12/08/2013 World News Today


12/08/2013

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Coming up... A deepening dispute on the tip of Europe. Britain threatens

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unprecedented Europe -- action against Spain. Amid the tensions,

:00:21.:00:25.

Britain is sending warships to the region in what it says is a routine

:00:25.:00:31.

visit. Is that help people in Spain see it?

:00:31.:00:33.

Zimbabwe's President defends his recent election victory and tells

:00:33.:00:38.

his opponents they can go hang if they do not like the result.

:00:38.:00:42.

A major rethink on who should be jailed in the United States. The

:00:42.:00:47.

Attorney General says some drug business should not be jailed at

:00:47.:00:53.

all. Did the authorities in Rome ever

:00:53.:01:03.
:01:03.:01:04.

expect this much traffic? They begin to crack down on cars.

:01:04.:01:12.

Good evening. It is less than six square kilometres in size, has a

:01:12.:01:17.

population of 30,000 people and for 300 years has been British.

:01:17.:01:23.

Gibraltar is also contentious. Wayne claims sovereignty and recently

:01:23.:01:28.

tightened its border controls in a dispute over fishing rights with the

:01:28.:01:32.

tiny British territory. UK government has threatened

:01:32.:01:37.

unprecedented action with its EU and NATO partner to end the crisis. Our

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correspondent reports. This ship is sailing from Portsmouth today and is

:01:44.:01:49.

headed for the Spanish coast. These powerful pictures can be misleading.

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This is not a response to Spain's action on its border with Gibraltar.

:01:54.:02:00.

It is part of a long planned naval exercise which will see Royal Navy

:02:00.:02:04.

warships calling at Gibraltar and the Spanish naval base. Spain is a

:02:04.:02:10.

NATO ally. Nonetheless, some like to see this as a symbol of Britain's

:02:10.:02:13.

power, just as the government threatens possible legal action

:02:13.:02:19.

against Spain. This is what Britain says Spain must stop. The imposition

:02:19.:02:26.

of border checks causing long queues and delay and anger and frustration

:02:26.:02:32.

at Westminster. A government spokesman says legal action is being

:02:32.:02:36.

considered. Officials say it is disproportionate and politically

:02:36.:02:41.

motivated, designed to drive Britain towards concessions. It has been a

:02:41.:02:46.

British overseas territory for 300 years. The Spanish response is

:02:46.:02:50.

learnt. It says it has the right to operate rigorous controls and an

:02:50.:02:56.

obligation to fight what they allege is widespread smuggling. There is

:02:56.:03:00.

nothing new about this dispute and it has been running for yours. It

:03:00.:03:03.

got worse today with Britain threatening what it calls

:03:03.:03:07.

unprecedented legal action. The trouble was going to the courts for

:03:07.:03:12.

either side is that you can never guarantee the outcome. Legally, the

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issue comes down to whether the people in Gibraltar at EU citizens.

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The United Kingdom's position is that for these purposes they are.

:03:24.:03:29.

Under those circumstances, Spain is allowed to impose minimal Chak --

:03:29.:03:39.
:03:39.:03:40.

checks. Spain has contested that. Spain is proposing Sarah checks.

:03:40.:03:50.
:03:50.:03:54.

ferret checks. Some people have said the people of Gibraltar...

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TRANSLATION: Both countries have different opinions but I think it is

:03:57.:04:03.

a smoke screen to detract from the problems in Spain. Personally I care

:04:03.:04:13.
:04:13.:04:24.

more about the Spanish problems that we must resolve. British warships

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may be on their way to the Mediterranean but that is pure

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coincidence. The political and legal argument will decide the dispute.

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With me is the Director General for Foreign Policy at Spain's Ministry

:04:30.:04:33.

of Foreign Affairs. Is it a coincidence that the border checks

:04:33.:04:43.
:04:43.:04:46.

have become so vigorous? For us the concern is of course the checks on

:04:46.:04:56.
:04:56.:04:58.

the fisheries. We agreed certain situations with the UK government.

:04:58.:05:08.
:05:08.:05:12.

We have a responsibility. We must work together. The decision taken by

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the British authorities and the authorities in Gibraltar have

:05:16.:05:26.
:05:26.:05:28.

affected her situation. We have to review the situation. Are you

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suggesting that the increase in the rigorous nests of these border

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checks is a consequence of the fact that these boulders were thrown down

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to create the artificial reef? at all. It is a different situation.

