14/08/2013 World News Today


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me, Katya Adler. Our top story: Bloodshed on the streets of Egypt.


Security forces move into clear protest camps set up by the ousted


president, Mohammed Morsi. The Health Ministry says 150 people have


died. The Muslim Brotherhood say more than 2000. A state of emergency


has been declared and a curfew is now in force. Morsi supporters


staged demonstrations across Egypt. The interim vice president has


resigned. The US has condemned the use of violence against protestors.


Violence will only make it more difficult to move Egypt forward on a


path to lasting stability and democracy, and runs counter to the


pledges by the interim government to pursue reconciliation. Has the


struggling eurozone finally turned the corner? It returns to modest


growth. He is pretty loud and, of course, extremely good-looking.


William's first public comments about being a father three weeks


Hello and welcome. The crackdown in Cairo had been long awaited - and


when it came at dawn this morning, it was with overwhelming force.


Heavily armed security forces moved in to clear two camps occupied by


supporters of the ousted president, Mohammed Morsi. Casualty figures are


difficult to verify - the Health Ministry says 149 people have been


killed, the Muslim Brotherhood 2,200. Egypt's vice president, Nobel


laureate Mohammed el Baradei, has resigned over the violence. A state


of emergency has been declared for a month. Our correspondent James


Reynolds reports from Cairo. Two hours after first light, without


warning, they moved in. We filmed a military bulldozer ducking down the


barricades around the mosque. Protestors fought back. This is what


a last stand looks like. On this corner, demonstrators burned tyres


and took on the police. Here, an older man joins in. This officer


fired his shot gun towards demonstrators as they ran away. The


raid has been going on for about two hours. The police control this road.


We are about 100 metres from the masking Kampmann. We have been


hearing live fire and feeling the sting of tear gas as well. From a


balcony, some cheered the offensive. In this neighbourhood, the security


forces have plenty of support. The front line, the mosque, is just a


few blocks away. Here, and injured officer retreat from the fight. --


and injured officer. This is the area of the security forces are


trying to clear. The masking Kampmann has become a battle ground.


-- the masking Kampmann. TRANSLATION: A man was standing next


to me. In a second he was shot and died. What have we done? Government


TV has broadcast these pictures said to show Morsi supporters firing on


the police from the encampment. But this is what the probe or see


movement once the world to see. -- what the pro-Morsi movement.


Supporters took these pictures inside the hospital. Many are too


graphic to show. A BBC Arabic correspondent counted 50 bodies in


one word. Protestors called the raid a massacre.


TRANSLATION: This massacring is a war of annihilation. The military


coup has failed. He will be tried before a military court. He is


attempting to drag the Egyptian people into a civil war.


Mick Dean, British cameraman, was among those killed. He was 61 years


old and married with two sons. The security forces, here disbursing a


second encampment on the other side of Cairo, have been commended for


their restraint. -- disbursing. A piece of praise the opposition will


struggle to comprehend. What must be deposed and imprisoned president,


Mohammed Morsi, make of what has happened? His supporters once made


up half of the country. They are now out of power and they are losing


their final pieces of territory. The Muslim Brotherhood has had a


long and politically inflamed history within the Middle East. What


seemed like a rise to power after years of oppression in Egypt, has


turned into disaster for the group. The BBC's Security and Defence


Correspondent, Frank Gardener, took a look at the power behind the


Muslim Brotherhood. Today's deadly clashes between


Muslim Brotherhood protestors and the police may just be a foretaste


of worse to come. The Muslim Brotherhood is a huge grassroots


political and social movement dating back 85 years, and it is dedicated


to establishing an Islamic state. They have been good at handing out a


charity. But their year in office was a disaster for the economy. Now


the deposed president has vanished from view, detained by the


military. The other leaders are either under arrest or on the run,


their assets seized. The backlash has begun. Some of their supporters


have been attacking Christian churches, police stations and


symbols of government. The movement's leaders insist their


protests are peaceful. The Muslim Brotherhood has faced atrocities of


dictatorships for decades and we have stood peacefully against them.


