10/09/2013 World News Today


10/09/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with Philippa Thomas. Syria says it will

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weapons but is that enough to stave Britain and the US want assurances

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that Syria will go through with Britain and the US want assurances

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plan. They are heading to the UN In Washington, President Obama heads

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to Capitol Hill where he is urging Congress to consider military action

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weapons we travel inside Syria where it is reported that the Army is

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stepping up its bombardment of rebel There has been bitter fighting going

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days. This region has been contested Coming up: Accused of crimes against

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humanity, Kenya's Deputy President idea only emerged about 24 hours ago

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at it has been a day of intense diplomatic activity. All this as

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calling for authorisation to launch military strikes. The David Willis

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diplomatic story that continues military strikes. The David Willis

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It came virtually at the 11th hour. A face-saving solution for a lot and

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-- a reluctant commander in chief. As news of a possible diplomatic

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breakthrough emerged, the president was asked where Syria to over hand

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its chemical weapons, would America happened. We would not have gotten

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maintained a credible possibility of a military strike and they do not

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think now is a time for us to let up on that. I want to make sure that

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chemical weapons is maintained. Maintaining that Norm is fraught

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with uncertainty is related to the tackle and separations that lie

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behind this plant but also the practicalities of enforcing it.

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Putting Syria's chemical weapons under international control all

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involved difficult and detailed measures. Measures which could take

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months to achieve. First a chemical weapon's inspection team must be

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themselves would have to be located secrecy, it could be difficult to

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work out if they were all handed over. Then there is the safety of

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inspectors. Unlike in Iraq they over. Then there is the safety of

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been setting about their task in the midst of a raging civil war. Hence

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the administration continues to midst of a raging civil war. Hence

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Congress for support for military action and the man who is -- the man

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whose script comments open the door concerned that the new plan may

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whose script comments open the door be a stalling tactic. It has to

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whose script comments open the door real and measurable and tangible and

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it is exceedingly difficult. I want everyone to know it is difficult to

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waiting for that proposal. We are not waiting for long. Affecting

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waiting for that proposal. We are military strike would certainly

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waiting for that proposal. We are the wobbly the American public.

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waiting for that proposal. We are football season, we found opinion

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deeply divided. Everyone wants to see their own country taking care

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of. When you are the caretaker of the planet you have to step up when

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a situation requires it. President Obama's increasingly lonely journey

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for the authorisation for military The UK and France say they will

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for the authorisation for military White House is not keen to give

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for the authorisation for military on the pressure and the threat of a

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military strike. President Obama has just said to Democrats in a meeting

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that very thing. He told senators that he was not prepared to take the

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Vladimir Putin has called for. If there is going to be something that

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leads to a deal between the Russians and Americans and the Syrians, Val

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de la Mare Putin -- Vladimir Putin wants the threat of a military

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strike to be taken off of the table. All of this comes as President

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Obama's speech writers are working be trying to figure out what the

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president should say to the American people in his address in seven hours

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time in the middle of a story that continues to change. I guess the

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fear must be that if we give up continues to change. I guess the

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negotiations that last a long time between the UN and Syria, the last

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thing the White House wants is to star all of this up again. Yes,

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thing the White House wants is to would not like to think themselves

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suspect. One day ago I would have said this was very convoluted for

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proposal, they were just try to said this was very convoluted for

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supporters and the supporters of the president for military action who

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are seeing this could be something administration. It puts it back

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are seeing this could be something it works, Syria's chemical weapons

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are taken out of action, something America has always wanted, and if it

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does not work, the president can now say he has international backing for

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the use of force against Syria and perhaps he does not need to go back

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to Congress. It was clear to me yesterday having talked to senators

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and congressmen was that hardly anyone on Capitol Hill wants this to

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go to a vote. Perhaps this is the boost that the Obama administration

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needed. Mark Fitzpatrick who spent a quarter in the US State Department

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non-procrastination and the Salmond programme -- Non-Proliferation and

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Disarmament Programme joins me now. What is the feasibility for ape

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Disarmament Programme joins me now. -- for a plan to get Syria to give

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us its chemical weapons? If this was a straightforward war it would be

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similar to the Iraq situation. Where a United Nations team was assembled

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similar to the Iraq situation. Where and it had all the resources needed

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going to secure the chemical weapons and it had all the resources needed

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going to secure the chemical weapons that Syria will be declaring and

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insurance is -- it's assurances that Syria will be declaring and

