11/09/2013 World News Today


11/09/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with weapons has been handed over to

:00:05.:00:16.

In Washington, President Obama has put US military action on hold,

:00:16.:00:19.

In Washington, President Obama has the bitter disappointment of the

:00:19.:00:19.

continues - a BBC team has reached the bitter disappointment of the

:00:19.:00:35.

continues - a BBC team has reached Maaloula, where government forces

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but the fight is still going on Maaloula, where government forces

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Also coming up - hopes rise for Maaloula, where government forces

:00:50.:00:54.

infected with the equivalent virus findings suggest human hunters

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Hello and welcome. The UN meeting is back on. Members are due to meet

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later today to discuss Syria's situation. Russia is reported to

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have handed over to the United Syria's chemical weapons under

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international control - that's according to Russian media. The

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plan will be on the table tomorrow when the US Secretary of State John

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Kerry holds talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Geneva.

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Our World Affairs Correspondent James Robbins begins by asking

:01:53.:01:57.

address to prepare Americans for strikes on Syria suddenly became

:01:57.:02:01.

something completely different as President Obama told them military

:02:01.:02:05.

action was on hold and the new focus was on Russia's plan of for

:02:05.:02:12.

the UN supervise disarmament of Assad's a pickle weapons. We need

:02:12.:02:19.

to verify that the Assad regime will keep its commitments. We are

:02:19.:02:33.

President Obama says it is vital that the Assad regime still stays

:02:33.:02:39.

the threat of strikes as real. Let me make something clear. The United

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message to Assad that no other nation can deliver. But as fighting

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a cross Symeou rages, is there any chance of Russia's plan can be

:02:56.:03:02.

implemented? Can international team John Kerry will meet his Russian

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counterpart in Geneva. They are still miles apart from turning

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Russia's disarmament plan into reality. At the United Nations

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there have been two and a half years of deadlock and it could be

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getting worse. On one side the US and its allies front and the United

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China. France has drawn up a draft Kingdom, on the Other Russia and

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China. France has drawn up a draft chemical weapons. The big five

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days. And under Chapter seven of the UN Charter, any failure to

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days. And under Chapter seven of undermine the plan. Unless that

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Syria it says people are fleeing in devastation and loss. Germany has

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started taking in Syrian refugees. example and will give shelter up to

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5,000 fleeing the bloodshed. Other European countries will now be

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Louay Safi is a spokesman for the Syrian National Coalition and joins

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us from Istanbul. Feng KPI for joining us. I do want to talk to

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you about the situation on the ground, but first, your reaction to

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the regime's admission that it does have chemical weapons. I think this

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admission was clearly to show that all the chemical attacks have been

:05:18.:05:28.

coming from the regime itself. For them to surrender it looks as if

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they are accepting the gilts. In Positive if this is only the first

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step towards a series of actions by the regime. It could be a ploy,

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step towards a series of actions by delayed tactic. -- a delay tactic.

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If they are serious they will agree that this is done under article

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If they are serious they will agree in that if they do not comply, then

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a military action can be taken. in that if they do not comply, then

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need to stop the bloodshed, the villages by the regime killing

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every day hundreds of innocent international inspectors coming

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into Syria to get hold of chemical guaranteed them safe passage? The

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rebels would not interfere against mission is to control weapons that

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have been used against civilians, that is for sure. But again, we

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have been used against civilians, ahead of ourselves. Over 1,500

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attacks must be brought to justice. innocent civilians have been killed

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attacks must be brought to justice. President, up by using even the

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threat of force, has achieved a Russians are acting in good faith?

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protection of civilians from all Russians are acting in good faith?

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We have many reasons not to trust the Russians because they have been

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acting to protect Assad and his regime from any punishment by the

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International Community. We have to wait to see if this is a serious

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thing, but we are sceptical. When you talk about your scepticism,

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your disappointment over Washington stepping back seems clear. I think

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we would have wanted to see more decisive action on the part of the

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American President. We are pleased that he did threaten the punitive

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attack and the Russians have been able so far to delay that, but I am

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sure that ultimately, we will have to see the regime complying with

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this particular demand as well as the demand to stop using its own

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arsenal against towns and villages in Syria. Thank you for your time.

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investigators have issued a report today saying that war crimes are

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being committed by all sides in today saying that war crimes are

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conflict. They say they know who has been carrying out the abuses

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and they want the perpetrators to be put on trial. But on the ground

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the civil war that has already cost continuing. Our Middle East editor

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Jeremy Bowen has been at the scene of fighting today in the Christian

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They have planted the Syrian flag on the roundabout, but the fight is

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still going on for the rest of the nearly 5 o'clock. A lot of the men

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are local. They are members of a sort of territorial army who have

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been drafted in to help out the fighting for Maaloula. They have

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they have run away like rats, but there is still a hard fight going

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on. In the time I have been here, I have seen a lot of people who have

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been winded -- winded. They are army and the National Defence are

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some formidable adversaries. After clearly organised, they are facing

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some formidable adversaries. After has rejected an appeal by a 13-

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some formidable adversaries. After state. Our reporter is in Berlin.

