common
front. The possibility is that Spain can take the issue in front of the
United Nations. Britain is a permanent member on the UN Security
Council and it can veto any resolution put before the council.
There is diplomacy going on, pressure on both sides, both
countries, Spain and Britain are now taking action and making gestures,
saying what they could do. The reality of what that would mean in
practice could be quite limited. will see what happens. Thank you.
The newly re-elected President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe has brushed
aside claims he stole the election. In his first speech since the boat,
he had strong words for his rivals. He thanked the country for its
support. -- since the boat. -- since the result. He has said he will take
Zimbabwe forward. The economy is teetering on the brink. For more
than three decades he has ruled. The 89-year-old now has five more years
in power. This commemoration was for those who died in independence. His
speech was the chance to link that with the ballot but many people
consider is undermined by cheating. We are delivering democracy. We have
delivered it on a platter. Do you take it? We say take it or leave it.
He thanked the observers for their support. The opposition leader
Morgan China right did not attend the event. He says the event -- the
result was rigged. -- Morgan Tsvangirai. Those who are hurting
from defeat can go and hang themselves he said. And with his own
unique colour and tone of phrase he added... Even the dogs won't come
and sniff their corpses. The opposition Movement for
Democratic Change was confident of victory going into the elections.
But when defeat came, they rejected the official result and the
opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai challenges the outcome under the
chart -- constitutional court. He issued his statement. It seems
unlikely the Constitutional Court will side with the opposition. It
will not be long before President Mugabe will be up on stage once
again being inaugurated. He is the only leader this country has ever
had. With American prisons full to
bursting point the US Justice Department has been reviewing its
role on sentencing for drug offences. A short while ago the US
Attorney General outline some major changes designed to improve
sentencing policy across the country. He spoke to the American
Bar Association in San Francisco and said less serious offences would not
require minimum prison sentences. Some of the enforcement priorities
have had a destabilising effect on particular communities. Applied
inappropriately, they are ultimately counter-productive. That is why I
have mandated a modification for the target policy so that certain
low-level, non-violent drug offenders with no ties to
large-scale organisations are cartels will no longer be charged
with offences that impose Draconian minimum sentences. They now will be
charged with offences for which the accompanying sentences are better
suited to the individual conduct, rather than excessive as interns. --
prison terms. How will this change in policy help to alleviate prison
numbers. The Federal bureau of prisons says 47% of inmates in
America are in prison for drug offences. 45% of those prisoners are
therefore low-level offences. Our correspondent has listening to his
speech and she joins us now. What do these changes mean?
The Attorney General is recognising that the present system is
unsustainable and counter-productive. He said that
there is a vicious cycle of poverty, criminality, and
incarceration. We have a black prison population that is 37%, with
blacks only making up for 9% of the population as a whole. He wants to
break the vicious cycle that traps certain communities and find a way
to reduce the prison population. Nearly half of all prisoners are
there for her -- drug-related offence is. 5% of the worlds
population and 25% of the world's prison population - US prisons are
semantically overpopulated. -- dramatically. He wants to direct
prosecutors to write up charges differently so that instead of
triggering a mandatory minimum sentences they can avoid that I
simply not writing the amount of drugs found, for instance. That is a
legacy of the war on drugs from the 1980s, he claims we can stop doing
that by taking simple measures. Thank you for talking us through
that. Authorities in Egypt have disposed
of plans to disperse of set and is being conducted by supporters of the
ousted president, Mohammed Morsi. -- sit-ins. The decision was made in
order to avoid bloodshed, meanwhile the judiciary has extended the
detention of the former president by another set nine days pending
investigations into his alleged collaboration with how mass. -- 15
days. -- how mass. -- Hamas. The younger brother of Prince
Willem-Alexander has died having been in a coma since as skiing
accident last year. Rinse fries or was on holiday with his family in
the Austrian Alps. -- Prince Friso. He was skiing with a friend when the
avalanche came and was trapped under the snow for 20 minutes, his fame
starved of oxygen. The family made sombre visits to the University
Hospital in Innsbruck before he was transferred to London for specialist
treatment. Prince Friso had been married for almost a decade. But
because it was a marriage without consent he lost his membership of
the royal house and was no longer in line to succeed the Dutch throne.