The implication is that it is not about the Muslim Brotherhood, it is


about the Arab spring. If it does not succeed in Egypt, it will not


succeed anywhere else. Egypt is central, Egypt is important and it


has to succeed. The Muslim Brotherhood's influence extends


beyond Egypt. Its closest political allies are probably how mass in


Gaza. -- how mass. In Jordan, the anti-Western Muslim Brotherhood


forms a powerful bloc. They have been present for years underground


in Syria. They are banned there. Thousands were massacred by the


previous president. In Turkey, the Government is an Islamist one


influenced by the Muslim Brotherhood. In the Gulf, Qatar is


their only real backer. These latest clashes are potentially very


stabilising for the Middle East. A lot of people in the region either


love the Muslim Brotherhood or they detested. What it is simply too big


to be ignored. So ultimately, compromise will have to be found if


further bloodshed is to be avoided. With me as Baroness Faulkner, who


was in Cairo last week. She speaks for the Liberal Democrats on foreign


affairs in the House of Lords. Welcome. You were in Cairo exactly a


week ago, inside the camps that were cleared so forcefully today. How did


you feel as you saw the scene unfold? The sense of grievance


within the camp was running very high. There were a lot of people,


men, women and children. We were told there were tens of thousands.


It is a large area. Very high barricades. Just one or two exits.


It was highly congested. Highly volatile. And very worrying. There


has been, I mean, the emptying of the camps has been long expected. It


had been predicted and almost promised. Why were there still so


many women and children are? Did you manage to talk to some of the


protestors? Were there worried about their families? I raised that with


them. We were there to urge them to disband peacefully. To urge the


protestors to disband peacefully. The Government had spoken about


needing to clear central Cairo. They were unprepared to disband. They


feel a deep sense of grievance. They feel they have been robbed of an


outcome and democratic terms. When I raised the issue of perhaps


evacuating the women and children, at least exhorting the women and


children to leave, there was a deep reluctance. On the one hand, they


did not want the women and children to leave because they said they had


lost brothers and sons, and these women want to avenge, you know,


their loved ones, who had died in previous shootings. On the other


hand, they also wanted the women and children to stay there because they


were scared that the security forces would come to them. And yet also


coming out of these camps there have been statements like, victory or


martyrdom. People were very prepared for this kind of violence. It is a


winner takes all mentality in Egypt. What role can the


international community now play? Could there be some hope that each


side is showing a strong hand and there may now be an opportunity for


compromise? Voices on the ground seem more doom laden. Of course,


Egypt's destiny lies in the hands of the people. I think you are quite


right. If there was ever a time to forget about saving face on both


sides, and to actually sit down around the table, it is now. A few


tangible things need to happen. The state of emergency must be lifted as


soon as possible. As soon as any kind of order is restored, the state


of emergency has to be lifted. The Government has to give a guarantee


that it will not harm the Muslim Brotherhood or the supporters while


talks are consuming. And they have got to sit down without conditions.


The Muslim Brotherhood has to agree now to sit down without President


Morsi needing to come back into the presidential palace. And the army,


clearly, now in control, the facade of the interim government appears to


be shattering with the resignation of Mohamed ElBaradei. It is clear


the army are in control. They are part of Egypt. They come from within


Egypt. They have families on either side of the divide. They have got to


show more statesmanship rather than brute force.


Thank you very much indeed. Let's go live now to Washington and join our


State Department correspondent. We have had very strong words coming


from the United States. Can we expect deeds to follow words on


behalf of the international community? It is still unclear what


the United States is going to do following the violence on


Washington. As our viewers know, over the last few weeks the US has


really struggled to formulate a policy when it comes to Egypt. It


was, of course, not in favour of removal of President Morsi and the


way it happened, but it did not want to call it a cool. It wanted to


maintain lines of communication with the interim rulers, but by not


calling it a clue, it did upset the Muslim Brotherhood. In the end


Washington decided not to call it anything. That may be a position


that is untenable at the moment because of what we are seeing unfold


in Cairo. We have had strong words of condemnation of the violence by


the White House. It was a deputy spokesperson. President Obama is on


holiday at the moment in the US. There is a sense also that I am


picking up on, that it is important for somebody more senior to step


forward. It is possible we may hear from the American Secretary of


State, John Kerry, later today. At the moment, all we're getting from


Washington our words. When it comes to action, the first thing that


comes to mind is, will the United States call it a coup? Will the


United States cut of military aid or other kind of aid? Is important to


remember that in the short term it is a symbolic gesture because the


impact is not immediate. The M -- the aid continues flowing for some


time. Thank you for joining us from Washington.


