15/08/2013 World News Today


15/08/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 15/08/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

counts the cost of the bloodshed a day after security forces moved on

:00:11.:00:12.

protest camps in day after security forces moved on

:00:12.:00:16.

authorities now say more than 500 day after security forces moved on

:00:16.:00:29.

higher. Protesters storm a day after security forces moved on

:00:29.:00:36.

President Obama cancels joint exercises with the Egyptian

:00:36.:00:42.

military. While we want to continue our corporation would Egypt, we

:00:42.:00:47.

cannot do that while innocent people are being killed on the streets. I

:00:47.:00:57.

am Mishal Husain in Cairo at the Rabaa mosque, where the worst of the

:00:57.:01:00.

bloodshed took place. Also coming up: A powerful explosion

:01:00.:01:03.

in southern Beirut aimed at the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah.

:01:04.:01:06.

We'll hear from our correspondent who's gone to the scene.

:01:06.:01:09.

And this is an olinguito, a new species of carnivorve - the first to

:01:09.:01:12.

be discovered in the Western Hemisphere in 35 years.

:01:12.:01:24.

Hello and welcome. President Obama has strongly condemned the crackdown

:01:24.:01:30.

on protestors in Egypt. He's cancelled joint military exercises

:01:30.:01:33.

wth Egypt, but has stopped short of withdrawing more than one billion

:01:33.:01:37.

dollars in annual military aid. Egypt's security forces remain

:01:37.:01:48.

defiant. My colleague Mishal Husain is in Cairo with the latest.

:01:48.:01:54.

Welcome to our live coverage from Cairo, where we are in the final

:01:54.:01:58.

hour before the night-time curfew begins again. People are hurrying to

:01:58.:02:04.

get home before that moment. Overall, it has been a very quiet

:02:04.:02:10.

day in Cairo. Very few people are on the streets, none of the usual

:02:10.:02:13.

traffic for which the city is infamous. It has also been a

:02:13.:02:19.

sobering day, as the death toll from Wednesday's clashes continues to

:02:19.:02:26.

mount. The vast majority of casualties have been on the side of

:02:26.:02:30.

the Muslim Brotherhood. At least 525 people I known to have died, about

:02:30.:02:38.

50 members of the security forces. The first funerals are taking

:02:38.:02:41.

place, and there are increasing fears about a Muslim Brotherhood

:02:41.:02:46.

backlash against what the military did. Already there has been some

:02:46.:02:51.

evidence from that both in churches that have been attacked and the

:02:51.:02:54.

torching of a government building on the outskirts of Cairo in Giza. This

:02:54.:03:00.

report from our correspondent here, James Reynolds.

:03:00.:03:07.

Every few minutes at the mosque, mourners bring out another body.

:03:07.:03:12.

They believe that they are dead are proof of a massacre. All of the

:03:12.:03:26.

They believe that they are dead are people are ours. I

:03:26.:03:28.

They believe that they are dead are Muslim Brotherhood. I am one

:03:28.:03:33.

They believe that they are dead are Moslems. He was 23, he

:03:33.:03:35.

They believe that they are dead are children, he was a good guy. The

:03:35.:03:40.

martyrs died for religion and their rights, they chance.

:03:40.:03:50.

martyrs died for religion and their to get inside to identify

:03:50.:04:03.

martyrs died for religion and their path for a body to be taken out.

:04:03.:04:08.

Here, dozens of bodies have been another door,

:04:08.:04:18.

Here, dozens of bodies have been laid out on the carpets. We

:04:18.:04:25.

Here, dozens of bodies have been show you the details. Family members

:04:25.:04:25.

keep watch by the bodies. show you the details. Family members

:04:25.:04:34.

TRANSLATION: My son was in a peaceful sit in defending his cause,

:04:34.:04:38.

defending his vote, defending his freedom, and they shot him with a

:04:38.:04:42.

bullet in his heart. The military and the police station snipers on

:04:42.:04:50.

the roots of the buildings. Many are still stunned by what has happened.