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Tell us more about the issue here. The issue is the insistence by the

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German state that schools have to have lessons including swimming

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German state that schools have to those lessons are compulsory. But

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on the other hand, the right to religious freedom is enshrined in

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the constitution. This 13-year-old girl said that by having to have

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swimming lessons with boys in the violating her religious freedom

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swimming lessons with boys in the be a Muslim. She took herself out

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of their swimming lessons and by doing so she lost marks. She had

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good grades in her other subjects, but this brought her down because

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she did not to be swimming lessons. The whole thing escalated and ended

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up in the highest court in Germany. The judge that there had to be a

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compromise and that compromise was a compulsion for her to do the

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lessons, but she could do than wearing and all over divers outfit

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that is loose fitting. That was wearing and all over divers outfit

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compromise that he said needs to happen. A compromise between the

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religion and the state's decision that you have to take part in these

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What has been the reaction? It reaction so far. Some teaching

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clarity because we did not know reaction so far. Some teaching

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to deal with these situations. And remember, something like 4% of the

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population in this country have remember, something like 4% of the

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Turkish background, so you can see the situations cropping up in all

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some of the public swimming pools have days reserved for women. They

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are getting around it that way. have days reserved for women. They

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was a difficult problem and at religion and sport colliding where

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segregation has been requested? You just have got to go through

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life. In the gym I go to there You just have got to go through

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section for women where there is You just have got to go through

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area is only for women and that You just have got to go through

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are not welcome there and should not go in there. That is because

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some of the women you talk to say look, it is a gym and I want to

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men ogling at me. There are some look, it is a gym and I want to

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Catholic schools in the south of then the issue is a lot bigger.

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segregation of gym lessons. That then the issue is a lot bigger.

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Operations will resume next week at an industrial complex on the border

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of North and South Korea, which became a flashpoint during high

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tensions on the peninsula this April. The Gaesong complex lies

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just inside the territory of the north but is run jointly by both

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states, bringing together South Korean manufacturers and North

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Korean labour. From Seoul, Lucy Five months ago this was as close

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as South Koreans could get to the factories inside the north. From

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Monday those factories will begin operations again after an agreement

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to re open the joint industrial process. But it went look as it

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to re open the joint industrial before. Foreign companies will be

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invited in to share the site. South Korea says it hopes for foreign

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mobile phones and internet access will be introduced, despite being

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Negotiations to open the joint project took many weeks. It was

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Negotiations to open the joint first time that political tensions

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had arisen. More than 120 South Korean companies have factories

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incentives for them are strong. After the suspension of the past

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The blast is the latest in a series of sectarian violence in Iraq.

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investigation into the 1978 murder of an axe aisle to dissident on

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Waterloo Bridge in London. -- Exide identified his killer as an agent

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named Piccadilly at the agent has There has been a double suicide

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attack in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. There has been a double suicide

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People across the US are marking the 11th attacks 12 years ago. The

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official ceremony at the World Trade Center site in New York took place

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silence marked the moment when the planes crashed into the towers.

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President Obama has also attended a planes crashed into the towers.

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ceremony at the Pentagon. Families Lyoo Russell Keenan the third. And

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my uncle, Peter, you were taken Lyoo Russell Keenan the third. And

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us too soon. Today we celebrate Lyoo Russell Keenan the third. And

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In Spain, hundreds of thousands Lyoo Russell Keenan the third. And

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people have formed a human chain in Catalonia to secure their support

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for independence. It is Catalonia's national day and the local president

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has reiterated his plan to hold national day and the local president

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referendum on independence next year. The Spanish central government

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People in Catalonia have celebrated their national day for centuries.

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But this year there are again strong calls for a vote on independence

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cannot vote, and that should not be acceptable for the rest of the

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world. The feeling is greater than ever and I think we will succeed. A

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pro-independence Catalan flags. ever and I think we will succeed. A

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people, hundreds of thousands, creating a human chain, a protest in

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favour of the idea of an independent Catalan state. The human chain

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stretches 400 kilometres, weaving its way through many roads Tom and

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eventually reached the border with France. Here it travels through

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eventually reached the border with you went in the other direction

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eventually you would end up in a Spanish region. Earlier the Catalan

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president told me his plan was to hold a referendum on independence

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Spanish government but Madrid is unlikely to agree. We do not know if

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the Spanish government will accept not, I have another tool in my

:20:25.:20:42.

the Spanish government will accept Catalan president says he will turn

:20:42.:20:44.

the Spanish government will accept regional elections in two years

:20:44.:20:45.

the Spanish government will accept a vote on independence from Spain.