We leave events in Egypt for now. We will return -- we turn to Europe.


The economic malaise that has gripped the continent since 2011,


seems to be over. Or is it? 17 countries that make up the eurozone


grew by not .3%. A stronger figure than economists were expecting.


Matthew Price sent this report. This is a recovery very much made in


Germany. Made in the high-tech laboratories where they design


Internet hardware. This man has watched his business boom by a


quarter in the last year. This year again we're running a double digit


coalface. No recession whatsoever. German consumers are spending,


helping to lead the eurozone out of recession. Manufacturing is strong.


The result, they say, of government policies are decade ago that created


a more flexible economy. Without German growth, the eurozone would


still be in decline. But one country does not make a recovery. Three


miles away is the Dutch border. The figures show they are still in


recession. Nobody believes that today marks the end of the European


economic problems. Still, in France, the eurozone's second


largest economy, there was an unexpected jump in growth. Created,


in part, by higher household and government spending. The job centres


are still dealing with new record unemployment. But today's figures


are welcome. People right now want to invest. The crisis is not over.


But in Brussels, they caution that the big problem, massive eurozone


government debt, remains. Unequivocally it is good news for


the eurozone that there is growth again. But we shall not forget there


is still a crisis. No time for complacency. Positive growth is


good. It will help tackle the crisis but there still is a crisis. They


say that things in Europe are improving on television, but here in


Spain I do not see anything getting better. That is how economic


recoveries work. He will not feel it yet, but Spain's recession appears


to be teetering out, so too in other parts of the cash-starved south.


This may be a slow recovery, but any recovery of this large trading bloc


is better news for Britain and the rest of the world.


For more on the Eurozone I am joined by my colleague who is here with us


in the studio. When you travel around Europe, you do not feel a


sense of easing in the Mediterranean countries. It is very gloomy, no one


expects that things are going well in the Mediterranean.


Netherlands is a special case because it has the property collapse


going on. You are correct, a growth rate of 0.3% is no growth at all.


Obviously, it is driven largely by France and Germany from the figures.


It is possible that these figures, although they will not be strong


enough to do create jobs, they will afford confidence in businesses.


They will look at the figures and say this is good and has been going


on for a year and a half. Finally, it is possible to allow ourselves


the confidence, not because of a dramatic difference, but we are


seeing the recovery in the United States for example. It is clear that


the bottom has been reached for the Eurozone, perhaps not yet for Greece


but for other countries. And in France? Yes, we need is a much about


political problems there and disenchantment with those in power


there. I do think there is more to come and people would like to see


that in France before there is more confidence.


Thank you very much indeed. It seems unlikely there are survivors after


two explosions on board an Indian submarine. The blast happened while


the ship was stopped in Mumbai. It is not yet clear what caused the


blast. A deadly fire on an Indian naval submarine caused by two major


explosions which occurred close to midnight. 18 sailors were on board


the vessel that was stopped off the coast. Firefighters rushed to the


sport and were able to does the flames in two hours. Residents


recall hearing a large sound. were standing here just about to go


to work and suddenly there was a rocket like sound, like a jet engine


and then there was a blast. submarine has almost entirely sunk,


just a small portion of the bill above the water. There is still no


contact with those who were on board. Of the three officers, two


were married. Of the 15, six sailors are married. We hope for the best,


but at the same time we have to prepare for the worst. The


compartments may have been flooded for more than 12 hours. Divers are


searching for survivors and are also trying to salvage the submarine.


Naval authorities have turned the explosion and accident, but they


have set up our board of enquiry to investigate what happened. It is a


setback for the Indian Navy because the submarine had only just got back


into operation earlier this year after being fitted with modern


equipment in Russia in a process which took over two years.


Scientists are reporting a milestone for cancer is the. They have


identified 21 of the genetic mutations that can turn healthy


tissue into tumours. There are more than 200 types of cancer and it is


hoped that by understanding the genetic signatures left behind by


cancer-causing agents, better treatments can be developed.


The strange sight of cancer). This pic shows cancer cells in a kidney,


this one in an overlay. Investigating how cancer starts this


crucial. The most important through may be genetic. The steady rhythm of


machines analysing DNA at the Institute near Cambridge. This is


part of an international effort to understand what happens to our DNA


and affect their chances of suffering cancer. Each of ourselves


has a strand of DNA. It is made up of peers of pieces, put together in


a specific order. Sometimes these can be damaged and these can meet to


cancer. We know smoking can do that. In lung cancer the genetic pattern


is altered in a particular way. It is a signature of the mutation


caused by tobacco. A different signature is left behind by the


ultraviolet light which can meet to skin cancer. The scientists have now


found many other signatures of this kind which can all cause different


types of cancers for reasons which are not known but can now be


investigated. This is the largest study of its kind. We are very


excited that through our findings we have opened a door and encountered


many different parts that can lead to cancer formations. An animation


of the moment a cancer cell divides. This research will not lead to new


treatments. For this professor, a surgeon specialising in cancer, he


says it creates new options for the future, especially for early


warning. The indication for patients is that now we can think about not


just treatment, we can think about early detection and prevention. Can


start to understand what is causing those cancer specifically. -- we can


start. The study has achieved something unimaginable only a few


years ago, analysing 5 million genetic changes in cancer cells. The


fight against cancer is slow and frustrating, but understanding how


it starts should make a difference in the long run.


We turn now to our top story. We go to Washington where the US Secretary


of State is now speaking. Deputy secretary of state burns, together


with our EU colleagues provided constructive ideas and left them on


the table during talks in Cairo last week. From my many phone calls with


many Egyptians, I believe they know full well what constructive process


would look like. The interim government and military which


together possess the preponderance of power in this confrontation have


a unique responsibility to prevent further violence and offer


constructive options for a conclusive and peaceful process


across the entire political spectrum. This includes amending the


constitution, holding parliamentary and presidential elections which the


interim government itself has called for. All of the other parties, all


the opposition and civil society, all parties also share a


responsibility to avoid violence and protest appeared in a productive


path towards a political solution. There will not be a solution through


further polarisation. There can only be a political solution by bringing


people together for a political solution. This is a pivotal moment


for all Egyptians. The path towards violence leads only to greater


instability, economic disaster and suffering. The only sustainable path


for either side is one towards a political solution. I am convinced


from my conversations today with a number of foreign ministers, I am


convinced that that path is in fact still open. It is possible although


it has been made much harder and more contributed by the events of


today. The promise of the 2011 revolution has never been fully


realised. The final outcome of that revolution is not yet decided. It


will be shaped in the hours ahead and the days ahead. It will be


shaped by the decisions which all of Egypt's political leaders meet now


and in these days ahead. The world is closely watching Egypt and is


deeply concerned about the events we have witnessed today. The United


States remains at the ready to work with all of the parties and with our


partners and with others around the world in order to help achieve


peaceful, democratic ways forward. I will be happy to answer questions.


That was the US secretary of state speaking about the current turmoil


in Egypt. We are leaving now. Thank you for joining us, from me and the


rest of the team goodbye. rest of the team goodbye.


Good evening. Some others yesterday got another chance to catch those


shooting stars. It will be very different tonight with wet weather


on the way. It will be a warm night with temperatures up to 17 degrees


in some spots. This is where the clothes are streaming from, from the


Atlantic. -- the clouds. This is where the heaviest of the rain will


fall in Northern Ireland, Cumbria and southern Scotland. There will be


some sunshine, especially to the east of the Pennines. The warmest


and most humid weather will be across the south-east tomorrow.


Temperatures could up # temperatures could get up to 21 degrees, it will


feel sticky and very warm. But the South West and Wales, it will be


cloudy with some rain. It will also feel sticky but it will not have the


sunshine. For Northern Ireland, the worst of the rain will have cleared


away but there is the chance of a shower or two and the same goes for


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