:04:50.:04:52.

This man lost his brother. In another part of Cairo, the police

:04:52.:05:07.

have buried their own dead. These mourners represent Egypt's other

:05:07.:05:14.

side. They are those who believe the military has saved the country from

:05:14.:05:22.

dictatorial Islamists rule. And some Islamists who have lost power have

:05:22.:05:29.

decided to fight back. In Cairo's suburb of Giza, supporters of the

:05:29.:05:32.

deposed president attacked local government buildings. They promise

:05:32.:05:39.

further demonstrations. James Reynolds, BBC News, Cairo.

:05:39.:05:46.

Overall opinion is divided about the military action, but that wouldn't

:05:46.:05:50.

have been the impression you got if you looked at the Egyptian

:05:50.:05:54.

newspapers today. There was a widespread view that the army had

:05:54.:05:58.

done the right thing. Around the world, there is increasing disquiet

:05:58.:06:06.

about the event in Egypt. President Obama cancelled military exercises,

:06:06.:06:09.

and is facing questions about American military aid to Egypt. And

:06:09.:06:15.

overall, there are also questions about whether Europe and the United

:06:15.:06:18.

States did enough to avert the bloodshed. James Robbins talks about

:06:18.:06:27.

the next steps for the Egyptian community.

:06:27.:06:32.

As the scale of the bloodshed in Egypt becomes clearer, earlier

:06:32.:06:35.

dreams of a country on a road to democracy based on consensus are in

:06:35.:06:39.

ruins. Governments around the world have wrestled with their own

:06:39.:06:43.

dilemmas - how to react, and whose side they are really on. So

:06:43.:06:48.

international pressure on Egypt's military has been very carefully

:06:48.:06:52.

considered. President Obama condemned the violence against

:06:52.:06:57.

civilians and cancelled joint military exercises due next month.

:06:57.:07:02.

We sustained our commitment to Egypt and its people. We want to sustain

:07:02.:07:10.

our relationship with Egypt, but our corporation cannot continue as usual

:07:10.:07:12.

when civilians are being killed in the street and right are being

:07:12.:07:15.

rolled back. But that does not mean the United

:07:16.:07:20.

States. Long-term funding for Egypt's military. It wants to keep

:07:20.:07:23.

Egypt as an Egypt's military. It wants to keep

:07:23.:07:25.

Middle East peace process. messages were delivered by many

:07:25.:07:40.

European governments. But the harder part is deciding whether any

:07:40.:07:42.

international sanctions should be applied. Back-ups suspending EE you

:07:42.:07:46.

aid and trade applied. Back-ups suspending EE you

:07:46.:07:51.

make a difference. Egypt's applied. Back-ups suspending EE you

:07:51.:07:56.

pressure applied in recent weeks applied. Back-ups suspending EE you

:07:56.:07:59.

to use force. It is applied. Back-ups suspending EE you

:07:59.:08:07.

around the world. What the Egyptian government did and the police is an

:08:07.:08:13.

obligation from any state towards its people, to defend their

:08:13.:08:19.

interests and to protect them. So where does this leave the Muslim

:08:19.:08:23.

Brotherhood, the main victims of the violence? Six weeks ago, when their

:08:23.:08:31.

president Morsi was deposed by the military, they were allowed to rally

:08:31.:08:35.

and demand his reinstatement. Now they have been driven off the

:08:35.:08:39.

streets, and a spokesman is warning that the bloodshed means that anger

:08:39.:08:45.

is beyond control. I have spent most of today at the

:08:45.:08:50.

Cairo mosque were the worst of that bloodshed took place, and the start

:08:50.:08:56.

of the day proved it very hard to find people prepared to cheer on the

:08:56.:09:02.

military police. But as the day went on, the mood did shift, and there

:09:02.:09:05.

were people who came forward to talk to us and express their disquiet

:09:05.:09:10.

about the violence and the bloodshed, and one woman said that

:09:10.:09:13.

although she was of the Muslim Brotherhood, she had been in the

:09:14.:09:18.

camp, and she said, so what if they spend six weeks there. Even if they

:09:18.:09:22.

spend two years there, they didn't deserve to die. So these are

:09:22.:09:28.

volatile and emotional times for many Egyptians. There is continuing

:09:28.:09:32.

coverage on the BBC website, and we will have more from Cairo as well

:09:33.:09:34.

later on in the day. Mishal Husain there for us in Cairo.