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the weapon inspectors will not be forces? Who controls them? There are

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with difficulty. Syria's Foreign Minister has said that Damascus

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with difficulty. Syria's Foreign ready to become a party to this

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weapons conviction -- convention, it seems like we are making the right

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noises. Syria up until now had not acknowledged that it had chemical

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weapons. Now they are acknowledging that they have them and they are

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making an important step when they previously said they would not be

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signing up to the chemical weapons Convention unless other things were

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met. It sounds good on paper, but the practicalities are immense. We

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do not know if this is a delaying tactic or not. This is also relying

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on Vladimir Putin's input. Britain and France will have to trust the

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Russians also. It is not a bad thing will really depend on them. They

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have the best relationship with Syria. They know about the chemical

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weapons and supplied some of the intelligence than anyone as to the

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location of these chemical weapons. Russia is a member of the chemical

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weapons. We want this to 16 and Russia is a member of the chemical

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a reason for that. Whether the Syrian rebels want them to succeed

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is another matter. Whether the Russian security forces will be

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is another matter. Whether the to do a job without getting involved

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in a firefight is also up to debate. There are so many things that could

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go wrong here. I was going to ask you how long you thought this would

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take, but I think we all know it negotiating it will probably take a

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long time. Getting the forces into the country will probably take

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months. Getting rid of the chemical weapons could take years. Thank

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months. Getting rid of the chemical Now more on the diplomatic efforts

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to avoid military action against Assad regime. Jeremy Bowen joins me

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now from Damascus. What is the reaction at your end where it all

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matters so much? I spent a long reaction at your end where it all

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today walking around trying to talk to people about what they thought

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about developments. No one said frustration that the Americans are

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weapons. Most people said it was a frustration that the Americans are

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the regime. Many people were anxious this is who are their rivals and the

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movement here in the armed uprising. will no longer happen. It was not

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certain but now that there seems to be progress and more openness from

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the Syrians, the news just a few be progress and more openness from

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news agency from Russia is that Syria is going to join the chemical

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weapons Convention and these are big Syria is going to join the chemical

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weapons Convention and these are big developments as they happen, and I

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think that President Obama will certainly say that the threat of

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military action forced this to As the International committee

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ever-changing diplomatic landscape, the killings continue in Syria.

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ever-changing diplomatic landscape, Pannell and cameraman Darren Conway

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north-west of the country. This report contains some distressing

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Syrians live in fear of many things, but its so-called conventional

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weapons, not chemical that have killed so many of them. For the

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weapons, not chemical that have two years, Taftanaz has been bombed

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and shelled, each at Hack recorded by a local media activist. -- each

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attack. Weaving among the rubble and the ruins he graded us through the

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destruction that has evolved this village. This is what he filmed

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destruction that has evolved this few days ago. Another area of attack

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that left 14 people dead and many more injured. The rebels have used

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this town as a base but when the government responds it is usually

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civilians that are killed. This government responds it is usually

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not the worst athat Taftanaz has no one, Rosslyn not even the worst

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not the worst athat Taftanaz has no Syria that day. But their attacks

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have increased and Britain suspects it is because of the threat of

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Before this strike the shelled us with missiles and artillery for

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Before this strike the shelled us reason. They are all civilians here.

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Over the past few days it has gotten heavier. I think it is because of

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statements by America regarding This is where one of the bombs

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landed in the latest attack. Many This is where one of the bombs

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landed in the latest attack. Many came home thinking it was now safe

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as our blood is cheaper than yours? Christian, Jewish? I respect you but

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as our blood is cheaper than yours? did anyone do? It is almost as if

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you enjoy watching it. Like millions within his own country, his family

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on the move, desperate for shelter and safety. But few paths of Syria

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offer that comfort. Events on the ground have consistently outpaced

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the international debate about what to do and up and the rocky hills of

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the North, the struggle between to do and up and the rocky hills of

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army and the rebels is undiminished. There has been bitter fighting going

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on in this particular area over There has been bitter fighting going

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past three or four days. This region itself has been contested heavily

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over the last year and a half. Locals are bracing themselves as to

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what may come from the international community. There is no sense of

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what may come from the international fighting each other as hard as ever.