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You have their souls coming Judah brought -- coming to Gibraltar for

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transport. -- vessels coming. The Spanish authorities have to control

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what is happening. We had issues with smuggling so we must work to

:06:11.:06:21.
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control what is happening. We have all the information at our disposal

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to explain what is happening. Our actions are proportionate. We are

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trying to fight against smuggling in the area. Is spending seven hours on

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the border proportionate? It depends on the number of people you have to

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control. There are borders we must control. For example at Heathrow

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airport you have long queues. There are people who must control this and

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it is the same here. We have seen an increase in smuggling and we must

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act directly as a consequence. British government suggests that it

:07:17.:07:22.

could take the case to the European Union and this could become a --

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illegal issue. Does that concern you? Not at all. We have given the

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information to the European Commission. They are going to come

:07:37.:07:40.

over in September and October to these areas and check out what is

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happening. It is a regular check that they will do and we are more

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than ready to give them the information they require. Thank you.

:07:57.:08:07.
:08:07.:08:09.

We can cross to Madrid where are our correspondent awaits. Our guests

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said the increase integration and the border checks in place is not as

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a direct consequence of the artificial barrier. How are people

:08:19.:08:27.

in Spain seen this issue? I think people away from the area just by

:08:27.:08:35.

the border with Gibraltar, the area just over the border, people have a

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very different opinion. I think allot of people in Spain feel

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passionately that Gibraltar should be part of Spain. That is despite

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the history and despite the fact that it was given to Britain over

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300 years ago. But then you go to different areas, we were in

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Gibraltar over the last few days, and there you get different

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opinions, not just from British and local people, but also from Spanish

:09:05.:09:14.

people. The communities in Spain and Gibraltar are very mixed. Thousands

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of people work in southern Spain and live in Gibraltar so there is a huge

:09:23.:09:29.

commuter belt of people every day. What about the reports that

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Gibraltar and the issue of the Falkland islands could be brought up

:09:32.:09:39.

in the European Union? I spoke to officials in the building behind me

:09:39.:09:43.

in Madrid and they have confirmed that. The Spanish government is now

:09:43.:09:46.

looking at the possibility of taking the issue of Gibraltar to the United

:09:46.:09:54.

Nations. It is so looking at taking a common front with Argentina.

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Argentina has an issue with Britain over sovereignty of the Falkland

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Islands, another British territory, and Britain and Argentina went to

:10:01.:10:08.

war over that territory in 1982. Spain interestingly is studying all

:10:08.:10:13.

the possibilities. The foreign ministers of Spain and Argentina are

:10:13.:10:16.

due to meet and they will discuss the possibility of forming a common

:10:16.:10:26.
:10:26.:10:26.

front. The possibility is that Spain can take the issue in front of the

:10:26.:10:32.

United Nations. Britain is a permanent member on the UN Security

:10:32.:10:38.

Council and it can veto any resolution put before the council.

:10:38.:10:42.

There is diplomacy going on, pressure on both sides, both

:10:42.:10:48.

countries, Spain and Britain are now taking action and making gestures,

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saying what they could do. The reality of what that would mean in

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practice could be quite limited. will see what happens. Thank you.

:10:59.:11:05.

The newly re-elected President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe has brushed

:11:05.:11:11.

aside claims he stole the election. In his first speech since the boat,

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he had strong words for his rivals. He thanked the country for its

:11:15.:11:25.
:11:25.:11:26.

support. -- since the boat. -- since the result. He has said he will take

:11:26.:11:33.

Zimbabwe forward. The economy is teetering on the brink. For more

:11:33.:11:38.

than three decades he has ruled. The 89-year-old now has five more years

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in power. This commemoration was for those who died in independence. His

:11:47.:11:51.

speech was the chance to link that with the ballot but many people

:11:51.:11:57.

consider is undermined by cheating. We are delivering democracy. We have

:11:57.:12:07.
:12:07.:12:08.

delivered it on a platter. Do you take it? We say take it or leave it.

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He thanked the observers for their support. The opposition leader

:12:11.:12:21.

Morgan China right did not attend the event. He says the event -- the

:12:21.:12:31.
:12:31.:12:33.

result was rigged. -- Morgan Tsvangirai. Those who are hurting

:12:33.:12:37.

from defeat can go and hang themselves he said. And with his own

:12:37.:12:47.
:12:47.:12:51.

unique colour and tone of phrase he added... Even the dogs won't come

:12:51.:13:00.

and sniff their corpses. The opposition Movement for

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Democratic Change was confident of victory going into the elections.

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But when defeat came, they rejected the official result and the

:13:07.:13:11.

opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai challenges the outcome under the

:13:11.:13:21.
:13:21.:13:32.

chart -- constitutional court. He issued his statement. It seems

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unlikely the Constitutional Court will side with the opposition. It

:13:35.:13:38.

will not be long before President Mugabe will be up on stage once

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again being inaugurated. He is the only leader this country has ever

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had. With American prisons full to

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bursting point the US Justice Department has been reviewing its

:13:55.:13:59.

role on sentencing for drug offences. A short while ago the US

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Attorney General outline some major changes designed to improve

:14:02.:14:08.

sentencing policy across the country. He spoke to the American

:14:08.:14:12.