:09:34.:09:44.

We will of course keep you across every development in Egypt. If

:09:45.:09:48.

you're away from the TV, you can get more on the latest developments from

:09:48.:09:51.

the BBC News website. You'll find the latest video and analysis from

:09:51.:09:54.

our correspondents, and hear from many Egyptians and regional

:09:54.:10:00.

specialists as well. For all that and much more, just go to

:10:00.:10:02.

bbc.com/egypt. Now, it's a question that has vexed

:10:02.:10:21.

the international community for months. Who's been using chemical

:10:21.:10:24.

weapons in Syria, and where? After claim and counter-claim, we may

:10:24.:10:27.

finally be about to get some answers. A United Nations inspection

:10:27.:10:30.

team is expected to head for Syria within the next few days. They'll

:10:30.:10:33.

spend up to two weeks looking at various sites, including one near

:10:34.:10:36.

Aleppo where each side accuses the other of deploying chemical weapons.

:10:36.:10:44.

The number of people from Romania and Bulgaria working in the UK has

:10:44.:10:48.

risen by a quarter in three months. 141,000 migrants from the two

:10:48.:10:50.

countries were employed here between April and June this year. Next year

:10:50.:10:52.

the laws restricting the type of April and June this year. Next year

:10:52.:10:57.

can apply for will be relaxed. Thousands more migrants could seek

:10:57.:11:00.

work in Britain. Our home affairs correspondent Alex Forsyth reports.

:11:00.:11:06.

It is a way to earn a living. For Romanians and Bulgarians such as

:11:06.:11:09.

these, fruit picking and farming in the UK pays better than work they

:11:09.:11:10.

would get at home. the UK pays better than work they

:11:10.:11:20.

have 80p per hour. In England, £6.21. It is a huge difference.

:11:20.:11:27.

have 80p per hour. In England, it is not just

:11:27.:11:28.

have 80p per hour. In England, construction workers have come here

:11:28.:11:33.

have 80p per hour. In England, because it is full of opportunities

:11:33.:11:34.

for young generations. number of workers from any other

:11:34.:11:50.

country. There number of workers from any other

:11:51.:11:55.

Romanians and Bulgarians employed in the UK between April and June of

:11:55.:12:01.

this year. That is a 35% increase from the same time last year. They

:12:01.:12:05.

have had the right for Visa free travel since 2007, when their

:12:05.:12:09.

countries joined the U. But they have to have a permanent to work or

:12:09.:12:15.

be -- a permit to work, or be part of a government agreed scheme. These

:12:15.:12:20.

restrictions will be lifted at the end of the year, raising concerns

:12:20.:12:22.

that thousands more could come to Britain. We already have a rapidly

:12:22.:12:31.

growing population. A new city the size of Birmingham every two and a

:12:31.:12:37.

half years comes in. It is not just Britain relaxing its rules. Eight

:12:37.:12:41.

other countries are also lifting restrictions on Rumania and

:12:41.:12:45.

Bulgarian workers. Some say it is a different picture now from when ten

:12:45.:12:49.

countries, including Poland, joined the EU in 2004. Some figures tell us

:12:49.:12:57.

that there will be a big immigration from those countries. But on the

:12:57.:13:02.

other hand, they have been having access for seven years, so it may be

:13:02.:13:06.

the case that it won't be that big. The Home Office is planning to

:13:06.:13:09.

restrict my grid access to some public services to address wider

:13:10.:13:14.

concerns over the impact of all immigration. Despite calls from

:13:14.:13:19.