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unclear. Spain shows no sign of a vote on independence from Spain.

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unclear. Spain shows no sign of despite the large number on the

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unclear. Spain shows no sign of street, if there was a rough --

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unclear. Spain shows no sign of vote the result would be difficult

:21:03.:21:13.

unclear. Spain shows no sign of There is a vaccine that appears

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unclear. Spain shows no sign of be effective against the primate

:21:15.:21:24.

monkeys showed up clear of the simian immunodeficiency virus and

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this raises hope that a similar approach could be used for humans.

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Very similar. HIV actually derives from the simian immunodeficiency

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virus. It crossed species from monkeys to humans. They both affect

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the body in the same way, attacking the immune system and leading to

:21:55.:22:00.

AIDS. A particular form of the simian virus they were looking at is

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a very virulent form, about 100 times more deadly than HIV. It can

:22:06.:22:11.

kill monkeys within two years. If we are looking at this really nasty

:22:11.:22:18.

vaccinate against it, perhaps you can use that for less virulent forms

:22:18.:22:25.

like HIV. Have they quantified how well they have been able to tackle

:22:25.:22:33.

vaccine they have put together users belonging to the herpes family,

:22:33.:22:43.

vaccine they have put together users deliver the virus. It uses the

:22:43.:22:45.

infectious nature to spread through the body and kick-start the immune

:22:45.:22:53.

system. They vaccinated 16 monkeys and exposed them to the simian

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immunodeficiency virus and they found it that -- that in half of

:22:57.:23:05.

them the vaccine is very effective. Although the virus spreads through

:23:05.:23:09.

the body, the vaccine hunted out and is really good at hiding itself

:23:09.:23:17.

the body, the vaccine hunted out and in tissues but this one managed

:23:17.:23:20.

the body, the vaccine hunted out and eradicate it. That raises hope,

:23:20.:23:26.

could be potential cure cross over to humans? Researchers must be

:23:26.:23:31.

thinking about this. We are a long way off but researchers have been

:23:31.:23:36.

creating an equivalent vaccine which through a lot of safety tests before

:23:36.:23:43.

it can go to clinical trials but they expect them to start in the

:23:43.:23:48.

next two years. Whether this will eventually help to vaccinate against

:23:48.:23:50.

HIV in humans remains to be seen eventually help to vaccinate against

:23:50.:23:59.

much success at all. 20 -- two years years, and not many have had very

:23:59.:24:09.

much success at all. 20 -- two years we will have to have you back here.

:24:09.:24:13.

The last woolly mammoth disappeared from Earth nearly 4000 years ago. It

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is long thought that early humans were the main factor killing them

:24:17.:24:19.

world warming up after an ice age. were the main factor killing them

:24:19.:24:32.

world warming up after an ice age. There is plenty of evidence that

:24:32.:24:35.

humans hunted woolly mammoths. Many believe it is this that led to the

:24:35.:24:46.

scientists studying their remains are seeing a different picture.

:24:46.:24:49.

scientists studying their remains drilling into their tasks, they

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scientists studying their remains extracted DNA. -- tusks. If the

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scientists studying their remains from each animal is very different,

:25:00.:25:02.

there were lots of them. If there are signs of inbreeding, there were

:25:02.:25:08.

few. The frozen remains of woolly mammoths have been found across

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few. The frozen remains of woolly world. DNA from their bones and

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few. The frozen remains of woolly their hair shows that their demise

:25:17.:25:19.

was mostly down to a change in climate. It began 20,000 years ago.

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The ice age was at its height. It mammoths because the cold pressed

:25:27.:25:34.

the plant growth they depended on. That was the start of a long process

:25:34.:25:40.

that would lead to their extinction. Then it became too warm for them.

:25:40.:25:46.

They were gigantic. A woolly mammoth was about the size of a modern-day

:25:46.:25:51.

elephant. It is thought they at 40,000 years ago there was lots

:25:51.:25:58.

elephant. It is thought they at grass for them to eat, shown here in

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green. As the ice age ended the grass disappeared and so did the

:26:01.:26:07.

mammoth. These great beasts were forced north as the grassland was

:26:07.:26:15.

replaced by forests. One clear message is that mammoths do not

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replaced by forests. One clear the warm, they get going, move

:26:18.:26:19.

northwards. Once they got there the warm, they get going, move

:26:19.:26:28.

went extinct. All that is left of these once magnificent creatures is

:26:28.:26:36.

Amazing fossils, what they can reveal. Next it is the weather.

:26:37.:26:40.

Amazing fossils, what they can me and the rest of the team, had

:26:40.:26:41.

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