Bar Association in San Francisco and said less serious offences would not

:14:12.:14:20.

require minimum prison sentences. Some of the enforcement priorities

:14:20.:14:25.

have had a destabilising effect on particular communities. Applied

:14:25.:14:32.

inappropriately, they are ultimately counter-productive. That is why I

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have mandated a modification for the target policy so that certain

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low-level, non-violent drug offenders with no ties to

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large-scale organisations are cartels will no longer be charged

:14:45.:14:55.
:14:55.:14:56.

with offences that impose Draconian minimum sentences. They now will be

:14:56.:15:00.

charged with offences for which the accompanying sentences are better

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suited to the individual conduct, rather than excessive as interns. --

:15:06.:15:16.
:15:16.:15:26.

prison terms. How will this change in policy help to alleviate prison

:15:26.:15:28.

numbers. The Federal bureau of prisons says 47% of inmates in

:15:28.:15:30.

America are in prison for drug offences. 45% of those prisoners are

:15:30.:15:35.

therefore low-level offences. Our correspondent has listening to his

:15:35.:15:45.
:15:45.:15:47.

speech and she joins us now. What do these changes mean?

:15:47.:15:52.

The Attorney General is recognising that the present system is

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unsustainable and counter-productive. He said that

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there is a vicious cycle of poverty, criminality, and

:15:59.:16:09.
:16:09.:16:11.

incarceration. We have a black prison population that is 37%, with

:16:11.:16:19.

blacks only making up for 9% of the population as a whole. He wants to

:16:19.:16:24.

break the vicious cycle that traps certain communities and find a way

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to reduce the prison population. Nearly half of all prisoners are

:16:30.:16:40.
:16:40.:16:40.

there for her -- drug-related offence is. 5% of the worlds

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population and 25% of the world's prison population - US prisons are

:16:49.:16:59.

semantically overpopulated. -- dramatically. He wants to direct

:16:59.:17:03.

prosecutors to write up charges differently so that instead of

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triggering a mandatory minimum sentences they can avoid that I

:17:07.:17:14.

simply not writing the amount of drugs found, for instance. That is a

:17:14.:17:19.

legacy of the war on drugs from the 1980s, he claims we can stop doing

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that by taking simple measures. Thank you for talking us through

:17:28.:17:35.

that. Authorities in Egypt have disposed

:17:35.:17:41.

of plans to disperse of set and is being conducted by supporters of the

:17:41.:17:51.

ousted president, Mohammed Morsi. -- sit-ins. The decision was made in

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order to avoid bloodshed, meanwhile the judiciary has extended the

:17:56.:18:01.

detention of the former president by another set nine days pending

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investigations into his alleged collaboration with how mass. -- 15

:18:06.:18:16.
:18:16.:18:16.

days. -- how mass. -- Hamas. The younger brother of Prince

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Willem-Alexander has died having been in a coma since as skiing

:18:19.:18:24.

accident last year. Rinse fries or was on holiday with his family in

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the Austrian Alps. -- Prince Friso. He was skiing with a friend when the

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avalanche came and was trapped under the snow for 20 minutes, his fame

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starved of oxygen. The family made sombre visits to the University

:18:44.:18:47.

Hospital in Innsbruck before he was transferred to London for specialist

:18:47.:18:56.

treatment. Prince Friso had been married for almost a decade. But

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because it was a marriage without consent he lost his membership of

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the royal house and was no longer in line to succeed the Dutch throne.

:19:05.:19:13.

But his mother approved. -- succeed too. The Dutch royal family are

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popular. Thousands turned out to watch William Alexander becoming

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king earlier this year. This is the palace. With the announcement of any

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royal death you could expect to find crowds. But there are a few people.

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They may have gone to the alternative residence, where Prince

:19:37.:19:46.

Friso returned to last month, or it could be that people simply

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anticipated it, they are upset but not shocked. The Dutch play minister

:19:54.:19:57.

paid his respects with a statement expressing sympathy for the family.

:19:58.:20:07.
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union official has been shot dead at a platinum mine in South Africa,

:20:17.:20:21.

where 34 workers were killed by police last year. The National union

:20:21.:20:28.

of Mineworkers said the woman was shot outside her home. Tensions have

:20:28.:20:35.

led to several shootings at platinum mines over the last year. A Nazi war

:20:35.:20:41.

coals suspect has died whilst awaiting train -- trial. He was

:20:41.:20:47.

suffering a number of medical problems. He is alleged to have

:20:47.:20:53.

helped report 15,000 Jews to death camps.