But his mother approved. -- succeed too. The Dutch royal family are
popular. Thousands turned out to watch William Alexander becoming
king earlier this year. This is the palace. With the announcement of any
royal death you could expect to find crowds. But there are a few people.
They may have gone to the alternative residence, where Prince
Friso returned to last month, or it could be that people simply
anticipated it, they are upset but not shocked. The Dutch play minister
paid his respects with a statement expressing sympathy for the family.
union official has been shot dead at a platinum mine in South Africa,
where 34 workers were killed by police last year. The National union
of Mineworkers said the woman was shot outside her home. Tensions have
led to several shootings at platinum mines over the last year. A Nazi war
coals suspect has died whilst awaiting train -- trial. He was
suffering a number of medical problems. He is alleged to have
helped report 15,000 Jews to death camps.
The names have been released of Palestinian prisoners set to be
freed as part of a peace deal. The announcement comes after Palestinian
officials accused Israel of trying to sabotage negotiations by
approving fodder settlements. -- more.
Her head of population Roma has more than three times as many cars as
London. -- Rome. The very centre of the city. An endless frenzy of
traffic. An eternal rush hour in the terrible city. They say that all
roads lead to Rome. -- eternal city. Cars flood the piazza is here. The
modern city as struggling to cope with the invasion. Drivers with race
down through the heart of the historic centre, reducing the
Coliseum to not much more than a roundabout. A famous building
located in a torrent of traffic, fumes, vibrations. But suddenly
there is a very different at just. Can has fallen. -- calm. It is
thanks to the new mayor, a cycling enthusiast. He plans to
pedestrianise the area completely. We need to make a choice. Yesterday
as talking to others in a place like this. -- history is talking to us.
With all the traffic diverted away, it has to go somewhere. It is being
channelled down side streets and the local residents do not approve.
agree with protecting the Coliseum, but it cannot be done at our
expense. Pollution will come to our area and cars will block everything.
But the millions of tourists who are drawn to the Coliseum well of the
underwent a life-saving double lung transplant. Five years later he has
someone from Alcatraz island to San matters. If you can imagine being in
a swimming pool when somebody dunks your head under water. All you can
think about is getting back to the surface. Everything else disappears.
My disease was a tape of pulmonary fibrosis. No cure. The only
treatment was a transplant. My children were very young. They said,
listen, you need to do this or you will die. I had no choice. I cannot
think of any other situation like that. You are waiting on somebody
either been killed or dying so you can get the organ. I got two longs.
It sounds unbelievably difficult. -- lungs. I woke up, took a deep
breath, I could not believe it. The longevity statistics are terrible.
So when I approached the Friday year mark I thought, I should do
something big. -- five-year. I thought this would be fun to do. I
went in first. My son followed. Then my daughter. It was freezing.
looked further than I expected. I kind of was scared by that!
vastness of the ocean is magnificent. I love the feeling of
having all that debt the below you. you are in your 40s you will live
until your 50s, 60s, everybody living longer. That is not my
assumption. You have to take each day as it
comes and a PC it what you are doing. Spend time with your family.
-- appreciate. You do not know where BBC News website. You can read a
diary account of Gavin's task. From the showers today. A number of them
around, particularly to the North. They are clearing away. And we will
have a meteor shower. Take a look at the sky for a a few minutes and if
you are lucky you may see one of those shooting stars. Tomorrow,
increasing cloud across central areas. These areas, probably
clothing over most of the day. It looks as though the south coast will
be dry. Temperatures reaching about 19 Celsius. Used words, you can