Labour, the government won't predict how many Romanians and Bulgarians

:13:19.:13:23.

will come to the UK when the labour market is fully opened. It says it

:13:23.:13:27.

is too speculative, and they will only know for sure once the rules

:13:27.:13:32.

change in January. With me now in the studio is Heather

:13:32.:13:41.

Rolfe, a specialist on migration from the National Institute of

:13:41.:13:44.

economic and social research here in the UK. It is often an emotive

:13:44.:13:49.

issue. People are worried that migration might snatch jobs or be a

:13:49.:13:57.

burden on services. In the case of these Romanian and Bulgarian

:13:57.:14:03.

workers, is that the case? What we have done is we have looked at the

:14:03.:14:14.

impact on services of migration from other Eastern European countries,

:14:14.:14:15.

principally Poland, and what we found there is that the impact is

:14:15.:14:18.

relatively small on health and education, on housing and on

:14:18.:14:20.

benefits. And the reason for that is that migrants from those countries

:14:20.:14:23.

are young, healthy, they come here to work. They don't come here to

:14:23.:14:30.

claim benefits or take up social housing. So by their very nature,

:14:30.:14:34.

they are light users of services. So it is unlikely in that context that

:14:34.:14:38.

future migration from Bulgaria and Romania will have

:14:38.:14:42.

future migration from Bulgaria and services. What about their presence

:14:42.:14:45.

in the country? How long do these young migrant workers tend to stay?

:14:45.:14:48.

Is a long-term? young migrant workers tend to stay?

:14:48.:14:55.

screaming about large numbers of Polish migrant workers

:14:55.:14:58.

screaming about large numbers of and Bulgarian workers.

:14:58.:15:06.

screaming about large numbers of difficulties in the UK with

:15:06.:15:08.

screaming about large numbers of migration statistics. We

:15:08.:15:22.

screaming about large numbers of they leave. Sometimes they come for

:15:22.:15:24.

short periods to raise funds for home, but others do end up staying.

:15:24.:15:30.

The impact on services is greater if people

:15:31.:15:37.

The impact on services is greater if to the UK economy in taxes is that

:15:37.:15:38.

much greater, to the UK economy in taxes is that

:15:38.:15:41.

a lot of migrant workers working key public services. Some of the

:15:41.:15:46.

increase we have seen in Bulgaria in remaining migration might be a good

:15:46.:15:50.

news story, because they are filling vacancies in hard to fill areas.

:15:50.:15:53.

Heather Rolfe, thank you very much indeed. A short time ago, a large

:15:53.:16:01.

explosion was felt across the southern suburbs of Beirut.

:16:01.:16:07.

Officials are saying that 14 people have been killed and over 200

:16:07.:16:12.

wounded. It engulfed several cars in flames and trapped people in a

:16:12.:16:20.

nearby building. It is centred in the southern suburbs of Beirut. The

:16:20.:16:25.

area is a stronghold of the group, Hezbollah. We can speak to Jim, who

:16:25.:16:34.

is in Beirut. Jim, what is the latest that we know? What was the

:16:34.:16:41.

intended target? We don't know if there was a specific target, but as

:16:41.:16:46.

you can see behind me, the smoke is still going up several hours after

:16:46.:16:50.

the explosion took place. It was big. The buildings on both sides of

:16:50.:17:00.

the road were set on fire and are still burning. They have been for

:17:00.:17:05.

some hours with fire engines piling in to pour water into those fires.

:17:05.:17:14.

In extinguishing them as of yet. We are told that perhaps 100 or more

:17:14.:17:20.

casualties altogether, there are different figures, some are saying

:17:20.:17:24.

12 are killed, some are saying 20 or more. As I say, no word on a

:17:24.:17:32.

specific target, but this is the southern suburbs of Beirut, it is a

:17:32.:17:37.

Hezbollah stronghold, it's doesn't will openly, but it is the Power

:17:37.:17:41.

behind-the-scenes and this is the latest in a of attacks on this area.

:17:41.:17:48.