:20:53.:20:57.

The names have been released of Palestinian prisoners set to be

:20:57.:21:01.

freed as part of a peace deal. The announcement comes after Palestinian

:21:01.:21:06.

officials accused Israel of trying to sabotage negotiations by

:21:06.:21:14.

approving fodder settlements. -- more.

:21:14.:21:19.

Her head of population Roma has more than three times as many cars as

:21:19.:21:29.
:21:29.:21:31.

London. -- Rome. The very centre of the city. An endless frenzy of

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traffic. An eternal rush hour in the terrible city. They say that all

:21:38.:21:48.
:21:48.:21:49.

roads lead to Rome. -- eternal city. Cars flood the piazza is here. The

:21:49.:21:56.

modern city as struggling to cope with the invasion. Drivers with race

:21:56.:22:01.

down through the heart of the historic centre, reducing the

:22:01.:22:07.

Coliseum to not much more than a roundabout. A famous building

:22:07.:22:13.

located in a torrent of traffic, fumes, vibrations. But suddenly

:22:13.:22:23.
:22:23.:22:23.

there is a very different at just. Can has fallen. -- calm. It is

:22:23.:22:29.

thanks to the new mayor, a cycling enthusiast. He plans to

:22:29.:22:38.

pedestrianise the area completely. We need to make a choice. Yesterday

:22:38.:22:48.
:22:48.:22:48.

as talking to others in a place like this. -- history is talking to us.

:22:48.:22:57.

With all the traffic diverted away, it has to go somewhere. It is being

:22:57.:23:04.

channelled down side streets and the local residents do not approve.

:23:04.:23:07.

agree with protecting the Coliseum, but it cannot be done at our

:23:07.:23:17.
:23:17.:23:17.

expense. Pollution will come to our area and cars will block everything.

:23:18.:23:22.

But the millions of tourists who are drawn to the Coliseum well of the

:23:22.:23:32.
:23:32.:23:42.

underwent a life-saving double lung transplant. Five years later he has

:23:42.:23:52.
:23:52.:24:03.

someone from Alcatraz island to San matters. If you can imagine being in

:24:03.:24:08.

a swimming pool when somebody dunks your head under water. All you can

:24:08.:24:17.

think about is getting back to the surface. Everything else disappears.

:24:17.:24:25.

My disease was a tape of pulmonary fibrosis. No cure. The only

:24:25.:24:31.

treatment was a transplant. My children were very young. They said,

:24:31.:24:39.

listen, you need to do this or you will die. I had no choice. I cannot

:24:39.:24:43.

think of any other situation like that. You are waiting on somebody

:24:43.:24:52.

either been killed or dying so you can get the organ. I got two longs.

:24:52.:25:01.

It sounds unbelievably difficult. -- lungs. I woke up, took a deep

:25:01.:25:09.

breath, I could not believe it. The longevity statistics are terrible.

:25:09.:25:13.

So when I approached the Friday year mark I thought, I should do

:25:13.:25:23.

something big. -- five-year. I thought this would be fun to do. I

:25:23.:25:33.
:25:33.:25:34.

went in first. My son followed. Then my daughter. It was freezing.

:25:34.:25:44.
:25:44.:25:44.

looked further than I expected. I kind of was scared by that!

:25:44.:25:49.

vastness of the ocean is magnificent. I love the feeling of

:25:49.:25:59.
:25:59.:26:07.

having all that debt the below you. you are in your 40s you will live

:26:07.:26:11.

until your 50s, 60s, everybody living longer. That is not my

:26:11.:26:20.

assumption. You have to take each day as it

:26:20.:26:25.

comes and a PC it what you are doing. Spend time with your family.

:26:25.:26:35.
:26:35.:26:42.

-- appreciate. You do not know where BBC News website. You can read a

:26:42.:26:52.
:26:52.:27:05.

diary account of Gavin's task. From the showers today. A number of them

:27:05.:27:13.

around, particularly to the North. They are clearing away. And we will

:27:13.:27:21.

have a meteor shower. Take a look at the sky for a a few minutes and if

:27:21.:27:29.

you are lucky you may see one of those shooting stars. Tomorrow,

:27:29.:27:37.

increasing cloud across central areas. These areas, probably

:27:37.:27:43.

clothing over most of the day. It looks as though the south coast will

:27:43.:27:53.
:27:53.:27:55.

be dry. Temperatures reaching about 19 Celsius. Used words, you can

:27:55.:28:05.
:28:05.:28:07.

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