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While one side fears the possibility opportunity. Rebels talk about using

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them to push forward. If it does not resentment and marginalise more

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moderate groups ready to engage resentment and marginalise more

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the West. The struggle to control Syria has left large swathes of

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the West. The struggle to control impassable. At night the lights

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the West. The struggle to control government controlled cities in

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the West. The struggle to control distance seem to taunt rebel-held

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Syrians have different views on their future. What they can't agree

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on is that the suffering must end. Let's bring you some other news

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on is that the suffering must end. The deputy president of Kenya,

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William Ruto, has made history The deputy president of Kenya,

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unwillingly - at the International Criminal Court in the Hague. William

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Ruto was the first ever sitting government official to go on trial

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there. He is pleading not guilty to violence in the wake of Kenya's

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disputed elections six years ago. Kenyatta is also accused of crimes

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against humanity. His trial is due to open in November. With me is

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Richard Goldstone. He is a former International Criminal Tribunals,

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Rwanda. They presented themselves for trial voluntarily. That is an

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found there was a reasonable case. pretty that Kenya have not put

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found there was a reasonable case. summons, rather than an arrest

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assurance that the defendants would appear voluntarily. It has got to

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come to my now whether the ICC is committing war crimes, and they

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come to my now whether the ICC is thinking will they be summoning

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come to my now whether the ICC is at some point question mark --?

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There is a private initiative at a university who has been involved in

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previous cases. The idea is to put together a draft statute at some

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future democratic government can look at and be proactive and prepare

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some sort of recipe for the setup of international... The crimes are

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some sort of recipe for the setup of serious. This is something that

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government as well? Certainly the US government has indicated it would be

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our useful exercise. Your point being all the way through that it is

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better to deal with such alleged crimes domestic league? Absolutely.

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If it came to it, the ICC troops be calling on Bashar al-Assad. If the

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Security Council are able to appeal to the International Criminal Court

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of Syria, the International Criminal Court would take on the case. Thank

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Let's take a look at the other news A court in India has phoned for

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Let's take a look at the other news guilty of the gang raped and murder

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of a woman on a bus in Delhi last widespread calls that they should

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Three generations of British family have been shot while on holiday

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Three generations of British family Turkey, leaving one dead and two

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had been celebrating a birthday family, from the north of England,

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had been celebrating a birthday party at their luxury villa at

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fire. A man has been arrested at the At least 44 people have been killed

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fire. A man has been arrested at the in a run when two buses collided.

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If it wins, it will be the shortest novel to ever take the prize. A

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short time ago I spoke to the writer and broadcaster Natalie Haynes. We

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have got authors from all over the Canadian-Japanese. Jhumpa Lahiri is

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American and also Indian. Jim Crace, Birmingham, my home town. Colm

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Toibin, Irish. Now Violet Balla wheel, -- now Violet Balla wheel,

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now lives in the US. How British is this? I think we can safely say

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now lives in the US. How British is did not set out to the filling each

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one of those boxes, but we did. did not set out to the filling each

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is also the case that if Eleanor youngest ever winner. If Jim Crace

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wins, he would be one of the oldest, he is 67. You are making waves?

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wins, he would be one of the oldest, can feel the buzz about the short

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list. It is really lovely. When can feel the buzz about the short

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bring out the long list, you do can feel the buzz about the short

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with some fear in your art. -- your heart. People were pretty positive.

:23:57.:24:01.

We thought the short list would heart. People were pretty positive.

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generally feel that we have picked a strong short list. Do you think

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taste now? Absolutely. I think it has changed publishing a little

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taste now? Absolutely. I think it well because they do sell well.

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taste now? Absolutely. I think it can get reviews that sold very well

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in the UK. There is a definite sense the New York Times or the age in

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Australia. Wherever people are the New York Times or the age in

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of you. A smaller task than the the New York Times or the age in

:25:06.:25:13.

here we had to beat 251 books. the New York Times or the age in

:25:13.:25:17.

was a lot of fun but an awful lot of work. Now I have to be six books and

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a month. That is like a normal amount of books that people read.

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Last year I did the Orange prize for fiction. In two years I have read a

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little bit over 200 books, I think. We're going to leave you with some

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extraordinary gem. A diamond the size of a hen's egg. It is expected

:25:48.:25:56.

to reach an incredible price. This could sell for anything between

:25:56.:26:02.

to reach an incredible price. This and 35mm $ option. That would make

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diamond. -- $28 million and 35mm all Let's remind you know of Armenia 's

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on Syria. Syria says it is prepared inspectors to inspect facilities.

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There will be a Security Council meeting in a few hours. Russia has

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already told France that a binding UN resolution would be unacceptable.

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That is all from the programme for now. Next the weather. Goodbye.

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