There was a car bomb, a couple of rocket attacks, but this is the most

:17:48.:17:53.

deadly and serious so far. This is what he had in mind when he says he

:17:53.:17:58.

was willing to bear the consequences of the involvement of his forces

:17:58.:18:02.

alongside Syrian Government troops in the war there, because nobody

:18:02.:18:06.

here doubts that this is what this is about. What is the feeling on the

:18:06.:18:14.

streets there, at the moment, that this assumption that it is linked to

:18:15.:18:20.

Hezbollah's role in Syria? People must be concerned, there are

:18:21.:18:25.

apartment blocks nearby. Absolutely, this is a densely

:18:25.:18:27.

populated area and Absolutely, this is a densely

:18:27.:18:33.

doubt that this is about has bowler and Syria. Hezbollah's men were all

:18:33.:18:39.

over the streets after the explosion, trying to get to the fire

:18:39.:18:43.

over the streets after the and controlling traffic. They

:18:43.:18:45.

over the streets after the the Power behind-the-scenes. They

:18:45.:18:51.

over the streets after the the official services, but they are

:18:51.:18:51.

the main force here. the official services, but they are

:18:51.:19:05.

the Syria -- Syrian regime. There are many

:19:05.:19:12.

the Syria -- Syrian regime. There its strongholds and that seems to be

:19:12.:19:13.

what is happening now. There has its strongholds and that seems to be

:19:13.:19:23.

scale, now it is getting bigger and nobody really believes that is the

:19:23.:19:26.

end of it as the war in Syria goes on and it is

:19:26.:19:30.

the day and says more spill over here.

:19:30.:19:36.

Motorists trying to cross from Spain into Gibraltar have faced

:19:36.:19:41.

Motorists trying to cross yet more queues - as long as four

:19:41.:19:43.

hours at one point today. The Spanish Foreign Ministry says the

:19:43.:19:47.

checks are necessary in the wake of increased

:19:47.:19:48.

checks are necessary in the wake of border. But it comes at a time of

:19:48.:19:51.

increasing diplomatic tension between the Spanish and British

:19:51.:19:57.

governments. We can now speak to Tom Burridge who is in Gibraltar. Tom,

:19:57.:20:03.

what is the reaction of the Spanish Government when the British

:20:03.:20:06.

Government says it may have to take legal action over this? The Spanish

:20:06.:20:11.

Government say they are not worry about that, they say the checks down

:20:11.:20:15.

on the border here are necessary. Let's show you the geography of this

:20:15.:20:20.

part of the world. Down here to the left is Gibraltar town, a town of

:20:20.:20:25.

around 30,000 people, a mix of nationalities. British Gibraltarians

:20:25.:20:33.

make up the vast majority. If we go backwards, you can see the small

:20:33.:20:38.

airport, a landing strip here with about five flights per day. If we

:20:38.:20:45.

then zoom in on the border and beyond that is mainland Spain, if

:20:45.:20:52.

you go into the border, you can see the evening to use. Delays going out

:20:52.:20:58.

the seasoning. This morning, it is at about four hours, now the delays

:20:58.:21:03.

are at about two hours going out. More than normal. This is a

:21:03.:21:07.

diplomatic row. Spain and Britain seem to be a long way apart in

:21:07.:21:12.

resolving this. The Gibraltarian Government say that essentially they

:21:12.:21:17.

are not willing to compromise in any way in Spain over the disputed

:21:17.:21:24.

waters. If we zoom out, you can see mainland Spain and the border town

:21:24.:21:31.

there. If we go left, you can begin to see what Spain deems to be their

:21:31.:21:38.

waters. Gibraltar say the waters nearby are theirs. That is the crux

:21:38.:21:43.

of this dispute. The Gibraltarian Government has put a concrete grief

:21:43.:21:47.

into a spot in the waters there and Spain say that Gibraltar acted

:21:48.:21:56.

unilaterally. I think this has become a much wider dispute is now.

:21:56.:21:59.

There are lots of issues, including smuggling. The Gibraltarian

:22:00.:22:06.

Government maintains that the smuggling dispute is a smoke screen.

:22:06.:22:16.

Exactly. There is a sense of cynicism from the British side and

:22:16.:22:20.

the Spanish side that these could be two governments who are trying to

:22:20.:22:22.

make headlines and win two governments who are trying to

:22:22.:22:26.

support. That is at a time their populations may be turning

:22:26.:22:28.

away from them, their populations may be turning

:22:28.:22:34.

perhaps also that the British Prime their populations may be turning

:22:34.:22:39.

Minister is looking for some support with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:39.:22:42.

are right. The Gibraltarian with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:42.:22:47.

that the Spanish Government is with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:47.:22:50.

the issue of Gibraltar to with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:50.:22:53.

attention from firstly a corruption with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:53.:22:56.

party, the ruling party, and also with a bit of cheap nationalism. You

:22:56.:23:03.

in the Eurozone crisis. It is an accusation

:23:03.:23:07.

in the Eurozone crisis. It is an strongly denies. Over in Spain,

:23:07.:23:09.

in the Eurozone crisis. It is an should say. You have to put a bit of

:23:09.:23:11.

realpolitik into this, this is should say. You have to put a bit of

:23:11.:23:14.

dispute that has run on for centuries. Gibraltar was handed to

:23:14.:23:22.

Britain 300 years ago in a peace treaty, but the dispute has

:23:22.:23:24.

escalated to a point where treaty, but the dispute has

:23:24.:23:28.

local people say they have not ever seen it this bad. There is a lot of

:23:28.:23:33.

domestic politics, in Spain and Britain. David Cameron is under

:23:33.:23:38.

pressure on this issue, the Gibraltarian people and the

:23:38.:23:42.

Government expect Britain to defend their sovereignty and that is what

:23:42.:23:50.

he has done so far. Scientists have discovered the first new species of

:23:50.:23:53.

carnivore to be identified in the Western Hemisphere in 35 years.

:23:53.:23:58.

Olinguito lives in the cloud forests of the northern Andes. Its discovery

:23:58.:24:03.

can thousands of miles away in a museum. -- began thousands.

:24:03.:24:10.

Scientist Chris Haugen is discovering new species. There are

:24:10.:24:19.

600,000 specimens here, flatpack in to save space. In recent years, it

:24:19.:24:26.

has become possible to extract DNA from these remains, even though some

:24:26.:24:31.

are more than 100 years old. That has led to new discoveries, such as

:24:31.:24:36.

the olinguito. I have lots of treasures in here, this is filled

:24:36.:24:44.

with new species and is our olinguitos. He made his discovery

:24:44.:24:51.

after searching through a mammal collection in Chicago. When I pulled

:24:51.:24:56.

out a draw and saw the skulls, it stop me in my tracks. They were a

:24:56.:25:02.

rich, red colour. I looked at the skulls and I did not recognise that

:25:02.:25:08.

anatomy. Once he established that it was a new species, he went in search

:25:08.:25:13.

of a living example and found it in the cloud forests of Colombia and

:25:13.:25:17.

Ecuador. They are the smallest member of the raccoon family.

:25:17.:25:29.

Americans, retails... And now, the olinguito. Years ago, this very zoo

:25:29.:25:36.

had an olinguito on display, she died many years ago without anyone

:25:36.:25:41.

knowing what she was. An undescribed species. He has identified many

:25:41.:25:50.

other species, but the discovery of the olinguito is rare and

:25:51.:25:54.

significant because it is so large and eats meat. And animal like this

:25:54.:26:04.

discovered so late in the century, it reminds us that the age of

:26:04.:26:08.

discovery is far from over. The olinguito makes us think, what

:26:08.:26:13.

discovery is far from over. The is still out there? What is certain

:26:13.:26:13.

is that is still out there? What is certain

:26:13.:26:18.

in one of the world's museum collections.

:26:18.:26:25.

in one of the world's museum President Obama

:26:25.:26:46.

in one of the world's museum That is all from us for now.

:26:46.:26:48.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS