14/08/2013 World News Today


14/08/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 14/08/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

me, Katya Adler. Our top story: Bloodshed on the streets of Egypt.

:00:16.:00:20.

Security forces move into clear protest camps set up by the ousted

:00:20.:00:23.

president, Mohammed Morsi. The Health Ministry says 150 people have

:00:24.:00:31.

died. The Muslim Brotherhood say more than 2000. A state of emergency

:00:31.:00:39.

has been declared and a curfew is now in force. Morsi supporters

:00:39.:00:47.

staged demonstrations across Egypt. The interim vice president has

:00:47.:00:53.

resigned. The US has condemned the use of violence against protestors.

:00:53.:00:59.

Violence will only make it more difficult to move Egypt forward on a

:00:59.:01:03.

path to lasting stability and democracy, and runs counter to the

:01:03.:01:09.

pledges by the interim government to pursue reconciliation. Has the

:01:09.:01:13.

struggling eurozone finally turned the corner? It returns to modest

:01:13.:01:21.

growth. He is pretty loud and, of course, extremely good-looking.

:01:21.:01:24.

William's first public comments about being a father three weeks

:01:24.:01:34.
:01:34.:01:40.

Hello and welcome. The crackdown in Cairo had been long awaited - and

:01:40.:01:44.

when it came at dawn this morning, it was with overwhelming force.

:01:44.:01:47.

Heavily armed security forces moved in to clear two camps occupied by

:01:47.:01:51.

supporters of the ousted president, Mohammed Morsi. Casualty figures are

:01:51.:01:54.

difficult to verify - the Health Ministry says 149 people have been

:01:54.:02:01.

killed, the Muslim Brotherhood 2,200. Egypt's vice president, Nobel

:02:01.:02:05.

laureate Mohammed el Baradei, has resigned over the violence. A state

:02:05.:02:11.

of emergency has been declared for a month. Our correspondent James

:02:11.:02:20.

Reynolds reports from Cairo. Two hours after first light, without

:02:20.:02:30.
:02:30.:02:30.

warning, they moved in. We filmed a military bulldozer ducking down the

:02:30.:02:40.
:02:40.:02:46.

barricades around the mosque. Protestors fought back. This is what

:02:46.:02:53.

a last stand looks like. On this corner, demonstrators burned tyres

:02:53.:03:03.
:03:03.:03:04.

and took on the police. Here, an older man joins in. This officer

:03:04.:03:09.

fired his shot gun towards demonstrators as they ran away. The

:03:09.:03:14.

raid has been going on for about two hours. The police control this road.

:03:14.:03:20.

We are about 100 metres from the masking Kampmann. We have been

:03:20.:03:26.

hearing live fire and feeling the sting of tear gas as well. From a

:03:26.:03:31.

balcony, some cheered the offensive. In this neighbourhood, the security

:03:31.:03:37.

forces have plenty of support. The front line, the mosque, is just a

:03:37.:03:47.
:03:47.:03:48.

few blocks away. Here, and injured officer retreat from the fight. --

:03:48.:03:51.

and injured officer. This is the area of the security forces are

:03:51.:03:59.

trying to clear. The masking Kampmann has become a battle ground.

:03:59.:04:04.

-- the masking Kampmann. TRANSLATION: A man was standing next

:04:04.:04:11.

to me. In a second he was shot and died. What have we done? Government

:04:11.:04:15.

TV has broadcast these pictures said to show Morsi supporters firing on

:04:15.:04:21.

the police from the encampment. But this is what the probe or see

:04:21.:04:27.

movement once the world to see. -- what the pro-Morsi movement.

:04:27.:04:31.

Supporters took these pictures inside the hospital. Many are too

:04:31.:04:36.

graphic to show. A BBC Arabic correspondent counted 50 bodies in

:04:37.:04:46.
:04:47.:04:47.

one word. Protestors called the raid a massacre.

:04:47.:04:50.

TRANSLATION: This massacring is a war of annihilation. The military

:04:51.:04:57.

coup has failed. He will be tried before a military court. He is

:04:57.:05:04.

attempting to drag the Egyptian people into a civil war.

:05:04.:05:11.

Mick Dean, British cameraman, was among those killed. He was 61 years

:05:11.:05:19.

old and married with two sons. The security forces, here disbursing a

:05:19.:05:25.

second encampment on the other side of Cairo, have been commended for

:05:25.:05:29.

their restraint. -- disbursing. A piece of praise the opposition will

:05:29.:05:35.

struggle to comprehend. What must be deposed and imprisoned president,

:05:35.:05:40.

Mohammed Morsi, make of what has happened? His supporters once made

:05:40.:05:45.

up half of the country. They are now out of power and they are losing

:05:45.:05:53.

their final pieces of territory. The Muslim Brotherhood has had a

:05:53.:05:56.

long and politically inflamed history within the Middle East. What

:05:56.:05:59.

seemed like a rise to power after years of oppression in Egypt, has

:05:59.:06:05.

turned into disaster for the group. The BBC's Security and Defence

:06:05.:06:08.

Correspondent, Frank Gardener, took a look at the power behind the

:06:08.:06:14.

Muslim Brotherhood. Today's deadly clashes between

:06:14.:06:18.

Muslim Brotherhood protestors and the police may just be a foretaste

:06:18.:06:24.

of worse to come. The Muslim Brotherhood is a huge grassroots

:06:24.:06:28.

political and social movement dating back 85 years, and it is dedicated

:06:28.:06:34.

to establishing an Islamic state. They have been good at handing out a

:06:34.:06:40.

charity. But their year in office was a disaster for the economy. Now

:06:40.:06:43.

the deposed president has vanished from view, detained by the

:06:43.:06:48.

military. The other leaders are either under arrest or on the run,

:06:48.:06:53.

their assets seized. The backlash has begun. Some of their supporters

:06:53.:06:56.

have been attacking Christian churches, police stations and

:06:56.:07:01.

symbols of government. The movement's leaders insist their

:07:01.:07:08.

protests are peaceful. The Muslim Brotherhood has faced atrocities of

:07:08.:07:11.

dictatorships for decades and we have stood peacefully against them.

:07:11.:07:16.

The implication is that it is not about the Muslim Brotherhood, it is

:07:16.:07:19.

about the Arab spring. If it does not succeed in Egypt, it will not

:07:19.:07:24.

succeed anywhere else. Egypt is central, Egypt is important and it

:07:24.:07:28.

has to succeed. The Muslim Brotherhood's influence extends

:07:28.:07:34.

beyond Egypt. Its closest political allies are probably how mass in

:07:34.:07:44.
:07:44.:07:44.

Gaza. -- how mass. In Jordan, the anti-Western Muslim Brotherhood

:07:44.:07:48.

forms a powerful bloc. They have been present for years underground

:07:48.:07:54.

in Syria. They are banned there. Thousands were massacred by the

:07:54.:07:57.

previous president. In Turkey, the Government is an Islamist one

:07:57.:08:03.

influenced by the Muslim Brotherhood. In the Gulf, Qatar is

:08:03.:08:10.

their only real backer. These latest clashes are potentially very

:08:10.:08:14.

stabilising for the Middle East. A lot of people in the region either

:08:14.:08:18.

love the Muslim Brotherhood or they detested. What it is simply too big

:08:18.:08:23.

to be ignored. So ultimately, compromise will have to be found if

:08:23.:08:30.

further bloodshed is to be avoided. With me as Baroness Faulkner, who

:08:30.:08:35.

was in Cairo last week. She speaks for the Liberal Democrats on foreign

:08:35.:08:44.

affairs in the House of Lords. Welcome. You were in Cairo exactly a

:08:44.:08:48.

week ago, inside the camps that were cleared so forcefully today. How did

:08:48.:08:53.

you feel as you saw the scene unfold? The sense of grievance

:08:53.:08:57.

within the camp was running very high. There were a lot of people,

:08:57.:09:02.

men, women and children. We were told there were tens of thousands.

:09:02.:09:09.

It is a large area. Very high barricades. Just one or two exits.

:09:09.:09:14.

It was highly congested. Highly volatile. And very worrying. There

:09:14.:09:19.

has been, I mean, the emptying of the camps has been long expected. It

:09:19.:09:24.

had been predicted and almost promised. Why were there still so

:09:24.:09:29.

many women and children are? Did you manage to talk to some of the

:09:29.:09:35.

protestors? Were there worried about their families? I raised that with

:09:35.:09:42.

them. We were there to urge them to disband peacefully. To urge the

:09:42.:09:44.

protestors to disband peacefully. The Government had spoken about

:09:44.:09:51.

needing to clear central Cairo. They were unprepared to disband. They

:09:51.:09:57.

feel a deep sense of grievance. They feel they have been robbed of an

:09:57.:10:00.

outcome and democratic terms. When I raised the issue of perhaps

:10:00.:10:05.

evacuating the women and children, at least exhorting the women and

:10:05.:10:10.

children to leave, there was a deep reluctance. On the one hand, they

:10:10.:10:14.

did not want the women and children to leave because they said they had

:10:14.:10:19.

lost brothers and sons, and these women want to avenge, you know,

:10:19.:10:23.

their loved ones, who had died in previous shootings. On the other

:10:23.:10:27.

hand, they also wanted the women and children to stay there because they

:10:27.:10:34.

were scared that the security forces would come to them. And yet also

:10:34.:10:39.

coming out of these camps there have been statements like, victory or

:10:39.:10:44.

martyrdom. People were very prepared for this kind of violence. It is a

:10:44.:10:47.

winner takes all mentality in Egypt. What role can the

:10:47.:10:52.

international community now play? Could there be some hope that each

:10:52.:10:57.

side is showing a strong hand and there may now be an opportunity for

:10:57.:11:03.

compromise? Voices on the ground seem more doom laden. Of course,

:11:03.:11:08.

Egypt's destiny lies in the hands of the people. I think you are quite

:11:08.:11:15.

right. If there was ever a time to forget about saving face on both

:11:15.:11:19.

sides, and to actually sit down around the table, it is now. A few

:11:19.:11:25.

tangible things need to happen. The state of emergency must be lifted as

:11:25.:11:29.

soon as possible. As soon as any kind of order is restored, the state

:11:29.:11:34.

of emergency has to be lifted. The Government has to give a guarantee

:11:34.:11:37.

that it will not harm the Muslim Brotherhood or the supporters while

:11:37.:11:42.

talks are consuming. And they have got to sit down without conditions.

:11:42.:11:48.

The Muslim Brotherhood has to agree now to sit down without President

:11:48.:11:51.

Morsi needing to come back into the presidential palace. And the army,

:11:51.:11:59.

clearly, now in control, the facade of the interim government appears to

:11:59.:12:02.

be shattering with the resignation of Mohamed ElBaradei. It is clear

:12:02.:12:07.

the army are in control. They are part of Egypt. They come from within

:12:07.:12:11.

Egypt. They have families on either side of the divide. They have got to

:12:11.:12:15.

show more statesmanship rather than brute force.

:12:16.:12:22.

Thank you very much indeed. Let's go live now to Washington and join our

:12:22.:12:26.

State Department correspondent. We have had very strong words coming

:12:26.:12:36.
:12:36.:12:36.

from the United States. Can we expect deeds to follow words on

:12:36.:12:41.

behalf of the international community? It is still unclear what

:12:41.:12:44.

the United States is going to do following the violence on

:12:44.:12:48.

Washington. As our viewers know, over the last few weeks the US has

:12:48.:12:53.

really struggled to formulate a policy when it comes to Egypt. It

:12:53.:13:00.

was, of course, not in favour of removal of President Morsi and the

:13:00.:13:06.

way it happened, but it did not want to call it a cool. It wanted to

:13:06.:13:10.

maintain lines of communication with the interim rulers, but by not

:13:10.:13:15.

calling it a clue, it did upset the Muslim Brotherhood. In the end

:13:15.:13:19.

Washington decided not to call it anything. That may be a position

:13:19.:13:22.

that is untenable at the moment because of what we are seeing unfold

:13:22.:13:27.

in Cairo. We have had strong words of condemnation of the violence by

:13:27.:13:33.

the White House. It was a deputy spokesperson. President Obama is on

:13:33.:13:37.

holiday at the moment in the US. There is a sense also that I am

:13:37.:13:42.

picking up on, that it is important for somebody more senior to step

:13:42.:13:46.

forward. It is possible we may hear from the American Secretary of

:13:46.:13:51.

State, John Kerry, later today. At the moment, all we're getting from

:13:51.:13:56.

Washington our words. When it comes to action, the first thing that

:13:56.:14:01.

comes to mind is, will the United States call it a coup? Will the

:14:01.:14:05.

United States cut of military aid or other kind of aid? Is important to

:14:05.:14:10.

remember that in the short term it is a symbolic gesture because the

:14:10.:14:15.

impact is not immediate. The M -- the aid continues flowing for some

:14:15.:14:21.

time. Thank you for joining us from Washington.

:14:21.:14:27.

We leave events in Egypt for now. We will return -- we turn to Europe.

:14:27.:14:31.

The economic malaise that has gripped the continent since 2011,

:14:31.:14:37.

seems to be over. Or is it? 17 countries that make up the eurozone

:14:37.:14:42.

grew by not .3%. A stronger figure than economists were expecting.

:14:42.:14:49.

Matthew Price sent this report. This is a recovery very much made in

:14:49.:14:55.

Germany. Made in the high-tech laboratories where they design

:14:55.:15:01.

Internet hardware. This man has watched his business boom by a

:15:01.:15:09.

quarter in the last year. This year again we're running a double digit

:15:09.:15:15.

coalface. No recession whatsoever. German consumers are spending,

:15:15.:15:20.

helping to lead the eurozone out of recession. Manufacturing is strong.

:15:20.:15:24.

The result, they say, of government policies are decade ago that created

:15:24.:15:29.

a more flexible economy. Without German growth, the eurozone would

:15:29.:15:33.

still be in decline. But one country does not make a recovery. Three

:15:33.:15:38.

miles away is the Dutch border. The figures show they are still in

:15:38.:15:42.

recession. Nobody believes that today marks the end of the European

:15:42.:15:47.

economic problems. Still, in France, the eurozone's second

:15:47.:15:50.

largest economy, there was an unexpected jump in growth. Created,

:15:50.:15:56.

in part, by higher household and government spending. The job centres

:15:56.:16:01.

are still dealing with new record unemployment. But today's figures

:16:01.:16:09.

are welcome. People right now want to invest. The crisis is not over.

:16:09.:16:13.

But in Brussels, they caution that the big problem, massive eurozone

:16:13.:16:17.

government debt, remains. Unequivocally it is good news for

:16:17.:16:21.

the eurozone that there is growth again. But we shall not forget there

:16:21.:16:26.

is still a crisis. No time for complacency. Positive growth is

:16:26.:16:36.
:16:36.:16:41.

good. It will help tackle the crisis but there still is a crisis. They

:16:41.:16:46.

say that things in Europe are improving on television, but here in

:16:46.:16:51.

Spain I do not see anything getting better. That is how economic

:16:51.:16:57.

recoveries work. He will not feel it yet, but Spain's recession appears

:16:57.:17:01.

to be teetering out, so too in other parts of the cash-starved south.

:17:01.:17:07.

This may be a slow recovery, but any recovery of this large trading bloc

:17:07.:17:13.

is better news for Britain and the rest of the world.

:17:13.:17:19.

For more on the Eurozone I am joined by my colleague who is here with us

:17:19.:17:24.

in the studio. When you travel around Europe, you do not feel a

:17:24.:17:32.

sense of easing in the Mediterranean countries. It is very gloomy, no one

:17:32.:17:38.

expects that things are going well in the Mediterranean.

:17:38.:17:41.

Netherlands is a special case because it has the property collapse

:17:41.:17:50.

going on. You are correct, a growth rate of 0.3% is no growth at all.

:17:50.:17:54.

Obviously, it is driven largely by France and Germany from the figures.

:17:54.:17:59.

It is possible that these figures, although they will not be strong

:17:59.:18:05.

enough to do create jobs, they will afford confidence in businesses.

:18:05.:18:09.

They will look at the figures and say this is good and has been going

:18:09.:18:16.

on for a year and a half. Finally, it is possible to allow ourselves

:18:16.:18:21.

the confidence, not because of a dramatic difference, but we are

:18:21.:18:25.

seeing the recovery in the United States for example. It is clear that

:18:25.:18:30.

the bottom has been reached for the Eurozone, perhaps not yet for Greece

:18:30.:18:36.

but for other countries. And in France? Yes, we need is a much about

:18:36.:18:41.

political problems there and disenchantment with those in power

:18:41.:18:46.

there. I do think there is more to come and people would like to see

:18:46.:18:48.

that in France before there is more confidence.

:18:48.:18:55.

Thank you very much indeed. It seems unlikely there are survivors after

:18:55.:19:02.

two explosions on board an Indian submarine. The blast happened while

:19:02.:19:07.

the ship was stopped in Mumbai. It is not yet clear what caused the

:19:07.:19:13.

blast. A deadly fire on an Indian naval submarine caused by two major

:19:13.:19:18.

explosions which occurred close to midnight. 18 sailors were on board

:19:18.:19:22.

the vessel that was stopped off the coast. Firefighters rushed to the

:19:22.:19:27.

sport and were able to does the flames in two hours. Residents

:19:27.:19:32.

recall hearing a large sound. were standing here just about to go

:19:32.:19:37.

to work and suddenly there was a rocket like sound, like a jet engine

:19:37.:19:42.

and then there was a blast. submarine has almost entirely sunk,

:19:42.:19:47.

just a small portion of the bill above the water. There is still no

:19:47.:19:52.

contact with those who were on board. Of the three officers, two

:19:52.:20:02.
:20:02.:20:02.

were married. Of the 15, six sailors are married. We hope for the best,

:20:02.:20:10.

but at the same time we have to prepare for the worst. The

:20:10.:20:15.

compartments may have been flooded for more than 12 hours. Divers are

:20:15.:20:20.

searching for survivors and are also trying to salvage the submarine.

:20:20.:20:26.

Naval authorities have turned the explosion and accident, but they

:20:26.:20:32.

have set up our board of enquiry to investigate what happened. It is a

:20:32.:20:35.

setback for the Indian Navy because the submarine had only just got back

:20:35.:20:40.

into operation earlier this year after being fitted with modern

:20:40.:20:47.

equipment in Russia in a process which took over two years.

:20:47.:20:52.

Scientists are reporting a milestone for cancer is the. They have

:20:52.:20:55.

identified 21 of the genetic mutations that can turn healthy

:20:55.:21:00.

tissue into tumours. There are more than 200 types of cancer and it is

:21:00.:21:05.

hoped that by understanding the genetic signatures left behind by

:21:05.:21:09.

cancer-causing agents, better treatments can be developed.

:21:09.:21:16.

The strange sight of cancer). This pic shows cancer cells in a kidney,

:21:17.:21:19.

this one in an overlay. Investigating how cancer starts this

:21:19.:21:28.

crucial. The most important through may be genetic. The steady rhythm of

:21:28.:21:33.

machines analysing DNA at the Institute near Cambridge. This is

:21:33.:21:37.

part of an international effort to understand what happens to our DNA

:21:37.:21:42.

and affect their chances of suffering cancer. Each of ourselves

:21:42.:21:48.

has a strand of DNA. It is made up of peers of pieces, put together in

:21:48.:21:53.

a specific order. Sometimes these can be damaged and these can meet to

:21:53.:22:01.

cancer. We know smoking can do that. In lung cancer the genetic pattern

:22:01.:22:06.

is altered in a particular way. It is a signature of the mutation

:22:06.:22:11.

caused by tobacco. A different signature is left behind by the

:22:11.:22:16.

ultraviolet light which can meet to skin cancer. The scientists have now

:22:16.:22:20.

found many other signatures of this kind which can all cause different

:22:20.:22:24.

types of cancers for reasons which are not known but can now be

:22:24.:22:31.

investigated. This is the largest study of its kind. We are very

:22:31.:22:36.

excited that through our findings we have opened a door and encountered

:22:36.:22:43.

many different parts that can lead to cancer formations. An animation

:22:43.:22:48.

of the moment a cancer cell divides. This research will not lead to new

:22:48.:22:54.

treatments. For this professor, a surgeon specialising in cancer, he

:22:54.:22:58.

says it creates new options for the future, especially for early

:22:58.:23:04.

warning. The indication for patients is that now we can think about not

:23:04.:23:10.

just treatment, we can think about early detection and prevention. Can

:23:10.:23:15.

start to understand what is causing those cancer specifically. -- we can

:23:15.:23:24.

start. The study has achieved something unimaginable only a few

:23:24.:23:29.

years ago, analysing 5 million genetic changes in cancer cells. The

:23:29.:23:33.

fight against cancer is slow and frustrating, but understanding how

:23:33.:23:38.

it starts should make a difference in the long run.

:23:38.:23:44.

We turn now to our top story. We go to Washington where the US Secretary

:23:44.:23:51.

of State is now speaking. Deputy secretary of state burns, together

:23:51.:23:57.

with our EU colleagues provided constructive ideas and left them on

:23:57.:24:02.

the table during talks in Cairo last week. From my many phone calls with

:24:02.:24:08.

many Egyptians, I believe they know full well what constructive process

:24:08.:24:11.

would look like. The interim government and military which

:24:11.:24:18.

together possess the preponderance of power in this confrontation have

:24:18.:24:20.

a unique responsibility to prevent further violence and offer

:24:20.:24:26.

constructive options for a conclusive and peaceful process

:24:26.:24:32.

across the entire political spectrum. This includes amending the

:24:32.:24:36.

constitution, holding parliamentary and presidential elections which the

:24:36.:24:42.

interim government itself has called for. All of the other parties, all

:24:42.:24:48.

the opposition and civil society, all parties also share a

:24:48.:24:51.

responsibility to avoid violence and protest appeared in a productive

:24:51.:24:58.

path towards a political solution. There will not be a solution through

:24:58.:25:01.

further polarisation. There can only be a political solution by bringing

:25:01.:25:07.

people together for a political solution. This is a pivotal moment

:25:07.:25:13.

for all Egyptians. The path towards violence leads only to greater

:25:13.:25:18.

instability, economic disaster and suffering. The only sustainable path

:25:18.:25:24.

for either side is one towards a political solution. I am convinced

:25:24.:25:30.

from my conversations today with a number of foreign ministers, I am

:25:30.:25:36.

convinced that that path is in fact still open. It is possible although

:25:36.:25:41.

it has been made much harder and more contributed by the events of

:25:41.:25:46.

today. The promise of the 2011 revolution has never been fully

:25:46.:25:52.

realised. The final outcome of that revolution is not yet decided. It

:25:52.:25:58.

will be shaped in the hours ahead and the days ahead. It will be

:25:58.:26:03.

shaped by the decisions which all of Egypt's political leaders meet now

:26:03.:26:08.

and in these days ahead. The world is closely watching Egypt and is

:26:08.:26:13.

deeply concerned about the events we have witnessed today. The United

:26:13.:26:19.

States remains at the ready to work with all of the parties and with our

:26:19.:26:22.

partners and with others around the world in order to help achieve

:26:22.:26:32.
:26:32.:26:41.

peaceful, democratic ways forward. I will be happy to answer questions.

:26:41.:26:44.

That was the US secretary of state speaking about the current turmoil

:26:44.:26:53.

in Egypt. We are leaving now. Thank you for joining us, from me and the

:26:53.:26:58.

rest of the team goodbye. rest of the team goodbye.

:26:58.:27:03.

Good evening. Some others yesterday got another chance to catch those

:27:03.:27:06.

shooting stars. It will be very different tonight with wet weather

:27:06.:27:15.

on the way. It will be a warm night with temperatures up to 17 degrees

:27:15.:27:20.

in some spots. This is where the clothes are streaming from, from the

:27:20.:27:28.

Atlantic. -- the clouds. This is where the heaviest of the rain will

:27:28.:27:33.

fall in Northern Ireland, Cumbria and southern Scotland. There will be

:27:33.:27:38.

some sunshine, especially to the east of the Pennines. The warmest

:27:38.:27:40.

and most humid weather will be across the south-east tomorrow.

:27:40.:27:48.

Temperatures could up # temperatures could get up to 21 degrees, it will

:27:48.:27:53.

feel sticky and very warm. But the South West and Wales, it will be

:27:53.:27:59.

cloudy with some rain. It will also feel sticky but it will not have the

:27:59.:28:03.

sunshine. For Northern Ireland, the worst of the rain will have cleared

:28:03.:28:09.

away but there is the chance of a shower or two and the same goes for

:28:09.:28:13.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS